July 2006 Newsletter from
"This Day in North American Indian History"
by Phil Konstantin
Copyright © Phil Konstantin (1996-2006)

Click Here To Return To The Previous Website

Start of Phil Konstantin's July 2006 Newsletter - Part 1


During June, I attended a meeting here in San Diego.
It was called the "2006 IHS/SAMHSA National Behavioral Health
Conference: Weaving a Fabric of Strength and Resilience."

One of the meetings I went to was "American Indian Traditional
Healing Practices." It was presented by Larry Murillo, DrPH.
Here is the listing for that workshop: "This workshop will
present the results of research on American Indian traditional
health practices in three American Indian clinical settings.
Results will highlight information obtained from health
journal article and data collected from an Indian Health
Service clinic combined with tribal health services and an
urban Indian health clinic, and a tribally-owned health clinic.

Larry has spent 21 years working with Native communities,
and 17 years with traditional practitioners. He noted that
many people go to traditional healers because they are not
satisfied with "western medicine." A large number of tribal
people use some form of traditional health practices (THP).
While western medicine deals with symptoms, THP addresses
the circumstances from which the symptoms arise.

One of the difficulties traditional healers face is differing
opinions as to the proper forms of THP. According to Larry,
many healers are more readily accepted out of their home
communities. As noted in one of the News links below, THP
is finding its way into more federal and state governmental
health agencies which deal with American Indians. THP
addresses social, cultural and spiritual needs which western
medicine often skips.

It was an interesting presentation.


The first link in the "News" section below is for the
Cherokee Nation's traveling history course. It is being
taught in Ridgecrest, California. I have attended the
class, and found it excellent. If you are Cherokee and
live in the area, please check it out.


I will have some movie and book reviews in Part 2 of
the newsletter.



The Link Of The Month for July 2006 is "Defend Bear
Butte!" Defend Bear Butte is a website for a group of
people who are trying to preserve the sacred nature of
Bear Butte in South Dakota. The website provides
historical information about the area. It also documents
this group's efforts, and what concerned people can do
to help.

You can find the website at:


The Treaty of the Month for July 2006 is the TREATY
WITH THE WYANDOT, 1842. Mar. 17, 1842 | 11 Stat., 581. |
Proclamation Oct. 5, 1842. It covers such issues as
Cession of lands to the United States; Annuity; School;
Value of improvements to be paid the Wyandot; Debts;
Improvements to be used on conditions; Blacksmith;
Subagent and
interpreter; Removal; and Reservations.

See the historical entry for July 10 below.

You can read a transcript of the treaty here:


2006 American Indian Student Essay Contest

It has been a bit since the contest ended. Since, I only
had a few entries, I let some time pass to insure that I
had received all of the entries. All of the essays I
received were in the Elementary and Junior High School

The winner is Little Faron Tewa. I mistakenly listed him
as Mhomer when I previously posted the essays. The
runners-up are Shannon Avery and Allison Sprague.

I will repost their essays in Part 2, along with some
of your comments.


News On The Internet

Class to explore Native American history, culture

American Indian communities want to have more schools
(From Pravda in Russia!)

60 day Native American gathering begins at Bear Butte

Remembering a Massacre

Man wanted in American Indian Movement murder ordered
extradited to U.S.

The Lynching Murals

Native Cooking

Museum's closing draws critics: Collection of American
Indian artifacts to move from downtown L.A. to Autry center,
which some say breaks deal

U.S. court ruling against Teck Cominco will have ripple
effect in Can., U.S.

Local man proud of his Native American roots

N. American Indian games start in Denver

Hopi: Bill divides 2 tribes: Sidney says completion of
relocation process is 'long past' overdue

Shirley wants 'unbiased' study

Red Lake: One Year Later

Schaghticoke appeal moves despite Interior secrecy order:
Connecticut governor linked to TASK lobbyist

Native American Mass and confirmation called 'historic'

Native American Methodists meet in Oklahoma

American Indian casinos now a $23 billion-a-year industry

Ex-Table Mountain officer injured in crash sues tribe

‘Blood’ Doesn't Make the Indian

Individual sovereignty' needs to be defended, too

American Indians channel their ordeals into nonprofit

National Telly Award Honors American Indian Homelands:
Matters of Truth, Honor and Dignity - Immemorial

Documentary done in honor of tribal elder Nevada

State Indian tribe continues to push for federal recognition

Indian students prepare for careers in medicine

Fire Thunder impeached

American Indian-owned armor plant raided by federal agents

A cool, American Indian everyman

Northern and Cheyenne Arapaho tribes at odds over Sundance confrontation

American Indian research improving

American Indian Remains Donated

Revenues for American Indian- and Alaska Native-Owned
Businesses Near $27 Billion, Census Bureau Reports

Rights of way are the center of attention for another week

Census Bureau: Mass. ranks low in Native American-owned businesses

Native American casino land claims bill proposed in Senate

Hoopas, Yuroks feud over federal funds

Traditional diet appears to lower risk of cancer

Tribal colleges filling growing need among American Indians

Sweating is sacred moment in Oxford

Chickasaw Aviation and Space Academy offers new experiences
to youth

American Indians dance to festival beat

NABI draws nations best, including Four Corners

The Kiowa 5

Ward Churchill responds to dismissal with lawsuit threat

Oregon will lose with off-reservation casino

An actual trust lawsuit dollar amount? Report: Settlement
could be tagged at between 6 and 8 billion

Ex-Post editor writes biography of female Indian chief

Unity, commitment needed to protect common interests

Bans douse Indian fire ceremonies

Heading off for a 'lifetime experience'

Virginia tribes hope for recognition in time for Jamestown

Freeway archaeology: Team excavating possible ancient
American Indian camp near I-25

BIG RIDE ACROSS AMERICA: Bitterroot chewing fails as
propellant, But at the Arlee powwow, fry bread and syrup

Ancient grains going into modern diet

GT Band gathers to celebrate heritage

Navajos celebrate the Treaty of 1868 and their sovereignty

Skulls discovery unearths ethical questions

Native intelligence: Otakuye Conroy will become the first
Lakota to earn a doctorate degree in environmental engineering.

Pease appointed to regents

From the Reservation to the Research Lab

UKB student wins Gates Scholarship

Arson suspected in burning down of sacred Karuk dance house

Looted Maya Treasure Returned Anonymously

Finally, a Medal of Honor

Fargo creates American Indian commission

Voice of the 'Indian way'

Award honors Zah's advocacy for Indian affairs

Superhero flying to the rescue of native youth: Cree
legend Wesakechak comes to life in an updated form for
comic books to be distributed to aboriginals

Rez-wide sting nets 10 in meth bust

Storyteller: The Stranger

St. Ignatius man named to American Indian Ambassadors

My Thoughts About America's Independence Day By Josh

Tackling 10,000-year-old mystery

Visiting the first Americans

Mystery of why Indians still don't trust 'white men' resolved

The Founding Sachems

Trip Diary: The Southern Chaco World

County too slow to protect site, volunteer caretakers say

and then....

Site steward banished after talking with media

Fire Thunder: Halting sexual violence should lead political

Shrill attacks on Cecelia unfair to her intent

Older Than Plymouth Rock, But Still Behind

DARE TO ASK: Do American Indians have a low physical
tolerance for alcohol?

Alaska native sees culture, heritage endangered through
climate change

Alaskana: Tlingit way of life

Vanishing Past: Important archaeological sites face
growing threats

CU-Boulder, BLM Collaborating On Four Corners Archaeology

The safety of the people requires calm minds

Dark Days For Bureau Of Indian Affairs

Author works to eradicate myths about Native culture

VA to expand coverage for traditional ceremonies

Hundreds remember slain child

Arizona Indian Town Hall helps preserve culture

New speakers of ancient tongues

Rush is on to record past: Archaeologists survey ancient
sites before time, visitors ruin them

Geographer explores place names that offend

Colorado tribal park a peek into lives of ancient people

Archaeological site yields dental surprise

New trail a walk of ages: Plans for Colossal Cave trail
include trip into past to see how ancients lived

Home buyer finds 26 skulls in attic, but it's no crime

The Antiquities Act: 100 Years of Saving the Four Corners'

Digging smart: Lowry Pueblo helped by the Antiquities Act

Peabody Energy pays Navajo Nation for coal

Spirit Cave Man debate continues, sparked by student's interest

Carrie Dann arrested at Nevada Test Site

Sky City Cultural Center links present to past

Lumbees mark 50 years of recognition, seek more

Sailor in hot seat over traditional medicines

Online version of June Edition of Cherokee Phoenix

Did Ancient Americans Record a Supernova?

Native Americans recorded supernova explosion

Residents want unfettered use of Canyon: Organization to
seek legal aid in fight with National Park Service

DORREEN YELLOW BIRD COLUMN: Oprah missed an important chance

Mesa Verde: Portal On The Past

Aztlán as a metaphorical place to call home

New ways of telling: O'odham students recount tales,
culture via modern media

Native Hawaiians Seek Right to Self-Govern

Three nominations for Sechelt Indian Band chief

Sechelt Indian Band plans land claim referendum

Sechelt Nation renews self-government act

2006 North American Indigenous Games

AIFI’s Tribal Touring Program to Travel Cross-Country Summer 2006


Articles And Notices:

Ben Marra specializes in Powwow photos. Here is some info
about his ongoing exhibition...

Ben Marra's Photography Exhibitions:

"Here's the latest with our exhibition, Faces from the
Land... A Photographic Journey through Native America,
which premiered at the Speed Art Museum (Louisville) in
'03 to coincide with the Lewis and Clark Bicentennial

It is currently at the Minnesota Historical Society's
Mille Lacs Indian Museum, Onamia, MN, until September
30, 2006.   

In June - for two months - there will be an exhibition in
Moscow, ID - to coincide with the Summer of Peace National
Lewis & Clark Bicentennial Signature Event hosted by the
Nez Perce Tribe (Nimiipuu).

Later in the year, it will be at the Joslyn (Omaha) as well
as a museum in Florida.

Here's an article about the exhibit when it was at the
Washington State Capital Museum:

NPR story: http://www.kuow.org/DefaultProgram.asp?ID=8715 "


From TaShunka Witko Brigade

"{Deborah White Plume, co-founder of the Intertribal
Coalition to defend Bear Butte, talks to TWBs Wanbli
Watakpe from the banks of the Wounded Knee Creek. She
describes the plans for a summer encampment and
gathering of Nations starting July 4th, 2006. There is
over 30 Nations that have a spiritual relation with
Bear Butte, among them, the Lakota, Dakota, Nakota,
Northern and Southern Cheyenne Nations, Northern and
Southern Arapaho, the Ponca Nation, Osage, and Kiowa.

The developments that will desecrate Bear Butte at the
moment are two. North of Bear Butte, businessman Jay
Allen will develop 600 acres to build what he calls
the Sturgis County line campground, which includes
155,000 sq ft asphalt parking lot, and a 20,000 sq ft
bar w/ amphitheater that will seat 30,000 +. He paid
500,000 dollars for the liquor license, which was
approved by the Meade Co commission without discussion
in spite of a large rally against it where many
indigenous Nations spoke in opposition. A few miles
south of Bear Butte the Glencoe campground is being
enlarged to fit 40,000 people. Tribes are appealing
but it is a difficult battle because South Dakota has
no zoning laws.

Bear Butte has been sacred for thousands of years to
us and other tribes. We use these sacred places to
live our way, for medicine, teaching, spiritual
healing and praying. Theyre our school, our church,
our hospital, those places are protected in American
society, we want the same respect. This is why we are
having this summer encampment to protect the integrity
of our sacred places and create an organized
resistance to the desecration, going on all over the
US: the snowball activity in the San Francisco Peaks
in the Southwest, the petroglyph issue around
Albuquerque, and many others. We want to form an
intertribal collective to protect our sacred places.
We are in contact with the Six Nations people
defending their land, we are all fighting to defend
our land, fighting separate battles that is why we
want to bring all Nations together to coordinate a
collective organized resistance.

During the Sturgis bike rally they have 10 million
people come to this region. The crime rate goes up.
There arent enough port-a-potties and they literally
have urine running in the ditches. They rather have
that than Indians praying at Bear Butte. Our elders
tell us that our strongest weapon is the love for your
way of life and our prayers. When we have our Summit
of Nations the Oglala Lakota will be lead by the pipe
of Chief Red Cloud that his family has had since the
Wounded Knee massacre, the people are coming with
their spiritual power. We pray for guidance and
direction. This is our last defense. If they wipe out
our sacred places, they wipe out our way of life. We
will not be Lakota anymore.

Were inviting people of all colors and walks of life.
Some environmental groups and religious groups will
form a buffer zone around us as allies, and they are
respectful of our ceremonies that are for indigenous
people only. We are expecting many people and we need
resources to accommodate them. The tribes are donating
whatever they can, one tribe is giving us 10 buffalo,
another one 20 elk. Please bring everything you will
need and something to share. If you are able to make a
donation you can do it through our websites, where you
can also find directions to the campgrounds and
contact information.
http://www.defendbearbutte.org "


More than one of this newsletter's subscribers sent me
this petition. Participate at your own discretion:

FEMA Trailers for Indian Country
View Current Signatures   -   Sign the Petition

To: FEMA - Pamela Turner, Assistant Secretary for
Legislative and Intergovernmental Affairs

FEMA acquired mobile homes in 2005, for the Hurricane
Katrina victims. As of June, 2006 20,000 brand new and
unused mobile homes are sitting empty in a storage
facility in Hope, Arkansas.

United States Senator Tim Johnson,(SD) wrote a letter
to Pamela Turner, Assistant Secretary for Legislative
and Intergovernmental Affairs Office with FEMA, suggesting
the mobile homes be donated for housing and schools in
Indian Country. There are thousands of Native American
people that are either homeless or are living in
substandard conditions on Reservations throughout Indian
Country. The reservations in South Dakota have estimated
up to 30% of people are either homeless or living in
substandard conditions. It is not uncommon for 20 or
more residents to live in a three-bedroom, one bath home
with three or four generations under one roof due to
the lack of unavailable and safe housing.

FEMA's response to this request was, that these trailers
would continue to be stored for disaster relief within
several areas of the country.

FEMA has 20,000 available mobile homes sitting in storage,
while there are thousands of homeless families living
across the county. These homes were purchased with our
tax dollars, the homeless people in this country should
be a priority instead of letting them collect dust in a
storage lot.

Please demand that our tax dollars stop being wasted by
these agencies and the money actually be put to helping
the people of this country!


The Undersigned



Saturday, August 5th, 2006 - Santa Ysabel Ball field

From Hwy. 76, go South on Hwy. 79 - From Hwy. 78, go
North on Hwy. 79

12:00 noon: Welcome, 3:00 - 5:00 p.m.: Kids games/Food
Eating Contests 4:30 p.m.: Horseshoe Tournament,
6:00 p.m.: Storytelling, 7:30 p.m. Peon Tournaments

All day: Birdsinging, food booths, arts and crafts,
Raffle, and much more TBA!

For more information and vendor reservations, call
Marion or Devon at 760-765-1093, ext. 103 &102
This is a drug and alcohol free event
Dinner sponsored by the Santa Ysabel Tribe and to be
served from 4 - 7 p.m.


Mission Indian Federation

“Human Rights and Home Rule.”

The original Mission Indian Federation was formally founded
in 1919 and was active until 1965. However; the Mission Indian
Federation was active informally as early as 1908 as a
conference was held at the Mission Inn in Riverside,
California in 1908. The motto of the Federation was “Human
Rights and Home Rule”, Tribal Sovereignty as we know it

To really understand and appreciate the courageous and
heroic efforts of these early American Indian freedom
fighters one needs to understand that they did not have
the protection of Constitutional Rights, as they were
not United State Citizens. They were in fact “Wards of
the United States Government” and had little or no
rights other than those provided by Treaties, which were
not honored by the government.

To have a more profound appreciation for the Mission
Indian Federation Leadership 57 of them were indicted
by a federal Grand Jury in 1923 for “Conspiracy against
the government” but were later acquitted. As a result
the organization was forces to operate under a cloak
of secrecy to protect its members from persecution by
government officials.

“Human Rights and Home Rule”, Tribal Sovereignty as it
is known today was vaguely understood by many of the
Tribal Leaders 25 years ago, but the proliferation of
Indian Gaming has made “Tribal Sovereignty” a household
word in Indian country, which is a positive however, it
must now be protected. Since 1776 and before, Tribal
Governments have had a unique political relationship
with the United States Government through Treaty Rights
and Tribal Sovereignty. Now, with the expansion of
Tribal Gaming, Congress has again seen fit to diminish
Tribal Rights by transferring jurisdiction to States
and forcing Tribes to deal with local governments as
well. Although, Tribal Leaders have brought much of this
on themselves by trying to protect their “Market Shares”
of the gaming business within their areas, the fact
remains that Tribal Sovereignty has suffered as a result.
Tribal Sovereignty in much more than “Market Shares” and
we cannot afford to allow it to be diminished by anyone
or any actions.

What I propose to you to is re-establish the Mission
Indian Federation with only one political agenda, “Human
Rights and Home Rule”, with the only requirement for
membership is a personnel commitment to promoting “Human
Rights and Home Rule” for the American Indian people.
And in keeping with the policies of the original Mission
Indian Federation membership is open to both Indians and
Non- Indians.

The time has come for us to unite, California Tribal
people, the so called Urban Indians, Un-Recognized Indian
people and non-Indian supporter shall come together to
protect Tribal “Human Rights and Home Rule” for our
children, grandchildren and great-grandchildren. We have
survived over 200 years of foreign rule; genocide,
disease and political oppression we must now go beyond
survival and we must now be heard.

Ernie C. Salgado Jr.,

Ernie C. Salgado Jr., Tribal Member,

Soboba Band of Luiseno Indians


Zion Canyon Art And Flute Festival


Lori Piestewa National Native American Games


Cultural Tidbits from the Cherokee Nation Newsletter:

The Indian People were cleaner and more sanitary than
the Europeans at the time of contact. When several
Cherokee visited England, the Queen asked them to refrain
from bathing each day.

The first treaty entered into by the Cherokees resulted
in the cession of 2600 square miles in the area of what
is present-day South Carolina. The treaty was between the
Cherokee and England, who recognized Cherokee Nation as
a world government before there was a United States. The
year was 1721.   

The journey by water route on the Trail of Tears was
accomplished by using flat boat barges with steam boats
pulling them. Ironically, the first two steam boats were
called 'Tecumseh' and 'George Guess'.


Humor or Interesting Material:

Ed Clark sent this one along:

A senior moment!

A very self-important college freshman attending a
recent football game, took it upon himself to explain
to a senior citizen sitting next to him why it was
impossible for the older generation to understand his

"You grew up in a different world, actually an almost
primitive one," the student said, loud enough for many
of those nearby to hear. "The young people of today grew
up with television, jet planes, space travel, man walking
on the moon, our spaceships have visited Mars. We have
nuclear energy, electric and hydrogen cars, computers
with light-speed processing ....and," pausing to take
another drink of beer.

The Senior took advantage of the break in the student's
litany and said, "You're right, son. We didn't have those
things when we were young........so we invented them. Now,
you arrogant young man , what are you doing for the next


From Juliana Diane Marez

The father of a very wealthy family took his son on a
trip to the country with the firm purpose of showing his
son how poor people live. They spent a couple of days
and nights on the farm of what would be considered a
very poor family.

On their return from their trip, the father asked his
son, How was the trip?"     

"It was great, Dad"

"Did you see how poor people live?" the father asked.

"Oh yeah," said the son.

"So, tell me, what did you learn from the trip?" asked
the father. The son answered:

"I saw that we have one dog and they had four. We have a
pool that reaches to the middle of our garden and they
have a creek that has no end. We have imported lanterns
in our garden and they have the stars at night. Our patio
reaches to the front yard and they have the whole horizon.
We have a small piece of land to live on and they have
fields that go beyond our sight. We have servants who
serve us, but they serve others. We buy our food, but
they grow theirs. We have walls around our property to
protect us, they have friends to protect them."

The boy's father was speechless.

Then his son added, "Thanks, Dad, for showing me how poor
we are."

Isn't perspective a wonderful thing? Makes you wonder
what would happen if we all gave thanks for everything
we have, instead of worrying about what we don't have.
Appreciate every single thing you have, especially your


This is from Jeff Tempest:

Birds of a feather flock together and poop on your car.
When I'm feeling down, I like to whistle. It makes the
neighbor’s dog run to the end of his chain and gag himself.
If you can't be kind, at least have the decency to be vague.
Don't assume malice for what stupidity can explain.
A penny saved is a government oversight.
The real art of conversation is not only to say the right
thing at the right time, but also to leave unsaid the wrong
thing at the tempting moment.
The older you get, the tougher it is to lose weight, because
by then your body and your fat have gotten to be really
good friends.
The easiest way to find something lost around the house is
to buy a replacement.
He who hesitates is probably right.
Did you ever notice:   The Roman Numerals for forty (40)
are "XL."
If you think there is good in everybody, you haven't met
If you can smile when things go wrong, you have someone
in mind to blame.
The sole purpose of a child's middle name is so he can
tell when he’s really in trouble.
There's always a lot to be thankful for if you take time
to look for It. For example, I am sitting here thinking
how nice it is that wrinkles don’t hurt.
Did you ever notice:   When you put the 2 words "The" and
"IRS” together it spells "Theirs"?


Here are some randomly picked historical events for July

July 1, 1833: According to an army report, by this date,
the army estimates they have captured all of the "hostile"
Creek Indians, except for the warriors from Hitchiti, and
Yuchi, led by Jim Henry.

July 2, 1791: The treaty (7 stat.39) with the Cherokee
Nation is concluded on the Holston River at White's Fort,
modern Knoxville Tennessee. The Cherokee acknowledge the
sovereignty of the United States. Prisoners are restored
on both sides. Boundary lines are officially established.
American citizens are allowed to use a road from the
Washington District, to the Mero District on the Tennessee
River without molestation. The United States will have
the sole right to regulate trade with the Cherokee. No
whites can live, or hunt on Cherokee lands, without
Cherokee approval. Annual payments increase from $1000,
to $1500 on February 17, 1792. The treaty is signed by
thirty-nine Chiefs, 1200 other Cherokees attend the
meeting. This is known as the "Holston River Treaty." The
Americans are represented by Governor William Blount.

July 3, 1754: Surrounded by 500 French and 400 Indian
forces under Sieur Coulon de Villiers, George Washington
has only 400 soldiers at his Fort Necessity, near modern
Farmington, in southwestern Pennsylvania. After his
artillery is put out of action, and with half of his men
as casualties, Washington accepts de Villiers offer of
surrender. Washington leads his troops back to Virginia.
De Villiers is the brother of Jumonville de Villiers,
Washington's counterpart in the battle not far from here
on May 28th. Jumonville is killed in that battle.

July 4, 1874: Captain A.E. Bates, and Troop B, Second
Cavalry, and 160 "friendly" Shoshones, are en route from
Camp Brown, in west central Wyoming, looking for a reported
gathering of hostile Northern Cheyenne and Arapahos, when
they discover a large group of "hostiles" on the Bad Water
Branch of the Wind River, in Wyoming. During the battle,
twenty-six "hostiles," and four soldiers are killed.
Twenty Indians, and six soldiers, including Lieutenant
R.H. Young, are wounded. 230 horses are captured. After
this fight, many "hostile" Northern Cheyenne and Arapahos
are convinced to return to their agencies to avoid further

July 5, 1873: A tract of land is set aside as a reserve
for "Gross Ventre, Piegan, Blood, Blackfeet, River Crow
and other Indians" in Montana by Executive Order.

July 6, 465: Palenque Maya Lord Chaacal I is born according
to the museum at Palenque.

See pictures of Palenque on my website at:
http://americanindian.net/mexico14.html    or

July 7, 1666: Robert Sanford has been exploring the coast
of South Carolina for a colony site. He has found some
friendly Indians at Port Royal. Today he sets sail for
Barbados with the nephew of the local Chief. The Chief
wants his nephew to learn the white man's ways and language.
Dr. Henry Woodward stays with the Indians and learn their
ways, thus making him the first European settler in South
Carolina. Woodward eventually becomes the preeminent Indian
agent in South Carolina.

July 8, 1724: French peace envoy Etienne Veniard de
Bourgmont has come from Fort Orleans to visit the Indians
of modern Kansas. At the mouth of the Missouri River, he
encounters the "Canza." Many of them accompany de Bourgmont
on his trip to the "Padoucas."

July 9, 1969: Members of the Passamaquoddy Nation block
road that goes through their reservation in Maine.

July 10, 1843: In 1842, the Wyandot signed a treaty
(11 Stat., 581.) giving up their lands in Ohio for land
west of the Mississippi River. Today, 674 men, women and
children start their trip from Ohio to Kansas.

July 11, 1598: Juan de Ońate’s expedition reaches the San
Juan Pueblo in modern New Mexico.

July 12, 1784: Even though he has signed a peace treaty
with the Spanish, Tonkawa Chief El Mocho is planning to
join the Texas Indians together under his leadership and
then attack the Spanish. The Spanish hear of El Mocho's
plans. In the Presidio of la Bahia, El Mocho is shot down
in the plaza by Spanish soldiers.

July 13, 1973: New Mexico is told no State Income Taxes can
be levied against reservation Indians.

July 14, 1684: Naumkeag Indian, and son of former Sachem
Wenepoykin, James Quannapowit petitions the English of
Marblehead Massachusetts. He complains they are giving out
lands which rightfully belong to him. On September 16, 1684,
a deed is finally signed by all parties in order for the
English to hold "rightful title" to the land.

July 15, 1877: In the Weippe Prairie, east of Weippe,
Idaho, the Nez Perce hold a council to decide their
movements. The army is still trying to force them to move
to a reservation. They wish to stay free. Looking Glass
says they should go east into Montana and join the crow.
Chief Joseph (Hein-mot Too-ya-la kekt) suggests they
wait for the army here and fight it out in their own
lands. Toohoolhoolzote joins Looking Glass in suggesting
they move east into Montana. The tribe decides to move.

See photos on this area on my website at:

July 16, 1862: Yesterday, as a small group of mounted
soldiers attempt to leave the Apache Pass watering hole,
Mangas, and some warriors, attack. During the fight, Mangas
is shot in the chest. The Indians abandon the fight, with
the loss of their leader. Eventually, Cochise takes his
father-in-law to Mexico, where he holds a town hostage until
a Mexican doctor heals Mangas. This battle leads to the
construction of Fort Bowie on July 28, 1862 according to
the official National Park Service brochure. This is in
modern New Mexico.

July 17, 1853: A dispute between a settler ad some Paiutes
near Springville, Utah leads to the death of one of the
Paiutes. This will lead to what is sometimes called the
"Walker War."

July 18, 1694: Abenaki Chief Abomazine, almost 300
Penobscot warriors, and few French attack the settlement
along the south side of the Oyster River, at modern
Durham, New Hampshire. The Indians are trying to sneak
into the village when their presence in discovered.
Some settlers escape, others retreat to fortified homes.
104 settlers are killed, and twenty-seven are taken
hostage before the Indians withdraw. Four months later,
Abomazine approaches the fort at Pemaquid, under a white
flag. He is seized by the garrison for his part in the

July 19, 1856: By this date, all of the remaining Rogue
River Indians are en route to the Grande Ronde Reservation
in Oregon. They number 1225.

July 20, 1863: General James Carleton, called "Star Chief"
by the Navajos, has ordered the Navajos to leave their
homeland and to report to the Bosque Redondo Reservation
in New Mexico. All Navajos found off the reservation,
after this date, are considered "hostiles," and will be
treated accordingly. No Navajos turn themselves in,
leading to the Canyon de Chelly Campaign, and the "Long Walk."

July 21, 1855: John W. Quinney, Stockbridge Chief, dies in Stockbridge,
New York. Through his efforts, his tribe
creates a constitutional system for the election of its
here-to-fore hereditary leaders. He is instrumental in the
cessation of the sell of tribal lands to Europeans. He
leads the efforts to have 460 acres of their former lands
returned by the State of New York. He is elected Chief of
the tribe in 1852.

July 22, 1863: As a followup to the "Owens Valley War" in
California, over 900 Paiutes are led to the San Sebastian
Reservation at Fort Tejon (north of Los Angeles).

July 23, 1733: José de Urrutia is appointed Captain of San
Antonio de Béxar Presidio. The Spanish acknowledged him
as one of their experts on Indians.

July 24, 1863: The Santee Sioux have engaged in an uprising
in Minnesota. Some have fled the area and made their way
into the Dakotas. General Henry Sibley and troops from
Fort Ridgley in Minnesota have pursued them. According to
reports Sibley has received, the Santee have joined up
with the Teton Sioux. Today the soldiers find an Indian
village in what is now North Dakota. According to the
army’s report, while some scouts are talking with a couple
of hundred Indians who come out to meet then, someone
shoots and kills Surgeon Josiah Weiser. The scouts shoot
at the Indian who shot the doctor, but he gets away.
More Indians arrive and start shooting. Then more soldiers
arrive and open fire. A full scale fight takes place and
some fighting lasts through early tomorrow. It is called
the "Battle of Big Mound."

July 25, 1863: As part of the Canyon de Chelly Campaign,
Kit Carson decides to force the Navajos to surrender by
destroying their food supply. He orders Major Joseph
Cummings to proceed along the Bonito River, and to seize
all livestock and crops. Anything he cannot haul way, is

July 26, 1865: Following the massacre at Sand Creek, many
Indians begin attacking military outposts, and people
crossing their territory. A group of Cheyenne, led by
Roman Nose, want revenge for lost relatives. They approached
a bridge across the North Platte in what is now Casper,
Wyoming. The bridge is also the site of a telegraph
station and a military outpost. After trying for two days
to get the soldiers out of the fort, a column of troops
cross the bridge. The Indians attack and kill many soldiers,
including Lieutenant Casper Collins. Another column of
troops comes to the rescue, and cannon fire from the fort
helps them escape. The soldiers left the fort to provide
an escort for an approaching wagon train. Another band of
Indians attacks the wagon train. During the fighting, Roman
Nose's brother is killed. Roman Nose lead a charge against
the wagon train and all of the soldiers guarding it are
killed. Their anger quickly dissipates, and the Indians
quit the fight, and leave the area.

July 27, 1777: Jane McCrea is killed. A painting is made
showing her about to be scalped. It becomes a famous piece
of American art.

See a picture of the painting on this website:

July 28, 1756: Delaware Chief Teedyuscung, and fourteen
other chiefs, meet with Pennsylvania Governor Robert Morris,
and other Pennsylvania leaders at Easton, Pennsylvania to
discuss the Delaware uprising. Teedyuscung agrees to visit
the warring members of the tribe, and to try to end the

July 29, 1868: After years of conflict over the Bozeman
Trail along the Powder River, the War Department finally
gives in to Indian's, and particularly Red Cloud's, demands
and starts abandoning its forts. Fort C.F. Smith’s garrison
packs-up and leaves. The fort is located near present day
Yellowtail and Big Horn Lake, in southern Montana.

July 30, 1829: In internal documents, the United States War
Department formalizes a new Indian policy. Secretary of War
John Eaton believes Indians will not be able to survive if
the live in lands surrounded by white settlers.

July 31, 1684: According to some sources, a six day
conference starts between representatives of the New York
colonies and the Mohawks, Oniedas, Onondagas and Cayugas.
Some lands are ceded and allegiances are pledged.


That's it for now.

Have a great month.

Phil Konstantin

End of Phil Konstantin's July 2006 Newsletter - Part 1
Start of Phil Konstantin's July 2006 Newsletter - Part 2


It has been a bit hot and humid here in San Diego the last few days. The
thermometer outside my house (in the shade) topped 100 several times.
With the high humidity, it reminded me of the town of my birth, Houston.
Don't worry, I am not wimping out. I know many of you have it worse.

I have included several notices, requests for help and some movie
reviews below. If you can answer some of the questions posted below,
please try to contact that person directly.



The July issue of the Cherokee Phoenix is online. There are
a lot of great issues dealing with the new Cherokee
Constitution, and how it affects us even today. That link
is below:

and another Cherokee item:

The Cherokee Nation Holiday site is complete! The theme
for this year's Holiday is "The Cherokee Nation Continues
in Full Force and Effect"! What is the CN Holiday you ask?
It's an annual celebration of the signing of the 1839
Cherokee Constitution, the first in Oklahoma. It is held
every year during Labor Day weekend in Tahlequah, OK.
For ALL the information about the Holiday, visit the
Holiday website:



Notices, Events, Questions from subscribers & e-mailers:

How does a person know if there are Burial mounds on
their property?

I have several acres of hill side land over looking the
Spokane Valley, in Washington State and from childhood
memories saw some things on the property that my older
relatives told me were Native American things, also
recently a local teacher living near our property has
found arrow heads and some other things that he felt
were artifacts.

The property holds the first white school house built
in the property, an old dug out, that was turned into
a garage for the house, and the neighboring property
has the stage coach stop and tea room building

The property also has a vein of white clay running thru
it that can be fired at low heat and used for utility
items like bowls, etc.

I have heard rumors that the property was on a route
that Native Americans used to go to other places and
it has a few natural springs.

I do not have time this morning to write all that may
be information helpful to answer my question, but my
curiosity after realizing a while ago that I was
standing on an unusual mound on the property while
getting some wild flowers.

The mound is abnormal compared to the rest of the what
are more just large solid lava rocks. This has a shape
of kind of a rectangle and drops off to the east, the
rocks on it are small, stacked up or have the appearance
of being stacked, they are mossy covered now, with
vegetation and wild roses and holly, pine trees all around.

thank you.\
Kelly   kelleen2 @ icehouse.net
if my E-mail box is full Please snail mail me if you
have an interest or time.
Kelly Guinsler
1724 E. Rich
Spokane, WA. 99207


My little hometown in west Tenn. is named "Moscow." We
say it "Mos-Ko" Town was founded 1827. Legend says the
name derives from an Indian word meaning "between two
rivers." I am 55 - over the decades I have read every
Indian dictionary of the Southeast - histories - even
asked living Choctaw people and no body seems to know
the meaning of the Indian root word "Mosko."

There are at least 12 other "Moscow" place names with
zip codes in the U. S. I wrote to all of them during
our county sesquicentennial of 1974 and asked the town
librarian or historian how their town got its names.
About half replied - some were derived of Moscow, Russia.
One lady in Moscow, Iowa wrote back saying their town
name had similar Indian reference - their story said
the word meant "Along the waters or above the waters."
Indeed they were situated on land above a stream - don't
remember the name.   There is also a Moscow, KY with no
zip and it over looks a creek - there's a Moscow, AR
and it has no zip as I recall.

Europeans corrupted the pronunciation of all Indian
words best I can tell. There is some connecting word
still in existence if I can ever find it. I had thought
about "Musko-gee." - The Creek tribal name - "Creeks"
was an Anglo name assigned to them because their villages
always resided along creeks as I've read. I see in
your tribal name conversion page here that you also
list the Creeks as being called "Homashko."   There's
that "mash-ko" connection again.

Can you help us solve this 175-year-old mystery about
our place name? What Indian word could "Mos-co" derive
from? Could it be "Musko-gee" or "Ho-Mash-ko"??   
There is a connection here somehow - I just feel it.

But to let you know, I even called the Creek Indian
Museum or tribal history facility, I think in Muskogee,
OK, about a year ago and spoke with a lady there. She
said that the name "Muskogee" was so old that no one
any longer knew what it meant. I found that hard to
believe.   What light can you help shine on this mystery.
I am about ready to ask The History Detectives program
on Public TV!!

David Smith
Wdsmitty @ aol.com

(From Phil: I have been through Moscow, Texas many times.
Former Texas Governor Bill Hobby was born there.)


Society of American Indian Government Employees (SAIGE)
Conference and Call for 2006 Award Nominations.

The Society of American Indian Government Employees
(SAIGE) is proud to announcement nominations are now
being accepted for the 2006 SAIGE Outstanding Achievement
Awards. Please join us in this endeavor and nominate
an agency, activity or individual who you feel is
qualified to receive an SAIGE Outstanding Achievement
Award. To submit a nomination, please complete the
nomination form and submit all of the requested information.

The SAIGE Award program was established to:

Recognize agencies and individuals, who through their
personal commitment and professional initiative have
made demonstrable contributions in recruiting, retaining,
and providing career advancement opportunities to
American Indian civilian and military employees in the
Federal workforce. Assist with the advancement of American
Indian and Alaskan Native professionals, role models and
future leaders.

Nomination Deadline: Postmarked by 01 August, 2006

Eligibility: Any agency, activity or individual is eligible
for consideration of a SAIGE Outstanding Achievement
awards based on the criteria outlined in the award package.

Awardees will be recognized and presented the award by
SAIGE, at the Third Annual SAIGE National Training
Conference in Anchorage Alaska, August 2006.

Full award details are at:


For further information call Veronica Vasquez at (805)
989-3254, or veronica.Vasquez @ navy.mil

SAIGE Conference Information

SAIGE Announces 3rd Annual National Training Conference

The Society of American Indian Government Employees
(SAIGE) is a national non-profit organization that
advocates for American Indian and Alaska Native federal
employees. Similar to our sister organizations - Blacks
in Government (BIG), National IMAGE, Inc. (Hispanic),
Federal Asian Pacific American Council (FAPAC), and
Federally Employed Women (FEW) - SAIGE hosts an annual
National Training Conference (NTC). SAIGE’s Training
Conference promotes the professional growth, development
and continuing education of federal employees.

We are pleased to announce that the online registration
is now available for our 3rd Annual Training Conference.

"One People, A Diversity of Culture", will be held at
the Hotel Captain Cook in Anchorage, Alaska
August 28 -31, 2006.

Featured speakers include Mary Kim Titla (Apache),
publisher of Native Youth Online Magazine; Olympic gold
medal winner and motivational speaker, Billy Mills
(Sioux); and Joy Hilton and Barry Ross, who have
provided training and conditioning classes for executives
enrolled at the Federal Executive Institute and USDA's
Graduate School Executive Potential Program. There
will also be workshops on leadership, diversity,
personal and professional growth topics. Our conference
location offers the unique opportunity to see and
learn more about Alaska Native culture and history.

The Office of Personnel Management (OPM) has determined
SAIGE's training qualifies as training in compliance
with 5 U.S.C. Chapter 41. The training is open to all
employees and will cover career advancement topics
such as interviewing, managing and leading people, and
self-marketing skills. To view the OPM approval letter
visit their website at

Early bird registration fee is $400 through July 7th
and $450 afterward.

You may find the current agenda on the registration
webpage at:

For comparative information on Transportation, Meals &
Lodging, and on Climate and weather information, go to
our webpage at: http://www.saige.org/conf/2006/conf2006.htm

Alaska Airlines is providing SAIGE conference attendees
with a discounted rate. For more information on how to
take advantage visit our webpage at http://saige.org

For additional information please contact: Albert Barros
( albert.barros @ mms.gov   or 907-334-5209)


Western History Association Indian Student Conference

Two $500 annual awards will be given to Indian students, undergraduate,
M.A., or Ph.D., to help lessen the burden
of costs to attend the annual Western History Association
conference. In addition, the cost of conference
registration and tickets to the welcoming reception,
graduate student social hour, Presidential luncheon,
and Indian Scholars luncheon, will be included in the
award. To be considered for this award, send a letter
of interest and a letter of support from a faculty
advisor to each member of the committee (see below).
Application deadline: August 1, 2006


2006 WHA Indian Student Conference Scholarship Committee

Steven M. Karr, Southwest Museum of the American Indian,
Autry National Center (Chair), William J. Bauer, Jr.,
University of Wyoming, Alden Big Man, University of
New Mexico

2006 Indian Student Conference Scholarship
Deadline: August 1, 2006
Steven M. Karr
Southwest Museum of the American Indian
Autry National Center
234 Museum Drive
Los Angeles, CA 90065
William J. Bauer, Jr.
Dept of History
Dept. 3198
1000 E. University Ave
Laramie, WY 82071-3198
Alden Big Man Jr.
P.O. Box 44
Garryowen, MT 59031



TIME: 6:00-8:00 PM










Announces The Southern California Native Vote 2006
Regional Training

July 27-28, 2006 at the Holiday Inn Sea World in
San Diego, CA

The Southern California Regional Training is designed
by the National Congress of American Indians to provide
California tribal communities with relevant information
about the election process and how to increase American
Indian and Alaska Native voter participation and to
learn from California Indian communities about their
ideas and strategies for the upcoming 2006 election.
With the trainings, NCAI and the Native Vote 2006
Campaign hope to increase political participation and
action among tribal communities, an often disenfranchised
group, at the national, state, and local levels, and
make the political process clear for American Indian and
Alaska Native Voters.

As tribal members, we know political decision-makers have
broad authority to impact our lives and status as sovereign governments.
With more and more Indian people voting,
it will be increasingly difficult for politicians to
ignore the issues that are important to our communities.
In the Trainings, you will be provided with information
on Voter Registration and Get out the Vote Efforts,
Party Primaries, Voting Rights, and Campaign Finance, and
a multitude of resources and tools that may be used to
learn about why it is important to mobilize The California
Indian community to vote and how to get Native issues
in the forefront of your candidate’s agenda. We hope
tribal communities will use the resources provided in
the trainings to begin thinking seriously and strategically
about political participation and voter mobilization.

In order to maximize the Native voice in the democratic
process and ensure national leadership that is responsive
to our concerns, it is critically important that American
Indian and Alaska Native populations participate in the
2006 elections in large numbers like we did in 2004. We
invite everyone from students, community members, and
tribal leaders to come share and learn about voting and
the political process by participating in the free
training provided by NCAI and Native Vote 2006! If you
should have any questions, please contact A-dae Romero
at aromero @ ncai.org or Irene Folstrom at
Ifolstrom @ ncai.org or Heather Thompson at
hthompson @ ncai.org. You can also call the NCAI office at

The following information is about the venue of the
Native Vote Training:

Holiday Inn SeaWorld
I-5 and Rosecrans
3737 Sports Arena Blvd.
San Diego, CA 92110
Phone: 619-881-6100
Fax: 619-224-9248


Karuk Spiritual Gathering Announced

"It's time to begin the healing," is the message for
the gathering scheduled for Saturday July 22nd at
Somes Bar, California. The leaders for the children's
traditional healing ceremony held at the Karuk
ancestral village of Katimiin (pronounced
cut-tim-meen) see the event as a major first step to
reversing the trauma caused when arsonists burned
downed their traditional dance house over the 4th of
July weekend. "The middle path is the Indian way,"
says Julian Lang, Karuk spiritual leader. "Our
ceremonies remind us of that fact," he continues. "So
when someone desecrates a sacred place, like burning
our dance house here, they are striking out against
the people."

The event is an "invitation to visit the house
extended to the Karuk, the Yurok and the Hupa and all
of the dancers, singers and people from other tribes
who have grown to love this place like we do. For many
of us that house is like a person, like a grandparent,
or a great grandparent."

Those interested in visiting the house can do so from
10 am until 5 pm. A series of presentations will be
made at 1:00 pm including an update on the criminal
investigation and announcing the plans to rebuild. A
communal meal of traditional foods will follow.

A new website has been set up to give updates and post
announcements concerning the arson attack, events and
news releases. The address is www.katimiin.karuk.org.
A community board is also set up for those who wish to
comment of the fire and its impact on the greater
community. For further information contact:


Below is the link where you can listen to the hearing on
503 today at 2PM to end horse slaughter in our country.


Karen A. Sussman
President, ISPMB
PO Box 55
Lantry, SD 57636
Tel: 605.964.6866
Cell: 605.365.6991
Saving America's Wild Horses & Burros since 1960



I hope you can help, if not then point me in the right direction.

I am trying to find out the meaning & origin of my
company’s name, Tahola.

I am told that it is an American Indian tribe – but I cannot
find any reference to it on the internet. All I can find is
the Quinault tribe that are located in Taholah, Washington.

Your help would be appreciated.

Chris Sutton
chris.sutton @ tahola.com


Movie Reviews:

"The Father Kino Story"

"The Father Kino Story" was released in 1977. The DVD I
watched was from a moderately good quality movie print.
This means there were some scratch marks, a few spots and
a bad splice, or two. The DVD has just a minimal menu. The
movie is also known as "Mission to Glory: A True Story"
and runs 93 minues long.

The movie starts off almost in mid-sentence. It offers no introduction.
It has the feel of a 1960s Walt Disney
wildlife adventure. While there are some excellent actors,
the quality of the filming leaves a lot to be desired.
Speaking of actors, this film has a laudry list of 1970s
era stars. Father Kino is played by Richard Egan. While
he may not be a household name, if you are familiar with
movies of this era, you will recognize his face. He is
backed up by Cesar Romero, Ricardo Montalban, Aldo Rey,
John Ireland, Michael Ansara, Keenan Wynn, Joseph
Campanella, Rory Calhoun and quite a few other faces you
may remember.

The movie is based on the real-life Jesuit missionary,
Father Eusebio Francisco Kino. His mission was to the
Indians of northwestern Pimeria Alta of New Spain (Mexico)
in the late 1600s and early 1700s. Egan's portrayal of
Kino is very sincere. Kino is presented as a man who
cares not only for the spiritual, but also the physical
well-being of the indigenous inhabitants of the area. He
documents the language of the local Indians

The movie starts with Kino ministering to the Guaicuro
Indians of La Paz, Baja California. At the time, California
was believed to be a long, narrow island. A drought forces
Kino's superiors to bring him back to "mainland" Mexico.
Despite Kino's wishes to return to California, he takes
up his new assignment with the Seri, Guaymas and Pima
Indians with enthusiasm. Kino's inroads into the Indian
community are threatened by the overzealous actions of
military leader Captain Solis. Solis, who became bitter
toward Indians after dealing with the Apache, leads his
soldiers against the local Indians, even when they are
not guilty of any misdeeds.

As movies go, it is a bit slow for modern audiences. As
history, it does a fair job of portraying the general
conditions and the basic history of Kino and the tribes
he encountered.

The DVD can be a bit hard to find, but it is available
through Netflix & Amazon.com, or the link below.



"Blossoms Of Fire:"

"Blossoms of Fire" was released in 2000. The DVD I watched
was from a very good quality movie print. The DVD has some
nice extras.

The basic premise of the 75 minute documentary is that
women are the social and political leaders of the Zapotecs
Indians on the Isthmus of Tehuantepec in Oaxaca, Mexico.
It is mostly in Spanish, with some of the local langauge,
as well. English subtitles are also available. The movie
looks at the daily lives of the local women, and some of
the men in their lives. It features some local music and
festivals. It is a bit of a behind-the-scenes look at
this colorful community. As in many documentaries, the
movie does not tell a story. Rather, it attempts to show
you what life in like in this rare area where women own
most of the businesses, and run the government.

To quote from IMDB.com: "Blossoms of Fire is a dazzling,
whirling dance of a film that celebrates the extraordinary
lives of the Isthmus Zapotecs of southern Oaxaca, Mexico,
whose strong work ethic and fierce independent streak
rooted in their culture, have resulted not only in
powerful women but also in the region's progressive
politics and their unusual tolerance of alternative gender

I spent a very short time in this area while traveling
south from Oaxaca to Chiapas. The movie accurately
reflects the colorful dress of the local people. While
I would not consider this a traveloge, it will let you
know something about this area.

You can find the DVD on Netflix & most online video services, or through
this link.

Here is the movie's website:


"The Transcontinental Railroad:"

"The Transcontinental Railroad" is part of PBS' 2005
American Experience series. It is two hours long, and
the DVD is nicely designed.

This program provides a very detailed inspection of the transcontinental
railroad and the processes which led to
its construction. It takes an unblinking look at the
people and politics involved in this monumental task.
Graft, corruption and indifference seem to have been
driving forces in this project. The people running the
railroad had little concern for the Chinese, Irish and
Civil War veterans who built it. They had even less
concern for the American Indians whose land the road
went through. Through the use of numerous photos and
personal accounts, the program paints a very vivid
picture of the project and the people involved. It also
looks at some of the settlers going through the area at
the same time.

American Indian scholar Don Fixico provides some
interesting insights into the American Indians of the time.

The DVD might not be appropriate for younger audiences.
While it is not graphic or its language abusive, this
program deals honestly with such issues as prostitution,
gun play and death during these hard times.

I found the program to be very interesting. It is available
through almost all video outlets, or this link.

Here is a link to the program's website:


10 Days That Unexpectedly Changed America: Massacre At

This 50 minute program is one episode of a series produced
for The History Channel in 2006. The DVD with this program
is number 1 in the series.

The premise of this series is that certain incidents led
to major changes in America. This program deals with the
conflicts between the settlers of Massachusetts and the
Pequots. Specifically, it addresses the massacre of the
Pequot village at Mystic by settlers and their Indian
allies on May 26, 1637.

I was very impressed by this production. It used
reenactments and offered detailed explanations of the
issues surrounding the war between the colonists and the
Indians. The Indian characters are well developed, and
the action scenes are fairly realistic for a cable TV

The overriding reason for the battle was that the English
settlers felt that they were more entitled to the land
than the Pequots. The reason why this incident changed
American can be found in how the English treated the
Pequots. Simply stated, they tried to exterminate them
as a people. Rather than just defeating them, they
killed almost the entire tribe. The few remaining Pequots
the English could find were sold into slavery. Their
language was also outlawed. The program also has a short
section on how the remnants of the Pequots have struggled
to hold on to their identity and heritage.

I highly recommend this program, and the entire series.
It is available though Netflix and most online video dealers, or this

Here is a line to the series' website:


Conquistadors by Michael Wood:

This four hour program is a series produced for PBS in
2000. The DVD comes with some extras, and the visual and
audio quality is good.

To quote from his online biography, "Michael Wood is the
writer and presenter of many critically acclaimed series
on television, including Art of the Western World, Legacy
and In the Footsteps of Alexander the Great. He is author
of over sixty TV films which have been shown worldwide
and of several best selling and highly praised books."
The production of the four programs which make up this
DVD took almost two years.

Michael Wood (and crew) explore paths through the New
World taken by four explorers. They include: The Fall Of
the Aztecs: Cortés; The Conquest of the Incas: Pizarro;
The Search for El Dorado: Orellana; and All the World
is Human: Cabeza de Vaca. He treats the time historical,
and his approach is not pro-European.

In each of these four programs, Wood retraces the steps
of the European explorers. He takes you to the actual
places where things happened. With Cortés, Wood takes you
to the Yucatan, Vera Cruz, Xico, Mexico City and the
surrounding areas. You can get an actual feel for what
these places were like and the ground they had to travel.
For Pizarro and Orellana, he explored the Andes and the
Amazon. And, for Cabeza de Vaca, he takes you along the
Gulf of Mexico, and the desert southwest of North America.

I have enjoyed all of Michael Wood's other programs and
recommend them highly. I really like his 'hands-on'
approach to history.

Herer are some links to websites about this program.

This DVD can be found through Netflix and almost all
online DVD services, or this link.


America's Stone Age Explorers:

"America's Stone Age Explorers" is a one hour program
which was produced for PBS' Nova series for 2005.

This program is what you would expect from Nova. It
features lots of scientists and experts talking about
when humans first appeared on the North American continent.
It deals with Clovis and Folsom. It also touches on
American Indian DNA issues and where common ancestors
can be found. They explore several theories as to how
people first got here. too. That is, they deal with most
of the scientific theories. The concept that American
Indians evolved here is not dealt with, since there is
little scientific evidence which support this idea.

The program takes you to several places where the major
discoveries have been made. Most theories felt that
American Indians first arrived in North American some
time around 20,000 years ago. This program shows the
evidence behind this theory. It also discusses some
other theories which place this date much earlier. Bison
kill sites are also visited.

I found the program to be very interesting and I recommend
it for all ages. The DVD can be found easily through
online services, or this link.

Here is a link to the program's website:


End Of The Spear:

"End Of The Spear" is 108 minutes long, and was released
in 2006. The DVD offers some extras.

This is a "based-on-fact" story of an encounter between
the bellicose Waodani Indians from the jungles of Ecuador
and some American missionaries in 1956. Due to a
misunderstanding, some Waodoni kill four missionaries.
The families of the missionaries 'turn the other cheek'
and continue to try to develope peaceful relations with
the Waodoni.

The movie is very nicely filmed and directed. In some
ways, it is almost too pretty considering the subject. The
Waodoni had a culture of attack and reprisals. The
missionaries were hoping to change them through love,
faith and understanding. Some of the movie's imagery makes
more sense if you have seen the original documentary
"Beyond the Gates of Splendor." Initially, I had some
problems distinguishing one person/character from another.
Knowing who did what is vital to the telling of this
story. And, the story is the overriding main point of
this movie. By refusing to give into desires for revenge,
love does conquer. The DVD also features some interviews
with the real family members of the original missionaries.

I do not normally deal in issues outside of North America,
but a couple of my newsletter's subscribers have asked me
about this movie.

Of the two, I rate Beyond the Gates of Splendor above
End Of The Spear. However, I believe both are worth your
time, especially if you value the concept of peace and

Both DVDs can be found through most online video resources
or at these links.



Here are some websites for the movies:


Next Month:

Fort Apache:
Cheyenne Autumn:
Mayans & Aztecs: Ancient Lands Of The Americas:



Tribal Nation files suit
Schaghticokes sue lobbyist and locals

By Lynda Wellman, STAFF WRITER, New Milford Spectrum,
July 14, 2006

Claiming there is a culture of corruption in Washington,
D.C., the Schaghticoke Tribal Nation has filed suit against
some of those who fought against the tribe’s 2004 federal
The Tribal Nation on Monday officially sued the Washington
lobbying firm of Barbour Griffith & Rogers, the Kent-based
Town Action to Save Kent (TASK), and Ken Cooper, a Kent
An appeal panel overturned the recognition decision in
May 2005, and in October the United States Department of
the Interior upheld that reversal.
Federal officials said the Tribal Nation failed to meet
two of the seven mandatory requirements for federal
recognition — continuous political authority and community.
Tribal members say tens of thousands of documents show
that the tribe has had a continuous history. The
Schaghticokes have asked a federal court to overturn
that reversal, and that request is still pending.
The Tribal Nation filed its civil lawsuit Monday in the
Superior Court of the District of Columbia.
The lawsuit alleges that TASK worked in concert with
Congressman Nancy Johnson (R-5th), Gov. Jodi Rell,
Connecticut Attorney General Richard Blumenthal and
State Senator Andrew Roraback (R-30th) and the town
of Kent to orchestrate “improper and illegal conduct”
in Washington.
It claims that effort “included secret and ex parte
communications with [federal] agency officials” and
“backroom deals” with officials at the Department of
the Interior and Bureau of Indian Affairs. The
complaint alleges that the defendants knowingly violated
the rules and regulations that govern the tribal
recognition process and the letter and spirit of a
federal court order that governed the Schaghticoke
tribe’s recognition process. The lawsuit alleges that
Mr. Cooper, a founding member and president of TASK,
“orchestrated this improper ‘beneath the radar’ effort”
in order to “subvert the integrity of the tribal
acknowledgment process.” Mr. Cooper could not be reached
for comment, and a spokesman for Barbour, Griffith &
Rogers said the firm had not seen the complaint and
declined to comment.
“We believe Mr. Cooper, his group TASK and his hired
lobbyists served one purpose — to further the culture
of corruption in Washington, D.C.,” Chief Richard Velky
of the Schaghticoke Tribal Nation said at a press
conference in Hartford on Monday.   “The complaint
alleges these individuals knowingly violated federal
law, ignored a federal judge’s order so they could
manipulate a federal agency’s decision,” Chief Velky said.
“Their actions were carried out in secret, far from
public sight, denying the tribe a fair opportunity to
comment or respond to their actions.”
The lawsuit also alleges that throughout the process,
the defendants “publicly boasted about their ability
to use their considerable political influence and the
access that such influence provided, to sabotage the
Mr. Blumenthal, who has actively opposed federal
recognition for the tribe, said the allegations are
without foundation or merit. He said the lawsuit
“is nothing more than a renewed effort to distract
from the real issue — the Schaghticoke group’s abject
failure to meet the legal standard for federal
The Schaghticokes’ civil complaint also alleges the
defendants’ conduct interfered with the prospective
government-to-government relationship between the
tribe and the United States. With federal recognition,
Chief Velky said, the tribe would have had access to
millions in federal dollars to manage the 400-acre
Schaghticoke reservation in Kent, as well as
healthcare and educational benefits for tribal members.
The suit will not change the tribe’s recognition
status but the tribe is seeking “punitive damages
based on the defendants’ gross disregard and/or
willful indifference to the rights of the tribe.”
“In our opinion, the residents of Connecticut would
want to know if a handful of wealthy, powerful
individuals hijacked a federal process to serve their
own purposes and agenda,” Chief Velky said in a press
release. “Turning a blind eye to their actions only
furthers the culture of corruption in our state and
federal governments,” the chief said. “Our opponents
will try to distort the intent of this lawsuit. The
fact is that this action is about fairness, openness
and honesty in government something every resident in
Connecticut deserves from their government.”


That's it for now.

Have a great month.

Phil Konstantin

End of Phil Konstantin's July 2006 Newsletter - Part 2
Start of Phil Konstantin's July 2006 Newsletter - Part 3


I knew I was forgetting something. Here are the winning
essays for this year's student essay contest.

Unfortunately, I did not receive any High School or
College level essays.


The winning essay was from Little Faron Tewa from Phoenix.

What Everyone needs to know about my tribe:

I should say what everyone needs to know about my tribe(s).
I can’t speak for my tribes and I think that’s a sad thing.

I live in a big city with lots and lots of people, I have
been placed in Spanish speaking class, while I have not
learned my own languages. I have gone to pow-wows and
my mom tells me they aren’t the same out here as they
are where she is from.

I have gone to Hopi Kachina ceremonies and sometimes I
have been scared even though my dad tells me they are
good for our land, animals and corn. My grandfather
is a very powerful man, who lives in Washington D.C.
but he chooses to not even know me, why? What did I
do? I know nothing about my tribe from him. I am so
confused when I go to drumming class and I learn Apache
and Navajo songs, but I’m not Apache or Navajo.

What everyone needs to know about my tribes, is
something I can’t answer, as I am looking for that
answer myself. Am I lost in this big city? My mom
teaches me little pieces of the Gros Ventre Language
as she learns it herself. But I have no one to talk
it with and I have to always ask her what does that
mean again? My mom is trying to give us our traditions,
I don’t know how she can do it, when she lived in
this big city all her life, I think she is just as
confused as I am. She is always telling me to have
respect for things and when I ask her why she says,
you just do. I think it’s more than that! We have
kachina dolls hanging on our walls, but we have no
girls in our family, except my mom and she isn’t even
Hopi. We have a northern traditional bustle hanging
in our dining room like a work of art in a museum or
something, but my mom says it’s there so that it won’t
get ruined. There are about 6 pow-wows a year here
because we can’t ever afford to go anywhere else and
me or my little brother try to dance with that bustle,
nothing else, except a string of bells, but the rest
of the year it just hangs there. Our entertainment
center has a huge 36 inch TV that is surrounded by Hopi
and Mojave Pottery, kachina dolls, Hopi Rattles, an
Alaskan Doll, a flute, and other things, our walls are
decorated with pictures of brother wolf, brother bear
and Indians from days gone by.

What about my tribe do I need you to know about, I need
you to know that people in my drum group tell me how
proud they are of me that I am learning traditional ways
and I should be honored that I am learning to keep these
traditions alive and not lose them, but my friends,
that’s not true they are lost, and we in these big citys
are lost and trying hard to get any sense of who we are,
who we were and where do we belong.

How do you chose which traditions to learn when there
is no one around to teach you? How do you chose which
traditions to learn when you are mixed with 3 different
tribes, with 3 different creation stories, 3 different
traditional foods, 3 different languages, 3 different
everything? How do I chose my traditional ways when I
am faced with street violence, gangs, drugs and half
my family in prison? I want to be this person that
people will look at with pride and respect so remember
who I want to become; I am Little Faron Tewa, Hopi,
Gros-Ventre and Mojave Boy lost in a big city looking
for myself.

That’s what I need everyone to know.


This is one of the two runners-up...

What Everyone Needs to Know About my Tribe

The Saginaw Chippewa tribe is the coolest tribe ever.
In 1855 and 1864, tribal members signed a treaty with
the U.S. government, creating a list of Chippewa members
and in 1867 U.S. government listed 1,555 tribal members,
who are entitled to land under earlier treaties. Also
in 1993 (The year I was born) the tribe opens the
Soaring Eagle Casino. The colors that represent our
tribe are red, yellow, black, and white.

7th Generation their main goal is and I quote "The
purpose of the Seventh Generation Program is to provide
a culturally experienced team facility, which will
provide education and practice for community members
to learn the Traditional Anishnaabe way of life."

The Ziibiwing Center is a place for families of all
ages to learn a little about our culture and history.
It provides a chance to look at how our people lived
hundreds of years ago when there was no cars, 'proper
clothing'ť, or any of the other things modern day
civilization offers like no T.V. no DVD's no VCR no
cameras and no stove. The way you cooked your food
was by open flame and you had to hunt (if you were
a male between the ages of about 14-45) and then,
after that you were an elder. The women cooked and
took care of the family.

Saginaw Chippewa Academy is one of the two schools
on the reservation. At the Saginaw Chippewa Academy,
they teach us about our culture and they teach us the
language. But, in a fun way, in that we get to play
games like they did back in the olden days. We still
get regular classes but also a few extra ones like
Language & Culture. We have recess (sometimes) with
(almost) a full playground that's open to the community.

We have the gym where they have basketball teams for
the tribe and baseball teams, softball teams and
volleyball. The gym is also open to the public. The
gym is connected to the Tribes public library, so
that kids can come in use the computers, play board
games, watch movies, and read.

The other school is Aabizikaawin for high school and
adult education. They go on trips and they have school
events. My brother went there and they went to Arizona
to visit the Grand Canyon. They also went to New York
and Connecticut and Niagara Falls. They cooked their
own food; they would sleep in tents except they had
to set them up right when they got there because they
would go hiking or fishing.

Allison Sprague Grade 7th Saginaw Chippewa Academy   


This is the other of the two runners-up...

What Everyone Needs to Know About my Tribe

I am from the Saginaw Chippewa Indian Tribe. My tribe
is located in Mount Pleasant, Michigan but, 10,000 years
ago we lived in what is now Nova Scotia down to the
Carolinas. During 900 A.D., our tribe began their walk
to the Great Lakes of Michigan searching for the food
that grows on water (rice). They eventually made it to
Michigan and formed the Three Fires Confederacy around
the 1200 to 1300's.

During 1795-1838, we signed 7 treaties and gave up almost
all of our land. Then, we signed 2 treaties with the
United States around 1855-1864 to establish the Isabella
Indian Reservation. There are 12 members of Tribal
Council and the current chief of our Tribal Council is
Fred Cantu. Some of our people can even speak Ojibwe or Anishinabemowin
which is our sacred language.

I go to school at the Saginaw Chippewa Academy which
is a Native American school in our tribe. There is also
a Tribal College, a gym and a daycare. We also have a
building called Elijah Elk Cultural Center where my
school visits on Thursdays. They have a kitchen, a stone
shop, a woodshop and a greenhouse out back of the
Cultural Center.

The Tribe also owns the Soaring Eagle which is a casino
and resort. The casino was built around 1999. Some people
I have met know how to make baskets and almost all of my
family can bead. We have Pow-wows where people in regalia
or traditional outfits come out and dance. There are
three types of women's dances. They are Fancy Shawl,
Traditional and Jingle. There are also three types of
men's dances. They are called Traditional, Fancy and Grass.

Tribal Members or people who are at least 1/4 Native
American get percapita (money from the casino) and there
are more than 2,000 tribal members. The tribe owns around
1,500 acres of land. We also have a building called the
Ziibiwing Center of Anishnabe Culture and Lifeways that
was just opened in 2004. This building contains a cafe,
a gift shop , many exhibits about our culture, some old
artifacts and some beadwork by a couple members in my
family. That's what everyone should know about my tribe.

By: Shannon Avery
8th grade
Saginaw Chippewa Academy


That's it for now.

Have a great month.

Phil Konstantin

End of Phil Konstantin's July 2006 Newsletter - Part 3

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