Edzna was the most important pre-Columbian city in western Campeche. It was founded around 600 BC and occupied until the 15th c. Many thousands of people must have lived there during the apogee between 600 and 900 AD. The size of the ancient city has been calculated to have covered 25 sq. km, and it had a complete system for capturing, storing and distributing rain water.

The word Edzna is probably derived from Itzna, meaning "house of the Itzaes" in Maya. Itza, the pre-Columbian name of the family which must have governed the ancient city between 800 and 1000 AD, was given to all the inhabitants of the area. Thus, though they had distinct family names, they were called 'Itzaes' by the people of other cities and communities.

Edzna was discovered in 1907. Exploration began

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