December 2006 Newsletter from
"This Day in North American Indian History"
by Phil Konstantin
Copyright © Phil Konstantin (1996-2010)

Click Here To Return To The Previous Website

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Start of Phil Konstantin's December 2006 Newsletter - Part 1
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Greetings,

I had an interesting month. My youngest child, Sarah, turned 25
in November. Her friends gave her a nice party.

The Cherokee Nation is helping to establish local clubs for
Cherokees all over the country. I attended one of the organizational
meetings in Orange County, California. It was nice to see so many people
who are interested in their tribe.

I've also been trying to document some of the genealogy research my
mother has been doing for the last many years. SHe has made lots of
notes. I am just trying to get them into a format I can understand. I
finally found out what the "official" rules are for what lever of cousin
you are (1st, 2nd, etc.), and what being "once removed" really means.
While I was doing my transcribing, I came across a couple of interesting
facts. My mother's family is Cherokee. One of my father's distant
relatives won the right to some land in the Cherokee auctions in
Georgia. The odds are very, very small, but it is possible they won the
land of one of my mother's relatives. This all happened in the 1830s.
Another interesting thing was that my great-great-great grandmother is
buried in the same town (Abilene, Texas) where my son Ron lives. Ron is
the only immediate member of my family who lives anywhere near there. We
also discovered that Ron's grandmother on his mother's side second
marriage was to a distant relative of mine in a completely different
part of Texas.

It sure is a small world.

Phil

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This month's "Link Of The Month" is a group of websites dedicated to the
art of basketweaving. You will find some excellent examples, and even
some instructions on the websites below.

Cherokeebasketweaver's photos:
http://www.flickr.com/photos/cherokeebasketweaver/

Cherokee Artists Association:
http://www.cherokeeartistsassociation.org/gallery/gunteranderson/gunteranderson.html


Native American Basketry:
http://www.nativetech.org/basketry/index.html

Qualla Eastern Cherokee (Tsalagi) basketry:
http://www.kstrom.net/isk/art/basket/baskcher.html

Native Basketry:
http://www.kstrom.net/isk/art/basket/baskmenu.html

Mike Darts Web Site:
http://gatlida.org/

Burl Ford:
http://burlford.tripod.com/index.htm

California Indian Basketweavers Association:
http://www.ciba.org/

Marvin Cohodas Baskets:
http://www.cohodasbaskets.com/introductionframe.html

The Language of Native American Baskets from the Weavers's View:
http://www.nmai.si.edu/exhibitions/baskets/subpage.cfm?subpage=basket

Native American baskets:
http://www.snowwowl.com/naartbaskets1.html

The Basket - Background, History, Raw Materials, Design:
http://www.madehow.com/Volume-4/Basket.html

American Indian Baskets:
http://www.indianvillage.com/Indianarts/baskets.htm

Northwest Coast Basketry -
http://www.washington.edu/burkemuseum/baskets/Teachersguideforbasketry.htm


Basketry Techniques: Coiling, Twining, Weaving, Plaiting:
http://basketmakers.com/topics/tutorials/construction.htm

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The "Treaty Of The Month" for December is:
TREATY WITH THE ONEIDA, ETC., Dec. 2, 1794. | 7 Stat., 47.

It covers such subjects as:
$5,000 to be distributed for past losses and services;
Mills to be erected by the United States; Millers to
be provided; $1,000 given to build a church;
Indians relinquish further claims.

You can see a transcript of the document here:
http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/one0037.htm



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Articles:


Lightening Kills White Buffalo Calf by Gina Boltz
Native Village Publications http://www.nativevillage.org
Member, Link Center Foundation


Janesville, WI: On Sunday evening, November 27, a bolt of
lightening struck and killed Miracle's Second Chance, The
Sacred White Buffalo. "Chance" was discovered in a field after
his caretaker, David Heider, saw Chance's mother walking
alone and grunting. Dave followed the white calf's mother
up a hill where he found Chance lying dead near a tree.

Valerie Heider, Dave's wife, had been at home when the
lightening struck. She said it was like "flashbulbs" going
off in all the windows. Seconds later, a huge orchestra of
thunder rolled across the sky. The storm itself began about
ten minutes later. It was after the storm when Chance was
found.

Miracle's Second Chance is the third white buffalo calf to
be born at the Heider ranch. The first was still-born. The
second, a female named Miracle, was born on August 20,1994
and died in 2004. Chance, a male, was born August 25, 2006,
the same day another lightening storm hit the Janesville
area. "He was born in lightening and taken by lightening"
said Stephanie Schwartz, webmaster for Miracle and Miracle's
Second Chance and close friends with the Heiders.

White buffalo, which are extremely rare, are sacred to many
Native American tribes. The animals fulfill the legend of
the White Buffalo Calf Woman and her message that foretells
peace. Part of the legend includes a white buffalo calf
changing colors: from white, to black, to red, then brown.
After Chance was killed, Dave Heider clipped off part of the
buffalo's coat. The fur near the skin was growing in jet
black.

Chance was buried next to Miracle, the Sacred White Buffalo.
It is expected his grave will be visited by many people,
including those who now consider the Heiders' farm as sacred
ground.

Four other buffalo, including two calves, were also killed
during the storm and buried in a separate area. Heider thinks
the same lightening strike killed all five.

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Notices:


Hi Everyone,

There are seven mustang mares in SD that need to be placed
in a good home. Each of them are pregnant and bred to a
quarter horse. The rancher can no longer keep them and he
doesn't want to sell them to slaughter. Can you please
cross post this far and wide. He is near the MInn. border
so it would be ideal if we had anyone from MN.

His name is Gerald McGregor - 605-698-3167. Please contact
as soon as possible. I think the mares are about seven
years old. They are still wild. Or please contact me.

Karen A. Sussman
President, ISPMB
PO Box 55
Lantry, SD 57636-0055
Tel: 605.964.6866
Cell: 605.365.6991
Saving America's Wild Horses and Burros since 1960

http://www.ispmb.org


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American Indian Education Oversight Committee - application
deadline for the American Indian Education Advisory Committee
is going to be extended to December 15, 2006.
http://www.cde.ca.gov/eo/ap/av/index.asp

Signed into law in 2006, Senate Bill 1710 (Ackerman) requires
the State Superintendent of Public Instruction (SSPI) to
appoint an American Indian Education Oversight Committee to
provide input and advice to the SSPI on American Indian
education programs. The Committee will be comprised of seven educators,
four of whom shall be American Indian education
center directors and shall possess proven knowledge of current
educational policies relating to, and issues faced by,
American Indian communities in California.

In addition to filling out the Application for Appointments
in its entirety, the following questions should be answered
and attached to the application.

   1. Describe your experience and education relevant to
issues and educational policies faced by American Indian
communities.
   2. Explain your interest in participating on the American
Indian Oversight Committee.

SB 1710 did not provide any funding for this oversight
committee; therefore, no participation or travel reimbursements
are available for committee members. The California Department
of Education (CDE) plans to hold several meetings via
teleconference. It is the CDE's intent to announce the members
of the American Indian Education Oversight Committee on January
3, 2007, with the first meeting to take place in Sacramento in
early January 2007.

Get the application here:
http://www.cde.ca.gov/eo/ap/bc/index.asp


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PRICEWATERHOUSECOOPERS SCHOLARSHIP OPPORTUNITY!

Since 1990, we have awarded scholarships to some of the best
and brightest African American, Hispanic/Latino and Native
American students in the U.S. Our eXceed program includes.

    * A one time $3,000 scholarship
    * Participation in our Diversity in Business Leadership
Conference
    * A PwC Talent Development Program (IFS) internship - not available
in the San Diego office.


To qualify, you must be a Freshman or Sophomore with strong
academic standing (3.2 or higher) and an academic and career
interest in Accounting, Management Information Systems or
Computer Science.

The application process runs from September 2006 through
December 2006. The scholarship winners will be announced in
April 2006.

I am attaching the eXceed flyer and a link to the eXceed
website. This would is a great opportunity for students/
peers within your organization. Please contact me with any
questions. I plan to send hard copies for distribution at
Career Services.

Kind regards,

Karri Beck

website - www.pwc.com/exceed


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News stories:

Two Tribes Merge in Texas
http://www.rockdalereporter.com/features/apachepass.htm

Rapid Sea Level Rise In The Arctic Ocean May Alter Views Of Human
Migration
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2006/10/061012085548.htm

American Indians hail 'Apocalypto' cast
http://www.usatoday.com/life/people/2006-12-03-gibson-apocalypto_x.htm?POE=LIFISVA


Weaving cultural understanding
http://www.azcentral.com/community/ahwatukee/articles/1129ar-people1129Z14.html


Notes on the Apache Wars
http://www.observer-online.com/articles/2006/11/27/news/don_bullis/bullis.txt


Government of Mexico Plans Toxic Waste Dump on O'odham Lands
http://www.azstarnet.com/sn/metro/157964.php

Paving the Road to Chaco?
http://www.redorbit.com/news/science/742826/on_chacos_horizon__paving_county_road_to_park_raises/index.html?source=r_science


Thieves of Time
http://www.casperstartribune.net/articles/2006/11/26/news/regional/8cc2a3b869e374cd872572300026766d.txt


Brief Guide to Phoenix Area Rock Art
http://www.azcentral.com/arizonarepublic/arizonaliving/articles/1125rockart1125.html


When the River Ran Wild! by George W. Aguilar Sr. - Chinook/Wasco
http://nappaw.tribe.net/thread/e2ad8c1b-15a0-418b-b8dc-7d1f7fd0d786

Looting Continues Across the Southwest
http://www.tucsoncitizen.com/ss/local/33146.php

The Turkey in the Ancient Southwest
http://www.imakenews.com/crowcanyon1/e_article000688106.cfm?x=b11,0,w

Dam battle transformed tribe
http://www.azcentral.com/arizonarepublic/local/articles/1118ormedam1118.html


Raiding For Women? Female Remains In Graveyards Reflect War In
Pre-Hispanic New Mexico
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2006/11/061112094745.htm

Nature taking a toll on El Morro
http://www.gallupindependent.com/2006/oct/102106jt_elmorrotoll.html

U.N. to honor Sioux spiritual leader
http://www.missoulian.com/articles/2006/10/18/jodirave/rave59.txt

Removal of Indians along Trail of Tears to get new research
http://www.kumeyaay.com/news/news_detail.html?id=4258

Indian remains unearthed by construction reburied at Lone Pine
http://www.sacbee.com/114/story/82658.html

United States opposes declaration on Native rights
http://www.indiancountry.com/content.cfm?id=1096414049

Indian reservations grapple with border rules
http://www.kumeyaay.com/news/news_detail.html?id=4239

Native language lives in woman
http://www.heraldnet.com/stories/06/11/17/100loc_c1language001.cfm


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Humor:

See the cartoon on my website at:
http://americanindian.net/pilgrim.jpg



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Here are some random historical events for December:


December 1, 524: Palenque Maya Lord Chaacal I dies according
to the museum at Palenque.

December 2, 1794: A treaty (7 stat. 47) is concluded with
the Oneida, Tuscarora, and Stockbridge Indians, at Oneida,
New York. The treaty is a gesture of thanks for the tribes
help during the Revolutionary war. They receive $5000 for
damages suffered during the war. Grist and saw mills are
built, and salary for their workers are provided for three
years. They receive $1000 to build a church. No further
claims are made by the tribes. The treaty is signed by
Thomas Pickering for the United States, and by eleven Indians.

December 3, 1598: Juan de Zaldivar "discovers" the Acoma.

December 4, 1833: Twenty-one Chickasaw Chiefs arrive at Fort
Towson, in eastern Indian Territory (present day Oklahoma).
They assess the lands the United States wants them to move to
when they are removed from Alabama. Meeting with local
Choctaws about buying land from them proves to be unfruitful.

December 5, 1855: The Columbia River volunteers, under Nathan
Olney, are near Fort Walla Walla, in southeastern Washington,
when they encounter Pio-pio-mox-mox's (Yellow Serpent) band of
WallaWallas. Pio has looted the Hudson Bay Company's Fort Walla
Walla, but he has always been neutral or helped the Americans
in the past. He advanced under a flag of truce and wanted to
return the booty. But an agreement cannot be reached. Pio
refuses to fight, and Olney's men take Pio, and four others, prisoners.

December 6, 1866: Red Cloud, Crazy Horse, Yellow Eagle, and
High Back Bone, and their followers, have been harassing
Colonel Henry Carrington's troops from Fort Phil Kearny, in
northern Wyoming. They stage several raids and ambushes along
the road from the fort to the nearby woods. Colonel
Carrington leads his troops in some of the fighting. Several
soldiers are killed in the fighting. Carrington is called
"Little White Chief" by the Indians. This skirmish sets the
stage for the "Fetterman Massacre" on December 21, 1866.

December 7, 1868: Sheridan and Custer leave Camp Supply
(Oklahoma) leading 1,600 soldiers and 300 supply wagons.
They are en route to Fort Cobb. It is primarily meant as a
show of force to the local Indians. It proves the army can
march during the winter months.

December 8, 1818: Secretary of War John C. Calhoun presents
a report to the House of Representatives. Among the report’s
proposals are: tribes should no longer be treated as sovereign nations;
Indians should be saved from extinction; and
Indians should be taught the correctness of the concept of
land ownership.

December 9, 1861: Colonel Douglas Cooper, again encounters the pro-Union
Creeks and Seminoles, under Chief Opothleyahola, in
a battle on Bird Creek, north of Tulsa. Many of his Cherokee
troops, under John Drew, defect and join the pro-Union forces.
Cooper withdraws to Fort Gibson. This is often called the
"Battle of Chusto-Talasah," or the "Battle of Caving Banks."

December 10, 1850: Federal agents sign a treaty with the Lipan
Apache, Caddo, Comanche, Quapaw, Tawakoni and Waco Indians
near the San Sabá River in Texas.   

December 11, 1833: Captain Page, and almost 700 Choctaws,
reach their destination at Fort Towson, in eastern Indian
Territory (present day Oklahoma). The others in the group
have split off and gone to Fort Smith.

December 12, 1531: According to most sources, Juan Diego
(Cuauhtlatoatzin), a Nahua, sees the apparition of the Virgin
Mary on a hill called Tepeyacac in Mexico again. He first saw
her on December 9th. According to Juan Diego, the Virgin Mary instructs
him to carry some roses in his macehualli (a cloak)
to the local Bishop as proof of her appearance. When the
macehualli is opened before the Bishop, an image of the Virgin
Mary appears on the cloak among the rose petals. The macehualli
is still on display in the church (Our Lady of Guadalupe)
built to honor the event.

You can see a copy of my photo of it on this page:
http://americanindian.net/mexico.html


December 13, 1640: A deed for Indian land is signed in New
England. It says, "It is agreed that the Indians above named
shall have liberty to break up ground for their use to the
westward of the creek on the west side of Shinecock plaine."
In town meeting, 1641: "It is agreed that any person that
hath lotts up on Shinecocke playne in which there are any
Indian Barnes or wells lying shall fill them up."

December 14, 1763: A band of almost five dozen frontiersmen,
called "the Paxton Boys," attack a peaceful Susquehanna Indian
village in Conestoga, Pennsylvania. They kill eight of the
twenty-two inhabitants in this unprovoked raid. "The Boys"
continue their rampage during the next two weeks.

December 15, 1890: Sitting Bull is killed while being arrested
at Fort Yates, South Dakota by Eighth Cavalry soldiers and
Indian police, near Standing Rock on the Grand River in
Montana.. Thirty-nine police officers and four volunteers were assembled
to arrest Sitting Bull. Before it was all done, over
100 of Sitting Bull’s supporters arrived at the scene. Several
people are injured or killed in the subsequent fighting.
According to army documents, four soldiers and eight Indians
are killed. Three soldiers are wounded. Later this week, the
editor of the "Aberdeen Saturday Pioneer," writes a editorial
about Sitting Bull. One of the passages is as follows: "The
proud spirit of the original owners of these vast prairies
inherited through centuries of fierce and bloody wars for
their possession, lingered last in the bosom of Sitting Bull.
With his fall the nobility of the Redskin is extinguished,
and what few are left are a pack of whining curs who lick
the hand that smites them. The Whites, by law of conquest,
by justice of civilization, are masters of the American
continent, and the best safety of the frontier settlements
will be secured by the total annihilation of the few
remaining Indians." The author of this editorial is
L. Frank Baum, best known as the author of "The Wizard of Oz."

December 16, 1811: The New Madrid earthquake takes place on
the Mississippi River around 2:30 am. Many tribes tell tales
of this event for generations. Many people say that Tecumseh
predicted this earthquake.

December 17, 1890: Sitting Bull and the police killed during
his arrest are buried with honor. Today, members of the
Hunkpapa Sioux arrive at Big Foot's camp of Minneconjou
Sioux seeking refuge. However, today will also see the
issuing of an arrest warrant for Big Foot, himself, for
his part as a "trouble maker" in the ghost dance religion.

December 18, 1892: Congress approve a monthly pension of
thirty dollars for Lemhi Chief Tendoy.

December 19, 1980: Chaco Canyon (New Mexico) is officially
designated as the "Chaco Culture National Historic Park."
It is the home of many Anazasi ruins.

December 20, 1812: Sacajawea dies at Fort Manuel, South Dakota,
according to some sources.

December 21, 1866: Red Cloud, Crazy Horse, Yellow Eagle, and
High Back Bone, and their followers, have been harassing
Colonel Henry Carrington's Second Cavalry and Twenty-seventh
Infantry troops from Fort Phil Kearny, in northern Wyoming.
They stage several raids and ambushes along the road from
the fort to the nearby woods. Captain William J. Fetterman
had once said. "a company of regulars could whip a thousand,
and a regiment could whip the whole array of hostile tribes."
A convoy of wagons carrying wood leaves the fort. It is
attacked by a decoy group of Indians. Following up on his
claim that he "could ride through the Sioux Nation" with
just eighty men, Fetterman pursues the decoying Indians away
from the fort. Here the Indians’ trap is sprung. Fetterman’s
entire force of three officers, forty-seven infantry,
twenty-seven cavalry and two civilians are killed in the
fighting. The soldiers call this the "Fetterman Massacre."
The Indians call it the "Battle of the Hundred Killed."

See pictures of the battlefield on my website at:
http://americanindian.net/2003m.html


December 22, 1898: President McKinley, by Executive Order
establishes the Hualapai Indian School Reserve for the purpose
of educating the Hualapai Indians in Arizona Territory. The
reserve is in section 10, township 23 north, range 13 west.

December 23, 1855: White volunteers surround a "friendly"
Rogue River Indian village they had visited the day before.
The village is mostly unarmed. The whites attack, and
nineteen Indian men are killed. The women and children are
driven into the cold. The survivors arrive at Fort Lane,
in southwestern Oregon, with severe frostbite, and frozen
limbs.

December 24, 2012: One interpretation of the Maya calendar
predicts today will be the end of world or the present creation.

December 25, 1839: After the defeat at the Battle of the
Neches on July 16, 1839, Cherokees under Chief "The Egg"
attempts to escape to Mexico. They make it as far as the
Colorado River, before they meet resistance. Colonel Edward
Burleson leading Texan and Tonkawa forces engage them in a
fight. Seven Cherokee warriors are killed, and twenty-four
women and children are captured. Among the dead is The Egg.

December 26, 1862: The thirty-eight Santee Sioux condemned
for their actions in the "Santee Uprising" are hanged at
Mankato, Minnesota. This is the largest mass hanging in
American History.

December 27, 1875: President Grant, by Executive Order,
establishes reservations for the Portrero, Cahuila, Capitan
Grande, Santa Ysabel, Pala, Agua Caliente, Sycuan, Inasa,
and Cosmit Mission Indians primarily in San Diego County,
California. This order is modified on: May 3, 1877;
August 25, 1877; September 29, 1877; January 17, 1880;
March 2, 1881; March 9, 1881; June 27, 1882; July 24, 1882;
February 5, 1883; June 19, 1883; January 25, 1886;
March 22, 1886; January 29, 1887; March 14, 1887; and
May 6, 1889.    

1952: Phil Konstantin, author of these pages and a member of
the Cherokee Nation, is born. Thanks, Mom and Dad!

December 28, 1520: According to some sources, Hernán Cortés
and his army start their second excursion to Tenochtitlán
(modern Mexico City) from Tlascala, Mexico. This time they
have made and bring a group of smal boats to use on the
lake surrounding the city.

December 29, 1890: The Wounded Knee Battle or Massacre
(depending on which version you read) takes place. According
to army records, one officer (Captain G.D. Wallace),
twenty-four soldiers (including Captain G.D. Wallace), and
128 Indians are killed. Thirty-five soldiers, and
thirty-three Idians are wounded in the fighting.The army
will give Congressional Medals of Honor to the following
soldiers: Sergeant William G. Austin, for "using every effort
to dislodge the enemy"; Company E musician John E. Clancy:
"twice voluntarily rescued wounded comrades under fire of
the enemy"; Private Mosheim Feaster, Company E, for
"extraordinary gallantry"; First Lieutenant Ernest A.
Garlington for "distinguished gallantry"; First Lieutenant
John C. Gresham for leading an attack into a ravine;
Sergeant Richard P. Hanley, Company C, for recovering a
pack mule loaded with ammunition, while under heavy fire;
Private Joshija B. Hartzog, Company E, First Artillery,
for rescuing his wounded commander while under heavy fire;
Second Lieutenant Harry L. Hawthorne, Second Artillery, for
distinguished conduct; Private Marvin C. Hillock, Company B,
for distinguished bravery; Private George Hobday, Company A,
for conspicuous and gallant conduct; Sergeant George Loyd,
Company I, for bravery, especially after being severely
wounded through the lung; Sergeant Albert McMillian, Company
E, for leading by example; Private Thomas Sullivan, Company E,
for conspicuous bravery; First Sergeant Frederick Toy,
Company C, for bravery; First Sergeant Jacob Trautman,
Company I, for "killing a hostile Indian at close quarters"
and remaining with the troops even though he was entitled
to retire; Sergeant James Ward, Company B, for fighting
after being severely wounded; Corporal Paul Weinert,
Company E, for assuming command of his artillery piece
when his officer was wounded; and Private Hermann Ziegner,
Company E, for conspicuous bravery.

See pictures of the area and the centary on my page at:
http://americanindian.net/2003s.html


December 30, 1950: A Constitution and By-Laws for the Eskimos
of the Native Village of Buckland, Alaska is ratified by a
vote of 17 to 13

December 31, 1590: Spaniard Gaspar Castaño de Sosa is
exploring the area of what is now New Mexico. A few days ago,
several men in his group have a fight with some of the
residents of the Pecos Pueblo. Sosa’s main body reaches
the pueblo. There is a brief fight, and Sosa takes some of
the Indians captive. Sosa would later return to the pueblo
and get a better reception.




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I’ll have more in a day or two in Part 2 of the
newsletter.

That's it for now.

Have a great month.

Phil Konstantin
http://americanindian.net


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End of Phil Konstantin's December 2006 Newsletter - Part 1
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Start of Phil Konstantin's December 2006 Newsletter - Part 2
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Greetings,

I've been a bit busy recently. So, it took me a bit longer
to put out Part 2 that I thought.

Here are some news clippings, an article, and a look at
the movie Apocalypto.

Phil

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Articles:
------------


This article is from my cousin Michael Walkingstick. I enjoy
the way he writes. I thought you might like to read this, too.


=-=-=-=-=-=-


Phil Konstantin, a distant relative, writes an Indigenous
People's News Letter .

Phil typically writes a day-by-day history of what happened
in Native American history.

This month, his item for December 9 told of The Battle of
Caving Banks

".......December 9, 1861: Colonel Douglas Cooper, again
encounters the pro-Union Creeks and Seminoles, under Chief
Opothleyahola, in a battle on Bird Creek, north of Tulsa.
Many of his Cherokee troops, under John Drew, defect and
join the pro-Union forces. Cooper withdraws to Fort Gibson.
This is often called the "Battle of Chusto-Talasah," or the
"Battle of Caving Banks."

The Walkingstick family joined the Confederacy along with
the rest of the Cherokee. They were also neighbors, friends,
and related, to those who were part of the Keetoowah. The
center of the Keetoowah faction was right below Walkingstick
Mountain, at the Peavine church.

The Baptist ministers, Evan and John Jones, were also
involved with the Keetoowah, even though they were White men.

The Keetoowah switched sides from the Confederacy to the
Union, and it was decidedly at this particular time, the
Battle of Caving Banks, that they did so.

The Walkingsticks had lived on the Creek side of the
Cherokee-Creek boundary in Georgia. The McIntosh family of
the Creeks were their neighbors.

Some of the Walkingsticks actually moved into the Creek
Nation in the late 1800's. And, several sought refuge in
the Illinois district of the Cherokee Nation, right along
the Creek boundary, during the Civil War. To say they were
sympathetic to the Creek People would be accurate. There
was likely an older familial relationship that has yet to
be found.

It is cold outside tonight. The coldest it's been in years.
There's snow on the ground, just like it was back in December
of 1861. The night is full of stars and the cold clear sky
lights up the landscape of snow.

I would think it was very much like this back in 1861.

There used to be a historical marker for the Battle of Caving
Banks, but a flood took it away many years ago. It was found
a couple of years ago imbedded in a bank. The closest landmark
to this battle would be that it was somewhere in the vicinity
of present day Skiatook, Oklahoma.

Just a few miles up the road from me.

So, I'm sitting here looking out the window at the cold,
clear, moon-on-the-snow night, and wonder what those
ancestors were thinking when they were camped opposite the
Creeks. When they could hear the babies crying, and the
women and men with them.

I imagine them seeing the small campfires of the Creeks and
the rags they were wearing for clothes and of the sympathy
they must've had for these People who were just trying to
get to Kansas and get out of the way of the impending
destruction.

You can just imagine how it turned their stomachs......
having just been thru the same things themselves only 24
years earlier at places like Golconda, Illinois, where the
Mississippi river was frozen over and the Cherokees were
camped in the snow.

Or, watching their Elders die in the removal forts or
internment camps. I would think the Keetoowah would not have
stood for taking a part in a repeat of that instance upon
other Indians.


So, it is no surprise that on the next morning, the
Confederate army leaders were very surprised to find that
most of the Cherokee had slipped away in the night, and
changed sides, rather than fall upon a helpless throng of
hundreds of freezing Creeks men, women and children. This
is exactly what the Walkingsticks did.

Just up the road from where I am now sitting.



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Notices:
-------------



Humboldt State University, nationally known for its strong
natural resource management programs is pleased to announce
that thirty students will receive $3623 a year for 4-years.
All students interested in studying Computer Science,
Mathematics or Environmental Resources Engineering with a
GPA of 2.75 or higher and financial need should apply
http://www.humboldt.edu/~sls/. Priority will be given to
eligible applicants who are American Indian and/or first
generation college students.

Applicants from the 14 Western University Exchange (WUE)
states are encouraged to apply, as WUE students can attend
Humboldt State University for nearly the same cost or less
as a public university in their home state http://www.humboldt.edu/~wue.

The scholarships, with additional federal financial aid,
should cover costs for 4-years.

Humboldt's rural coastal setting in Northern California is
near forests, rivers and mountains and is conducive to
studying natural resources problems, as well as other social,
economic and environmental issues. Average class sizes are
small, with most classes under 24 students. Students work
side-by-side with faculty members on research, community
projects and field work.

The student body of about 7000 students contains members
of more than 40 tribes and HSU is within 60 miles of three
of California's largest tribes. The combination of programs
such as the Indian Natural Resources, Sciences and
Engineering Program (INRSEP), the Indian Teacher and
Educational Personnel Program, the Center for Indian
Community Development and the Native American Studies
program is unique, making HSU a university of choice for
American Indian students.

Scholarship recipients will participate in an enhanced
academic program, including leadership training,
professional development, and support services. Recipients
may enroll in an interdisciplinary service learning
seminar that will work with Native communities to solve
problems using computer science, environmental resources
engineering and mathematics. They will also participate
in a Scholars' Interest Group, a freshman cohort program
that includes common course taking, advising, and other
activities.

The deadline to apply is April 15, 2007

For more information about HSU and the Scholarship Program
please see:
http://www.humboldt.edu/
http://www.humboldt.edu/~sls/

If you would like to nominate a student to receive application materials
in the mail, please send an email to:
sls @ humboldt.edu
containing the student's contact information.

Have questions? Please call Dr. Beth Eschenbach, Professor
of Environmental Resources Engineering at 707-826-4348 or
Dr. Jacquelyn Bolman, Director of Indian Natural Resources,
Sciences and Engineering Program at 707-826-4994.

Partial support for this work was provided by the National Science
Foundation Scholarships in Science, Technology, Engineering, and
Mathematics (S-STEM) program under Award No. 0631181


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Events:
----------

CSULB 37th Annual Pow Wow
March 10th & 11th, 2007

Location: Upper South Campus, Central Quad
1250 Bellflower Blvd., Long Beach CA 90840
www.csulb.edu

Phone: AISC, 562-985-4963
Email: csulb_-@hotmail.com

Friday, 12/9, Dancers/Drums set up canopies (no side walls),
after 6pm. Please, donot setup any earlier, the artists &
food vendors will be setting up during the day. We would
like to avoid vehicle traffic/congestion in the quad.

SCHEDULE:
Sat, 12/10, 11am-Gourd Dancing, 1pm-Grand Entry, 2pm-Dancers
registration closes, 5pm-Dinner Break, 7pm-Grand Entry,
10pm-closing/dance out.

Sun, 12/11, 11am-Gourd Dancing, 1pm-Grand Entry,
6pm-Awards/closing/dance out.



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Jobs:
=====

Native American Program Coordinator
http://jobsearch.usajobs.opm.gov/getjob.asp?JobID=51152579&AVSDM=2006%2D12%2D05+14%3A57%3A22&Logo=0&jbf574=AG07&lid=17514&FedEmp=Y&sort=rv&vw=d&ss=0&brd=3876&FedPub=Y&caller=/agency_search.asp&SUBMIT1.x=92&SUBMIT1.y=18



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Movie Review: Apocalypto:
---------------------------

I saw Apocalypto a few days after it was released. I can
easily see why it has not been making "big bucks" at the
box office. This is not due to a lack of historical accuracy, sincerity,
the total use of subtitles or a respect for the
Maya. This movie is very graphically violent.

As a part of my former job as a California Highway Patrol
officer, I saw the results of a violent death many times.
Apocalypto makes an attempt to show you how violent Mel
Gibson thought certain aspects of the Maya culture were.
I was not overwhelmed by the blood and gore. There was one
scene involving an attack by a jaguar which did seem far
too gory for the casual moviegoer. It had the sensibility
of a slasher movie.

The movie shows the home life of a small group of Maya
living near the coast. They hunt, love and laugh. There is
some sexual slapstick, as well. Eventually, the "bad Maya"
come on the scene, and all hell breaks loose (graphically
and spiritually, so to speak).

A large part of the movie involves a chase. These scenes
can be quite exciting. The scenery is also striking. Those
of you who have seen the Michael Douglas-Kathleen Turner romance/comedy
"Romancing The Stone" will recognize the
landscape. Apocalypto was filmed in the same area, inland
from Vera Cruz and Xalapa, Mexico.

All of the dialogue is in one of the Maya dialects. For
those who do not like subtitles, this could be distracting.

Many of the more brutal aspects of the Maya culture are
depicted in this movie. Warfare, ritual sacrifice and
slave labor abound. Very little of the scientific
accomplishments of the Maya are scene, with the exception
of architecture.

Here, I have a big complaint about the movie. I find it
very frustrating when things I have seen in a movie's
coming attractions are not in the movie. Often, I might
decide to see a movie based on the coming attraction.
Afterall, that is what coming attractions are for.
Apocalypto's coming attractions show some buildings which
never appeared in the movie. The coming attraction shows
a glimpse of a structure which could easily be the El
Tajin ruins. This building in not in the movie. The coming
attractions also feature views or a grander city which is
not in the movie. It was for this reason that I decided
to see the movie before it came out on DVD. Some things
just look so much better on a hugh screen.

Overall, I found the movie exciting, if too graphically
violent. Knowing what I know of the overall Maya culture,
I did not necessarily find it offensive to the Maya. The
movie is intended to be, and is presented as, a thriller.
I did not expect a deep discussion on cosmology or the
Popol Vul. The movie "The Killing Fields" was about war
atrocities in Cambodia during the 1960-70s. I did not
take it an a indictment of the entire Cambodian culture.
Nor, would I look on the "Conan The Barbarian" movies as
an indictment of the Aryan races.

Gibson has played up on some of the most violent parts
of the Maya culture. Some have seen it as a dark, fetish
fantasy about pain and violence. I can understand those
discussions. I would not recommend this movie to the feint
of heart, or to those who would hope to learn more about
the Maya.

Here is a long list of other reviews of the movie.

Apocalypto, Then and Now
http://www.consortiumnews.com/2006/121606b.html

Mad Mel and the Maya
http://www.thenation.com/doc/20061218/shorris

Forget your history lessons about what an advanced civilization the
Mayans were. Here they're bloodthirsty savages.
http://www.nypost.com/seven/12082006/entertainment/movies/passion_of_the_slice_movies_lou_lumenick.htm


A web of death-drives, false devotions, lofty pretenses,
auto-plagiarisms, sound but inarticulate craftsmanship, and
lowest-common-denominator provisions of trauma as entertainment.
http://www.nicksflickpicks.com/apoclypt.html

Unpleasant, pointless, gruesome, and exploitative, Apocalypto is the
worst movie of the year.
http://worldfilm.about.com/od/titlesaz/fr/apocalypto.htm

Apocalypto Ascribes Violent Outlook to Wrong People
http://news.newamericamedia.org/news/view_article.html?article_id=0a0aa81dd65af4470fca29759de6bc60


'Apocalypto' wins with modest opening
http://news.yahoo.com/s/ap/20061210/ap_en_mo/box_office

Mayan culture excelled in mathematics, astronomy, art and urban planning
but Mel's only interested in its savage cruelty and sadistic barbarity.
http://www.rottentomatoes.com/click/movie-1159012/reviews.php?critic=columns&sortby=rating&page=21&rid=1561256


This is Gibson's bloodlust pure and unfiltered, and it's depressing to
sit and watch him make the same film for the third time in a row.
http://english.ohmynews.com/articleview/article_view.asp?article_class=6&no=333060&rel_no=1


"Disaster-lypto" - Mel Gibson's Latest, Racist Insult
http://www.nativevue.org/blog/?p=264

Mel Gibson Is Responsible for All the Wars in the World
http://www.seattleweekly.com/film/0649/apocalypto.php

Regarding Mel Gibson's new film "Apocalypto"
http://www.okimc.org/newswire.php?story_id=2051

The movie doesn't leave you pondering the mysteries of a lost
civilization. It leaves you pondering the psychopathology of the
director.
http://www.nj.com/movies/ledger/index.ssf?/base/entertainment-0/116556117129650.xml&coll=1


Over-the-top violence mars a brilliant ethnographic thriller of ancient
times
http://www.hollywoodreporter.com/hr/film/reviews/article_display.jsp?&rid=8474


A true vision in every sense of the word, realized as a stunning ballet
of unforgettable visuals and unrelenting violence.
http://www.comingsoon.net/news/reviewsnews.php?id=17879

Apocalypto By Victoria Alexander
http://www.rottentomatoes.com/click/movie-1159012/reviews.php?critic=columns&sortby=default&page=1&rid=1562594


Mel, no one in your entourage is going to tell you this, but you are not
part of the solution, you are part of the problem. A big part.
http://www.calendarlive.com/movies/reviews/cl-et-apocalypto8dec08,0,275059.story


N.Y. Times
http://movies2.nytimes.com/gst/movies/movie.html?v_id=332343&excamp=GGMVapocalypto


Apocalypto is unquestionably the most reprehensible, brain-dead and
offensive movie I've seen all year, and this year has been a doozy.
http://www.rottentomatoes.com/vine/journal_view.php?journalid=372641

Audacious, savage, beautiful -- 'Apocalypto' is pure Gibson
http://seattlepi.nwsource.com/movies/295116_apocalypto08q.html

Gibson isn't interested in educating either us or himself ... [and] the
switch to pure action allows him to indulge in his by-now predictable
sadism.
http://charlotte.creativeloafing.com/gyrobase/Content?oid=oid%3A106997

Smolders with cinematic fever
http://paloaltoonline.com/movies/moviescreener.php?id=002455&type=long

Think and say what you will about the beliefs and actions of Mel Gibson.
One conclusion, however, is undeniable: He's a powerfully effective
filmmaker.
http://www.austinchronicle.com/gyrobase/Calendar/Film?Film=oid%3A425445

The premise of Cornel Wilde's 'The Naked Prey,' the jungle savagery of a
1980s Italian cannibal film and the sadomasochistic martyr-complex
obsessions that apparently churn like a ball of snakes inside Mel
Gibson's head are all here
http://www.commercialappeal.com/mca/movies/article/0,1426,MCA_15400_5213437,00.html


Mel Gibson Goes Native: Apocalypto
http://www.epinions.com/content_289203785348

In this family-values action film, you could never accuse Gibson of
being unconvincing where blood and sadism are concerned.
http://variagate.com/mayans.htm?RT

"A true vision in every sense of the word, realized as a stunning ballet
of unforgettable visuals and unrelenting violence."
http://comingsoon.net/news/reviewsnews.php?id=17879

Apocalypto matches the intensity and visceral excitement of both
Braveheart and The Passion, and provides daring filmgoers a bona fide
original film experience.
http://www.democratandchronicle.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20061208/LIVING0107/612080356/1065/ENT04


Whatever you think of Mel Gibson, the person, forget it and marvel at
Mel Gibson, the filmmaker.
http://community.compuserve.com/n/pfx/forum.aspx?tsn=1&nav=messages&webtag=ws-showbiz&tid=21988&redirCnt=1


It's unlike any other movie to reach theaters this year and, because it
is as visual an experience as it is visceral, it is best seen on a large
screen.
http://www.reelviews.net/movies/a/apocalypto.html

There's a savage magnificence to Apocalypto, with visuals worthy of
Fellini or David Lynch, and the kind of relentless excitement that only
a few filmmakers can deliver.
http://www.startribune.com/1553/story/860563.html

You could dog-ear the pages of every thesaurus imaginable, though, and
still not be able to capture the visceral power that Gibson presents.
You just have to see it.
http://www.southflorida.com/movies/sfl-shapocalyptodec08,0,508341.story?coll=sfe-movies-promo


It's a mesmerizing vision of the past refracted through the dark
obsessions of the present.
http://www.tvguide.com/detail/movie.aspx?tvobjectid=284437&more=ucmoviereview


Whatever you may think about Gibson the man, Apocalypto shows he's
determined to lay all his art and sweat and blood up there on the
screen.
http://www.film-finder.com/review.asp?ID=52693

The seamlessness of the actors' performances underscores Gibson's
directing skills.
http://www.sacbee.com/624/story/88750.html

With a ferocity that is often as difficult to take as it is fascinating
to watch, Mel Gibson's Apocalypto comes crashing across 500 years of
history with such immediacy that it feels as if this haunting, fierce,
sadistic movie will never leave you.
http://ae.mercurynews.com/entertainment/ui/mercurynews/movie.html?id=765326&reviewId=21919


Gibson may have ravaged his career, but he has also created an
extraordinary world we've never seen and leaves us with a glimpse of the
hard future to come.
http://ae.miami.com/entertainment/ui/miami/movie.html?id=765326&reviewId=21921


Apocalypto is primal.
http://ae.philly.com/entertainment/ui/philly/movie.html?id=765326&reviewId=21915


Gibson has delivered an impeccably crafted action-adventure that starts
fast and never lets up.
http://seattletimes.nwsource.com/html/movies/2003466520_apocalypto08.html


Gibson has made a film of blunt provocation and bruising beauty.
http://www.rollingstone.com/reviews/movie/9387680/review/12626008/apocalypto


It's the cinematic equivalent of Pop Rocks and soda.
http://www.aznightbuzz.com/stories/159015.php

Director Mel Gibson puts all his psychoses on screen and comes out an
auteur, a director of distinctive vision if troubled mind.
http://www.reelingreviews.com/apocalypto.htm#Laura

Apocalypto may not be one of the best movies of the year, but it surely
stands shoulder to shoulder with those exceptional efforts of 2006 -- at
least from an artistic perspective.
http://www.dvdverdict.com/judgeblog/bgibron/post/1421

Offers non-stop excitement and we MEAN non-stop, an electrifying epic in
every sense of the word.
http://maximonline.com/entertainment/reviews.aspx?p_id=12449

Apocalypto" isn't a movie for everyone, Lord knows. Those who dislike
even the thought of a big, black jungle cat chewing the face off a
fallen warrior should probably see another movie.
http://www.mtv.com/news/?source=TLD_mtvnews.com#/movies/news/articles/1547594/20061208/story.jhtml


Gibson's directorial efforts have been fairly blood-soaked historical
exercises -- and Apocalyto isn't just more of the same, it's entirely
too much of the same. ... Apocalypto is a career-ending flop, and easily
the worst movie of 2006.
http://www.cinematical.com/2006/12/07/review-apocalypto/

Apocalypto is an exploitative, over-the-top, and nauseatingly pointless
display of bloodshed devoid of any real story.
http://movies.about.com/od/apocalypto/fr/apocalypto1206.htm

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News articles:
---------------------


Native American? The tribe says no
http://www.usatoday.com/news/nation/2006-11-28-tribes-cover_x.htm

Appellants disenrolled for speaking out
http://orovillemr.com/news/ci_4828656

San Diego Area Native American Tribes Become Big Arts Funders
http://www.playbillarts.com/news/article/5579.html

Collector turns ancient American Indian tools into décor
http://www.mysanantonio.com/entertainment/visualarts/stories/MYSA121706.1P.arrow.lady.15dc791.html


US Congressman-elect John Hall and Native American Activist Buffy
Saint-Marie to Serve as Keynote Speakers for the 19th Annual
International Folk Alliance Conference
http://www.modernguitars.com/archives/002613.html

SENATE APPROVES DORGAN BILL TO FIGHT METH USE ON AMERICAN INDIAN
RESERVATIONS
http://dorgan.senate.gov/newsroom/record.cfm?id=266723

MSU Students Collect Donations for Native American Children
http://www.keyc.tv/article/view/112364/

American Indian artifacts in traveling exhibit give kids feel for state
history
http://www.sun-sentinel.com/news/local/palmbeach/sfl-phistory12dec12,0,4267129.story?track=rss


American Indian veterans' cemetery bill passes Congress
http://albuquerque.bizjournals.com/albuquerque/stories/2006/12/11/daily5.html


Ninth Circuit Reverses Lower Court Ruling and Halts Development on
10,000 Year Old Sacred Site at Medicine Lake
http://www.law.stanford.edu/news/pr/45/

Piece of Mandan history for sale
http://www.bismarcktribune.com/articles/2006/11/22/news/local/124336.txt

Chumash house is being rebuilt
http://venturacountystar.com/vcs/co_valley/article/0,1375,VCS_166_5139933,00.html


Indian veterans to be honored
http://www.pe.com/localnews/riverside/stories/PE_News_Local_D_indian09.38d4d22.html


AUKA - Communication From the Kumiai Nation
http://www.bajatimes.com/art11.html

Candidates who received tribal money fared well
http://www.thedesertsun.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20061109/NEWS06/611090347/1012/news06


What Indian money buys
http://www.eastvalleytribune.com/index.php?sty=77175

Final solution for Connecticut tribes violates international law
http://www.indiancountry.com/content.cfm?id=1096414189

Army unveils Light Utility Helicopter UH-72A Lakota
http://www.emilitary.org/article.php?aid=9197

Dine' Establish Blockade Near Proposed Power Plant Site
http://www.arizona.indymedia.org/news/2006/12/53357.php

Report: TV Diversity Increasing, Slowly
http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2006/12/08/ap/entertainment/mainD8LSCDQ00.shtml


President signs bill to preserve native languages
http://www.kobtv.com/index.cfm?viewer=storyviewer&id=29325&cat=TRIBES

Local Energy, Local Power: Tribes lead the way to energy democracy with
local control of renewable production
http://www.yesmagazine.org/article.asp?ID=1553

NCAI joins Native American Students at Dartmouth College in Calling for
a Meaningful Response to a Series of Racist Incidents
http://www.ncai.org/News_View.19+M539e59485f8.0.html?&tx_ttnews[backPid]=18&tx_ttnews[pS]=1166348521&tx_ttnews[tt_news]=227


Tim Giago: Indian people mark 500 years of terrorism
http://indianz.com/News/2006/015820.asp

Human history: It's all relative
http://www.grandforksherald.com/articles/index.cfm?id=20284&forumcomm_check_return&freebie_check&CFID=10968154&CFTOKEN=30129506&jsessionid=88303e97d97013477e44


Tohono O'odham district bars armed National Guard
http://www.azstarnet.com/allheadlines/159989

New Salt River president won't drop liquor issue
http://indianz.com/News/2006/017393.asp

Town lawyers say Shinnecocks eye huge resort
http://www.newsday.com/news/local/longisland/ny-lishin1215%2C0%2C4335907.story?coll=ny-top-headlines


Yukon First Nation tells drug dealers to back off
http://www.cbc.ca/news/story/2006/08/23/north-first-nations-drugs.html

Paper publishes special report on Arizona tribes
http://indianz.com/News/2006/017363.asp

Elderly First Nations woman has claim rejected
http://www.cbc.ca/canada/saskatchewan/story/2006/12/14/residential-schools.html


First Nation agreement
http://www.cbc.ca/news/story/2000/08/21/bc_firstnations000821.html

Two-part determination for St. Regis Mohawk Tribe
http://indianz.com/IndianGaming/2006/017390.asp

John Mohawk, Seneca author and educator, dies at 61
http://www.syracuse.com/news/poststandard/index.ssf?/base/news-8/1166090737297770.xml


Female candidates fare well in Zuni election
http://www.gallupindependent.com/2006/dec/121306nkj_cyatespliciowin.html

Official: Judicial panel unlikely to resolve OST election dispute
http://www.rapidcityjournal.com/articles/2006/12/14/news/local/news13.txt


Oglala Sioux Tribe has two working presidents
http://indianz.com/News/2006/017299.asp

Totem Pole Memorial
http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/panorama/2006/12/13/PA2006121300618.html


Bill subjects First Nations to human rights law
http://indianz.com/News/2006/017371.asp

N.W.T. First Nation fears oilsands development
http://www.cbc.ca/canada/north/story/2006/11/27/nwt-oilsands.html

New Cobell judge has experience with DOI
http://indianz.com/News/2006/017364.asp

B.C. First Nations yield on whale hunt
http://www.cbc.ca/canada/british-columbia/story/2006/12/12/bc-whaling.html


Seminoles to extend Hard Rock's gambling, hotel business
http://www.sun-sentinel.com/business/local/sfl-zhardrock13dec13%2C0%2C4912035.story


Eastern Cherokee chief could veto voting legislation
http://www.citizen-times.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=200661211059

Tohono O'odham celebrate culture
http://www.azstarnet.com/sn/tribes/159269

Casinos and amazing cliff dwellings
http://www.azstarnet.com/sn/tribes/159559

Katsinas connect Hopi carver to his culture
http://www.azstarnet.com/sn/tribes/159387

Tribes are in control of immense areas in Arizona
http://www.azstarnet.com/sn/tribes/159827

Spectacular scenery abounds on tribal lands
http://www.azstarnet.com/sn/tribes/159552

Mojave inhabit land in 3 states
http://www.azstarnet.com/sn/tribes/159549

Yaquis' first Indian CEO ready for growth
http://www.azstarnet.com/sn/tribes/159603

O'odham youths learn traditions of farming
http://www.azstarnet.com/sn/tribes/154057

More protests likely over plan for toxic-waste dump in Sonora
http://www.azstarnet.com/sn/tribes/157964

Indian casinos' autonomy at issue
http://www.azstarnet.com/sn/tribes/154668

A Dead Indian Language Is Brought Back to Life
http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2006/12/11/AR2006121101474.html


Age of archaeology turns 100
http://www.usatoday.com/tech/science/2006-12-06-archaeology-centennial_x.htm?csp=34


Look back in time at Signal Hill
http://www.azstarnet.com/allheadlines/159404

Mojave once was a doodle pad
http://www.latimes.com/travel/la-tr-chinalake5nov05,0,4036833.story

OLD URANIUM MINES BRING NEW HEALTH PROBLEMS
http://www.mercurynews.com/mld/mercurynews/news/nation/16208274.htm?source=rss


The biggest killer in the Southwest SMALLPOX
http://www.dchieftain.com/news/67279-12-09-06.html

Native Americans Presence in Media
http://www.hearusnow.org/other/communities/nativeamerican/

Interior officials to testify in Schaghticoke appeal
http://www.indiancountry.com/content.cfm?id=1096414010

Schaghticoke marriage rates may have met precedents
http://www.indiancountry.com/content.cfm?id=1096414121


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That's it for now.

Have a great month.

Phil Konstantin
http://americanindian.net


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End of Phil Konstantin's December 2006 Newsletter - Part 2
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My website's home page My Website's Home Page My main links page with connections to thousands of other websites Links: (8,700 and counting) my page with tribal name meanings & alternate tribal names Tribal Names
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Four of the five books I have worked on. I either wrote, co-wrote, or contributed to each of these beeks

This is the cover to my first book. 
Click here to got more info, or to order a copy. Click on the cover to order a copy or to get more info.
This Day in North American Indian History
This Day in North American Indian History is a one-of-a-kind, vastly entertaining and informative book covering over 5000 years of North American Indian history, culture, and lore. Wide-ranging, it covers over 4,000 important events involving the native peoples of North America in a unique day-by-day format.

The thousands of entries in This Day in North American Indian History weave a compelling and comprehensive mosaic of North American Indian history spanning more than five millennia-every entry an exciting opening into the fascinating but little- known history of American Indians.

Over 100 photographs and illustrations - This book has 480 pages, weighs 2.2 pounds and is 8" by 9.5" in size. The Dates, Names and "Moons" section of these pages are based on the book.

This is the cover to my 4th book. 
Click here to got more info, or to order a copy or to get more info.
This is the cover to my 4th book. Click here to got more info, or to order a copy or to get more info."


Native American History For Dummies

I wrote six of the twenty-four chapters in this book. I am credited with being the technical editor. Book Description:
Native American History For Dummies introduces readers to the thousand-year-plus history of the first inhabitants of North America and explains their influence on the European settlement of the continent. Covering the history and customs of the scores of tribes that once populated the land, this friendly guide features vivid studies of the lives of such icons as Pocahontas, Sitting Bull, and Sacagawea; discusses warfare and famous battles, offering new perspectives from both battle lines; and includes new archaeological and forensic evidence, as well as oral histories that show events from the perspective of these indigenous peoples. The authors worked in concert with Native American authorities, institutions, and historical experts to provide a wide range of insight and information.
This is the cover to my 3rd book. 
Click here to got more info, or to order a copy or to get more info.
This is the cover to my 3rd book. Click here to got more info, or to order a copy or to get more info
Treaties With American Indians I wrote an article and several appendix items for this book.
Clips from a review on Amazon.com: *Starred Review* In the 93 years from 1778 until 1871, there were more than 400 treaties negotiated by Indian agents and government officials. Editor Fixico and more than 150 contributors have crafted a three volume comprehensive tool that will soon become essential for anyone interested in the topic. A resource section with lists of ?Alternate Tribal Names and Spellings,? ?Tribal Name Meanings,? (<---- I wrote this part) Treaties by Tribe,? and ?Common Treaty Names? and a bibliography and comprehensive index are repeated in each volume. This impressive set has a place in any academic library that supports a Native American studies or American history curriculum. It is the most comprehensive source of information on Canadian-Indian treaties and U.S.-Indian treaties. Also available as an e-book.

"The Wacky World of Laws"
It was just released in May 2009.
The Wacky World of Laws. Click on the cover to order a copy or to get more info.

The Wacky World of Laws is a compilation of U.S. and International Laws that are out of the ordinary. With the U.S. churning out 500,000 new laws every year and 2 million regulations annually, this book is the ideal go-to book fro everyone who wants a good laugh at the expense of our legal system. Law so often can be boring! Now with The Wacky World of Laws, you can be the hit of any water cooler conversation, and amaze your friends with precious legal nuggets.

I wrote most of this book. It is my fifth book.


(copyright, © Phil Konstantin, 2010)






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since September 4, 2005