October 2007 Newsletter from
"This Day in North American Indian History"
by Phil Konstantin
Copyright © Phil Konstantin (1996-2010)

Click Here To Return To The Previous Website

Start of Phil Konstantin's October 2007 Newsletter - Part 1


I realize I am running behind this month. Sorry about that,
I've been a bit busy.

Earlier this month, I finally got to see the movie "Bury My
Heart At Wounded Knee" which showed on HBO recently. I would
be interested in what you thought of this movie, if you saw.
Please send me your comments, and I will add them to my next

Here's a reminder for those of you in the San Diego,
California area. The San Diego Cherokee Community meets
(usually) on the 4th Sunday of each month. Please feel free
to attend any of our meetings. You do not have to be a Cherokee
to participate. You can find all the appropriate information
at out website:



The October 2007 "Link of the Month" is Omaha Indian Heritage.
The website has a great deal of information, texts and photos
related to the Omaha tribe.

You can see it at this address:


The Treaty of the Month is the TREATY WITH THE POTAWATOMI - Oct. 2,
1818. (7 Stat., 185)

You can see a transcript of the treaty at this website:


Interesting Websites:

Listening to Our Ancestors Opens at the George Gustav Heye Center

Blue Lake Rancheria Tribe

Mi'kmaq History Month

R.G. Matson, William D. Lipe, and William R. Haase IV
(1990) A scholarly paper:



OAS Science News
Weekly News Digest for the Oklahoma Anthropological Society
Week of January 29 - February 4, 2006


An epidemic of ersatz Indians

John J. Miller, National Review

In his book The Education of Little Tree, Forrest Carter tells
the tender tale of becoming an orphan and growing up in the
Appalachian boondocks under the careful watch of his Cherokee
grandparents. The book is full of sweet lessons about the
importance of family and the need to live in harmony with
nature. There's quite a backstory to it as well. First
published in 1976, The Education of Little Tree received
warm reviews and garnered a cult following, but wasn't a
commercial hit. Ten years later, the University of New Mexico
Press bought the rights to it for just $500.

That purchase ranks as one of the publishing industry's most
lucrative coups: The Education of Little Tree has since sold
hundreds of thousands of copies. "The values as well as the
prose touched many who didn't usually read," wrote Prof.
Rennard Strickland in a foreword to the original paperback
edition. "Students of Native American life discovered the
book to be as accurate as it was mystical and romantic."
On June 23, 1991, the book debuted on the New York Times
bestseller list for paperback nonfiction. It remained there
throughout the summer and well into the fall, eventually
rising to the top position. Then, on November 10, it vanished
— and reappeared on the bestseller list for paperback fiction.

That's because it had been exposed as a fraud. Forrest
Carter was really Asa Carter, a white supremacist who had
written speeches for Alabama governor George Wallace in the
1960s. Wallace's viciously memorable line — "Segregation now!
Segregation tomorrow! Segregation forever!" — probably came
from Carter's pen. Carter, who died in 1979, was a forerunner
to such fabulists as Stephen Glass and Jayson Blair. He was
no Indian and his famous book was no memoir.

Carter was one of the more spectacular examples of a white
person trying to come off as an Indian. There is a long
history of this make-believe behavior, going back at least
as far as the Boston Tea Party. The 19th and 20th centuries
saw the emergence of fraternal orders and other organizations
that aped Indian identities. Yet nobody seriously believed
the Campfire Girls were the authentic daughters of Sitting
Bull. That's not the case with some of the most recent forms
of real Indian bull, as Carter and The Education of Little
Tree demonstrate. "It's an epidemic," complains Vernon
Bellecourt of the American Indian Movement. "These people
are culture vultures, and their motive is to make money."

Between 1960 and 2000, the number of Americans claiming
Indian ancestry on their census forms jumped by a factor
of six. Neither birthrates nor counting methodologies can
account for this explosive growth. Instead, the phenomenon
arises in large part from the increasingly idealistic place
Indians occupy in the popular imagination. Much of it is
based on harmless sentiment mixed into a hash of unverifiable
family legends and wishful thinking among folks who hang
dreamcatchers from their rearview mirrors. But for a
distinct subset, it's all about personal profit. They're
professional imposters who have built entire careers by
putting the sham into shaman.

The most famous of these pretenders is probably Iron Eyes
Cody, the actor who starred in those Keep America Beautiful
television ads during the 1970s. It turns out that the tear
— actually glycerin — trickling down his sad face wasn't his
only deception. Iron Eyes Cody was born Espera DeCorti, the
son of Italian immigrants. His black hair and bronze skin
apparently came from his mother's Sicilian side. Although
many Indians who met him harbored doubts about his true
identity, Iron Eyes turned his trickery into a successful
career in Hollywood. He performed as an Indian in more than
a hundred films, all the while insisting that his father
was Cherokee and his mother Cree. His published autobiography
is a pack of lies. The full truth came out only after his
death in 1999.

The latest phony Indian to be unmasked is Ward Churchill,
the University of Colorado professor who recently ruffled
feathers for calling the victims of the terrorist attacks
on the World Trade Center "little Eichmanns" whose massacre
was a "penalty befitting their participation in" global
capitalism. Churchill is an all-too-predictable product of
the modern academy. He is a tenured "ethnic studies"
specialist, but he does not hold a doctorate in anything,
and his scholarship, if it can be called that, is riddled
with errors and left-wing posturing. The man is a buffoon.

Churchill can get away with so few credentials and such a
heap of sloppiness because he claims to speak on behalf of
a disenfranchised minority. The basis for this assertion
rests on Churchill's ancestry, which he has variously
described as three-sixteenths Cherokee and one-sixteenth
Cree. Yet he has never provided any documentary evidence on
his background, which Indians commonly do to prove their
status within a tribe. He did gain membership to the Keetoowah
Band of Cherokee Indians in 1994, but it was an associate
membership that was temporarily available to people who
aren't in fact Indian. (Bill Clinton, who has said that
his grandmother's grandmother was a Cherokee, is also an
honorary member of the Keetoowah.)

"You can spot these phony baloneys across the continent,"
says Suzan Shown Harjo, a Cheyenne and Hodulgee Muscogee
who first met Churchill about 15 years ago. "Right away,
I could tell he was a faker because he refused to talk
about his family."

Churchill served in Vietnam — he has boasted about going
on dangerous jungle missions, but Army records indicate
that he mostly drove trucks — and at the time he listed
himself as "Caucasian." He switched this to "American Indian"
in 1978, when he filled out an affirmative-action form as
part of his application to become a lecturer in Native
American studies at Colorado. He has maintained this identity
ever since, though the only corroboration he can offer —
apart from his obvious fondness for the long-hair-and-dark-
sunglasses look of a reservation activist — is his own word.

A less extravagant but more common fraud than masquerading
as an "ethnic studies" expert involves the marketing of non-
Indian arts and crafts as "Indian-made." The problem became
so pervasive that Congress toughened truth-in-advertising laws
against it in 1990. Businesses caught violating the Indian
Arts and Crafts Act face penalties up to $1 million. That's
peanuts to the gambling industry, of course, and the fast
growth of tribal casinos has prompted many Americans to
embark on genealogical hunting expeditions. The enormous
Foxwoods casino in Connecticut, for example, was built by a
small band of people who didn't normally refer to themselves
as Pequot Indians until they realized a tribal identity was
their ticket to gambling riches.

For others, Indian ancestry is a gateway to government set-
aside programs. A public-works contractor in California
managed to qualify as a disadvantaged businessman because
a great-great-grandparent's contribution to the family gene
pool had made him 1/64th Indian.

One of the most common forms of exploitation involves white
writers who don't pretend to be Indians themselves but who
claim special insights into Indian spirituality. In 1968,
Carlos Castaneda, a UCLA graduate student in anthropology,
published The Teachings of Don Juan, which was allegedly
based on his clandestine visits with a reclusive Yaqui
sorcerer in the Sonoran desert. The book purports to describe
the mystical secrets of an ancient Indian faith, which
happened to involve using a lot of hallucinogenic drugs.
Castaneda's ramblings were in tune with the turn-on, drop-out
times. His book became an international bestseller. Castaneda
spent the next three decades refusing interviews and issuing
sequels based on his supposed encounters with a man nobody
else ever met. He died in 1998.

Another bestselling author, Lynn Andrews, has been dubbed
"the female Carlos Castaneda," and it wasn't meant as an
insult. Her first book, Medicine Woman, described a journey
into the far reaches of Manitoba, where she met a pair of
female sages. Then she returned home to Beverly Hills and
has spent the rest of her life peddling New Age gobbledygook
in subsequent books, through online courses, and at
Hawaiian retreats. She is just a small part of a cottage
industry that offers sweat-lodge "purification ceremonies"
and tour-guided "rites of passage" in the wilderness. In
1993, the National Congress of American Indians became so
frustrated by all these perversions of authentic religious
traditions that it issued a "declaration of war" against
"non-Indian 'wanna-bes,' hucksters, cultists, commercial
profiteers, and self-styled New Age shamans."

Nobody likes a con artist, and it isn't difficult to find
harsh critics of white people who "play Indian" for personal
gain. One of their most scathing detractors has labeled
Castaneda "the greatest hoax since Piltdown Man," called
Andrews "an air-head 'feminist' yuppie," and branded Ruth
Beebe Hill's Hanta Yo — yet another book of doubtful
legitimacy — a "ludicrous performance." Taken together,
these charlatans have "made a significant recent contribution
(for profit) to the misrepresentation and appropriation of
indigenous spirituality." What's more, they've "been
tendered some measure of credibility by the 'certified
scholars' of American universities." But that's not all.
By impersonating Indians and making them look like fools,
these imposters are guilty of "cultural genocide." That
would seem to make them little Eichmanns, too. The author
of these words? Ward Churchill.



Notices & Events:
(Remember: I do not vouch for any of these events or notices.
I post them strictly as FYI. Please investigate them yourself.

California Assembly Resolution Urges Feds to Restore
Recognition to Winnemem Wintu Tribe
by Dan Bacher
Wednesday Aug 29th, 2007

Assembly Member Jared Huffman has introduced Assembly Joint
Resolution 39, a bill urging Congress to restore federal
recognition to the Winnemem Wintu (McCloud River) Tribe.
Winnemem Wintu Tribe Environmental Justice Coalition for Water
Natural Resources Defense Council

For Immediate Release: August 28, 2007

Mark Franco (530)275-2737 (530)510-0944
Barry Nelson (415)875-6100
Debbie Davis (916)743-4406

California Assembly Resolution Urges Feds to Restore
Recognition to Winnemem Wintu Tribe

Joint Resolution Would Codify State's De-Facto Recognition
of Northern California Tribe

SACRAMENTO, Calif. (Aug. 28, 2007) - In an effort to reverse
decades of injustice suffered by the Winnemem Wintu Tribe,
Assembly Member Jared Huffman has introduced Assembly Joint
Resolution 39, which urges Congress to restore federal
recognition to the tribe.

The Winnemem Wintu are fighting to restore their federally
recognized status after the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA),
without any warning, notified them that their education
benefits would be discontinued. Until then, they received
benefits and treatment accorded to recognized tribes.

"The Winnemem have paid for California's progress with our
land and our lives," said Caleen Sisk-Franco, the spiritual
leader for the tribe. "Without the protection of federal
recognition we are denied services we deserve and the tools
we need to protect and maintain our culture."

Unlike the Bureau of Indian Affairs, California state agencies
and even federal agencies like the U.S. Forest Service
recognize the Winnemem as a legitimate tribe. It is included
on the list of California Tribes held by the Native American
Heritage Commission, and it has been issued state and
federal permits reserved for federally recognized tribes.

"Everyone seems to recognize the Winnemem Wintu Tribe except
the Bureau of Indian Affairs. They can't even explain their
own actions providing us with benefits and then taking them
away," said Mark Franco, Headman of the tribe.

The Winnemem are a band of the Wintu whose tribal lands
stretch south from Mount Shasta, along the McCloud River to
Bear Mountain. They were displaced during the California
Gold Rush and removed from their remaining village sites in
1938 when Shasta Dam was built and the area flooded.

The tribe has never been compensated for the loss of its
lands. Such compensation was required by an Act of Congress
passed before construction of Shasta Dam. The loss of their
tribal land and the loss of services provided to the tribe
have caused hardships for the Winnemem.

"The bureau's treatment of the Winnemem is a travesty,"
said Debbie Davis, legislative analyst for the Environmental
Justice Coalition for Water. "After years of failing to
distinguish the Winnemem from another tribe, it remains
unable to explain how the Winnemem lost their status. This
bill sends a clear message urging Congress to correct the
bureau's error and to restore the tribe's status and
eligibility for benefits and legal protections. "

The 125 remaining Winnemem continue to fight to preserve
their culture and lifeway. Federal recognition provides
the legal framework to protect the tribe's religious freedom.
Assembly Member Huffman's Joint Resolution, which was
introduced last Friday, would reinforce the state's
existing practices regarding the Winnemem Wintu Tribe and
add another voice to the effort to restore federal recognition.

"Water projects have caused disastrous impacts on
California's rivers, salmon and other fisheries," said
Barry Nelson, senior policy analyst with the Natural
Resources Defense Council (NRDC). "They also have produced
hardships for the tribes who lived by these rivers for
thousands of years. The construction of Shasta Dam
resulted in the loss of the Winnemem's lands and is the
single largest reason why the tribe is not recognized
today. This resolution calls on the federal government
to comply with federal law, to recognize the tribe and
to compensate it for its lost lands."


Call for Story Tellers and Musicians

"Jose & Linda" natives55 @ hotmail.com

Alcatraz Island will be hosting the second Native American
Heritage month celebration. We are planning cultural events
for the first weekend of November, which is the 3ed and 4th.
We just received some funding and looking for a few Story
Tellers and musicians. We can pay a $100 honorarium for about
1 hour of your time and a free ferry ride. There are only
a few slots left, and we need to have people confirmed by
Oct. 20th. Any Story Tellers or Musicians please call Ranger
Jose Rivera Alcatraz Island American Indian Liaison at
(925) 765-2841


Arnold W. Thomas, M.S.W., Motivational Speaker
http://www.whitebuf faloknife.com

Arnold Thomas is a member of the Shoshone Paiute Tribes of
the Duck Valley Indian Reservation in Owyhee, Nevada. For
the past 15 years, he has consulted with communities
throughout North America. Arnold is a very dynamic
motivational speaker and has a powerful message to share.
Arnold has been involved in developing curriculum for
substance abuse and suicide prevention and intervention
programs on the local and national levels. Arnold currently
works with homeless Native Americans through Volunteers of
America and serves as spiritual advisor for inpatient
substance abusers at the George E. Whalen Department of
Veterans Affairs Medical Center in Salt Lake City.

November 3, 2007
Donation for Entrance
Doors open at 1:00PM
Presentation at 2:00 PM
Drinks and Food will be sold

Holy Angels for the Deaf Church
4433 S. Santa Fe Ave.
Vernon, CA 90058
Info: Sylvia Mendivil-Salazar @ (323) 583-1766

"Suicide does not discriminate against anyone. It does not
care what national origin, religious denomination or
socioeconomic group to which you belong. There are no
laws or boundaries that suicide obeys or to which it
adheres. But, one fact is clear: the self destruction
causes devastation for those who are left behind."
Arnold W. Thomas

American Indian Heritage Month Event and is Endorsed by
Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa


Education 22nd Annual California Indian Conference and Gathering
10/26 - 10/27 DAVIS CA
OCTOBER 26-27, 2007

Conference highlights will include:

Research presentations by Native American studies scholars
from throughout the western United States on such topics
as indigenous California languages and literature, cultural
revitalization, land claims and the Native American Graves
Protection and Repatriation Act.

Eight continuous elders' circles, offering opportunities
for conversation and informal sharing among participants
on issues of importance to California Indians.

A "Youth Pathways" program, in which an anticipated 150
Native American and other underserved youth from as far
away as Fresno will get tips on getting into college, tour
the UC Davis Medical Center and learn about careers in
the health-care field.

Demonstrations of traditional "hand games," sometimes
described as the earliest form of Indian gaming;
performances by three native dance troupes; an exhibition
of traditional Indian baskets at UC Davis' C.N. Gorman
Museum; and a dinner sponsored by the Rumsey Band of
Wintun Indians.


FRIDAY. October 26, 2007
7:30- 9:00 Registration, Vendors set-up
9:00- 9:30 Opening Ceremonies (Freeborn Hall)
9:45-10:30 Sessions I
10:45-12:30 Sessions II

1:30 -2:45 Sessions III and tours
3:00- 4:15 Sessions IV and tours
4:15- 5:00 Sessions V and tours
5:00- 7:00 Hand Games in the Hart Quad
5:00- 7:00 Gorman Museum Basket Exhibit

SATURDAY. October 27, 2007

9:00-10:15 Sessions V and Youth Pathways
10:30-11:45 Sessions VI (Youth Pathways 10:30-11:15)

1:30- 2:45 Sessions VII and tours
3:00- 4:15 Sessions VIII and tours
4:30- 6:00 Sessions IX
6:00- 10:00 Closing Ceremonies, Dinner (Freeborn Hall)
8:00- 10:00 Native Dancers (Freeborn Hall)

Activities to be scheduled: health screening; tours: UC
Davis campus, UC Davis Arboretum, Native American Language
Center, Michael and Margaret B. Harrison Western Research
Center Collection

Papers and presentations: reclaiming cultural sovereignty,
indigenous California literature, NAGPRA, land claims,
other topics in California history and political issues,
language learning and teaching, J. P. Harrington's Linguistic
and Ethnographic Fieldnotes, UC Davis Honoring Project,
Youth Pathways (college applications process, finding
financial aid; studying Native American Studies at UC Davis—
and meeting the faculty)

Conference organizer: Macri Martha (530) 752-7086.
Sheri Tatsch (530) 754-8361

Conference Website: http://nas.ucdavis. edu/NALC/ cicg/
All past CIC programs 1985-2006:
http://bss.sfsu. edu/calstudies/ cic/

For more info, contact Conference Organizer:
Macri Martha (530) 752-7086

The conference is sponsored by the UC Davis Department of
Native American Studies with funding from UC Davis, the UC
Davis Medical Center, the Rumsey Band of Wintun Indians,
Federated Indians of Grayton Rancheria, Middletown Rancheria,
San Pasqual Band of Mission Indians and the Yurok Tribe.
It is free and open to the public. Online registration is
available at: http://nas.ucdavis. edu/NALC/ cicg/onlinereg. html.


Museum Native-Inspired Cuisine and Entertainment Featured at
Dinner in the Canyons
On Saturday, October 13, the Agua Caliente Cultural Museum
will host its annual Dinner in the Canyons benefit in the
historic Andreas Canyon. Now in its seventeenth year, Dinner
in the Canyons has become the traditional inauguration of
the fall season in Palm Springs. The theme of the event is
“Sharing Gifts of Native Culture.”

Guests will enjoy a performance under the stars by Dancing
Earth, an indigenous contemporary dance company whose artistry
reflects the rich cultural heritage of Native peoples. ?
The company is passionately committed to indigenous
contemporary dance as primal, yet articulate motion that
speaks to all beings. They also believe in dance as an
expression that can illuminate issues of cultural,
historical, philosophical, mythical, and spiritual relevance.

Dancing Earth is lead by choreographer and director Rulan
Tangen (Métis). Choreographer for Mel Gibson's Apocalypto,
she also contributed choreography for Terence Malik's The
New World, in which she played the role of Two Moons. Ms.
Tangen teaches dance workshops in New Mexico public
schools for the Santa Fe Opera, and nationally for the
Native Wellness Institute. She teaches master classes at
the University of Arts in Jalapa Mexico, UC Riverside,
and the Society for Dance Historians. Ms. Tangen and her
company have performed at the Hemispheric Encuentros in
Brazil and Argentina, the Santa Fe Dance Festival, and
Living Rituals World Indigenous Dance Festival and the
Roots Remix Festival, (both in Toronto).

Guests at Dinner in the Canyons will enjoy Native-inspired
cuisine that features ingredients originating from the
indigenous cultures of North, Central, and South America.
Catered by Hyatt Regency Suites Palm Springs – Regency
Caterers, the menu features a salmon and beef filet
entreé with wild rice, complemented by a variety of
delectable Native berries, grains, fruits, nuts, sauces,
and seasonings. Dessert will be a surprise with hot
iIvarra chocolate.

Dinner in the Canyons will begin at 5:30 p.m. with a
cocktail reception, followed by dinner at 6:30 p.m.
Advance reservations are required and seating is limited.
Phone inquires for information should be directed to
the Agua Caliente Cultural Museum Development Department
at 760-778-1079, Ext. 111.

The mission of the Agua Caliente Cultural Museum is to
inspire people to learn about the Agua Caliente Band of
Cahuilla Indians and other Native cultures. The Museum
keeps the Native Spirit alive through exhibitions,
collections, research, and educational programs. As a
member of the prestigious Smithsonian Institution
Affiliations Program, the Museum has access to
Smithsonian educational programs, cultural objects, and
its world-acclaimed traveling exhibitions.

Agua Caliente Cultural Museum is located at 219 South
Palm Canyon Drive in Palm Springs. The Museum is open
Wednesday through Saturday, 10:00 AM to 5:00 PM and
Sunday 12 Noon to 5:00 PM. Admission is free. For more
information on the Museum and Dinner in the Canyons,
please call 760-778-1079 ext. 111 or visit
www.accmuseum. org.


22nd Annual California Indian Conference and Gathering
09/25/2007 - DAVIS CA

UC Davis News Service

Oct. 26-27, Friday and Saturday -- An estimated 400
California Indian scholars, artists and community members
will gather at UC Davis for two days of research
presentations, elders' circles, "hand game" demonstrations,
dance performances, health screenings and programs aimed
at encouraging Native American youth to apply to college.

The conference is sponsored by the UC Davis Department of
Native American Studies with funding from UC Davis, the
UC Davis Medical Center, the Rumsey Band of Wintun Indians,
Federated Indians of Grayton Rancheria, Middletown Rancheria,
San Pasqual Band of Mission Indians and the Yurok Tribe.
It is free and open to the public. Online registration is
available at:

Conference highlights will include:

Research presentations by Native American studies scholars
from throughout the western United States on such topics as
indigenous California languages and literature, cultural
revitalization, land claims and the Native American Graves
Protection and Repatriation Act.

Eight continuous elders' circles, offering opportunities for
conversation and informal sharing among participants on issues
of importance to California Indians.

A "Youth Pathways" program, in which an anticipated 150 Native
American and other underserved youth from as far away as
Fresno will get tips on getting into college, tour the UC Davis
Medical Center and learn about careers in the health-care field.

Demonstrations of traditional "hand games," sometimes
described as the earliest form of Indian gaming;
performances by three native dance troupes; an exhibition
of traditional Indian baskets at UC Davis' C.N. Gorman
Museum; and a dinner sponsored by the Rumsey Band of
Wintun Indians.

First held at UC Berkeley in 1986, the California Indian
Conference and Gathering has grown larger every year. This
will be the first time UC Davis has hosted the event.

The UC Davis Department of Native American Studies was
established in 1993. It was the first such department in
the University of California system, and remains one of
only a few at major universities nationwide. The department
awarded its first Ph.D. in 2003.

Media contact(s):
Claudia Morain, UC Davis News Service, (530) 752-9841,


ACF Announces New Task Force To Help Native American Children

WASHINGTON , D.C. ---The Administration for Children and
Families (ACF) at the U.S. Department of Health and Human
Services’ (HHS) today announced the formation of the Native
American Children & Youth Task Force.

Native American children and youth are faced with a set of
sobering statistics which include the highest death and
dropout rates of any racial or ethnic group in the country.

Statistics indicate that nearly half of all Native American
children live in single-parent families in communities with
high rates of child neglect, alcohol, drug abuse and

Native children whose parents are not employed are at
greater risk for living in poverty. Many of these youth
lack access to vital health care. They are also 50 percent
more likely to be victims of violence than youth of any
other race or ethnicity in the U.S. as a whole.

“These statistics paint a dire and disheartening picture of
life for many Native American youth. This is an urgent
matter that must be addressed with immediacy,” said Daniel
Schneider, Acting Assistant Secretary for ACF.

In an attempt to find solutions to these trends, the Native
American Children & Youth Task Force will prepare a review
of how various, local, state and federal efforts can be
improved and coordinated in order to better address the
difficulties faced by young members of America’s Native

Channell Wilkins, former director of the Office of Head
Start, will serve as Chairman of this new task force.
Chairman Wilkins brings along a varied career in community
service and a history of supporting underserved populations.

“I look forward to addressing these challenging issues
affecting our youth,” said Wilkins. “This new task force
will aid us in finding solutions that will remediate
these alarming trends.”

The Native American Children & Youth Task Force is an
internal task force that will be housed in the Immediate
Office of the Assistant Secretary at ACF.
Note: All ACF press releases, fact sheets and other press
materials are available at www.acf.hhs.gov/opa/index.html.


Cherokee Nation, in conjunction with the History Department
of the University of Texas, is being offered to residents
of Arlington and surrounding areas.

As seen in the Cherokee Phoenix and Indian Advocate, this
six-day, forty-hour course has received widespread acclaim
from the thousands of tribal employees and community members
who have participated in it. Now as part of an ongoing
initiative to rejuvenate our knowledge of language, culture,
and history, Cherokee Nation citizens, as well as the
general public, are offered the opportunity to enrich their
understanding of the Cherokee government and people.

Registration is $10 per person

To be held at:
Life Science Building
Room 119
University of Texas Arlington, TX

Registration form must be received by 5:00 P.M., October 17,
2007. Cancellations before October 12, 2007 will receive a
full refund of fees. No refunds will be granted to
cancellations received after October 12, 2007.
Phone registrations will not be accepted.

For more information or to cancel by phone, contact Julia
Coates at 918-453-2695 or Julia-coates @ cherokee.org


9th annual Rappahannock powwow Saturday October 13, 2007, 1
0am-5pm Indian Neck, Virginia

The Rappahannock Tribe presents their 9th Annual American
Indian POWWOW to be held on tribal land, Route 623 (Indian
Neck Road) in King and Queen County, VA   

ADMISSION: Adults $5.00, 12 and Under $3.00,
7 and Under……...Free

RAIN DATE:       Sunday, October 14, 2007
                 1:00 p.m.-6:00 p.m.

CONTACT:         If you have any questions about this event,
please call
(804) 769-0260 (day)or (804) 769-4205 (evening)

All Natives interested in participating, please contact
Judith Fortune at 804-769-4205 for Dance/Registration
Pre-registered & Invited Dancers ONLY

Please refrain from alcohol, drugs & profanity



The Link Center Foundation is seeking donations for those
in need of heating oil and emergency assistance on South
Dakota's Indian reservations. Last year, people burned their
clothes so families could stay warm. In past years, elders
have frozen to death.

I am the LCF Secretary. Our entire group are volunteers.
All donations goes towards the People. Please learn more
about us at our web site:

If you feel comfortable doing so, we would appreciate your
help. Also, please share the flyer below (and attached) with
your friends and list serves. Temperatures have already
dipped far below freezing, and assistance requests are
coming in.

Best Wishes,

Gina Boltz
Director, Native Village Publications
Director, Youth Forum for The International Council of
Thirteen Indigenous Grandmothers
Secretary, Link Center Foundation


Collect Campbell’s soup label and other proof of purchase
from Campbell’s products and mail them to us. Every one we
receive goes towards free educational and athletic equipment
for the Pine Ridge Elementary School (South Dakota).
Have a question? Email us at
info @ indianyouth.org.

Running Strong for American Indian Youth®
2550 Huntington Avenue, Suite 200
Alexandria, VA 22303





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Coalition opens new hotel in Sacramento

Pauma Band plans joint venture with Mashantucket Pequots

Collected stories and personal photos show California Indians
in their own images

Tribes rallying to overcome racism

Weaving a life's story; California woman determined to keep
basketweaving tradition alive

Campaign to undo tribal gambling compacts files signatures

'Homeland Security' T-Shirt Yanked Off Museum's Shelves

'Columbus Day' Americas National Terrorist Holiday ; Seventeen
states have dropped Columbus Day holiday. South Dakota state
law changed Columbus Day to Native American Day

How Columbus Day harms American Indians

Senate panel sides with tribes, approves more control over
study of remains

Second Native American in California Earns Online Library
Master's Degree

Tell your truth to media

Is Orange Co. next stop for a big casino? Indian band's
likely business 'phenomenal' - if it gets OK

Fort Mojave Indian Days set in Needles

Pechanga tribe's ousters bring protests, lawsuits

Tech linguists work to save language

University, Native American tribe strive to preserve a heritage

Gun club loses permit for site near sacred Indian land

Tribes worry wealth clouds the public's perception of them

Only living Elem Pomo speaker teaches so she won't be the last

Riding down the Powwow Highway; 'Fast Cars and Frybread' is
a heartfelt look at American Indian life

A final say? They hope not; Tribal elders are helping a
linguist compile an online dictionary of Washo, a language
close to extinction. More than just words are at stake.

Me-Wuk woman carries on tradition

Languages languish from lack of use, study shows; Indigenous
tongues seen at growing risk of being lost forever

Native Americans walk the California Trail of Tears

State gives ‘Chumash' name to Highway 154

One language disappears every 14 days; About half of the
world's distinct tongues could vanish this century,
researchers say. Two areas in the U.S. have a higher
rate of extinction

Native 'Rituals' displayed in Boehm Gallery

Tribal leader blesses Native American Center in campus building

What It's like to Be Native American in the New Millennium

Vacation on a Native American Reservation

Pan-Indianism: The New American

The Native American Church

Oratorical Literature in Native American Writing

Native American Culture Perspectives - Kinaalda: The Navajo
Puberty Ritual

Native American Cultural Preservation - Why it Matters

Montana Native American Legislator Steps Up

Oregon V. Smith: Substance Use (and Abuse?) in Religious

Native American groups call on UC Berkeley to return museum


Native American Day events planned at Crazy Horse

Partnership aims to help American Indian workers

Native American Day Came Without a Shot Fired

Using American Indian Philosophies to Awaken Our Inner Spirit

Kevin Gover Named Director of Smithsonian’s National Museum
of the American Indian

Controversy Builds Over New American Indian Museum Director

Nike Designs Shoe for American Indians

Tribal remains, artifacts sought

Anthropology: the great divide

Native Americans Demonstrate for Remains Return

Tribes join forces against UC Berkeley's decision to
eliminate NAGPRA unit

Schaghticoke Tribal Nation seeks restoration of federal acknowledgement

Schaghticokes say politicians ended bid

Not All Italians Love Columbus

Tolowa's somber history

Senate panel OKs bill that could return Kennewick Man to tribes

Sekaquaptewa to receive 4th annual Spirit of the Heard Award

Native bullfighters hope to make it big

Hopi Tribal Council approves appeal of trial court decision

House approves Native American Housing Assistance and Self Determination

Hopi Tribal dysfunction due to the Council's dereliction
of duties

New Indigenous Studies Minor Planned for Mason

Some Native Americans Do Not Have Stereotypical Appearance

M. Verde repairs ruins in alcove

Explore Montezuma's Well, Castle

Pueblo Educators Visit Crow Canyon

Animal activist trying to find home for about 200 animals
on land owned by Cheyenne River Sioux Tribe

Ancient canyon closed to ATVs

Reject the Lie of White "Genocide" Against Native Americans


Humor & Interesting Material:

From my friend Ed:

Wisdom of Larry the Cable Guy:
          READ SLOWLY

1. A day without sunshine is like night.

2. On the other hand, you have different fingers.

3. 42.7 percent of all statistics are made up on the spot.

4. 99 percent of lawyers give the rest a bad name.

5. Remember, half the people you know are below average.

6. He who laughs last thinks the slowest.

7. Depression is merely anger without enthusiasm.

8. The early bird may get the worm, but the second mouse
   gets the cheese in the trap.

9. Support bacteria. They're the only culture some people have.

10. A clear conscience is usually the sign of a bad memory.

11. Change is inevitable, except from vending machines.

12. If you think nobody cares, try missing a couple of payments.

13. How many of you believe in psycho-kinesis? Raise my hand.

14. OK, so what's the speed of dark?

15. When everything is coming your way, you're in the wrong lane.

16. Hard work pays off in the future. Laziness pays off now.

17. How much deeper would the ocean be without sponges?

18. Eagles may soar, but weasels don't get sucked into jet engines

19. What happens if you get scared half to death, twice?

20. Why do psychics have to ask you for your name?

21. Inside every older person is a younger person wondering,
    "What the heck happened?"

22. Just remember -- if the world didn't suck, we would all fall off.

23. Light travels faster than sound. That's why some people
    appear bright until you hear them speak.

24. Life isn't like a box of chocolates; it's more like a
    jar of jalapenos.   What you do today, might burn your
    rear tomorrow


From my Niece Marsha:

(Written by a former child)

A message every adult should read, because children are
watching you and doing as you do, not as you say.

When you thought I wasn't looking, I saw you hang my first
painting on the refrigerator, and I immediately wanted to
paint another one.

When you thought I wasn't looking, I saw you feed a stray
cat, and I learned that it was good to be kind to animals.

When you thought I wasn't looking, I saw you make my favorite
cake for me and I learned that the little things can be the
special things in life.

When you thought I wasn't looking, I heard you say a prayer,
and I knew there is a God I could always talk to and I
learned to trust in God.

When you thought I wasn't looking, I saw you make a meal and
take it to a friend who was sick, and I learned that we all
have to help take care of each other.

When you thought I wasn't looking, I saw you give of your
time and money to help people who had nothing and I learned
that those who have something should give to those who don't.

When you thought I wasn't looking, I saw you take care of our
house and everyone in it and I learned we have to take care
of what we are given.

When you thought I wasn't looking, I saw how you handled your
responsibilities, even when you didn't feel good and I learned
that I would have to be responsible when I grow up.

When you thought I wasn't looking, I saw tears come from your
eyes and I learned that sometimes things hurt, but it's all
right to cry.

When you thought I wasn't looking, I saw that you cared and
I wanted to be everything that I could be.

When you thought I wasn't looking, I learned most of life's
lessons that I need to know to be a good and productive
person when I grow up.

When you thought I wasn't looking, I looked at you and wanted
to say, "Thanks for all the things I saw when you thought
I wasn't looking."

Each of us (parent, grandparent, aunt, uncle, teacher or
friend) influence the life of a child. How will you touch the
life of someone today? Just by sending this to someone else,
you will probably make them at least think about their
influence on others. Be wary of how we treat each other for
if they are children you are teaching them how to treat
their children when they grow up!


Here are some random historical events for October:

October 1, 1800: The San Ildefonso Treaty is signed today.
A secret part of this treaty signed by France and Spain is
for Spain to return the lands in Louisiana west of the
Mississippi River to France.

October 2, 1818: Lewis Cass, Jonathan Jennings, and Benjamin
Parke, representing the United States, sign a treaty with the
POTAWATOMI & WEA Indians today on the St.Mary's River on the
Indiana-Ohio border. The tribe will exchange vast holdings
in Indiana for an annual payment of $2,500.

October 3, 1873: Captain Jack is hanged today for his part
in the MODOC War.

October 4, 1878: Dull Knife, and his band of Northern CHEYENNE,
cross the Union Pacific line at Alkali station, Nebraska.
Stationed in Fort Sidney, in western Nebraska, Major T.T.
Thornburgh, and 140 soldiers, board a waiting train in an
attempt to catch up to Dull Knife.

October 5, 1813: Near the Thames River in Canada, today,
American forces, led by General William Henry Harrison, and
British-Indian forces, led by Henry Proctor and Tecumseh,
will fight a decisive battle. Harrison's forces were much
stronger. Setting up an ambush, the British and the Indians
forces took up different positions. When Harrison's forces
attacked the 700 British soldiers, they caved in almost
immediately. Tecumseh's Indians, fighting in a swamp, held
out until Tecumseh was killed. At the end of the fighting,
600 British were captured, 18 were killed. Thirty-three
Indians were killed, while none were captured. The American
forces lost 18 men, as well.

October 6, 1774: In what would be called Lord Dunmore's War,
Virginia Governor, John Murray, the Earl of Dunmore will
authorize an Army of Virginians to go into SHAWNEE territory,
despite the royal proclamation of October 7th, 1763, which
prohibited European settlements west of the Appalachian
Mountains. Dunmore had granted lands to veterans in the
prohibited area, and he planned on helping them get it.
Today around 800 SHAWNEEs, under Chief Cornstalk, will
attack Dunmore's force of 850 men at Point Pleasant, in
present day western West Virginia, on the Ohio and Kanawha
Rivers. The fighting would last all day. Both sides would
suffer numerous casualties. Cornstalk would lose the battle,
and eventually sign a peace treaty with the Virginians.

October 7, 1759: Last year, TAWEHASH Indians helped to
destroy the Spanish Mission of San Saba de la Santa Cruz
in east Texas. The Spanish have finally gathered a punative
expedition, leading 1,000 Spanish and pro-Spanish Indians,
Diego Ortiz Parrilla will attack the TAWEHASH village today.
With their allies the COMANCHEs and the TAWAKONIs, the
TAWEHASH fight back. The TAWEHASH will win the day, and
force the retreat of the Spanish allied forces, killing as
many as 100 men in the process.

October 8, 1779: El Mocho was an APACHE; but, he was
captured by the TONKAWAs. His bravery and natural leadership
abilities, eventually led the TONKAWAs to make him their
Principal Chief. Today, he will meet with Spanish Governor
Athanase de Mezieres in San Antonio. They will sign a peace
treaty; and, El Mocho (Spanish for mutilated) will be
honored with a Medal of Honor. The peace would only last
for a few years.

October 9, 1978: The CHEROKEE Tribal Council adopts an
official flag, designed by Stanley John, today.

October 10, 1540: Today, de Soto enters a village called
Athahachi. Here he will meet the village chief, Tascaluca.
Tascaluca will be taken as a hostage by de Soto to insure the
cooperation of the Chief's followers.

October 11, 1874: Satanta has become despondent about his
life-term in the Huntsville, Texas, prison. He has slashed
his wrists trying to kill himself, but he is unsuccessful.
He will be admitted to the prison hospital. Today, Satanta
will jump from a second floor balcony. He will land head
first, and die.

October 12, 1833: Captain John Page leaves Choctaw Agency,
Mississippi with 1000 CHOCTAW for the Indian Territory.
Many of the CHOCTAW are old, lane, blind, or sick.

October 13, 1864: Little Buffalo, with 700 of his fellow
COMANCHEs, and KIOWAs, launched a series of raids along
Elm Creek, ten miles from the Brazos River, in north-western
Texas, today. Sixteen Texans and perhaps, twenty Indians
will be killed in the fighting with the settlers, and the
Rangers, in the area.

October 14, 1880: Victorio's APACHEs are attacked by the
Mexican army near Tres Castillos, in Chihuahua, Mexico.
Victorio will be shot, and killed by a Mexican sharpshooter.
Many of his followers will be killed, as well. The Mexicans
will report killing seventy-eight men, and capturing
sixty-eight women and children.

October 15, 1876: Lt.Col. E.S.Otis' force of 237 soldiers,
and 96 wagons of supplies for the soldiers at the mouth of
the Tongue River, are attacked again on Spring Creek. This
time the Indians are approximately 800 strong, according to
Army reports. A running battle continues. The Indians will
send numerous sorties against the wagons. They will also
set fire to the prairie grass, forcing the wagons to drive
through the flames. Several people will be killed and wounded
on both sides.

October 16, 1837: After having fought for the government
in the SEMINOLE Wars, Jim Boy "Tustennuggee Emathla", a
CREEK leader, and some other CREEK Chiefs, arrive in New
Orleans today, en route to the Indian Territory.

October 17, 1863: Kit Carson has been conducting a campaign
against the NAVAJOs who have not reported to their assigned
reservation. This will be called the Canyon de Chelly
Campaign. Carson will effect a scorched earth policy, trying
to starve the NAVAJOs into submission. Today, 2 NAVAJOs will
appear at Fort Wingate, in western New Mexico, under a flag
of truce. One of the two is El Sordo, brother to NAVAJO
leaders Barboncito, and Delgadito. He will propose that the
NAVAJOs live next to the fort, so the soldiers can keep an
eye on them at all times. They still do not wish to move
away from their homelands to the Bosque Redondo Reservation.
The Army will turn down the proposal, and insist the NAVAJOs
go to the reservation.

October 18, 1820: Today, a treaty will be negotiated between
Andrew Jackson and the CHOCTAWs. The CHOCTAWs will give up
lands in Mississippi for land in western Arkansas. Part of
the lands that Jackson promised to the Indians belonged to
Spain, or were already settled by Europeans. This would be
called the Treaty of Doak's Stand. Chief Pushmataha will be
one of the signers.

October 19, 1841: Today, TALLAHASSEE SEMINOLE Chief Tiger
Tail (Thlocko Tustennuggee) will surrender to American forces
based on the intervention of SEMINOLE Chief Alligator
(Hallpatter Tustennuggee). In only 3 months, though, Tiger
Tail will escape from government detention in Fort Brooke.

October 20, 1832: Marks Crume, John Davis, and Jonathan
Jennings, representing the United States, and POTAWATOMI
Indians sign a treaty today at Tippecanoe. The Indians will
give up lands near Lake Michigan for $15,000 a year, debt
relief, and for supplies.

October 21, 1867: (through October 28th) Today starts the
biggest US-Indian conference ever held. The conference was
held near Fort Dodge, Kansas near what was called Medicine
Lodge Creek. The name came from a KIOWA "medicine lodge"
which was still standing from a recent KIOWA "sun dance"
ceremony. Of the KIOWA & COMANCHE treaty, some KIOWA signers
were: Satanta, Satank, Black Bird, Kicking Bird, & Lone Bear.
(15 stat. 589)

October 22, 1859: Today, the "Camp on Pawnee Fork", which
will eventually become Fort Larned, is established in Kansas.
The military base is established to protect travelers on the
Santa Fe Trail from "hostile Indians." The fort will be
abandoned almost 20 years later.

October 23, 1874: This morning, a bunch of SIOUX take axes
to the stripped tree that Red Cloud Agency Agent J.J.
Saville has planned as a flagpole. The Indians do not want
a flag on their reservation. When Saville gets no help in
stopping the choppers from Indian leaders, he sends a worker
to get help from Fort Robinson, in northwest Nebraska. As
the two dozen soldiers from the fort are riding toward the
agency, a large group of angry SIOUX surrounds them. They
try to instigate a fight. Suddenly, the SIOUX police, led
by Young Man Afraid of His Horses, ride up and form a cordon
around the soldiers. The SIOUX police will escort the
soldiers to the agency stockade, averting a possible fight.
Many SIOUX will be frustrated by the events, and will leave
the reservation.

October 24, 1840: Col.John Moore with 90 Texans, and 12
"friendly" LIPAN Indians, come upon a COMANCHE village on
the Red Fork of the Colorado River, in central Texas. The
Texans sneak up on the village, and attack. According to
the Texans, 148 COMANCHEs are killed, and 34 are captured.
Only 1 Texan dies. The Texans also seize almost 500 horses.
The village will be burned.

October 25, 1862: The TONKAWAs were living on a reservation
in the Washita River in Indian Territory, after having been
removed from a reservation on the Brazos River, in Texas.
The TONKAWAs have earned the enmity of other tribes because
they acted as scouts for the army. On this date, DELAWARE,
SHAWNEE, and CADDO Indians attacked the TONKAWA village.
137 of the 300 TONKAWAs were killed in the raid.

October 26, 1882: The Navy shells the TLINGITS today.

October 27, 1970: The PIT RIVER Indians engage in a skirmish
with local law enforcement today in Burney, California.

October 28, 1932: The mineral rights sales ban for the PAPAGO
Reservation is canceled.

October 29, 1805: Lewis & Clark meet the CHILLUCKITTEQUAW
Chief and medicine man.

October 30, 1805: 1876: President grant, by Executive Order
today, revokes the White Mountain-San Carlos (CHIRICAHUA)
Reserve. The area bounded by Dragoon Springs to Peloncillo
Mountain Summit to New Mexico to Mexico will revert to the
public domain. The reserve was established on December 14, 1872.

October 31, 1879: After the Standing Bear trial, where it
was ruled that the government could not force an Indian to
stay in any one reservation against their will, Big Snake
decides to test the law. He asks for permission to leave his
reservation to visit Standing Bear. His request is denied.
He will eventually leave his PONCA Reservation to go to the
CHEYENNE Reservation, also in Indian Territory. Big Snake
will be returned to the PONCA Reservation, when General
Sherman decides the Standing Bear ruling applies only to
Standing Bear. Big Snake will make the PONCA Agent, William
Whiteman, very angry. Whiteman will order Big Snake arrested.
Today, Big Snake will be arrested and charged with
threatening Whiteman. In Whiteman's office, after denying
any such actions, Big Snake refuses to go with the soldiers
there to arrest him. A struggle develops, and Big Snake is
shot and killed.


That's it for now. There might be more before the
end of the month.

Have a great month.

Phil Konstantin

End of Phil Konstantin's October 2007 Newsletter - Part 1
start of the Phil Konstantin's October 2007 newsletter - Part 2


This is just a brief update for the fires we are having here in San

Things are starting to improve here in San Diego County. A few
communities are starting to reopen to evacuees. There have been a total
of 500,000 people evacuated. Qualcomm (San Diego Chargers) stadium only
has about 500 people left +/-.

We still have three major fires burning. They are mostly in rural areas
with only a limited number of residences being still threatened. These
fires are NOT contained or circled yet. So, there is always the
possibility of things getting worse. Howevert, the winds have really
died down. There are more aircraft coming in to help fight the fires,
too. San Dieg County has many valleys and mountains. We are in the
middle of the driest period in the last 200 years. being a desert area.
we have lots of dry brush which is perfect fuel for fires.

Several of the fires were started by high winds (called "Santa Ana"s).
Trees were blown over into power lines and/or power poles were blown
down. The winds were over 80mph in some areas. The winds are now down to
normal breezes.

Many people have horse and large animals, which have also been

There has only been one death directly related to the fires. I think
about 3 or 4 very elderly (90 years ols +/-) people died while they were
being taken from one threatened hospital to another. They were reported
to have been under intensive care at the time they were moved.

Today is the 4th anniversary of the Cedar Fires. Over a dozen people
were killed n that fire. I believe that many people are taking the
evacuation notices more seriously this time. Authorities are using a
"reverse 911" system to notify people of the need to leave. This system
uses computers to automatically call phones in the affected area.

I am OK, as is my home. My house was about 5 miles from the closest
fire. I've been working 12 hour shifts at my TV station. We are doing
streaming video on our website. You are welcome to watch:

Here are a couple of good websites where you can ge updates and find
maps of the fires and evacuated areas:

Phil Konstantin
San Diego
"San Diflameo"


end of Phil Konstantin's October 2007 newsletter - Part 2

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Four of the five books I have worked on. I either wrote, co-wrote, or contributed to each of these beeks

This is the cover to my first book. 
Click here to got more info, or to order a copy. Click on the cover to order a copy or to get more info.
This Day in North American Indian History
This Day in North American Indian History is a one-of-a-kind, vastly entertaining and informative book covering over 5000 years of North American Indian history, culture, and lore. Wide-ranging, it covers over 4,000 important events involving the native peoples of North America in a unique day-by-day format.

The thousands of entries in This Day in North American Indian History weave a compelling and comprehensive mosaic of North American Indian history spanning more than five millennia-every entry an exciting opening into the fascinating but little- known history of American Indians.

Over 100 photographs and illustrations - This book has 480 pages, weighs 2.2 pounds and is 8" by 9.5" in size. The Dates, Names and "Moons" section of these pages are based on the book.

This is the cover to my 4th book. 
Click here to got more info, or to order a copy or to get more info.
This is the cover to my 4th book. Click here to got more info, or to order a copy or to get more info."

Native American History For Dummies

I wrote six of the twenty-four chapters in this book. I am credited with being the technical editor. Book Description:
Native American History For Dummies introduces readers to the thousand-year-plus history of the first inhabitants of North America and explains their influence on the European settlement of the continent. Covering the history and customs of the scores of tribes that once populated the land, this friendly guide features vivid studies of the lives of such icons as Pocahontas, Sitting Bull, and Sacagawea; discusses warfare and famous battles, offering new perspectives from both battle lines; and includes new archaeological and forensic evidence, as well as oral histories that show events from the perspective of these indigenous peoples. The authors worked in concert with Native American authorities, institutions, and historical experts to provide a wide range of insight and information.
This is the cover to my 3rd book. 
Click here to got more info, or to order a copy or to get more info.
This is the cover to my 3rd book. Click here to got more info, or to order a copy or to get more info
Treaties With American Indians I wrote an article and several appendix items for this book.
Clips from a review on Amazon.com: *Starred Review* In the 93 years from 1778 until 1871, there were more than 400 treaties negotiated by Indian agents and government officials. Editor Fixico and more than 150 contributors have crafted a three volume comprehensive tool that will soon become essential for anyone interested in the topic. A resource section with lists of ?Alternate Tribal Names and Spellings,? ?Tribal Name Meanings,? (<---- I wrote this part) Treaties by Tribe,? and ?Common Treaty Names? and a bibliography and comprehensive index are repeated in each volume. This impressive set has a place in any academic library that supports a Native American studies or American history curriculum. It is the most comprehensive source of information on Canadian-Indian treaties and U.S.-Indian treaties. Also available as an e-book.

"The Wacky World of Laws"
It was just released in May 2009.
The Wacky World of Laws. Click on the cover to order a copy or to get more info.

The Wacky World of Laws is a compilation of U.S. and International Laws that are out of the ordinary. With the U.S. churning out 500,000 new laws every year and 2 million regulations annually, this book is the ideal go-to book fro everyone who wants a good laugh at the expense of our legal system. Law so often can be boring! Now with The Wacky World of Laws, you can be the hit of any water cooler conversation, and amaze your friends with precious legal nuggets.

I wrote most of this book. It is my fifth book.

(copyright, © Phil Konstantin, 2010)

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