July 2005 Newsletter from
"This Day in North American Indian History"
by Phil Konstantin
Copyright © Phil Konstantin (1996-2006)

Click Here To Return To The Previous Website


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Start of Phil Konstantin’s July 2005 Newsletter – Part 1
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Greetings,

My newsletter for this month will be a bit delayed.

Yesterday, I had what is called an "open" surgery on
my left hand for carpal tunnel syndrome. I am wearing
a big bandage which looks something like what a boxer
wears before they put on their gloves. During the
operation, the local painkillers were not enough, so
I had to get a general anesthetic. That was a first
for me. The doctor said the operation went well, and
he expects a good recovery. The operation was
considered a 'minor procedure.'

This morning, the numbness has finally started to
leave my arm. Now it will start to hurt a bit.

So, when all of my fingers start to work again, I'll
get around to putting out this month's newsletter.

That’s all for now.

Stay safe,

Phil

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End of Phil Konstantin’s July 2005 Newsletter – Part 1
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Start of Phil Konstantin’s July 2005 Newsletter – Part 2
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Greetings,

My left hand is starting to feel better. I had surgery
for carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) on July 1st. The scar
is about the size of a dime. The bruise is bigger than
a dollar bill. I still have to be careful what I do with
that hand. While the doctor told me the operation went
well, and my hand appears to be healing properly, it might
be as long as a full year before all remnents of the
operation have cleared up. Some of the more obvious problems
related to my CTS have gone. So, overall, things appear to
be positive. Thank you to all of you who sent me get well
notes. I truly appreciated them.

As most of you have probably figured out, I am a bit of
a trivia fan. From time to time I visit a website called
Sploofus. Starting in the next couple of days, I will be
sending you an invitation to check it out. There is no
obligation, of course. The site has some really fun quizzes.
They are still just getting going. They have started
giving out some prizes to contest winners. As time goes
by, and they get more members and sponsors, they hope
to increase the number and sizes of the prizes. You might
want to check it out when you get the e-mail. If you are
not interested, just delete the e-mail.

Phil

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The “Link of the Month” for July 2005 is “David Pego's
Corner.“ According to this page, “David Pego has been a
writer and editor for more than three decades. The first
American Indian winner of the McCormick Tribune Fellowship,
he has been an influential figure in native journalism
and education since being selected by the first President
Bush as delegate to the historic White House Conference
on Indian Education in 1991." But David was much more
than that. David passed on in June. I recommend visiting
his website to learn more about him, his thoughts, and
his life.

You can visit this website here:
http://davidpego.com/

You can read one of his many obituaries here:
http://www.imdiversity.com/villages/asian/david_pego_obituary0605.asp

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Treaty of the Month:

TREATY WITH THE CHEROKEE, 1791. July 2, 1791. | 7 Stat., 39. |
Proclamation, Feb. 7, 1792

Some of the matters covered by this treaty are: Peace and
friendship perpetual; Indians acknowledge protection of
United States; Prisoners to be restored; Boundaries;
Stipulation for a road; United States to regulate trade;
No citizen to settle on Indian lands, nor hunt on the same;
Indians to deliver up criminals; Citizens of United States
committing crimes in Indian territory to be punished;
Retaliation restrained; Cherokees to give notice of designs
against United States; United States to make presents;
Animosities to cease; Increase of annual payment to Indians.


You can see a transcription of the treaty here:
http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/che0029.htm




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News:


One Nation leader may be kicked out of tribe
http://onenationoklies.com/phpBB2/viewtopic.php?p=242&

"Sequoyah," The state that almost was
http://www.tahlequahdailypress.com/articles/2005/07/08/news/top_stories/asequoyah.txt


Scientists study mystery of Kennewick Man
http://www.casperstartribune.net/articles/2005/07/09/news/regional/1ec041d302b7b2f487257037006e954a.txt


Essays from Native American youth on the Point Arena Manchester
reservation
http://news.ncmonline.com/news/view_article.html?article_id=90e6229c4e4f03c7222250197ffc3337


Legislation seeks full story on Trail of Tears
http://www.chron.com/cs/CDA/ssistory.mpl/nation/3250180

In the Desert, a Soul's Journey vs. Water Risk - A tribe
aims to remove a treatment plant from the Topock Maze area,
which it views as sacred.
http://www.nathpo.org/News/Sacred_Sites/News-Sacred_Sites113.htm

Lieutenant Governor speaks out on aboriginal inequities
http://www.newswire.ca/en/releases/archive/June2005/21/c4492.html

Tribal leaders work to address social problems, regain treaty rights
http://www.heraldandnews.com/articles/2005/06/22/news/top_stories/toptribe.prt


Revitalization of Native American Economies a Priorityfor U. S.
Department of Commerce
http://www.mbda.gov/?section_id=1&bucket_id=7&content_id=3272

Did ancient Polynesians visit California? Maybe so. Scholars revive idea
using linguistic ties, Indian headdress
http://www.sfgate.com/cgi-bin/article.cgi?file=/c/a/2005/06/20/MNG9GDBBLG1.DTL


Board of Education Reconsiders Mascot
http://www.zwire.com/site/news.cfm?newsid=14829719&BRD=1380&PAG=461&dept_id=157533&rfi=6


Indiana prison takes FBI agents’ killer
http://www.fortwayne.com/mld/journalgazette/news/local/12074524.htm

Titla launches Native Youth magazine
http://www.silverbelt.com/articles/2005/07/06/apache_moccasin/apache04.txt


JAT sets hearing for gay marriage case
http://www.cherokee.org/Phoenix/2005/PhoenixPage.asp?ID=1650

Federal officials struggle with problem of Indian suicides
http://www.wstm.com/Global/story.asp?S=3568912

Salmon Ruins undergo emergency renovation
http://www.daily-times.com/cgi-bin/artman/exec/view.cgi?archive=151&num=19327


American Indian groups plan to seek state recognition
http://www.wistv.com/Global/story.asp?S=3568896&nav=0RaPbtjq

Utes had pivotal water role
http://www.cortezjournal.com/asp-bin/article_generation.asp?article_type=news&article_path=/news/05/news050707_7.htm


Family provides legacy of leaders
http://www.cortezjournal.com/asp-bin/article_generation.asp?article_type=news&article_path=/news/05/news050707_2.htm


Redskins, Braves will get new IDs
http://www.tucsoncitizen.com/index.php?page=pro&story_id=070605c1_along.wed


Indian nicknames face NCAA scrutiny
http://www.usatoday.com/sports/college/other/2005-06-23-indian-nicknames_x.htm


NCAA: Keep your eye on the ball
http://www.indiancountry.com/content.cfm?id=1096410987&print=yes

Separating the chiefs from the Indians - The Air Force’s top chief wants
to break with a tradition that some call less-than-sacred
http://www.rlnn.com/ArtJune05/SeparatingChiefsIndians.html

O’Connor’s tenure filled with key Indian law cases
http://www.rlnn.com/ArtJuly05/OConnorFilledIndianLawCases.html

Educators learn to teach history with an Indian perspective
http://www.montana.edu/commserv/csnews/nwview.php?article=427

Gervais completes walking journey.
http://www.goldentrianglenews.com/articles/2005/07/07/glacier_reporter/news/news5.txt


Maryland boy wearing bolo tie denied diploma - Teen sought to honor
Cherokee background
http://www.boston.com/news/nation/articles/2005/06/11/maryland_boy_wearing_bolo_tie_denied_diploma/


Concerns raised about on-reserve fire-fighting gear - Canada
http://sask.cbc.ca/regional/servlet/View?filename=reserve-firefighting

American Indian Youths Preserve the Past, One Word at a Time
http://news.ncmonline.com/news/view_article.html?article_id=36c877df78051f0526db4e11862e9386


Students urged to tell story of American Indians
http://www.aberdeennews.com/mld/aberdeennews/news/11901479.htm

Barona Indians allow landowners to use tribal road
http://www.signonsandiego.com/news/northcounty/20050709-9999-7m9barona.html


Northeast crossings present problems
http://www.indiancountry.com/content.cfm?id=1096411202

UKB decries change to Living Treasure nominations
http://www.tahlequahdailypress.com/articles/2005/07/08/news/top_stories/aaaaaukb.txt


Former UKB councilor appeals court's decision on his successor's
candidacy
http://www.tahlequahdailypress.com/articles/2005/07/08/news/top_stories/aaaukb.txt


Unwanted patrols add to uncertainty in Southwest
http://www.indiancountry.com/content.cfm?feature=yes&id=1096411204

Meskwaki mother frustrated by laws that let tribe block adoption
http://www.whotv.com/Global/story.asp?S=3558051

Tribe wants island's name changed (Squaw Island)
http://www.kgw.com/sharedcontent/APStories/stories/D8B5GES00.html

Assembly of First Nations gets down to business
http://north.cbc.ca/regional/servlet/View?filename=afn-assembly-start05072005


Out of the Cupboard and up with the Smoke Signals: Cinematic
Representations of American Indians in the Nineties
http://pcasacas.org/SPC/spcissues/24.1/stromberg.htm

Batttle of Pechuwe to be re-enacted
http://www.springfieldnewssun.com/news/content/news/stories/2005/07/10/sns0710reenactors1A.html


State, tribes discuss options for Cama Beach - The Tulalip Tribes may
ask the state to set aside land where ancient remains could be reburied.
http://heraldnet.com/stories/05/07/09/100loc_cama001.cfm

Graves may tell story of terrible epidemic
http://www.kansas.com/mld/kansas/news/nation/11787188.htm

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E-mails from subscribers and visitors to my websites:

-------------------

Sameer Bhardwaj ; wrote:

Hello,

Do you any native Amercian voiceover who has experience for "spots"
recording ? (male/female)

Pls ask them to contact at dubb-@vsnl.net

rgds,
Sameer

+919820150867

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From Ruth Garby Torres (Schaghticoke):


Tribe May Get Another Chance

If Judge Approves, Schaghticokes Can Submit More Data

By RICK GREEN
Courant Staff Writer

July 7 2005

A final decision on whether there will be another federally
recognized Indian tribe in Connecticut - and, potentially,
a third gambling casino - could hang on a handful of forgotten marriages
from the mid-19th century.

In a surprising turnaround, the federal Bureau of Indian
Affairs now says it will allow the Schaghticoke Tribal
Nation to submit new evidence that might demonstrate a
higher rate of Indian-to-Indian marriages from that era.
The marriages are considered crucial because if there
were enough of them, it could prove that the Schaghticokes
lived as a tribe during a period for which there remains
scant evidence of their survival.

On Wednesday, lawyers for the Schaghticokes were reluctant
to comment on the BIA's change of heart because it still
must be approved by U.S. District Judge Peter Dorsey. The
BIA made its proposal late last week, in the form of court
documents filed by the U.S. attorney's office in New Haven.

"It's an alternative they have proposed and we are happy
to work with it," said Guy S. Michael, a lawyer for the
Schaghticokes. "We've always been hopeful."

Lately, the tribe's prospects have looked bleak, ever
since an administrative appeals panel at the federal
Interior Department overturned the BIA's recognition of
the Schaghticokes on May 12 and sent the matter back for
reconsideration. Days later, the BIA informed the tribe
that it would not accept any new evidence as it began a
final review of the Schaghticokes, who have sought federal
recognition since 1981.

The Schaghticokes have been opposed by an aggressive and
outspoken coalition, including Gov. M. Jodi Rell, the
state's congressional delegation and influential residents
of Kent, a town of about 3,000 in rural Litchfield County.

Reversing a stance it took in May, the BIA is now offering
the Schaghticokes a chance to submit "historical documents
or historical evidence concerning marriages of Schaghticoke
members." The BIA is also proposing that a final decision
on the Schaghticokes be pushed back 30 days to Oct. 12.

Whether anything happens at all is up to Dorsey, who is
overseeing the Schaghticoke recognition due to pending
federal lawsuits involving the tribal reservation in Kent.
One is a dispute over the Appalachian Trail, which runs
through a portion of the reservation, and the others
involve claims made by the tribe for reservation land it
says was illegally sold.

Attorney General Richard Blumenthal said the state would
file an objection in court today because federal regulations
do not allow new evidence to be submitted.

"They have been afforded abundant opportunity to submit
every piece of evidence on marriage rates that they have,"
Blumenthal said.

"We assumed the record was closed," added Jeffrey B.
Sienkiewicz, a lawyer for the town of Kent. The Schaghticokes
"had 20 years to figure out who was married to who. Why
didn't they turn it in?"

Tribal leaders and Kent First Selectwoman Dolores Schiesel
did not return messages requesting comment.

The tribe's 19th-century marriage rates and Connecticut's
long history of formal relations with the tribe figured
prominently in the BIA's decision in January 2004 to grant
recognition to the Schaghticokes. In May, responding to
an appeal by the state and the town of Kent, an Interior
panel tossed out the recognition, saying the BIA could
not rely on state recognition to compensate for periods
for which additional evidence was lacking.

Under Interior Department regulations, marriage rates
among tribal members may be used as evidence to prove
the Indians were living as a distinct community with
political influence over its members. Rates of marriage
exceeding 50 percent are considered sufficient proof.
Last December, the Interior Department revealed that it
had made a "material mathematical error in the [marriage
rate] calculations for 1841-1850, which when corrected
lowers the calculation to less than 50 percent."

The Kent-based Schaghticokes have had a state reservation
since the mid-1700s. Members of the Schaghticoke Tribal
Nation say they would like to build a casino in Bridgeport
and housing on the Kent reservation.

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State of Connecticut and Town of Kent File Motion Objecting
to Surprise Move by the Bureau of Indian Affairs to Allow
New Evidence in the Petition by the Schaghticoke Tribal
Nation to Seek Federal Recognition

By David Parker

The state of Connecticut and the town of Kent Thursday
filed an objection to a surprise move by the Bureau of
Indian Affairs to allow new evidence in its reconsideration
of federal recognition of the Schaghticoke Tribal Nation.

The objection was filed by Connecticut Attorney General
Richard Blumenthal with U.S. District Court Judge Peter
Dorsey in response to a court filing filed Tuesday by
the BIA in which it said it now will accept additional
evidence from the Schaghticoke Tribal Nation on tribal
marriage rates in the 19th century. The BIA also proposed
to extend the deadline for reconsideration of the federal
recognition issue from Sept. 12 until Oct. 12.

“The state parties do not agree to, and oppose, the BIA’s
proposal…to modify the scheduling order,” said a motion
filed by Blumenthal on behalf of the state, the town of
Kent, the Connecticut Light & Power Corporation and the
Kent School.

The Blumenthal motion continued:

“It should be noted that in …its July 5 counterproposal,
the plaintiff seeks a sweeping modification permitting
the STN to submit evidence supporting ‘criterion during
the nineteen century’ – in effect asking to reopen the
evidentiary record for a century concerning (political
authority). This is improper and goes well beyond the
scope of the plaintiff’s own original motion and the BIA’s
alternative proposal…. This should be rejected out of
hand. The time for finality in the submission of evidence
has long since passed…the plaintiff’s motive should be
denied and the plaintiff’s proposals and the BIA’s
alternative proposal should be rejected.”

Judge Dorsey has before him long-standing land claims
by the tribe. He had issued the original scheduling
order for the BIA's recognition process. Whether the
tribe gets federal recognition may heavily influence
its standing in those land claim cases, and hence their
outcome.

Kent is home to the state's 450-acre Schaghticoke
Indian reservation. At stake for the town is not only
potential creation of a near-autonomous entity within
its borders but the outcome of the land claim cases.
The town, which maintains a dirt road past the reservation,
is one defendant. The STN also claims nearly 2,000
additional acres held by defendants including Kent School
and the Connecticut Light and Power Co.

Residents in town meetings over several years have
committed $300,000 to Kent's share of costs for defending
the land claims and for challenging the STN recognition
efforts.

Kent First Selectman Lorry Schiesel said Thursday she
was surprised to learn of the BIA's latest move.

"The STN has had plenty of time - years - to make its
case with regards to the marriage rates and to seek
technical assistance from the BIA," said Schiesel

Both the town and the state recently filed their
opposition with Dorsey to a recent petition by the
STN that he allow the tribe to file additional
evidence on the issue of marriage rates. Dorsey has
yet to rule on the STN motion.

An Interior Department internal review this spring
vacated the BIA's recognition of the Schaghticokes,
citing as a principal defect the bureau's reliance
on a faulty reading of those marriage rates. The
Interior Department review board ordered the BIA
review of its recognition decision.

"I see this latest move as an attempt to get more
evidence in after the deadline," Schiesel said.

Town Attorney Jeffrey Sienkiewicz said Thursday that
the BIA "probably does have authority to solicit new
briefs if it wants to. But it seems to me quite
improper for the evidentiary record to be opened up
again at this stage" when the BIA six weeks ago said
it had been closed.

"Clearly it prejudices the town of Kent," Sienkiewicz
said. "This was a surprise. We have been operating
under the assumption that the record was closed."

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Fight for tribal recognition divides small town

This link will take you to WNPR's page where you can
listen to an interview with Courant reporter Rick Green.
In the right-hand side of the page there are several
other links to other related radio programs.

http://www.publicbroadcasting.net/wnpr/news.newsmain?action=article&ARTICLE_ID=787754


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Hartford Courant feature on Schaghticoke-Part 1

This link will hopefully take you to the story. On that
page you will also find links to photos and video. Stay
tuned for the continuing series of stories.

http://www.courant.com/news/local/hc-kent1.artjun26,0,3741324.story?coll=hc-big-headlines-breaking


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From: Rob Kruszynski

For a Tribe in Texas, an Era of Prosperity Undone by Politics

By FOX BUTTERFIELD

EL PASO - There are no customers at the Speaking Rock Casino
now. Inside the adobe building, built by the Tigua Indians
to look like a large pueblo-style home, it is eerily silent
and dark, no clinking coins, no 24-hour-a-day bright lights.

The 1,500 slot machines that attracted 100,000 visitors a
month to the casino, earning the small Tigua tribe $60 million
a year, are gone, taken away after the State of Texas won a
federal lawsuit three years ago declaring that the tribe
did not have the right to run a casino here on their
ancestral land, the oldest settlement in Texas.

The Tiguas' efforts to get their casino reopened and their
dealings with Washington insiders promising access and
influence got them caught up in the spreading investigations
involving the lobbyist Jack Abramoff and Republican political
figures, including the House majority leader, Tom DeLay, and
Ralph Reed, the former director of the Christian Coalition
who is running for lieutenant governor in Georgia.

But here on the dusty east side of El Paso, where the casino
overlooks the Rio Grande and Juárez, Mexico, this is less a
story about machinations in Washington than about how a tribe
lifted itself out of centuries of poverty into sudden
prosperity, complete with good wages, health insurance and
college scholarships for its 1,300 members, only to see
its fortunes plummet.

"In two or three years it will be back to the way it was
before we had gaming," said Arturo Senclair, the tribal
governor. "Then we'll be dependent on whatever federal
money we can get, after we tried so hard to be
self-sufficient."

All but 82 of the 1,000 casino employees have been laid
off. Those remaining have had their wages cut and have
lost their free medical insurance, 401(k) retirement plans
and paid vacations.

Also gone are the $15,000 annual distributions to each
member of the tribe from casino profits, almost equal
to the median per capita income in El Paso of $17,000.

How the Tiguas got their casino, lost it and have tried to
get it back is a complex tale of gambling and politics
involving newcomers to the political arena with money to
burn and Washington lobbyists seeking profit. It took
several steps and several years for the Tiguas to open
their casino. In 1987 they won federal recognition as a
tribe with their own reservation, as long as they followed
the law of Texas.

The next year, Congress passed the Indian Gaming Regulatory
Act, which authorizes tribes to open casinos on their
reservations if their state permits gambling. In 1991,
by constitutional referendum, Texas voters approved several
forms of gambling, including a state lottery and horse
and dog racing.

The Tiguas seized on the referendum as the legal rationale
for opening their casino. In 1993 they tried to sign a
gaming compact with Gov. Ann W. Richards making clear
their legal authority to run the casino. When she declined,
they won a ruling by a federal district judge ordering
Texas to negotiate the compact, and went into business.

The casino had been open five years when Gov. George W.
Bush campaigned for re-election in 1998. One of his main
themes was his opposition to gambling and, in particular,
to the Tigua casino, which by then was one of the biggest
businesses in El Paso.

"There ought not to be casino gambling in the state of
Texas, any shape or form of it," Governor Bush said then,
taking a stance that put him in line with Christian
conservatives and that he repeated in his presidential
campaign. Mr. Bush said the casino violated the law,
since Texas did not permit casinos. To the Tiguas, the
1988 law allowing Indians to open casinos and the 1991
referendum permitting gambling gave them legal authority.

Profits from the casino made the Tiguas political players,
giving them money to make contributions. In 1998 they gave
$100,000 to Mr. Bush's Democratic opponent, Gary Mauro. It
was the logical choice, since El Paso was the last Democratic stronghold
in Texas, and the Tiguas enjoyed a close
relationship with President Bill Clinton, said Tom Diamond,
the tribe's lawyer.

After his re-election as governor, Mr. Bush got the
Legislature to appropriate $100,000 for the state's attorney
general, John Cornyn, now a Republican senator, to take
legal action against the tribe. Dana Perino, a White House spokeswoman,
said there was no connection between the Tiguas'
campaign contribution and Mr. Bush's stance.

"The president long supported closing the casino because
it was operating illegally," Ms. Perino said. "While the
voters of Texas had approved a state lottery, they had not
approved casino gambling." Mr. Cornyn sued in federal court
in 1999 and ultimately won in 2002.

By 1999, Mr. Abramoff, the lobbyist, had hired Mr. Reed,
the former head of the Christian Coalition, on behalf of
the Coushatta tribe of Louisiana, which had a casino in
Louisiana near the Texas border and wanted to block
competition in Texas. Mr. Reed was to drum up support
among conservative Christians for Mr. Cornyn's legal
attack on the Tigua casino.

Mr. Senclair has a file folder with 250 e-mail messages
from Mr. Abramoff; his partner, Michael Scanlon; Mr. Reed;
and others that he says outlines tactics for closing the
Tigua casino and, after it was closed, for getting money
from the Tiguas to win its reopening.

The messages were provided by the Senate Committee on
Indian Affairs, which has been investigating whether Mr.
Abramoff and others defrauded Indian tribes. The committee
plans to hold hearings this month on its findings, said
Andrea Jones, a spokeswoman for the committee chairman,
Senator John McCain, Republican of Arizona.

In one message dated Feb. 11, 2002, the day of the court
ruling against the Tiguas, Mr. Abramoff wrote to Mr.
Scanlon: "I wish those moronic Tiguas were smarter in
their political contributions. I'd love us to get our
mitts on that moolah!! Oh well, stupid folks get wiped
out."

Four days later, the Tigua leaders say, Mr. Abramoff
arrived in El Paso with a plan to reopen the casino by
getting a powerful Republican congressman to insert
an amendment in an unrelated bill.

The cost was $4.2 million paid to Mr. Scanlon, $2 million
of which he sent to Mr. Abramoff, according to the Senate investigation.
The Tiguas were also told to make $300,000
in political contributions to Republicans in Washington or
to their political action committees, which they did, Mr.
Senclair said.

To Mr. Diamond, the tribe's lawyer, the Tiguas were not
naïve. Everything Mr. Abramoff promised to do he had done
for other tribes, and his plan was the same as one their
previous advisers had proposed.

But, Mr. Senclair said, "We were betrayed."

Earlier this year the Tiguas got back about half the $4.2
million in a settlement with Mr. Abramoff's former law
firm over his role in working to close and then reopen
the casino.

Andrew Blum, a spokesman for Mr. Abramoff's lawyer, said
it was a lie to suggest that Mr. Abramoff had a conflict
of interest. Mr. Abramoff was not trying to get the Tigua
casino closed, Mr. Blum said. Instead, he was taking aim
at another Indian casino near Houston, and when the Tigua
casino closed, "Mr. Abramoff then sought to help the
Tiguas where he could," Mr. Blum said in an e-mail message.

But the slot machines are still gone, replaced by
"entertainment machines" that dispense only credits for
consumer goods. And the years of prosperity are slipping
away. Lori Rivera, 40, once the supervisor in the casino's
cashier's office, is in many ways the embodiment of the
tale. She grew up in a one-room mud shack without running
water or electricity. She got a job in the casino, and
as the profits rolled in, she became eligible for a new
house on a reservation of 300 acres of former pecan
orchards that the Tiguas had bought.

The new reservation looks like an upscale subdivision of
two-story homes. At its entrance is a large fitness center
with a weight room, a basketball court and an Olympic-size
swimming pool. But on a recent afternoon, the pool was empty.
Too many people have had to leave El Paso to find work,
said Carlos Hisa, the tribal lieutenant governor.

Ms. Rivera is worried about what will happen to her two
grandchildren, as the tribal leaders have begun cutting
stipends for school.

"Before the casino, most Tigua kids didn't stay in school
because they were so poor they couldn't afford shoes, and
they were embarrassed," Ms. Rivera said. "Everything was
going really well. Now we're going backwards."


-------------------

From Veronica Vasquez:

The Society of American Indian Government Employees (SAIGE)
is hosting their Second Annual National Training Conference,
August 15th - 18th, 2005, in Washington, D.C. This year’s
conference will be held at the Holiday Inn Capitol,
550 C Street, SW. The theme for this year’s conference is:
“Strengthening the Circle: Mind, Body, Spirit, and Community.”

SAIGE is a national non-profit organization that serves
the needs of American Indian (AI) and Alaska Native (AN)
government employees. We provide a national forum on
the issues, opportunities, and challenges that confront
American Indian Tribes, and the federal work community.
SAIGE is the first and only national organization
representing AI/AN federal employees. It is SAIGE’s
mission to promote the recruitment, hiring, retention,
development, advancement and equitable treatment of
AI/AN employees in the federal workforce.

Attendance at the SAIGE training conference will benefit
not only attendees, but also the respective agencies for
which they work and the communities they serve. T will
have the opportunity to participate in sessions focusing
on professional and personal development topics, as well
as learn of federal initiatives affecting American Indian
Tribes and how they can contribute to their effective
implementation. The conference is also a great opportunity
for networking with peers, federal and private sector
leadership.   The Youth Track provides American Indians/
Alaskan Native students participation and development.   

Conference Highlights: Nationally Recognized Speakers:
Roger Willie (Actor & motivation speaker).   Networking
session, Youth Track, Fitness Walk, Keynote Luncheons,
Cultural presentation, Smithsonian Museum of the Amer.
Indian, Overview: Leadership in Government; EEO;
Education, Interior, Agriculture updates; view from
the Whitehouse.

In addition, this year’s conference will host a walk
from the conference site to the National Museum of
American Indian (NMAI), led by Olympian Hopeful,
sisters Becki and Cami Wells, (Blackfeet). Becki is
the only Native American woman ever to win an NCAA
Division I track and field championship twice, who
ran for Florida State. Cami is the only Native American
NCAA Div. I coach (XC-Men and Women) in the Country.
Cami is a former Track and Field Cross Country athlete
who attended Drake University. Conference attendees
will have a special tour of the NMAI.

Registration Cost: $350 Early Bird special, $400 after
July 15th. Register early; space is limited. For
additional conference and registration information
visit our website at: http://www.saige.org/


-------------------

Subject: American Indian Benefit Concert
From:    Christy Hong


Hello,

The American Indian Legal Assistance Program (AILAP) is
a non-profit organization in California that offers a
comprehensive set of services to promote, foster and
defend the cultural preservation, social well-being,
health and economic self-sufficiency of American Indians
by utilizing a unique approach which combines
comprehensive fundraising, project research and
management, legal and mentoring services.

In order to expand these services to support more American
Indians in LA County, AILAP is organizing a silent auction
and benefit concert for August 26th at the Santa Monica
Pier, featuring the musical talents of Rock and Roll Hall
of Famer Jackson Brown. I would like to know if you would
be interested, or could recommend us Native American
Indian artists that would be interested, in doing craft demonstrations,
hands-on kids activities, or simply displaying/selling their art as
vendors at this event.
Any help would be greatly appreciated. Hope to hear
from you soon!

Best,

Christy Hong
AILAP
8757 Washington Blvd.
Culver City, CA 90232


-------------------

From: Lee

A man and his dog were walking along a road. The man was
enjoying the scenery, when it suddenly occurred to him
that he was dead. He remembered dying, and that the dog
walking beside him had been dead for years. He wondered
where the road was leading them.

After a while, they came to a high, white stone wall along
one side of the road. It looked like fine marble. At the
top of a long hill, it was broken by a tall arch that
glowed in the sunlight.

When he was standing before it he saw a magnificent gate
in the arch that looked like mother-of-pearl, and the
street that led to the gate looked like pure gold. He
and the dog walked toward the gate, and as he got closer,
he saw a man at a desk to one side.

When he was close enough, he called out, "Excuse me,
where are we?"

"This is Heaven, sir," the man answered.

"Wow! Would you happen to have some water?" the man asked.

"Of course, sir. Come right in, and I'll have some
ice water brought right up." The man gestured, and the
gate began to open.

"Can my friend," gesturing toward his dog, "come in,
too?" the traveler asked.

"I'm sorry, sir, but we don't accept pets."

The man thought a moment and then turned back toward
the road and continued the way he had been going with
his dog.

After another long walk, and at the top of another long
hill, he came to a dirt road leading through a farm gate
that looked as if it had never been closed. There was
no fence. As he approached the gate, he saw a man inside,
leaning against a tree and reading a book.

"Excuse me!" he called to the man. "Do you have any
water?"

"Yeah, sure, there's a pump over there! , come on in."

"How about my friend here?" the traveler gestured to
the dog.

"There should be a bowl by the pump."

They went through the gate, and sure enough, there was
an old-fashioned hand pump with a bowl beside it. The
traveler filled the water bowl and took a long drink
himself, then he gave some to the dog. When they were
full, he and the dog walked back toward the man who
was standing by the tree.

"What do you call this place?" the traveler asked.

"This is Heaven," he answered.

"Well, that's confusing," the traveler said. "The man
down the road said that was Heaven, too."

"Oh, you mean the place with the gold street and pearly
gates? Nope. That's Hell."

"Doesn't it make you mad for them to use your name like
that?"

"No, we're just happy that they screen out them folks
who would leave their best friends behind."

-------------------

For immediate release
Contact: Terri Jean
terri-@bright.net
June 14th, 2005


Who is the Greatest NATIVE American?

Have you seen the list of the Top 100 Greatest Americans?
The Discovery Channel is hosting a seven hour series with
the first show premiering last Sunday at 8pm. More than
half a million online nominations were tallied, and the
list is supposed to represent "the pulse of the nation,"
revealing "the qualities we most admire." At the end of
the premiere episode, Matt Lauer announced the top 25
Greatest American nominees (based on nominations held
earlier in the year) and how viewers can cast their
votes via a toll-free number.

The project is supposed to "highlight Americans of
importance and the incredible contributions they made
to our society" and perhaps as many as 89 million
households might tune in.

Absent from this list is one single Native person.
Martha Stewart, Brett Fayre and Mel Gibson were listed,
but America could not collectively vote on one
indigenous person worthy to be called a Great American.

The Red Roots Educational Project/The Native Truth
is conducting a poll of our own. We want to know who
you think is the Greatest NATIVE American.

Nominations will be accepted until July 16th, 2005.
We would appreciate a 100 word (or less) bio of your
nomination(s) or an explanation as to why you believe
this person is a Great Native American.

The entire list of nominations will be available on
July 23rd. It will be posted to my website at
www.terrijean.com,, sent to The Native Truth subscribers,
and sent to those who emailed their nominations.

You will be able to vote via email for who you think
is the Greatest Native American until August 6th. The
top 100 will our 100 Greatest Native Americans. (They
will be listed by number of votes, so the person who
receives the most votes will be #1.)

The list will be available on my website, www.terrijean.com,
sent to The Native Truth column subscribers, and will
be emailed to those who sent in nominations. If you
would like to add your name to our contact list send
it to terri-@bright.net with "100 List" in the
subject line.

Again, we would appreciate 100 word bio's and if you
have it, links that direct us to more information to
your nominated individual. We will have to include
short biographies for each individual, and it would
help tremendously if you could help us out.

This is YOUR opportunity to pay homage to the individual
you believe is the best of the best. Nominate the man
or woman who inspires you most, who made the biggest
difference for his/her people, who acted bravely in a
time or trouble, or who accomplished something wonderful.

Submit as many names as you like, but please, once we
vote for our favorite - PLEASE only vote once for each person.

Please pass this around to everyone you know. Email
submissions to terri-@bright.net by July 16th (the
previous due date was July 4th but it has been extended
in the hope that more people will participate.)


I look forward to reading your nominations.

Cheers!

Terri Jean
Director of the Red Roots Educational Project
Columnist for The Native Truth
www.terrijean.com

The 100 Greatest Americans
(Discovery Channel/AOL poll)

Abraham Lincoln
Albert Einstein
Alexander Graham Bell
Alexander Hamilton
Amelia Earhart
Andrew Carnegie
Arnold Schwarzenegger
Audie Murphy
Babe Ruth
Barack Obama
Barbara Bush
Benjamin Franklin
Bill Clinton
Bill Cosby (William Henry Cosby, Jr.)
Bill Gates
Billy Graham
Bob Hope
Brett Favre
Carl Sagan
Cesar Chavez
Charles Lindbergh
Christopher Reeve
Chuck Yeager
Clint Eastwood
Colin Powell
Condoleezza Rice
Donald Trump
Dwight D. Eisenhower
Eleanor Roosevelt (Anna Eleanor Roosevelt)
Ellen DeGeneres
Elvis Presley
Frank Sinatra
Franklin D. Roosevelt
Frederick Douglass
George H. W. Bush
George W. Bush
George Lucas
George Patton
George Washington
George Washington Carver
Harriet Ross Tubman
Harry Truman
Helen Keller
Henry Ford
Hillary Rodham Clinton
Howard Hughes
Hugh Hefner
Jackie Robinson (Jack Roosevelt Robinson)
Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis
Jesse Owens
Jimmy Carter
Jimmy Stewart
John Edwards
John Glenn
John F. Kennedy
John Wayne
Johnny Carson (John William Carson)
Jonas Edward Salk
Joseph Smith Jr.
Katharine Hepburn
Lance Armstrong
Laura Bush
Lucille Ball
Lyndon B. Johnson
Madonna (Madonna Louise Veronica Ciccone)
Malcolm X (Malcolm Little)
Marilyn Monroe
Mark Twain (Samuel Langhorne Clemens)
Martha Stewart
Martin Luther King Jr.
Maya Angelou
Mel Gibson
Michael Jackson
Michael Jordan
Michael Moore
Muhammad Ali (Cassius Marcellus Clay, Jr.)
Neil Alden Armstrong
Nikola Tesla
Oprah Winfrey
Pat Tillman
Dr. Phil McGraw
Ray Charles
Richard Nixon
Robert Kennedy
Ronald Reagan
Rosa Parks
Rudolph W. Giuliani
Rush Limbaugh
Sam Walton
Steve Jobs
Steven Spielberg
Susan B. Anthony
Theodore Roosevelt
Thomas Edison
Thomas Jefferson
Tiger Woods
Tom Cruise
Tom Hanks
Walt Disney
Wrights Brothers (Orville & Wilbur Wright)


-------------------

On behalf of Sue Masten and the Women Empowering Women
for Indian Nations (WEWIN) founders, you are cordially
invited to the First Annual WEWIN Conference “Exercising
& Protecting Tribal Sovereignty through Effective
Leadership.” Please be sure to forward this invitation
to anyone you think would be interested in attending.
Thanks,

http://www.wewin04.org/


Brandie Zambito
Executive Assistant to President/CEO
Native American Management Services, Inc.
6858 Old Dominion Drive, Suite 302
McLean, VA 22101
703.821.2226 x246 ofc

-------------------

I cannot vouch for, or against, this request:

From: Crystal Roberts

Subject: Intertribal Friendshid House of
Oakland Needs HELP !!!!
Date: Wed, 6 Jul 2005 22:31:22 -0700 (PDT)

Ya'at'eeh' Everyone,

This e-mail is to ask for your assistance in keeping the
doors of the Intertribal Friendship House (IFH) of
Oakland open. IFH is a Native American cultural center
for indigenous residents, of all nations, residing in
the greater the Bay area. The center provides after
school programs, clothing donation programs, traditional
Native American dance lessons, traditional bead work
classes, substance abuse meetings, and houses an extensive
oral history and photographic history of Native Americans
in the Bay area. IFH also serves as a general meeting
place for community members to voice concerns, promote
civic functions, and gather resources regarding Native
American culture.

Founded 50 years ago as a sanctuary and meeting place for
Natives During relocation, the house has stayed true to
its values and and purpose to remain a true grassroots
community center. As a newer member to the Bay Area as
of October 2003, I have seen IFH provide a space for
our youth to take pride in being Native. Every Tuesday
evening the doors open and community members come out
from around the Bay Are and donate their time to teach
other community members the art of beading. Every
Thursday evening community members fill the room as
youth and adults are taught different styles of pow-wow
dancing and Northern style singing, with the goal for the
night being fun, fitness, and friendship. I appreciate
the establishment of such a center regardless of where
it is located and see the positive effects it has on our
youth by providing a safe place in such a rough city.

Due to unpaid back taxes and a lack of state funding
funding for Social services the financial situation at
IFH is grim. A huge deficit is needing to be made up in
order to keep the House out of foreclosure. I, as a member
of the native community of Oakland and of Indian Country
are asking for your financial assistance. I donate my time
and money into the center as an investment into the future
of our people, and at this critical time I ask you to do
the same. If you are not able to give a monetary gift the
least you can do is forward this message to everyone you
know in hopes that they might be able to spare a few
dollars to this cause.

In Solidarity and in Spirit,

Manny Lieras - Diné/Chicano


========================
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========================

Here is some humorous or interesting material
(or, at least, it is intended to be humorous or interesting):



-------------------

MANY WORDS of WISDOM by WILL ROGERS


Will Rogers (Cherokee), who died in a plane crash with
Wylie Post in 1935, was probably the greatest political
sage this country has ever known.

Enjoy the following:

1. Never slap a man who's chewing tobacco.

2. Never kick a cow chip on a hot day.

3. There are 2 theories to arguing with a woman ...
either one works.

4. Never miss a good chance to shut up.

5. Always drink upstream from the herd.

6. If you find yourself in a hole, stop digging.

7. The quickest way to double your money is to fold it
and put it back in your pocket.

8. There are three kinds of men: The ones that learn
by reading. The few who learn by observation. The rest
of them have to pee on the electric fence and find out
for themselves.

9. Good judgment comes from experience, and a lot of that
comes from bad judgment.

10. If you're riding' ahead of the herd, take a look back
every now and then to make sure it's still there.

11. Lettin' the cat outta the bag is a whole lot easier'n
puttin' it back.

12. After eating an entire bull, a mountain lion felt so
good he started roaring. He kept it up until a hunter came
along and shot him.

The moral:
When you're full of bull, keep your mouth shut.


ABOUT GROWING OLDER...

First ~ Eventually you will reach a point when you stop
lying about your age and start bragging about it.

Second ~ The older we get, the fewer things seem worth
waiting in line for.

Third ~ Some people try to turn back their odometers.
Not me, I want people to know "why" I look this way.
I've traveled a long way and some of the roads weren't
paved.

Fourth ~ When you are dissatisfied and would like to go
back to youth, think of Algebra.

Fifth ~ You know you are getting old when everything
either dries up or leaks.

Sixth ~ I don't know how I got over the hill without
getting to the top.

Seventh ~ One of the many things no one tells you about
aging is that it is such a nice change from being young.

Eighth ~ One must wait until evening to see how splendid
the day has been.

Ninth ~ Being young is beautiful, but being old is
comfortable.

Tenth ~ Long ago when men cursed and beat the ground with sticks,        
     it was called witchcraft. Today it's called golf.

And finally ~ If you don't learn to laugh at trouble,
you won't have anything to laugh at when you are old.

-------------------

Factual Things about Your Birthdate
http://www.paulsadowski.com/birthday.asp

-------------------

AFI picks the 100 best movie quotes of all-time
http://videoeta.com/news/1909

-------------------

(Note from Phil: I received this from someone in Texas. I
grew up in Texas. I have been through a couple of hurricanes
on land, and one while on an off-shore oil rig in the Gulf
of Mexico. So, I can appreciate this humorous essay.

Subject: Hurricane Season

We're about to enter hurricane season. Any day now, you're
going to turn on the TV and see a weather person pointing
to some radar blob out in the Atlantic Ocean and making two
basic meteorological points.

(1) There is no need to panic.

(2) We could all be killed.

Yes, hurricane season is an exciting time to be in Texas.
If you're new to the area, you're probably wondering what
you need to do to prepare for the possibility that we'll
get hit by "the big one." Based on our insurance industry
experiences, we recommend that you follow this simple
three-step hurricane preparedness plan:

STEP 1: Buy enough food and bottled water to last your
family for at least three days.

STEP 2: Put these supplies into your car.

STEP 3: Drive to Nebraska and remain there until Halloween.

Unfortunately, statistics show that most people will not
follow this sensible plan. Most people will foolishly stay
here in Texas. We'll start with one of the most important
hurricane preparedness items:
HOMEOWNERS' INSURANCE: If you own a home, you must have
hurricane insurance. Fortunately, this insurance is cheap
and easy to get, as long as your home meets two basic
requirements:

(1) It is reasonably well-built, and

(2) It is located in Wisconsin

Unfortunately, if your home is located in Texas, or any
other area that might actually be hit by a hurricane, most
insurance companies would prefer not to sell you hurricane
insurance, because then they might be required to pay YOU
money, and that is certainly not why they got into the
insurance business in the first place. So you'll have to
scrounge around for an insurance company, which will
charge you an annual premium roughly equal to the replacement
value of your house. At any moment, this company can drop
you like used dental floss.

SHUTTERS: Your house should have hurricane shutters on
all the windows, all the doors, There are several types
of shutters, with advantages and disadvantages:

Plywood shutters: The advantage is that, because you make
them yourself, they're cheap.

Sheet-metal shutters: The advantage is that these work well,
once you get them all up. The disadvantage is that once you
get them all up, your hands will be useless bleeding stumps,
and it will be December.

Roll-down shutters: The advantages are that they're very
easy to use, and will definitely protect your house. The
disadvantage is that you will have to sell your house to
pay for them.

Hurricane-proof windows: These are the newest wrinkle in
hurricane protection: They look like ordinary windows,
but they can withstand hurricane winds! You can be sure
of this, because the salesman says so. He lives in Nebraska.

Hurricane Proofing your property: As the hurricane
approaches, check your yard for movable objects like
barbecue grills, planters, patio furniture, visiting
relatives, etc... You should, as a precaution, throw
these items into your swimming pool (if you don't have
a swimming pool, you should have one built immediately).
Otherwise, the hurricane winds will turn these objects
into deadly missiles.

EVACUATION ROUTE:

If you live in a low-lying area, you should have an
evacuation route planned out. (To determine whether you
live in a low-lying area, look at your driver's license;
if it says "Texas," you live in a low-lying area). The
purpose of having an evacuation route is to avoid being
trapped in your home when a major storm hits. Instead,
you will be trapped in a gigantic traffic jam several
miles from your home, along with two hundred thousand
other evacuees. So, as a bonus, you will not be lonely.

HURRICANE SUPPLIES:

If you don't evacuate, you will need a mess of supplies.
Do not buy them now! Texas tradition requires that you
wait until the last possible minute, then go to the
supermarket and get into vicious fights with strangers
over who gets the last can of SPAM. In addition to food
and water, you will need the following supplies:

23 flashlights. At least $167 worth of batteries that
turn out, when the power goes off, to be the wrong size
for the flashlights.

Bleach. (No, I don't know what the bleach is for. NOBODY
knows what the bleach is for, but it's traditional, so
GET some!)

A big knife that you can strap to your leg. (This will
be useless in a hurricane, but it looks cool.)

$35,000 in cash or diamonds so that, after the hurricane
passes, you can buy a generator from a man with no
discernible teeth.

Of course these are just basic precautions. As the
hurricane draws near, it is vitally important that
you keep abreast of the situation by turning on your
television and watching TV reporters in rain slickers
stand right next to the ocean and tell you over and
over how vitally important it is for everybody to stay
away from the ocean.

Good luck, and remember: Its great living in Texas!

========================
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========================

Here are some random historical events....



July 1, 1833: According to an army report, by this date,
the army estimates they have captured all of the "hostile"
Creek Indians, except for the warriors from Hitchiti, and
Yuchi, led by Jim Henry.

July 2, 1791: The treaty (7 stat.39) with the Cherokee
Nation is concluded on the Holston River at White's Fort,
modern Knoxville Tennessee. The Cherokee acknowledge the
sovereignty of the United States. Prisoners are restored on
both sides. Boundary lines are officially established.
American citizens are allowed to use a road from the
Washington District, to the Mero District on the Tennessee
River without molestation. The United States will have
the sole right to regulate trade with the Cherokee. No
whites can live, or hunt on Cherokee lands, without Cherokee
approval. Annual payments increase from $1000, to $1500 on
February 17, 1792. The treaty is signed by thirty-nine
Chiefs, 1200 other Cherokees attend the meeting. This is
known as the "Holston River Treaty." The Americans are
represented by Governor William Blount.

July 3, 1754: Surrounded by 500 French and 400 Indian
forces under Sieur Coulon de Villiers, George Washington
has only 400 soldiers at his Fort Necessity, near modern
Farmington, in southwestern Pennsylvania. After his
artillery is put out of action, and with half of his men
as casualties, Washington accepts de Villiers offer of
surrender. Washington leads his troops back to Virginia.
De Villiers is the brother of Jumonville de Villiers,
Washington's counterpart in the battle not far from here
on May 28th. Jumonville is killed in that battle.

July 4, 1874: Captain A.E. Bates, and Troop B, Second
Cavalry, and 160 "friendly" Shoshones, are en route from
Camp Brown, in west central Wyoming, looking for a reported
gathering of hostile Northern Cheyenne and Arapahos,
when they discover a large group of "hostiles" on the
Bad Water Branch of the Wind River, in Wyoming. During
the battle, twenty-six "hostiles," and four soldiers are
killed. Twenty Indians, and six soldiers, including
Lieutenant R.H. Young, are wounded. 230 horses are
captured. After this fight, many "hostile" Northern
Cheyenne and Arapahos are convinced to return to their
agencies to avoid further battles.

July 5, 1873: A tract of land is set aside as a reserve
for "Gross Ventre, Piegan, Blood, Blackfeet, River Crow
and other Indians" in Montana by Executive Order.

July 6, 465: Palenque Maya Lord Chaacal I is born
according to the museum at Palenque.

(See my website at http://americanindian.net/mexico14.html
or http://americanindian.net/mayae.html for photos
of my trips to Palenque in 2000 & 2001.)


July 7, 1666: Robert Sanford has been exploring the coast
of South Carolina for a colony site. He has found some
friendly Indians at Port Royal. Today he sets sail for
Barbados with the nephew of the local Chief. The Chief
wants his nephew to learn the white man's ways and language.
Dr. Henry Woodward stays with the Indians and learn their
ways, thus making him the first European settler in South
Carolina. Woodward eventually becomes the preeminent Indian
agent in South Carolina.

July 8, 1724: French peace envoy Etienne Veniard de
Bourgmont has come from Fort Orleans to visit the Indians
of modern Kansas. At the mouth of the Missouri River, he
encounters the "Canza." Many of them accompany de Bourgmont
on his trip to the "Padoucas."

July 9, 1969: Members of the Passamaquoddy Nation block road
that goes through their reservation in Maine.

July 10, 1843: In 1842, the Wyandot signed a treaty (11
Stat., 581.) giving up their lands in Ohio for land west of
the Mississippi River. Today, 674 men, women and children
start their trip from Ohio to Kansas.

July 11, 1598: Juan de Oñate’s expedition reaches the San
Juan Pueblo in modern New Mexico.

July 12, 1784: Even though he has signed a peace treaty
with the Spanish, Tonkawa Chief El Mocho is planning to
join the Texas Indians together under his leadership and
then attack the Spanish. The Spanish hear of El Mocho's
plans. In the Presidio of la Bahia, El Mocho is shot down
in the plaza by Spanish soldiers.

July 13, 1973: New Mexico is told no State Income Taxes
can be levied against reservation Indians.

July 14, 1684: Naumkeag Indian, and son of fomrer Sachem
Wenepoykin, James Quannapowit petitions the English of
Marblehead Massachusetts. He complains they are givng out
lands which rightfully belong to him. On September 16,
1684, a deed is finally signed by all parties in order
for the English to hold "rightful title" to the land.

July 15, 1877: In the Weippe Prairie, east of Weippe, Idaho,
the Nez Perce hold a council to decide their movements.
The army is still trying to force them to move to a
reservation. They wish to stay free. Looking Glass says
they should go east into Montana and join the crow. Chief
Joseph (Hein-mot Too-ya-la kekt) suggests they wait for
the army here and fight it out in their own lands.
Toohoolhoolzote joins Looking Glass in suggesting they move
east into Montana. The tribe decides to move.

(See my website at: http://americanindian.net/2003b.html
to see my photos of the Weippe area.)


July 16, 1862: Yesterday, as a small group of mounted
soldiers attempt to leave the Apache Pass watering hole,
Mangas, and some warriors, attack. During the fight, Mangas
is shot in the chest. The Indians abandon the fight, with
the loss of their leader. Eventually, Cochise takes his
father-in-law to Mexico, where he holds a town hostage
until a Mexican doctor heals Mangas. This battle leads to
the construction of Fort Bowie on July 28, 1862 according
to the official National Park Service brochure. This is
in modern New Mexico.

July 17, 1853: A dispute between a settler ad some Paiutes
near Springville, Utah leads to the death of one of the
Paiutes. This will lead to what is sometimes called the
"Walker War."

July 18, 1694: Abenaki Chief Abomazine, almost 300
Penobscot warriors, and few French attack the settlement
along the south side of the Oyster River, at modern
Durham, New Hampshire. The Indians are trying to sneak
into the village when their presence in discovered. Some
settlers escape, others retreat to fortified homes. 104
settlers are killed, and twenty-seven are taken hostage
before the Indians withdraw. Four months later, Abomazine
approaches the fort at Pemaquid, under a white flag. He
is seized by the garrison for his part in the attack.

July 19, 1856: By this date, all of the remaining Rogue
River Indians are en route to the Grande Ronde Reservation
in Oregon. They number 1225.

July 20, 1863: General James Carleton, called "Star Chief"
by the Navajos, has ordered the Navajos to leave their
homeland and to report to the Bosque Redondo Reservation
in New Mexico. All Navajos found off the reservation, after
this date, are considered "hostiles," and will be treated
accordingly. No Navajos turn themselves in, leading to
the Canyon de Chelly Campaign, and the "Long Walk."

July 21, 1855: John W. Quinney, Stockbridge Chief, dies
in Stockbridge, New York. Through his efforts, his tribe
creates a constitutional system for the election of its
here-to-fore hereditary leaders. He is instrumental in
the cessation of the sell of tribal lands to Europeans.
He leads the efforts to have 460 acres of their former
lands returned by the State of New York. He is elected
Chief of the tribe in 1852.

July 22, 1863: As a followup to the "Owens Valley War" in
California, over 900 Paiutes are led to the San Sebastian
Reservation at Fort Tejon (north of Los Angeles).

July 23, 1733: José de Urrutia is appointed Captain of San
Antonio de Béxar Presidio. The Spanish acknowledged him
as one of their experts on Indians.

July 24, 1863: The Santee Sioux have engaged in an uprising
in Minnesota. Some have fled the area and made their way
into the Dakotas. General Henry Sibley and troops from
Fort Ridgley in Minnesota have pursued them. According
to reports Sibley has received, the Santee have joined
up with the Teton Sioux. Today the soldiers find an Indian
village in what is now North Dakota. According to the
army’s report, while some scouts are talking with a couple
of hundred Indians who come out to meet then, someone
shoots and kills Surgeon Josiah Weiser. The scouts shoot
at the Indian who shot the doctor, but he gets away. More
Indians arrive and start shooting. Then more soldiers
arrive and open fire. A full scale fight takes place and
some fighting lasts through early tomorrow. It is called
the "Battle of Big Mound."

July 25, 1863: As part of the Canyon de Chelly Campaign,
Kit Carson decides to force the Navajos to surrender by
destroying their food supply. He orders Major Joseph
Cummings to proceed along the Bonito River, and to seize
all livestock and crops. Anything he cannot haul way, is
burned.

July 26, 1865: Following the massacre at Sand Creek, many
Indians begin attacking military outposts, and people
crossing their territory. A group of Cheyenne, led by
Roman Nose, want revenge for lost relatives. They approached
a bridge across the North Platte in what is now Casper,
Wyoming. The bridge is also the site of a telegraph
station and a military outpost. After trying for two days
to get the soldiers out of the fort, a column of troops
cross the bridge. The Indians attack and kill many soldiers,
including Lieutenant Casper Collins. Another column of
troops comes to the rescue, and cannonfire from the fort
helps them escape. The soldiers left the fort to provide
an escort for an approaching wagon train. Another band of
Indians attacks the wagon train. During the fighting, Roman
Nose's brother is killed. Roman Nose lead a charge against
the wagon train and all of the soldiers guarding it are
killed. Their anger quickly dissipates, and the Indians quit
the fight, and leave the area.

July 27, 1777: Jane McCrea is killed. A painting is made
showing her about to be scalped. It becomes a famous
piece of American art.

(Visit this website http://www.americanrevolution.com/JaneMcCrea.htm
to see the painting).

July 28, 1756: Delaware Chief Teedyuscung, and fourteen
other chiefs, meet with Pennsylvania Governor Robert Morris,
and other Pennsylvania leaders at Easton, Pennsylvania to
discuss the Delaware uprising. Teedyuscung agrees to visit
the warring members of the tribe, and to try to end the
fighting.

July 29, 1868: After years of conflict over the Bozeman Trail
along the Powder River, the War Department finally gives in
to Indian's, and particularly Red Cloud's, demands and starts abandoning
its forts. Fort C.F. Smith’s garrison packs-up and
leaves. The fort is located near present day Yellowtail and
Big Horn Lake, in southern Montana.

July 30, 1829: In internal documents, the United States War
Department formalizes a new Indian policy. Secretary of War
John Eaton believes Indians will not be able to survive if
the live in lands surrounded by white settlers.

July 31, 1684: According to some sources, a six day
conference starts between representatives of the New York
colonies and the Mohawks, Oniedas, Onondagas and Cayugas.
Some lands are ceded and allegiances are pledged.

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That’s all for now.

Stay safe,

Phil



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End of Phil Konstantin’s July 2005 Newsletter – Part 2
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Start of Phil Konstantin’s July 2005 Newsletter – Part 3
========================================================

Greetings,

I thought I would put together a few items for you.

Many of you have e-mailed me to say how much you have enjoyed the
Sploofus trivia website. I have really enjoyed playing the games myself.
I have created three puzzles myself. You might enjoy them. If you do,
please give it a high rating.

Most Popular Names For Baby Boys In 2004 In The USA by Philkon
http://www.sploofus.com/triviaquiz/most_popular_names_for_baby_boys_in_2004_in_the_usa.html


The 10 Most Stolen Vehicles In 2004 In The USA by Philkon
http://www.sploofus.com/triviaquiz/the_10_most_stolen_vehicles_in_2004_in_the_usa.html


Cop Phrases, Slang & Acronyms Primarily Used In California by Philkon
http://www.sploofus.com/triviaquiz/cop_phrases_slang__acronyms_primarily_used_in_california.html



There are some hints at the very bottom of this newsletter. Skip that
section if you do not want any hints!)


Phil


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Notices:


From: Adrienne Colegrove-Raymond ;
Date: June 30, 2005 10:47:49 AM PDT
Subject: California Indian Conference


Hello:
Hope you are all having a wonderful summer. Here at Humboldt State
Univeristy we are planning for the 20th Annual California Indian
Conference, which we will be hosting on October 7-9, 2005.   If you or
anyone you know might be interested in presenting a paper or workshop
please refer them to our website. They can contact either Lyn Risling
or myself and we will forward their proposal to the Reading Committee.

Also, we are looking for keynote speakers in the following fields:
Natural Resources, Health, Culture, & Education.   If you know of a
dynamic speaker, we are interested. Thank you.

Website: www.humboldt.edu/~cic

Adrienne Colegrove-Raymond Lyn Risling Co-Chair CIC Planning Committee   
                 Co-Chair CIC
Humboldt State University
Arcata, CA 95521
(707)826-4791 ab-@humboldt.edu
(707)839-4962 lr-@humboldt.edu

-----------


Title: Call for Papers: Native/Indigenous Studies Area
Deadline: November 15, 2005
Website: http://www.swtexaspca.org
Contact: Sara C. Sutler-Cohen
       1817 SE Umatilla Street
         Portland, OR 97202
Phone: (503)231.1719
Email: sarak-@yahoo.com


The 2006 Southwest/Texas Popular Culture/American Culture Association
(SW/TX PCA/ACA) Conference will be held in Albuquerque, New Mexico at
the Hyatt Regency Albuquerque from February 8-11, 2006. Join us this
year, as a returning or first-time participant, as we celebrate the 27th
year of this regional popular culture conference. Proposals for both
Panels and Individual Papers are now being accepted for the
Native/Indigenous Studies Area. Listed below are some suggestions for
possible presentations, but topics not included here are welcome and
encouraged.
.     Indigenous Methodologies
.     Indians in Higher Education
.     Teaching Popular Culture in Native American Studies


Inquiries regarding this area and/or abstracts of 250 words may be sent
to Sara Sutler-Cohen via email. Further details regarding the
conference (listing of all areas, hotel, registration, tours, etc.) can
be found at http://www.swtexaspca.org.

--------------


Title: The White House Internship Program
Deadline: October 15, 2005 (for 2006 spring internship- January 10 to
May 5, 2006)
Contact: Ann Gray, White House Intern Coordinator
Phone: (202)456-2502
Email: agra-@WHO.eop.gov.


The White House Internship Program offers an excellent opportunity to
serve our President and explore public service. We are seeking
exceptional candidates to apply for this highly competitive program. In
addition to normal office duties, interns attend weekly lectures, tours,
and complete an intern service project. Interns may serve a term in the
Fall, Spring, or Summer. All candidates must be 18 years of age, hold
United States citizenship, and be enrolled in a college or university.


To apply please visit
http://www.whitehouse.gov/government/wh-intern.html
and complete the White House Intern Application.

---------------

Subject: Do Something Invites 2006 Brick Award Applications From

Do Something Invites 2006 Brick Award Applications From Youth Community
Leaders

Deadline: November 1, 2005

Each year, through its Do Something Brick Awards,
Do Something ( http://www.dosomething.org/ ), a national
not-for-profit organization that inspires young people to
believe that change is possible, honors six outstanding
leaders age 18 and under and three outstanding leaders
between the ages of 19 and 25 who use their talents to
take action that measurably strengthens their communities
in the areas of community building, health, or the
environment.

Each of the 18 and under winners is awarded a $5,000
higher education scholarship and a $5,000 community grant,
to be directed by the award winner to the not-for-profit
organization of his or her choice. Winners in the 19 to
25 category each receive a $10,000 community grant. All
winners receive pro bono services, and all winners attend
the annual Brick Awards Gala event in New York City, where
their accomplishments will be celebrated. In addition,
Do Something works closely with Brick winners to generate
local and national media coverage of their work, and to
spotlight what young people can achieve.

Do Something will only accept online applications for the
program, and will not accept nomination applications
(applicants must apply on their own behalves).

For complete program information and application
procedures, see the Do Something Web site.

RFP Link: http://fconline.fdncenter.org/pnd/2626/brick

For additional RFPs in Children and Youth, visit:
http://fdncenter.org/pnd/rfp/cat_children.jhtml

----------------


--- Hawaii Nation Info ; wrote:

To: hawaii--@yahoogroups.com
From: Hawaii Nation Info ;
Date: Sat, 16 Jul 2005 17:56:35 -1000
Subject: [hawaii-nation] NY Times: Bill Giving
Native Hawaiians Sovereignty Is Too Much for Some,
Too Little for Other


Bill Giving Native Hawaiians Sovereignty Is Too Much for Some, Too
Little for Others

By DEAN E. MURPHY

HONOLULU, July 15 - Hawaii is once again awash with mainlanders, as
summer vacationers delight in its beaches and make themselves feel at
home even on distant tropical islands. Breakfast at Starbucks, lunch at
Subway, dinner at Red Lobster and a restful night at the Marriott or
Hilton.

But most visitors soon discover something profoundly different about
the 50th state that the requisite luaus and hula dances only hint at.
The 250,000 indigenous people of Polynesian ancestry who are among
Hawaii's 1.2 million residents make the state like no other, sustaining
a native Hawaiian cultural and linguistic imprint that preceded the
arrival of Capt. James Cook by a millennium.

Now, 112 years after United States troops helped overthrow the
independent Kingdom of Hawaii and 12 years after Congress apologized
for it, that Hawaiian distinctiveness appears close to being formally
recognized by the United States government. A bill that for the first
time would extend sovereignty to the native Hawaiian people is poised
for a vote - and likely approval - in the United States Senate despite
opposition from many Republicans who denounce the measure as unworkable
and as promoting racial Balkanization.

The bill, the Native Hawaiian Government Reorganization Act, is
considered the most significant development for native Hawaiians since
statehood in 1959. The measure would give them equivalent legal
standing to American Indians and native Alaskans and lead to the
creation of a governing body that would make decisions on behalf of the
estimated 400,000 native Hawaiians in the United States.

The governing body would also have the power to negotiate with federal
and state authorities over the disposition of vast amounts of land and
resources taken by the United States when the islands were annexed in
1898, including about 300 square miles of land long ago set aside for
use as native homelands and an additional 2,500 square miles scattered
throughout the islands being held in trusts.

Haunani Apoliona, a musician who is chairwoman of the Office of
Hawaiian Affairs, a state agency that would be superseded by the new
governing body, said the bill was a long overdue acknowledgment that
Hawaiian history did not begin with the arrival of Cook and the British
Navy in 1778.

"We were here before Columbus," Ms. Apoliona said. "We were in Hawaii
before the Pilgrims."

The House of Representatives has passed earlier versions of the bill
and would take up the current one if the Senate passes it, perhaps as
early as next week.

The Bush administration has remained largely neutral on the measure,
though the Justice Department on Wednesday cast some doubt on the
constitutionality of the proposed law, namely whether Congress has the
authority to treat native Hawaiians as it does Indian tribes. Assistant
Attorney General William E. Moschella said in a letter to Congress that
the proposed law also must be amended to include protections for United
States military operations in Hawaii and stronger language precluding
casino gambling.

The bill's supporters in Hawaii say that they do not intend to have
casinos and that the Justice Department's other concerns can be
addressed.

But they acknowledge there are basic questions that will take years of
negotiations to answer, like how native Hawaiians would go about
governing themselves, whether native Hawaiians in and outside the state
would live under different laws from other citizens, and who would
qualify as a native, given the large degree of assimilation through
marriage and the many Hawaiians living on the mainland.

As for the measure's constitutionality, most everyone believes that
will ultimately be determined by the United States Supreme Court.

The measure, which took more than five years to reach the Senate floor,
arises from conflicting crosscurrents in Hawaiian society, as native
Hawaiians grow impatient for the United States to right the wrongs of
more than a century ago, while many nonnative residents and interest
groups seek to scale back entitlement programs already available to
native Hawaiians.

Backed by Hawaii's two senators, Daniel K. Akaka and Daniel K. Inouye,
both Democrats, the legislation grew in part out of a desire to
inoculate the entitlement programs, which cover things like education
and housing, from race-based legal challenges. One such challenge was
upheld by the United States Supreme Court in 2000, when the court ruled
that native-Hawaiian-only voting in statewide elections for the board
Ms. Apoliona leads at the Office of Hawaiian Affairs violated the 15th
Amendment.

The bill is opposed by conservatives on the islands and in the Senate
who see it as a step back. They say it would create a race-based
government, provide a new vehicle for Hawaiian secessionist groups and
spawn endless litigation by people seeking redress against the federal
government.

In a report by the Senate Republican Policy Committee, which provides
analysis on behalf of Republican Party positions, Senator Jon Kyl of
Arizona said that the bill amounted to a "rejection of the American
melting pot ideal." The report said that the legislation ran counter to
a "broad consensus in Congress and in the nation" at the time of
Hawaiian statehood that the native Hawaiian people would not be treated
separately.

In Hawaii, the bill is being criticized by some as not radical enough.

Kekuni Blaisdell, a retired professor of medicine who coordinates a
network of indigenous Hawaiian groups that favor independence, said
native Hawaiians like Ms. Apoliona were misguided in their acceptance
of "continued foreign domination" by the American government.

Every Thursday night, in his home in the well-to-do hills above
downtown Honolulu, Mr. Blaisdell and a dozen or so other activists meet
to discuss ways to promote independence for Kanaka Maoli, the Hawaiian
term for the islands' indigenous people and the only descriptor Mr.
Blaisdell, who is 80, accepts.

Another group of activists, led by Dennis Kanahele, live on a compound
of leased state land elsewhere on Oahu where they fly the Hawaiian flag
upside down as a symbol of distress.

"The bill keeps us under the heel of the United States and assures our
subservient status as Native Americans, which we are not," said Mr.
Blaisdell, who keeps a photograph on the wall of his grandmother, an
orphan who was cared for by the royal family. "We were illegally
invaded and occupied by the United States, and we were and still are a
separate people and nation."

Opponents in the Senate are drafting amendments that would undo some of
the bill's central provisions and require a referendum in Hawaii, which
could put the proposal at the mercy of the roughly 80 percent of
Hawaiians who are not native as well as independence groups like Mr.
Blaisdell's.

A survey conducted on behalf of the State Office of Hawaiian Affairs
showed strong public support for the bill, while a poll released by the
Grassroot Institute of Hawaii, a nonprofit group critical of the bill,
showed that two out of three residents were against it.

Hawaii's governor, Linda Lingle, who has staked much of her political
reputation on passage of the legislation, said in an interview that she
had spoken with six Republican senators who were committed to join the
Senate's 44 Democrats and one independent in voting for the bill.

Ms. Lingle's support may very well make the difference. As the state's
first Republican governor since 1962, she has a good relationship with
the Bush administration, which is eager to see her succeed.

The Justice Department's letter, sent Wednesday to the Senate Committee
on Indian Affairs, identified four "serious policy concerns" raised by
the bill, but said the administration was willing to work with Congress
to address them.

Aside from the matters of gambling and military operations, the letter
also called for limiting potential claims against the federal
government and clarifying jurisdiction over criminal matters on native
Hawaiian lands.

Ms. Lingle, who is not a native Hawaiian, said the issues could be
dealt with without altering the essence of the bill.

She rejected criticism that the bill was about race, saying it was an
effort to recognize a "distinct people" in the same way Congress has
recognized American Indians and native Alaskans.

"The only possible issue of discrimination is if this bill does not
pass," the governor said. "It would continue the discrimination against
native Hawaiians by treating them differently. They would be the only
one of the indigenous people not recognized in this fashion."




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Notice for voice actors (I do not know this person & cannot vouch for
them)...

hello,
Do you any native Amercian voiceover who has experience for "spots"
recording ? (male/female)

Pls ask them to contact at dubb-@vsnl.net

rgds,
Sameer
+919820150867


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Baby Names: there is a certain trend in the names which might help you.
You can also visit the website listed on the quiz page to see the
correct answers.

Stolen Vehicles: The Accura Integra is a VERY popular vehicle with
thieves. You can visit this site to see the top 25 vehicles:
http://www.cccis.com/ContentAction.do?topicId=1701


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That’s all for now.

Stay safe,

Phil



======================================================
End of Phil Konstantin’s July 2005 Newsletter – Part 3
======================================================
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