December 2009 Newsletter from
"This Day in North American Indian History"
by Phil Konstantin
Copyright © Phil Konstantin (1996-2010)

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Phil Konstantin's December 2009 Newsletter #1


Wow, it has certainly been some time since I last put out a newsletter.
I had plenty of good intentions. Once or twice a week, I almost got one
started. However, things have been very hectic on the home front.

My youngest (Sarah) is now seven months pregnant. We have been
converting my office into a nursery. So, I have been spend quite a bit
of time in dismantling things in the office and finding other places to
put them. Sarah had lots of medical issues before the pregnancy. She
stopped taking most of her various medications in order to not place her
baby at any risk. This leaves her in considerable discomfort, at best.
This has been taking some time.

Next, I am no longer doing traffic reports on San Diego TV. Like most
other businesses, the TV station has been trying to cut it budget. They
found someone who would do my job for less than what I was getting.
Bummer! Rather than just letting me go (which they have done to others),
the station offered me a job as the evening assignment editor. This
involves twice as many hours, for about 30% less money. Lacking anything
else going on right now, I took the job.

These, a few other things, have kept me so busy I have really not had
much to time to dedicate to the newsletter. Sorry about that.

In another matter, someone created a page about me on Wikipedia. For
those of you who are not familiar with Wikipedia, it is an encyclopedia
written by its users. I have contributed almost 250 photos of famous
people and places that I have taken to be used on the website. It
thought the page about me was pretty cool. Evidently, someone else does
not thing I qualify for having a page on the website. If you have some
spare time, I'd appreciate you visiting the page about me, and adding a
comment in the discussion section, assuming you think my having a page
there is appropriate. Here is a direct link, or you can just go to
Wikipedia and search for me by my name (Phil Konstantin):

One more interesting thing. I am a member of the San Diego Cherokee
Community. We had our annual picnic and meeting with the Chief of the
Cherokee Nation in October. The Cherokee Phoenix wrote a nice article
about the event, and about me. I have the links for both of stories

San Diego Cherokee Nation citizen also TV personality

Video: San Diego Cherokees strive to learn culture


Interesting websites:

Settlement Agreement Reached in Cobell v. Salazar (FINALLY!!!)

History Book from the state of Montana. Chapters 1 through 9 have
material on American Indians. To go to the next chapter, at the end of
the address, change the number after each of the two words Chapter.
(Example: change Chapter1/Chapter1.pdf to Chapter2/Chapter2.pdf )

BIA Tribal Contact List



Behind the Scenes: Still Wounded

Inland waters now named ‘Salish Sea’

Jim Thorpe's family vows suit over body buried in Pa.

Collections of Navajo rugs tell stories of life, myth

Divers Probe Mayan Ruins Submerged in Guatemala Lake

‘Lowak Shoppala’ brings history, culture of Chickasaws to life

Buckbrush: A Cherokee source for basketry

Comets Didn't Wipe out Sabertooths, Early Americans?

Southern Ute Tribe invests in making fuel from algae

Fake Cherokee chief gets fed prison time

Tribes claim wind farm would destroy sacred ritual

OPINION | Leonard Peltier statement on parole denial

Trafficking Of Native Women is widespread

Field Class Takes Archaeology Students to Arizona (story & video)

Native Insight Competition Winner: Lurline Wailana McGregor

Riverton agreement with tribe raises concerns

Arvol Looking Horse on the deaths in Sedona

Questioning a ‘commander-in-chief’ for focusing on Indians

Johnson To Head Native DoJ Committee

Ojibwe youth learn their culture hands-on

Digging for Cherokee fort

Obama administration knocks Carcieri ruling

Native American Drug and Gang Initiative fighting crime on Wisc

New Hopes on Health Care for American Indians

Baca: A day to honor Native Americans

Spinning Winter Stories

Letter from America: Thanksgiving

Native Insight Competition Winner: Charles W. Ralston

Native Insight Competition Winner: Methanie Ongtooguk

Wildcat: It’s time to issue a Red Alert

Russell: Political theory according to Tonto

Reviving the language of a vanished tribe

March honors Sand Creek Massacre victims

Native Insight Competition Winner: Harold Frank Jr.

Native Insight Competition Winner: Jacquelyn Dyer

Honoring the legacy of tribal veterans

Yosemite Indians, where did they go?

40th Anniversary of the American Indian Movement and a Vision to come

Statement by the President on Native American Heritage Day

Native Insight Competition Winner: Samantha Johnson

Native Insight Competition Winner: Melissa Tantaquidgeon

Lumbee tribe builds capital, success

Dio Lewis writes about Yosemite camping


Off-reservation Indian gambling raises concerns

The skeleton that the Page Museum doesn’t want you to see

Paiutes and Pinon Trees in Hetch Hetchy

The Paiute and the famous Yosemite tree

Opinion: Abortion debate poisons Indian health bill

Mask of Ira Hayes' face returned to family for burial

The Language of the Yosemite Indians

500 Paiute seek refuge in Hetch Hetchy

Mary Wilson, a Yosemite Miwok Chief?

Yosemite Miwok or Paiute baskets?

Hetch Hetchy Valley; the Native history

Yosemite Icon; Indian woman in photo

Apache tradition needs to be protected

Roche Speaks About Native American History, Current Issues

My Mother used to make Dream catchers

The Canandaigua Fire must be preserved

Pickles Gap to present Native American Christmas

Nuu-chah-nulth win right to sell

In Wyoming, basketball drives reservation’s pride

9th Circuit blocks mining on sacred Shoshone land

NPR: 5th Circuit to hear Native boy's long hair case

Wisconsin Oneidas return to roots in food production

Group seeks designation of sacred landscape

IRS auctioned Crow Creek’s ancestral land for purported back taxes

Crow Creek Sioux Tribe fails to stop IRS land auction

Audit looks at sexual assault against Native women

Arrest in 1981 Cabazon murders revives old mystery

North Dakota seeks dismissal of lawsuit over Sioux nickname

Indians in New Mexico have highest rate of flu deaths

Review: Sherman Alexie reaches out with 'War Dances'

Climate change, drought transforming Navajo’s dunescape to a dust bowl

Hopi hotel showcases tribe's culture

Legislation introduced to end derogatory mascots

US court rejects case about Redskins name patent

Mass Extinction: Why Did Half of N. America's Large Mammals Disappear
40,000 to 10,000 Years Ago?

Nevada city joins effort to protect petroglyphs

Review: Inuit trilogy continues with 'Before Tomorrow'

Quileute Nation won't translate phrase in Twilight

Mohegan Medicine Woman wins $10,000 essay contest

Area petroglyphs being mapped

Tribal violence continues to capture Senate attention

What did Jacob say to Bella? Among Quileutes, mum's the word

Twilight fiction doesn't always jibe with Quileute legend

Some Ute Tribal members seek to halt hatchery

Hopi hotel showcases Arizona tribe’s culture

Comanche Nation agency preserves sacred eagle

Maliseet Chief: Address Maine settlement issues

Hopi election follows year of turmoil and controversy

Climate workshop stresses sustainability, indigenous knowledge

Lynne Harlan: Eastern Cherokees fight for culture

Apaches request Interior NAGPRA review

Column: Native language revived on city's streets

Military ranges keep artifacts untouched

Obama: US must reverse course with Indians

Alan Parker: Recognized for uniting traditional knowledge and scientific

Yellow Bird: Changes on Fort Berthold Reservation

Native American Tribe Has Highest Rate of Adult Onset Diabetes Worldwide

Thousands celebrate 40th anniversary of Alcatraz occupation

President's closing remarks from Tribal Nations Conference

Mexican gangs blamed for crime on reservations

Obama giving Texas tribe hope for compensation -Congress hasn't acted on
court's 2002 recommendation to pay Alabama-Coushattas $270.6 million.

Tester gets commitment to shorten tribal recognition timeline

Council resolution condemns exploiters of sweat lodges

Ceremony held for white buffalo at Pa. resort home

Justice Department refuses to investigate Freedmen matter

'Rezballers' hold nothing back on the court

Interior says not enough evidence to recognize Little Shell Tribe

BIA, tribal police dispatched to Cheyenne-Arapaho Complex

Native Sun: Indian gaming and tribal sovereignty

Tim Giago: 'Culturecide' began in Indian Country

Tim Giago: Tribal governments and democracies

Tim Giago: Can ceremonies save Sioux people?

DOI disbursed $765M to Indian trust beneficiaries

Group fights sacred site protection in New Mexico

Opinion: Chamorro people need tribal recognition

Melvin Martin: A taboo subject in Indian Country

Wall Street Now Home To American Indian Firm

Mexico Indian remains returned from NY for burial

Native American Tribe Creates Prized Baskets

Buffalo Post: Fox anchor owes apology to Indians

Steve Russell: Tribes stronger standing together

New archaeology views Native scholarships as part of a major change

Review: Rise and fall of the Horse Nation at NMAI


Traditional southwestern basket-making

Tribe Challenges Tejon Ranch Corporation Development

Oglala Lakota Medicine Man...

RezStyle - Kimberlie Acosta talks with Doug George about border control
on Akwesasne (Mohawk Nation)

Yosemite Archaeology and Paiute Indians

Tinsel Korey sings "Never Think"

Sioux dance 1894


"Heart of the Basket Maker" Unveiled

Navajo Code Talker Veterans


Some U.S. lawmakers welcome government settlement to the historic Indian
trust lawsuit
Cherokee man to publicly apologize for selling bear gall bladders from
tribal lands in North Carolina
Nez Perce Tribe to deliver 700,000 salmon eggs to fish hatchery in
Oregon to help restore salmon runs
Colorado tribal leader says it's up to tribes to push Congress for
continued diabetes funding


(Visit or support at your own risk. These are only posted as FYI.)

AIS Christmas crafts bazaar
December 12, 2009, 10 AM – 5 PM
The Church of St. Clement Episcopal
1701 N. Quaker Lane, Alexandria, VA


The Lakota Sioux Angel Tree you select a child, the volunteers will send
you information on the child and gifts are sent directly to the child.
Go to click on Angel Tree and then click on Angel Tree
within the text. Select a child, send an email with your selection they
will email the information to you.

For the Cherokee Nation Tree you have 2 options send a toy or make a
monetary donation. The information on the Cherokee Nation Angel Tree is

May a child happy this Christmas and try to participate in one or the
other. Thank you and Happy Holidays, Merry Christmas, Happy Winter
Solistice, Happy Hannukah.

Kenny Hayes

Want to donate to the Angel Tree?

Since there are those that live out of town, and cannot get to the
Cherokee Nation to pick up an angel, here are some points to note and
general items that are always welcome:
• Children age ranges from 0-17 (please don't forget the teens)
• Good used/new Clothes in all sizes
• Games, toys, small electronics (CD players, etc.)
• Monetary donations are accepted as well.
In the spirit of Gadugi (Working Together), we ask for your sponsorship
and donations. The gifts you give are truly appreciated as they may be
the only gifts these children may get.
If you would like to send us a monetary donation, please send us a
personal check (no cash) and mail that to:

Cherokee Nation Angel Tree
PO Box 948
Tahlequah, OK 74465

For those that would like to send gifts, please have them unwrapped (we
will handle that), and mail them to:

Cherokee Nation Angel Tree
22361 Bald Hill Rd
Tahlequah, OK 74464

We ask that you mark everything with a designation that it is for the
Cherokee Nation Angel Tree.

For More Information, Please Call (918) 453-5000 ext. 7720 or (918)

If you know of someone who is in need of help this holiday, please read
the following for more information about getting their name added to the
Angel Tree:

Cherokee Nation Angel Tree Infomation


Information on Prayer Ceremony, "Hemblaca" and location of Camp for

Dear Tribal Leader,

By now, you have read that IRS auctioned off 7100 acres of land owned by
the Crow Creek Farm, a Corporation under the Crow Creek Sioux Tribe. IRS
sold the land to pay for employment taxes unpaid by the Tribe after the
Tribe was informed by a BIA official (erroneous advice) that they did
not have to pay taxes because the Tribe was a federally recognized
sovereign nation.. The Tribe was negotiating a loan at the time IRS
auctioned the land.

Chairman Brandon Sazue and the Tribe are setting up Camp on the Land and
Chairman Sazue will "Hemblaca" (Fast and Pray) for "as long as it

I am receiving many e-mails from people who wish to help. In case you
wish to travel to Crow Creek to Pray and support the Crow Creek Sioux,
the location is below.

Chairman Sazue states: "I am now marking the spot,"SIOUX LAND IS NOT FOR
SALE", 2 miles west of the CrowCreek High school ( HWY 34 )." The land
is located North of Ft.Thompson, on highway 34, west of Stephan (
CrowCreek High School ). Between Stephan and the BigBend District.Maybe
5 or so miles west of Stephan on highway 34.

It is Winter and the Temperature in central SD is bitterly cold with
expected highs around 0 to 5 degrees only. The wind can blow on the
Prairie, creating even more extreme severe cold. Those who enter into
Hemblaca (Prayer offering and sacrifice) will give all that they have
to the Creator, for the land is not for sale. The Tribe has no money or
riches to give to the Creator, just themselves to offer. The Crow Creek
reservation is on the poorest County in the United States. How does one
explain the true meaning of what our land where our ancestors lay, means
to us as Sioux People? In this day of greed ("wasinicu" takes the fat!)
and the Me generation, there is no way to relate our feeling for our
land     Your Prayers are appreciated.

Please join in Prayer!
A. Gay Kingman

Buffalo Field Campaign
P.O. Box 957
West Yellowstone, Montana 59758
Phone: 406-646-0070
Fax: 406-646-0071

"Buffalo Battle" Airs on Discovery's Planet Green December 5

FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE - December 1, 2009
Stephany Seay, Buffalo Field Campaign 406-646-0070, bfc-media @
Mike Mease, Buffalo Field Campaign, 406-646-0070, mease @

WEST YELLOWSTONE, MONTANA: On Saturday, December 5 at 10pm EST,
Discovery Channel's Planet Green will air Buffalo Battle, a one-hour
television documentary on the plight of America's only continuously wild
bison population and the work of Buffalo Field Campaign.

Buffalo Battle captures the ongoing war against wild bison and the
conflict between bison advocates, government agencies and Montana's
cattle industry as wild bison follow their seasonal migratory instincts
from the high country of Yellowstone National Park into the state of
Montana. State and federal agencies - including Yellowstone National
Park and the Montana Department of Livestock - spend millions of federal
dollars to enforce Montana's intolerance for native bison. Government
agents have killed more than 3,600 wild bison since 2000.

"We are very excited for the opportunity to bring the buffalo's plight
into the living rooms of so many Americans," said Mike Mease, Campaign
Coordinator with Buffalo Field Campaign, "Buffalo Battle will allow
viewers to experience the buffalo's mistreatment firsthand, learn about
the forces behind the slaughter, and take part in efforts to protect the
bison and their habitat."

Matthew Testa, creator of the award-winning 2001 documentary The Buffalo
War, is the executive producer of Buffalo Battle. Testa and his film
crew spent weeks in the field with Buffalo Field Campaign, interviewing
activists, government agencies, and local ranchers while witnessing
first-hand the continuing struggle wild buffalo face on their native

"I'm fascinated and inspired by the dedication of Buffalo Field Campaign
volunteers," said Matt Testa, executive producer of Buffalo Battle.
"BFC is a diverse group and everyone has a unique story about how they
came to join the cause. No matter where you stand on the buffalo issue,
I think these volunteers show us that anyone can take a stand for what
they believe in. And when you add lots of action, a beautiful setting,
and a controversial animal issue in our crown jewel National Park that
many Americans don't know about, it makes for great television."

For thirteen years Buffalo Field Campaign volunteers have come from all
over the nation and around the globe, withstanding one of the most
inhospitable climates in the Lower 48 states to stand on the front lines
in defense of wild bison. Buffalo Field Campaign is a comprehensive
source of news and information on the bison issue, documenting all
actions made against wild bison and advocating for their right to roam.

Buffalo Field Campaign video footage and photographs were used in the
production of Buffalo Battle.

For more information, video clips and photos visit       


The Member's Choice Awards are a way for us to recognize
excellence for events, dancers, and singers for this past year.

Nominations are now open. The nominations are open until December 31,

Please consider the contributions and actions of the nominees for just
the year 2009.

The top 5 from each category will be placed in a poll starting January
1, 2010. Voting on these categories will end on January 31, 2010.

2009 Member's Choice Awards

Native American veterans sought for ‘Words of War’ project
By Gale Courey Toensing

Story Published: Nov 6, 2009

Story Updated: Nov 6, 2009

Survey link:

BOSTON – An anthropology professor at the University of Massachusetts
Boston is inviting Native American veterans to participate in an
anonymous online survey to track the relationships between Native
American history, colonial wars, and U.S. military language in conflicts
of the last 50 years.

Professor Steve Silliman of the university’s Department of Anthropology,
said the project, called “Terms of Engagement: Understanding the Words
of War,” is designed to study how military personnel use figures of
speech to explain, describe, or get through times of conflict.

“We are interested in knowing how often certain phrases – such as those
that refer to “the Wild West,” “Indian country,” or “cowboys and
Indians” – were used in particular wars, who used them, and when. Many
have studied the larger contexts of war or have made assumptions about
those who fight in them, but few have studied directly the experiences
and words of those who participate in the military and how these relate
to Native American history and culture today. We want to hear directly
from the soldiers and officers themselves about their experiences,”
Silliman said.

Native American veterans or active personnel who have served in the U.S.
Armed Forces from the 1960s onward can access and complete the survey

The survey should take between 10 and 15 minutes to complete, depending
on the level of detail the participant wishes to provide.

Participation in the survey is completely voluntary and anonymous.
Silliman is encouraging participants to complete the survey online since
it will be faster and will save paper and postage costs, but
participants may request paper versions by sending an e-mail to
thewordsofwar @

Participants may choose at the end of the survey to be contacted for a
follow-up interview, but this step is completely optional and entirely

Participation is “so important,” Silliman said, “so that we may gather
as much information as possible on the diversity or consistency of
military language from the people who use it. The more responses we
receive, the more representative our survey will be.”

The information collected from the survey will be analyzed by University
of Massachusetts Boston researchers and will not be published or
presented in a way that would allow anyone to identify the individual
participants. The project researchers have no affiliation, funding, or
contract with the U.S. government.


The Society for American Archaeology (SAA) is pleased to announce the
following 2010 scholarships:

SAA Native American Graduate Archaeology Scholarship
To support graduate studies for Native American students, including but
not limited to tuition, travel, food, housing, books, supplies,
equipment, and child care (up to $10,000).

SAA Native American Undergraduate Archaeology Scholarship
To support undergraduate studies for Native American students, including
but not limited to tuition, travel, food, housing, books, supplies,
equipment, and child care (up to $5,000).

SAA Arthur C. Parker Scholarship or NSF Scholarship for Archaeological
Training to support archaeological training or a research program for
Native American students or employees of tribal cultural preservation
programs (up to $4,000).

These scholarships are intended for current students—high school
seniors, college undergraduates, and graduate students—and personnel of
Tribal or other Native cultural preservation programs. High school
students must be currently enrolled as seniors to be eligible.
Undergraduates and graduate students must be enrolled in an accredited
college or university. These scholarships are open to all Native peoples
from anywhere in the Americas, Alaska Natives, Native Hawaiians, and
Indigenous Pacific Islanders.

The application form is available online at:
The complete application must be received by DECEMBER 15. A single email
with all the application materials attached must be emailed to: nasf @

If you have questions about these scholarships or you need help with
locating a field school or other training program, please contact the
Society for American Archaeology at: telephone +1 (202) 789-8200; fax +1
(202) 789-0284; or email Your questions will be relayed to
someone who can assist you.


Here are some random historical events for December:

December 1, 524: Palenque Maya Lord Chaacal I dies according to the
museum at Palenque.

December 2, 1794: A treaty (7 stat. 47) is concluded with the Oneida,
Tuscarora, and Stockbridge Indians, at Oneida, New York. The treaty is a
gesture of thanks for the tribes help during the Revolutionary war. They
receive $5000 for damages suffered during the war. Grist and saw mills
are built, and salary for their workers are provided for three years.
They receive $1000 to build a church. No further claims are made by the
tribes. The treaty is signed by Thomas Pickering for the United States,
and by eleven Indians.

December 3, 1598: Juan de Zaldivar "discovers" the Acoma.

December 4, 1833: Twenty-one Chickasaw Chiefs arrive at Fort Towson, in
eastern Indian Territory (present day Oklahoma). They assess the lands
the United States wants them to move to when they are removed from
Alabama. Meeting with local Choctaws about buying land from them proves
to be unfruitful.

December 5, 1855: The Columbia River volunteers, under Nathan Olney, are
near Fort Walla Walla, in southeastern Washington, when they encounter
Pio-pio-mox-mox's (Yellow Serpent) band of WallaWallas. Pio has looted
the Hudson Bay Company's Fort Walla Walla, but he has always been
neutral or helped the Americans in the past. He advanced under a flag of
truce and wanted to return the booty. But an agreement cannot be
reached. Pio refuses to fight, and Olney's men take Pio, and four
others, prisoners.

December 6, 1866: Red Cloud, Crazy Horse, Yellow Eagle, and High Back
Bone, and their followers, have been harassing Colonel Henry
Carrington's troops from Fort Phil Kearny, in northern Wyoming. They
stage several raids and ambushes along the road from the fort to the
nearby woods. Colonel Carrington leads his troops in some of the
fighting. Several soldiers are killed in the fighting. Carrington is
called "Little White Chief" by the Indians. This skirmish sets the stage
for the "Fetterman Massacre" on December 21, 1866.

December 7, 1868: Sheridan and Custer leave Camp Supply (Oklahoma)
leading 1,600 soldiers and 300 supply wagons. They are en route to Fort
Cobb. It is primarily meant as a show of force to the local Indians. It
proves the army can march during the winter months.

December 8, 1818: Secretary of War John C. Calhoun presents a report to
the House of Representatives. Among the report’s proposals are: tribes
should no longer be treated as sovereign nations; Indians should be
saved from extinction; and Indians should be taught the correctness of
the concept of land ownership.

December 9, 1861: Colonel Douglas Cooper, again encounters the pro-Union
Creeks and Seminoles, under Chief Opothleyahola, in a battle on Bird
Creek, north of Tulsa. Many of his Cherokee troops, under John Drew,
defect and join the pro-Union forces. Cooper withdraws to Fort Gibson.
This is often called the "Battle of Chusto-Talasah," or the "Battle of
Caving Banks."

December 10, 1850: Federal agents sign a treaty with the Lipan Apache,
Caddo, Comanche, Quapaw, Tawakoni and Waco Indians near the San Sabá
River in Texas.   

December 11, 1833: Captain Page, and almost 700 Choctaws, reach their
destination at Fort Towson, in eastern Indian Territory (present day
Oklahoma). The others in the group have split off and gone to Fort

December 12, 1531: According to most sources, Juan Diego
(Cuauhtlatoatzin), a Nahua, sees the apparition of the Virgin Mary on a
hill called Tepeyacac in Mexico again. He first saw her on December 9th.
According to Juan Diego, the Virgin Mary instructs him to carry some
roses in his macehualli (a cloak) to the local Bishop as proof of her
appearance. When the macehualli is opened before the Bishop, an image of
the Virgin Mary appears on the cloak among the rose petals. The
macehualli is still on display in the church (Our Lady of Guadalupe)
built to honor the event.

You can see a copy of my photo of it on this page:

December 13, 1640: A deed for Indian land is signed in New England. It
says, "It is agreed that the Indians above named shall have liberty to
break up ground for their use to the westward of the creek on the west
side of Shinecock plaine." In town meeting, 1641: "It is agreed that any
person that hath lotts up on Shinecocke playne in which there are any
Indian Barnes or wells lying shall fill them up."

December 14, 1763: A band of almost five dozen frontiersmen, called "the
Paxton Boys," attack a peaceful Susquehanna Indian village in Conestoga,
Pennsylvania. They kill eight of the twenty-two inhabitants in this
unprovoked raid. "The Boys" continue their rampage during the next two

December 15, 1890: Sitting Bull is killed while being arrested at Fort
Yates, South Dakota by Eighth Cavalry soldiers and Indian police, near
Standing Rock on the Grand River in Montana.. Thirty-nine police
officers and four volunteers were assembled to arrest Sitting Bull.
Before it was all done, over 100 of Sitting Bull’s supporters arrived at
the scene. Several people are injured or killed in the subsequent
fighting. According to army documents, four soldiers and eight Indians
are killed. Three soldiers are wounded. Later this week, the editor of
the "Aberdeen Saturday Pioneer," writes a editorial about Sitting Bull.
One of the passages is as follows: "The proud spirit of the original
owners of these vast prairies inherited through centuries of fierce and
bloody wars for their possession, lingered last in the bosom of Sitting
Bull. With his fall the nobility of the Redskin is extinguished, and
what few are left are a pack of whining curs who lick the hand that
smites them. The Whites, by law of conquest, by justice of civilization,
are masters of the American continent, and the best safety of the
frontier settlements will be secured by the total annihilation of the
few remaining Indians." The author of this editorial is L. Frank Baum,
best known as the author of "The Wizard of Oz."

December 16, 1811: The New Madrid earthquake takes place on the
Mississippi River around 2:30 am. Many tribes tell tales of this event
for generations. Many people say that Tecumseh predicted this

December 17, 1890: Sitting Bull and the police killed during his arrest
are buried with honor. Today, members of the Hunkpapa Sioux arrive at
Big Foot's camp of Minneconjou Sioux seeking refuge. However, today will
also see the issuing of an arrest warrant for Big Foot, himself, for his
part as a "trouble maker" in the ghost dance religion.

December 18, 1892: Congress approve a monthly pension of thirty dollars
for Lemhi Chief Tendoy.

December 19, 1980: Chaco Canyon (New Mexico) is officially designated as
the "Chaco Culture National Historic Park." It is the home of many
Anazasi ruins.

December 20, 1812: Sacajawea dies at Fort Manuel, South Dakota,
according to some sources.

December 21, 1866: Red Cloud, Crazy Horse, Yellow Eagle, and High Back
Bone, and their followers, have been harassing Colonel Henry
Carrington's Second Cavalry and Twenty-seventh Infantry troops from Fort
Phil Kearny, in northern Wyoming. They stage several raids and ambushes
along the road from the fort to the nearby woods. Captain William J.
Fetterman had once said. "a company of regulars could whip a thousand,
and a regiment could whip the whole array of hostile tribes." A convoy
of wagons carrying wood leaves the fort. It is attacked by a decoy group
of Indians. Following up on his claim that he "could ride through the
Sioux Nation" with just eighty men, Fetterman pursues the decoying
Indians away from the fort. Here the Indians’ trap is sprung.
Fetterman’s entire force of three officers, forty-seven infantry,
twenty-seven cavalry and two civilians are killed in the fighting. The
soldiers call this the "Fetterman Massacre." The Indians call it the
"Battle of the Hundred Killed."

December 22, 1898: President McKinley, by Executive Order establishes
the Hualapai Indian School Reserve for the purpose of educating the
Hualapai Indians in Arizona Territory. The reserve is in section 10,
township 23 north, range 13 west.

December 23, 1855: White volunteers surround a "friendly" Rogue River
Indian village they had visited the day before. The village is mostly
unarmed. The whites attack, and nineteen Indian men are killed. The
women and children are driven into the cold. The survivors arrive at
Fort Lane, in southwestern Oregon, with severe frostbite, and frozen

December 24, 2012: One interpretation of the Maya calendar predicts
today will be the end of world or the present creation.

December 25, 1839: After the defeat at the Battle of the Neches on July
16, 1839, Cherokees under Chief "The Egg" attempts to escape to Mexico.
They make it as far as the Colorado River, before they meet resistance.
Colonel Edward Burleson leading Texan and Tonkawa forces engage them in
a fight. Seven Cherokee warriors are killed, and twenty-four women and
children are captured. Among the dead is The Egg.

December 26, 1862: The thirty-eight Santee Sioux condemned for their
actions in the "Santee Uprising" are hanged at Mankato, Minnesota. This
is the largest mass hanging in American History.

December 27, 1875: President Grant, by Executive Order, establishes
reservations for the Portrero, Cahuila, Capitan Grande, Santa Ysabel,
Pala, Agua Caliente, Sycuan, Inasa, and Cosmit Mission Indians primarily
in San Diego County, California. This order is modified on: May 3, 1877;
August 25, 1877; September 29, 1877; January 17, 1880; March 2, 1881;
March 9, 1881; June 27, 1882; July 24, 1882; February 5, 1883; June 19,
1883; January 25, 1886; March 22, 1886; January 29, 1887; March 14,
1887; and May 6, 1889.    

1952: Phil Konstantin, author of these pages and a member of the
Cherokee Nation of Oklahoma, is born. Thanks, Mom and Dad!

December 28, 1520: According to some sources, Hernán Cortés and his army
start their second excursion to Tenochtitlán (modern Mexico City) from
Tlascala, Mexico. This time they have made and bring a group of small
boats to use on the lake surrounding the city.

December 29, 1890: The Wounded Knee Battle or Massacre (depending on
which version you read) takes place. According to army records, one
officer (Captain G.D. Wallace), twenty-four soldiers (including Captain
G.D. Wallace), and 128 Indians are killed. Thirty-five soldiers, and
thirty-three Indians are wounded in the fighting.The army will give
Congressional Medals of Honor to the following soldiers: Sergeant
William G. Austin, for "using every effort to dislodge the enemy";
Company E musician John E. Clancy: "twice voluntarily rescued wounded
comrades under fire of the enemy"; Private Mosheim Feaster, Company E,
for "extraordinary gallantry"; First Lieutenant Ernest A. Garlington for
"distinguished gallantry"; First Lieutenant John C. Gresham for leading
an attack into a ravine; Sergeant Richard P. Hanley, Company C, for
recovering a pack mule loaded with ammunition, while under heavy fire;
Private Joshija B. Hartzog, Company E, First Artillery, for rescuing his
wounded commander while under heavy fire; Second Lieutenant Harry L.
Hawthorne, Second Artillery, for distinguished conduct; Private Marvin
C. Hillock, Company B, for distinguished bravery; Private George Hobday,
Company A, for conspicuous and gallant conduct; Sergeant George Loyd,
Company I, for bravery, especially after being severely wounded through
the lung; Sergeant Albert McMillian, Company E, for leading by example;
Private Thomas Sullivan, Company E, for conspicuous bravery; First
Sergeant Frederick Toy, Company C, for bravery; First Sergeant Jacob
Trautman, Company I, for "killing a hostile Indian at close quarters"
and remaining with the troops even though he was entitled to retire;
Sergeant James Ward, Company B, for fighting after being severely
wounded; Corporal Paul Weinert, Company E, for assuming command of his
artillery piece when his officer was wounded; and Private Hermann
Ziegner, Company E, for conspicuous bravery.

December 30, 1950: A Constitution and By-Laws for the Eskimos of the
Native Village of Buckland, Alaska is ratified by a vote of 17 to 13

December 31, 1590: Spaniard Gaspar Castaño de Sosa is exploring the area
of what is now New Mexico. A few days ago, several men in his group have
a fight with some of the residents of the Pecos Pueblo. Sosa’s main body
reaches the pueblo. There is a brief fight, and Sosa takes some of the
Indians captive. Sosa would later return to the pueblo and get a better


That's it for this newsletter, although, I am sure I will think of
something else as soon as I send this out.

End of Phil Konstantin's December 2009 Newsletter #1

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Four of the five books I have worked on. I either wrote, co-wrote, or contributed to each of these beeks

This is the cover to my first book. 
Click here to got more info, or to order a copy. Click on the cover to order a copy or to get more info.
This Day in North American Indian History
This Day in North American Indian History is a one-of-a-kind, vastly entertaining and informative book covering over 5000 years of North American Indian history, culture, and lore. Wide-ranging, it covers over 4,000 important events involving the native peoples of North America in a unique day-by-day format.

The thousands of entries in This Day in North American Indian History weave a compelling and comprehensive mosaic of North American Indian history spanning more than five millennia-every entry an exciting opening into the fascinating but little- known history of American Indians.

Over 100 photographs and illustrations - This book has 480 pages, weighs 2.2 pounds and is 8" by 9.5" in size. The Dates, Names and "Moons" section of these pages are based on the book.

This is the cover to my 4th book. 
Click here to got more info, or to order a copy or to get more info.
This is the cover to my 4th book. Click here to got more info, or to order a copy or to get more info."

Native American History For Dummies

I wrote six of the twenty-four chapters in this book. I am credited with being the technical editor. Book Description:
Native American History For Dummies introduces readers to the thousand-year-plus history of the first inhabitants of North America and explains their influence on the European settlement of the continent. Covering the history and customs of the scores of tribes that once populated the land, this friendly guide features vivid studies of the lives of such icons as Pocahontas, Sitting Bull, and Sacagawea; discusses warfare and famous battles, offering new perspectives from both battle lines; and includes new archaeological and forensic evidence, as well as oral histories that show events from the perspective of these indigenous peoples. The authors worked in concert with Native American authorities, institutions, and historical experts to provide a wide range of insight and information.
This is the cover to my 3rd book. 
Click here to got more info, or to order a copy or to get more info.
This is the cover to my 3rd book. Click here to got more info, or to order a copy or to get more info
Treaties With American Indians I wrote an article and several appendix items for this book.
Clips from a review on *Starred Review* In the 93 years from 1778 until 1871, there were more than 400 treaties negotiated by Indian agents and government officials. Editor Fixico and more than 150 contributors have crafted a three volume comprehensive tool that will soon become essential for anyone interested in the topic. A resource section with lists of ?Alternate Tribal Names and Spellings,? ?Tribal Name Meanings,? (<---- I wrote this part) Treaties by Tribe,? and ?Common Treaty Names? and a bibliography and comprehensive index are repeated in each volume. This impressive set has a place in any academic library that supports a Native American studies or American history curriculum. It is the most comprehensive source of information on Canadian-Indian treaties and U.S.-Indian treaties. Also available as an e-book.

"The Wacky World of Laws"
It was just released in May 2009.
The Wacky World of Laws. Click on the cover to order a copy or to get more info.

The Wacky World of Laws is a compilation of U.S. and International Laws that are out of the ordinary. With the U.S. churning out 500,000 new laws every year and 2 million regulations annually, this book is the ideal go-to book fro everyone who wants a good laugh at the expense of our legal system. Law so often can be boring! Now with The Wacky World of Laws, you can be the hit of any water cooler conversation, and amaze your friends with precious legal nuggets.

I wrote most of this book. It is my fifth book.

(copyright, © Phil Konstantin, 2010)

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since September 4, 2005