August 2006 Newsletter from
"This Day in North American Indian History"
by Phil Konstantin
Copyright © Phil Konstantin (1996-2006)

Click Here To Return To The Previous Website

Start of Phil Konstantin's August 2006 Newsletter - Part 1


Things have finally started to cool off here in San
Diego. Unfortunately, the heat wave has moved further
east. So, people in the eastern part of North America
are getting what we just lost. Granted, those of you
in Australia are experiencing winter. One of my
subscribers in Japan says their weather has been nice,

I will have my normal news & events posting is Part 2.



The Link Of The Month for August 2006 is "Bridges to
Understanding.” This website is dedicated to “giving
youth voice worldwide through digital storytelling.
While this site does groups all over the world, it has
quite a few American Indian communities. The
‘Communities’ section of the website can take you to
many different specific areas. Each one of these areas
has a section where local kids talk about their lives.
This is an interesting way to find out what is
happening from the locals themselves.

It is still a work in progress, but I think you will
find it interesting.

You can find the website at:


The Treaty of the Month for July 2006 is the Manitoba
Post Treaty or Treaty Number Two. The treaty covers
such issues as: land transfers in Manitoba and
Saskatchewan; clothing; tools; schools; maintaining
peace and law and order; and the prohibition of alcohol.
You can read a transcript of the treaty here:


Movie Reviews:

Fort Apache:

Fort Apache is one of John Ford’s westerns set in
Monument Valley on the Navajo reservation. The basic
plot is of an eastern officer being transfered to an
out-of-the-way post in the southwest. Henry Fonda
plays the new post-Civil War commander, who believes
he is worthy of much greater things. He had a great
disdain for the local Apache Indians. His opinion of
the soldiers under his command is not much better.
John Wayne plays the fort’s previous commander. Contrary
to the expected Wayne stereotype, his character has
a great deal of respect for the Indians. Fonda’s
character reminds me of the real life Captain William
Fetterman or Lieutenant John L. Grattan who attacked
a group of Indians despite being warned about their
superior fighting abilities. Both were handily defeated
by the Indians. In Fort Apache, the Apache’s a treated
as three dimensional characters. As in most of Ford’s
westerns, a lot of the dramatic nature of Monument
Valley adds to the movie. In this feature, Goulding’s
original trading post is used as the stage stop. The
movie has some interesting scenes of life on an Army
outpost and the mixing of the brass and the soldiers.
While it is not a great film, it is an interesting
one for the characters.

Here some links for quite a few other reviews of the
movie. (In

Cheyenne Autumn:

Cheyenne Autumn is another of John Ford’s movies set in
Monument Valley. While I love Monument Valley, the movie
presents it as Oklahoma. Nothing I have seen in Oklahoma
even remotely resembles Monument Valley. The basic story
is the true story of the Cheyenne who were moved to
Indian Territory (Oklahoma). They are starving & dying
in Oklahoma. They want to return to their traditional
homelands in Wyoming so they can fend for themselves.
The government seldom comes anywhere near to meeting
their treaty obligations. Richard Widmark plays an Army
Captain who is in charge of the Cheyenne. While he has
a great deal of respect for the Cheyenne, and he realizes
they are not being treated properly, he also must follow
his orders to keep them on the reservation.

Eventually, as in history, the Cheyenne leave the
reservation and start their trek back home. The Army
follows and numerous skirmishes take place. Most of the
major factual parts of the story are correct. Many little
story plotlines are pure fiction. All of the major
Cheyenne parts are played by non-Indians. Granted, the
actors give an honest effort to portray their characters,
as the script allows. Many of the background Cheyenne
are portrayed by the local Navajos. Many of the lines
which are supposed to be in Cheyenne are actually in
Navajo. When the producers first showed the movie in
Navajoland, they were surprised by the laughter whenever
a scene has the Indians speaking in Navajo. Yes, those
stories you have heard are true. The Navajos would often
make off-colored remarks to each other while pretending
to be saying something from the script. What they actually
said is best left for a newsletter strictly for adults.

If you are interested in historical accuracy, this movie
scores a C. As for general “cowboys and Indians” movies,
it gets a B. For cinematography, it gets an A.

Here are some more reviews from the internet:

You can find copies of these movies at most major movie
outlets and through my Store page at:


Random historical events for August

August 1: 1813: Today, Fort Stephenson, at modern Fremont,
Ohio, will be attacked by British Major Henry A.Proctor,
and 1200 British and Indians. The fort is defended by
Major George Croghan, and 120 men. The Americans will
fire only when the British and Indians are at close range.
During the two day battle, the Americans will have only
one man killed. The British and Indians will sustain more
than 1200 casualties.

August 2: 1792: MOHEGAN Samson Occom dies today in New
Stockbridge, New York. A protege of Rev.Eleazar Wheelock,
Occom will learn numerous foreign languages, become an
ordained minister, be the first Indian to preach in
England, minister to many Indian tribes, and be
instrumental in the establishment of Dartmouth College
in New Hampshire.

August 3: 1889: General Crook, and the other treaty
commissioners, were having no luck in convincing the
large groups of SIOUX and the Standing Rock Agency to
agree to move to smaller reservations, and to sell
their "excess" lands for $1.50 an acre. Sitting Bull
continued to "disrupt" the meetings with his angry
denunciation of any attempts to sell Indian lands.
Crook decided he would make more progress by talking
to the tribal leaders individually. On this date,
without informing Sitting Bull, Crook held a final
meeting. Local agent James McLaughlin had his tribal
police surround the meeting site to prevent any of
the rabble-rousers from attending. Eventually, Sitting
Bull worked his way past the police, and addressed
the meeting. Sitting Bull was incensed because he had
not been informed of the meeting. McLaughlin told the
meeting that everyone knew of the meeting. At that time,
Chief John Grass, and many of the other Chiefs came
forward to sign the treaty, and to break up the large
reservation. Sitting Bull vented his frustration at
the other Chiefs, but he was out voted.

August 4: 1862: In July, the money promised to the
SANTEE SIOUX in Minnesota was scheduled to arrive. When
Little Crow, and the other SIOUX, reported to their
reservation's upper agency on the Yellow Medicine River,
they were told the money had not arrived. The winter
had been bad, and the summer crops were poor. Little
Crow asked Agent Thomas Galbraith to open up the local
warehouse, which was full of food. Galbraith said there
would be no food if there was no money. On this date,
Little Crow, and 500 SIOUX warriors surround the badly
outnumber soldiers guarding the warehouse. The SANTEE
break in and start unloading supplies. The commanding
officer of the garrison, Timothy Sheehan, understands
the frustration of the hungry Indians, and he convinces
Galbraith to officially issue the food to the SANTEE.
Little Crow also gets a promise that the lower agency
will also issue supplies. The SANTEE then leave peacefully.

August 5: 1881: The Crow Dog murder case goes to the
Supreme Court.

August 6: 1846: The old settlers and the new emigrants
factions of the CHEROKEE have been arguing over who has
legal control of the CHEROKEE Nation since the late 1830s.
It has even been proposed that the nation split into two
tribes. Today, the different sides will sign a treaty in Washington,D.C.
The treaty will confirm that there will
only be one CHEROKEE Nation.

August 7: 1869: A solar eclipse is draw on Lone Dog's
chronicle of the years.

August 8: 1699: The TOHOME Indians live along the gulf
coast in Alabama and Mississippi. Tiday, in Biloxi, they
will formally establish peaceful relations with the French.

August 9: 1911: Ishi ("the last of his tribe") comes into
Oroville, California.

August 10: 1815: The half brother of Cornplanter,
Skaniadariio (Handsome Lake) was born near Ganawagus,
New York sometime around 1735. He fought in many battles
during the French and Indian Wars, and during the
American Revolution. Later he would battle alcoholism.
One day a vision led him to give up drinking and to
promote traditional Indian ways among his people. He
became a Chief among the SENECA based on his wise council.
He once spoke before President Jefferson on behalf of
his people. His teachings have been handed down among
the IROQUOIS. He died today in Onondaga.

August 11: 1988: The ALEUT receive restitution for loses
in WWII today.

August 12: 1878: The PAIUTE Chief Oytes, and his followers,
will surrender today. This will effectively end the PAIUTEs'
participation in the BANNOCK war.

August 13: 1587: Manteo, a CROTAN Indian has converted to
the Church of England. Today, he is baptized by Sir Walter
Raleigh. In respect for his help with Raleigh's colonists,
Raleigh gives him the title of "Lord of Roanoke and of Dasamonquepeuk."

August 14: 1559: Tristan de Luna y Arellano has been
appointed to establish Spanish settlements on Pensacola
Bay by the Spanish Viceroy in Mexico. Today, his expedition
of 13 ships, several priests, 500 soldiers, and 1000
settlers will arrive in Pensacola Bay, in Florida.
Much of the expedition will be killed or starve because
of a hurricane which struck the area a few days later.

August 15: 1642: In instructions to the Pennsylvania
Governor John Printz, of New Sweden, the Queen of Sweden
wished for "the wild nations" to be treated kindly, and
in a humane manner. She also stated that the Indians
were the "rightful lords" of this land, and must be treated accordingly.

August 16: 1812: SHAWNEE Chief Tecumseh has been
commissioned as a Brigadier General by the British. With
his Indians forces, he will be instrumental in the surrender
of American force at Fort Detroit, today.

August 17: 1876: President Grant, by Executive Order
today, corrects a survey mistake, and returns Uncompahgre
Park, and some prime farm land, to the UTE Reservation.

August 18: 1863: As a part of the Canyon de Chelly
Campaign, Kit Carson, and General James Charlatan, were
trying to starve the NAVAJOs into submission. Today,
General Charlatan will put a bounty on NAVAJO livestock.
Every good horse or mule would bring twenty dollars,
quite a sum for those days. Each sheep would earn one dollar.

August 19: 1854: a MINICONJOU SIOUX, named High Forehead,
kills a sickly cow near Fort Laramie, in southeastern
Wyoming. The cow's owner complains to the fort's commander.
A brash Brevet Second Lieutenant John L.Grattan, and 30
volunteers leave the fort today to find the SIOUX involved.
Grattan goes to Conquering Bear's BRULE SIOUX camp near
Ash Hollow, and demands the Indian who shot the cow.
Grattan makes numerous threats at the SIOUX, but they
won't hand over High Forehead. During the parlay, a shot
rings out, and Grattan's artillery gunners open fire on
the camp. Conquering Bear tries to get both sides to stop
shooting, but he is hit by an artillery round. Eventually,
all but one of Grattan's men will be killed in the fighting.

You can see where this happened on my website at:

August 20: 1851: One in a series of treaties with
California Indians is signed today at Lipayuma. This
treaty says it will set aside lands for the Indians and
protect them from Americans.

August 21: 1871: Treaty Number Two (Manitoba Post Treaty),
is concluded between the Canadian Government, and the
CHIPPEWA. They sell 35,700 square miles of land, in exchange
for certain reservation lands, an annuity, schools and
other items.

August 22: 1862: Today, 800 SANTEE SIOUX will attack Fort
Ridgely, in south-central Minnesota. The fort is defended
by approximately 150 soldiers, and two dozen volunteers.
The SIOUX will sneak up to the fort, and try to set fire
to it. When the SIOUX attacked, the Army responded with
an artillery barrage. Little Crow will be wounded in the
fighting, and Mankato will take over. The artillery will
make the difference in the fighting, and the SIOUX will

August 23: 1724: British forces under Capt. Moulton stage
a supprise attack on an ABENAKI village at Norridgewock.
27 people, including a resident French priest Father Rasles,
would be scalped by the English. The village would be burned.
This would be a big blow to the spirit of the local Indians.

August 24: 1869: For his actions on July 8, 1869, Mad
Bear will receive the Congressional Medal of Honor today.

August 25: 1737: A agreement will be signed today by
Thomas Penn and MUNSEE Chiefs Manawkyhickon and Nutimus.
The agreement will call for Indian lands to be sold along
the Delaware river for the distance that a man could walk
in a day and a half. This would be called the "Walking
Purchase" and would be performed on September 19, 1737.

August 26: 1858: In what would be called "The Battle of
Four Lakes," force under Colonel George Wright fight for
about three hours with COEUR d'ALENE, COLUMBIA RIVER,
COLVILLE, KALISPEL, and SPOKANE Indians. The Army will
defeat the Indians.

August 27: 1832: Black Hawk surrenders.

August 28: 1676: The last Indian surrenders in the King
Philip's War.

August 29: 1758: The First State Indian reservation, in
New Jersey, is established today.

August 30: 1690: A combined force of British, YAMASSEE
and YUCHI Indians attack the Spanish mission of San Juan
de Guacara in northern Florida, today. Many TIMUCUA Indians
in the area have been converted to Christianity or are
loyal to the Franciscan monks. All of the TIMUCUA Indians
at the mission will be killed in the fighting.

August 31: 1905: Today, Ely Samuel Parker (Donehogawa)
dies in New York City. During his lifetime he will be a
SENECA Chief, an engineer, a lawyer, the New York City
Building Superintendent, a Brigadier General in the Civil
War where he will write the surrender papers signed at
Appomattox, and the first Indian Commissioner of Indian
Affairs. Born in 1828, he will be buried in Buffalo, New


I’ll have more in a day or two in Part 2 of the

That's it for now.

Have a great month.

Phil Konstantin

End of Phil Konstantin's August 2006 Newsletter - Part 1
Start of Phil Konstantin's August 2006 Newsletter - Part 2


Here is the rest of this month's newsletter. I thought I
would give you a bit of a break between editions.




Book Review:

Buffalo Calf Road Woman: The Story of a Warrior of the
Little Bighorn by Rosemary Agonito, Joseph Agonito

First, I must admit that I wrote this review some time ago.
I thought I had included it in a previous newsletter and did
not discover my error until today. I am sorry for the delay.

Here is a short synopsis of the book provided by the publisher:
"Based on the incredible true adventure of the only woman
who fought Custer at the Little Bighorn, Buffalo Calf Road
Woman recreates the heroism of a remarkable warrior woman
and the Cheyenne people during their final days of freedom
on the Great Plains.

Pursued and attacked by the army, forced onto reservations,
Calf and her people struggled to preserve their old ways and rediscover
the happiness of earlier times.

This epic tale of love and war, birth and death, confinement
and escape, love found and love lost, is an inspiring journey
of the heart through one of history's most moving sagas."

Buffalo Calf Road Woman is a very well meaning attempt to
look at a historical figure for which little accurate
historical information can be found. Buffalo Calf Road was
a participant in the Battle of the Rosebud, which took place
a few days before the Little Big Horn, in 1876. You can see
pictures of the area on my website at: . Some sources say
the Indians actually called the incident "Battle Where the
Girl Saves Her Brother." So even though we know some things
about her, in deed, little is truly known about Buffalo
Calf Road Woman.

With that in mind, there are many positive things about the
book. It is nicely written, with a story that keeps moving
along. The book gives some glipses into life on the plains
during the era of the Indian wars. You also get a feeling
for what it was like to participate in a fight, to suffer
great deprivations and to avoid a massacre. There is a great
sense of honor and character displayed, as well.

Some of the critiques of the story have been that it has a
definite feminist slant. I have casually corresponded with
a couple of Cheyennes, and they tell me that the powerful
nature of Buffalo Calf Road was possible, if unlikely.
Thus, the book avoids the monolithic cultural perspectives
which say things could only happen one what because that
was the way they always happened. Can you fault a story for
having a viewpoint? Perhaps you can, especially if you are
dealing with real people. Then again, the same can be said
for the stories written by Mrs. George Armstrong Custer
after his death. She reported her version of his story as
she saw it.

I am reminded of a series of books I received as a child.
They were called the "We Were There" books. In each case,
a historical event or figure is visited. The books were
designed for young readers, and were often told from a
young character's point of view. I really enjoyed these
books. However, after reading the Orville & Wilber Wright
story, I discovered that the youthful character had not
really existed. I felt a bit putoff by that. It was somewhat
like watching a historical movie by Oliver Stone. You never
quite know what is done with artistic license. Then again,
I still enjoyed the stories.

Please do not let those comments suggest that you should
not read this book. I just recommend that you follow the
authors' note that this book is a "partially fictionalized
version of Buffalo Calf Road's life."

Some critics of the book have found some minor historical inaccuracies.
This may very well be true. It could also be
different interpretations of what little is really known,
along the lines of five witnesses of a crash having five
different versions of what happened. I cannot speak to any
cultural errors regarding the Cheyenne.

Overall, I would recommend Buffalo Calf Road Woman for what
the authors were trying to do. They had hoped to present a
look into a type of person normally not seen by the general
public, an American Indian woman during the 1800s. If you
can overlook the speculations which must be made to fill in
the blanks in a historical person's life, then you will find
this book to be an enjoyable read. While it is not 100%
accurate on all its facts, you can still apreciate the effort.

You can order a copy through this link, or go to my store page:


Notes from subscribers:


Does anyone have an answer for this?

My little hometown in west Tenn. is named "Moscow." We say
it "Mos-Ko" Town was founded 1827. Legend says the name
derives from an Indian word meaning "between two rivers."
I am 55 - over the decades I have read every Indian dictionary
of the Southeast - histories - even asked living Choctaw people
and no body seems to know the meaning of the Indian root
word "Mosko."

There are at least 12 other "Moscow" place names with zip
codes in the U. S. I wrote to all of them during our county
sesquicentennial of 1974 and asked the town librarian or
historian how their town got its names.   About half replied -
some were derived of Moscow, Russia. One lady in Moscow,
Iowa wrote back saying their town name had similar Indian
reference - their story said the word meant "Along the waters
or above the waters." Indeed they were situated on land
above a stream - don't remember the name.   There is also a
Moscow, KY with no zip and it over looks a creek - there's a
Moscow, AR and it has no zip as I recall.

Europeans corrupted the pronunciation of all Indian words
best I can tell. There is some connecting word still in
existence if I can ever find it. I had thought about
"Musko-gee." - The Creek tribal name - "Creeks" was an
Anglo name assigned to them because their villages always
resided along creeks as I've read. I see in your tribal
name conversion page here that you also list the Creeks as
being called "Homashko."   There's that "mash-ko" connection

Can you help us solve this 175-year-old mystery about our
place name? What Indian word could "Mos-co" derive from?
Could it be "Musko-gee" or "Ho-Mash-ko"??   There is a
connection here somehow - I just feel it.

But to let you know, I even called the Creek Indian Museum
or tribal history facility, I think in Muskogee, OK, about
a year ago and spoke with a lady there. She said that the
name "Muskogee" was so old that no one any longer knew what
it meant. I found that hard to believe.   What light can
you help shine on this mystery. I am about ready to ask The
History Detectives program on Public TV!!
David Smith


Another question:

I was at a boarding school in the 90's on the reservation.
It was federally funded. I wondered if this practice still

Thanks again,


Hi Phil,

I'm still wiping away tears of laughter at the memories
this brought back- When the movie Cheyenne Autumn was
released I was a student at Oklahoma College of Liberal
Arts in Chickasha OK. I went with some friends to see what
was being "done" with us in the movies this time. Now,
this school had a number of us from different Nations and
Tribes attending, and we often shared certain information.
Well, on the night we went, not only were some Cheyenne
with us, so too was a Navaho who didn't mind providing
instntaneous translations for. I still don't know how we
weren't kicked out of the theater- maybe we were
entertaining the other patrons too! Certainly our laughter
was shared a bit beyond our group. I just wish I could
remember half the things we heard that night.

Also, I know what you mean about the Oklahoma landscape,
but have you ever been to Red Rock Canyon? Some places in
there could work as a kind of smaller opposite to Monument

Thanks again for the memories,


News Stories:

Venezuela considers sending cheap home-heating oil to NW Indians

Tribes – governments or businesses?

Construction unearths disputes

Native Americans Fighting to Cancel Washington Redskins Trademark

Cherokee Nation businesses losing millions

Casinos changing face of So Cal entertainment

California's only tribal college close to collapse after 35 years

Sycuans add history to time capsule

Association stresses importance of languages

European misconceptions leave a costly legacy

How to handle remains divides scientists, tribes

Congress urged to save native languages

Fighting to save indigenous languages; Indian educators spearhead effort
to amend landmark law

American Indians protesting bar development near sacred mountain

Zuni language survives with linguist's work

New page turns for Alutiiq language

Settlement appears close on Indian trust lawsuit

Kumeyaay Elder Keeping the Culture Alive

Arapaho elders learn to teach

Tribal turmoil brewing - after 18 years; Congress isn't rushing to
settle a Hoopa - vs. - Yurok dispute over settlement.

Discovery of flint spear point forever changed U.S. archaeology

Suicides Rates of American Indian Youth on Reservations 2.5 Times Higher
Than U.S. Average; Special from the Reservation Report: A Monthly Media
Letter Regarding American Indian Policies

With Trip to England, Va. Tribes Seek a Place in U.S. History

Immigration — and the Curse of the Black Legend

Is the DWR equipped to guard relics? Some say no - Range Creek Canyon
rife with Fremont relics

Sarah Winnemucca: Voice of the Northern Paiutes

Hopi chairman declares emergency because of flooding

Western Shoshone Struggle Earns World Recognition

Sand Creek Massacre National Historic Site update,1413,121%7E7981%7E3356650,00.html

Dance, healing at new Sand Creek memorial,1299,DRMN_15_4931684,00.html

Unjust decision in death of Indian man

Native cultures' nurture an art, responsibility says keynote speaker

Low aboriginal graduation rates a concern for all Canadians

Lumbee tribe’s request fuels identity debate

Cherokee language initiative a welcome development

$60,000 dinner tab forces layoffs at native community

Bison hunters: More advanced than thought

Island in the sky

Rock shelters offer glimpse into the past

NAN Grand Chief alarmed about government stance on First Nations and

Blood Feud

Bandelier listed among 10 threatened parks

Pueblo leader pushes for changes for American Indians

Inuit support strong Canadian Arctic presence

An ancient craft woven onto Web

Duwamish history again stands tall

Student risked life running from residential school abusers

Salmon fishing disaster declared

Aboriginals large part of national agenda says Liberal leadership

Native commission can do great things

Native Alaskans Feel the Heat of Global Warming

Winnipeg land purchase ushers in urban reserve

This centennial is a cliff hanger

Crow Canyon Updates

Team Oklahoma wins Native American Cup Golf Tournament

Membership woes continue ahead of historic Peguis vote

Juan Bautista de Anza: A New Mexico frontiersman


Schools recruit Indian educators to teach

Indian Metropolis

Huntington Library Database Tells the Stories of 100,000 Mission Indians,0,6514584.story?coll=la-home-headlines

The Arkansas Archeological Survey and Southern Arkansas University
reports the theft of 26 prehistoric Caddo Indian pottery vessels

BC First Nation gets back one of its own

Discover Utahns, circa A.D. 300 - Fremont Indian exhibit offers a
glimpse of a little-seen find

Painting of slain Hopi soldier makes inspiring journey

Documentary filmmakers turn cameras on Iowa tribal history

Investigation finds Indian trust officials broke ethics rules

Teachers Experience Native American Life at Workshop on Washington's
First People

First agreement finalized under BC treaty process

Paul Martin to crusade for native rights

Tribes gird for fight over power lines

A Tale of Two Indians

Tribes taking varying paths in war on meth

Arizona tribe, Border Patrol preserve archeological sites

A Proud legacy - Former Clemson star never forgets his Catawba heritage



Manzanita EPA Day
Saturday September 30, 2006
Manzanita Community Building
12:00 Noon Lunch Served
Fun activities for Everyone:
Basketmaking, pottery, crafts, etc.
Birdsinging in the Afternoon
5:00pm Dinner Served
All are Welcome to Attend
Peon to follow at Dusk
Mens, Womens pot $2,600.00 each
Boys, & Girls first $1,000.00, second $400.00


[Federal Register: August 17, 2006 (Volume 71, Number 159)]
[Page 47512-47513]
From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access []


National Park Service Seeking Two New Committee Members
This notice can be seen online at:


National Park Service

Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Review
Committee: Nomination Solicitation

AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior.

ACTION: Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Review
Committee; Notice of Nomination Solicitation.


SUMMARY: The National Park Service is soliciting nominations for two
members of the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation
Review Committee. The Secretary of the Interior will appoint one member
from nominations submitted by Indian tribes, Native Hawaiian
organizations, and traditional Native American religious leaders. This
particular appointee is not required to be a traditional Native
American religious leader. The Secretary of the Interior will also
appoint one member from nominations submitted by national museum
organizations and scientific organizations.
    Nominations must include the following information.1. Nominations
by Indian tribes or Native Hawaiian organizations: Nominations must be
submitted on official tribal or organization letterhead with the
nominator's original signature and daytime telephone number. The
nominator must be the official authorized by the tribe or organization
to submit nominations in response to this solicitation. The nomination
must include a statement that the nominator is so authorized.
    2. Nominations by traditional religious leaders: Nominations must
be submitted with the nominator's original signature and daytime
telephone number. The nominator must explain how he or she meets the
definition of traditional religious leader.
    3. Nominations by national museum organizations and scientific
organizations: Nominations must be submitted on organization letterhead
with the nominator's original signature and daytime telephone number.
The nominator must be the official authorized by the organization to
submit nominations in response to this solicitation. The nomination

[[Page 47513]]

include a statement that the nominator is so authorized.
    4. Information about nominees: All nominations must include the
following information:
    a. nominee's name, address, and daytime telephone number and e-mail
address; and
    b. nominee's resume or brief biography emphasizing the nominee's
NAGPRA experience and ability to work effectively as a member of an
advisory board.
    Nominations that do not include all of the abovementioned
information will be considered non-responsive to this solicitation.

DATES: Nominations must be received by October 16, 2006.

ADDRESSES: Via U.S. Mail: Address nominations to Designated Federal
Officer, Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Review
Committee, National NAGPRA Program, National Park Service, 1849 C
Street NW (2253), Washington, DC 20240. Because increased security in
the Washington, DC, area may delay delivery of U.S. Mail to U.S.
Government offices, a copy of each mailed nomination should also be
faxed to (202) 371-5197. Via commercial delivery: Address nominations
to C. Timothy McKeown, Designated Federal Officer, Native American
Graves Protection and Repatriation Review Committee, National NAGPRA
Program, National Park Service, 1201 Eye Street NW, 8th floor,
Washington, DC 20005.

    1. The Review Committee was established by the Native American
Graves Protection and Repatriation Act of 1990 (NAGPRA), 25 U.S.C. 3001
et seq.
    2. The Review Committee is responsible for--
    a. monitoring the NAGPRA inventory and identification process;
    b. reviewing and making findings related to the identity or
cultural affiliation of cultural items, or the return of such items;
    c. facilitating the resolution of disputes;
    d. compiling an inventory of culturally unidentifiable human
remains and developing a process for disposition of such remains;
    e. consulting with Indian tribes and Native Hawaiian organizations
and museums on matters within the scope of the work of the Review
Committee affecting such tribes or organizations;
    f. consulting with the Secretary of the Interior in the development
of regulations to carry out NAGPRA; and
    g. making recommendations regarding future care of repatriated
cultural items.
    3. Seven members compose the Review Committee. All members are
appointed by the Secretary of the Interior. The Secretary may not
appoint Federal officers or employees to the Review Committee.
    a. Three members are appointed from nominations submitted by Indian
tribes, Native Hawaiian organizations, and traditional Native American
religious leaders. At least two of these members must be traditional
Native American religious leaders.
    b. Three members are appointed from nominations submitted by
national museum organizations and scientific organizations.
    c. One member is appointed from a list of persons developed and
consented to by all of the other members.
    4. Members serve as Special Governmental Employees, which requires
submission of annual financial disclosure reports and completion of
annual ethics training.
    5. Appointment terms: Members are appointed for 4-year terms and
incumbent members may be reappointed for 2-year terms.
    6. The Review Committee's work is completed during public meetings.
The Review Committee normally meets face-to-face two times per year,
and each meeting is normally two or three days. The Review Committee
may also hold one or more public teleconferences of several hours
    7. Compensation: Review Committee members are compensated for their
participation in Review Committee meetings.
    8. Reimbursement: Review Committee members are reimbursed for
travel expenses incurred in association with Review Committee meetings.
    9. Additional information regarding the Review Committee, including
the Review Committee's charter, meeting protocol, and dispute
resolution procedures, is available on the National NAGPRA program Web
site, (click ``Review Committee'' in the
menu on

the right).
    10. The terms ``Indian tribe,'' ``Native Hawaiian organization,''
and ``traditional religious leader'' have the same definitions as given
in 43 CFR 10.2.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: C. Timothy McKeown, Designated Federal
Officer, Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Review
Committee, National NAGPRA Program, National Park Service, 1849 C
Street NW (2253), Washington, DC 20240; telephone (202) 354-2206; e-

    Dated: June 26, 2006
C. Timothy McKeown,
Designated Federal Officer,
    Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Review
[FR Doc. E6-13589 Filed 8-16-06; 8:45 am]



Native Voices at the Autry is devoted to developing and
producing new works for the stage by Native American
playwrights and has become one of the nation's most
important theater companies producing new Native American

Thursday, August 31 Open House @ The Autry National Center
4:00 pm - 6:00pm For Native American Writers, Actors,
Theater Artists & Community!

Friday, September 1 Artists Workshops @ The Autry National Center
9:00am - 5:00pm For Native American Writers & Actors

Saturday, September 2 Artists Workshops @ The Autry National Center
9:00am - 5:00pm For Native American Writers & Actors

Sunday, September 3 Artists Workshops @ The Autry National Center
9:00am - 5:00pm For Native American Writers & Actors

Saturday, October 14 Open Auditions for Native American Actors @
The Autry National Center!
9:00am - 5:00pm For Native Voices Festival of New Plays

Sunday, October 15 Open Auditions for Native American Actors @
The Autry National Center!
9:00am - 5:00pm For Native Voices Festival of New Plays

Friday, November 3 Native Voices Festival of New Plays ~ Staged
Reading @ The Autry National Center
8:00pm - 10:00pm The Berlin Blues ~ A new comedy by Drew
Hayden Taylor (Ojibway)
A large German conglomerate attempts to build the world's largest
Native theme park in a small Ojibway community!

Saturday, November 4 Native Voices Festival of New Plays ~ Staged
Reading @ The Autry National Center
8:00pm - 10:00pm Super Indian ~ A new comedy radio series by
Arigon Starr (Kickapoo, Creek)
Rocketing to the rescue is Super Indian who uses his uncanny powers
to make life in a small community seem like the big time!

Sunday, November 5 Native Voices Festival of New Plays ~ Staged
Reading @ The Autry National Center
2:00pm - 4:00pm Plymouth Dodge Desoto ~ A taut psychological
thriller by Diane Glancy (Cherokee)
When a young husband's reckless driving results in the death of
another man's wife the dead woman's family
seeks revenge.

For more information about NATIVE VOICES at the AUTRY call
323-667-2000 ext. 299 or go to:


Cultural Tidbits from the Cherokee Nation Newsletter
(note the date on this)



To the people of the Cherokee Nation.


In about three months hence, you will be called upon by
the constitution of your country, to exercise a privilege
of great importance to yourselves, and to your country.
Yes, a privilege which all free people should justly
appreciate, & on the exercise of which depends our future
prosperity, under an enlightened form of government; such
as one as we have lately adopted for our guide.

The welfare of our country should be the order of the day
with all who have the interest of their native land at heart.
Our nation, as a political body, has reached an important
crisis, and bids fair for rapid progress in the path of
civilization, the arts and sciences; while at the same time
we can say with no ordinary degree of exultation, that
agriculture is gradually gaining an ascendancy amongst us
equalled by no other Indian Tribe. But, after all, in
comparing our past difficulties, the danger which our nation
has escaped, with our present condition, we have many sources
of true regret, which may yet prove detrimental, to our
future prosperity. And it is but just to ourselves and to
our country, to endeavor to maintain the eminence we have
attained to. The course to be pursued should now attract
the serious consideration of the people. And may I take
the liberty to suggest the course to be pursued for your consideration?
As we have put our hands to the plough, and
as the art of Legislation is little understood by a majority
of this nation, great care should be taken, how we manage
our political engine; lest we should be compelled to
renounce forever, all hopes of ever enjoying the fruits
of the promised land.

1st. On the first Monday in next August, will be our general
election day, and on that day, you will have to put into
action the prerogative vested in you, by the constitution,
the exercise of which should be carefully and judiciously

2d. In this duty, in which you will have to select persons
to represent your wishes in the general Council of the
nation, be careful that you choose men of unshaken firmness,
good friends to their country, and judicious in all that
may devolve on them to perform,

3d. The Committee should be composed of men of education,
and good knowledge in the affairs of our nation; while the
Council should be composed of full blooded Cherokees, known
for love of their country, the land of their forefathers, and
also celebrated for their good natural sense, justice, and
firmness.    If then, we be combined by one common interest,
having one object, the preservation of ourselves as a free
and sovereign people, observing strictly our relations with
the United States, with whom alone we are connected by
solemn treaties, (with but one exception) and as long as we
remain just, and firm as a nation, we need not dread the
threatning [sic] aspects of the time. By this judicious
course in the regulation of our internal affairs, we may
avert the fulfilment [sic] of the opinion of some, who have
ventured to predict, that we will fall from our present
condition, or in other words, that we cannot maintain our
political situation, because, say they, we are overreaching
ourselves in adopting an enlightened form of government.
It is true we have made bold strides to attain to our present
elevation,-an elevation no other Indian tribe ever enjoyed-
an elevation, to maintain which, and preserve with dignity
and honour [sic] to our Country, our utmost energy should
be employed. Notwithstanding that we are surrounded with
many difficulties of various kinds, it is a matter of great
encouragement, amidst the evils which threaten our
tranquility, we hear now and then a voice, advocating the
claims of justice, humanity, and innocence.

The writer does not wish to be understood as arrogating to
himself the right of dictating, but he claims only the
privilege of suggesting to his fellow citizens, that they
may be on the watch tower on the lookout. At the same time
the writer is in hopes that by this feeble effort to call
the attention of the people at large, some other person more
able, may be induced to point our a more efficient course
to be pursued. As a citizen, I must beg your indulgence for
these lines, actuated as it is only by the zeal I feel for
my country's welfare.



Wednesday May 6, 1828
Volume 1 No. 11
Page 2 Col. 2b-3a


Humor or Interesting Things:



World champion kite flyer
http ://

From Ed Clark:

Subject: Some kids are pretty smart

I was testing the children in my Sunday school class to see
if they understood the concept of getting to heaven.

I asked them, "If I sold my house and my car,had a big garage
sale and gave all my money to the church, Would that get me into

"NO!" the children answered.

"If I cleaned the church every day, mowed the yard, and kept everything
neat and tidy, would that get me into Heaven?"

Again, the answer was, "NO!"

By now I was starting to smile. Hey, this was fun!

Well, then, if I was kind to animals and gave candy to all the children,
and loved my husband, would that get me into Heaven?"

I asked them again.

Again, they all answered, "NO!"

I was just bursting with pride for them.

"Well," I continued, "then how can I get into Heaven?"

A five-year-old boy shouted out, "YOU GOTTA BE DEAD."


That's it for now.

Have a great month.

Phil Konstantin

End of Phil Konstantin's August 2006 Newsletter - Part 2

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