July 2007 Newsletter from
"This Day in North American Indian History"
by Phil Konstantin
Copyright © Phil Konstantin (1996-2010)

Click Here To Return To The Previous Website

Start of Phil Konstantin's July 2007 Newsletter - Part 1


I apologize if you have received multiple copies of this newsletter. The
system has not been working properly. So, I do not know if any of them
have gone through.

As I mentioned last month, I was writing several chapters for an
upcoming book in the "Dummies" series. Specifically, it is "Native
American History For Dummies."

Yes, I know. I do not like the phrase 'native American' to describe
"American Indians." The main writer of the book and I both bring that
issue up several times in the book.

I eventually wrote six chapters:
Chapter 2: The Great Migrations - The emigration of native peoples from
Asia to North America. The latest findings, and the unanswered

Chapter 3: The Development of the Ancient Cultures - Ancient cultures
left behind evidence of who they were and how they lived.

Chapter 4: Hardly a Vast Wasteland: America Before 1492 - Columbus
didn’t discover anything ... he simply arrived at a continent already
teeming with life.

Chapter 5: Settling Down: Tribal Settlements after the Great Migrations
- As function follows form, so did natural resources dictate migration
patterns for Native Americans.

Chapter 6: The Five Civilized Tribes & Other Major Tribes of the Past -
The largest and most influential tribal nations and the differences
between them.

Chapter 8: The Spanish and French Stake Their Claim - Spain and France
dominated the New World and its people in the days after Columbus.
That adds up to about 40,000 words in about 18 days. They were in a
rush. The plan is for the book to be out sometime in October.

In any case, that explains why I did not do a regular newsletter last
month. My brain was already turning to mush as it was.



Link Of The Month for July 2007:

While I was doing research for book that I am co-authoring, I came
across several very interesting websites. Here is one of them. It is a
book which can be read online.

"Ceremonial Costumes of the Pueblo Indians - Their Evolution,
Fabrication, and Significance in the Prayer Drama"





The Treaty Of The Month is TREATY WITH THE WYANDOT, ETC., 1814. July 22,
1814. (7 Stat., 118)
Ratified, Dec. 13, 1814. Proclaimed Dec. 21, 1814.

It covers such subjects as: Peace given to the Miami nation, etc.
Aid to be given to United States in the war with Great Britain.
Protection of United States acknowledged.
United States will establish the boundaries, etc.

You can read a transcript of it here:




From Pinecone Basham:

Lessons on Life

There was an Indian Chief who had four sons. He wanted his sons to learn
not to judge things too quickly. So he sent them each on a quest, in
turn, to go and look at a pear tree that was a great distance away.

The first son went in the winter, the second in the spring, the third in
summer, and the youngest son in the fall.

When they had all gone and come back, he called them together to
describe what they had seen.

The first son said that the tree was ugly, bent, and twisted.

The second son said no it was covered with green buds and full of

The third son disagreed; he said it was laden with blossoms that smelled
so sweet and looked so beautiful, it was the most graceful thing he had
ever seen.

The last son disagreed with all of them; he said it was ripe and
drooping with fruit, full of life and fulfillment.

The man then explained to his sons that they were all right, because
they had each seen but only one season in the tree's life.

He told them that you cannot judge a tree, or a person, by only one
season, and that the essence of who they are and the pleasure, joy, and
love that come from that life can only be measured at the end, when all
the seasons are up.

If you give up when it's winter, you will miss the promise of your
spring, the beauty of your summer, fulfillment of your fall.


Don't let the pain of one season destroy the joy of all the rest.

Don't judge life by one difficult season.

Persevere through the difficult patches and better times are sure to
come some time

Live Simply. Love Generously. Care Deeply. Speak Kindly. Leave the Rest
to God.

Happiness keeps You Sweet, Trials keep You Strong,
Sorrows keep You Human, Failures keep You Humble,
Success keeps You Glowing, But Only God keeps You Going!


From Bev Fox:

Canadian North Cookbook
“Fear Factor” Recipes from Canada’s far north…

[Excerpts from “The Northern Cookbook” - a now out-of-print 1967
Canadian government publication of backwoods recipes from native &
non-native peoples in Canada’s far north…]

Baked Skunk
Clean, skin, wash. Bake in oven with salt and pepper. Tastes like rabbit
(no smell).

Bear Fat Pastry
1-1/2 cups flour, ½ tsp. salt, 1/3 cup bear fat (from a little black
bear that was eating berries). Makes rich white pastry.

Boiled Bone Grease
Boil whatever bones are left after all the meat has been cut off. Boil
them all in a big pot for two hours. Then let the grease get cold in the
pot. It is easy to pick the grease off. Keep the grease to eat with dry
meat or add to pounded meat.

Boiled Lynx
Cut up the lynx and boil it until it is soft and well cooked. Good to
eat with muktuk.

Boiled Porcupine
Make a fire outside and put the porcupine in it to burn off the quills.
Wash and clean well. Cut up and boil until done.

Boiled Reindeer Head
Skin and wash the head well. Then chop it in quarters, splitting it
between the eyes with an axe. Cover with cold water and boil until soft.
One can also roast in an open pan in an oven very slowly.

Boiled Reindeer Or Caribou Hoofs
Put hoofs (skin still on them) in a large pot. Cover and boil for a
couple of hours. The skin will peal off easily. The muscles are soft and
very good to eat. The toe nails also have some soft sweet meat inside

Boiled Reindeer Tongues
Boil tongues until thoroughly cooked. Potatoes and vegetables are good
with this.

Boiled Smoked Beaver
Smoke the beaver for a day or so. Cut up the meat and boil it with
salted water until done.

Dry Fish Pudding
Pound up 5 to 6 dry fish. Throw away skin. Add sugar, a little grease,
and cranberries.

Frozen Fish Eggs
Take fish eggs out and freeze them. They are good to eat like this.

Grizzly Bear Steaks
Cut up meat as for frying and fry in deep grease in frying pan.

Jellied Moose Nose
Cut the upper jaw bone of the moose just below the eyes. Boil in a large
kettle for 45 minutes. Remove and chill. Pull out all the hairs (like
plucking a duck) and wash until none remain. Place nose in a kettle and
cover with fresh water. Add onion, garlic, spices, and vinegar. Bring to
a boil, then reduce heat and simmer until meat is tender. Let cool
overnight. When cool, discard the bones and cartilage. You will have
white meat from the bulb of the nose and dark meat from the bones and
jowls. Slice thinly and alternate layers of white and dark meat in a
loaf pan. Let cool until jelly has set. Slice and serve cold.

Muktuk (meat inside skin and fat of a whale)
After taken from whale, leave 2 days hanging up to dry. Cut into 6” x 6”
pieces. Cook until tender. After cooked, keep in a cool place in a
45-gallon drum of oil, in order to have muktuk all year.

Muskrat Tails
Cut off the tails and dip them into very hot water. Pull off the fur.
Either cook them on top of the stove, turning them on top of the stove,
turning them after a few minutes, or boil them. (This is the same method
as for beaver tails. Both are very sticky to eat.)

Oven-Roasted Lynx
Wash and clean the hind legs of the lynx and roast it with lard and a
little water.

Steamed Muskrat Legs
Cut off the muskrat’s legs, dip in a bowl of flour with salt, pepper,
and other strong seasoning. Put grease into a large frying pan. Put in
the muskrat legs. Cover and cook for a long time as they take long to
become tender. The strong seasoning takes away the actual taste of the

Stuffed Muskrat
Clean the rats well and put them in a roaster with bread stuffing on
top. Roast until the muskrats are soft.
Delete Reply Forward Spam


Humor and other interesting items:

From my daughter Sarah:

Eliminate ear mites. All it takes is a few drops of Wesson corn oil in
your cat's ear...Massage it in, then clean with a cotton ball. Repeat
daily for 3 days. The oil soothes the cat's skin, smothers the mites,
and accelerates healing.

Kills fleas instantly...Dawn dishwashing liquid does the trick. Add a
few drops to your dog's bath and shampoo the animal thoroughly. Rinse
well to avoid skin irritations. Good-bye fleas.

Rainy day cure for dog odor Next time your dog comes in from the rain,
simply wipe down the animal with Bounce or any dryer sheet, instantly
making your dog smell springtime fresh.
Did You Know that drinking two glasses of Gatorade can relieve headache
pain almost immediately without the unpleasant side effects caused by
traditional "pain relievers."

Did you know that Colgate toothpaste makes an excellent salve for burns

Before you head to the drugstore for a high-priced inhaler filled with
mysterious chemicals, try chewing on a couple of curiously strong
Altoids peppermints. They'll clear up your stuffed nose.

Achy muscles from a bout of the flu?   Mix 1 Tablespoon of horseradish
in 1 cup of olive oil. Let the mixture sit for 30 minutes, then apply it
as massage oil, for instant relief for aching muscles.

Sore throat? Just mix 1/4 cup of vinegar with 1/4 cup of honey and take
1 tablespoon six times a day. The vinegar kills the bacteria.

Cure urinary tract infections with Alka-Seltzer. Just dissolve two
tablets in a glass of water and drink it at the onset of the symptoms.
Alka-Seltzer begins eliminating urinary tract infections almost
instantly-- even though the product was never been advertised for this

Honey remedy for skin blemishes. Cover the blemish with a dab of honey
and place a Band-Aid over it. Honey kills the bacteria, keeps the skin
sterile, and speeds healing. Works overnight.

Listerine therapy for toenail fungus. Get rid of unsightly toenail
fungus by soaking your toes in Listerine mouthwash. The powerful
antiseptic leaves your toenails looking healthy again.

Easy eyeglass protection... To prevent the screws in eyeglasses from
loosening, apply a small drop of Maybelline Crystal Clear nail polish to
the threads of the screws before tightening them.

Cleaning liquid that doubles as bug killer .. If menacing bees, wasps,
hornets, or yellow jackets get in your home and you can't find the
insecticide, try a spray of Formula 409. Insects drop to the ground

Smart splinter remover. Just pour a drop of Elmer's Glue-All over the
splinter, let dry, and peel the dried glue off the skin. The splinter
sticks to the dried glue.

Hunt's tomato paste boil cure. cover the boil with Hunt's tomato paste
as a compress. The acids from the tomatoes soothe the pain and bring the
boil to a head.

Balm for broken blisters... To disinfect a broken blister, dab on a few
drops of Listerine a powerful antiseptic.

Vinegar to heal bruises ... Soak a cotton ball in white vinegar and
apply it to the bruise for 1 hour. The vinegar reduces the blueness and
speeds up the healing process

Quaker Oats for fast pain relief. It's not for breakfast any more! Mix 2
cups of Quaker Oats and 1 cup of water in a bowl and warm in the
microwave for 1 minute, cool slightly, and apply the mixture to your
hands for soothing relief from arthritis pain.


Also from Sarah:

A sweet grandmother telephoned Mount Sinai Hospital. She timidly
asked, "Is it possible to speak to someone who can tell me how a
patient is doing?"

The operator said, "I'll be glad to help, Dear. What's the name and
room number?"

The grandmother in her weak tremulous voice said, "Holly Finkel, room

The Operator replied, "Let me check. Oh, good news. Her records say
that Holly is doing very well. Her blood pressure is fine; her blood
work came back normal and her physician, Dr. Cohen, has scheduled her to
be discharged Tuesday."

The Grandmother said, "Thank you. That's wonderful! I was so worried!
God bless you for the good news."

The operator replied, "You're more than welcome. Is Holly your

The Grandmother said, "No, I'm Holly Finkel in 302. No one tells me


From my Mother:

Subject: The zen of mowing the lawn...

As told from the husband's point of view:

When our lawn mower broke and wouldn't run, my wife kept hinting
to me that I should get it fixed. But, somehow I always had something
else to take care of first, the truck, the car, playing golf - always
something more important to me.

Finally she thought of a clever way to make her point. When I
arrived home one day, I found her seated in the tall grass, busily
snipping away with a tiny pair of sewing scissors. I watched silently
for a short time and then went into the house. I was gone only a minute,
and when I came out again I handed her a toothbrush.

I said, "When you finish cutting the grass, you might as well sweep the

The doctors say I will walk again, but I will always have a limp.

*Moral to this story : Marriage is a relationship in which one person is
always right, and the other is the husband.


From my cousin Sally Gill:


Three contractors are bidding to fix a broken fence at the White House
in D.C..

One from New Jersey, another from Tennessee and the third, Florida.
They go with a White House official to examine the fence.

The Florida contractor takes out a tape measure and does some
measuring, then works some figures with a pencil.

"Well," he says, "I figure the job will run about $900:

$400 for materials, $400 for my crew and $100 profit for me."

The Tennessee contractor also does some measuring and figuring, then
says, I can do this job for $700:

$300 for materials, $300 for my crew and $100 profit for me."

The New Jersey contractor doesn't measure or figure, but leans over
to the White House official and whispers, "$2,700."

The official, incredulous, says, "You didn't even measure like the
other guys! How did you come up with such a high figure?"

The New Jersey contractor whispers back, "$1,000 for me, $1,000 for
you, and we hire the guy from Tennessee to fix the fence."

"Done!" replies the government official.


From Ed Clark:

Subject: Even if you dislike attorneys

Even if you dislike attorneys ... you will love them for these

Read this and make a copy for your files in case you need to
refer to it someday. Maybe we should all take some of his advice! A
corporate Attorney sent the following out to the employees in his

1. Do not sign the back of your credit cards. Instead, put

2.   When you are writing checks to pay on your credit card
accounts, DO NOT put the complete account number on the "For"
line. Instead, just put the last four numbers. The credit card company
knows the rest of the number, and anyone who might be handling your
check as it passes through all the check processing channels won't have
access to it.

3. Put your work phone # on your checks instead of your home phone.
If you have a PO Box use that instead of your home address. If you do
not have a PO Box, use your work address. Never have your SS# printed
on your checks (DUH!) You can add it if it is necessary. But if you have
it printed, anyone can get it.

4. Place the contents of your wallet on a photocopy machine.
Do both sides of each license, credit card, etc. You will know what you
had in your wallet and all of the account numbers and phone numbers to
call and cancel. Keep the photocopy in a safe place. I also carry a
photocopy of my passport when I travel either here or abroad. We've all
heard horror stories about fraud that's committed on us in stealing a
name, address, Social Security number, credit cards.

Unfortunately, I, an attorney, have firsthand knowledge because
my wallet was stolen last month. Within a week, the thieve(S) ordered an
expensive monthly cell phone package, applied for a VISA credit card,
had a credit line approved to buy a Gateway computer, received a PIN
number from DMV to change my driving record information online, and
more. But here's some critical information to limit the damage in case
this happens to you or someone you know:

5. We have been told we should cancel our credit cards
immediately. But the key is having the toll free numbers and your card
numbers handy so you know whom to call. Keep those where you can find

6. File a police report immediately in the jurisdiction where
your credit cards, etc., were stolen. This proves to credit providers
you were diligent, and this is a first step toward an investigation (if
there ever is one).

But here's what is perhaps most important of all: (I never even thought
to do this.)

7. Call the 3 national credit reporting organizations
immediately to place a fraud alert on your name and also call the Social
Security fraud line number. I had never heard of doing that until
advised by a bank that called to tell me an application for credit was
made over the Internet in my name. The alert means any company that
checks your credit knows your information was stolen, and they have to
contact you by phone to authorize new credit.

By the time I was advised to do this, almost two weeks after the theft,
all the damage had been done. There are records of all the credit checks
initiated by the thieves' purchases, none of which I knew about before
placing the alert. Since then, no additional damage has been done, and
the thieves threw my wallet away this weekend (someone turned it in). It
seems to have stopped them dead in their tracks.

Now, here are the numbers you always need to contact about your wallet,
if it has been stolen:

1.) Equifax:         800-525-6285
2.) Experian (formerly TRW): 888-397-3742
3.) Trans Union : 800-6807289
4.) Social Security Administration (fraud line):800-269-0271

We pass along jokes on the Internet; we pass along just about
everything. If you are willing to pass this information along, it could
really help someone that you care about.


Also from Ed Clark:

I was driving with my three young children one warm summer
evening when a woman in the convertible ahead of us stood up
and waved. She was stark naked! As I was reeling from the
shock, I heard my 5-year-old shout from the back seat, "Mom!
That lady isn't wearing a seat belt!"

On the first day of school, a first-grader handed his teacher
a note from his mother. The note read, "The opinions expressed
by this child are not necessarily those of his parents."

A woman was trying hard to get the ketchup out of the jar.
During her struggle the phone rang so she asked her 4-year-old daughter
to answer the phone. "Mommy can't come to the phone
to talk to you right now. She's hitting the bottle."

A little boy got lost at the YMCA and found himself in the
women's locker room. When he was spotted, the room burst into
shrieks, with ladies grabbing towels and running for cover.
The little boy watched in amazement and then asked, "What's
the matter, haven't you ever seen a little boy before?"

5) POLICE # 1
While taking a routine vandalism report at an elementary school,
I was interrupted by a little girl about 6 years old. Looking up
and down at my uniform, she asked, "Are you a cop?" "Yes," I
answered and continued writing the report. "My mother said if
I ever needed help I should ask the police. Is that right?"
"Yes, that's right," I told her. "Well, then," she said as she extended
her foot toward me, "would you please tie my shoe?"

6) POLICE # 2
It was the end of the day when I parked my police van in front
of the station. As I gathered my equipment, my K-9 partner,
Jake, was barking, and I saw a little boy staring in at me "Is
that a dog you got back there?" he asked. "It sure is," I
replied. Puzzled, the boy looked at me and then towards the
back of the van. Finally he said, "What'd he do?"

While working for an organization that delivers lunches to
elderly shut-ins, I used to take my 4-year-old daughter on my afternoon
rounds. She was unfailingly intrigued by the various appliances of old
age, particularly the canes, walkers and wheelchairs. One day I found
her staring at a pair of false
teeth soaking in a glass. As I braced myself for the inevitable barrage
of questions, she merely turned and whispered, "The
tooth fairy will never believe this!"

A little girl was watching her parents dress for a party. When
she saw her dad donning his tuxedo, she warned, "Daddy, you
shouldn't wear that suit." "And why not, darling?" "You know
that it always gives you a headache the next morning. "

While walking along the sidewalk in front of his church, our
minister heard the intoning of a prayer that nearly made his
collar wilt. Apparently, hi s 5-year-old son and his playmates
had found a dead robin. Feeling that proper burial should be performed,
they had secured a small box and cotton batting,
then dug a hole and made ready for the disposal of the deceased.
The minister's son was chosen to say the appropriate prayers
and with sonorous dignity intoned his version of what he
thought his father always said: "Glory be unto the Faaather,
and unto the Sonnn, and into the hole he goooes."

A little girl had just finished her first week of school.
"I'm just wasting my time," she said to her mother. "I can't
read, I can't write and they won't let me talk!"

A little boy opened the big family bible. He was fascinated as
he fingered through the old pages. Suddenly, something fell out
of the Bible. He picked up the object and looked at it. What
he saw was an old leaf that had been pressed in between the
pages. "Mama, look what I found," the boy called out. "What
have you got there, dear?" With astonishment in the young
boy's voice, he answered, "I think it's Adam's underwear."


News Articles:

Geronimo's family call on Bush to help return his skeleton

Old chicken bones show Polynesians came to Chile

Early Surveys

Comanche: The Horse that Survived the Battle of the Little Bighorn,
Part 1

Indians complain graves dug up for border fence

'Water is life' on film

Gila River community traces roots to Hohokam

For some, greeting solstice at Papago a tradition

Indian leaders focus on holy sites

Homolovi Ruins State Park, A Day Trip from Sedona Arizona, Presents
Suvoyuki Day

Ancient home has answers underground

Researchers find 'first gun victim'

Living History: Utahns lay grounds to explore Anasazi ruins

SiteWatch keeps historic treasures from harm

Navajos nurture traditions in remote Canyon de Chelly

Secret of the bones: Mormon settlers may have executed Indians in 1853

O'odham artifacts find new home

Mission to Menard

Geronimo's family call on Bush to help return his skeleton

Vandalism of petroglyphs spurs probe

Climate Change Linked To Origins Of Agriculture In Mexico

Preserved seeds restore aboriginal food systems

For Phoenix, as for Hohokams, rise is just like the fall

Demise of ancient people a harbinger for Valley

New Clovis-Age Comet Impact Theory

Ancient Tribe at a Crossroads

"FIRST FOOTSTEPS"; Exhibit Recognizes Forgotten Chapter in History:
Coronado's First Inhabitants, The Coastal Kumeyaay Indians

Sacred site focus of tribal tug of war

Cocopahs preserve ages-old tradition of beading

The education of President Bush

Newcomb: The United States' fancy footwork on the Western Shoshone

Eastern Shore's Accohannock tribe is trying to revive its native

Immigration Reform Bill Ignores the “First” Americans

'Earth Mother getting angry' - American Indians fight climate change

Border war through indigenous eyes

Tribal officials say they'll stress communication

Tribal Purge - State Dems back gambling-rich Indians’ greedy wars of


House Appropriations Subcommittee Recommends Near Doubling of Native
Language Program Funding

Toxic Waste Litters Indian Reservation

Are California's Tribal Disenrollments The Beginning Of The End of
Tribal Sovereignty?


Notices: (As always, use your own judgement as to how legit these
notices are.

The Santa Barbara Museum of Natural History

The Human Experience: John Trudell & Bad Dog

Saturday, July 28
8:00 PM; Fleischmann Auditorium

The dangerous poetry and visionary music of John Trudell
was forged by an extraordinary life, lived out in heart of
the land and its people. Born of mixed tribal blood, John
grew up in and around the Santee Sioux reservation near his
hometown of Omaha, Nebraska. The struggle against economic
and cultural deprivation would, in time, become the raw
material for his uncompromising artistic vision.


Peace River Festival Returns To The Pine Ridge Reservation

July 13, 14 & 15, 2007
Kiza Park, Manderson, SD

In September, 2006 the first Peace Is Like A River Festival
was held at Kiza Park in Manderson , South Dakota , on the
Pine Ridge Indian Reservation. Now, Peace/River Two is
scheduled for July 13, 14 & 15, 2007.

Native American poets, activists, musicians & allies gathered
from all over the United States & Canada to speak about issues affecting
Indigenous nations.

The mission of Peace/River is to build awareness for issues
that continue to affect the people of Pine Ridge and First
Nations' around the country & Canada . All of the poets,
activists, musicians and guests who participate believe in
the causes of tribal sovereignty, protection of sacred spaces,
preservation of environment, culture & language; and prison
reform. These are the 4 core issues that Peace/River focuses
on each year.

Each of the artists, speakers & guests come to Pine Ridge
at their own expense and have traveled from far away places
like: Washington State , Oregon , New Mexico , Vermont ,
Minnesota and elsewhere. Peace/River’s founder has been able
to modestly supplement travel expenses, but that is all.
We want to acknowledge and appreciate every artists’ talents
and credentials and their generosity in coming to Pine Ridge
to share their artistry, passion and wisdom with us.

Featured at this year’s festival are:
Jimmy Santiago Baca – Born in New Mexico of Indio-Mexican
descent, Jimmy Santiago Baca was raised first by his
grandmother and later sent to an orphanage. A runaway at
age 13, it was after Baca was sentenced to five years in
a maximum security prison that he began to turn his life
around: He learned to read and write and unearthed a
voracious passion for poetry. During a fateful conflict
with another inmate, Jimmy was shaken by the voices of
Neruda and Lorca, and made a choice that would alter his
destiny. Instead of becoming a hardened criminal, he
emerged from prison a writer. Baca sent three of his poems
to Denise Levertov, the poetry editor of Mother Jones. The
poems were published and became part of Immigrants in Our
Own Land, published in 1979, the year he was released from
prison. He earned his GED later that same year. He is the
winner of the Pushcart Prize, the American Book Award, the International
Hispanic Heritage Award and for his memoir A
Place to Stand the prestigious International Award. In 2006
he won the Cornelius P. Turner Award. The national award
recognizes one GED graduate a year who has made outstanding
contributions to society in education, justice, health,
public service and social welfare.

Baca has devoted his post-prison life to writing and teaching
others who are overcoming hardship. His themes include
American Southwest barrios, addiction, injustice, education, community,
love and beyond. He has conducted hundreds of
writing workshops in prisons, community centers, libraries,
and universities throughout the country.

In 2005 he created Cedar Tree Inc., a nonprofit foundation
that works to give people of all walks of life the opportunity
to become educated and improve their lives. Cedar Tree
provides free instruction, books, writing material and
scholarships. Cedar Tree has an ongoing writing workshop
in the Albuquerque Women’s Prison and at the South Valley
Community Center. Cedar Tree also has an Internship program
that provides live-in writing scholarships at Wind River
Ranch, and in the south valley of Albuquerque. The program
allows students, writers and poets the opportunity to write,
attend poetry readings, conduct writing workshops, and work
on documentary film production.

Baca is currently finishing a novel, a play and three poetry manuscripts
to be published in 2007. He is also producing a
two hour documentary about the power of literature and how it
can change lives.

Chrystos - was born in San Francisco, CA, in 1946. She is
of mixed-blood ancestry but identifies with her father, who
was of Menominee ancestry. Her motherr's heritage was Lithuanian/Alsace
Lorraine. Instead of growing up on the
reservation, she was reared in the city around black, Latino,
Asian, and white people and identifies herself as an Urban
Indian. Since 1980, she has been living on Bainbridge Island,

Chrystos is a self-educated writer as well as an artist who
designs the covers of her own books. Her work as a Native
land and treaty rights activist has been widely recognized,
and politics are an essential part of her writing, though
she refuses to be taken as a "voice" of Native women or as
a "spiritual leader." She is also working toward freedom for imprisoned
Indian activists Leonard Peltier and Norma Jean
Croy. The other dominant aspect of her work is her identity
as a lesbian, which she is outspoken about and personalizes
in her love-and-lust poems.

Her works have appeared in a number of anthologies, such as
This Bridge Called My Back: Writings by Radical Women of
Color (1981) and Living the Spirit: A Gay American Indian
Anthology (1988). She was the winner of the Audre Lorde
International Poetry Competition in 1994 and of the Sappho
Award of Distinction from the Astraea National Lesbian Action Foundation
in 1995.

Chrystos also feels a collective responsibility for Native
people. Her political poems fight against the forced
invisibility and silence of Native Americans as well as
their abuse by the dominant culture. In "My Baby Brother,"
she depicts her brother as an escapist heroin addict without
any connection to his heritage (Not Vanishing, 20).

In "Vision: Bundle," she talks about the white commercialization
of Native beliefs and artifacts: "They have our bundles split
open in museums/our dresses & shirts at auctions/our languages
on tape/our stories in locked rare book libraries/our dances
on film/The only part of us they can't steal/is what we know"
(Not Vanishing, 21).

Even though Chrystos may be better known for her many
political poems, her erotic poems are lyrically beautiful
and full of unique imagery. Because of their allusions and
sensual quality, Barbara Dale May calls these poems "delicious reading."

Amanda Takes War Bonnet – Amanda Takes War Bonnet, former
editor of Lakota Times and Indian Country Today, is an award
winning editor and is the Publisher and Editor of the Lakota
Country Times.

The Ozark Mountain Music Band - Fronted by Betty Aitchison
Adams, a former minister's wife from Martin, SD, Ms. Adams
and her band have played throughout the Northwest and in
country, bluegrass & gospel music festivals and venues across
the United States. Ms. Adams is also a passionate advocate
for prison reform and is personally involved in the request
to South Dakota Governor Mike Rounds for clemency for Timothy
S. Caffrey - a Lakota man adopted as an infant by a White
family and raised by an alcoholic, abusive father. Caffrey
is serving a life sentence for manslaughter. Caffrey has
been incarcerated in the South Dakota State Penitentiary
since he was 17 years old. He is now 45 and has been
recommended for parole twice. He has been granted another
hearing by the South Dakota State Parole Board again this

Additional artists & speakers may be added.

There will also be a Poetry Slam Competition featuring youth
from area high schools and Oglala Lakota College . Cash prizes
for the top 3 student poets will be awarded.

The event is in its second year and is hosted by the White
Plume family. Peace/River is held over 3 days beginning
Friday evening, July 13th . Live music, speakers, and the
main performers are scheduled to appear, Saturday, July 14th .
The Festival concludes, Sunday morning, July 15th .

The event is free and open to everyone. A free community
meal will be served Saturday, July 14th Camping at Kiza
Park is available for a fee. Contact Alex or Percy White
Plume to reserve a camping space. (KIZA PARK RULES APPLY –

Mary L. Collins
Vermont Office
mlcollins @ charter.net


Alexandria White Plume
Manderson, South Dakota Office
tae_jo @ hotmail.com


This comes from Juan Castellanos
Indian Human Resource Center

funds are being returned to donating companies.

*A large amount of scholarship money that has been set
aside by companies for deserving minority students are
either collecting dust of or being returned to businesses because of a
lack of interest.

The following is a list of scholarships and their
Web addresses to pass along to friends and family members with
college-bound kids so that this free money will not go to waste.

1) Bell Labs Fellowships for under-represented minorities
2) Student Inventors Scholarships
3) Student Video Scholarships
4) Coca-Cola Two-Year College Scholarships
5) Holocaust Remembrance Scholarships
6) Ayn Rand Essay Scholarships
7) Brand Essay Competition

8) Gates Millennium Scholarships
9) Xerox Scholarships for Students
10) Sports Scholarships and Internships
11) National Assoc. of Black Journalists Scholarships
12) Saul T. Wilson Scholarships (Veterinary)
13) Thurgood Marshall Scholarship Fund
14) Fin Aid: The Smart Students Guide to Financial Aid
15) Presidential Freedom Scholarships
16) Microsoft Scholarship Program
17) Wired Scholar Free Scholarship Search

18) Hope Scholarships & Lifetime Credits
19) William Randolph Hearst Endowed Scholarship for
Minority Students
20) Multiple List of Minority Scholarships
21) Guaranteed Scholarships
22) BOEING scholarships
23) Easley National Scholarship Program
24) Maryland Artists Scholarships
26) Jacki Tuckfield Memorial Graduate Business
Scholarship (for AfrAm students in South Florida)
27) Historically Black College & University Scholarships
28) Actuarial Scholarships for Minority Students
29) International Students Scholarships & Aid Help
30) College Board Scholarship Search
31) Burger King Scholarship Program
32) Siemens Westinghouse Competition
33) GE and LuLac Scholarship Funds
34) CollegeNet's Scholarship Database
35) Union Sponsored Scholarships and Aid
36) Federal Scholarships & Aid Gateways 25 Scholarships Excel
37) Scholarship & Financial Aid Help
38) Scholarship Links (Ed Finance Group)
39) FAFSA On The Web
40) Aid & Resources For Re-Entry Students
41) Scholarships and Fellowships
42) Scholarships for Study in Paralegal Studies
43) HBCU Packard Sit Abroad Scholarships
44) Scholarship and Fellowship Opportunities
45) INROADS internships
46) ACT-SO "Olympics of the Mind" Scholarships
47) Black Alliance for Educational Options Scholarships
48) ScienceNet Scholarship Listing
49) Graduate Fellowships For Minorities Nationwide
50) Rhodes Scholarships at Oxford
51) The Roothbert Scholarship Fund

Rachel Garza Carreón
Recruitment and Outreach Librarian
University of Iowa Libraries
Iowa City, IA 52242
phone: 319-335-6441
rachel-carreon @ uiowa.edu


Women Empowering Women for Indian Nations


International Society for the Protection of Mustangs and Burros
Enjoy the slide show of our three wild herds


Civil Rights Organizations Ensure Every Student in the Nation is
Prepared for Success

Washington, D.C. – Nine of the nation’s major organizations representing
communities of color today announced
a historic partnership, a year in the making, to ensure
that America’s secondary schools have the capacity and
motivation to prepare every student for graduation, college,
work, and life.

The Campaign for High School Equity boasts a diverse
membership, particularly known and respected for their
leadership and historic roles in the civil rights movement.
They are: the Leadership Conference on Civil Rights
Education Fund, the League of United Latin American
Citizens, the Mexican American Legal Defense and Educational
Fund, the National Association for the Advancement of
Colored People, the National Association of Latino Elected
and Appointed Officials Educational Fund, the National
Council of La Raza, the National Indian Education Association,
the National Urban League, and the Southeast Asia Resource
Action Center. The convener and coordinator of the Campaign
is the Alliance for Excellent Education, a national policy
and advocacy organization that focuses on improving the
country’s secondary schools.

Robin Butterfield spoke for the National Indian Education
Association. “NIEA firmly believes that education equality is the
birthright of all Native children and, as such, helps to form the
cultural and language legacies of our families, communities, and tribal
nations,” she expressed.

The Campaign for High School Equity will make sure that
excellent education will be found in every classroom through
research and participation. Robin Butterfield told the
two-hundred news conference attendees, “Native students
perform better academically when they are taught in a manner
that is consistent with their traditions, languages, and
cultures.” Other organizations shared their concerns with
insufficient funds and opportunities in their communities.

The goals of the Campaign for High School Equity are to provide
a unique and important perspective on federal and national
education policy issues critical to high school reform. This partnership
will address the need and options for serious
reforms in high school education and be a strong part in
building strategic advocacy activities for changes that
produce positive outcomes for students of color and
low-income students. Founded in 1969, The National Indian
Education Association is membership based organization
committed to increasing educational opportunities and resources
for American Indian, Alaska Native, and Native Hawaiian
students while protecting our cultural and linguistic

For more information about the Campaign for High School
Equity, or to download a copy of A Plan for Success,
please visit:


Casting Call

Native American Females

New York City Theatre

Equity/Union (AEA) production (waivers are possible)

Pay:   $350/week

Location: An ensemble-based theatre company in New York City that
creates work collaboratively.

Age: Women in their 30s or 40's

No travel and lodging are being provided for this opportunity

Candidates should have experience with experimental work, or be
comfortable in a highly collaborative setting.

This play is very physical, physical actor training or a strong
physical presence and an interest in learning is necessary -
there is a lot of Suzuki, Viewpoints, Butoh, and Commedia dell'Arte.
Body type is not an issue.

The role is a woman with diabetes.

Send headshots and resumes with contact information to Tara at
TijerLilyCo @ yahoo.com.

Tara J. Ryan
Tijer Lily Co
A Native American Arts and Entertainment Company

Chihowa Aiyameta Talhofa


From Linda Turnbull- Lewis:

Here's your chance to vote for a great group of young
children. Show them how proud and how highly you think
of them. These children are representatives of many of you
and I(Cherokee or not), lets give them our support. Please

The Cherokee National Youth Choir have been nominated in
the following groups:

Duo or Group, Song Single, Record, Gospel, Country, and Folk

Let's not forget Mary K Henderson and Jeffrey Parker who
have been nominated
for Producer, please vote for them too.

So take the time and go to www.nativeamericanmusicawards.com
and vote.

Please pass this to your email list of friends so they'll
have chance to vote also.


Mom of choir member


Here are some randomly picked historical events for July

July 1, 1833: According to an army report, by this date, the
army estimates they have captured all of the "hostile"
Creek Indians, except for the warriors from Hitchiti, and
Yuchi, led by Jim Henry.

July 2, 1791: The treaty (7 stat.39) with the Cherokee
Nation is concluded on the Holston River at White's Fort,
modern Knoxville Tennessee. The Cherokee acknowledge the
sovereignty of the United States. Prisoners are restored on
both sides. Boundary lines are officially established. A
merican citizens are allowed to use a road from the Washington District,
to the Mero District on the Tennessee River
without molestation. The United States will have the sole
right to regulate trade with the Cherokee. No whites can
live, or hunt on Cherokee lands, without Cherokee approval.
Annual payments increase from $1000, to $1500 on February 17,
1792. The treaty is signed by thirty-nine Chiefs, 1200 other
Cherokees attend the meeting. This is known as the "Holston
River Treaty." The Americans are represented by Governor
William Blount.

July 3, 1754: Surrounded by 500 French and 400 Indian forces
under Sieur Coulon de Villiers, George Washington has only 400 soldiers
at his Fort Necessity, near modern Farmington, in southwestern
Pennsylvania. After his artillery is put out
of action, and with half of his men as casualties, Washington
accepts de Villiers offer of surrender. Washington leads
his troops back to Virginia. De Villiers is the brother of
Jumonville de Villiers, Washington's counterpart in the
battle not far from here on May 28th. Jumonville is killed
in that battle.

July 4, 1874: Captain A.E. Bates, and Troop B, Second Cavalry,
and 160 "friendly" Shoshones, are en route from Camp Brown,
in west central Wyoming, looking for a reported gathering of
hostile Northern Cheyenne and Arapahos, when they discover a
large group of "hostiles" on the Bad Water Branch of the Wind
River, in Wyoming. During the battle, twenty-six "hostiles,"
and four soldiers are killed. Twenty Indians, and six soldiers,
including Lieutenant R.H. Young, are wounded. 230 horses are
captured. After this fight, many "hostile" Northern Cheyenne
and Arapahos are convinced to return to their agencies to
avoid further battles.

July 5, 1873: A tract of land is set aside as a reserve for
"Gross Ventre, Piegan, Blood, Blackfeet, River Crow and other
Indians" in Montana by Executive Order.

July 6, 465: Palenque Maya Lord Chaacal I is born according to
the museum at Palenque.

See my pictures of the area here:

July 7, 1666: Robert Sanford has been exploring the coast of
South Carolina for a colony site. He has found some friendly
Indians at Port Royal. Today he sets sail for Barbados with
the nephew of the local Chief. The Chief wants his nephew to
learn the white man's ways and language. Dr. Henry Woodward
stays with the Indians and learn their ways, thus making him
the first European settler in South Carolina. Woodward
eventually becomes the preeminent Indian agent in South

July 8, 1724: French peace envoy Etienne Veniard de Bourgmont
has come from Fort Orleans to visit the Indians of modern
Kansas. At the mouth of the Missouri River, he encounters the
"Canza." Many of them accompany de Bourgmont on his trip to the

July 9, 1969: Members of the Passamaquoddy Nation block road
that goes through their reservation in Maine.

July 10, 1843: In 1842, the Wyandot signed a treaty (11 Stat.,
581.) giving up their lands in Ohio for land west of the
Mississippi River. Today, 674 men, women and children start
their trip from Ohio to Kansas.

July 11, 1598: Juan de Oñate’s expedition reaches the San Juan
Pueblo in modern New Mexico.

July 12, 1784: Even though he has signed a peace treaty with
the Spanish, Tonkawa Chief El Mocho is planning to join the
Texas Indians together under his leadership and then attack the Spanish.
The Spanish hear of El Mocho's plans. In the Presidio
of la Bahia, El Mocho is shot down in the plaza by Spanish

July 13, 1973: New Mexico is told no State Income Taxes can
be levied against reservation Indians.

July 14, 1684: Naumkeag Indian, and son of fomrer Sachem
Wenepoykin, James Quannapowit petitions the English of
Marblehead Massachusetts. He complains they are givng out
lands which rightfully belong to him. On September 16, 1684,
a deed is finally signed by all parties in order for the
English to hold "rightful title" to the land.

July 15, 1877: In the Weippe Prairie, east of Weippe, Idaho,
the Nez Perce hold a council to decide their movements. The
army is still trying to force them to move to a reservation.
They wish to stay free. Looking Glass says they should go
east into Montana and join the crow. Chief Joseph (Hein-mot
Too-ya-la kekt) suggests they wait for the army here and
fight it out in their own lands. Toohoolhoolzote joins
Looking Glass in suggesting they move east into Montana.
The tribe decides to move.

See my pictures of the area here:

July 16, 1862: Yesterday, as a small group of mounted
soldiers attempt to leave the Apache Pass watering hole,
Mangas, and some warriors, attack. During the fight, Mangas
is shot in the chest. The Indians abandon the fight, with
the loss of their leader. Eventually, Cochise takes his
father-in-law to Mexico, where he holds a town hostage until
a Mexican doctor heals Mangas. This battle leads to the
construction of Fort Bowie on July 28, 1862 according to
the official National Park Service brochure. This is in
modern New Mexico.

July 17, 1853: A dispute between a settler ad some Paiutes
near Springville, Utah leads to the death of one of the
Paiutes. This will lead to what is sometimes called the
"Walker War."

July 18, 1694: Abenaki Chief Abomazine, almost 300 Penobscot
warriors, and few French attack the settlement along the south
side of the Oyster River, at modern Durham, New Hampshire.
The Indians are trying to sneak into the village when their
presence in discovered. Some settlers escape, others retreat
to fortified homes. 104 settlers are killed, and twenty-seven
are taken hostage before the Indians withdraw. Four months
later, Abomazine approaches the fort at Pemaquid, under a
white flag. He is seized by the garrison for his part in
the attack.

July 19, 1856: By this date, all of the remaining Rogue River
Indians are en route to the Grande Ronde Reservation in Oregon.
They number 1225.

July 20, 1863: General James Carleton, called "Star Chief" by
the Navajos, has ordered the Navajos to leave their homeland
and to report to the Bosque Redondo Reservation in New Mexico.
All Navajos found off the reservation, after this date, are
considered "hostiles," and will be treated accordingly. No
Navajos turn themselves in, leading to the Canyon de Chelly
Campaign, and the "Long Walk."

July 21, 1855: John W. Quinney, Stockbridge Chief, dies in Stockbridge,
New York. Through his efforts, his tribe creates
a constitutional system for the election of its here-to-fore hereditary
leaders. He is instrumental in the cessation of
the sell of tribal lands to Europeans. He leads the efforts
to have 460 acres of their former lands returned by the State
of New York. He is elected Chief of the tribe in 1852.

July 22, 1863: As a followup to the "Owens Valley War" in
California, over 900 Paiutes are led to the San Sebastian
Reservation at Fort Tejon (north of Los Angeles).

July 23, 1733: José de Urrutia is appointed Captain of San
Antonio de Béxar Presidio. The Spanish acknowledged him as
one of their experts on Indians.

July 24, 1863: The Santee Sioux have engaged in an uprising
in Minnesota. Some have fled the area and made their way into
the Dakotas. General Henry Sibley and troops from Fort Ridgley
in Minnesota have pursued them. According to reports Sibley
has received, the Santee have joined up with the Teton Sioux.
Today the soldiers find an Indian village in what is now
North Dakota. According to the army’s report, while some
scouts are talking with a couple of hundred Indians who come
out to meet then, someone shoots and kills Surgeon Josiah
Weiser. The scouts shoot at the Indian who shot the doctor,
but he gets away. More Indians arrive and start shooting.
Then more soldiers arrive and open fire. A full scale fight
takes place and some fighting lasts through early tomorrow.
It is called the "Battle of Big Mound."

July 25, 1863: As part of the Canyon de Chelly Campaign, Kit
Carson decides to force the Navajos to surrender by destroying
their food supply. He orders Major Joseph Cummings to proceed
along the Bonito River, and to seize all livestock and crops.
Anything he cannot haul way, is burned.

July 26, 1865: Following the massacre at Sand Creek, many
Indians begin attacking military outposts, and people crossing
their territory. A group of Cheyenne, led by Roman Nose, want
revenge for lost relatives. They approached a bridge across
the North Platte in what is now Casper, Wyoming. The bridge
is also the site of a telegraph station and a military outpost.
After trying for two days to get the soldiers out of the fort,
a column of troops cross the bridge. The Indians attack and
kill many soldiers, including Lieutenant Casper Collins.
Another column of troops comes to the rescue, and cannonfire
from the fort helps them escape. The soldiers left the fort
to provide an escort for an approaching wagon train. Another
band of Indians attacks the wagon train. During the fighting,
Roman Nose's brother is killed. Roman Nose lead a charge
against the wagon train and all of the soldiers guarding it
are killed. Their anger quickly dissipates, and the Indians
quit the fight, and leave the area.

July 27, 1777: Jane McCrea is killed. A painting is made
showing her about to be scalped. It becomes a famous piece
of American art.

July 28, 1756: Delaware Chief Teedyuscung, and fourteen other
chiefs, meet with Pennsylvania Governor Robert Morris, and
other Pennsylvania leaders at Easton, Pennsylvania to discuss
the Delaware uprising. Teedyuscung agrees to visit the
waring members of the tribe, and to try to end the fighting.

July 29, 1868: After years of conflict over the Bozeman Trail
along the Powder River, the War Department finally gives in
to Indian's, and particularly Red Cloud's, demands and starts abandoning
its forts. Fort C.F. Smith’s garrison packs-up and
leaves. The fort is located near present day Yellowtail and
Big Horn Lake, in southern Montana.

July 30, 1829: In internal documents, the United States War
Department formalizes a new Indian policy. Secretary of War
John Eaton believes Indians will not be able to survive if the
live in lands surrounded by white settlers.

July 31, 1684: According to some sources, a six day conference
starts between representatives of the New York colonies and the Mohawks,
Oniedas, Onondagas and Cayugas. Some lands are ceded and allegiances are


That's it for now. There should be more before the
end of the month.

Have a great month.

Phil Konstantin

End of Phil Konstantin's July 2007 Newsletter - Part 1
Start of Phil Konstantin's July 2007 Newsletter - Part 2


Now that I know the system is working again, I wanted to
pass along a last minute notice.

Joseph RedCloud lives on the Pine Ridge Reservation. He
sent me the following notice. The TV program P.O.V. will
play on many PBS stations today or tomorrow. Check your
local listings for information.

He is not the only person who has told me about this program.



Good afternoon everyone,

I send each of you greetings in a good way.
The timing couldn't be more ironic and I'm quite pleased
to announce that the Public Broadcasting System (PBS}
Point Of View (POV) group now has a new addition. Their
coverage of the hemp issue and how it directly affects my
Tribe and the family of one of its strongest leaders can be
viewed at this new website (www.pov.org).
I can appreciate that everyone will be busy over these next
several days, I strongly encourage you to take a couple of
minutes out of your day to visit the site and read the Standing
Silent Nation entry.
Additionally, I highly recommend that you view the Standing
Silent Nation documentary that airs on PBS on July 3, 2007.
I've known Alex White Plume and his family for some time and
I have had the distinct honor of serving the Oglala Sioux Tribe
as part of President White Plume's Administration. If you are
ever presented with an opportunity to meet and speak with Alex,
I strongly encourage you to do so. His hospitality along with his
depth and range of knowledge of the Oglala Lakota people is
extremely impressive.

Most Respectfully,


That's it for now.

Phil Konstantin

End of Phil Konstantin's July 2007 Newsletter - Part 2

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Four of the five books I have worked on. I either wrote, co-wrote, or contributed to each of these beeks

This is the cover to my first book. 
Click here to got more info, or to order a copy. Click on the cover to order a copy or to get more info.
This Day in North American Indian History
This Day in North American Indian History is a one-of-a-kind, vastly entertaining and informative book covering over 5000 years of North American Indian history, culture, and lore. Wide-ranging, it covers over 4,000 important events involving the native peoples of North America in a unique day-by-day format.

The thousands of entries in This Day in North American Indian History weave a compelling and comprehensive mosaic of North American Indian history spanning more than five millennia-every entry an exciting opening into the fascinating but little- known history of American Indians.

Over 100 photographs and illustrations - This book has 480 pages, weighs 2.2 pounds and is 8" by 9.5" in size. The Dates, Names and "Moons" section of these pages are based on the book.

This is the cover to my 4th book. 
Click here to got more info, or to order a copy or to get more info.
This is the cover to my 4th book. Click here to got more info, or to order a copy or to get more info."

Native American History For Dummies

I wrote six of the twenty-four chapters in this book. I am credited with being the technical editor. Book Description:
Native American History For Dummies introduces readers to the thousand-year-plus history of the first inhabitants of North America and explains their influence on the European settlement of the continent. Covering the history and customs of the scores of tribes that once populated the land, this friendly guide features vivid studies of the lives of such icons as Pocahontas, Sitting Bull, and Sacagawea; discusses warfare and famous battles, offering new perspectives from both battle lines; and includes new archaeological and forensic evidence, as well as oral histories that show events from the perspective of these indigenous peoples. The authors worked in concert with Native American authorities, institutions, and historical experts to provide a wide range of insight and information.
This is the cover to my 3rd book. 
Click here to got more info, or to order a copy or to get more info.
This is the cover to my 3rd book. Click here to got more info, or to order a copy or to get more info
Treaties With American Indians I wrote an article and several appendix items for this book.
Clips from a review on Amazon.com: *Starred Review* In the 93 years from 1778 until 1871, there were more than 400 treaties negotiated by Indian agents and government officials. Editor Fixico and more than 150 contributors have crafted a three volume comprehensive tool that will soon become essential for anyone interested in the topic. A resource section with lists of ?Alternate Tribal Names and Spellings,? ?Tribal Name Meanings,? (<---- I wrote this part) Treaties by Tribe,? and ?Common Treaty Names? and a bibliography and comprehensive index are repeated in each volume. This impressive set has a place in any academic library that supports a Native American studies or American history curriculum. It is the most comprehensive source of information on Canadian-Indian treaties and U.S.-Indian treaties. Also available as an e-book.

"The Wacky World of Laws"
It was just released in May 2009.
The Wacky World of Laws. Click on the cover to order a copy or to get more info.

The Wacky World of Laws is a compilation of U.S. and International Laws that are out of the ordinary. With the U.S. churning out 500,000 new laws every year and 2 million regulations annually, this book is the ideal go-to book fro everyone who wants a good laugh at the expense of our legal system. Law so often can be boring! Now with The Wacky World of Laws, you can be the hit of any water cooler conversation, and amaze your friends with precious legal nuggets.

I wrote most of this book. It is my fifth book.

(copyright, © Phil Konstantin, 2010)

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