August 2009 Newsletter from
"This Day in North American Indian History"
by Phil Konstantin
Copyright Phil Konstantin (1996-2010)

Click Here To Return To The Previous Website

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Phil Konstantin's August 2009 Newsletter #1
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Greetings,

I just returned from a trip to Utah, Arizona and Nevada. I visited some
friends, some old favorite places, and some new locations. One of the
new places I visited was Buckskin Gulch.

Buckskin Gorge is located adjacent to the Paria River on the
Utah-Arizona border. It is north of the Grand Canyon, south of Kanab,
southeast of Zion National Park, and west of Page Arizona and the Glen
Canyon Dam. According to some sources, Buckskin Gulch has the longest
slot canyons in the world.

According to the sign at the Wire Pass Trailhead: "You're about to
embark on an unforgettable adventure. The stunning scenery of Coyote
Buttes attracts hikers from all over the world. Buckskin Gulch is a
winding chasm of stone agnd spectacular cliffs. Either fork will lead
you through a fantastic eological story.

From this trailhead, you can access two separate destinations, Buckskin
Gulch or Coyote Buttes and The Wave."

I was traveling with two small children. Even if we could have gotten
one of the 20 permits to visit The Wave, I knew it would be a hard trip
for them. One would find the hike taxing. The other would be hard
pressed to stay on the trail, as he likes to climb everything he sees.
In any case, this is an amazing area of land.

You can see my photos of the area here:

http://americanindian.net/utah2009/slots/index.html


I also visited some petroglyphs just west of the city of St. George,
Utah. They are in the Santa Clara River Preserve. They are a short hike
off of one of the areas main roads. These petroglyphs are unique in that
many of them are on large rocks are ground level. You could literally
walk on them if you do not watch where you are looking. You can see my
photos of the area here:


Phil


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"Link Of The Month" for August:

http://www.lib.utulsa.edu/digital/robertson/index.asp

Letter about the Dwight Mission to the Cherokee.
http://www.lib.utulsa.edu/digital/robertson/Series_II/transcriptions/AR2_04_07_612.asp


This month's LOTM is from the Alice M. Robertson Collection at the
University of Tulsa. Alice was a member of Congress and grew up
among missionaries who worked with Cherokees in Oklahoma. Her
writings reflect the period. I first noticed her work when my moth
found on of the links which talks about work at the Dwight Mission.
You may find the articles a good look into the thinking of the times.


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Treaty Of The Month:

TREATY WITH THE CHEROKEE, 1846.

Aug. 6, 1846. | 9 Stat., 871. | Ratified Aug. 8, 1846. | Proclaimed Aug.
17, 1846.

Some of the matters covered in this treaty are:

Lands occupied by Cherokee nation to be secured to whole people, and a
patent to be issued.
All difficulties and disputes adjusted, and a general amnesty declared.
Laws to be passed for equal protection, and for the security of life,
liberty, and property.
No one to be punished for any crime, except on conviction by a jury.
Certain claims paid out of the $5,000,000 fund to be reimbursed by the
United States.
Provisions for the equitable interest of the Western Cherokees in lands
ceded by treaty of 1828.
Per Capita allowance for Western Cherokees to be held in trust by United
States, etc.
Committee of five from “Old Settlers.”
Indemnity for “Treaty Party.”
Provisions for heirs of Major Ridge, John Ridge and Elias Boudinot.
A fair and just settlement of all moneys due the Cherokees under the
treaty of 1835 to be made.
Rights under treaty of Aug. 1, 1835, not affected.

Transcript here:
http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/che0561.htm

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Poem by my son, Ron:


"A Bitter Pill To A Better Pearl"
By: Ron Konstantin

Often life gives you bitter pills to swallow.
but a true metal warrior must go on.
The trick is to use what you have learned.
From the experience to make you strong.

Because what really makes you strongest,
are the tough battles life has given you.
They can be turned into pearls of wisdom,
That can defend a heart of steel; it's true.

So, fight on the good fight in the memory
of our fallen brothers and sisters of steel.
And when you rise victorious from the next battle
They will look down and know your courage, real.

When across the rainbow bridge you meet again,
they will smile and hail with a warm embrace.
Then together, sit in the hall among the mighty fallen,
and drink from bottomless horns in that mighty place..

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Notices:
-------------
(Use your own judgement before you participate in any of these
activities. I do not vouch for any of them.)


Hello,

I’m writing to seek your assistance in writing entries for a new
encyclopedia project, Native Peoples of the World. This three-
volume encyclopedia, edited by Steven L. Danver and associate
editors Marc Becker, Patit Mishra, Barbara Bennett Peterson,
Hakeem Tijani, and Harald Haarmann; and to be published by
the renowned reference publisher M.E. Sharpe, will examine the
complex relationships between the world's indigenous groups
and the societies that surround them.

Of particular interest will be borderlands issues that arise when
indigenous groups are either migratory across international borders
or have territories that span international borders. It will serve both
as a primer for people wishing to learn about indigenous relations
worldwide, and a ready-reference resource for people wishing to easily
locate information on specific groups, nations, and topics. Because of
its organization and different types of entries, it will provide both a
depth and a breadth of information, making it an indispensable resource
on the topic.

I’ve attached the list of entries, with all of the pertinent project
details, to this message. If you are interested in participating,
please reply to me at contributors @ mesaverdepublishing.com.
Requests received by August 4, 2009 will receive first consideration,
but (I realize this is summer, and you may not receive this until later)
please reply even if you cannot respond by the first date!

Best regards,
____________________
Dr. Steven L. Danver
Visiting Assistant Professor of History, Pepperdine University
Mesa Verde Publishing, http://www.mesaverdepublishing.com/
Managing Editor, Journal of the West

Native Peoples of the World
Mesa Verde Publishing/M.E. Sharpe
Entry Assignment List, July 31, 2009
This three-volume encyclopedia, edited by Steven L. Danver and associate
editors Marc Becker, Patit Mishra,
Barbara Bennett Peterson, Hakeem Tijani, and Harald Haarmann; and to be
published by the renowned reference publisher M.E. Sharpe, will examine
the complex relationships between the world's indigenous groups and the
societies that surround them. Of particular interest will be borderlands
issues that arise when indigenous groups are either migratory across
international borders or have territories that span international
borders. It will serve both as a primer for people wishing to learn
about indigenous relations worldwide, and a ready-reference resource for
people wishing to easily locate information on specific groups, nations,
and topics. Because of its
organization and different types of entries, it will provide both a
depth and a breadth of information, making it an indispensable resource
on the topic.

Due Dates:
• First 2,000 words of entries assigned: September 1, 2009
• One additional month for each additional 2,000 words of entries
• Other accommodations can be made upon request
Contributing Author Remuneration:
• up to 1000 words: byline
• 1001-3000 words: byline, $50
• 3001-6000 words: byline, $50, 1 copy of the encyclopedia
• 6001-10000 words: byline, $100, 1 copy of the encyclopedia
• 10001-15000 words: byline, $100, 2 copies of the encyclopedia
• Every 5000 words thereafter increases honorarium by $100
Please send a copy of your c.v. (if you’ve not already) to
contri-@mesaverdepublishing.com if you
are possibly interested in participating in this first-of-its-kind
reference work.

Abenaki 1,000 1-Groups North America
Aleut 1,000 1-Groups North America
Algonquian 500 1-Groups North America
Apache 2,000 1-Groups North America
Arapahoe 500 1-Groups North America
Assiniboine 500 1-Groups North America
Assiniboine 500 1-Groups North America
Athabascan 1,000 1-Groups North America
Blackfeet 2,000 1-Groups North America
Blackfoot 500 1-Groups North America
Caddo 500 1-Groups North America
Cherokee 2,000 Assigned 1-Groups North America
Cheyenne 1,000 1-Groups North America
Chickasaw 1,000 Assigned 1-Groups North America
Chippewa 2,000 1-Groups North America
Choctaw 2,000 1-Groups North America
Chumash 500 Assigned 1-Groups North America
Colville 500 1-Groups North America
Comanche 1,000 1-Groups North America
Cree 500 1-Groups North America
Creek 2,000 1-Groups North America
Crow 1,000 1-Groups North America
Diegueño 500 1-Groups North America
Gabrieleño 500 1-Groups North America
HaliwaSaponi 500 1-Groups North America
Havasupai 500 1-Groups North America
Hoopa 500 1-Groups North America
Hopi 1,000 Assigned 1-Groups North America
Houma 500 1-Groups North America
Hualapai 500 1-Groups North America
Huron 500 1-Groups North America
Inuit 1,000 Assigned 1-Groups North America
Inupiat 1,000 1-Groups North America
Iowa 500 1-Groups North America
Juaneño 500 1-Groups North America
Karuk 500 1-Groups North America
Kickapoo 500 1-Groups North America
Kiowa 1,000 1-Groups North America
Klamath 500 1-Groups North America
Lenape 1,000 1-Groups North America
Luiseño 500 1-Groups North America
Lumbee 2,000 1-Groups North America
Lummi 500 1-Groups North America
Maidu 500 1-Groups North America
Menominee 500 1-Groups North America
Métis 1,000 1-Groups North America
MeWuk 500 1-Groups North America
Miami 500 1-Groups North America
Micmac 500 1-Groups North America
Micmac 500 1-Groups North America
Modoc 500 1-Groups North America
Mohawk 1,000 1-Groups North America
Montagnais 500 1-Groups North America
Narragansett 500 1-Groups North America
Navajo 2,000 Assigned 1-Groups North America
Nez Perce 500 Assigned 1-Groups North America
Odawa 1,000 1-Groups North America
Omaha 500 1-Groups North America
Oneida 1,000 1-Groups North America
Osage 1,000 1-Groups North America
Paiute 1,000 1-Groups North America
Pawnee 500 1-Groups North America
Pequot 500 1-Groups North America
Pima 1,000 1-Groups North America
Pomo 500 1-Groups North America
Ponca 500 1-Groups North America
Potawatomi 1,000 1-Groups North America
Powhatan 500 1-Groups North America
Pueblo 2,000 Assigned 1-Groups North America
Sac and Fox 500 1-Groups North America
Salish 1,000 1-Groups North America
Seminole 1,000 1-Groups North America
Seneca 1,000 1-Groups North America
Shawnee 1,000 1-Groups North America
Shoshone 1,000 1-Groups North America
Shoshone-Bannock 500 1-Groups North America
Sioux 2,000 1-Groups North America
Tlingit Haida 1,000 1-Groups North America
Tohono O’Odham 1,000 1-Groups North America
Tsimshian 500 1-Groups North America
Tuscarora 500 1-Groups North America
Ute 1,000 1-Groups North America
Wampanoag 500 1-Groups North America
Winnebago 500 1-Groups North America
Yakama 1,000 1-Groups North America
Yavapai 500 1-Groups North America
Yokuts 500 1-Groups North America
Yup’ik 1,000 1-Groups North America
Yurok 500 1-Groups North America


----------------

The state Indian Health Program was eliminated from the state budget
by the governor’s line item veto. Many people have been working
diligently to have funding restored but we need everyone to help. In
the article below are the names of the heads of the state legislature
with their office phone numbers. If everyone could just take a minute
to call their offices and tell them that “you support restoration of
funding to the Indian Health Program” it would be much appreciated.

The legislature reconvenes on August 17, 2009 and we have to have
support to move this forward. Time is of the essence. Additionally, if
everyone could look up their local state legislators and call them too
that would be great. I got word from Marc LeBeau at CRIHB this morning
that Senator Steinberg is including IHP in his push for program
restoration so we have to keep the pressure on.

This move has been especially devastating to the urban Indian clinics.
If we can’t get funding restored then we are going to be forced to cut
back on programs and services. Please make the calls for all our Indian
people.

Stop Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger's new line-item veto budget cuts
Contact Speaker Karen Bass and Senate President Pro Tem Darrell
Steinberg and urge them to call legislators back to Sacramento to
override the cuts

Using his line-item veto power, Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger just made
hundreds of millions of dollars in NEW cuts to California's budget.
Together, we can stop him and save lives -- but we don't have much time.

These new budget cuts will hurt people. They may even kill people. The
legislature has the power to override these vetoes and save these vital
services that Arnold Schwarzenegger is trying to destroy.

Make your voice heard now by contacting Speaker Karen Bass and
Senate President Pro Tem Darrell Steinberg and ask them to call
legislators back into session to override the vetoes.

You can call their offices:

Speaker Karen Bass: (916) 319-2047

Senate President Pro Tem Darrell Steinberg: (916) 651-4006


Paula Brim
Chair, Board of Directors
San Diego American Indian Health Center
858-442-5033 Phone
619-330-4530 Fax
paula_brim @ prodigy.net

------------------

Schaghticoke appeal moved forward in 2nd Circuit

http://www.indiancountrytoday.com/national/51574232.html

By Gale Courey Toensing

Story Published: Jul 29, 2009

NEW YORK – The Schaghticoke Tribal Nation has lined up its arguments
for a restoration of its federal acknowledgment in a final brief filed
in June in appellate court.

Tribal attorney Richard Emanuel filed the tribe’s brief in the 2nd
Circuit Court of Appeals June 8. It is a consolidated response to
objections to the restoration of the tribe’s federal status by the
defendants and interveners – the Interior Department and its
officials, and Connecticut Attorney General Richard Blumenthal,
respectively.

“I’m looking forward to presenting our arguments to the 2nd
Circuit,”
Emanuel said, but declined to discuss the details of the case. The court
will likely hear arguments in the fall.

The BIA recognized STN in a Final Determination Jan. 29, 2004, then
reversed itself 20 months later in an unprecedented Reconsidered
Final Determination, taking away both the Schaghticoke and Eastern
Pequot Tribal Nation’s federal recognition.

The 2nd Circuit Court appeal challenges a decision by U.S. District
Court Senior Judge Peter Dorsey last August that denied the tribe’s
Administrative Procedures Appeal of the RFD. That appeal claimed
the recognition reversal was due to unlawful political influence by
powerful politicians, an anti-Indian casino group and its lobbyist,
Barbour Griffith & Rogers, now known as BGR, who violated federal
laws, agency regulations, congressional ethics rules and court orders
in trampling the tribes’ due process rights.

Dorsey’s ruling granted the defendants’ summary judgment request
to dismiss the case, and denied the tribe’s summary judgment request
to restore its federal acknowledgment, or appoint a magistrate judge
or special master to determine the tribe’s status, or remand the issue
to the Interior for further consideration.

In the introduction to his brief, Emanuel reviews the actions that took
place in the time between the BIA acknowledgment and reversal of STN’s
federal status: politicians’ calls for investigations, congressional
hearings where the tribe’s federal recognition was attacked,
violations by Blumenthal of an ex parte prohibition against
communicating with federal decision makers, ex parte communications with
the Interior Board of Indian Appeals by members of Congress, a threat by
Virginian Rep. Frank Wolf to tell the president that then Interior
Secretary Gale Norton should be fired if she didn’t reverse the
tribe’s recognition, and the introduction of legislation by former
Connecticut Congresswoman Nancy Johnson to terminate the tribe, which
castigated by name former Assistant Secretary of Indian Affairs Aurene
Martin.

“As Judge Dorsey stated (or perhaps understated) in his ruling on
cross motions for summary judgment, ‘what followed the Final
Determination in the backrooms of Washington is the subject of much
concern to STN.’ It should be of much concern to this court too,”
Emanuel wrote in his brief.

Emanuel uses Dorsey’s own words frequently to support the tribe’s
claim of undue political influence.

He quotes Dorsey at length, for example, to refute “the adversaries”

claim that the political influence activities were unimportant and
ineffective because they took place during the three-month period
between the Final Determination and the filing of requests for
reconsideration.

“There is no question that throughout 2004 and 2005 the Connecticut
Congressional Delegation, Connecticut state and local officials, and
other public and private stakeholders, including a community
organization in the Town of Kent which hired the Washington lobbying
firm Barbour Griffith & Rogers to advocate on its behalf, lobbied the
secretary of the Interior, the BIA, the White House, and even this court
about reversing the acknowledgment decision,” Dorsey wrote in his
ruling.

The brief argues that the appeals court can and should consider the
tribe’s claim of political influence not only under an “actual
influence” standard, but also under a stricter “appearance of
bias” or “appearance of impropriety” standard.

Dorsey was involved in an appearance of bias or impropriety issue during
the tribe’s appeal in his court. The tribe discovered through a
Freedom of Information request a letter he had written to Connecticut
Gov. Jodi Rell in August 2005, assuring her that he had extended a
deadline to the tribe as a precautionary measure to avoid a possible
future reversal of his decision – a decision he hadn’t made yet –
by another court that might accept as valid the tribe’s claim of undue
political influence.

“It reflects a caution intended to avoid a reversal by another court
which might buy a due process argument,” Dorsey wrote.

The unnamed court is the 2nd Circuit Appeals Court where the tribe is
now appealing Dorsey’s ruling. The tribe questions whether Dorsey’s
letter meant he had prejudged the tribe’s due process claims
unfavorably and was told he had not.

Emanuel also quotes Dorsey’s assertion that federal decision makers
came under a tsunami of political pressure to reverse the STN’s
federal recognition.

“There is no question that political actors exerted pressure on the
department over the course of 2004 and 2005 in opposition to the Final
Determination acknowledgment of STN, both publicly through
congressional hearings and media publicity and privately through
meetings and correspondence with the secretary and other agency
officials,” Dorsey wrote.

But Dorsey denied STN’s appeal in part, he said, because federal
decision makers said they were not influenced by the frenzy of political
pressure that was brought to bear upon them.

That’s not good enough, Emanuel said in arguing that the district
court misapplied the summary judgment standards.

“This court should not endorse the proposition that by the simple
expedient of denying bias, a government official can wipe away all
evidence of it. A political influence claim implicates mental processes
like bias, motive and intent. Such issues are elusive, at best, and are
difficult to prove. Bias and motive are generally proved by
circumstantial evidence.”

Emanuel also refutes Blumenthal’s lengthy discussions on state
recognition and marriage rates as a “stealth” harmless error
argument – meaning that Blumenthal is saying even if error occurred in
the process, it wasn’t “harmful” because the BIA reached the
legally “correct” decision in its reversal.

In his argument against “harmless error,” Emanuel quotes the Supreme

Court statement that, “Among those basic fair trial rights that can
never be treated as harmless is a defendant’s right to an impartial
adjudicator, be it judge or jury.”

Emanuel also cites fairness and justice as an imperative. The tribe
respected the process and played by the rules as confirmed by Interior
Inspector Earl Devaney in a 2004 report of an investigation he had
conducted in response to requests from Connecticut Sens. Christopher
Dodd and Joe Lieberman.

“Our investigation found no evidence to support the allegation that
lobbyists or representatives for STN directly or indirectly influenced
BIA officials to grant federal acknowledgment to STN,” Devaney wrote.

“Those rules now require that this court reverse the District
Court’s
judgment,” Emanuel wrote.

------------------

Mark Pfiefer wrote this article.
Darrell "Shifty" Powers lived in Roanoke, Virginia.
He served bravely in World War II and his life is portrayed in the book
and the TV Series "Band Of Brothers." Another hero passed into the
Spirit World with not a whisper here on Earth.

We're hearing a lot today about big splashy memorial services. I want a
nationwide memorial service for Darrell "Shifty" Powers.

Shifty volunteered for the airborne in WWII and served with Easy Company
of the 506th Parachute Infantry Regiment, part of the 101st Airborne
Infantry. If you've seen Band of Brothers on HBO or the History Channel,
you know Shifty. His character appears in all 10 episodes, and Shifty
himself is interviewed in several of them.       

I met Shifty in the Philadelphia airport several years ago. I didn't
know who he was at the time. I just saw an elderly gentleman having
trouble reading his ticket. I offered to help, assured him that he was
at the right gate, and noticed the "Screaming Eagle", the symbol of the
101st Airborne, on his hat.

Making conversation, I asked him if he'd been in the 101st Airborne or
if his son was serving. He said quietly that he had been in the 101st. I
thanked him for his service, then asked him when he served, and how many
jumps he made.

Quietly and humbly, he said "Well, I guess I signed up in 1941 or so,
and was in until sometime in 1945 . . . " at which point my heart
skipped.

At that point, again, very humbly, he said "I made the 5 training jumps
at Toccoa, and then jumped into Normandy . . . . do you know where
Normandy is?" At this point my heart stopped.

I told him yes, I know exactly where Normandy was, and I know what D-Day
was. At that point he said "I also made a second jump into Holland ,
into Arnhem ." I was standing with a genuine war hero . . . . and then I
realized that it was June, just after the anniversary of D-Day.

I asked Shifty if he was on his way back from France , and he said "Yes.
And it's real sad because these days so few of the guys are left, and
those that are, lots of them can't make the trip." My heart was in my
throat and I didn't know what to say.

I helped Shifty get onto the plane and then realized he was back in
Coach, while I was in First Class. I sent the flight attendant back to
get him and said that I wanted to switch seats. When Shifty came
forward, I got up out of the seat and told him I wanted him to have it,
that I'd take his in coach..

He said "No, son, you enjoy that seat. Just knowing that there are still
some who remember what we did and still care is enough to make an old
man very happy." His eyes were filling up as he said it. And mine are
brimming up now as I write this.

Shifty died on June 17 after fighting cancer.

There was no parade. No big event in Staples Center . No wall to wall
back to back 24x7 news coverage. No weeping fans on television.

And that's not right.

Let's give Shifty his own Memorial Service, online, in our own quiet
way. Please forward this email to everyone you know. Especially to the
veterans.

Rest in peace, Shifty.

Darrell "Shifty" Powers, one of the soldiers depicted in “Band of
Brothers” passed away on Wednesday, June 17, 2009.

---------------------

Coming again in November 2009 – The annual Veterans Prayer Ceremony on
the Mall sponsored by veterans groups “Walk With The Warrior Inc.”
and
“Gathering of the Warriors”. This annual event that started over 5
years ago started with one teepee and grew to 3 teepees by 2005. This
year they expect to erect 4 to accommodate the growth in participation.
The group is asking the local Indian community to support the activity
with donations of firewood and food. They need coffee and pastries for
the Sunday morning breakfast, soup, bread, meat and other side dishes
for the Sunday lunch. Donations of 4 turkeys, one for each teepee are
also being requested. Specific dates TBA. Anyone with questions or
wishing to volunteer or donate can contact Pete Yazzie at shashyazhimail
@ aol.com or
301-639-7139.

-------------------



August 29-30 - Whispering Winds Traditional Powwow. Location: County
Fairgrounds at Fair Hill, Rt.273 - Elkton, Maryland. Notes: Traditional
dancing-open to all dancers, proper regalia required. Info: Barry
Richardson 252-257-5383, email: powwow @ vance.net.


Sep 19-20 – Nottoway Indian Tribe of Virginia, Inc. (People of the
Longhouse) Powwow, Surry Parks & Recreation Center, 205 Enos Farm Drive,
Hwy 10 at Hwy 31, Surry, VA 23883. Contact 757-654-9301 or 757-686-8602
or email NottowayofVA @ aol.com


Sep 12-13 - Nanticoke Indian Association's Annual Powwow sponsored by:
Nanticoke Indian Association, Inc. and will be held at: The Nanticoke
Indian Powwow Grounds. PLEASE COME OUT AND VOLUNTEER AT THE AIS
FUNDRAISING TACO BOOTH. Directions: The Nanticoke Indian Powwow site is
located approx. 8 miles east of Millsboro, Delaware, on DE Rt 24 (John
J. Williams Hwy) east of DE Rt 113. From DE Rt 1, take DE Rt 24
West,(John J. Williams Hwy) approximately 12 miles to Powwow site.
Signs will be posted along route 24, both east & west. Contact:
nanticok @ verizon.net


Sep 26-27 – Chickahominy Pow Wow, Chickahominy Tribal Grounds,
Providence Forge, VA www.chickahominytribe.org


Oct 2-4 - Appalachian Cherokee Nation 25th Annual PowWow. Location:
Claude Moore Park, 21544 Old Vestals Gap Rd - Sterling, Virginia.
Notes: Traditional powwow. Honoring our Veterans. Admission $5.00 per
person. Free to children under 12 with a can food donation for the ACN
Food Bank. Day money for the first 20 dancers that register before 11am
Oct 2-3 only. Tiny Tots (6 & under) in real regalia special gift.
Contact: Angel Couch 540-645-1143, email: sergsmom @ yahoo.com.


Oct 3-4 – Boonsboro, MD Pow wow. Contact: Barry Richardson
252-257-5383
or 252-532-0821,


Oct 17-18 - 16th Annual Accohannock Fall Festival & Powwow. Location:
28325 Farm Market Road - Marion Station, Maryland. Notes: Traditional,
non-competition event. Boy/Girl Scouts in uniform plus children 5 &
under free admission. Admission for others is $4.00, seniors $3.00,
donation. Demonstrations of tool making, weapons, and survival skills.
Vendors and dancers. Famous Accohannock oyster and clam sandwiches along
with Indian Tacos, buffalo burgers & other foods. Camping for
vendors/dancers. Please no alcohol, no pets, no drugs. Contact:
410-623-2660, email: accohannock @ dmv.com.


Oct 17-18 – Manassas American Indian Powwow, Contact: Barry Richardson
252-257-5383 or 252-532-0821,


Nov 7 – SAVE THE DATE - American Indian Heritage Festival, Rockville,
MD


Nov 7-8 – Fredericksburg Powwow. Contact: Barry Richardson
252-257-5383
or 252-532-0821,


Nov 9 (Monday) – SAVE THE DATE: Veteran’s Powwow, George Mason
University, Fairfax, VA


Nov 13-15 – Great American Indian Exposition and Powwow, Richmond, VA.

Contact: Barry Richardson 252-257-5383 or 252-532-0821, email:
powwow @ vance.net, website: http://www.myspace.com/powwow4life.


Nov 26 – AIS Thanksgiving Potluck Dinner

-----------------------

The Nightwolf Indian Relief Project
Tuesday, July 21, 2009 4:34 AM
From:
"American Indian Society of Washington DC" 
Add sender to Contacts

The Rez – Stephanie Duckworth Elliot

The REZ can be described in two ways; very hot or very cold. The two
extremes of life collide on the REZ, with no in between. The dryness of
the hot air could choke the average person if they took a breath that
was too deep. The ground was so dry that it sucked all the natural
juice from any living thing that dared to grow. In the coldest of
colds, the earth was cracked with imprints left on it by the wind and
its messages.   

But within this desert like earth lived a feeling of broken hearts and a
longing to come alive again. This place is only known to some, but to
those some it is the place that is not just covered by snow, dust, sand
and bramble bush, but covered in tears, blood and sorrow. This place is
the home of 10,000 years worth of struggle, laughter, love and living.
This place is where most don’t use the term home, but use the term
settlement or reservation, to describe where their exact location is.
This hallowed ground is the ground that the Oglala Lakota (Sioux) Nation
Native American Tribe exists on, not live on, but exist on. It is a
place called the Pine Ridge Reservation, located in South Dakota.

Hidden away, dotted throughout the landscape of America, are the
Reservations of the Indigenous People of our land. Mostly unknown or
forgotten by the mainstream culture of the dominant U.S. society, the
average person knows little or nothing about these people other than
what they see in movies and television or else in their nearest
Reservation casino. Most assume that whatever poverty exists on a
reservation is most certainly comparable to that which they might
experience themselves. T his is not the reality for the people who live
on the Pine Ridge Reservation.

The Pine Ridge Reservation is the second largest reservation in the
United States and the most impoverished of any people in the country.
Pine Ridge is home to the Oglala Lakota who are members of a major Sioux
division known as the Western or Teton Sioux. The Pine Ridge Reservation
is situated in southwestern South Dakota on the Nebraska state line,
about 50 miles east of the Wyoming border. The area includes over 11,000
square miles contained in seven counties.

The Great Sioux Nation is also called The Lakota/Dakota/Nakota Nation.
The people of the Sioux Nation refer to themselves as Lakota or Dakota
which means friend or ally?

Help Me Help My People - Jay Winter Nightwolf

Equally as impoverished on other reservations such as Standing Rock
located in North and South Dakota, The Three Affiliate Tribes (Mandan,
Hidatsa and Arikara) of North Dakota, The Arapahoe Tribe of Oklahoma and
the San Carlos Apache Tribe of Arizona there are many people living in
less than 3rd world conditions as well.

Four years ago I received an email from a little Indian girl that lives
on the Pine Ridge Reservation asking for a new toothbrush and some good
tasting toothpaste for Christmas.   I know that many of you that are
reading this email find it hard to believe that in the 21st century
people are still being forced to live under these deplorable conditions.
However those of you that grew up on an Indian reservation or in an
Indian community understand the dynamics of existing on land that is not
suitable for human habitation.

As the Project Director and Chief of American Indian Affairs for
Brothers Who Care, a local Maryland non-profit organization focused on
preserving Native American Indian culture. I am respectfully asking
your organization to consider supporting our efforts to raise funds
(seed money) to put on the first Hawk of Winter POW WOW, a fundraising
event. This event will be a major POW WOW providing funds for fuel,
clothing and provisions for Tribes and communities in North Dakota,
South Dakota, Oklahoma and now the inclusion of a tribe in Arizona.

Jay Winter Night wolf is the originator and host of a national American
Indian radio program that has aired for over eight years and reaches
more than 1.9 million listeners in the mid-Atlantic region alone on WPFW
89.3 FM – Pacifica Radio out of Washington, D. C. Jay is also the
2009 recipient of the Maryland Governor’s Volunteer Service Award.

There are Native people on these reservations who cannot afford to eat a
descent hot meal but maybe twice a week. Some do not have enough money
to purchase propane to stay warm during the winter months for their
families. The winters are brutal, and the temperature can drop to 85
below zero with the wind chill factor in North and South Dakota.
Medical supplies, such as baby aspirin, Tylenol are greatly needed.
There is a constant need for pampers, infant formula and baby food.
Vitamins are almost unheard of on reservations. These hardships impact
adults, children, and elders alike.

This year we are pleased to host an Inter-Tribal POW WOW on October 24th
and 25th in Mount Airy, Maryland, as a way of raising awareness and
encouraging others to help, whether it be by donating funds or items
such as warm clothing, household items, new/almost new furniture and
appliances. Items collected at the powwow and throughout this effort
will be moved to a central storage facility in Washington, D. C. and
then transported to the Tribes and communities out West.

We would greatly appreciate your support in the form of a tax deductible
modest amount of money to help purchase items and cover transportation
costs. I’m asking that any of you that read this email to please make
a tax deductible of donation of $25.00 or more or whatever you can
afford to feed, clothed and continue the ongoing healing of a much
deserving people.

To complete this much needed mission of providing relief for these much
deserving tribal people this winter we have an overall goal of $200,000
by October 15st, 2009. All donations cash, product and services are tax
deductible as allowed by law. Please make your check payable to
Brothers Who Care with and mail it to:

Brothers Who Care

The Nightwolf Indian Relief Project

131 W. North Avenue - Hagerstown, Maryland 21740

--------------------

National Museum of the American Indian Announces Winning
Native High School Student in the Emerging Artist Program
The Smithsonian’s National Museum of the American Indian will host the
first high school participant of the Emerging Artist Program, July
20–25, in Washington, D.C. and Suitland, Md. In collaboration with the
U.S. Department of Education, Office of Indian Education’s fifth
annual Student Artist Competition, Macklin Becenti (Navajo) from Houck,
Ariz., placed first in the grade 11—12 category and was selected to
participate as the museum’s Emerging Artist Program High School
Student.

The Emerging Artist Program seeks to enhance and encourage the
artistic growth of indigenous artists in high school. Becenti will be
provided with training opportunities to research the museum’s
collections in Suitland, Md. He will also participate in one-on-one
coaching sessions, self-assessment exercises, receive assistance with
the artist grant application process and get information about student
art camps, art college programs and art scholarships. Becenti will also
meet with museum staff and return to Arizona to create new artwork based
upon his research and experiences at the National Museum of the American
Indian.

“This is the first year that a high school student was selected for
the Emerging Artist Program because we saw an opportunity to target a
new audience and an additional way to include more community art
projects and education opportunities for Native artists to become
involved with the museum,” said museum director, Kevin Gover
(Pawnee/Comanche). “Young Native artistic talent is immense as
shown by the participation of more than 600 applications from 30
states.”

The museum will award the winner an opportunity to enter in the Office
of Indian Education’s National Art Contest. The selected High School
Student Artist and one parent or guardian will receive support for
travel to Washington, D.C., hotel, per diem and a $250 honorarium.

Financial support for the Emerging Artist Program is provided by The
Ford Foundation and The Margaret A. Cargill Foundation. More information
about the new Artist Leadership and Emerging Artist Leadership programs
are on the museum’s Web site at
www.AmericanIndian.si.edu/icap/leadership.html.

===================
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===================

News articles:
------------------------

Feds: Artifact looting case likely to grow
http://www.durangoherald.com/sections/News/2009/08/06/Feds_Artifact_looting_case_likely_to_grow/


Mine deal a detriment to future generations
http://www.azcentral.com/arizonarepublic/opinions/articles/2009/08/03/20090803nosie04.html


American Indian art and culture converge annually in Santa Fe
http://www.star-telegram.com/living/story/1524805.html

iTunes Store offers Cherokee language revitalization application
http://www.cherokeephoenix.org/3927/Article.aspx

A look at some ancient Coloradans
http://www.summitdaily.com/article/20090730/NEWS/907299976/-1/rss08

Sacred ground
http://www.sltrib.com/ci_12924534

California's Channel Islands Hold Evidence Of Clovis-age Comets
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/07/090720190719.htm

Backers target Museum of Man accreditation
http://www3.signonsandiego.com/stories/2009/jul/23/backers-target-museum-man-accreditation/?metro


Ancient Humans Left Evidence From The Party That Ended 4,000 Years Ago
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/07/090721135602.htm

Cherokee National Holiday needs overhaul
http://www.cherokeephoenix.org/3918/Article.aspx

Toward a Grander Casa Grande
http://blogs.nationaltrust.org/preservationnation/?p=5397

Did Anasazi vanish, or are they still here?
http://durangoherald.com/sections/Opinion/Columnists/My_Turn/2009/07/19/Did_Anasazi_vanish_or_are_they_still_here/


Recreational use of sacred sites damaging to spirituality
http://www.indiancountrytoday.com/home/content/51025287.html

'Anasazi sickness': Relic raiders do more than mess with history
http://www.sltrib.com/news/ci_12861752?source=rss

15 Hohokam dwellings found at road project
http://www.gvnews.com/articles/2009/07/21/breaking_news/01archdig722.txt

The Tohono O'odham Nation's cultural center shows off the tribe's
history—and its mystical land
http://www.tucsonweekly.com/tucson/topawasells/Content?oid=1242323

Ancient Maya Practiced Forest Conservation 3,000 Years Ago
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/07/090722150825.htm

Intact archaeological site offers some timely lessons
http://durangoherald.com/sections/Features/Outdoors/2009/07/10/Intact_archaeological_site_offers_some_timely_lessons/


Montezuma Castle: A home in a cliff
http://www.azcentral.com/travel/parks/articles/2009/07/13/20090713montezuma0712.html


Chimney Rock dig a sherd success
http://www.pagosasun.com/archives/2009/07july/070209/feature.html

County hopes to buy, save Hohokam site
http://www.azstarnet.com/metro/299626


===================
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Humor, etc.....
-----------------------


From my mother:


A cowboy named Bud was overseeing his herd in a remote mountainous
pasture in   California when suddenly a brand-new BMW advanced toward
him out of a cloud of dust.   The driver, a young man in a Brioni suit,
Gucci shoes, RayBan sunglasses and YSL tie, leaned out the window and
asked the cowboy, "If I tell you exactly how many cows and calves you
have in your herd, Will you give me a calf?"

Bud looks at the man, obviously a yuppie, then looks at his peacefully
grazing herd and calmly answers, "Sure, Why not?"

The yuppie parks his car, whips out his Dell notebook computer, connects
it to his Cingular RAZR V3 cell phone, and surfs to a NASA page on the
Internet, where he calls up a GPS satellite to get an exact fix on his
location which he then feeds to another NASA satellite that scans the
area in an ultra-high-resolution photo.

The young man then opens the digital photo in Adobe Photoshop and
exports it to an image processing facility in Hamburg , Germany ..
          
Within seconds, he receives an email on his Palm Pilot that the image
has been processed and the data stored. He then accesses an MS-SQL
database through an ODBC connected Excel spreadsheet with email on his
Blackberry and, after a few minutes, receives a response.
       
Finally, he prints out a full-color, 150-page report on his hi-tech,
miniaturized HP LaserJet printer, turns to the cowboy and says, "You
have exactly 1,586 cows and calves."
          
"That's right. Well, I guess you can take one of my calves," says Bud.
          
He watches the young man select one of the animals and looks on with
amusement as the young man stuffs it into the trunk of his car.
          
Then Bud says to the young man, "Hey, if I can tell you exactly what
your business is, will you give me back my calf?"
         
The young man thinks about it for a second and then says, "Okay, why
not?"
        
"You're a Congressman for the U.S. Government", says Bud.
           
"Wow! That's correct," says the yuppie, "but how did you guess that?"
       
"No guessing required." answered the cowboy. "You showed up here even
though nobody called you; you want to get paid for an answer I already
knew, to a question I never asked. You used millions of dollars worth of
equipment trying to show me how much smarter than me you are; and you
don't know a thing about how working people make a living - or about
cows, for that matter.

This is a herd of sheep. ....

Now give me back my dog.

-------------------

From my son's girlfriend Christi:

If you yelled for 8 years, 7 months and 6 days you would have produced
enough sound energy to heat one cup of coffee.
(Hardly seems worth it..)

If you passed gas consistently for 6 years and 9 month s, enough gas is
produced to create the energy of an atomic bomb.
(Now that's more like it!)

The human heart creates enough pressure when it pumps out to the
body to squirt blood 30 feet.
(O.M.G..!)

A cockroach will live nine days without its head before it starves to
death. (Creepy.)

Banging your head against a wall uses 150 calories a hour
(Don't try this at home, maybe at work)

The male praying mantis cannot copulate while its head is attached
to its body. The female initiates sex by ripping the male's head off.
(Honey, I'm home. What the...?!)

The flea can jump 350 times its body length. It's like a human jumping
the length of a football field.

The catfish has over 27,000 taste buds. (What could be so tasty on
the bottom of a pond?)

Some lions mate over 50 times a day.

Butterflies taste with their feet.
(Something I always wanted to know.)

Right-handed people live, on average, nine years longer than left-
handed people.
(If you're ambidextrous, do you split the difference?)

Elephants are the only animals that cannot jump.
(Okay, so that would be a good thing)

A cat's urine glows under a black light.
(I wonder who was paid to figure that out?)

An ostrich's eye is bigger than its brain.
( I know some people like that)

Starfish have no brains
(I know some people like that too.)

Polar bears are left-handed.
(If they switch, they'll live a lot longer)

---------------------

More from Christi (she was a Dallas Cowboys Cheerleader):

Gabriel went to the Lord and said, "I have to talk to you. We have some
Texans up here who are causing some real problems ....

They're swinging on the Pearly Gates, my horn is missing, and they are
wearing T-shirts instead of their robes; there's barbecue sauce and
picante sauce all over everything, especially their T-shirts; their dogs
are riding in the chariots and chasing the sheep.

They are wearing baseball caps and cowboy hats instead of their halos.
They refuse to keep the stairway to Heaven clean, and their boots are
marking and scuffing up the halls of Wisdom. There are watermelon seeds
and tortilla chip crumbs all over the place. Some of them are walking
around with just one wing; and they insist on bringing their darn horses
with them."

The Lord said, "Texans are Texans, Gabriel. Heaven is home to all of my
children. If you want to know about real problems, call the Devil."

So Gabriel calls the Devil who answers the phone and says, "Hello --
hold on a minute."

When he returns to the phone the Devil says, "O.K., I'm back. What can I
do for you?"

Gabriel replied, "I just want to know what kinds of problems you are
having down there with the Texans."

The Devil said, "Hold on again. I need to check on something."

After about 5 minutes the Devil returned to the phone and said. "I'm
back. Now what was the question?"

Gabriel said, "What kind of problems are you having down there with the
Texans?"

The Devil said, "Man, I don't believe this ... hold on."

This time the Devil was gone 15 minutes and when he returns he says,
"I'm sorry Gabriel, I can't talk right now. Red Adair has put out the
fire and Brown and Root is installing air conditioning."

Always remember ... TEXANS SURVIVE ... despite the odds against us!!

-----------------

From my son Ron:

Investment tips for 2009

With all the turmoil in the market and the collapse
of Lehman Bros and Acquisition of Merrill Lynch by Bank of
America this might be some good advice. For all of you with
any money left, be aware of the next expected mergers so
that you can get in on the ground floor and make some BIG bucks.

Watch for these consolidations in later this year:

1. Hale Business Systems, Mary Kay Cosmetics, Fuller
Brush, and W R. Grace Co.
Will merge and become: Hale, Mary, Fuller, Grace.

2. Polygram Records, Warner Bros., and Zesta Crackers join
forces and be come: Poly, Warner Cracker.

3. 3M will merge with Goodyear and become: MMMGood.

4. Zippo Manufacturing, Audi Motors, Dofasco, and Dakota
Mining will merge and become: ZipAudiDoDa .

5. FedEx is expected to join its competitor, UPS, and become: FedUP.

6. Fairchild Electronics and Honeywell Computers will become: Fairwell
Honeychild.

7. Grey Poupon and Docker Pants are expected to become: PouponPants.

8. Knotts Berry Farm and the National Organization of Women will become:
Knott NOW!


===================
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===================

Random historical events for August

August 1: 1813: Today, Fort Stephenson, at modern Fremont, Ohio, will be
attacked by British Major Henry A.Proctor, and 1200 British and Indians.
The fort is defended by Major George Croghan, and 120 men. The Americans
will fire only when the British and Indians are at close range. During
the two day battle, the Americans will have only one man killed. The
British and Indians will sustain more than 1200 casualties.

http://www.archive.org/stream/rdanniversaryba00keelgoog/rdanniversaryba00keelgoog_djvu.txt

===================


August 2: 1792: MOHEGAN Samson Occom dies today in New Stockbridge, New
York. A protege of Rev.Eleazar Wheelock, Occom will learn numerous
foreign languages, become an ordained minister, be the first Indian to
preach in England, minister to many Indian tribes, and be instrumental
in the establishment of Dartmouth College in New Hampshire.

http://www.absoluteastronomy.com/topics/Samson_Occom
===================


August 3: 1889: General Crook, and the other treaty commissioners, were
having no luck in convincing the large groups of SIOUX and the Standing
Rock Agency to agree to move to smaller reservations, and to sell their
"excess" lands for $1.50 an acre. Sitting Bull continued to "disrupt"
the meetings with his angry denunciation of any attempts to sell Indian
lands. Crook decided he would make more progress by talking to the
tribal leaders individually. On this date, without informing Sitting
Bull, Crook held a final meeting. Local agent James McLaughlin had his
tribal police surround the meeting site to prevent any of the
rabble-rousers from attending. Eventually, Sitting Bull worked his way
past the police, and addressed the meeting. Sitting Bull was incensed
because he had not been informed of the meeting. McLaughlin told the
meeting that everyone knew of the meeting. At that time, Chief John
Grass, and many of the other Chiefs came forward to sign the treaty, and
to break up the large reservation. Sitting Bull vented his frustration
at the other Chiefs, but he was out voted.

http://www.archive.org/stream/lifeofsittingbul00johnuoft/lifeofsittingbul00johnuoft_djvu.txt

===================


August 4: 1862: In July, the money promised to the SANTEE SIOUX in
Minnesota was scheduled to arrive. When Little Crow, and the other
SIOUX, reported to their reservation's upper agency on the Yellow
Medicine River, they were told the money had not arrived. The winter had
been bad, and the summer crops were poor. Little Crow asked Agent Thomas
Galbraith to open up the local warehouse, which was full of food.
Galbraith said there would be no food if there was no money. On this
date, Little Crow, and 500 SIOUX warriors surround the badly outnumber
soldiers guarding the warehouse. The SANTEE break in and start unloading
supplies. The commanding officer of the garrison, Timothy Sheehan,
understands the frustration of the hungry Indians, and he convinces
Galbraith to officially issue the food to the SANTEE. Little Crow also
gets a promise that the lower agency will also issue supplies. The
SANTEE then leave peacefully.

http://anglicanhistory.org/usa/whipple/hinman1869.html
===================


August 5: 1881: The Crow Dog murder case goes to the Supreme Court.

http://books.google.com/books?id=EHe_Ez7JXY4C&pg=PA132&lpg=PA132&dq=Crow+Dog+murder+case+goes+to+the+Supreme+Court&source=bl&ots=eRxltnGpVh&sig=uZn2DRHFGfX9z8TD60L7lW_6woI&hl=en&ei=YImESrL5BoH2sQPO3qSWBw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1#v=onepage&q=&f=false

===================


August 6: 1846: The old settlers and the new emigrants factions of the
CHEROKEE have been arguing over who has legal control of the CHEROKEE
Nation since the late 1830s. It has even been proposed that the nation
split into two tribes. Today, the different sides will sign a treaty in
Washington,D.C. The treaty will confirm that there will only be one
CHEROKEE Nation.

See Treaty Of The Month above:
===================


August 7: 1869: A solar eclipse is draw on Lone Dog's chronicle of the
years.

http://books.google.com/books?id=hypplIDMd0IC&pg=PA36&lpg=PA36&dq=solar+eclipse+%22lone+dog%22&source=bl&ots=VWlAki4Vhg&sig=AdbA7Twq85P7vpzgbU40SQDbfIk&hl=en&ei=UIqESrnMHIPUsQOBl5CTBw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1#v=onepage&q=solar%20eclipse%20%22lone%20dog%22&f=false

===================


August 8: 1699: The TOHOME Indians live along the gulf coast in Alabama
and Mississippi. Tiday, in Biloxi, they will formally establish peaceful
relations with the French.

http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/muskhogean/tohomeindianhist.htm

===================


August 9: 1911: Ishi ("the last of his tribe") comes into Oroville,
California.

http://history.library.ucsf.edu/ishi.html

===================


August 10: 1815: The half brother of Cornplanter, Skaniadariio (Handsome
Lake) was born near Ganawagus, New York sometime around 1735. He fought
in many battles during the French and Indian Wars, and during the
American Revolution. Later he would battle alcoholism. One day a vision
led him to give up drinking and to promote traditional Indian ways among
his people. He became a Chief among the SENECA based on his wise
council. He once spoke before President Jefferson on behalf of his
people. His teachings have been handed down among the IROQUOIS. He died
today in Onondaga.

http://www.bookrags.com/biography/handsome-lake/
===================


August 11: 1988: The ALEUT receive restitution for loses in WWII today.

http://www.usatoday.com/news/nation/2005-12-04-aleut_x.htm
===================


August 12: 1878: The PAIUTE Chief Oytes, and his followers, will
surrender today. This will effectively end the PAIUTEs' participation in
the BANNOCK war.

http://www.spirittalknews.com/BannockWar.htm
===================


August 13: 1587: Manteo, a CROTAN Indian has converted to the Church of
England. Today, he is baptized by Sir Walter Raleigh. In respect for his
help with Raleigh's colonists, Raleigh gives him the title of "Lord of
Roanoke and of Dasamonquepeuk."

http://www.cbn.com/spirituallife/churchandministry/GodsPlantation-Ch2.aspx

===================


August 14: 1559: Tristan de Luna y Arellano has been appointed to
establish Spanish settlements on Pensacola Bay by the Spanish Viceroy in
Mexico. Today, his expedition of 13 ships, several priests, 500
soldiers, and 1000 settlers will arrive in Pensacola Bay, in Florida.
Much of the expedition will be killed or starve because of a hurricane
which struck the area a few days later.

http://www.de-luna.com/pal.html
===================


August 15: 1642: In instructions to the Pennsylvania Governor John
Printz, of New Sweden, the Queen of Sweden wished for "the wild nations"
to be treated kindly, and in a humane manner. She also stated that the
Indians were the "rightful lords" of this land, and must be treated
accordingly.

http://files.usgwarchives.net/pa/1pa/church/hotchkin/e-clergy-1.txt
===================


August 16: 1812: SHAWNEE Chief Tecumseh has been commissioned as a
Brigadier General by the British. With his Indians forces, he will be
instrumental in the surrender of American force at Fort Detroit, today.

http://www.windsorpubliclibrary.com/digi/war1812/surrender.htm
===================


August 17: 1876: President Grant, by Executive Order today, corrects a
survey mistake, and returns Uncompahgre Park, and some prime farm land,
to the UTE Reservation.

http://www.mainlesson.com/display.php?author=drake&book=indians&story=ute

===================


August 18: 1863: As a part of the Canyon de Chelly Campaign, Kit Carson,
and General James Charlatan, were trying to starve the NAVAJOs into
submission. Today, General Charlatan will put a bounty on NAVAJO
livestock. Every good horse or mule would bring twenty dollars, quite a
sum for those days. Each sheep would earn one dollar.

http://www.realityuncovered.net/reality/articles/witchery_way.php
===================


August 19: 1854: a MINICONJOU SIOUX, named High Forehead, kills a sickly
cow near Fort Laramie, in southeastern Wyoming. The cow's owner
complains to the fort's commander. A brash Brevet Second Lieutenant John
L.Grattan, and 30 volunteers leave the fort today to find the SIOUX
involved. Grattan goes to Conquering Bear's BRULE SIOUX camp near Ash
Hollow, and demands the Indian who shot the cow. Grattan makes numerous
threats at the SIOUX, but they won't hand over High Forehead. During the
parlay, a shot rings out, and Grattan's artillery gunners open fire on
the camp. Conquering Bear tries to get both sides to stop shooting, but
he is hit by an artillery round. Eventually, all but one of Grattan's
men will be killed in the fighting.

http://www.economicexpert.com/a/Grattan:Massacre.htm

See a photo of the area here:
http://www.americanindian.net/2003p.html
===================


August 20: 1851: One in a series of treaties with California Indians is
signed today at Lipayuma. This treaty says it will set aside lands for
the Indians and protect them from Americans.

http://www.kstrom.net/isk/maps/ca/caltreaties.html
===================


August 21: 1871: Treaty Number Two (Manitoba Post Treaty), is concluded
between the Canadian Government, and the CHIPPEWA. They sell 35,700
square miles of land, in exchange for certain reservation lands, an
annuity, schools and other items.

http://www.solon.org/Aboriginal/Canada/Treaty-2.html
===================


August 22: 1862: Today, 800 SANTEE SIOUX will attack Fort Ridgely, in
south-central Minnesota. The fort is defended by approximately 150
soldiers, and two dozen volunteers. The SIOUX will sneak up to the fort,
and try to set fire to it. When the SIOUX attacked, the Army responded
with an artillery barrage. Little Crow will be wounded in the fighting,
and Mankato will take over. The artillery will make the difference in
the fighting, and the SIOUX will retreat.

http://www.santeedakota.org/points_of_interest.htm
===================


August 23: 1724: British forces under Capt. Moulton stage a supprise
attack on an ABENAKI village at Norridgewock. 27 people, including a
resident French priest Father Rasles, would be scalped by the English.
The village would be burned. This would be a big blow to the spirit of
the local Indians.

http://www.archive.org/stream/historyofnorridg00alle/historyofnorridg00alle_djvu.txt

===================


August 24: 1869: For his actions on July 8, 1869, Mad Bear will receive
the Congressional Medal of Honor today.

http://www.homeofheroes.com/moh/citations_1865_ind/coruxtechodish.html
===================


August 25: 1737: A agreement will be signed today by Thomas Penn and
MUNSEE Chiefs Manawkyhickon and Nutimus. The agreement will call for
Indian lands to be sold along the Delaware river for the distance that a
man could walk in a day and a half. This would be called the "Walking
Purchase" and would be performed on September 19, 1737.

http://www.bse.state.pa.us/portal/server.pt/gateway/PTARGS_0_2_60217_8643_526764_43/http%3B/pubcontent.state.pa.us/publishedcontent/publish/cop_environment/phmc/communities/extranet/history/rdocsheritage/walkingpurchaseucontetn/walkingpurchaseprint.htm

===================


August 26: 1858: In what would be called "The Battle of Four Lakes,"
force under Colonel George Wright fight for about three hours with COEUR
d'ALENE, COLUMBIA RIVER, COLVILLE, KALISPEL, and SPOKANE Indians. The
Army will defeat the Indians.

http://www.spokaneoutdoors.com/spokplnsbattle.htm

See a photo of the area:
http://americanindian.net/2003.html
===================


August 27: 1832: Black Hawk surrenders.

http://www.mtholyoke.edu/acad/intrel/black.htm
===================


August 28: 1676: The last Indian surrenders in the King Philip's War.

http://www.colonialwarsct.org/1675.htm
===================


August 29: 1758: The First State Indian reservation, in New Jersey, is
established today.

http://www.usgennet.org/usa/nj/state/Lenape.htm
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August 30: 1690: A combined force of British, YAMASSEE and YUCHI Indians
attack the Spanish mission of San Juan de Guacara in northern Florida,
today. Many TIMUCUA indians in the area have been converted to
Christianity or are loyal to the Franciscan monks. All of the TIMUCUA
Indians at the mission will be killed in the fighting.

http://books.google.com/books?id=yFKJTymP4vsC&pg=PA321&lpg=PA321&dq=attack+the+Spanish+mission+of+San+Juan+de+Guacara&source=bl&ots=4SHP7vRc14&sig=NsOgI7CS2S1byJOqPqlK1iENBAg&hl=en&ei=3o-ESqqxB4qKsgOJ-qGcBw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1#v=onepage&q=&f=false

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August 31: 1905: Today, Ely Samuel Parker (Donehogawa) dies in New York
City. During his lifetime he will be a SENECA Chief, an engineer, a
lawyer, the New York City Building Superintendent, a Brigadier General
in the Civil War where he will write the surrender papers signed at
Appomattox, and the first Indian Commissioner of Indian Affairs. Born in
1828, he will be buried in Buffalo, New York.

https://salempress.com/Store/samples/american_indian_biographies/american_indian_biographies_ely_samuel_parker.htm


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X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X
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That's it for this newsletter.

Stay safe,

Phil Konstantin
http://americanindian.net


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Phil Konstantin's August 2009 Newsletter #2
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Greetings,

Oops, I forgot to add the link for the petroglyphs......

I also visited some petroglyphs just west of the city of St. George,
Utah. They are in the Santa Clara River Preserve. They are a short hike
off of one of the areas main roads. These petroglyphs are unique in that
many of them are on large rocks are ground level. You could literally
walk on them if you do not watch where you are looking. You can see my
photos of the area here:

http://americanindian.net/utah2009/petro/index.html


Phil


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Phil Konstantin's August 2009 Newsletter #3
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Greetings,

I finished processing and organizing the photos of the trip
I took earlier this month. The main page is locate here:

http://americanindian.net/utah2009/index.html

I visited Buckskin Gulch, Zion, Coral Pink Sand Dunes,
St. George Petroglyphs, Lehman Caves, Mt. Meadows Massacre,
Cathedral Gorge, and more...

I traveled through all of these areas with my friend
Haylee Nez, and her two children Shandiin and Tristan.
Haylee has lived in, or around, this area all her life.
So, she knows lots of people, great little places to see,
and things to do. Shandiin, 10, is a budding artist,
and Tristan has enough energy to encourage anyone. He
is a great natural climber. It was fun looking at some
of these places through their eyes.

We started by going through the Kolob section of Zion
National Park. While it is just off of Interstate-15,
most visitors to Zion miss this part of the park. The
next day we visited the main part of Zion. Haylee
really wanted to explore some slot canyons (very narrow
& very high), as did I. She knew the Virgin River got
narrow, so she wanted to give it a go. To get to the
really narrow sections of the canyon, you have to
occasionally wade through waist deep water. Well, the
river is cold. Wading through cold water up to your
waist (with small kids) was more than we could handle
at the time, so we just went a short distance upstream.
We tried to access another slot canyon on the east
side of the park, but a special permit was required,
and wasn't available.

So, still seeking some slot canyons, we considered
visiting Antelope Canyon on the Navajo reservation.
Haylee's kids are Navajo. Haylee knew about the area
from when she lived on the reservation. The local
requirement to hire guides and get reservations made
us look elsewhere. I found out about the slot canyons
along the Paria River, north of the Grand Canyon.
Buckskin Gulch is reported to have the longest slot
canyons in the world (12 miles long). We headed there
and were not disappointed. A check with the local BLM
office in Kanab told us the best place to start: Wire
Pass Trailhead. This is also the start of the trail to
"The Wave." As a landscape photographer, I had heard
about The Wave before. It is an amazing sandstone
formation. To help preserve the delicate rocks, the
BLM only allows 20 people a day to hike in that area.
Permits are VERY hard to get. So, we did not try for
the Wave and set out for the slot canyons. We found
several places where logs had gotten stuck between the
narrow canyons walls. It is a great reminder that there
have to be 40 foot (or higher) flash floods for a log
to get stuck 40 foot up the canyon walls. I have photos
of some of these in the pages below. It was an amazing
place.

Coral Pink Sand Dunes state park is a place I had also
wanted to visit for many years. I have seen some pictures.
I had also seen it as I flew from Phoenix to Salt Lake
City on a couple of trips. It was in the area, so we
went by. We were surprised by the temperature of the
sand. It was warm outside. The top of the sand was warm.
However, just an inch below the surface, the sand was
cool. I have never experienced anything like this in
desert sands. The colors were interesting.

Haylee has family in St. George. She had once visited
some unique petroglyphs as a child there. They are
located in the Santa Clara River Reserve, between St.
George and the Shivwits Reservation, (near Ivins, Utah)
on State Route 18. They are unique in that many of the
drawing on done on flat, ground-level rocks. You can
walk on them, if you are not careful. I liked how the
kids were very careful to avoid stepping on all of
these ancient markings. They are also called Anazasi
Ridge and the Tempi'po'op Trail.

While we were traveling from St. George to our next
destination (Lehman Caves), we happened across the
scene of the infamous Mountain Meadows Massacre. I
knew it was somewhere in southwestern Utah, but I did
not realize it was on our path. I have read quite a
few things about this incident. There is LOTS of
information about it on the internet, if you want to
learn more.

Another serendipitous find was Cathedral Gorge in
eastern Nevada. I saw the tops of the rocks from US 93
north of Panaca, Nevada. Haylee suggested we check it
out when we saw the road to Miller's Point. I'm glad
she did. It is a fascinating place, which features
some unusual erosion patters. Like Buckskin Gorge, it
has some very narrow and high passageways between the
rocks. Unlike Buckskin, the material here can crumble
under you hand. We went back from Miller's Point to
the park's main entrance in order to see the rest of
the area from the ground level. I recommend checking
it out if you are ever in the area.

Our next stop was Lehman Caves in Great Basin National
Park. Haylee had been here many years ago. I have
enjoyed spelunking in Texas, Arizona, Utah, California,
New Mexico and 'old' Mexico. Lehman Caves is an
interesting place. It is part of Wheeler Peak (one of
the highest peaks in Nevada (13,000+ feet). It is
known in caving circles for its 'shield' formations.
We all enjoyed our ranger led trip through the cave.

Across the highway from Lehman Caves is Baker
Archeological Village. It is an ancient Fremont
culture site, which has been abandoned for many
centuries. All of the structures which are left are
either foundations, or below ground. So, there is
little to actually see, except for some berms built
up to protect the ancient walls, and the park
interpretive trail markers. I photographed the
entire tour guide which you can carry with you as
you explore the area.

During the rest of our travels, we crossed the
western Utah desert several times; we hunted for
sunstones on Sunstone Knoll, south of Delta, Utah;
and we skirted Sevier Dry Lake & Notch Peak. We saw
some beautiful sunsets, and as astronaut Buzz Aldrin
called it, some 'magnificent desolation.' I put these
unclassified photos into a group called Various
Other Photos.

I also complied the photos I took while Flying from
San Diego to Phoenix to Salt Lake City to Las Vegas
and to San Diego. This section has photos of the
Salton Sea, Phoenix, the Grand Canyon, desert sand
storms, and other parts of the American Southwest
as seen from on high.

It was a great adventure. ENJOY!

Phil


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Four of the five books I have worked on. I either wrote, co-wrote, or contributed to each of these beeks

This is the cover to my first book. 
Click here to got more info, or to order a copy. Click on the cover to order a copy or to get more info.
This Day in North American Indian History
This Day in North American Indian History is a one-of-a-kind, vastly entertaining and informative book covering over 5000 years of North American Indian history, culture, and lore. Wide-ranging, it covers over 4,000 important events involving the native peoples of North America in a unique day-by-day format.

The thousands of entries in This Day in North American Indian History weave a compelling and comprehensive mosaic of North American Indian history spanning more than five millennia-every entry an exciting opening into the fascinating but little- known history of American Indians.

Over 100 photographs and illustrations - This book has 480 pages, weighs 2.2 pounds and is 8" by 9.5" in size. The Dates, Names and "Moons" section of these pages are based on the book.

This is the cover to my 4th book. 
Click here to got more info, or to order a copy or to get more info.
This is the cover to my 4th book. Click here to got more info, or to order a copy or to get more info."


Native American History For Dummies

I wrote six of the twenty-four chapters in this book. I am credited with being the technical editor. Book Description:
Native American History For Dummies introduces readers to the thousand-year-plus history of the first inhabitants of North America and explains their influence on the European settlement of the continent. Covering the history and customs of the scores of tribes that once populated the land, this friendly guide features vivid studies of the lives of such icons as Pocahontas, Sitting Bull, and Sacagawea; discusses warfare and famous battles, offering new perspectives from both battle lines; and includes new archaeological and forensic evidence, as well as oral histories that show events from the perspective of these indigenous peoples. The authors worked in concert with Native American authorities, institutions, and historical experts to provide a wide range of insight and information.
This is the cover to my 3rd book. 
Click here to got more info, or to order a copy or to get more info.
This is the cover to my 3rd book. Click here to got more info, or to order a copy or to get more info
Treaties With American Indians I wrote an article and several appendix items for this book.
Clips from a review on Amazon.com: *Starred Review* In the 93 years from 1778 until 1871, there were more than 400 treaties negotiated by Indian agents and government officials. Editor Fixico and more than 150 contributors have crafted a three volume comprehensive tool that will soon become essential for anyone interested in the topic. A resource section with lists of ?Alternate Tribal Names and Spellings,? ?Tribal Name Meanings,? (<---- I wrote this part) Treaties by Tribe,? and ?Common Treaty Names? and a bibliography and comprehensive index are repeated in each volume. This impressive set has a place in any academic library that supports a Native American studies or American history curriculum. It is the most comprehensive source of information on Canadian-Indian treaties and U.S.-Indian treaties. Also available as an e-book.

"The Wacky World of Laws"
It was just released in May 2009.
The Wacky World of Laws. Click on the cover to order a copy or to get more info.

The Wacky World of Laws is a compilation of U.S. and International Laws that are out of the ordinary. With the U.S. churning out 500,000 new laws every year and 2 million regulations annually, this book is the ideal go-to book fro everyone who wants a good laugh at the expense of our legal system. Law so often can be boring! Now with The Wacky World of Laws, you can be the hit of any water cooler conversation, and amaze your friends with precious legal nuggets.

I wrote most of this book. It is my fifth book.


(copyright, © Phil Konstantin, 2010)






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