July 2011 Newsletter from
"This Day in North American Indian History"
by Phil Konstantin
Copyright © © Phil Konstantin (1996-2013)

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Phil Konstantin's July 2011 Newsletter


This month's newsletter will be a bit abbreviated.
I am recovering from hernia surgery. Sitting
for long periods of time gets a bit irritating, if
not painful.

Have a great month.



Link Of The Month for July 2011:

Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Canada:

Per their website:
"Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Canada
(AANDC) supports Aboriginal people (First Nations,
Inuit and Métis) and Northerners in their efforts to:

    improve social well-being and economic prosperity;
    develop healthier, more sustainable communities; and
    participate more fully in Canada's political, social and economic
development - to the benefit of all Canadians.

AANDC is one of the federal government departments responsible
for meeting the Government of Canada's obligations and
commitments to First Nations, Inuit and Métis, and for
fulfilling the federal government's constitutional
responsibilities in the North. AANDC's responsibilities
are largely determined by numerous statutes, negotiated
agreements and relevant legal decisions. Most of the D
epartment's programs, representing a majority of its
spending - are delivered through partnerships with
Aboriginal communities and federal-provincial or
federal-territorial agreements. AANDC also works with
urban Aboriginal people, Métis and Non-Status Indians
(many of whom live in rural areas) through the Office
of the Federal Interlocutor.

AANDC's mandate and wide ranging responsibilities are
shaped by centuries of history, and unique demographic
and geographic challenges. AANDC is one of 34 federal
departments and agencies involved in Aboriginal and
northern programs and services. "



This month’s "Treaty of the Month" is the "TREATY WITH

June 1, 1868. | 15 Stats., p. 667." It was signed at
the Fort Sumner, Bosque Redondo reservation in New
Mexico. The treaty, among a long list of other things,
allows the Navajo to return to their former lands in
Arizona. Lieutenant-General W. T. Sherman and Colonel
Samuel F. Tappan sign for the United States. Barboncito,
Armijo, Delgado and Manuelito, among a long list of
others, sign for the Navajo. You can see a copy of
the treaty here:



History section:

Here are some randomly picked historical events for July

July 1, 1833: According to an army report, by this date,
the army estimates they have captured all of the "hostile"
Creek Indians, except for the warriors from Hitchiti,
and Yuchi, led by Jim Henry.

July 2, 1791: The treaty (7 stat.39) with the Cherokee
Nation is concluded on the Holston River at White's
Fort, modern Knoxville Tennessee. The Cherokee
acknowledge the sovereignty of the United States.
Prisoners are restored on both sides. Boundary lines
are officially established. American citizens are
allowed to use a road from the Washington District,
to the Mero District on the Tennessee River without
molestation. The United States will have the sole
right to regulate trade with the Cherokee. No whites
can live, or hunt on Cherokee lands, without Cherokee
approval. Annual payments increase from $1000, to
$1500 on February 17, 1792. The treaty is signed by
thirty-nine Chiefs, 1200 other Cherokees attend the
meeting. This is known as the "Holston River Treaty."
The Americans are represented by Governor William Blount.

July 3, 1754: Surrounded by 500 French and 400 Indian
forces under Sieur Coulon de Villiers, George Washington
has only 400 soldiers at his Fort Necessity, near
modern Farmington, in southwestern Pennsylvania.
After his artillery is put out of action, and with
half of his men as casualties, Washington accepts
de Villiers offer of surrender. Washington leads his
troops back to Virginia. De Villiers is the brother
of Jumonville de Villiers, Washington's counterpart
in the battle not far from here on May 28th. Jumonville
is killed in that battle. Some historians beieve this
battle was the spark which led to the French - Indian War.

July 4, 1874: Captain A.E. Bates, and Troop B, Second
Cavalry, and 160 "friendly" Shoshones, are en route
from Camp Brown, in west central Wyoming, looking for
a reported gathering of hostile Northern Cheyenne and
Arapahos, when they discover a large group of "hostiles"
on the Bad Water Branch of the Wind River, in Wyoming.
During the battle, twenty-six "hostiles," and four
soldiers are killed. Twenty Indians, and six soldiers,
including Lieutenant R.H. Young, are wounded. 230
horses are captured. After this fight, many "hostile"
Northern Cheyenne and Arapahos are convinced to return
to their agencies to avoid further battles.

July 5, 1873: A tract of land is set aside as a reserve
for "Gross Ventre, Piegan, Blood, Blackfeet, River Crow
and other Indians" in Montana by Executive Order.

July 6, 465: Palenque Maya Lord Chaacal I is born
according to the museum at Palenque.

See my photos of Palenque and the Museum here:

July 7, 1666: Robert Sanford has been exploring the
coast of South Carolina for a colony site. He has found
some friendly Indians at Port Royal. Today he sets sail
for Barbados with the nephew of the local Chief. The
Chief wants his nephew to learn the white man's ways
and language. Dr. Henry Woodward stays with the Indians
and learn their ways, thus making him the first European
settler in South Carolina. Woodward eventually becomes
the preeminent Indian agent in South Carolina.

July 8, 1724: French peace envoy Etienne Veniard de
Bourgmont has come from Fort Orleans to visit the
Indians of modern Kansas. At the mouth of the Missouri
River, he encounters the "Canza." Many of them
accompany de Bourgmont on his trip to the "Padoucas."

July 9, 1969: Members of the Passamaquoddy Nation
block road that goes through their reservation in Maine.

July 10, 1843: In 1842, the Wyandot signed a treaty
(11 Stat., 581.) giving up their lands in Ohio for
land west of the Mississippi River. Today, 674 men,
women and children start their trip from Ohio to Kansas.

July 11, 1598: Juan de Oñate’s expedition reaches the
San Juan Pueblo in modern New Mexico.

July 12, 1784: Even though he has signed a peace treaty
with the Spanish, Tonkawa Chief El Mocho is planning to
join the Texas Indians together under his leadership
and then attack the Spanish. The Spanish hear of El
Mocho's plans. In the Presidio of la Bahia, El Mocho
is shot down in the plaza by Spanish soldiers.

July 13, 1973: New Mexico is told no State Income Taxes
can be levied against reservation Indians.

July 14, 1684: Naumkeag Indian, and son of former
Sachem Wenepoykin, James Quannapowit petitions the
English of Marblehead Massachusetts. He complains
they are giving out lands which rightfully belong
to him. On September 16, 1684, a deed is finally
signed by all parties in order for the English to
hold "rightful title" to the land.

July 15, 1877: In the Weippe Prairie, east of Weippe,
Idaho, the Nez Perce hold a council to decide their
movements. The army is still trying to force them to
move to a reservation. They wish to stay free. Looking
Glass says they should go east into Montana and join
the crow. Chief Joseph (Hein-mot Too-ya-la kekt)
suggests they wait for the army here and fight it
out in their own lands. Toohoolhoolzote joins Looking
Glass in suggesting they move east into Montana.
The tribe decides to move.

See my photos of the area here:

July 16, 1862: Yesterday, as a small group of mounted
soldiers attempt to leave the Apache Pass watering hole,
Mangas, and some warriors, attack. During the fight,
Mangas is shot in the chest. The Indians abandon the
fight, with the loss of their leader. Eventually,
Cochise takes his father-in-law to Mexico, where he
holds a town hostage until a Mexican doctor heals
Mangas. This battle leads to the construction of Fort
Bowie on July 28, 1862 according to the official National
Park Service brochure. This is in modern New Mexico.

See my photos of the area here:

July 17, 1853: A dispute between a settler ad some
Paiutes near Springville, Utah leads to the death of
one of the Paiutes. This will lead to what is sometimes
called the "Walker War."

July 18, 1694: Abenaki Chief Abomazine, almost 300
Penobscot warriors, and few French attack the settlement
along the south side of the Oyster River, at modern
Durham, New Hampshire. The Indians are trying to sneak
into the village when their presence in discovered.
Some settlers escape, others retreat to fortified homes.
104 settlers are killed, and twenty-seven are taken
hostage before the Indians withdraw. Four months later,
Abomazine approaches the fort at Pemaquid, under a
white flag. He is seized by the garrison for his part
in the attack.

July 19, 1856: By this date, all of the remaining Rogue
River Indians are en route to the Grande Ronde Reservation
in Oregon. They number 1225.

July 20, 1863: General James Carleton, called "Star Chief"
by the Navajos, has ordered the Navajos to leave their
homeland and to report to the Bosque Redondo Reservation
in New Mexico. All Navajos found off the reservation,
after this date, are considered "hostiles," and will
be treated accordingly. No Navajos turn themselves in,
leading to the Canyon de Chelly Campaign, and the "Long Walk."

See my photos of the Bosque Redondo area here:

July 21, 1855: John W. Quinney, Stockbridge Chief, dies
in Stockbridge, New York. Through his efforts, his tribe
creates a constitutional system for the election of its
here-to-fore hereditary leaders. He is instrumental in
the cessation of the sell of tribal lands to Europeans.
He leads the efforts to have 460 acres of their former
lands returned by the State of New York. He is elected
Chief of the tribe in 1852.

July 22, 1863: As a followup to the "Owens Valley War"
in California, over 900 Paiutes are led to the San Sebastian Reservation
at Fort Tejon (north of Los Angeles).

July 23, 1733: José de Urrutia is appointed Captain of
San Antonio de Béxar Presidio. The Spanish acknowledged
him as one of their experts on Indians.

July 24, 1863: The Santee Sioux have engaged in an uprising
in Minnesota. Some have fled the area and made their way
into the Dakotas. General Henry Sibley and troops from
Fort Ridgley in Minnesota have pursued them. According
to reports Sibley has received, the Santee have joined
up with the Teton Sioux. Today the soldiers find an
Indian village in what is now North Dakota. According
to the army’s report, while some scouts are talking with
a couple of hundred Indians who come out to meet then,
someone shoots and kills Surgeon Josiah Weiser. The scouts
shoot at the Indian who shot the doctor, but he gets away.
More Indians arrive and start shooting. Then more
soldiers arrive and open fire. A full scale fight takes
place and some fighting lasts through early tomorrow.
It is called the "Battle of Big Mound."

July 25, 1863: As part of the Canyon de Chelly Campaign,
Kit Carson decides to force the Navajos to surrender by
destroying their food supply. He orders Major Joseph
Cummings to proceed along the Bonito River, and to seize
all livestock and crops. Anything he cannot haul way,
is burned.

See my photos of Canyon de Chelly here:

July 26, 1865: Following the massacre at Sand Creek,
many Indians begin attacking military outposts, and
people crossing their territory. A group of Cheyenne,
led by Roman Nose, want revenge for lost relatives.
They approached a bridge across the North Platte in
what is now Casper, Wyoming. The bridge is also the
site of a telegraph station and a military outpost.
After trying for two days to get the soldiers out of
the fort, a column of troops cross the bridge. The
Indians attack and kill many soldiers, including
Lieutenant Casper Collins. Another column of troops
comes to the rescue, and cannon fire from the fort helps
them escape. The soldiers left the fort to provide an
escort for an approaching wagon train. Another band of
Indians attacks the wagon train. During the fighting,
Roman Nose's brother is killed. Roman Nose lead a charge
against the wagon train and all of the soldiers guarding
it are killed. Their anger quickly dissipates, and the
Indians quit the fight, and leave the area.

July 27, 1777: Jane McCrea is killed. A painting is made
showing her about to be scalped. It becomes a famous
piece of American art.

July 28, 1756: Delaware Chief Teedyuscung, and fourteen
other chiefs, meet with Pennsylvania Governor Robert Morris,
and other Pennsylvania leaders at Easton, Pennsylvania
to discuss the Delaware uprising. Teedyuscung agrees to
visit the warring members of the tribe, and to try to
end the fighting.

July 29, 1868: After years of conflict over the Bozeman
Trail along the Powder River, the War Department finally
gives in to Indian's, and particularly Red Cloud's,
demands and starts abandoning its forts. Fort C.F. Smith’s
garrison packs-up and leaves. The fort is located near
present day Yellowtail and Big Horn Lake, in southern Montana.

July 30, 1829: In internal documents, the United States
War Department formalizes a new Indian policy. Secretary
of War John Eaton believes Indians will not be able to
survive if the live in lands surrounded by white settlers.

July 31, 1684: According to some sources, a six day
conference starts between representatives of the New York
colonies and the Mohawks, Oniedas, Onondagas and Cayugas.
Some lands are ceded and allegiances are pledged.


That's it for this month.

Stay safe,

Phil Konstantin

End of Phil Konstantin's July 2011 Newsletter


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Four of the five books I have worked on. I either wrote, co-wrote, or contributed to each of these beeks

This is the cover to my first book. 
Click here to got more info, or to order a copy. Click on the cover to order a copy or to get more info.
This Day in North American Indian History
This Day in North American Indian History is a one-of-a-kind, vastly entertaining and informative book covering over 5000 years of North American Indian history, culture, and lore. Wide-ranging, it covers over 4,000 important events involving the native peoples of North America in a unique day-by-day format.

The thousands of entries in This Day in North American Indian History weave a compelling and comprehensive mosaic of North American Indian history spanning more than five millennia-every entry an exciting opening into the fascinating but little- known history of American Indians.

Over 100 photographs and illustrations - This book has 480 pages, weighs 2.2 pounds and is 8" by 9.5" in size. The Dates, Names and "Moons" section of these pages are based on the book.

This is the cover to my 4th book. 
Click here to got more info, or to order a copy or to get more info.
This is the cover to my 4th book. Click here to got more info, or to order a copy or to get more info."

Native American History For Dummies

I wrote six of the twenty-four chapters in this book. I am credited with being the technical editor. Book Description:
Native American History For Dummies introduces readers to the thousand-year-plus history of the first inhabitants of North America and explains their influence on the European settlement of the continent. Covering the history and customs of the scores of tribes that once populated the land, this friendly guide features vivid studies of the lives of such icons as Pocahontas, Sitting Bull, and Sacagawea; discusses warfare and famous battles, offering new perspectives from both battle lines; and includes new archaeological and forensic evidence, as well as oral histories that show events from the perspective of these indigenous peoples. The authors worked in concert with Native American authorities, institutions, and historical experts to provide a wide range of insight and information.
This is the cover to my 3rd book. 
Click here to got more info, or to order a copy or to get more info.
This is the cover to my 3rd book. Click here to got more info, or to order a copy or to get more info
Treaties With American Indians I wrote an article and several appendix items for this book.
Clips from a review on Amazon.com: *Starred Review* In the 93 years from 1778 until 1871, there were more than 400 treaties negotiated by Indian agents and government officials. Editor Fixico and more than 150 contributors have crafted a three volume comprehensive tool that will soon become essential for anyone interested in the topic. A resource section with lists of ?Alternate Tribal Names and Spellings,? ?Tribal Name Meanings,? (<---- I wrote this part) Treaties by Tribe,? and ?Common Treaty Names? and a bibliography and comprehensive index are repeated in each volume. This impressive set has a place in any academic library that supports a Native American studies or American history curriculum. It is the most comprehensive source of information on Canadian-Indian treaties and U.S.-Indian treaties. Also available as an e-book.

"The Wacky World of Laws"
It was just released in May 2009.
The Wacky World of Laws. Click on the cover to order a copy or to get more info.

The Wacky World of Laws is a compilation of U.S. and International Laws that are out of the ordinary. With the U.S. churning out 500,000 new laws every year and 2 million regulations annually, this book is the ideal go-to book fro everyone who wants a good laugh at the expense of our legal system. Law so often can be boring! Now with The Wacky World of Laws, you can be the hit of any water cooler conversation, and amaze your friends with precious legal nuggets.

I wrote most of this book. It is my fifth book.

(copyright, © Phil Konstantin, 1996-2013)

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