December 2002 Newsletter Part 1 from
"On This Date in North American Indian History"
by Phil Konstantin
Copyright © Phil Konstantin (1996-2002)

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Start of December 2002 Newsletter
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Greetings,

It is time for another newsletter. In fact, it is past time for one. I 
have delayed this newsletter in hope of being able to pass along some 
good news. Unfortunately, the news is not what I had hoped for.

Ruth Garby Torres and I have been e-mailing each other for some time. 
Last month I had the pleasure of getting to meet Ruth, and her husband, 
at the National Congress of American Indians meeting in San Diego. Ruth 
is a very active member of the Schaghticoke tribe in Connecticut. The 
Schaghticoke have been trying to get federal recognition for a long 
time. A preliminary ruling was delivered on their petition late on 
Thursday. Unfortunately, the Bureau of Indian Affairs ruled that the 
Schaghticoke did not meet their requirement for federal recognition.

The Schaghticoke have a nice website which discusses their tribe, its 
history, and the federal recognition in detail. You can find it at this 
address. 

http://www.schaghticoke.com/ 

If you would like to read up on this specific ruling, here are websites 
which have more details:

http://www.doi.gov/news/021205a.htm
http://www.indianz.com/docs/bia/stn120502.pdf   
(you must have Adobe Reader for the second link, it is a free program)
http://www.theday.com/news/ts-re.asp?NewsUID=73CD7A2C-81D3-43B5-A1F7-25A987D08CDE


My sympathies go out to the Schaghticoke people. They have worked long 
and hard to get the federal government to recognize what the state of 
Connecticut (and most historians) has known for hundreds of years. There 
is an appeal process. I wish them luck.

===================================

Incidentally, there is still time to order a copy of my book, or almost 
anything, through the links on my store page and get it before 
Christmas. The links will lead you to many online stores. You will get 
the same price as if you had gone directly to that site. I get a small 
refer fee if you make your purchase through my link. I use the money I 
make to help support my website and this newsletter (not to mention my 
kids :-)   )

http://americanindian.net/store.html

===============================

The Link of the Month for December 2002 is "Dawes Enrollment Cards - 
Final Rolls 1898- 1914" 

This site, from AccessGenealogy.com, has a plethora (how often do you 
get to use that word!) of information on tribal enrollment cards. These 
are the documents the US federal government compiled as they took their 
official census of the various Indian tribes. " The Final Rolls of the 
Citizens and Freedmen of the Five Civilized Tribes in Indian Territory 
list the names of the individuals who were allowed on the tribal rolls 
by the Dawes Commission." It is a great source for genealogy, 
information, and it has excellent links. 

http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/enroll/ 

===================================

This month's Treaty of the Month is the "TREATY WITH THE SENECA AND 
SHAWNEE," signed on December 29, 1832. It covers: "Cession to the United 
States; Grant to Indians; Grist and saw mill, etc; Claims against the 
United States; and Rights under existing treaties." You can find it at:
http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/sen0383.htm

===================================

While going through some online archives, I came across the story of 
John Rice. While serving in the army in the Korean war, he was killed in 
a battle. His body was returned to Sioux City for burial. When cemetery 
officials discovered he was a Winnebago, they denied his right to be 
buried in a "Caucasians only" cemetery. President Truman intervene, and 
he was buried in Arlington Cemetery. The links below tell his story, 
what happened in the years around 1951, and what has happened in the 
past few years.

SIOUX CITY HISTORY: Sergeant John Rice
http://www.siouxcityhistory.org/People/SergeantJohnRice.asp

Sgt. John Rice Memorial Parade
http://www.sioux-city.org/Interactive/PressReleases/records.asp?Title=Sgt%2E+John+Rice+Memorial+Parade


John R. Rice, Sergeant, United States Army
http://www.arlingtoncemetery.com/jrrice.htm

Hero's Rejection Is a Lingering Hurt 
http://mytwobeadsworth.com/SgtRice.html

WEDNESDAY, August 29 | Justice Served - audio file from NPR
http://www.npr.org/ramfiles/me/20010829.me.12.ram


===================================

Links to article, news stories, or other interesting things:

CHP officer writes American Indian history book (Hey, that's me!)
http://www.nctimes.net/news/2002/20021110/53452.html

Petition seeks apology from Congress for Indians
http://www.rapidcityjournal.com/articles/2002/12/05/news/local/news06.txt


Statement by Assistant Secretary Neal McCaleb on Decision to Retire from 
Public Service
http://www.okit.com/news/2002/novdec/MCCALEBretires.html

An article about McCaleb's retirement (1/3 of the way down the page)
http://www.nwifc.wa.gov/newsinfo/newsrelsdet.asp?ID=102

Senators propose halting BIA recognition 
http://www.theday.com/news/ts-re.asp?NewsUID=A381FA21-A9CD-4D2D-BC13-5A62E64B1788


Scary times ahead for sovereignty as U.S. Supreme Court looms
http://indiancountry.com/?1039185572

Lumbees hopeful about full recognition next time
http://www.charlotte.com/mld/observer/news/local/4618632.htm

Mission Delores in San Francisco hosts healing ceremony
http://indiancountry.com/?1039098360

A roundup of Native news from Canada
http://indiancountry.com/?1038926061

Joe Shirley elected Navajo Nation President
http://indiancountry.com/?1036940123

Viejas tribe pulls out of state gaming alliance 
http://www.signonsandiego.com/news/metro/20021206-9999_8n6tribes.html

Samish seek fishing rights, calling treaty 'soul of the tribe'
http://seattlepi.nwsource.com/local/98746_samish06.shtml

Native Americans in Pleasanton to sue U.S. government: One-time 'Verona 
Band' demand reservation; Indian Affairs official says tribe doesn't 
legally exist
http://www.oaklandtribune.com/Stories/0%2C1413%2C82%257E1726%257E1033793%2C00.html


More call on Tohono chairman to resign 
http://www.indianz.com/News/show.asp?ID=2002/12/06/manuel

Choctaw educator recognized 
http://www.newsok.com/cgi-bin/show_article?ID=957044

New home for Davis Inlet Innu won't be ready for Christmas 
http://www.cbc.ca/stories/2002/12/04/innu021204

Study just a start : City must act to help solve problems for 
immigrants, Native Americans
http://www.argusleader.com/editorial/Thursdayfeature.shtml

DNR Board accepts Brule River master plan
http://www.startribune.com/stories/568/3475967.html

Mohegan Sun hits monetary milestone: Casino resort has net revenues of 
$1.042 billion for fiscal year
http://www.theday.com/news/ts-re.asp?NewsUID=E219E063-181D-4675-964B-CCF2D5598E03


Sand Creek plaque now refers to massacre
http://www.indianz.com/News/show.asp?ID=2002/12/02/sandcreek

Racism from up high: Tulsa World Editorial causes concern in Indian 
Country
http://www.okit.com/opinion/2002/novdec/racismuphigh.html

Drinking increases Indian SIDS risk 
http://www.montanaforum.com/rednews/2002/12/04/build/tribal/drinking-sids.php?nnn=4


Indian leader killed Tuesday in car accident 
http://www.montanaforum.com/rednews/2002/12/02/build/tribal/sangreyobit.php?nnn=4


Dig Uncovers Earliest Writing in New World
http://www.newswise.com/articles/2002/12/WRITINGS.FSU.html

Shhh, Old Books
http://www.reznetnews.org/news/021202_library/

Helping Hands for Herds
http://www.reznetnews.org/news/021202_bison/

‘Fighting Whites’ team raise $100,000 from T-shirt sales for 
scholarships for Indians
http://www.shobannews.com/national.html#anchoroct19

2003 American Indian Festival of Words Author Award goes to Vine 
Deloria, Jr.
http://www.okit.com/arts/2002/dec/festivalofwords.html

Here are some pictures taken at the Navajo Rodeo
http://wpni01.auroraquanta.com/pv/navajorodeo

===================================

Here are some e-mails I have received from subscribers:


Juliana Marez sent me the following holiday story. It is in English and 
Lakota:


A Lakota Christmas Story (Night Before Christmas)
Twas the akpaza before Christmas, when all through the tipi,
not a creature was skinciya, not even the cikci.
The moccasins were laid by the aun with care,
in hopes that Waziya soon would be there.
The wakanyeja were nestled all snug in their skins,
while visions of wojapi and fry bread drooled down their chins.
And Wakanyuza in her shawl, and miye in my braid,
had just settled our brains for Aihanbla to be made.

When TiiMeyapaya there rose such a clatter,
Miye psil from my deerskin to see what was the matter,
away to the tiyopa miye flew like a deer,
Tore open the ha through the akpaza to peer.
The wimima on the breast of the new fallen snow,
gave a luster of omaste to objects below.
When, what to my wondering ista did miye see,
but a miniature drag and isagalogan tiny buffalo.
With a little akan wicasa, so lively and quick,
Miye knew in a moment it must be Chief Nick.

More rapid than anunkasan his coursers, they came,
and he whooped, and he howled, and he called them by name.
Now Wanji, now Yamni, now Zaptan, and Nunpa.
on Sakpe, on Sakowan, on Sagalogan and Topa.
The top of the bloaliya, to the top of the hide,
Now dash away, dash away, now let us ride.
As dry leaves that before the wild canska fly,
when they meet with an obstacle, mount to the sky.
So up on the tipi top the coursers they flew,
With a drag full of games, and Waziya, too.

And then, in a twinkling, miye heard on the ground
the skeheya and pawing on each little mound.
As miye drew in my pa, and was turning around,
over the aun Waziya leaped with a bound.
He was dressed ataya in fur, from his pa to his foot,
and his ogle was all tarnished with dirt and soot.
A pahtapi of games he had flung on his back,
and he looked like a peddler just kablaga his pack.

His ista, how they twinkled! His dimples, how merry!
His cheeks were like onjinjintka, his papinkpa like a chokecherry!
His droll little wicai was drawn up like a bow,
and the braid on his pa was as skaya as snow.
And the smoke, it encircled his pa like a wreath,
seeming to cloak the wicasa beneath.
He had a broad aposin and a big cesiksice belly,
that shook, when he pahyutibya, like a bowl of buffalo berry jelly.
He was chubby and cesiksice, a right jolly akan elf,
and miye laughed when miye saw him in spite of myself.

A wink of his ista, and a twist of his pa,
soon gave me to know miye had nothing to kokipa.
He spoke not a word, but went straight to his work,
he filled all the moccasins, then turned with a jerk.
And laying his napsu aside his nose,
and giving a pakahunka, up the tent pole he rose.
He psil to his drag, to his team gave a jingle,
and away they ataya flew, okaho like an eagle.

But miye heard him exclaim as he drove out of sight,
Waziya Wayuwaken to ataya and to ataya a good-akpaza.



Story Adaptation by Albert Lee Moran (Lakolya)
Originally adapted in 1971, revised 1995.
If you would like english translations,
send e-mail to: Lako-@aol.com.

     --------------------------------------------------------------

I got this from Ruth Torres:


The National Native American Law Enforcement Association (NNALEA) would 
like to remind you that its Academic Scholarship deadline is December 
15, 2002. If you know of a Native American student who might like to 
apply, please direct him or her to our website at
http://www.nnalea.org/scholarship.htm.

Each year, NNALEA presents five scholarships to deserving Indian 
students. Four are $1,000 each and the Don Leaonard Scholarship is 
$1,500. This year's scholarship recipients will notified by December 
31, 2002.

Scholarship applicants must be of Indian heritage, have a 2.5 grade 
point average, provide an official transcript and write a 200 word essay 
about how relations between law enforcement and people in Indian Country 
can be improved. The applications are evaluated on a scale of 1-10 with 
10 being the best. The applicant with the highest score will receive the 
Don Leonard Memorial Scholarship.

Please send your questions me to schola-@nnalea.org.

Jill Willis
NNALEA Academic Scholarships

       -------------------------------------------------------

Joseph Red Cloud sent me this:


NEWS RELEASE from the United States Department of Defense

No. 609-02
(703)697-5131(media)
IMMEDIATE RELEASE
December 2, 2002
(703)428-0711(public/industry)

DOD SELECTS TRIBAL COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES FOR GRANTS

The Department of Defense (DoD) announced today plans to award
instrumentation grants totaling $3.3 million to 13 tribal colleges and 
universities (TCUs). These grants will be made under the fiscal 2002 DoD 
Historically Black Colleges and Universities and Minority Institutions 
Infrastructure Support Program. The grants will enhance programs and 
capabilities at these minority institutions in scientific disciplines 
critical to national security and the DoD.

This announcement is the result of merit competition for
infrastructure support funding conducted for the Office of Defense 
Research and Engineering by the Army Research Office. The fiscal 2002 
TCUs program solicitation received 16 proposals in response to a broad 
agency announcement issued in June 2002. The Army Research Office plans 
to award 13 grants ranging from $55,000 to $400,000, only after written 
agreements are reached between the DoD and the institutions.

The list of recipients is available on the Web at
http://www.defenselink.mil/news/Dec2002/d20021202tcu.pdf.


        --------------------------------------------------

Norma, an e-mail friend of mine sent this interesting story. It is not 
about Indians, but it is historical. I thought you might enjoy it.



One Dollars Worth
The United States One Dollar Bill. 

Take out a one dollar bill, and look at it. The one dollar bill you're 
looking at first came off the presses in 1957 in its present design.

This so-called paper money is in fact a cotton and linen blend with red 
and blue minute silk fibers running through it is actually material. 
We've all washed it without it falling apart. A special blend of ink is 
used, the contents we will never know. It is overprinted with symbols 
and then it is starched to make it water resistant and pressed to give 
it that nice crisp look. If you look on the front of the bill, you will 
see the United States Treasury Seal. On the top, you will see the scales 
for a balanced budget. In the center you have a carpenter's square, a 
tool used for an even cut. Underneath is the Key to the United States 
Treasury. That's all pretty easy to figure out, but what is on the back 
of that dollar bill is something we should all know.

If you turn the bill over, you will see two circles. Both circles, 
together, comprise the Great Seal of the United States. The First 
Continental Congress requested that Benjamin Franklin and a group of men 
come up with a Seal. It took them four years to accomplish this task 
and another two years to get it approved. If you look at the left-hand 
circle, you will see a Pyramid. Notice the face is lighted and the 
western side is dark. This country was just beginning. We had not begun 
to explore the West or decided what we could do for Western 
Civilization. The Pyramid is un-capped, again signifying that we were 
not even close to being finished. Inside the capstone, you have the 
all-seeing eye, an ancient symbol for divinity. It was Franklin's 
belief that one man couldn't do it alone, but a group of men, with the 
help of God, could do anything. "In God We Trust" is on this currency, 
but that phrase was added in the 1950s during the Red Scare. Prior to 
that, none of our paper currency had that phrase. The Latin above the 
pyramid, Annuit Coeptis, means, "God has favored our undertaking." The 
Latin below the pyramid, Novus Ordo Seclorum, means, "a new order has 
begun."

At the base of the pyramid is the Roman Numeral for 1776. If you look at 
the right-hand circle, and check it carefully, you will learn that it is 
on every National Cemetery in the United States. It is also on the 
Parade of Flags Walkway at the Bushnell, Florida National Cemetery and 
is the centerpiece of most heroes' monuments. Slightly modified, it is 
the seal of the President of the United States, and it is always visible 
whenever he speaks, yet very few people know what the symbols mean. The 
Bald Eagle was selected as a symbol for victory for two reasons: First, 
he is not afraid of a storm; he is strong, and he is smart enough to 
soar above it. Second, he wears no material crown. We had just broken 
from the King of England. Also, notice the shield is unsupported. This 
country can now stand on its own. At the top of that shield you have a 
white bar signifying 
congress, a unifying factor. We were coming together as one nation. In 
the Eagle's beak you will read, "E Pluribus Unum", meaning, "one nation 
from many people." Above the Eagle, you have thirteen stars, 
representing the thirteen original colonies and any clouds of 
misunderstanding rolling away. Again, we were coming together as one. 
Notice what the Eagle holds in his talons. He holds an olive branch and 
arrows. This country wants peace, but we will never be afraid to fight 
to preserve peace. The Eagle always wants to face the olive branch, but 
in time of war, his gaze turns toward the arrows.

They say that the number 13 is an unlucky number. This is almost a 
worldwide belief. You will usually never see a room numbered 13, or any 
hotels or motels with a 13th floor. But think about this:
13 original colonies,
13 signers of the Declaration of Independence,
13 stripes on our flag,
13 steps on the Pyramid,
13 letters in the Latin above,
13 letters in "E Pluribus Unum",
13 stars above the Eagle,
13 bars on that shield,
13 leaves on the olive branch,
13 fruits,
and if you look closely, 13 arrows.
And, for minorities: the 13th Amendment.
I always ask people, "Why don't you know this?"
Your children don't know this, and their history teachers don't know 
this. Too many veterans have given up too much to ever let the meaning 
fade. Many veterans remember coming home to an America that didn't 
care. Too many veterans never came home at all. Share this page with 
everyone, so they can learn what is on the back of the UNITED STATES ONE 
DOLLAR BILL and what it stands for. Otherwise, they will probably never 
know... 

===================================

Here's some interesting quotes... thought some of you might enjoy 
reading these. I did.

"The time to repair the roof is when the sun is shining." ---- John F. 
Kennedy

"Small opportunities are often the beginning of great experiences." --- 
Demosthenes

"The secret of joy in work is contained in one word - excellence. To 
know how to do something well is to enjoy it." --- Pearl Buck

"Laughing is the sensation of feeling good all over and showing it 
principally in one spot." --- Josh Billings

"The trees that are slow to grow bear the best fruit." --- Moliere

"To a friend's house the road is never long." --- Anonymous

"From what we get, we can make a living; what we give, however, makes a 
life." --- Arthur Ashe

"If you can find a path with no obstacles, it probably doesn't lead 
anywhere." --- Frank A. Clark

"Only a fool tests the depth of the water with both feet." --- African 
Proverb

"Nothing great was ever achieved without enthusiam." --- Ralph Waldo 
Emerson

"If your ship doesn't come in, swim out to it." --- Jonathan Winters

"If a window of opportunity appears, don't pull down the shade." --- Tom 
Peters

"What would life be if we had no courage to attempt anything?" --- 
Vincent Van Gogh

"He who never made a mistake never made a discovery." --- Samuel Smiles

"Few things help an individual more than to place responsiblity upon him 
and to let him know that you trust in him." --- Booker T. Washington

"Many things are lost for want for of asking." --- English Proverb

"The reward for work well done is the opportunity to do some more." --- 
Jonas Salk, M.D.

"Luck is a matter of preparation meeting opportunity." --- Oprah Winfrey

"Seven days without laughter makes one weak." --- Joel Goodman

"A man is not finished when he is defeated. He is finished when he 
quits." --- President R.M. Nixon

"The naked truth is always better than the best-dressed lie."


===================================





===================================

Here are some randon events in American Indian history for December


December 1, 1983: The “base membership roll” established for the Pascua 
Yaqui Indians on September 18, 1980, is approved by the Phoenix Area 
Director.

December 2, 1842: The Cherokee pass a law which calls for the death 
penalty for any tribal member who cedes land to the United States. 
    
December 3, 735: Two Maya kingdoms battle today. Forces under Balah Kan 
K’awil (B'alaj Chan K'awiil) from Dos Pilas, Guatemala, defeat Yich’ak 
Balam at Seibal, Guatemala.

December 4, 1862: The thirty-eight Santee Sioux Indians sentenced to 
hang by the courts for their part in the uprising are being held by 
Colonel Henry Sibley's troops in a prison camp on the South Bend of the 
Minnesota River. Tonight, an angry mob of local citizens tries to raid 
the camp and lynch the Indians. The soldiers are able to keep the angry 
crowd from getting to the prisoners. 
     
December 5, 1855: The Columbia River volunteers, under Nathan Olney, are 
near Fort Walla Walla, in southeastern Washington, when they encounter 
Pio-pio-mox-mox's (Yellow Serpent) band of WallaWallas. Pio has looted 
the Hudson Bay Company's Fort Walla Walla, but he has always been 
neutral or helped the Americans in the past. He advanced under a flag of 
truce and wanted to return the booty. But an agreement cannot be 
reached. Pio refuses to fight, and Olney's men take Pio, and four 
others, prisoners. 

December 6, 1866: Red Cloud, Crazy Horse, Yellow Eagle, and High Back 
Bone, and their followers, have been harassing Colonel Henry 
Carrington's troops from Fort Phil Kearny, in northern Wyoming. They 
stage several raids and ambushes along the road from the fort to the 
nearby woods. Colonel Carrington leads his troops in some of the 
fighting. Several soldiers are killed in the fighting. Carrington is 
called "Little White Chief" by the Indians. This skirmish sets the stage 
for the “Fetterman Massacre” on December 21, 1866.

December 7, 1675: In the name of Charles II, the Massachusetts Bay 
Colony issues a formal proclamation declaring war on the Narragansett. 

December 8, 1869: Louis Riel releases his manifesto “Declaration of the 
People of Rupert's Land and the North-West.” The document declares a 
provisional government for the area.

December 9, 1531: According to most sources, Juan Diego 
(Cuauhtlatoatzin), a Nahua, first sees the apparition of the Virgin Mary 
on a hill called Tepeyacac in Mexico. Many Aztec and Nahua considered 
Tepeyacac to be a sacred site. Juan Diego sees her again each day until 
December 12th.

December 10, 1850: Federal agents sign a treaty with the Lipan Apache, 
Caddo, Comanche, Quapaw, Tawakoni and Waco Indians near the San Sabá 
River in Texas.   

December 11, 1890: Sitting Bull sends a letter to Indian Agent 
McLaughlin. He says he is going to the Pine Ridge Agency. 
    
December 12, 1531: According to most sources, Juan Diego 
(Cuauhtlatoatzin), a Nahua, sees the apparition of the Virgin Mary on a 
hill called Tepeyacac in Mexico again. He first saw her on December 9th. 
According to Juan Diego, the Virgin Mary instructs him to carry some 
roses in his macehualli (a cloak) to the local Bishop as proof of her 
appearance. When the macehualli is opened before the Bishop, an image of 
the Virgin Mary appears on the cloak among the rose petals. The 
macehualli is still on display in the church (Our Lady of Guadalupe) 
built to honor the event.

You can see a photo I took of the church and the cloak on this page:


December 13, 1788: Northwest Territory Governor Arthur St. Claire has 
called for a peace conference with the tribes of the area. It convenes 
at Fort Harmar. Among the almost 200 Delaware, Seneca and Wyandot 
participants is Seneca Chief Cornplanter. This council leads to a treaty 
signed on January 9, 1789. 

December 14, 1763: A band of almost five dozen frontiersmen, called "the 
Paxton Boys,” attack a peaceful Susquehanna Indian village in Conestoga, 
Pennsylvania. They kill eight of the twenty-two inhabitants in this 
unprovoked raid. "The Boys" continue their rampage during the next two 
weeks. 

December 15, 1725: A treaty is signed in Boston between “several Tribes 
of the Eastern Indians viz the Penobscot, Narridgwolk, St. Johns Cape 
Sables & other Tribes Inhabiting within His Majesties Territorys of New 
England and Nova Scotia,” and “His Majties Governments of the 
Massachusetts Bay, New Hampshire & Nova Scotia.”

December 16, 1841: The Cherokee National Council establishes a school 
system for their Nation. There are eleven schools in eight districts. 
Subjects of study include reading, writing, arithmetic, English grammar, 
geography, bookkeeping, and history. Within a dozen years, this systems 
is better organized that those for whites in Missouri, and Arkansas. 

December 17, 1812: Tecumseh is unable to convince numerous tribes of 
Indians to join him in his fight against the Europeans. Many of these 
peaceful tribes have settled along the Mississinewa River. Although they 
have pledged to keep the peace, William Henry Harrison is dubious about 
leaving some many Indians along his rear flank during his expedition 
against Detroit. Colonel John Campbell is ordered by Harrison to take 
600 men and attack Miami villages along the river. Today, even though he 
is told to leave them alone, Campbell attacks Silver Heel's Delaware 
Indian village on the river. Eight warriors are killed. They also 
capture forty-two Delaware during the raid. Later, Campbell burns the 
peaceful village of Metocina, and his Miami followers. Finally, 
Campbell's troops fight to a draw, and then retreat from another Miami 
village further down the river. Campbell returns to the area near Silver 
Heel's destroyed village to bivouac for the night. 

December 18, 1836: General Matthew Arbuckle reports 6000 Creeks, 
including Chief Opothleyaholo, are camped near Fort Gibson, in the 
eastern Indian Territory (present day Oklahoma). They are ill-prepared 
for the winter conditions. Many of the people contracted to transport 
the Creeks' belongings, have not done so. This leaves the Creeks without 
winter clothing. 

December 19, 1597: The Oñate expedition into what becomes New Mexico 
begins. 

December 20, 677: Yukukun of Calakmul attacks Pulul (Polol) according to 
Maya records.

December 21, 1836: The fifth contingent of Creeks write a letter to 
Lieutenant Sprague: "...tell General Jackson if the white men will let 
us, we will live in peace, and friendship. But tell him these agents 
(people paid to supply and help transport the Creeks) came not to treat 
us well, but make money, and tell our people behind not to be drove off 
like dogs. We are men, we have women and children, and why should we 
come like wild horses." They thank Lieutenant Sprague for his kindness. 

December 22, 1890: Captain J.H, Hurst of the Twelfth Infantry accepts 
the surrender of 294 Indians near Cherry Creek in South Dakota. 
According to army documents, these are members of Sitting Bull’s band.

December 23, 1923: Cherokee activist and educator Ruth Muskrat long 
promoted the concept of Indian self-determination. At a meeting of a 
reform group called the Committee of One Hundred, she presents President 
Calvin Coolidge a copy of the book, "The Red Man in the United States."

December 24, 1776: Washington asks the Passamaquoddy for help in the 
Revolutionary War. 

December 25, 768: Maya King Yax Nuun Ayiin II (Ruler C) takes the throne 
of Tikal, Guatemala.

December 26, 1854: A treaty (10 stat. 1132) is signed at Medicine Creek 
with the “Nisqually, Puyallup, Steilacoom, Squawskin, S’Homamish, 
Stehchass, T’ Peek-sin, Squi-aitl, and Sa-heh-wamish tribes and bands of 
Indians, occupying the lands lying round the head of Puget’s Sound.”


December 27, 1952: Phil Konstantin, author of these pages and a member 
of the Cherokee Nation of Oklahoma, is born. Thanks, Mom and Dad!   

*********   I will be 50 years old today. ************


December 28, 1520: According to some sources, Hernán Cortés and his army 
start their second excursion to Tenochtitlán (modern Mexico City) from 
Tlascala, Mexico. This time they have made and bring a group of smal 
boats to use on the lake surrounding the city.
     
December 29, 1835: The United States informs the Cherokees that they are 
to appear in their capital city, New Echota, Georgia, to negotiate a 
treaty with the United States. They are informed that anyone not 
attending the council is assumed to support any agreement reached there. 
Several Cherokee leaders opposed to the movement of the tribe to Indian 
Territory (present day Oklahoma), are physically restrained so they 
cannot attend the meeting. Chief John Ross is held prisoner, without 
charges, for twelve days by Georgia militia. Of the estimated 18,000 
Cherokees, less than 500 attend the treaty council. Today, a treaty (7 
stat.478) is signed by less than 100 Cherokees which cedes all of the 
Cherokee lands in the east. The treaty signers, led by Elias Boudinot, 
Major Ridge and John Ridge, agree to the treaty with the provision that 
it receives approval of the majority of the Cherokee Nation. Although 
representatives of almost 16,000 Cherokees inform the government they do 
not endorse or support the treaty, the United States Senate ratifies it 
by a one vote margin. 

December 30, 1853: The Gadsden purchase is made adding land to the 
United States in the southern parts of Arizona and New Mexico. Most of 
these lands are claimed by Indians. 

December 31, 1590: Spaniard Gaspar Castaño de Sosa is exploring the area 
of what is now New Mexico. A few days ago, several men in his group have 
a fight with some of the residents of the Pecos Pueblo. Sosa’s main body 
reaches the pueblo. There is a brief fight, and Sosa takes some of the 
Indians captive. Sosa would later return to the pueblo and get a better 
reception.
     
===================================

And finally...

From time to time I receive one of those forwarded e-mails that have an 
amazing offer, a drastic warning, an inspirational story or some other 
message which the sender thinks you should know and wants you to forward 
to ten of your friends before midnight. Invariably, the sender received 
it, and because of the nature of the message, they forwarded it to 
everyone in their e-mail address book. While I appreciate the thought 
behind the effort, it would help if most people did a quick internet 
search (I recommend http://www.google.com ) on the subject of the 
e-mail before they send it to everyone they know. This is just to make 
sure the information is not a hoax. No, Bill Gates is not going to pay 
anyone for forwarding an e-mail, unless he told you himself (By the way, 
if you know Bill Gates, tell him that buying a copy of my book for every 
school library might be a good idea)! 

I enjoy inspirational stories, until I get to the bottom line which says 
that if I do not forward it to ten people something bad will happen to 
me. While I have forwarded many such messages along to my friends, I 
delete the last part of getting good fortune if you pass it along or bad 
fortune if you do not.

Here is a humorous website animation which discusses this issue:

http://media.smilepop.com/smilepop/flash/06_2002/may02-smilepop-soapbox2.swf


And no, that is not me in the animation. My hair is not that curly...
:-)

===================================

That's it for this newsletter....

Happy holidays,

Phil
phil-@rocketmail.com

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End of December 2002 Newsletter
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