. . ================================================================= Start of the November 2004 Newsletter by Phil Konstantin – Part 1 ================================================================= Greetings, This is the first of a couple of section of this month's newsletter. I am still trying to get used to the changeover to/from Daylight Savings Time. So, without further ado.... Don't forget to vote! Phil ===================== X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X ===================== Link of the Month for November. This website comes from the California State University in Humbolt. It has lots of interesting material. Lessons In Tribal Sovereignty http://sorrel.humboldt.edu/~go1/kellogg/intro.html ======================== X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X ======================== Info from newsletter subscribers: -------------- How Indians in New Mexico were granted the right to vote - In 1948 a 44-year-old former Marine sergeant and World War II veteran was the principal at Laguna Pueblo Day School and taught classes there. Taking advantage of the GI Bill, he also took courses at the University of New Mexico. On June 14 of that year he went to register to vote at the Valencia County Courthouse in Los Lunas. Even though he was a U.S. citizen, a local resident and a war veteran, clerks refused to register Miguel H. Trujillo because he was an American Indian. In 1924, the Indian Citizenship Act graciously deemed American Indians citizens of their own land, earning them the right to vote in federal elections. But 24 years later, New Mexico still prevented Indians who lived on reservations (which, in 1948, was probably 99 percent of Indians in New Mexico) from voting in state elections under a provision in the state Constitution that prohibited "insane persons . . . and Indians not taxed." In other words, if you were mentally ill or lived on a reservation, or both, you couldn't vote. Outraged that he could fight for the United States in war, but couldn't vote in his home state, Trujillo of Isleta Pueblo, sued New Mexico in federal court and won. On Aug. 3, 1948, a three-judge panel in Santa Fe ruled that New Mexico's provision banning Indians was "discrimination on the grounds of race" and violated the U.S. Constitution. The ruling was hailed by then-U.S. Sen. Dennis Chavez, an Albuquerque Democrat, who said: "The idea that Indians are not beneficiaries of American rights like any other citizen belongs to long ago. New Mexico cannot give one class of citizens civil rights and deprive the Indians of the same. We are making progress." Two months later, however, state Attorney General Walter Kegel had to reject Santa Fe District Attorney Marcelino Gutierrez's request for double lines at polling places so "intelligent voters can vote without having to wait for all of the Indian voters." Trujillo predated such civil rights heroes as the Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. and Rosa Parks, yet remains mostly unknown in New Mexico and U.S. history. There is, however, an annual award in his name for, fittingly, people whose humanitarian efforts in Albuquerque were for the most part unrecognized in their lifetimes. Trujillo went on to a lifelong career in education, picking up bachelor's and master's degrees at UNM and working toward a doctorate at Cal-Berkeley. His Bureau of Indian Affairs administrative and teaching work led to positions in Utah, Laguna, Tohatchi, Paraje School, Picuris Pueblo and Yuma Indian School. He died in August 1989 at a Laguna Pueblo nursing home after a series of strokes left him largely unable to communicate. His civil rights efforts were the topic of a seminar at the Indian Pueblo Cultural Center in 1987. He was unable to attend and when told of the seminar, "He didn't do anything but cry," his daughter, Josephine Waconda, was quoted as saying. "He understood what was going on; he couldn't formulate the words." On Nov. 2, Indians in New Mexico can honor Trujillo's courageous efforts by going to the polls - or not. Thanks to him, at least they have that choice. From Phil: The Isleta Pueblo website has a short article about Miguel H. Trujillo on the bottom of this page: http://www.isletapueblo.com/history.htm -------------- http://www.ncai.org/data/docs/resolution/annual2004/ftl04-069.pdf Schaghticoke Tribal Nation has the support of 250+ member tribes of the National Congress of American Indians. Click on the resolution above for the details. Vice-Chair Michael Pane presented the draft resolution to the NCAI sub-committee on Jurisdiction and Tribal Government on October 12th at the annual convention of the NCAI. The convention host was the Seminole Tribe and was held at the Fort Lauderdale Convention Center. On October 14th after some revisions, Michael presented the final version (found via the link above) to the Litigation and Governance Committee where it was referred for a full vote of the NCAI General Assembly. It passed unanimously during the General Assembly on October 15th, the close of the week's convention. -------------- NCAI Files Lawsuit Against Minnesota Secretary of State on Use of Tribal ID Cards for Voting State Would Deny Thousands of American Indians the Right to Vote The National Congress of American Indians and the Minnesota ACLU combined with American Indian plaintiffs today to file a groundbreaking lawsuit against the State of Minnesota for discriminating against American Indian voters by denying them the right to vote using tribal- government-issued ID cards. As many as 32,000 American Indians in Minnesota live off-reservation in the greater St. Paul/Minneapolis area, and many have only a tribal identification card for government-issued ID. Mary Kiffmeyer, the Secretary of State, has ruled that Minnesota law requires her to accept tribal ID cards for voting only if the person lives on an Indian reservation. In addition, the Secretary is requiring that tribal ID's have not only a name and photo, but must also have an address and a signature. The Secretary will accept student ID's and military ID's when combined with a utility bill, even if they don't have address and signature. However, American Indian voters will not be allowed to use tribal ID cards in combination with a utility bill. The Minnesota Secretary of State has the power to authorize any form of ID to be used for voting, but has allowed the use of tribal ID's only under these extremely limited circumstances. NCAI President Tex G. Hall said the lawsuit seeks justice and equal opportunity for Native voters. "The state has said essentially that if you leave the reservation, you lose the right to vote," Hall said. "Requiring more stringent rules for one group of people, and limiting their ability to vote if they decide to move, violates federal law and the United States Constitution. We are saddened that the Minnesota Secretary of State refuses to use her discretion to comply with federal law and ensure that American Indians get the opportunity to vote. Many states, nationwide, are accepting tribal IDs as the legitimate governmental identification that they are. This is a setback to the fundamental right to vote that all Americans enjoy, except Native Americans in the state of Minnesota." The lawsuit is filed under the Equal Protection Clause of the U.S. Constitution and the Help America Vote Act of 2002, and asks the Federal District Court to end the discriminatory rules and order that tribal ID cards may be used in the same manner as other forms of identification. "Until it was repealed in 1960, the Minnesota Constitution denied Native Americans the right to vote unless they moved away from their reservations, denied their heritage, and were declared "civilized." In an ironic turn of events, today the State of Minnesota is reversing tactics and is trapping Natives on their reservations if they want to exercise their right to vote," Hall said. "The tribes of Minnesota have been diligent in their efforts to organize and motivate voters at the grassroots level, and this is clearly a battle we must engage in to ensure our rights are protected and our voices are heard." -------------- Subject: Press Release--Native American cultural items For Immediate Release Contact: Peter Karafotas (202) 225-3611 Friday, October 8, 2004 REPUBLICAN SPONSORED AMENDMENT PASSES HOUSE-- WAIVES FEDERAL REQUIREMENTS THAT PROTECT NATIVE AMERICAN HUMAN REMAINS, CULTURAL ITEMS AND SACRED SITES Washington, D.C.-Today, the House of Representatives passed an amendment by a vote of 256-160, with 215 of 221 Republicans voting for the amendment that could lead to the desecration and destruction of Native American human remains, cultural items and sacred sites in the San Diego, California area. This provision will be included in the H.R. 10 - 9/11 Recommendations Implementation Act. The amendment, sponsored by Congressman Doug Ose (R-CA), allows for the continuation of construction of a security barrier in south San Diego and waives the requirements of several laws and mandates including four that specifically and directly impact Indian tribes. These laws include: the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act of 1990, the 1996 Executive Order 13007 on Sacred Sites and the Archeological Resources Protection Act Amendments of 1979. Waiving these requirements will preclude tribal and archeological notice and consultation if Native American graves are inadvertently or deliberately disturbed or if human remains are disinterred. "By enacting federal laws and implementing federal mandates, we promised Native Americans that we would protect and preserve their places of worship, resting places for the deceased and religious freedom. This amendment breaks that promise by not providing any mechanism for notice or consultation upon finding any cultural, ceremonial or historical sites," said Congressman Dale E. Kildee (D-MI). -------------- This article appeared in the New Haven Register as well as several papers around the country. I'm glad someone responded to it! ~Ruth Traditional Tribes Vs. Casino Tribes Tim Giago September 16 2004 When James Fenimore Cooper wrote "The Last of the Mohicans" in 1826, it became an instant classic. It was the beginning of the "vanishing American" theory. But shazam! Through the magic of the Bureau of Indian Affair's federal recognition program, the Mohicans were reborn in the state of Connecticut. Their Mohegan Sun, one of the world's two most profitable casinos, will attest to that. The other most profitable casino in the world is also in Connecticut and is operated by the Mashantucket Pequots, another tribe with questionable BIA beginnings. I had lunch in Washington, D.C., with one of the leaders of the Mohegans several years ago. When he first entered the restaurant and approached my table, I was very surprised that he was African American. I discovered that this was quite common among these two tribes. I suppose that I was surprised because it is a rarity in our neck of the woods. I was even more surprised when I attended their powwow and noticed that most of the dancers were dressed in the attire of the Indians of the Northern Plains. I knew they were not Indians of the Northern Plains because the women were going up and down like pistons instead of in the perfect unison of the women from the Plains. I was not surprised to learn that Connecticut became the first state to pass legislation designed to halt any future casino development. The Courant ran an editorial warning "The state must stop this slot machine tsunami." Jeff Benedict, author of "Without Reservation," a book about the Pequots, wrote: "Casinos have a negative impact on roads, water and land consumption, fire, police, ambulance service, air pollution, and traffic. Local school systems are flooded with the children of low-income casino workers who also create a shortage of affordable housing. And there are social costs - increased bankruptcies, foreclosures, divorces, child abuse, and crime." That may be true of the densely populated communities of the eastern seaboard, but it is hardly the case out here in the hinterlands. Most Indian-owned casinos in the Northern Plains have provided low-paying jobs where low-paying jobs are the norm. They have helped improve the roads around the casinos and strengthened local communities by helping to build better water delivery and improved electrical services. But because of that very remoteness, tribes like the Oglala Lakota of the Pine Ridge Reservation will never see their Prairie Wind Casino bring in the profits of a Foxwoods. Foxwoods brings in an estimated $1.3 billion per year. It is not uncommon to see tribal leaders from the Northern Plains make pilgrimages to the mighty Mashantucket Pequots with hats in hand (aluminum cups would be more appropriate), begging for dollars. It is humiliating for the once proud warriors and chiefs of the tribes of the Northern Plains. The wealth of newborn tribes such as the Oneida of New York, the Mashantucket Pequots and the Mohegans of Connecticut - though few in numbers and short on tradition - has created a division among the Indian nations that grows wider each year. Indian country has become a place of haves and have-nots. The wealthy tribes, outnumbered more than 10-1 by the more traditional tribes, are now setting the ground rules and forming political alliances with the enemies of the tribes of the Northern and Southwest Plains. Local tribal leaders dare not speak out. As long as the focus of the tribes of the Great Sioux Nation and the other tribes of the Northern Plains - tribes referred to by the traditional Lakota as "treaty tribes" - is based on the almighty dollar instead of on the traditions and cultural values that have sustained them for generations, they will remain in competition with the tiny, newly formed tribes with billion-dollar casinos, and it is a competition they will surely lose. Money is the great divider, culture and traditions are the great equalizers. A new James Fenimore Cooper may come along and write a book called "The Last of the Great Sioux Nation." Tim Giago, an Oglala Lakota, is former editor and publisher of the weekly Lakota Journal in South Dakota. This article was distributed by Knight Ridder/Tribune Information Services. Copyright 2004, Hartford Courant ------------------- A History Of Cooperation September 18, 2004 As tribal chairman for the Mohegan Tribe, I was extremely disappointed and saddened to read Tim Giago's article [Other Opinion, Sept. 16, "Traditional Tribes Vs. Casino Tribes"]. As the United States celebrates the opening of the Smithsonian's new National Museum of the American Indian on the Mall in Washington in a few days, and as a member of the Oglala Lakota Tribe, Giago should be well aware of the rich and diverse history of all of America's Native people. At a time when it is critically important that America's Native tribes work together in the face of an unprecedented assault on our sovereignty, it is particularly inappropriate that Giago would use his position to mislead readers about the history of other Native American tribes or their historic efforts to work together. Giago apparently believes there is something positive to be gained from insulting those who don't fit his definition of what a Native American should look like. Appropriately, the new Smithsonian museum has an exhibit on the diversity of faces within Indian country. Giago's writing is nothing less than racist. The English, who formed the Connecticut colony in 1636, formally recognized the sovereignty of our tribe in the Mohegan Treaty of 1638, a recognition that has been maintained through the present day. For more than 350 years, treaties and laws have highlighted our tribe's independent status. At the federal level, the unique rights of Native American tribes were further recognized and laid out in the U.S. Constitution. The Mohegan Tribe has maintained an independent tribal structure since before Europeans arrived. We are proud to be citizens of both the Mohegan Tribe and the United States. Today, the historic agreement between our tribe and Connecticut means that 25 percent of slot revenues from the Mohegan Sun Casino - hundreds of millions of dollars a year - are contributed to the state to help fund vital services. As a percentage of proceeds going to state government, this agreement is the most generous tribal revenue-sharing program in the country. In addition, the Mohegan Tribe and its members have been proud to use their resources to help support critically important causes at the local, state and federal level. A key priority has been to help support economic and cultural programs for other Native Americans, as well as efforts to build greater understanding of Native American heritage. The Smithsonian's new museum will open thanks in part to a $10 million contribution from our tribe. This gift was not a result of someone coming forward with an "aluminum cup." Rather, it was because of our lasting commitment to the heritage of every Native American. Mr. Giago would do well to learn about the great history of Native people before he does more to reveal his ignorance. Mark Brown Chairman Mohegan Tribal Council Uncasville -------------- From my daughter Sarah: The Importance of Time A young man learns what's most important in life from the guy next door. It had been some time since Jack had seen the old man. College, girls, career, and life itself got in the way. In fact, Jack moved clear across the country in pursuit of his dreams. There, in the rush of his busy life, Jack had little time to think about the past and often no time to spend with his wife and son. He was working on his future, and nothing could stop him. Over the phone, his mother told him, "Mr.. Belser died last night. The funeral is Wednesday." Memories flashed through his mind like an old newsreel as he sat quietly remembering his childhood days. "Jack, did you hear me?" Oh sorry, Mom. Yes, I heard you. It's been so long since I thought of him. I'm sorry, but I honestly thought he died years ago," Jack said. "Well, he didn't forget you. Every time I saw him he'd ask how you were doing. He'd reminisce about the many days you spent over 'his side of the fence' as he put it," Mom told him. "I loved that old house he lived in," Jack said. "You know, Jack, after your father died, Mr. Belser stepped in to make sure you had a man's influence in your life," she said. "He's the one who taught me carpentry," he said. "I wouldn't be in this business if it weren't for him. He spent a lot of time teaching me things he thought were important...Mom, I'll be there for the funeral," Jack said. As busy as he was, he kept his word Jack caught the next flight to his hometown. Mr. Belser's funeral was small and uneventful. He had no children of his own, and most of his relatives had passed away. The night before he had to return home, Jack and his Mom stopped by to see the old house next door one more time. Standing in the doorway, Jack paused for a moment. It was like crossing over into another dimension, a leap through space and time The house was exactly as he remembered. Every step held memories. Every picture, every piece of furniture...Jack stopped suddenly. "What's wrong, Jack?" his Mom asked. "The box is gone," he said. What box?" Mom asked. "There was a small gold box that he kept locked on top of his desk. I must have asked him a thousand times what was inside. All he'd ever tell me was 'the thing I value most, '" Jack said. It was gone. Everything about the house was exactly how Jack remembered it, except for the box. He figured someone from the Belser family had taken it. "Now I'll never know what was so valuable to him," Jack said. "I better get some sleep. I have an early flight home, Mom." It had been about two weeks since Mr. Belser died. Returning home from work one day Jack discovered a note in his mailbox. "Signature required on a package. No one at home. Please stop by the main post office within the next three days," the note read. Early the next day Jack retrieved the package. The small box was old and looked like it had been mailed a hundred years ago. The handwriting was difficult to read, but the return address caught his attention. "Mr. Harold Belser" it read. Jack took the box out to his car and ripped open the package There inside was the gold box and an envelope. Jack's hands shook as he read the note inside. Upon my death, please forward this box and its contents to Jack Bennett. It's the thing I valued most in my life." A small key was taped to the letter. His heart racing, as tears filling his eyes, Jack carefully unlocked the box. There inside he found a beautiful gold pocket watch Running his fingers slowly over the finely etched casing, he unlatched the cover. Inside he found these words engraved: "Jack, Thanks for your time! -Harold Belser." "The thing he valued most...was...my time." Jack held the watch for a few minutes, then called his office and cleared his appointments for the next two days. "Why?" Janet, his assistant asked. "I need some time to spend with my son," he said. "Oh, by the way, Janet...thanks for your time!" ======================== X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X ======================== Mending the Circle: A Native American Repatriation Guide The first comprehensive guide outlining the repatriation process as set forth by the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA) of 1990. Mending the Circle: A Native American Repatriation Guide (Understanding and Implementing NAGPRA, the Official Smithsonian and other Repatriation Policies) is available from the American Indian Ritual Object Repatriation Foundation. Mending the Circle clarifies the rights of Native people in the United States and the obligations of federally-funded institutions as determined by NAGPRA. Topics include: a detailed explanation of NAGPRA, the NAGPRA regulations, civil penalties, choices in building a tribal repatriation program, Smithsonian Institution repatriation policies and procedures (including NMAI amendments), museum practices from a Native view, and approaches for repatriating from the private sector. Writers, editors and consultants for the guide include Walter Echo-Hawk, Esq. (Pawnee), Suzan Shown Harjo (Hodulgee/Muscogee), B. Lynne Harlan (Cherokee), Richard Hill, Sr. (Tuscarora), Clara Sue Kidwell (Choctaw/Chippewa/Creek), Denise Bambi Kraus (Tlingit, National Indian Policy Center), Tim McKeown (NAGPRA Program Leader, National Park Service), Kate Morris (AIRORF), Elizabeth Sackler (AIRORF), Dean Suagee, Esq. (Cherokee), Jack Trope, Esq., and Rosita Worl (Tlingit). Mending the Circle: A Native American Repatriation Guide Hard copies are no longer Available. Now Available For Free Download on the Website. If you have any questions or comments please contact the Foundation: AMERICAN INDIAN RITUAL OBJECT REPATRIATION FOUNDATION 463 East 57th Street, New York, NY 10022-3003 Tel: (212) 980-9441 Fax: (212) 421-2746 email@example.com ======================== X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X ======================== Interesting websites: Two Rivers Mounds: Two Cultures - One Goal http://www.tnaim.org/tworivers/index.html Amnesty Now Soul Wound: The Legacy of Native American Schools http://www.amnestyusa.org/amnestynow/soulwound.html 10th Annual California Indian Storytelling Festival Bridging the Pacific with Native Voices November 6-7, 2004 http://www.cistory.org/festival/ ======================== X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X ======================== News articles: Bush used IHS money for anti-terrorism, Iraq http://indianz.com/News/2004/004891.asp High court frustrates Indians http://www.kumeyaay.com/news/news_detail.html?id=2139 Native groups succeed in preserving Long Beach site http://www.the-tidings.com/2004/1015/ancestor.htm DORREEN YELLOW BIRD COLUMN: New museum inspires as it graces nation's Mall http://www.grandforks.com/mld/grandforksherald/news/opinion/9777444.htm?template=contentModules/printstory.jsp INDIAN WARS, RAGING AGAIN – William A. Collins http://www.minutemanmedia.org/CM%20101304.htm WHITE TEACHERS, INDIAN CHILDREN http://www.pdkintl.org/kappan/k0310sta.htm How should we remember Columbus? http://www.dailyprincetonian.com/archives/2003/10/13/opinion/8819.shtml Indians from across the Americas gather in Washington to fete museum's opening http://www.signonsandiego.com/news/nation/20040922-9999-1n22museum.html New State Seal Monuments to be Unveiled, Memorializing California Indians and Spanish/Mexican Era http://www.laprensa-sandiego.org/archieve/may24-02/seals.htm ======================== X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X ======================== Cultural Tidbits from the Cherokee Nation newsletter: Trade Prices In 1716 the South Carolina Board of Trade issued the following trade schedule. Number of deerskins for each item follows item name. A Gun. 30 A Yard Strouds. 7 A Duffield Blanket. 14 A Yard Half Thicks. 3 A Hatchet. 2 A narrow Hoe. 2 A broad Hoe. 4 Fifty Bullets. 1 A Butcher’s Knife. 1 A pair Cizars. 1 Three Strings Beads. 1 Eighteen Flints. 1 An Ax. 4 A Pistol. 20 A Cutlash. 8 A Shirt. 4 A Steel. 1 A Calico Petticoat. 12 A red Girdle. 2 A laced Hatt. 8 A Clasp Knife. 1 A Yard Cadis. 1 Rum, mixed with1/3 Water; per bottle. 1 ---------------------- Excerpt from the Indian Chieftain Vinita, Cherokee Nation, Indian Territory December 29, 1887 A Visit (to the Cherokee Capitol Building) There is a relief even to the disappointed when the suspense and doubtfulness of a controversy has been passed. This seems to be the condition of matters in Tahlequah this morning. A visit to the council and executive department discloses this fact in the outward appearances at least. There may be a slumbering discontent, but really, conditions are seemingly accepted. Stepping into the council chamber the attention of one is at once arrested by the appearance of a full house. After observing for a while the run of business, he will discover that a contest is under examination, and that the case is between Mr. Johnson Fields, member elect of the Downing Party, and Andrew Lasley, a colored gentleman and defeated candidate for legislative honors, of the National. Occupying the central point of the picture we discover attorneys, Henry Coval, R.W. Walker and Ridge Paschal on part of the defense, and E.C. Boudinot, Jr., John Springston and John Grass, on part of the prosecution. Th reading of the evidence in the case is going on. This being rather tedious, we will step into the senate chamber. Here we discover more spectators than members, a full representation consisting of eighteen members, so that one member is equal to a little more than two councilors in legislative power. Looking over those seated at the desks, we discover Hon. L.B. Bell, the wit of the senate, whose contest as well as that of Houston Benge has been withdrawn. The appearance here is that of preparation for business. The scene reminds one of an old fashioned Cherokee ball play, when the players were examining closely the strength of their opponents before the tug came. Seeing this is the case, whether fanciful or not, let’s walk up to the executive department. Entering at the door of the east room, we find a considerable number of men setting around the stove, all busily chatting and smoking pipes and cigars. The topics of conversation are various, ranging from the grave and serious to the humorous and pleasant. Beyond the group seated around the stove, are three desks on line with each other, at which are seated three secretaries. One only seems to be busy. He is filling out warrants to pay the members of the national council on what is aptly termed the “No one Bill” and is the only one that has been passed this council. It being as it were the beginning of a term, there is scarcely any general business. More especially is this so, because the new chief is but just initiated into the duties of his office. Passing out of this room the middle or library room is reached. Fenced off by a picket from public ingress are between fifteen hundred and two thousand volumes consisting of congressional proceedings, proceedings of the legislature of the different states and reports without number. To any but the general politician and those of legal occupation the whole thing is a desert without an oasis or song bird. The next is called the Chief’s Room. Here, as a natural consequence, we look for him who is at the head of the government. He is not hard to find among the crowd who are standing about in groups or occupying seats in comfortable distance from the stove. He is distinguished by his portly size, healthy appearance and that distingue [sic] that should point out the ruler of a people. By the same token, one can easily discover the assistant Principal Chief, Hon. Samuel Smith. He is every inch an Indian, naturally highly gifted, or pleasant and agreeable manners, and the greatest orator among his people. He is tall and erect, his eyes large, black and intelligent, his mouth large and nose Roman. He is of that age when ambition is not for self, but for the good of those whose welfare he is called to promote and safely protect. -------------------- Snowsnake Snowsnake was a winter sport for the Cherokee. It was limited to the boys. Please keep in mind, there may have been variations to the game. Snowsnake was played with a round pole, sharpened at one end and from seven to ten feet in length. It was usually carved from a hickory or walnut stave. It was often decorated with animals known for speed or flying ability. The playing field was prepared by piling a snowbank approximately thirty inches high at the starting point, then gradually sloping it down to ground level. It was anywhere from a thousand feet yo over a mile in length, depending on weather conditions and the player’s inclinations. A stout limb with two branches left on the narrow end to use for pulling was dragged down the snowbank, leaving a shallow groove across the top, approximately two to three feet wide. Any number of teams could compete. Each team member had a different task to perform and was referred to accordingly as a shiner, marker or thrower. The shiner was the man who prepared the snowsnake greasing or rubbing snow or water over it which froze to the snake when taken outdoors. Any of these methods helped improve the sliding ability of the snake. The marker was the player who marked off the distance that each snowsnake traveled and kept a record of points earned. There could be one player who threw all four of the team’s snowsnakes, or two or more could throw, dividing the four snakes among them. There were different styles of throwing a snowsnake. Usually the player took a running start, threw the pole, overhand or underhand, sliding it down the trough. The snake that went the farthest scored one point, while the snake that went further than any of the opposing team’s snakes during the entire game was awarded an additional point. The game was won when one team’s score totaled ten points. Snowsnakes have been thrown at more than one hundred miles per hour and have been known to cover a distance of up to a mile. ======================== X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X ======================== Humor: ----------------- Subject: Diné Lift (humor) A Navajo boy and his father were visiting a mall for the first time. They were amazed by almost everything they saw, but especially by two shiny, silver walls that could move apart and then slide back together again. The boy asked, "What is this, Father?" The father (never having seen an elevator) responded, "Son, I have never seen anything like this in my life, I don't know what it is." While the boy and his father were watching with amazement, a fat old lady in a wheel chair rolled up to the moving walls and pressed a button. The walls opened and the lady rolled between them into a small room. The walls closed and the boy and his father watched the small circular numbers above the walls light up sequentially. They continued to watch until it reached the last number and then the numbers began to light in the reverse order. Finally the walls opened up again and a gorgeous, voluptuous, young woman stepped out. The father, not taking his eyes off the young woman, said quietly to his son... "Nima bikaa ni dil yaad! (Go get your mother!)" ----------------- Did I Read That Sign Right? In an office: TOILET OUT OF ORDER...... PLEASE USE FLOOR BELOW In a Laundromat: AUTOMATIC WASHING MACHINES: PLEASE REMOVE ALL YOUR CLOTHES WHEN THE LIGHT GOES OUT In a London department store: BARGAIN BASEMENT UPSTAIRS In an office: WOULD THE PERSON WHO TOOK THE STEP LADDER YESTERDAY PLEASE BRING IT BACK OR FURTHER STEPS WILL BE TAKEN In an office: AFTER TEA BREAK STAFF SHOULD EMPTY THE TEAPOT AND STAND UPSIDE DOWN ON THE DRAINING BOARD Outside a secondhand shop: WE EXCHANGE ANYTHING - BICYCLES, WASHING MACHINES, ETC. ! WHY NOT BRING YOUR SPOUSE ALONG AND GET A WONDERFUL BARGAIN? Notice in health food shop window: CLOSED DUE TO ILLNESS Spotted in a safari park: ELEPHANTS PLEASE STAY IN YOUR CAR Seen during a conference: FOR ANYONE WHO HAS CHILDREN AND DOESN'T KNOW IT, THERE IS A DAY CARE ON THE 1ST FLOOR Notice in a farmer's field: THE FARMER ALLOWS WALKERS TO CROSS THE FIELD FOR FREE, BUT THE BULL CHARGES. On a repair shop door: WE CAN REPAIR ANYTHING. (PLEASE KNOCK HARD ON THE DOOR - THE BELL DOESN'T WORK) ======================== X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X ======================== U.S. Census Bureau Facts for Features: American Indian and Alaska Native Heritage Month (November) Contact: U.S. Census Bureau, 301-763-3030 or firstname.lastname@example.org WASHINGTON, Oct. 6 /U.S. Newswire/ -- American Indian and Alaska Native Heritage Month originated in 1915 when the president of the Congress of American Indian Associations issued a proclamation declaring the second Saturday in May of each year as American Indian Day. The first American Indian Day was celebrated in May 1916 in New York. In 1990, President George H.W. Bush signed a joint congressional resolution designating November 1990 as "National American Indian Heritage Month." Similar proclamations have been issued every year since 1994. 4.4 million -- The estimated number of people, as of July 1, 2003, who are American Indian and Alaska native or American Indian and Alaska native in combination with one or more other races. They make up 1.5 percent of the total population. http://www.census.gov/Press-Release/www/releases/archives/ race/001839.html 141,000 -- The estimated number of people who are American Indian and Alaska native alone or American Indian and Alaska native in combination with one or more other races added to the nation's population between Census Day, April 1, 2000, and July 1, 2003. This population increased at a rate of 3.3 percent over the period, roughly the same rate of increase as the overall population. http://www.census.gov/Press-Release/www/ releases/archives/race/001839.html American Indian tribal groups with more than 50,000 members are Apache, Cherokee, Chippewa, Choctaw, Lumbee, Navajo, Pueblo and Sioux. Cherokee and Navajo are easily the largest, with populations of 234,000 and 204,000, respectively. http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/ DatasetMainPageServlet?_program=ACS&_lang =en&_ts=102594835162 Eskimo is the largest Alaska native tribal group, with 37,000 members. http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/ DatasetMainPageServlet?_program=ACS&=lang =en&_ts=102594835162 Families and Children 484,000 -- The number of American Indian and Alaska native families. Of these: 294,000, or 61 percent, are married-couple families. 266,000, or 55 percent, are families with their own children under 18. And 141,000, or 29 percent, are married couples with their own children under 18. http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/ DatasetMainPageServlet?_program=ACS&_lang =en&_ts=102594835162 48 percent -- The percentage of American Indians and Alaska natives who are married. http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/ DatasetMainPageServlet?_program=ACS&_lang=en& _ts=102594835162 56 percent -- Among American Indians and Alaska natives age 30 and over who live with their grandchildren, the percentage who also provide care for them. http://www.census.gov/ Press-Release/www/releases/archives/census_2000/001442.html Population Distribution Nation 538,300 -- The number of American Indians and Alaska natives alone or in combination with one or more other races living on reservations or other trust lands. Of this number, 175,200 reside on Navajo nation reservation and trust lands, which span portions of Arizona, New Mexico and Utah. This is by far the most populous reservation or trust land. http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/BasicFactsServlet 57 -- The percentage of American Indians and Alaska natives who live in metropolitan areas, lowest of any race group. A majority of American Indians and Alaska natives lived outside metropolitan areas until about 1990. http://www.census.gov/ Press-Release/www/2002/cb02cn173.html States 683,900 -- The American Indian and Alaska native population in California as of July 1, 2003, the highest total of any state in the nation. California is followed by Oklahoma (394,800) and Arizona (327,500). http://www.census.gov/Press-Release/ www/releases/archives/population/002897.html 29,400 -- The number of American Indians and Alaska natives added too Arizona's population between Census Day, April 1, 2000, and July 1, 2003. That is the largest numeric increase of any state in the nation. Florida and Texas added 13,700 and 11,800, respectively. http://www.census.gov/Press-Release/www/ releases/archives/population/002897.html 19 percent -- The percentage of Alaska's population identified as American Indian and Alaska native as of July 1, 2003, the highest rate for this race group of any state in the nation. Alaska was followed by Oklahoma and New Mexico (11 percent each). http://www.census.gov/Press-Release/www/releases/archives/ population/002897.html Counties 154,900 -- The number of American Indians and Alaska natives in Los Angeles County, Calif., as of July 1, 2003. Los Angeles led all the nation's counties in the number of people of this racial category. http://www.census.gov/Press-Release/ www/releases/archives/population/002897.html 10,800 -- The number of American Indians or Alaska natives added to the population of Maricopa County, Ariz., between April 1, 2000, and July 1, 2003. Maricopa led all the nation's counties in this category. http://www.census.gov/Press-Release/www/ releases/archives/population/002897.html Age Distribution 1.3 million -- The number of American Indian and Alaska native children under 18. Children comprise nearly one-third of this race group. http://www.census.gov/Press-Release/www/releases/ archives/race/001839.html 305,500 -- The number of American Indians and Alaska natives age 65 and over. This age group comprises seven percent of the American Indian and Alaska native population. http://www.census.gov/Press-Release/www/releases/archives/race/ 001839.html 8 percent -- The percentage of American Indians and Alaska natives who are high school-age children (14 to 17). Along with native Hawaiians and other Pacific islanders, American Indians and Alaska natives top all race and ethnic groups in this age category. http://www.census.gov/Press-Release/www/ releases/archives/race/001839.html Income and Poverty $34,740 -- The median income of households where the householder reported they were American Indian or Alaska native, either alone or in combination with other race groups. The median income is based on a three-year average (2001-2003). http://www.census.gov/Press-Release/www/releases/archives/ income_wealth/002484.html 20 percent -- The poverty rate of people who reported they were American Indians and Alaska natives, either alone or in combination with another race group, based on a three-year average (2001-2003).http://www.census.gov/Press-Release/ www/releases/archives/income_wealth/002484.html Education 14 percent -- The percentage of American Indians and Alaska natives age 25 and over who had at least a bachelor's degree. http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/ DatasetMainPageServlet?_program=ACS&_lang =en&_ts=102594835162 75 percent -- The percentage of American Indians and Alaska natives age 25 and over who had at least a high school diploma. http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/ DatasetMainPageServlet?_program=ACS&_lang =en&_ts=102594835162 50,500 -- The number of American Indians and Alaska natives age 25 and over who had an advanced degree (i.e., master's, Ph.D., medical or law). http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/ DatasetMainPageServlet?_program=ACS&lang=en& _ts=102594835162 Homeownership The American Indian and Alaska native homeownership rate -- the percentage of American Indian and Alaska native households who own their own home -- is 56 percent. http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/DatasetMainPageServlet? _program=ACS&_lang=en&_ts= 102594835162 Proud to Serve 159,000 -- The number of American Indian and Alaska native veterans of the U.S. armed forces. http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/DatasetMainPageServlet? _program=ACS&_lang=en&_ts= 102594835162 Language 381,000 -- The number of people five years and over who speak a native North American language. Of these languages, the most commonly spoken is Navajo, with 178,014 speakers. http://www.census.gov/population/www/cen2000/phc-t20.html Jobs 24 percent -- The percentage of American Indians and Alaska natives age 16 and over who work in management, professional and related occupations. http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/ DatasetMainPageServlet?_program=ACS&_lang =en&_ts=102594835162 ======================== X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X ======================== Interesting items (allegedly facts) The first couple to be shown in bed together on prime time TV were Fred and Wilma Flintstone. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Every day more money is printed for Monopoly than the US Treasury. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Men can read smaller print than women can; women can hear better. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Coca-Cola was originally green. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ It is impossible to lick your elbow. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ The State with the highest percentage of people who walk to work: Alaska! ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ The percentage of Africa that is wilderness: 28% (now get this...) The percentage of North America that is wilderness: 38% ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ The cost of raising a medium-size dog to the age of eleven: $6,400 ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ The average number of people airborne over the US any given hour: 61,000 ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Intelligent people have more zinc and copper in their hair. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ The world's youngest parents were 8 and 9 and lived in China in 1910. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ The youngest pope was 11 years old. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ The first novel ever written on a typewriter: Tom Sawyer. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Those San Francisco Cable cars are the only mobile National Monuments. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Each king in a deck of playing cards represents a great king from history: Spades - King David, Hearts - Charlemagne, Clubs - Alexander the Great, Diamonds - Julius Caesar ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ 111,111,111 X 111,111,111equals 12345678987654321 ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ If a statue in the park of a person on a horse has both front legs in the air, the person died in battle. If the horse has one front leg in the air the person died as a result of wounds received in battle. If the horse has all four legs on the ground, the person died of natural causes. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Only two people signed the Declaration of Independence on July 4th, John Hancock and Charles Thomson. Most of the rest signed on August 2, but the last signature wasn't added until 5 years later. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ "I am." is the shortest complete sentence in the English language. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Hershey's Kisses are called that because the machine that makes them looks like it's kissing the conveyor belt. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Q. What occurs more often in December than any other month? A. Conception. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Q. Half of all Americans live within 50 miles of what? A. Their birthplace ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Q. Most boat owners name their boats. What is the most popular boat name requested? A. Obsession ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Q. If you were to spell out numbers, how far would you have to go until you would find the letter "A"? A. One thousand ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Q. What do bulletproof vests, fire escapes, windshield wipers, and laser printers all have in common? A. All invented by women. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Q. What is the only food that doesn't spoil? A. Honey ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Q. There are more collect calls on this day than any other day of the year? A. Father's Day ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Q. What trivia fact about Mel Blanc (voice of Bugs Bunny) is the most ironic? A. He was allergic to carrots. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Q. What is an activity performed by 40% of all people at a party? A. Snoop in your medicine cabinet. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ In Shakespeare's time, mattresses were secured on bed frames by ropes. When you pulled on the ropes the mattress tightened, making the bed firmer to sleep on. Hence the phrase "Goodnight, sleep tight". ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ It was the accepted practice in Babylon 4,000 years ago that for a month after the wedding, the bride's father would supply his son-in-law with all the mead he could drink. Mead is a honey beer and because their calendar was lunar based, this period was called the honey month we know today as the honeymoon. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ In English pubs, ale is ordered by pints and quarts. So in old England, when customers got unruly, the bartender would yell at them mind their own pints and quarts and settle down. It's where we get the phrase "mind your P's and Q's" ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Many years ago in England, pub frequenters had a whistle baked into the rim or handle of their ceramic cups. When they needed a refill, they used the whistle to get some service. "Wet your whistle" is the phrase inspired by this practice. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ In Scotland, a new game was invented. It was entitled Gentlemen Only Ladies Forbidden.... and thus the word GOLF entered into the English language. ~~~~~~~~~~~AND FINALLY~~~~~~~~~~~~ At least 75% of people who read this will try to lick their elbow. ======================== X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X ======================== ================================================================= End of the November 2004 Newsletter by Phil Konstantin – Part 1 ================================================================= . . . . . .
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