Link of the Month sites - 1998 Through 2008

Links of the Month - 2009 Through Present

Links of the Month - 2008 Through 1998

About My Books

Below is a picture of the cover of my first book
"This Day in North American Indian History"
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This is the cover to my first book. 
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Below is a picture of the cover of my second book
"Native American History For Dummies"
I wrote 6 of the 24 chapters for this book.
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This is the cover to my 2nd book. 
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Below is a picture of the cover of my third book
"Treaties With American Indians"
I wrote an article and several appendix items for this book.
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This is the cover to my 3rd book. 
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Links with a check were added recently.
Sites with this letter are archived views of pages which may no longer exist.

Links of the Month - 2009 Through Present

Links of the Month - 2008 Through 1998

December 2008
Internet Sacred Text Archive. Their posting says: "A long-standing problem with this section (and several others at this site relating to traditional peoples' spiritual beliefs) has been the lack of authoritative information. We are in the process of expanding this section by scanning public domain ethnographic accounts on specific Native American religious and spiritual practices. We are fortunate that there is a wealth of such material available, which makes it so much more puzzling why more of it is not on the Internet yet." Native American religion, mythology and folklore which are covered extensively at this site: Aztecs, Californian, Inuit, Maya, Iroquois, Cherokee, Navajo, Zuñi, Hopi

May 2008
Native American Records at the National Archives - Despite the fact that I have posted on my website that I am not very good at genealogy, I get lots of requests to help people research their American Indian ancestry. Well, here is a website which can help you find government documents. Many documents are actually on fine at one of the government facilities. Check it out.

April 2008
Similar to last month, my 'Link Of The Month' for April is a 'protest' website. "The Home Page Of The United Cherokee Nation" addresses what they feel are the abuses and illegalities of the administration of the Cherokee Nation in Tahlequah, Oklahoma. "We Support The Actions Of All Cherokee Citizens In Their Fight! Against The Oppression By: The Cherokee Nation of Oklahoma! Dictatorial Tyranny Upon The Cherokee People Must Be Halted."

I do not always agree with their conclusions; but; I do find it interesting to look at other points of view.

You can find it at:

March 2008
For March, I have several "Links Of The Month." There is some conflict in northern California about which group should get federal recognition. I am not taking sides in this issue. Here are links to a couple of the groups in the area. The listing are from each of the websites.
Stop Wintu Fraud

This Blog Was Created As A Forum To Address to the Varied Issues Surrounding the Connections Between Tribal Fractionization and Delayed Federal Recognition for the Now Several Bands that Exist Today Representing the Wintu Tribe of Shasta and Trinity Counties.
This website is dedicated to all the real Pitt River Indians. Here we don’t claim to tell the truth. We actually do. We don’t have to take over anything in a hostile manner because we were actually elected by the Pit River Membership.
Wintu Tribe of Northern California
& Toyon-Wintu Center
35 76 Oasis Rd
Redding, CA 96003

A Facebook Page
Thank you for visiting the Official Home of the Winnemem Wintu Tribe. By following the links on this site, you will be able to visit with us: see our history, culture, traditions and people.

February 2008
Original Pechanga's Blog. It describes itself as "Terminated member of the Temecula Band of Luiseno Indians from the Pechanga Reservation trying to shine light on actions of a corrupt Pechanga government Working with tribal members who have been denied civil rights,enduring the pain of disenrollment and moratoriums." This blog's author was disenrolled from the Pechanga tribe. The blog is an interesting look into the politics within one Southern California tribe. Here is the link to this website:

December 2007
"Gallica - Bureau of American ethnology (Washington, D.C.). Annual report of the Bureau of American ethnology to the Secretary of the Smithsonian institution." This link is to a database of information kept in France. You can see photocopies of the reports from 1881 (the 1st) through 1933. By clicking on the appropriate year, you will be taken to the first page of that year's report. Each report has information about a variety of American Indian tribes, issues or studies. Some of the reports are only a few pages long. Other run well over 500 pages. The data can range from long discussions about religion to philosophy. Other articles show pictures of Plains Indian sign languages. It will take you a very long time to go through each of these reports. Each report can be looked at as a treasure chest waiting to be opened. With you find a few baubles, or a King's ransom. You will just have to check each of them out to see.

There is a bit of a trick to using the site. Some of the instructions are in French. You should be able to figure them out, though. All of the texts are in English. Here is the link to this massive database of information:

November 2007
This month's Link of the Month is about my most recent trip to Utah. Bridal Veil Falls is a nice waterfall east of Provo... Dinosaur National Monument is an amazing geological area where many dinosaur bones and ancient American Indian petroglyphs have been found... Utah Field House of Natural History State Park Museum has many interesting exhibits... The Red Fleet Dinosaur Trackway is a place where you can see dino tracks in the rocks... Flaming Gorge is a very large canyon lake in northern Utah & southwestern Wyoming.... I also took pictures from the plane over Southern California, Phoenix, Grand Canyon, Zion & Bryce Parks.

You can see all of the pictures on my website at:

October 2007
Omaha Indian Heritage. The website has a great deal of information, texts and photos related to the Omaha tribe. You can see it at this address:
September 2007
"We Shall Remain." Their website says it is "the most ambitious primetime television series and media project on Native history ever produced."

We Shall Remain will present a multifaceted story of Native ingenuity and perseverance that spans more than three hundred years. The tale of European settlement of North America has been told countless times, but never before from the perspective of the land's original inhabitants.

You can read more about the project on their website at:

July 2007
While I was doing research for book that I am co-authoring, I came across several very interesting websites. Here is one of them. It is a book which can be read online.

"Ceremonial Costumes of the Pueblo Indians - Their Evolution, Fabrication, and Significance in the Prayer Drama"
May 2007
The Center for Desert Archaeology, a private nonprofit organization, promotes the stewardship of southwestern archaeology and historic resources in the American Southwest and Mexican Northwest through active research, preservation, and public education. The website is very deep in content.

You can find it here:

April 2007
"WHEN CHEROKEES WERE CHEROKEE." This is an interesting, and detailed look at the history and culture of the ancient Cherokee. I think you will find it interesting, even if you are not Cherokee. You can find it here:

March 2007
"Chaco Digital Initiative." CDI is a collaborative effort to create a digital archive that will integrate much of the widely dispersed archaeological data collected from Chaco Canyon in the late 1890s and the first half of the 20th century. The site features some interactive maps, photos and tons of archaeological reports. If you have ever wondered what exactly it is that archaeologist document, this is the place to go. You can find it here:

February 2007
"Red Nation Celebration." According to their website, "established in 1995, Red Nation Celebration (RNC) is a non profit American Indian organization that premiere’s contemporary and traditional American Indian performing arts of diverse artistic disciplines to the mainstream media and to the global communities to encourage understanding of the cultural traditions, performing arts, community and the advancement of Indigenous Nations.

Red Nation Celebration sponsors different events, including a film festival. One of the things I hav enjoyed on their website is looking at some of the videos they have posted in their media center.

You can find it here:

January 2007
"Center for the Study of the First Americans." The Center's mission statement is: "The Center for the Study of the First Americans explores the questions surrounding the peopling of the Americas. The Center pursues research, education, and public outreach. Research: The Center develops new knowledge regarding PaleoAmerican origins, human dispersal, settlement, and cultural and biological development that occurred before 12,000 years ago. Education: The Center trains students who will go on to continue First Americans research. Outreach: The Center disseminates the results of academic research into the first Americans to the general public through our publications.

In the Publications section of the website, you can find archived isses of their quarterly publication "The Mammoth Trumpet." There is tons of information there. There are also lots of pictures from around the world in their Image Gallery. You can find it here:

December 2006
December's "Link Of The Month" is a group of websites dedicated to the art of basketweaving. You will find some excellent examples, and even some instructions on the websites below.

Cherokeebasketweaver's photos:

Cherokee Artists Association:

Native American Basketry:

Qualla Eastern Cherokee (Tsalagi) basketry:

Native Basketry:

Mike Darts Web Site:

Burl Ford:

California Indian Basketweavers Association:

Marvin Cohodas Baskets:

The Language of Native American Baskets from the Weavers's View:

Native American baskets:

The Basket - Background, History, Raw Materials, Design:

American Indian Baskets:

Northwest Coast Basketry -

Basketry Techniques: Coiling, Twining, Weaving, Plaiting:

November 2006
"A History of American Indians in California." This National Park Service website offers a look into some of the history of California's original inhabitants. It breaks the articles downinto specific time periods. It also has everal interesting links to historical sites within California. I think you will find it interesting.

You can find it here:

October 2006
"Circle Of Stories" from PBS. Circle of Stories uses documentary film, photography, artwork and music to honor and explore American Indian storytelling. Here are some of the different section of the website: "Storytellers:" Listen and learn from four Native storytellers. "Many Voices:" Explore a gallery of stories and learn about the history of Native storytelling. "We Are Here:" Find out how American Indian tribes are confronting language and land issues today. "Community:" Participate by sharing your ideas and stories about land, language and cultural preservation. "For Educators:" Find lessons and activities for the classroom.

I found the website very interesting.

You can find it here:

September 2006
"The Indian War of 1864: Being a Fragment of the Early History of Kansas, Nebraska, Colorado and Wyoming," by Eugene Ware. The material is a transcript of this book which was published in 1911. It can give you some interesting insights into the thinking of Indian fighters of the time. Chapter 30 covers a bit of the Sand Creek Massacre. I quote: "Among the humanitarians of Boston it was called the "Chivington Massacre," but there was never anything more deserved than that massacre. The only difficulty was that there were about fifteen hundred Indian warriors that didn't get killed."

You can find it here:

August 2006
"Bridges to Understanding." This website is dedicated to “giving youth voice worldwide through digital storytelling. While this site does groups all over the world, it has quite a few American Indian communities. The ‘Communities’ section of the website can take you to many different specific areas. Each one of these areas has a section where local kids talk about their lives. This is an interesting way to find out what is happening from the locals themselves.

It is still a work in progress, but I think you will find it interesting.

You can find the website at:

July 2006
"Defend Bear Butte!" Defend Bear Butte is a website for a group of people who are trying to preserve the sacred nature of Bear Butte in South Dakota. The website provides historical information about the area. It also documents this group's efforts, and what concerned people can do to help.

You can find the website at:

June 2006
"The Tribal Historian" at the Chickasaw Nation website. This is an interesting series of stories written by Richard Green which have appeared in the Chickasaw Times or The Journal of Chickasaw History. I think you will find them entertaining and instructive.

You can find the website at:

May 2006
"National Lewis & Clark Bicentennial Commemoration" website. It has tons of information of the 200 anniversary of this event. Many of the contributions have been made from the American Indian point of view. It is a well designed website, and is well worth a visit.

April 2006
The Nieman Reports: "Covering Indian Country" from the Nieman Foundation For Journalism at Harvard UNiversity. This 2005 publication covers LOTS of material in its 115 pages. It is well worth a look.

March 2006
Indian Tribes of California - A project created by the students the Lo-Inyo Fourth Grade Class. This is a very nice website with information about the local tribal groups. You might enjoy checking it out.

February 2006
Wea Indian Tribe website. It has lots of information about this group.

I recommend that you spend some time at their website:

January 2006
Cherokee Nation of Mexico's History of Sequoyah. This website looks into the end of Sequoyah's life. It is their contention that he died, and is buried, in Modern Mexico. This page has lots of interesting information. The rest of the website deals with many other topics. Some of those topics are:

Cherokee religion, storytelling, music, art, prophecies, sacred formulas, language and medicine.

If nothing else, the website makes for an interesting read.

You can find it at:

December 2005
THE ILLUSTRATING TRAVELER. THE ILLUSTRATING TRAVELER is a interesting collection of drawings from the Beinecke Rare Book & Manuscript Library Exhibition at Yale. There are descriptions for each of the pictures. Besure to check all of the links at the bottom of the page. They will lead you through the exhibit. Some of those topics are:

Encountering Native Americans, Part II, Customs of the Country, Valor and Endurance, An Analytic Eye, The Sublime and the Picturesque and The Spirit of Place.

You can find it at:

November 2005
Fort Tours. Fort Tours is an amazing collection of information about the various forts which were established across the United States and Canada. They have pictures, descriptions, maps, and links to other sites for almost each fort listed. There is another section which deals with Battlesites, Massacres and Blood Trails.

A lot of work has gone into this site. I think it is well worth a visit.

You can find it at:

October 2005
Kiowa Young Men's Association. "A grassroots organization, the Kiowa Young Men's Association is composed of people who live in the Kiowa Community and keep close ties to what is happening at the local level. The group participates in the positive activities of the tribe. One standard the group has adopted is not to be politically involved... to be a part of the solution rather than part of the problem. The theory is sound because the Kiowa Tribe needs more positive direction. In addition, the young men of the Kiowa Nation will inherit what is left by the previous generation. To insure that the next generation has something good, the young men have taken the responsibility to forge a positive path."

You might find it interesting to go through their website to see what they are trying to do.

You can find it at:

September 2005
"The University of Virginia Library Etext Center." While the website has LOTS of material on many subjects, it has an interesting offering of older texts related to American Indian subjects. It features essays by Henry Dawes (as in the commission of the same name), Charles Alexander Eastman (Ohiyesa), Grant Foreman, George Bird Grinnell, General O.O. Howard, John G. Neihardt, Zitkala-Sa and even Calamity Jane. You will find transcriptions of their original works.

The material makes for some interesting reading. It might help you in some reasearch or getting a feeling for the time.

August 2005
"A Circle Of All Nations." According to this page, "The Circle of All Nations is a global eco-community unified by Elder William Commanda's fundamental and unshakeable conviction that as children of Mother Earth, we all belong together, irrespective of our individual colour, creed or culture. The Circle of All Nations is neither an organization nor a network. Rather it is a growing circle of individuals committed to respect for Mother Earth, promotion of racial harmony, advancement of social justice, recognition and honouring of indigenous wisdom and peace building. The core values sustaining the Circle are love, forgiveness, compassion respect and responsibility.

William Commanda is the eighty nine year old Algonquin Elder from Kitigan Zibi Reserve, Quebec. The great, great grandson of Pakinawatik, the hereditary Anicinabe chief who led his people to settle in their traditional hunting and trapping grounds in the Ottawa River area in the mid eighteen hundreds, Elder Commanda is Keeper of three Wampum Belts of sacred and historic importance."

The website has some interesting discussions, whether you agree, or not.

July 2005
"David Pego's Corner." According to this page, “David Pego has been a writer and editor for more than three decades. The first American Indian winner of the McCormick Tribune Fellowship, he has been an influential figure in native journalism and education since being selected by the first President Bush as delegate to the historic White House Conference on Indian Education in 1991." But David was much more than that. David passed on in June. I recommend visiting his website to learn more about him, his thoughts, and his life.

You can read one of his many obituaries here

June 2005
"CodeTalk." According to their home page, "CodeTalk" is a federal, interagency, Native American Web site designed specifically to deliver electronic information from government agencies and other organizations to Native American communities.” The website is produced by the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development. It has lots of interesting material.
May 2005
The Inuit Heritage Trust. The Trust, according to their website "is a designated Inuit organization established by and for the Inuit of Nunavut. The Trust is dedicated to the preservation, enrichment and protection of Inuit cultural heritage and identity embodied in Nunavut's archaeological sites, ethnographic resources and traditional place names. The Trust's activities are based on the principle of respect for the traditional knowledge and wisdom of our Elders." The website has some interesting material and links. It is also deigned to be seen in three different languages: English, Inuktitut and Inuinnaqtun.

April 2005
The "Link of the Month" for April is a bit different. April 6th is being declared "Drowsy Driver Awareness Day" in California. I created this website to address some of the issues related to this matter. Please visit this page if you would like to know more about the dangers of driving while drowsy, sleepy or fatigued; learn what some of the warning signs are; how to avoid the problem; see long lists of statistics related to drowsy driving; and photos and brochures.

March 2005
"American Indians of the Pacific Northwest Collection" . This website's digital databases includes over 2,300 original photographs as well as over 1,500 pages from the Annual Reports of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs to the Secretary of the Interior from 1851 to 1908 and six Indian treaties negotiated in 1855. Secondary sources include 89 articles from the Pacific Northwest Quarterly and 23 University of Washington publications in Anthropology.

If you would like to see more and learn more about the tribes of the Pacific Northwest, this is a great place to visit.

February 2005 . This website specializes in copies of original, historical documents. While it has material on many subject matters, it has a great deal of documents relating to American Indians. The "TOPICAL ARCHIVES INDEX" contains copies of the Dictionary of the Chinook Jargon, "History of Southern Oregon," The Life and Times of General Joseph Lane, and Marcus and Narcissa Whitman - missionaries to the Cayuse tribe.

The "LIBRARY Index" has copies of some of the Annual Reports of the U.S. Bureau of Ethnology from 1884 through 1905; The Cheyenne Indians, Their History and Ways of Life, by George Bird Grinnell, published 1923; the Autobiography of Black Hawk; an Index of some of the U.S. Congressional and Executive Documents from 1835 through 1897; and the 1883 Indian Tribes of the United States, by Henry Rowe Schoolcraft, just to name a few.

This website is an excellent example of one of the way the internet can educate and inform the public. Through its use of original documents, we can see unsanitized versions of the documents, and attitudes which have shaped the United States. I highly recommend this website. I have visited it myself many times.

January 2005
The Center for California Native Nations website is part of the University of California in Riverside. The University of California at Riverside is unique among universities in the United States in that American Indians Supported UCR's Founding. A Cahuilla man and a Cherokee woman, Rupert and Jeannette Costo, were responsible for the campaign to locate a branch of the University of California at Riverside. The Costos also established the first chair in American Indian Studies in the United States, the Costo Chair of American Indian Affairs. They also assembled one of the largest collections of research materials relating to Native Americans in the nation the Costo Library of the American Indian and Costo Archive. The Costos founded the American Indian Historical Society, which served as the foundation for a Native American book and journal publishing concern, the Indian Historian Press. The website’s archive section has online versions of some older magazines which have some interesting articles.

The section of the website which first got my attention asks a question I have pondered several times: "Should Andrew Jackson be Removed from the $20 Bill?"

As a historian, I am aware of the sometime vicious nature of President Jackson toward many American Indian tribes. As a Cherokee, I am even more aware of the result of Jackson’s actions and inactions. During his term in office, Jackson ignored a Supreme Court ruling which supported the Cherokee Nation in their efforts to enforce their own laws over Georgia laws in our ancestral lands in Georgia. To paraphrase his comments about the court’s decision, "The Chief Justice has made his ruling; now let him enforce it." This attitude led to the removal of the Cherokees a few years later. While I have actually considered boycotting the 20 dollar bill, I realize how hard this would be to accomplish. You can peruse the CCNN’s discussion of the issue on this website listed above.

Here are some other websites which discuss replacing Jackson on the $20.
December 2004
The Aboriginal Multi-Media Society (AMMSA) website is the home page for many different presentations. The AMMSA sponsors several publications, all of which have sample articles online. They has some interesting historical content done in the same format as my book. They also have a nice links page, as well as other interesting material. I suggest giving their website a visit.

November 2004
This website comes from the California State University in Humbolt. It has lots of interesting material.

Lessons In Tribal Sovereignty:

October 2004
National Museum of the American Indian (NMAI). The website shows parts of the museum and some of the ongoing events and exhibits. You can see it at:

September 2004
American Indian Health Website. This website specializes in health issues. It offers links to many excellent searchable databases ( Native Health History Database , Native American Ethnobotany Database, Native Elder Research Center ) and other material. If you have any questions on this subject, I recommend using this website as a resource.

August 2004
"Bureau of Indian Affairs Federal Acknowledgement Decision Compilation."

This website shows the status of tribal recognition petitions with the U.S. federal government. It has lots of details.

July 2004
The Sullivan-Clinton Campaign of 1779-2004: This website offers a detailed examination of one of the largest government expeditions against American Indians. It features many articles, gallaries, audio & visual material and other interesting information about the incursion into the lands of the "Six Nations" of New York. It is well worth a visit.

June 2004
What Is Yer Native IQ (racism?)

This website, through a series of questions, hopes to heighten people's awareness of issues regarding racism and American Indians. They also have some interesting articles, as well.
May 2004
The "Links of The Month" for May are a collection of websites about the American Indian Movement. It started in the late 1960s. AIM has gone through some changes over the years. It has seen changes in its membership, policies, and internal government. There is more than one major branch, too. One thing that has not changed is the stated goal of helping American Indians get or maintain their rights. Some people feel this is a radical group. Others feel they are not radical enough. Either way, visiting the various organizations can give you a look into the heart of one part of the political and social spectrum that exists across "Indian Country."

The links below are presented in no particular order.

The International Confederation of Autonomous Chapters of the American Indian Movement
American Indian Movement Grand Governing Council
Jordan S. Dill's site on AIM
A.I.M. Central Indiana Support Group
Dennis Banks' AIM website
American Indian Movement Support Group of New Jersey
American Indian Movement of Florida
American Indian Movement of Florida
The American Indian Movement Support Group of Ohio & Northern Kentucky
American Indian Movement , Rio Grand Valley Region
The South Carolina Chapter of The International Confederation of Autonomous Chapters of the American Indian Movement
Cleveland American Indian Movement Chapter

April 2004
The Fort Huachuca History Program site. Fort Huachuca is an Army base in the southern part of Arizona. In fact, it is one of the largest military bases in the United States. It "is a resource that wants to share with soldiers and scholars all that it has been able to learn about its dual areas of interest--the history of the U.S.Army in the American Southwest and the evolution of military intelligence within the U.S. Army. It brings together narrative histories, biographies, essays, museum catalogs, photographs, graphics, historical maps, manuals on museum administration, tourist information, bibliographies, and links to related sites." The website's resources on the Apache are expecially well documented. It is well worth a visit.

The website is located at:
March 2004
“Texas Beyond History.” It is an amazing piece of work. It has in depth information on a wide variety of subjects. Many of the articles include numerous photos, maps and bibliographies. I was very impressed with this website. You could spend many an hour here just browsing through its many pages. On the left side of the page is the “New and News on TBH” section. Here you can find all kinds of things, including lesson plans for Teachers. There are also links to various themes or places.

Their website is located at:

Here are just a few of the other subjects covered in this exceptional project:
Caddo Indians
Sha'chahdínnih (Timber Hill): Last Village of the Kadohadacho in the Caddo Homeland
Frontier Forts
Plains Villagers of the Texas Panhandle
Stone Tools of Texas
Red River War
Bonfire Shelter (Buffalo Jump)

February 2004
There are three "Link of The Month" sites for February 2004.

The first is "THE OHIO VALLEY-GREAT LAKES ETHNOHISTORY ARCHIVES: THE MIAMI COLLECTION". It is a exceptional collection of documents and information about the Miami tribe. It was prepared by the Glenn Black Laboratory of Archaeology and The Trustees of Indiana University. It is well worth a view. This website is located at:

The second site is "Official website of the Miami Nation of Indians of Indiana". This site has lots of detailed information about this tribe. It is well worth a view. This website is located at:

The third site is "Official website of the Miami Nation of Oklahoma". This site also has lots of information about this branch of the tribe. It is also well worth a view. This website is located at:

January 2004
This month's "Link of The Month" is Terri Jean's website. Terri Jean is an author and director of the Red Roots Educational Project. She has written many articles, some of which you can find on her site. Her site has lots of other interesting information.

Her website is located at:
December 2003
"American Indian & Alaska Native Education Research" or "IndianEduResearch.Net". Per their site: "A continuation of work that began with 1998 Executive Order 13096. Site includes links for research funding sources, data sources, ERIC Digests, conference papers, bibliographies, and upcoming conferences pertinent to Indian Education research. Also includes a link to search the ERIC database as well as a link to the revised on-line Native Education Directory." This site can be a great resource for educators.

Their website is located at:
November 2003
Mashantucket Museum and Research Center. You will find lots of info here.

Their website is located at:
October 2003
National Indian Justice Center. For their website: "The goals of NIJC are to design and deliver legal education, research, and technical assistance programs which seek to improve the quality of life for Native communities and administration of justice in Indian country. The National Indian Justice Center, Inc., (NIJC) is an Indian owned and operated non-profit corporation with principal offices in Santa Rosa, California. NIJC was established in 1983 through the collective efforts of the National American Indian Court Judges Association, the American Indian Lawyer Training Program, and the Bureau of Indian Affairs in order to establish an independent national resource for Native communities and tribal governments." Among their efforts listed above, they are also involved in the creation of the California Indian Museum and Cultural Center. Thier website has some interesting links and online articles. You might find a visit to their website educational.

Their website is located at:
September 2003
The "United States Senate Committee on Indian Affairs" page. As many of you know, the Bureau of Indian Affairs website has been turned off for some time. The USCIA site is a good alternative "official" resource on American Indian governmental matters....
August 2003
"Federal Communications Commission Tribal Initiatives" page. From their site: "The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) recognizes that the telecommunications penetration rate on many tribal lands falls far below the national average. We have taken a series of steps, through regulatory action, consumer information and tribal outreach, to address the lack of telecommunications deployment and subscribership throughout Indian Country. Our Commission is working hard to promote the availability of telecommunications services to individuals on tribal lands. We hope you will find our Tribal pages to be a valuable resource." Check out their site...
July 2003
The Online version of NEZ PERCE SUMMER, 1877 - The U.S. Army and the Nee-Me-Poo Crisis by Jerome A. Greene - foreword by Alvin M. Josephy, Jr. ©2000, Montana Historical Society Press. This is a very detailed account of the Nez Perce's flight from the army in 1877. As many of you probably know, the Nez Perce who did not want to move to the Idaho reservation decided to see if they could find somewhere else to live. Their destination changed a couple of times. Eventually, they had hoped to leave the United States and go to Canada. They outfought and outmanuvered the army while being outnumbered most of the time. You can read about most of this tragic flight from the army on this website. It also lists references, and includes several maps. I highly recommend it. You can find it here:
June 2003
"Fort Klock Historic Restoration, Indian Castle Church" website. This website is extremely detailed, and it covers the history of the area. One of its many detailed articles (located in the Historical Articles section at ) covers the Battles and Raids in the Province and State of New York, 1609-1814. You will be able to spend lots of time looking through this amazing site. You can find it at:
April 2003
"National Tribal Justice Resource Center". This is an exceptional resource. It was designed to help tribal courts, but anyone can find useful information here. It lists many tribal constitutions and codes. It posts tribal and Supreme Court opinions. It also has links to many other organizations and projects. I highly recommend this website. You can find it at:
March 2003
Every so often, I like the feature the work of an individual. This month's "Link of the Month" is by Patrick Minges. Patrick appears to keep quite busy. His work "I am Keetoowah's Son!" is an extremely detailed, and well annotated look at one aspect of Cherokee culture and history. Even if the Cherokee are not your favorite subject, Patrick's work is well worth visiting. You can find it at:
February 2003

This exceptionally detailed site looks at this Canadian First Nation. It covers a wide variety of subjects and material. It also has many illustrations. I highly recommend it.
January 2003
"The Interactive ALR: A Searchable Database of Historic Native American Vocabularies."

One of the most common questions I get is to tell someone the "Indian" name for something. This website can help you find translations in many different Indian languages. They are slowly expanding the database, too.
December 2002
"Dawes Enrollment Cards - Final Rolls 1898- 1914"

This site, from, has a plethora (how often do you get to use that word!) of information on tribal enrollment cards. These are the documents the US federal government compiled as they took their official census of the various Indian tribes. " The Final Rolls of the Citizens and Freedmen of the Five Civilized Tribes in Indian Territory list the names of the individuals who were allowed on the tribal rolls by the Dawes Commission." It is a great source for genealogy, information, and it has excellent links.
November 2002
"Portrait Gallery of American Indians"

This site has a very large collection of old pictures, illustrations and other related material. While purchasing a copy might be a bit expensive, looking is free.
October 2002
"The Mesoamerican Ballgame: The Sport of Life and Death"

This website appears to have been built to promote a traveling museum exhibit. It requires Flash 5+ to view its features. Once you are inside the site, you will get a chance to play the ball game. You can visit many of the areas of Mesoamerica where the game was played. You can also see some of the artifacts from Mesoamerica. This website is a great example of what the internet can do to produce interactive experiences.
September 2002
This month’s sites all feature some form of American Indian sign languages.

Indian Sign Language
very detailed site from The Inquiry Net - well done

American Indian Sign Language (Website may no longer exist - no archive could be found)
another good page from the Comanche Lodge

Cree Hand Signals
pictures for both nouns and words

Indian Sign Language
several pages of descriptions from El Centro College

Keresan Pueblo Indian Sign Language
shows a few examples of both Keresan and ASL for the same word

Native American Sign Languages
imovies to show some Plains Indians signs

Native American Sign Language
photos to show words

ON THE PROBABLE ORIGIN OF PLAINS SIGN LANGUAGE (Website may no longer exist - no archive could be found)
detailed scholarly article - no pictures

Plains Indian Sign Language (Website may no longer exists)
"A Memorial to the Conference, September 4-6, 1930, Browning, Montana" with some examples

Plains Indian Sign Language
a few examples

Universal Language of the Plains
photos to show words
August 2002
"Native American Constitution and Law Digitization Project."

"This Project is a cooperative effort among the University of Oklahoma Law Center, the National Indian Law Library, and Native American tribes providing access to the Constitutions, Tribal Codes, and other legal documents." It provided very comprehensive links to detailed information on Codes, Cohen's Handbook, Constitutions, Indian Land Titles, IRA Era Constitutions and Charters, Oklahoma, Opinions of the Solicitor, Supreme Court, Treaties, and Tribes. You can find tons of information through this excellent site.
July 2002
"Mike Sack's Mi'kmaq Site." Mike has a very nicely designed site. Some of the specialized sections on this site are: Community Photos, Genealogy, Status FAQ, History, Arts & Crafts, Policies, Spirituality, NS Reserves, Stories, Mi'kmaq language, Links. The information is very interesting and well presented. I highly recommend visiting this website about this (mostly) Canadian tribal group.
June 2002
This month's "Link of the Month" goes to a variety of websites about Code Talkers. The sites are sorted alphabetically by website address.

Senator Jeff Bingaman's Navajo Code Talkers
lots of info...

Code Talkers & Spies

The Choctaw Codetalkers:

Navajo Codetalkers:

Codetalkers: Wind Talkers
a links page

American Indian Code Talkers

The Navajo Code Talkers (go down the page and click on the link by this

BBC News article

Navajo Code Talkers Author: Anna Mollo

Navajo Code Talkers Author: Yvette Lopez

Lesson Title: Navajo Codetalker Lesson
lesson plan with info


The Navajo Code Talkers

Welcome to my Codetalkers page! (Website may no longer exist - no archive could be found)

Code Talkers, America's Secret Military Weapon

Welcome to my "Navajo Codetalkers" page...

Warriors: Navajo Code Talkers

Navajo Code Talkers' Dictionary

Navajo Code Talkers: World War II Fact Sheet

Festival honors codetalkers and MacDonald

The Navajo Code Talkers By Jacob Frogget

Diné Bizaad Yee Atah Naayéé' Yik'eh Deesdlíí'
(The Navajo Language assisted the military forces to defeat the enemy)
another of Harrison Lapahie's great websites

Windtalkers: The official movie website.

Rapid City Journal articles

Philip Johnston's letter:

The Navajo Code Talkers - the Navajo Nation site

Choctaw Code Talkers of WWI

Codetalkers Exhibit:
from the National Security Agency

Carl Gorman
One of the Navajo Code Talkers of World War Two -- recently died of
cancer, at the age of 90. Hear about what they did in this remembrance
of Gorman's role with the Code Talkers. (A co-worker is related to


Navajo Times Online: Codetalkers

THE NAVAJO CODE TALKERS: Code Talkers (Part of the Story)

...and finally

WINDTALKERS: THE STORY BEHIND THE MOVIE (Webaite may no longer exist)

May 2002
This month's "Link of the Month" is a website by Michael Walkingstick Gregory. His website looks at part of the history of his family, the Walkingsticks. Michael is a very distant cousin, but, aren't all Cherokees? :-) My great grandmother was Nancy Walkingstick. Michael and I share a relative many generations back. You will find lots of information on Michael's family on his site. More than that, though, you will see the time, effort and love which went into the production of this website. He has included pictures and excerpts from important documents of the time. A link to the next page is at the bottom of each page. I highly recommend a visit to Michael's site:!5F!C4!6735ED18E2BB/wauhilau/WALKINGSTICKOFTHE/index.html

April 2002
This month will be a bit different than previous ones. I am features a few of the websites I have found which feature humor. Each of these sites offers a different perspective on American Indian humor. Check them out and have a laugh!

Native/Indian Humor by Nancy Deer With Horns (Yes, Deer With Horns is her real name)

National Museum of the American Indian - Conexus Indian Humor (Webaite may no longer exist)

Coyote Bites Back (an audio file)

You Could Be An Indian If...


Canku Ota (1/27/2001)

Native American Humor Jokes

On & Off the Res' with Charlie Hill

Club Red with Charlie Hill

Native American Humor

Indian Jokes-Native American Humor

Native Intelligence, Inc. - Native Humor (Website may no longer exist - no archive could be found)

John Potter:


Native American Humor

Native American Jokes

March 2002
Indian Trust: Cobell v. Babbitt
This website documents the effort to get the U.S. federal government to properly handle funds being held "in trust" for American Indians. It is a real education.
January 2002
Tribal Court Clearinghouse
Tribal Court Clearinghouse has a wide variety of resources. You can find an extensive listing of court cases, law review articles, info on treaties, alcohol and substance abuse programs, and many, many more subjects. It also has links to many more sites. I highly recommend a visit to this very well laid out website.
December 2001
Spanish Conquest of Native America
To quote the site: "This Site provides a Twenty-first Century glimpse at the oldest written history of America." It is very well designed and provides LOTS of information. There are maps, travelogs, detailed articles, pictures. and much more. If you have any interest in the history of the original "explorers" of the United States, this is the site to visit. I highly recommend it.
November 2001
My Trip to the Ancient Ruins of Mexico and Guatemala in 2001
This is my site on my recent trip. It features approximately 800 photos of several ruins, museums and interesting (in my opinion) places.
October 2001
AZTEC Student Teacher Resource Center
This is an excellent site by Thomas H. Frederiksen. It is a part of his bigger site on Mexico. The site deals with graphics, medicine, religion, leaders ad other aspects of the Aztec. If you want to know about about this Mexican tribe, this is a good place to begin.
September 2001
The September 2001 "Link of the Month" is the official website for the Cherokee Nation of Oklahoma. The Cherokee website is an excellent example of how a tribe has made use of modern technology. The website contains lots of information for the public and tribal members, as well. It has an extensive audio section, historical information, free downloads of the Cherokee language font, and soon, a language translation section. This is truly a standard for all other tribes. OK, I will admit I am a bit biased, but after all, I am Cherokee.
August 2001
The Link of the Month for August 2001 is the "Making of America" website. It is a large collection of books, maps, and a wide variety of other things. If you go to the search section and type in "Indian," it will show you a large selection of digital photocopies of old books. I have used some of the data here to help compile the material for the "Dates" section of my website (and the History section below). I have found it very interesting (depressing, enlightening, etc.) to read the actual words of people involved in making the history of the United States. For example, thereare several reprints of works written by George Custer, just to name one. You will also find this website covers many subjects other than on American Indians.

Click here for "Making of America"
July 2001
I am taking a different tack in this month's "Link of the Month." To help show some of the wide diversity in American Indians, I decided to feature Arigon Starr. Her site is at:

Here is a description from her website: "Native American Diva, Arigon Starr. She is a Native American Music Award winner and a member of the Kickapoo Tribe of Oklahoma." Her music, or what I have heard, is best described as rock. You might enjoy checking her out.
June 2001
This month's link of the month specializes in information on American Indians in Ohio. Ohio History Central has lots of different information, but you can also find out about Ohio's original inhabitants. Click on any of the links other than "Natural Ohio," and you will find a wealth of information on the local Indians. You can find it at:
May 2001
This month's link of the month specializes in information on the "First Peoples" of Canada. The site is in both English and French. It is titled "First Peoples on SchoolNet - Premieres Peuples sur Rescol." You can find it on the internet by clicking here:
It is loaded with interesting information and links.
April 2001
American Indian College Fund
"There are 32 tribal colleges--all founded by Indians to fight high rates of poverty, educational failure and cultural loss. These colleges created the non-profit American Indian College Fund to raise desperately-needed scholarship, endowment and operating monies."
March 2001 is a daily news service. It is a good place to go to see what is happening in the world of North American Indians.
January 2001
Navajo Genealogy and Family History of Harrison Lapahie Jr
Harrison's site was one of the first "personal home pages" I found on the web. I enjoyed visiting his site when I first saw it several years ago. I came back to his site recently while doing research. It is still a nice site. It presents Diné (Navajo) history, a map, genealogy, pictures, and many other thngs. It is well worth a visit.
December 2000
"Indian Land Cessions in The United States."
This site has a series of maps which show the way in which Indian lands were sold, lost or taken away. If you like maps, which I do, you will find this site to be a treasure trove of information. "Your hosts are Fred Smoot and Dr. Wayne C. Moore." I highly recommend a visit to this site.
November 2000
Bureau of Indian Affairs
This is the website of the part of the United States government which deals with American Indians. It lists current activities, press releases, tribal information, links, and other general information. It also has information on how to trace your relatives. To be a member of most tribes in the USA, you must first prove to the BIA that you are related by blood to someone whom they consider to be an Indian. They also discuss this. It is worth a look.
October 2000
Virtual Palenque
This month's site is another fine example of advances in Internet technology. Virtual Palenque makes good use of a program called QuickTime VR to deliver 360 degree pictures from all over the Maya ruins in Palenque, Mexico. It also provides very detailed descriptions of the ruins. If you cannot make the trip to Palenque, visiting this site would give you a good idea of what it would be like to be there.
September 2000
Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia
The name of this site translates to "National Institute of Antropology and History." It is a very comprehensive site about Mexico. Most of it's pages are in Spanish, but, even if you do not read this language, you can enjoy this website. It's archaeology section appears to detail every significant ruin in the country. It also offers very detailed information about the ancient people of Mexico. I highly reccommend a visit to this site.
August 2000
Yaxuná Archaeology Project
This site documents a special project being conducted at Yaxuná in the Yucatán peninsula of Mexico. The site has an amazing collection of Quicktime Virtual Reality pictures of this Mayan ruin. You can see many different ruins and get some very detailed explanation. It has maps, links and other interesting things. Phillip Hofstetter is to be applauded for this excellent use of the medium.
July 2000
Indian Country Today Online
"Indian Country Today, a weekly newspaper that covers national news and events, is currently distributed in all fifty states and in seventeen foreign countries." I have been getting a copy of their printed version for few months now and it was interesting looking at all of different subjects being covered. If you are interested in what is happening in "Indian Country," this is a good place to look.
June 2000
Tribes, States and Government Agency
This site has a very LONG list of links. It has them nicely sorted into catagories, as well. You can find all kinds of places here.

Native American Genealogy
Barb has created an amazing genealogy source. Her links cover a lot of territory. This is one of the better places to start a search on the web.
May 2000
The Journal of the Indian Wars
This month's link is to "a quarterly publication dedicated to interpreting the American Indian wars." It has become a very impressive publication. While the subject matter is somewhat narrow in scope, the details are extensive. While preparing the dates section of my site, I came across many well produced works. I remain impressed by the depth of the material in this publication. The website contains detailed samples from each issue of this publication.
April 2000
tatankasapa's Home Page
This month's Link of the Month covers a lots of material including: LINKS, Poetry And Prayers, SEARCH, A Special note for Native Americans, Quotes, Legends, Lore and Myths and The Four Values Of The Lakota.
March 2000
Dennis Eagle Horse
This month's Link of the Month is Dennis Eagle Horse's home page. Dennis has done some excellent artwork. Additionally, his web site is very creative. It is an example of what web sites can be when modern web design technology is used.
February 2000
Native American Navigator Project Pages
This site's stated goal is to provide "easy access to Native American information and organizations, a forum for student discussions and publication of their project work, and tools for Native Amercian research within the networked classroom." It also has an excellent map of the United States. You can click on a region and it will show you a more detailed map. Click again, and it takes you to a links page for that area. Set some time aside to explore this very informative site.
January 2000
~BamaRiver Native American Wisdom~
This is a bit different from the other "Link of the Month" sites I have listed so far. It is a bit smaller and offers a smaller selection of on-page information or links. However, "Bama" offers up some excellent pieces of Native Wisdom. This site is the home of a very enjoyable daily e-mail newsletter. The newsletters usually serve up a daily offering of insights, stories or biographies. It is well worth a visit, and even an application to get their newsletter.
December 1999
Rider's Native Information Exchange
Rider have a very nice site. There are lots of links and information on many different subjects. It also includes information from John Swanton's monumental work on the Indians of North America. These pages have comprehensive information of many tribal groups. Rider has divided it into a different page for each state which is covered. I think you will enjoy a visit to Rider's site.
November 1999
National American Indian & Alaska Native Heritage Month Website
In honor of this event, this site is the Co-Link of the Month. The Indian Health Service has created a page to celebrate this event. They have a nice calendar of events, among other things.
October 1999
Native American Baby Names
Other than questions on genealogy, (which I always refer to the sites on my genealogy links page) the most common question I get from my e-mail is a request to find someone a name. So, here is a site with lots of names from many different tribes. Enjoy!
September 1999
Indigenous Peoples' Literature
Glenn H. Welker has created a very comprehensive site. It includes links to many sites, information on many tribes, biographies on many people, and a very large selection of Native literature. Glenn now has his own address at You can find links to his pages throughout my links pages. Additionaly, he has discussions on ongoing social issues. This is a site well worth visiting!
August 1999
The Indigenous Circle (Website may no longer exist - no archive could be found)
"Ladyscribe" has created a very good links site. It is nicely designed with different subjects on different pages. The topics covered are: Activism, Art, Associations, Dance, Education, Employment, Famous Native Americans, Food, Fun Stuff, Gaming, Gatherings, Genealogy, Government, History, Housing, Languages, Law, Listservers/Newsgroups, Literature, Medicine, Miscellaneous, Music, Nations, Natural Resources, News, Personal Pages, Petitions, Politics, Prisoners, Spirituality, Theatre and Youth.
July 1999
History of the Cherokee - White Indian's Homepage
Ken Martin has put together an excellent site. It is one of the very best Cherokee site on the net, if not THE best. While it specializes in Cherokee history, it also has many other well written articles, maps, pictures, artwork, and genealogical information. It also has an extensive links section on both Cherokee and other American Indian sites. Ken's site is well worth an extended visit.
June 1999
Native Web Site Evaluation
Elaine Cubbins' excellent site with guidelines on evaluating sites for their validity. This is a great place for people exploring "native cultures" on the web to start their search.
May 1999
A Line in the Sand
Cultural property includes not only land and other tangible property, but ideas, traditions, and other non-tangibles. Cultural property belongs to the cultural group, rather than to an individual. As an individual has the right to control use of his/her property, the cultural group has the right to control the use of its property. Not all people recognize cultural property. As a result some individuals will use another group's cultural properties without permission; often that use is offensive to the cultural group, because their property is used in a way that distorts or is disrespectful to the group's beliefs.
March 1999
Historical Documents Archive
Don Mabry, at Mississippi State University, has put together an amazing site. It has numerous links to detailed information on American Indians. Even more, it has TONS of information on lots of different subjects. If you are looking for information, try looking here first.
February 1999
Arctic Circle
This is a very impressive site covering many subject dealing with the land "up north." It has an extensive section on the Indigenous People of the north. This covers "Exploring the past, Colonization, Euro-American Portrayals, Indigenous Response, Ethnographic Portraits." It also covers many other subjects. Give it a visit.
January 1999
American Indian Resources
Maintained by Will Karkavelas, this is a very comprehensive Links site. It is part of the even larger "Multicultural Resources on the Internet." Will has done an excellent job of finding sites and presenting them in an easy to find manner.
December 1998
Envirotext Search Page (Website may no longer exist - no archive could be found)
This site is from EnviroTech On-line. It is a great place to search for information on tribes, treaties, etc. This search engine goes through a massive governmental database. Just type in the subject, check the "Native American" checkboxes, and it will bring you tons of information.
November 1998
Bill's Aboriginal Links
Bill's site was one of the first I found on the Net. It has links to "Aboriginal People" all over the globe. He also has sections on: Human Rights, Environment, Aboriginal Arts, Cultural Links, Aboriginal Law and Legislation. Bill's site is well done and worthy of many hours of your "surfing" time.
October 1998
American Indian Link Exchange (Website may no longer exist - no archive could be found)
Great page, lots of links, artwork (used to be "Native American Who's Hot")
September 1998
NASC: Web links of Interest
Native American Story Circle/Sound Clips, "provides Issues, News, Histories, and a few Stories" - massive lists of links & a prolific newsletter
August 1998
American Indian Ethnobotany Database
food, drugs, dyes & fibers of Native North American Peoples - MASSIVE! -- "Co-Link of the Month"

Medicinal Plants of Native Americans Data Base
a truly massive database listing herbs & plants tribes used for medicinal purposes -- "Co-Link of the Month"
July 1998
an excellent resource
June 1998
NativeTech: Internet Links To Native American Resources
a very comprehensive list of links with detailed descriptions of other sites -- "Co-Link of the Month"

NativeTech: Native American Technology and Art
May 1998
Index of Native American Resources on the Internet
Karen Strom's magnificent list of links & info--Great!
April 1998
Native American Sites
Lisa Mitten's great site with a wide variety of information & links to sites
March 1998
First Nation
JS Dill's massive work with links everywhere
February 1998
Native American Indian Art, Culture, Education, History, Science
The late Paula Giese's great resource center

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Links of the Month - 2008 Through 1998

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since September 4, 2005