Phil Konstantin's 2003 Vacation: Page 2003 C - Lewis and Clark, Nez Perce areas: Lolo, Montana to Salmon, Idaho




Click on any of the pictures to see a larger version of it.




Fort Owen sign. It is near Stevensville, Montana.

This sign speaks for itself. It is on Highway 92, a little south of Lolo.


The area along Highway 93 between Missoula and Hamilton, Montana. The elevation is apporximately 3,200 feet.

Chief Joseph Pass at the juncture of Highwys 93 & 43 on the Montana-Idaho state line.


A snow storm as it approaches the Big Hole National Battlefield (highway 43, east of Highway 93). The elevation is approximately 6,500 feet.

The entry from my book for June 20, 1939: "By Proclamation No. 2339, the president transferred certain lands from the Beaverhead Nation Forest and made them the Big Hole Battlefield National Monument in Montana. This was the site of one of the battles on the Nez Perce flight in 1877."

Click here to see a map of the battlefield
Click here to see a general article about the battle from the National Park Service #1.
Click here to see a general article about the battle from the National Park Service #2.


The entry from my book for August 9, 1877: "During the Nez Perce War, the army was led by Colonel John Gibbon (they had found the remains of Custerís forces after the Battle of the Little Big Horn). Depending on the source, 183 to 191 soldiers started the fight, twenty-nine to thirty-one soldiers were killed, including Captain William Logan and First Lieutenant James Bradley, and forty soldiers were wounded, including Colonel Gibbon. The soldiers today mounted a surprise attack at dawn. The Nez Perce set up eighty-nine teepees in a mountain valley called the Big Hole (west of modern Wisdom, Montana). The soldiers took the upper hand in the fighting early on. When the Nez retreated, the victorious soldiers did not follow. This allowed the Nez Perce to regroup and mount a counterattack. Captain Richard Comba, in charge of the burial detail, reported finding the bodies of eighty-nine Nez Perce on the battleground. Chief Joseph reported his losses as thirty warriors and fifty women and children killed during the fight, which ended the next day. Private Lorenzo D. Brown, Company A, Seventh Infantry, Private Wilfred Clark, Company L, Second Cavalry, First Sergeant William D. Edwards, Company F, Seventh Infantry, musician John McLennon, Company A, Sergeant Patrick Rogan, Company A, and Sergeant Milden Wilson, Company I, would be awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor for their actions."





A visitor to this site, Lorna Hainesworth, was kind enough to merge 5 of my photos into one panoramic view. Thanks Lorna.


This is on the battlefield looking back toward to Visitor Center. The snow has really reduced the visibility.


A view of the North Folk of the Big Hole River that runs through the battlefield.

Back on Highway 93 near Salmon, Idaho. "On their way north searching for a route over Idaho's mountain barrier, Lewis and Clark left this canyon and ascended a high ridge to reach the Bitterroot Valley in early September, 1805. No Indian trail came this way, but Tobe, their experienced Shoshoni guide, got them past the ridge anyway. They had to follow a difficult ridge top divide over peaks more than 1,000 feet higher than this highway. They met some Flathead Indians who surprised them by speaking a language stranger than anything they had ever heard."



The Salmon River.

"In a grove of cottonwoods across the river, Captain B.L.E. Bonneville established a winter fur trade post, September 26, 1832. His fort described by a rival trapper as a miserable establishment consisted of several log cabins, low, badly constructed and admirably situated for besiegers only, who would be sheltered on every side by timber, brush, etc. But several bands of friendly Flathead and Nez Perce Indians camped nearby, and Bonneville fully enjoyed his hunter's life here in the midst of a wild and bustling scene."

Fort Bonneville area...

They are not "politically correct" in Salmon, Idaho.

 

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