November 2001 #2 Newsletter from
"On This Date in North American Indian History"
by Phil Konstantin
Copyright © Phil Konstantin (1996-2002)

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                November 2001 Newsletter - Part 2 
                Phil Konstantin 
  beginning of the newsletter

  Hello again,

  Here is the second part of this month's newsletter. 

  This month I will not be featuring a "Link of the Month." Well, perhaps, 
  I will. My site dedicated to my pictures and comments about my recent 
  trip to Mexico and Guatemala will be listed as the Link of the Month.

  Since Part 1 of this newsletter, I have reduced the size of many of the 
  photos I took. Some of them are still pretty big, but most have been 
  reduced. It might still take a bit of time for them to show up on your 
  computer if you have a slow modem. I also added a better directory on 
  what is on each of the 29 pages. You can just click on the name of the 
  place you want to see, and go directly to that page. Some sites have 
  more than one page. This is so each page will load a bit fater. For 
  example, there are pictures of the Edzna ruins on five different pages. 
  It would take a long time for them all to load if they were all on a 
  single page and you had a 28k modem. I moved all of the bus schedule 
  pictures and hotel information to the last page. I will still be adding 
  some extra comments to the various pictures, as time goes by. I took 800 
  pictures, and still wish I had taken more. I was running out of computer 
  discs by the end of the trip.

  Please feel free to contact me if you have any questions about any of 
  the photos or places I visited.

  That brings up another item. When I returned, I had over 1,200 e-mails 
  waiting for me. About 1,100 of these were SPAM (unsolicited bulk e-mails 
  - mostly on how to make money, lose weight or improve your sexlife - do 
  these people know me?). In my bleary-eyed effort to delete this garbage, 
  I might have deleted some of the real e-mails. If you e-mailed me, and I 
  have not responded, please try again.


  Here is a job offer, if you know anyone who might be interested or 
  qualified, have them reply directly to the e-mail address below:

  "I have a question, and I'm unsure if you'll have an answer for me or 
  not. Perhaps a member of the list will. I work for a large automotive 
  company. The minority council in my office is looking to sign on a 
  prestigious, experienced American Indian firm, or a firm that employs a 
  particular American Indian lawyer who specializes in products liability. 
  They have certain criteria that they look for when they want to bring 
  these people on board as outside counsel. I live in Michigan. I have 
  never had the privilege of knowing an American Indian lawyer, and cannot 
  recommend anyone. It was nice of the committee to come to me though. 
  Please let me know if you know of anyone that can be highly recommended 
  and the committee will review his/her credentials. Thank you. 

  Darcie -   "


  A joke from Ruth:

  A saleswoman is driving through an Indian area heading toward home when 
  she sees an Indian woman thumbing for a ride on the side of the road. 
  As the trip had been long and quiet, she stops the car and the Indian 
  woman gets in. After a bit of small talk, the Indian woman notices a 
  brown bag on the front seat.

  "What's in the bag?" asks the Indian woman.

  "It's a bottle of wine. I got it for my husband," says the saleswoman.

  The Indian lady is silent for a moment then says, "Good trade."


  Obit I received from Ann:

  November 9, 2001 
  Patricia Locke, Champion of American Indians, Dies at 73 

  Patricia A. Locke, who worked for decades to preserve American Indian 
  languages and became a pioneer in an effort to grant the tribes greater 
  authority in the education of their children, died on Oct. 20 at a 
  hospital in Phoenix. She was 73 and lived in Wakpala, S.D., on the 
  Standing Rock Indian Reservation.

  The cause was heart failure, said her daughter, Winona Flying Earth. 
  Ms. Locke, of Lakota and Chippewa heritage, won a MacArthur Foundation 
  fellowship in 1991 for her work to save tribal languages that were 
  growing extinct throughout the United States.

  The award followed more than two decades of her advocacy for better 
  education of Indians. In the 1970's, she was appointed to the Interior 
  Department Task Force on Indian Education Policy, and eventually helped 
  write legislation granting tribes the authority to set up their own 
  education departments instead of following state requirements.

  Education departments and tribal education codes were ultimately created 
  among more than 30 tribes around the country, and Ms. Locke also helped 
  17 tribes establish colleges they controlled.

  Patricia Ann McGillis was born on Jan. 21, 1928, on the Fort Hall Indian 
  Reservation in Idaho. She earned a bachelor's degree from the University 
  of California at Los Angeles in 1951. She married Charles E. Locke in 
  1952; they divorced in 1975.

  Ms. Locke taught for more than 40 years, from elementary to university 
  level, and lectured on Indian issues throughout the United States. She 
  worked to protect sacred Indian sites and, starting in 1993, was 
  national coordinator of a coalition that pushed for passage of the 
  American Indian Religious Freedom Act Amendments, federal legislation 
  adopted in 1994 that allowed use of peyote for religious purposes.

  Ms. Locke's Indian name was Tawacin Waste Win, which, her daughter said, 
  means "she has good consciousness - compassionate woman."

  Besides her daughter, who lives in Wakpala, she is survived by a son, 
  Kevin Locke, also of Wakpala, a performing artist who works to preserve 
  Lakota music; five grandchildren; and six great-grandchildren.

  Ann Popplestone 



  A request for some info, please reply to the e-mail address at the 
  bottom of the letter:

  "Dear Phil,
  I am the educational administrator at Faith Academy, 152 E. Steels 
  Corners Road, Stow, Ohio 44224.

  I am finding standard school history books inadequate for our needs and 
  was wondering if there exists a good elementary level history book that 
  presents the indigenous peoples' view of the history of this nation? 
  Are you aware of any good elementary school history books?

  I am guessing that Native American schools are using material that 
  provides the perspective of the original peoples. I pray I am correct.

  Thank you,
  Robert Williams --     "


  Some historical events for November, picked at random from my files:

  November 1: 1837: The steamboat Monmouth has 611 Creek Indians on board 
  heading for Indian Territory (present day Oklahoma). During the night, 
  while traveling upstream in a downstream lane of the Mississippi River, 
  it strikes the Trenton, which is being towed downstream. The Monmouth 
  breaks into two pieces and sinks within a few minutes. 311 Creeks are 
  drowned. Because of its old age, the Monmouth has been condemned for 
  normal shipping. This does not stop it from being used to transport the 
  Creeks. Four of Jim Boy's children are among the dead. 

  November 2: 1770: Spanish and Opata Indians forces, led by Bernardo de 
  Gálvez, are on a punitive expedition directed toward the Apache. Early 
  today they discover an Apache camp near the Pecos River in modern Texas. 
  The Spaniards and Opata attack. They kill twenty-eight and capture 
  thirty-six Apaches. They then return to Chihuahua, Mexico.

  November 3: 1786: The government of Georgia hopes to confirm the Creek 
  Nation boundaries lines. They invite Creek leaders to a conference on 
  Shoulderbone Creek. Only a few chiefs, including Fat King and Tame King, 
  attend. The Georgia militia threatens the attendees with execution if 
  they do not agree to boundary lines favorable to Georgia. A treaty is 
  signed under duress by the Creek Chiefs attending the meeting. This 
  action by the Georgians stokes the flames of the Creeks’ passions 
  against the settlers. 

  November 4: 1493: Columbus lands on Guadaloupe in the Caribbean

  November 5: 1775: Kumeyaays attack the Mission San Diego de Alcala. The 
  Mission is destroyed in the fighting.

  November 6: 1867: Engraved on a marker in the Fort Buford (North 
  Dakota) cemetery: "Cornelius Coughing - Private, Company C, Thirty-First 
  Infantry- Nov. 6, 1867 - Killed by Indians . . . one of the wood 
  wagons was attacked by a party of Indians in the thick brush about two 
  miles from the post. There were four guards and a driver with the 
  wagons. The body of Private Coughlin was found this morning in the 
  bushes badly mutilated; he remained with the wagon discharging his piece 
  until killed. The Indians (under Sitting Bull) captured four mules."

  November 7: 604: Palenque Maya Lady Kanal - Ikal dies according to the 
  museum at Palenque.

  November 8: 755: Maya King K'ak' Ukalaw Chan Chaak (Smoking Axe) ascends 
  to the throne of Naranjo in Guatemala

  November 9: 1761: The Mi’kmaq of La Heve sign a treaty with the British 
  of Nova Scotia

  November 10: 1970: Today and tomorrow, the first college graduate is 
  elected President of the Navajos. 

  November 11: 1865: Medicine Bottle and Little Shakopee, two of the 
  leaders of the Santee Sioux uprising are executed at Pine Knob. They 
  both had escaped to Canada, but officials there aided Americans in their 
  kidnapping, and return to the United States. 

  November 12: 1602: Sebastian Vizcaino’s expedition stops in modern San 
  Diego, California. Cautiously, the Kumeyaay briefly contact the 

  November 13: 1833: Just before sunrise, there is a phenomenal meteor 
  shower, which is seen all over North America. This event is recorded on 
  Kiowa picture calendars as the most significant event of the year. 

  November 14: 1638: According to some sources, the first Indian 
  reservation is established at Trumbull Connecticut. 

  November 15: 1876: Colonel Ranald Mackenzie, ten troops of cavalry, 
  eleven companies of infantry, and four companies of artillery, leave 
  Fort Fetterman, in eastern Wyoming, en route to the Big Horn Mountains, 
  and the Powder River. This is called the "Powder River Expedition" by 
  the army. 

  November 16: 1990: The Native American Grave Protection Act takes place. 

  November 17: 1938: An election is authorized to approve a Constitution 
  and By-Laws for the Thlopthlocco Tribal Town of the Creek Indian Nation 
  of the State of Oklahoma by Oscar Chapman, Assistant Secretary of the 
  Interior. The election is held on December 27, 1938. 

  November 18: 864: The Great Ballcourt at Chichen Itza is dedicated by 
  the Maya.

  November 19: 1923: The "Treaty Between His Majesty the King and the 
  Mississauga Indians of Rice Lake, Mud Lake, Scugog Lake and Alderville" 
  is signed in Canada.

  November 20: 1965: An election for an amendment to the Constitution and 
  By-Laws of the Moapa Band of Paiute Indians is held. It is approved by a 
  vote of 32 to 11.

  November 21: 1978: Amendments V through VIII to the Revised Constitution 
  and By-Laws of the Sisseton Wahpeton Sioux Tribe of South Dakota become 
  effective when they are approved by the Area Director, Aberdeen Area 
  Office of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, Harley Zephier.

  November 22: 1873: President Grant, by Executive Order, adds to the 
  Colorado River Agency. The land is at the old northern boundary to 
  within six miles of Ehrenberg, Arizona. This is east of the river to the 
  "mountains and mesas." It is eventually 376 square miles in size. It is 
  home to: Chemehuevi, Walapai, Kowia, Cocopa, Mohave and Yuma Indians. 

  November 23: 1872: Comanche Ten Bears dies on the reservation. Ten Bears 
  represented the Comanches on a visit to Washington, and at many great 

  November 24: 1812: As a young boy, Spemicalawba (called Captain Logan or 
  High Horn), is captured by General James Logan. General Logan raises him 
  until he is returned to the Shawnee during a prisoner exchange. 
  Tecumseh's nephew, he tries to temper Tecumseh's feelings toward the 
  Europeans. Spemicalawba scouts for the Americans during the war of 1812. 
  He is killed on this date during a scouting expedition. Buried with 
  military honors, Logansport, Indiana is named after him. 

  November 25: 1894: Members of the Gusgimukw tribe hold a "winter fest" 
  at Fort Rupert on Vancouver Island, British Columbia.

  November 26: 411: Maya King Siyaj Chan K'awill II (Stormy Sky) ascends 
  the Tikal throne in Guatemala.

  November 27: 1915: Private Albert Mountain Horse is buried in Fort 
  Macleod, Alberta. He is the only Blood Indian to go to the front lines 
  in World War One. He dies due to exposure to poison gas on the 

  November 28: 1862: A skirmish involving pro-confederacy Indians takes 
  place near Cane Hill in Arkansas.

  November 29: 1836: Five years ago, several Nez Perce travel to St. Louis 
  to ask for someone to come to their land to teach them about religion. 
  In response to that request missionary Henry Harmon Spalding travels to 
  Idaho. He sets up a mission today on some land given him by the Nez 
  Perce, 12 miles south of modern Lewiston. 

  November 30: 1769: Gaspar de Portolá has led an expedition to explore 
  parts of the central California coastline. While near San Jose Creek, a 
  group of local Indians provides them with some food.


  That's it for this newsletter.

  Have a great month.

  Phil Konstantin

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