December 2008 Newsletter from
"This Day in North American Indian History"
by Phil Konstantin
Copyright © Phil Konstantin (1996-2010)

Click Here To Return To The Previous Website

Start of Phil Konstantin's December 2008 Newsletter -


Well, I took American Indian Heritage month off. Not really, but it
sounds good, doesn't it.

I'm had quite a few projects I have been working on, add a bit of
laziness to that and you have some of the real reasons for there
not being a November newsletter.

Our Cherokee group here in San Diego continues to meet. We
keep trying to bring more information to the folks here in San
Diego. Our next meeting is December 14th. If you know any
Cherokees in this part of the country (or people who are
interested in Cherokees, please tell them they are welcome.
Dinner is on us this month. Our webiste is:



Link of the Month: December 2008

Internet Sacred Text Archive.

Their posting says:

"A long-standing problem with this section (and several others at this
site relating to traditional peoples' spiritual beliefs) has been the
of authoritative information. We are in the process of expanding this
section by scanning public domain ethnographic accounts on specific
Native American religious and spiritual practices. We are fortunate that

there is a wealth of such material available, which makes it so much
more puzzling why more of it is not on the Internet yet."

Native American religion, mythology and folklore are covered extensively

at this site:
Aztecs, Californian, Inuit, Maya, Iroquois, Cherokee, Navajo, Zuñi, Hopi


Treaty of the Month:

Dec. 20, 1837, | 7 Stat., 547. | Proclamation, July 2, 1838.

It covered such matters as:
"Fifty cents per acre to be retained, etc.
A location to be reserved for said tribe, etc.
The United States not obliged to advance the money required by 5th
article, treaty 14th Jan., 1837.
Parts of treaty of 14th Jan., 1837, abrogated.
Division of payments due certain chiefs.
Expenses to be paid of this and prior negotiations."

You can find a copy here:


Request from a newsletter reader
(Please respond to her directly)

Hi, my name is Katie. I am a member of the Cowlitz Indian tribe and
years ago I took a class on Pacific Coast Native Art. I have been
trying to remember the name of the art that consists of the usage of
animals and is often used as a selling vehicle for some of the
Washington tribes that sell salmon. It is usually done with black and
red and may at times have other colors. I have looked up the art, but
no one gives the name of the art itself. Often it is used with the
totem poles, pots and even some basketry. I am working on a book that
is going to highlight the talents of Native Americans from the United
States. It will include artist, writers and etc. I just feel that there
is a need for others to understand that the Native Americans have so
much to offer and that we are more or less the forgotten. It is going
to be an uplifting book, with the focus on the Native American's
importance in today's world.

I am also looking for any support with written material,( not financial
from any Native Americans.
Thanks for taking the time to read this.     Katie

willywumpus @ centurytel . net


Videos or TV programs:

Miracle, the Sacred White Buffalo, and the prophecy is shared in a neat
video of the white animals which have appeared on earth since she was


"We Shall Remain" PBS to Air 350 Years of History from Native American


Sherman Alexie on The Colbert Report



These are being presented as the opinions of their authors. I do not
necessarily agree with them. However, I do believe they might be
educational as to what people out there are thinking. Use your own
judgement as to how accurate they may be.


"Mohawk Nation News"

MNN. Dec. 3, 2008. The vermin have come out of the woodwork. Now that
Canada’s Parliament has been suspended, it should now be obvious to
everyone, Canada is not a democracy. It never was. It is a colony that
has a single person, the Queen, sitting on top as the head of state.

It’s been run for the benefit of a few business interests. It only
pretends to protect the people.

Canada has no land base as Ongwehonwe never gave up anything. Turtle
Island and its resources belong to us.   

On December 4th 2008 Canada’s Parliament was “prorogued”. In other
words, the pretense of representative government of the colony was
dissolved. Prime Minister, Stephen Harper presented a bogus budget to
Parliament. He wanted to cut corporate taxes, slash social, education
and health programs. He even wanted to cut off the election subsidies
to the parties. It was outrageous. He knew it would be rejected. His
party was outnumbered. Next Monday, December 8th, he would have had to
face a vote of “non-confidence”, lose and then step down. Then another
election would have been called with just about the same result as the
last one. Harper would have had another minority government.   
Canadians have spoken. They don’t him to have too much power.

The other parties, the Liberals, New Democratic and Bloc Quebec, decided
to form a coalition, which was legal according to their colonial
structure. It made sense. It followed Canadian cultural precedent. It
has to have been anticipated by Harper and whoever pulls his strings.
What was the real plan? The Governor General of Canada, Michaele Jean,
had been sent to Europe to be near whoever pulls the strings of her
boss, Queen Elizabeth. The Governor General was called back “suddenly”
to fulfill this colonial metaphor about being a single head of state,
the “maharajah” who reigns over her subjects in Canada. Harper asked
the Governor General to discontinue Parliament for eight weeks [or
“Prorogue” means to discontinue meetings of parliament without
dissolving it. In other words, it’s a dictatorship. The Prime Minister
can indefinitely extend his term of office if he can create the “need”
for it. It was a measure meant to take care of emergencies – like war.
It was not meant to allow a prime minister to assume dictatorial power,
or to do an end run around the discussions that should take place when
people living in widely separate places with different needs have to
work together. Canada’s chaotic state is a sign that differences are
coming out and their system cannot deal with it.

During this time Harper does either as he’s told or as he pleases
according to the secret clique that’s pushing him. In the meantime,
Harper has set up meetings across Canada to rile up the people into a
frenzy of anger, pitting everybody against each other. His remarks
about the people in Quebec have been particularly offensive and meant to
start fights. Is he trying to break up Canada? Or is he just trying to
create a “pretext” for martial law? Is it a coincidence that the
military conducted exercises to prepare for this eventuality just two
weeks ago? Why have there been so many problems lately with the police
who are freely killing, shooting and assaulting innocent people? This
has been happening everywhere involving city police, provincial police,
RCMP, CBSA and CSIS [secret service]. Are they trying to normalize

It’s been called an “economic crisis”. Then what’s the excuse for
setting up a totalitarian regime? Unless the time has come for someone
to cash in! Should Harper and his “counsel of foreign advisors” decide
that the situation has gotten “out of hand”, he could maintain martial
law indefinitely. This would give him time to bring everybody and
everything under control. His backers can then “take the money and
As it stands Harper can be sent around the world to make deals to sell
off our resources, and then pocket the money. Who can stop him? It’s
time for people to do some serious thinking about the real meaning of
“democracy”. There has to be some real consultation with the people,
which he doesn’t want.

Canada’s “pseudo democracy” is dangerous. It lets a single person take
dictatorial control to sell off resources without regard for the welfare
of the people. We would like to suggest to Canadians that it is time
for them to take a serious look at the Great Law of Peace, a tried and
proven model that shows how people can work together without having a
leader or head of state. It shows how differences of opinion are turned
into strengths that contribute to a solution that benefits everyone.   

Today Canadians are groping to be saved. It is totally absurd that
someone in England can rule Onowaregeh, Turtle Island, through their
nominee, the “prime minister”. Equality failed for the colonists
because in their hierarchical system they want a “prime” minister,
governor general, queen or a Don to sit on top and dictate to everybody.
In the beginning the colonists looked at our Great Law constitution and
tried to create a model with some of the principles of equality and
everyone having a voice. It did not work because of their refusing to
create a balance of power.   

The colonizers have no choice but to see the land our way if they want
to save themselves. Today there is no caretaking as access to our
resources is being dictated by outsiders who represent the colonizers,
who want to dig out everything and cart it away, leaving us to cope with
the toxic waste. Colonizers will not find balance as long as they have
imperial thinking that uses a single person as “head of state” or a CEO
to run the corporation.

The megalomaniacs think they can control the world and do anything they
please with impunity. It’s based on mathematical formulas where only a
few people are in control and get the benefits. The psychotics separate
themselves from the people and the natural environment.   This
cannibalistic structure is being shaken.     

It is supposedly the international position that everyone is a custodian
of the land. What is the reality? The whole economy of Canada and the
U.S. has been based on greed and expansion for the business viability
for a few. New technology pushes this idea along. In the long run this
can’t work because we are not looking after our mother as one earth
where we all have to stay rooted. So it’s coming to an end. We have
lots of challenges.   We have to learn how to achieve balance and a way
of life that respects us, our land and everything on it. The bosses of
the colonizers must be forced to let go of their greed. Is this

As it looks, the Queen and the oligarchs have no further use for their
colonists here in their present state. They used their natural energies
and labor to build something false for themselves. They controlled
their minds. In fact, they enslaved them and took all the products for
themselves. Now they are taking them to a new level of bondage. Canada
has expired as they thought they knew it. We Ongwehonwe were spared
because we always resisted. So all they got from us was our resources.
We still have our minds and our basic relations with the land and with
each other.

Stephen Harper can do whatever he pleases because he is being protected
by?- the “mob”? It’s obvious he does not care about the decaying
infrastructure or crumbling programs that are falling apart. They were
always meant to be short term until they finished taking what they

The squabbling colonists and their puppeteers have to get off our backs.
They have to go back to the original relationship with us as the owners
of the land and the colonizers as our “visitors”.

The North American Union NAU is the next totalitarian step. The
oligarchs are going to amalgamate the land of the Indigenous people of
the colonial entities of Mexico, U.S. and Canada. They want a free flow
of commerce to benefit a few capitalists. They want to tighten their
grip on the people and get rid of human rights. Everybody has to resist
this potential slavery. We demand that they leave their destructive and
grasping schemes behind and move toward a proper and legal relationship
with us.

To save yourselves, Canadians, you have to take on our basic principles
of equality, everybody having a voice, taking care of the land, living
peacefully and respecting us and each other.     

Karakwine & MNN Staff Mohawk Nation News Note: Your financial help
is needed and appreciated. Please send your donations to PayPal at, or by check or money order to “MNN Mohawk
Nation News”, Box 991, Kahnawake [Quebec, Canada] J0L 1B0. Nia:wen
thank you very much. Go to MNN “Canada” category for more stories; New
MNN Books Available now! Purchase t-shirts, mugs and more at our
CafePressStore; Subscribe to MNN for
breaking news updates; Sign Women Title
Holders petition!


Bureau of Indian Affairs DENIES San Pascual's Bid to Eliminate Members
original pechanga 

FINALLY, the BIA stands up to a tribe that hurts it's own people.   
They stood by while a shadow government took over Snoqualmie and
while the Redding Rancheria tossed out 70 members, while Pechanga
eliminated 25% of their tribe and when Chukchansi/Picayune terminated
50% of their tribal members.


The infamous "Wedgwood" china was originally made from "some of
the finest porcelain clay in the world," which was purchased from the
Cherokees.The holocaust of the forced Cherokee Removals were not
just a product of the Ross and Treaty Party factions. There were at
least half a dozen political factions within the old Cherokee Nation,
and most were guided by outside interests.                               


Notices or Charity notes:

There is no better way to keep your heart warm than to help those in
need. We would like to take a moment to remind you of one way to do just
that. The Cherokee Casinos are still collecting coats for the children
and elderly this winter. Coats will be taken through December 31st.
Items can be dropped off at the casino’s Player’s Club desk. For more
information, call one of the Cherokee Casinos -- [Tahlequah] (918)
207-3600 or [Fort Gibson] (918) 207-3593

It's never too early to start planning for the Cherokee Nation Angel
Tree. It is always great to help those less fortunate in the spirit of
ga du gi, and Christmas is always a time providing ample opportunities
to intentionally seek out to fulfill that spirit. Please consider
donating your money and/or time.
For more information on how you can help out, please call
(918) 453-5000 ext. 7720 or (918) 458-6900.


"Set in Stone but Not in Meaning: Southwestern Indian Rock Art" free
presentation at the Pima County Public Library will be held on December
11. On December 9th, Allen Dart will present "Ancient Native American
Pottery of Southern Arizona" in a free presentation for the Friends of
Sonoita Creek, at Sonoita Creek State Natural Area Visitor Center near
Patagonia, Arizona. Cosponsored by the Arizona Humanities Council.
7-8:30 p.m.
This event is free and open to the public


If you're interested, here's the link to the census job site:

You can also call the Census Bureau's national jobs line at


Former Assistant Secretary of the Interior Ada Deer (Menominee Nation)
Proposes Joanne Shenandoah Sing the US National Anthem at Obama's
Inauguration At a meeting of Native leaders November 3 on Oneida Nation
territory in Green Bay, Wisconsin former Assistant Secretary of the
Interior Ada Deer (Menominee Nation) proposed that Joanne Shenandoah
sing the US National Anthem at the US Capitol prior to President-elect
Barack Obama's taking of the oath of office. This idea was seconded by
the leaders of the Oneida Nation. To support this growing movement
contact the following members of the National Inaugural Committee in
Washington, DC:
US Senator Dianne Feinstein: 202-224-3841 or fax: 202-224-3954
US Senator Harry Reid: 202-224-3542 or fax: 202-224-7327
US Rep. Nancy Pelosi: 202-225-4965
Also supporting Joanne is NY Senator Charles Schumer. Contact him at
202-224-6542 or fax: 202-228-3027. NY Senator Hillary Rodham Clinton may
also help. Her number is: 202-224-4451 or fax: 202-228-0282.
Ms. Shenandoah will be performing with her band at the official Native
American Inaugural Ball on the evening of January 20th.


Research, Scholarship, and Travel Grant Opportunities, Arizona
Archaeological and Historical Society: Awards are offered to students
and researchers who are members of AAHS and involved in the study
of archaeology, anthropology, American Indian studies, ethnohistory,
and history of the Greater Southwest. Applications must be postmarked
no later than February 15, 2009. Awards will be made by the AAHS
Board of Directors and announced during Arizona Archaeology Month.
All of the details, including instructions and application forms, are
at the following link. -
Ms Word Document



BACKGROUND: The California Indian Education Directors Association
(CIEDA) was formed in 2005 by a group of American Indian Education
Center Directors from throughout California. Our goals are to promote
the ongoing growth and success of programs serving the unique cultural
and educational needs of American Indian students in our communities.
CIEDA is the main sponsor of the annual CALIFORNIA CONFERENCE ON
AMERICAN INDIAN EDUCATION, being held this year March 29-31, 2009 in
Palm Springs.

PRESS RELEASE: The California Indian Education Directors Association
is pleased to announce that the32nd Annual California Conference on
American Indian Education will be held March 29-31, 2009 in Palm
Springs, CA. The theme for this event is “Building Success Through
tradition and Education.” The conference offers the opportunity to
share traditional and academic knowledge and teaching and learning
between educators, parents and American Indian education program
staff. This conference honors the commitment of the family and all
those who have contributed to the advancement of American Indian
Education in California.

CONFERENCE GOALS: To advocate for academic excellence and educational
opportunities for American Indian families, educators, tribal leaders
and board members; To provide opportunities for networking among
American Indian families, elders, tribal leaders, students and
educators; To recognize achievements of distinguished educators,
parents and students; To honor our elders, our most revered teachers.


CULTURE: Storytelling Programs, Oral Traditions, Traditional Arts,
Basketry, Beadwork, Regalia Making

LANGUAGE: Restoration Programs, Oral Traditions, teaching strategies,
immersion programs, Tribal efforts

PARENTING: Indian Child Welfare, Parenting Skills, College/Scholarship
Process, Helping With Homework, Interpersonal Relationships

EDUCATION PROGRAMS: Culturally Based Curriculum, Accountability,
Standards Based Education, Technology, Even Start, Early Childhood
Education Programs, Charter Schools, Title IV, Impact Aid, JOM.

If you have questions or would like more information please contact
Conference Co-Chairs Irma Amaro-Davis at (530) 275-1513 or Rachel
McBride (530) 895-4212. To download the Call To Conference please go
to : http://www.cieda. org


Newspaper articles:

Michael H. Price's 'Southwest Heritage': The Coming of Humankind

Leaders meet to discuss reconciliation

Educator awarded NIEA Elder of the Year

Editorial: Navajo Nation rolls the dice with casino

Native Americans Examine Heritage Tourism as a Possible Avenue for
Economic Development

Obama appoints Native officials to transition team

American Indian veterans honored annually at Arlington National Cemetery

Tim Giago: Yes Virginia, there is a BIA

Review: 'Shadows at Dawn,' an Apache massacre

Gardens for Humanity provides community nourishment

Tucson-area Students Discover Hohokam Lifeways

Awaiting Klamath Dam removal

S.E. Ruckman: Tis the season for those per cap checks

Native Eyes Film Showcase takes place in Arizona

World Archaeological Congress honors Larry Zimmerman

Collaboration brings hope, help to Lakota reservation

First Peoples Fund recognizes community spirit

Museum Event Yields Information on Paleoindian Sites

Indian leaders react favorably to Daschle’s Cabinet nod

Separation planned for Native conjoined twins

Indian professor resigns from university post

Learn about Hopi culture from artists at Homolovi Ruins

Hopi people trust Prescott man with their katsina dolls

Indigenous peoples particularly vulnerable to surge of TB

Tribe seeks restraining order against Nevada gold mine

Books: Andrew Jackson, the Indian fighter president

Early Agricultural Site in Tucson Rich with Evidence

Tohono O'odham officials discouraging pilgrimage

Help STOP Mascot Racism!

Domenici pushes feds for $2 billion in tribal funds

Jodi Rave: Blackfeet artist turns junk into art

Sycuan walks away from gambling compact

Hampshire kids learning about Native Americans,3_1_EL05_A1POWWOW_HM_S1.article

Law school honors first Native American regent

County raid on Cayuga stores continues cigarette tax war

Cherokee chief plans to seek fourth term

Appreciation: Tony Hillerman knew New Mexico

Navajos grateful for Hillerman's focus on culture

Amateur archaeologist stalks Black Hawk’s village

Wampanoag push forward on casino plan

Eight more tribal housing agencies suing HUD

Native Hawaiians protest appeal over kingdom lands decision

Writers guild taps Indian talent in Hollywood

Kent officials tell tribe to go to court Who rules Indian tribe at issue

Cut Bank officials listen to Blackfeet concerns about racism

Kinship commerce: New developments in inter-tribal trade

Tribal leaders, citizen groups lead Native vote

Claremont parents clash over kindergarten Thanksgiving costumes

Why not a Ute statue at state Capitol?

Donation To Help SD Reservations,77241

Peltier family members work to revive support

Blackfeet: Glacier County attorney must resign

Tribe gaming funds to aid local projects

Quapaws open upscale resort hotel

Wisconsin tribes work to keep languages alive

Ruling may affect tribes here - An appeals court ruling has broad
implications for sovereign immunity, a lawyer says.

NY Oneidas bring creation story to Macy’s parade

Mixtecs and police clash at border

School changes mind on Seminole boy's hair

Smithsonian opens diabetes exhibit at NMAI

Smudge quest continues

Opinion: Alaska Native students need culture

Cruiser to benefit Eastern Cherokees

Nez Perce seek medal after a wild 202-year journey

Oklahoma players embrace Indian heritage

Obama/Biden proposal provides better Native health care options

Wind River Indian Reservation cracks down on DUI

Canada must probe cases of slain, missing aboriginal women: UN

Living treasure Navajo elder celebrates 108th

Coushattas, Israel establish friendship ties

Native leader faces another hate crimes trial

Bison roundup shows species’ recovery on tallgrass prairie

Indian hunt-and-kill site a rare find

Tsuu T'ina Nation due back in court over utilities

Pawnee Nation College hosts leadership conference

Native public media expands network services

Replacement sought on Native truth commission

Comanche citizen excels at chemistry camp

Tribal school offers culturally relevant curriculum

Government files first brief in Navajo trust case

No burial for 10,000-year-old bones

Cultural passion that runs deep

Internal tribal disputes an issue for Obama nominees

ADOT unearths large Hohokam village at Cordes

Can ‘Minnehaha’ save Duluth?

American Indian Inaugural Ball

History of the Sinagua written in the red rocks of ruins

Comanche Nation College president leaves fledgling college in good hands

Officials hope Obama lifts gaming 'moratorium'

Apache family exhibit retells 5 generations

Gipp recognized as Champion of Liberty by ACLU

Jodi Rave: Indian business leaders inspire

Obituary: Danny Lopez tirelessly taught Tohono O'odham culture

Native cultures in the spotlight

Kevin Abourezk: Optimism on Indian health bill

Archaeologist at San Bernardino National Forest sees plants as artifacts
of Indian culture

Juneau home to southeast Alaska Native research center

Quechan youth leader's death considered suspicious

Navajo, Hopi and Lakota delegation warned Lehman Brothers of
consequences of mining sacred Black Mesa

Victory for Yup’ik speakers

Editorial: Cultures collide in Havasupai lawsuit

Shore Patrol: Wetlands dispute goes to state panel

Elders working to save Kenai’s first language

Indian-themed films to be screened at Sundance


Other Things:

Dangerous cake recipe


4 tablespoons flour
4 tablespoons sugar
2 tablespoons cocoa
1 egg
3 tablespoons milk
3 tablespoons oil
3 tablespoons chocolate chips (optional)
a small splash of vanilla extract
1 large coffee mug

Add dry ingredients to mug, and mix well. Add the egg and mix
thoroughly. Pour in the milk and oil and mix well. Add the chocolate
chips (if using) and vanilla extract, and mix again.

Put your mug in the microwave and cook for 3 minutes at 1000 watts. The
cake will rise over the top of the mug, but don't be alarmed! Allow to
cool a little, and tip out onto a plate if desired.

EAT! (this can serve 2 if you want to feel slightly more virtuous).

And why is this the most dangerous cake recipe in the world?
Because now we are all only 5 minutes away from chocolate cake at any
time of the day or night!


Here are some random historical events for December:

December 1, 524: Palenque Maya Lord Chaacal I dies according to the
museum at Palenque.

See my photos of Palenque here:

December 2, 1794: A treaty (7 stat. 47) is concluded with the Oneida,
Tuscarora, and Stockbridge Indians, at Oneida, New York. The treaty is a
gesture of thanks for the tribes help during the Revolutionary war. They
receive $5000 for damages suffered during the war. Grist and saw mills
are built, and salary for their workers are provided for three years.
They receive $1000 to build a church. No further claims are made by the
tribes. The treaty is signed by Thomas Pickering for the United States,
and by eleven Indians.

December 3, 1598: Juan de Zaldivar "discovers" the Acoma.

December 4, 1833: Twenty-one Chickasaw Chiefs arrive at Fort Towson, in
eastern Indian Territory (present day Oklahoma). They assess the lands
the United States wants them to move to when they are removed from
Alabama. Meeting with local Choctaws about buying land from them proves
to be unfruitful.

December 5, 1855: The Columbia River volunteers, under Nathan Olney, are
near Fort Walla Walla, in southeastern Washington, when they encounter
Pio-pio-mox-mox's (Yellow Serpent) band of WallaWallas. Pio has looted
the Hudson Bay Company's Fort Walla Walla, but he has always been
neutral or helped the Americans in the past. He advanced under a flag of
truce and wanted to return the booty. But an agreement cannot be
reached. Pio refuses to fight, and Olney's men take Pio, and four
others, prisoners.

December 6, 1866: Red Cloud, Crazy Horse, Yellow Eagle, and High Back
Bone, and their followers, have been harassing Colonel Henry
Carrington's troops from Fort Phil Kearny, in northern Wyoming. They
stage several raids and ambushes along the road from the fort to the
nearby woods. Colonel Carrington leads his troops in some of the
fighting. Several soldiers are killed in the fighting. Carrington is
called "Little White Chief" by the Indians. This skirmish sets the stage
for the "Fetterman Massacre" on December 21, 1866.

See my photos of the area here:

December 7, 1868: Sheridan and Custer leave Camp Supply (Oklahoma)
leading 1,600 soldiers and 300 supply wagons. They are en route to Fort
Cobb. It is primarily meant as a show of force to the local Indians. It
proves the army can march during the winter months.

December 8, 1818: Secretary of War John C. Calhoun presents a report to
the House of Representatives. Among the report’s proposals are: tribes
should no longer be treated as sovereign nations; Indians should be
saved from extinction; and Indians should be taught the correctness of
the concept of land ownership.

December 9, 1861: Colonel Douglas Cooper, again encounters the pro-Union
Creeks and Seminoles, under Chief Opothleyahola, in a battle on Bird
Creek, north of Tulsa. Many of his Cherokee troops, under John Drew,
defect and join the pro-Union forces. Cooper withdraws to Fort Gibson.
This is often called the "Battle of Chusto-Talasah," or the "Battle of
Caving Banks."

December 10, 1850: Federal agents sign a treaty with the Lipan Apache,
Caddo, Comanche, Quapaw, Tawakoni and Waco Indians near the San Sabá
River in Texas.   

December 11, 1833: Captain Page, and almost 700 Choctaws, reach their
destination at Fort Towson, in eastern Indian Territory (present day
Oklahoma). The others in the group have split off and gone to Fort

December 12, 1531: According to most sources, Juan Diego
(Cuauhtlatoatzin), a Nahua, sees the apparition of the Virgin Mary on a
hill called Tepeyacac in Mexico again. He first saw her on December 9th.
According to Juan Diego, the Virgin Mary instructs him to carry some
roses in his macehualli (a cloak) to the local Bishop as proof of her
appearance. When the macehualli is opened before the Bishop, an image of
the Virgin Mary appears on the cloak among the rose petals. The
macehualli is still on display in the church (Our Lady of Guadalupe)
built to honor the event.

You can see a copy of my photo of it on this page:

December 13, 1640: A deed for Indian land is signed in New England. It
says, "It is agreed that the Indians above named shall have liberty to
break up ground for their use to the westward of the creek on the west
side of Shinecock plaine." In town meeting, 1641: "It is agreed that any
person that hath lotts up on Shinecocke playne in which there are any
Indian Barnes or wells lying shall fill them up."

December 14, 1763: A band of almost five dozen frontiersmen, called "the
Paxton Boys," attack a peaceful Susquehanna Indian village in Conestoga,
Pennsylvania. They kill eight of the twenty-two inhabitants in this
unprovoked raid. "The Boys" continue their rampage during the next two

December 15, 1890: Sitting Bull is killed while being arrested at Fort
Yates, South Dakota by Eighth Cavalry soldiers and Indian police, near
Standing Rock on the Grand River in Montana.. Thirty-nine police
officers and four volunteers were assembled to arrest Sitting Bull.
Before it was all done, over 100 of Sitting Bull’s supporters arrived at
the scene. Several people are injured or killed in the subsequent
fighting. According to army documents, four soldiers and eight Indians
are killed. Three soldiers are wounded. Later this week, the editor of
the "Aberdeen Saturday Pioneer," writes a editorial about Sitting Bull.
One of the passages is as follows: "The proud spirit of the original
owners of these vast prairies inherited through centuries of fierce and
bloody wars for their possession, lingered last in the bosom of Sitting
Bull. With his fall the nobility of the Redskin is extinguished, and
what few are left are a pack of whining curs who lick the hand that
smites them. The Whites, by law of conquest, by justice of civilization,
are masters of the American continent, and the best safety of the
frontier settlements will be secured by the total annihilation of the
few remaining Indians." The author of this editorial is L. Frank Baum,
best known as the author of "The Wizard of Oz."

December 16, 1811: The New Madrid earthquake takes place on the
Mississippi River around 2:30 am. Many tribes tell tales of this event
for generations. Many people say that Tecumseh predicted this

December 17, 1890: Sitting Bull and the police killed during his arrest
are buried with honor. Today, members of the Hunkpapa Sioux arrive at
Big Foot's camp of Minneconjou Sioux seeking refuge. However, today will
also see the issuing of an arrest warrant for Big Foot, himself, for his
part as a "trouble maker" in the ghost dance religion.

See my photos of two of his disputed burial places here:

December 18, 1892: Congress approve a monthly pension of thirty dollars
for Lemhi Chief Tendoy.

December 19, 1980: Chaco Canyon (New Mexico) is officially designated as
the "Chaco Culture National Historic Park." It is the home of many
Anazasi ruins.

December 20, 1812: Sacajawea dies at Fort Manuel, South Dakota,
according to some sources.

December 21, 1866: Red Cloud, Crazy Horse, Yellow Eagle, and High Back
Bone, and their followers, have been harassing Colonel Henry
Carrington's Second Cavalry and Twenty-seventh Infantry troops from Fort
Phil Kearny, in northern Wyoming. They stage several raids and ambushes
along the road from the fort to the nearby woods. Captain William J.
Fetterman had once said. "a company of regulars could whip a thousand,
and a regiment could whip the whole array of hostile tribes." A convoy
of wagons carrying wood leaves the fort. It is attacked by a decoy group
of Indians. Following up on his claim that he "could ride through the
Sioux Nation" with just eighty men, Fetterman pursues the decoying
Indians away from the fort. Here the Indians’ trap is sprung.
Fetterman’s entire force of three officers, forty-seven infantry,
twenty-seven cavalry and two civilians are killed in the fighting. The
soldiers call this the "Fetterman Massacre." The Indians call it the
"Battle of the Hundred Killed."

See my photos of there area here:

December 22, 1898: President McKinley, by Executive Order establishes
the Hualapai Indian School Reserve for the purpose of educating the
Hualapai Indians in Arizona Territory. The reserve is in section 10,
township 23 north, range 13 west.

December 23, 1855: White volunteers surround a "friendly" Rogue River
Indian village they had visited the day before. The village is mostly
unarmed. The whites attack, and nineteen Indian men are killed. The
women and children are driven into the cold. The survivors arrive at
Fort Lane, in southwestern Oregon, with severe frostbite, and frozen

December 24, 2012: One interpretation of the Maya calendar predicts
today will be the end of world or the present creation.

December 25, 1839: After the defeat at the Battle of the Neches on July
16, 1839, Cherokees under Chief "The Egg" attempts to escape to Mexico.
They make it as far as the Colorado River, before they meet resistance.
Colonel Edward Burleson leading Texan and Tonkawa forces engage them in
a fight. Seven Cherokee warriors are killed, and twenty-four women and
children are captured. Among the dead is The Egg.

December 26, 1862: The thirty-eight Santee Sioux condemned for their
actions in the "Santee Uprising" are hanged at Mankato, Minnesota. This
is the largest mass hanging in American History.

December 27, 1875: President Grant, by Executive Order, establishes
reservations for the Portrero, Cahuila, Capitan Grande, Santa Ysabel,
Pala, Agua Caliente, Sycuan, Inasa, and Cosmit Mission Indians primarily
in San Diego County, California. This order is modified on: May 3, 1877;
August 25, 1877; September 29, 1877; January 17, 1880; March 2, 1881;
March 9, 1881; June 27, 1882; July 24, 1882; February 5, 1883; June 19,
1883; January 25, 1886; March 22, 1886; January 29, 1887; March 14,
1887; and May 6, 1889.    

1952: Phil Konstantin, author of these pages and a member of the
Cherokee Nation of Oklahoma, is born. Thanks, Mom and Dad!

December 28, 1520: According to some sources, Hernán Cortés and his army
start their second excursion to Tenochtitlán (modern Mexico City) from
Tlascala, Mexico. This time they have made and bring a group of small
boats to use on the lake surrounding the city.

December 29, 1890: The Wounded Knee Battle or Massacre (depending on
which version you read) takes place. According to army records, one
officer (Captain G.D. Wallace), twenty-four soldiers (including Captain
G.D. Wallace), and 128 Indians are killed. Thirty-five soldiers, and
thirty-three Idians are wounded in the fighting.The army will give
Congressional Medals of Honor to the following soldiers: Sergeant
William G. Austin, for "using every effort to dislodge the enemy";
Company E musician John E. Clancy: "twice voluntarily rescued wounded
comrades under fire of the enemy"; Private Mosheim Feaster, Company E,
for "extraordinary gallantry"; First Lieutenant Ernest A. Garlington for
"distinguished gallantry"; First Lieutenant John C. Gresham for leading
an attack into a ravine; Sergeant Richard P. Hanley, Company C, for
recovering a pack mule loaded with ammunition, while under heavy fire;
Private Joshija B. Hartzog, Company E, First Artillery, for rescuing his
wounded commander while under heavy fire; Second Lieutenant Harry L.
Hawthorne, Second Artillery, for distinguished conduct; Private Marvin
C. Hillock, Company B, for distinguished bravery; Private George Hobday,
Company A, for conspicuous and gallant conduct; Sergeant George Loyd,
Company I, for bravery, especially after being severely wounded through
the lung; Sergeant Albert McMillian, Company E, for leading by example;
Private Thomas Sullivan, Company E, for conspicuous bravery; First
Sergeant Frederick Toy, Company C, for bravery; First Sergeant Jacob
Trautman, Company I, for "killing a hostile Indian at close quarters"
and remaining with the troops even though he was entitled to retire;
Sergeant James Ward, Company B, for fighting after being severely
wounded; Corporal Paul Weinert, Company E, for assuming command of his
artillery piece when his officer was wounded; and Private Hermann
Ziegner, Company E, for conspicuous bravery.

See my photos of the area here:

December 30, 1950: A Constitution and By-Laws for the Eskimos of the
Native Village of Buckland, Alaska is ratified by a vote of 17 to 13

December 31, 1590: Spaniard Gaspar Castaño de Sosa is exploring the area
of what is now New Mexico. A few days ago, several men in his group have
a fight with some of the residents of the Pecos Pueblo. Sosa’s main body
reaches the pueblo. There is a brief fight, and Sosa takes some of the
Indians captive. Sosa would later return to the pueblo and get a better


That's it for now.

Have a great month.

Phil Konstantin

End of Phil Konstantin's December 2008 Newsletter

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Four of the five books I have worked on. I either wrote, co-wrote, or contributed to each of these beeks

This is the cover to my first book. 
Click here to got more info, or to order a copy. Click on the cover to order a copy or to get more info.
This Day in North American Indian History
This Day in North American Indian History is a one-of-a-kind, vastly entertaining and informative book covering over 5000 years of North American Indian history, culture, and lore. Wide-ranging, it covers over 4,000 important events involving the native peoples of North America in a unique day-by-day format.

The thousands of entries in This Day in North American Indian History weave a compelling and comprehensive mosaic of North American Indian history spanning more than five millennia-every entry an exciting opening into the fascinating but little- known history of American Indians.

Over 100 photographs and illustrations - This book has 480 pages, weighs 2.2 pounds and is 8" by 9.5" in size. The Dates, Names and "Moons" section of these pages are based on the book.

This is the cover to my 4th book. 
Click here to got more info, or to order a copy or to get more info.
This is the cover to my 4th book. Click here to got more info, or to order a copy or to get more info."

Native American History For Dummies

I wrote six of the twenty-four chapters in this book. I am credited with being the technical editor. Book Description:
Native American History For Dummies introduces readers to the thousand-year-plus history of the first inhabitants of North America and explains their influence on the European settlement of the continent. Covering the history and customs of the scores of tribes that once populated the land, this friendly guide features vivid studies of the lives of such icons as Pocahontas, Sitting Bull, and Sacagawea; discusses warfare and famous battles, offering new perspectives from both battle lines; and includes new archaeological and forensic evidence, as well as oral histories that show events from the perspective of these indigenous peoples. The authors worked in concert with Native American authorities, institutions, and historical experts to provide a wide range of insight and information.
This is the cover to my 3rd book. 
Click here to got more info, or to order a copy or to get more info.
This is the cover to my 3rd book. Click here to got more info, or to order a copy or to get more info
Treaties With American Indians I wrote an article and several appendix items for this book.
Clips from a review on *Starred Review* In the 93 years from 1778 until 1871, there were more than 400 treaties negotiated by Indian agents and government officials. Editor Fixico and more than 150 contributors have crafted a three volume comprehensive tool that will soon become essential for anyone interested in the topic. A resource section with lists of ?Alternate Tribal Names and Spellings,? ?Tribal Name Meanings,? (<---- I wrote this part) Treaties by Tribe,? and ?Common Treaty Names? and a bibliography and comprehensive index are repeated in each volume. This impressive set has a place in any academic library that supports a Native American studies or American history curriculum. It is the most comprehensive source of information on Canadian-Indian treaties and U.S.-Indian treaties. Also available as an e-book.

"The Wacky World of Laws"
It was just released in May 2009.
The Wacky World of Laws. Click on the cover to order a copy or to get more info.

The Wacky World of Laws is a compilation of U.S. and International Laws that are out of the ordinary. With the U.S. churning out 500,000 new laws every year and 2 million regulations annually, this book is the ideal go-to book fro everyone who wants a good laugh at the expense of our legal system. Law so often can be boring! Now with The Wacky World of Laws, you can be the hit of any water cooler conversation, and amaze your friends with precious legal nuggets.

I wrote most of this book. It is my fifth book.

(copyright, © Phil Konstantin, 2010)

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