June 2011 Newsletter from
"This Day in North American Indian History"
by Phil Konstantin
Copyright © © Phil Konstantin (1996-2013)

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Phil Konstantin's June 2011 Newsletter

I hope all is well for all of you. I found myself with some extra time
today. They were doing the routine 100 hour flight time checkup for my
TV station's helicopter. They decided to try to also fix the multiple
glitches we have in the camera operation. The expert fixed all kinds of
broken wires and mis-wiring. They turned it on, and the camera burned
out. So, I'm on the ground waiting for a new camera. We are set up to
use a small, hand-held camera, but that shakes so much, it is
practically useless. You can see what my helicopter (no, it does NOT
belong to me) look like at my "Over San Diego" photography page. Just
click on the Sky10 link:



Links Of The Month:

Lakota Wintercounts:
This Smithsonian website has some very interesting material.

Native News Network-Native American News, Analysis & Opinion by American
This website is a good place to go to checkout American Indian related


Treaty of the Month:

TREATY WITH THE KANSA, 1825. June 3, 1825.-7 Stat., 244.-Proclamation,
Dec. 30, 1825.

Some of the matters covered:
Cession by the Kansas. Reservation for the use of the Kansas.
Payment to them for their cession. Cattle, hogs, etc., to be furnished
by United States. Land to be sold for support of schools.
Reservations for the use of half-breeds. Merchandise to amount of $2,000
to be delivered at the Kansas river. Punishment of offenses.
Chiefs to exert themselves to recover stolen property, etc.
United States to enjoy the right of navigating the water courses, etc.

See a transcript here:


Newspaper articles:

US Dept of Interior Authorized to Speak to Tribal Leaders on Cobell

Three Rare White Bison Born In Bend Joining Herd of 14; Symbolize 'Peace
And Prayer'

Schaghticoke Tribal Nation Seeks to Regain Rightful Status

New York City Native American Heritage Celebration

James Billie to be Inaugurated Chairman of Seminole Tribe Today

Teen works to control wild dogs on Santee Reservation

Utah’s little known Danger Cave

West Texas prehistoric paintings get laser study

MT tribes seek order in bison management

Vi Waln: Spiritual legacy being stolen from under our noses

Chickasaw-made film 'Pearl' gets Oklahoma television premiere June 11

Momentum Mounts to Again Embrace Two-Spirits

Cobell to receive honorary degree from Dartmouth

Sheriff's deputy fired for beating Navajo Nation man

Objection filed in Cobell case

Doug George-Kanentiio: Some required reading for Indians

Political Squabbles in New Mexico Demonstrate the Power of Oil and
Mining Companies to Derail Cultural Protection for Traditional Lands

Questions Raised about the Dating of Alleged Pre-Clovis Deposits at
Blackwater Draw

Crow Canyon Archaeologist Examines Paleohydrography at Goodman Point

Zunis’ shrine in the sky, Towa Yalane a refuge

Tribes step up for tornado victims

Parts of Fort Peck Reservation lose water

Mohawk Race Car Driver Dexter Stacey

Rockin Native Families with Healthy Food Conference is Underway

Tribe Pulls Support From Pott County Road Projects

Two Utah tribes get federal grants for wildlife conservation

Arizona tribe's marijuana-law request dismissed

Indian youth stage play on Nisqually Chief Leschi

Encampment Leaders Say Food and Firewood is NOW Needed

Nez Perce Tribe To Use Grant For Bighorn Study

The University of Arizona’s Michael Hammer is using advanced DNA
techniques to figure out where we came from. Which, apparently, is not
just one place, or even one species.

Walk Among the Ancients at Bandelier National Monument

Infant’s death sparks call for justice on tribal lands

Protecting sacred Bear Butte at all costs

Where are Indian Country’s Jobs?

Navajo Nation coal plant focus of congressional hearing

First Lady Obama's Remarks to Indian Children at Three Sisters Garden

Echo Hawk refuses to meet with Indian protesters at forum

Colville Tribes Unhappy With Mining Cleanup

Why I Opted Out of the Cobell Settlement

Artist submissions wanted for Aboriginal Peoples Choice Music Awards

Peoria Palo Verde Ruin Archaeological Site Open Space could get historic

Comet Theory Comes Crashing to Earth

Roots of the Red Tree

Lavina Washines, first woman to lead Yakama Nation, dies

Being Frank: Tribes are Reacting to Climate Change

Seeing Hopi culture through the lens of a Hopi guide

Scientists Fight University of California to Study Rare Ancient

A Different Look at Indian Schools

Klallam people celebrate removal of dams

Andrew Jackson and the USA Global War Bill

Creek Chief Thinks FBI Is Investigating Tribe

Kvco-Hvse, “Blackberry Month”

10 candidates seek post of Indian Affairs director

Native Environmentalism and the Alberta Oil Boom

Arctic Views (nice video, too)

Honga and Vaughn: Skywalk's potential will be realized

Big Check to Help Preserve Indigenous History - Wonking Class Hero wins
grant to continue work on preserving Montana’s evaporating indigenous

Closer, But Still Not Home

AG won't issue opinion on Fighting Sioux nickname

Digital Exclusion High in Indian Country

Clean-up begins at Red Rock Canyon after taggers deface prehistoric rock

Chris Redman named president of Haskell Indian Nations University

Cheyenne-Arapaho dispute leads to protest of BIA

Plex, Ojibwa Rapper: From the Streets to the Suburbs

Academy Award Winner Buffy Sainte-Marie Receives Honorary Doctorate

Ojibwe demand fishing rights, cite 1885 treaty

2014 North American Indigenous Games Selects Host

First Woman to be Inaugurated of Lumbee Tribe

Guard, tribe receive new 'Lakota' helicopters

Sacred Encampment of Glen Cove

Gun Lake Tribe Distributes First $500,000 to Struggling Michigan

Judge tosses Temecula lawsuit against Pechanga Band

Tiffany Smalley Signals Wampanoag Golden Age

Cherokee Nation Chief Celebrity Rider for American Diabetes
Association’s Tour de Cure

Candidates for Eastern Cherokee chief talk gaming issues (

Cherokee Nation’s Rescue Efforts and Support Should Not Go Unnoticed

Wisconsin Chippewa band to get land back from gov't

Sioux tribes find harmony with Devils Lake

Prairie Band Elder Who Preserved Potawatomi Language Dies

Anti-abortion amendment attached to Indian Health Care Improvement Act

Iroquois Nationals Win Silver Medal at World Indoor Lacrosse Tournament

Northwest Jesuits to Pay $166.1 Million to Native Abuse Victims

Six Weeks Left, Banks Speaks about Longest Walk

Sioux Security officer reports UFO encounter and missing time

Interview with Levi Horn Cheyenne) - Offensive tackle for the Chicago

Spreading the love of the Creator's Game

Native CBS Correspondent Among Advisors Named to Center for Native
American Youth

Casa Grande to Celebrate 119 Years of Federal Protection

Native Language Experts to Testify before US Senate Committee

New Mine Near Tucson Could Erase a Number of Historic and Ancient  Sites

Let’s Move! in Indian Country at Menominee Nation

California Indian Manpower Consortium Works in Chicago to Put American
Indians to Work

An opportunity for Tribal Nations

Geronimo’s Stolen Identity: Why It Matters

Preserving Mother Earth for the Next Seven Generations

Protest is Not About Playing Indian and Sitting Around a Campfire

Not Enough Being Done Fast Enough

Bring Restoration to the Desecrated Graves: The Los Angeles Case That
Must Not Be Ignored!

When Length of Hair Does Not Cut It

John Stossel Fails to “Get It” When it Comes to American Indians



Announcing 13th Annual NATHPO Meeting
Tribal Host and Date

The Salt River Pima-Maricopa Indian Community of Arizona is the host
Tribe for the 13th Annual Meeting of the National Association of Tribal
Historic Preservation Officers.

Tribal website: http://www.srpmic-nsn.gov

Meeting dates are September 19-21, 2011 (Monday-Tuesday-Wednesday)

Host hotel is the Talking Stick Resort:

More information in the near future.

See you in Arizona!


Articles, etc....(Opinions are strictly those of their authors and I do
not endorse them unless specifically stated)

Posted By: Jerry Strong Heart
To: Members in Red Buffalo Rising
Un Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples Called Fundamentally
Flawed By US Ambasador..


US Ambassador in Quito carried out US mission of working against
adoption of UN Declaration
Children near Quito. UN photo Milton Grant.
By Brenda Norrell
Censored News

?? ?In a cable released by Wikileaks, US Ambassador Linda Jewell in
Ecuador said the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples is
"fundamentally flawed." This cable marks the third cable revealing how
the United States worked behind the scenes to halt adoption and
implementation of the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous

? Already, a Wikileaks cable from the US Embassy in Canada, said Canada
agreed with the US that the Declaration was "ill-conceived and headed
for a train wreck." In Iceland, the US Ambassador said Iceland's support
of the Declaration was an "impediment" to US and Iceland relations at
the UN.

Now, Wikileaks reveals that US Ambassador Jewell in Quito, Ecuador,
described steps taken by the US to dissuade Ecuador from supporting the
Declaration in 2006, the year before it was adopted by the UN. Jewell
stated the government of Ecuador was inclined to support the Declaration
in 2006. She said, however, that the US took steps to present papers to
show that the UN Declaration "is fundamentally flawed."

The cable was written on Oct. 20, 2006 and released on May 2, 2011. It
is marked sensitive and titled GOE (Government of Ecuador) Inclined to
Support Indigenous Declaration.
Cable: 06QUITO2574
¶B. QUITO 1386
¶1. (SBU) PolOff presented Ref A points and non-papers to Augusto Saa,
Director of Human Rights and Social and Environmental issues at the MFA,
on October 12, emphasizing the USG view that the Chair's draft UN
Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples is fundamentally flawed.
¶2. (SBU) Saa responded that the GOE continues to support the draft
Declaration, but has advised its UN mission not to push any sensitive
issues and would share USG concerns regarding the declaration with them.
He agreed that more discussion of the declaration would be necessary
before a final vote, and said Ecuador would consult with others who are
in favor while remaining open to arguments from those who oppose it. Saa
emphasized it would be difficult for Ecuador to actively oppose the
draft, citing political realities here, including the current electoral
climate and the support for the Declaration from Ecuadorian indigenous

When the United Nations adopted the UN Declaration in 2007, the US,
Canada, New Zealand and Australia were the four countries that voted
against it. Although the four countries later took action on it, the US
and Canada gave only lip service and did not sign on to it, or fully
endorse it.

The United Nations said Thursday that UN Member States have the
responsibility to uphold the human rights principles outlined in the
Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, adding that violations
of the fundamental rights of those communities persist.

“First and foremost, the nation Member States of the United Nations are
to take the initial obligation to begin to adopt policies and
legislation … to maintain consistence with the human rights standards
that are embraced in the declaration,” said Dalee Sambo Dorough, a
member of the UN Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues, at a press
conference at UN Headquarters on May 18, 2011.

She said the direct and often brutal violations of the basic rights of
indigenous people in every region of the world continue, even in areas
where success had been achieved, such as in Canada where an agreement
over land use between the aboriginal communities in Nunavut has faced
implementation hitches.

“The reality of the UN declaration is that the rights of indigenous
people did not arise out of the goodwill of States,” said Ms. Dorough.

“Rather, it is because of the entire history of exploitation,
colonization, as well as the full range of human rights violations that
the indigenous community has pressed the UN to open its doors in order
to for us to take our rightful place not only in the context of the
human rights pillar of the UN, but also in the environment, as well as
the peace and security pillar,” she told reporters on the sidelines of
deliberations in the two-week Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues.

The forum is aimed at advancing the rights of the estimated 370 million
indigenous people worldwide. More than 1,300 delegates are

Already, the Black Hills Sioux Nation Treaty Council has rejected the
limited support of the United States.

"In the first paragraph of the 'support' statement they make it is clear
that the Declaration is in no way a legal document, nor are they bound
by it," the council said in a statement.

"The Black Hills Sioux Nation Treaty Council calls upon the United
States of America to adopt the Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous
Peoples without inserting unilateral qualifications, limitations, and
abrogations that clearly stand in violation to internationally binding
treaties, international treaty law, and international human rights laws
and standards."

The rights stated in the UN Declaration includes Indigenous Peoples'
"rights to their lands, territories and resources" and states that no
relocation can occur without "free, prior and informed consent." The
rights stated include Indigenous Peoples rights to their cultural,
intellectual, religious and spiritual property and their right to free,
prior and informed consent.

Coal-fired power plants, oil and gas drilling and uranium mining target
Indian lands. The collusion between the US government, Canadian
government and mining and energy corporations is obvious. The UN
Declaration secures the rights of Indigenous Peoples to their
territories, forests and rivers, as well as to their intellectual
property rights.

Wikileaks cables reveal how the US Embassy in Peru tracked Indigenous
activists and organized mining companies to counter Indigenous efforts
to protect their communities. Five countries formed an alliance to
promote mining, while the US provided a list of names of Indigenous
grassroots activists in Peru.
Wikileaks Peru: Ambassador targeted Indigenous activists:

Wikileaks Peru: US engaged in espionage of Indigenous activists:

Wikileaks Peru: US feared Indigenous power:

Wikileaks US: Canada says UN Declaration headed for a train wreck:

Black Hills Sioux Nation Treaty Council rejects US limited support:

WIKILEAKS: US says Iceland's support of UN Indigenous Declaration is an
'impediment' to US relations:

Adopted by the General Assembly 13 September 2007
The Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples was adopted by the
General Assembly on Thursday September 13, by a majority of 144 states
in favour, 4 votes against (Australia, Canada, New Zealand and the
United States) and 11 abstentions (Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Bhutan,
Burundi, Colombia, Georgia, Kenya, Nigeria, Russian Federation, Samoa
and Ukraine). More:

UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (text)
Posted by brendanorrell@gmail.com at 5:29 PM


From Ruth Garby Torres:

A whopping about-to-be-three Wampanoag college grads in over 350 years. 
So much for the commitment in the 1650 Charter.


Honor for Native American

Harvard to award degree to student who died in 1665 just before

Wednesday, May 11, 2011

Harvard's 1650 charter specifically cited its role in the education of
“English and Indian youth” and in 1655 the Harvard Indian College was
founded. In April 2010, a Wampanoag home, called a wetu, was built on
the site of the Indian College. The University recently announced that
it will honor one of the first Native Americans ever to attend Harvard
College with a special posthumous degree at its 2011 Commencement
exercises on May 26.

Harvard University announced today that it will honor one of the first
Native Americans ever to attend Harvard College with a special
posthumous degree at its 2011 Commencement exercises on May 26.

Joel Iacoomes, a member of the Wampanoag tribe, died in 1665 shortly
after having completed four years of study in Harvard College but just
before he was to participate in Commencement.

In addition to recognizing Iacoomes’ achievement as one of the two
original Wampanoag students at Harvard, this special degree commemorates
the historical bonds between Harvard and the Native American community
as the University prepares to celebrate its 375th anniversary.

“It is fitting that we honor Joel Iacoomes as Harvard marks the 375th
anniversary of its founding,” said Harvard President Drew Faust. “With
the presentation of this degree, we also recognize some of the
commitments that were fundamental to the founding of Harvard: a
commitment to a diversity of students, a commitment to the communities
in which the College was founded, and a commitment to the power of
education to transform lives.”

Harvard was founded in 1636. Its charter of 1650 specifically cited
Harvard’s role in the education of “English and Indian youth.” The
Harvard Indian College, which Iacoomes attended, was founded in 1655.
Iacoomes’ classmate and fellow Wampanoag, Caleb Cheeshahteaumuck,
graduated from Harvard in 1665.

“The Aquinnah Wampanoag are delighted that this posthumous degree is
being awarded to our own Joel Iacoomes,” said Cheryl Andrews-Maltais,
chairwoman of the Wampanoag Tribe of Gay Head (Aquinnah). “Since he was
from our island community, it means a great deal to us to see his
extraordinary achievement recognized alongside his fellow tribe member,
Caleb Cheeshahteaumuck, the first Indian to graduate from Harvard.”

“Joel was a gifted scholar and Harvard had a commitment to the Native
American community,” observed Cedric Cromwell, chairman and president of
the Mashpee Wampanoag Tribe. “This posthumous degree brings us full
circle. It’s motivational for Wampanoags and I think it’s motivational
for Harvard. It builds on our relationship.”

The degree for Iacoomes will be presented in the Tercentenary Theatre of
Harvard Yard during the Afternoon Exercises of Harvard University’s
360th Commencement, which also serve as the annual meeting of the
Harvard Alumni Association.


Here are some random historical events....

June 1, 1934: A legal definition of "Indian" is made by the United
States government.

June 2, 1752: Diego Ortiz Parrilla, Lieutenant Colonel of the Royal
Armies, Proprietary Captain of the Dragoons of Veracruz, Governor and
Captain-General of the Provinces of Sinaloa and Sonora in the Kingdom of
New Andalucia declares the estalishment of a permanent Spanish community
at what would become modern Tubac, Arizona. This would be the first
significant Spanish settlement in Arizona.

June 3, 1823: Yesterday a trapper is killed in a Arikara village. The
Arikara warriors attack Jedediah Smith and his forty men who are camped
on the nearby river. There are also ninety men stationed on boats in the
river. Fearing for their lives, the men in the boats refuse to come help
Smith's men. Fifteen men are killed and almost as many are wounded in
the fighting before they can swim out to the boats and flee.

June 4, 1696: A second Pueblo revolt takes place in modern New Mexico.
Participating tribes were the Cochiti, Picuris, Santa Fe, Santo Domingo,
Tano, Taos and Tewa. Twenty-one settlers and soldiers, and five
missionaries are killed in the fighting. The revolt would not be long

June 5, 1836: Of the 407 "friendly" Seminoles who left Tampa Bay on
April 11, 1836, only 320 arrive in their new lands in the Indian
Territory (present day Oklahoma). Eighty-seven of the Seminoles die
during the rigorous trip.

June 6, 1962: The Fort Apache Scout is first published.

June 7, 1494: The "new world" is divided between Spain and Portugal by
the Catholic church.

June 8, 1758: General Jeffrey Amherst is leading a force of more than
10,000 soldiers on a fleet of almost fifty British ships. They land and
attack the French fort at Louisbourg, Nova Scotia. The French forces are
led by Chevier de Drucour. He has 3,100 soldiers, 1,000 Canadians and
500 Indians at his disposal. The French also have a fleet in port. The
fighting continues until July 26th. The British are victorious. Fearing
they will be executed, many of the Indians will flee because the British
offer terms of surrender only to the French troops.

June 9, 1870: Ely Parker (Donehogawa) commissioner of Indian Affairs
invites Red Cloud, and several other Sioux to visit him, and the Great
Father, in Washington. Red Cloud meets President Ulysses Grant. Red
Cloud tells Grant the Sioux do not want a reservation on the Missouri
River. Red Cloud also talks about some of the promises made in the
treaty which were not actually included. They have a cordial meeting,
but Grant knows the difference between the items promised, and the items
actually in the treaty are grounds for contention in the future. He
suggests the Indians be read the treaty in its entirety soon.

June 10, 1909: The U.S. Supreme Court confirms and approves Guion
Miller's new tribal rolls of the Eastern Cherokees who are entitled to
share in the distribution of a $1,000,000 fund the Court established in

June 11, 1848: Alexander Barclay establishes a trading post and fort and
the juncture of the Sapello and Mora Rivers in northern New Mexico. The
Santa Fe Trail runs past the post. It will eventually become a part of
the later constructed Fort Union, one of the largest military outposts
in the American Southwest.

June 12, 1755: Massachusetts posts its "Scalp bounty."

June 13, 1660: Wamsetta, a Wampanoag, and his younger brother, Metacomet
(various spellings), have requested "English" names from the Plymouth
court. Their names are officially changed to Alexander and Philip
Pokanoket. Philip is eventually called "King Philip."

June 14, 1867: According to the Constitution of the Coeur d'Alene Tribe
of Idaho, The Coeur d'Alene Reservation is established by Executive

June 15, 742: According to Maya engravings, King Itzamnaaj B'alam II
(Shield Jaguar) of Yaxchilan, Mexico dies.

See my photos of Yaxchilan at:

June 16, 1802: A treaty (7 stat. 68) with the Creeks is concluded near
Fort Wilkinson, on the Oconee River, near present day, Milledgeville,
Georgia. New tribal boundary lines are established, which cede lands
along the Oconee and Ocmulgee creeks, and the "Altamaha" tract. The
tribe receives $3000 annually, and some Chiefs get $1000 a year for ten
years. The tribe gets $10,000 now, and $10,000 is set aside to pay
tribal debts to local white traders. The Creeks also receive $5000 for
lands that have been seized. They also get two sets of blacksmith tools,
and trained blacksmiths to use them for three years. The United States
gets the right to establish a garrison on Creek lands. The treaty is
signed by thirty-nine Indians. The Americans are represented by General
James Wilkinson, Benjamin Hawkins and Andrew Pickens.

June 17, 1579: Sir Francis Drake lands north of San Francisco, probably
at what is today called Drake's Bay, in California. He reports the
Indians to be "people of a tractable, free and loving nature, without
guile or treachery."

June 18, 1934: The Indian Reorganization Act (48 Stat. 984-985) takes
place. Among other things, it is to "permit any Indian to transfer by
will restricted lands of such Indian to his or her heirs or lineal
descendants, and for other purposes. To authorize the sale of individual
Indian lands acquired under the Act of June 18, 1934 and under the Act
of June 26, 1936."

June 19, 1541: Hernando de Soto's expedition meets the Casqui Indians
near modern Helena, Arkansas. There has been a drought in the area, and
the padres offer to help. A large cross is erected and the Spaniards
join in prayer. Soon it starts to rain. The Casquis become allies of the

June 20, 1763: As part of Pontiac's rebellion, a force of Senecas,
Ottawas, Wyandots, and Chippewas attack Fort Presque Isle, at present
day Erie, in northwestern Pennsylvania. They have had the fort under
siege since June 15th. The soldiers numbering less than three dozen,
surrender when the fort goes up in flames. All but Ensign John Christie
and two others escape. The rest are killed.

June 21, 1856: Non-hostile Indians along the lower Rogue River, and at
Fort Orford, in southwestern Oregon, are put on a boat to be moved to a
new reservation between the Pacific Ocean, and the Wallamet River. It is
called the Grande Ronde Reservation.

June 22, 1839: Elias Boudinot, first editor of the Cherokee Phoenix,
Chief Major Ridge (Kahnungdaclageh) and his son, John Ridge
(Skahtlelohskee) are members of the Cherokee "Treaty Party." They have
generated many enemies by their stand agreeing to the removal of the
Cherokees from their lands east of the Mississippi River. They signed
the peace treaty which gave away Cherokee lands east of the Mississippi
River. They moved to Indian Territory (present day Oklahoma) with the
rest of the Cherokee Nation. Early this morning, John Ridge is dragged
from his bed, and stabbed to death. Chief Major Ridge is shot and killed
at 10:00 am in another part of the reservation. Later that day, Elias
Boudinot is stabbed and hacked to death. These murders are committed by
Cherokees for what they feel is their treasonous betrayal of the nation.
A Cherokee law, which Chief Ridge helped to make, gives the death
penalty to any Cherokee who sells or gives away Cherokee lands without
the majority of the tribe's permission. These deaths are considered the
execution of that law. Chief Stand Watie, brother to Elias, and nephew
to Major Ridge, manages to avoid the warriors who planned to kill him.

June 23, 1865: General Stand Watie, and his Cherokee Confederate
sympathizers, surrender. Stand Watie is the last Confederate General to
officially surrender.

June 24, 1763: As part of Pontiac's rebellion, a group of Delaware
surround Fort Pitt, in present day Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. The
commander, Captain Simeon Ecuyer, has 338 soldiers in the fort, and he
will not surrender. Not having enough warriors to attack the fort, the
Delaware leave the fort with a few blankets as a present. Unknown to the
Indians, the blankets came from a infirmary treating smallpox. The
Delaware are the first to be affected by this form of biological warfare
during the rebellion. Some sources says this happens on July 24th.

June 25, 1876: At the Battle of the Little Big Horn, Colonel
George Custer is commanding Troops C,E,F,I, and L; Major Marcus Reno has
troops A,G, and M. Captain Frederick Benteen leads Troops H,D, and K.
Captain Thomas McDougall guards the supply wagons with Troop B. It is a
significant defeat for the U. S. Army. Army reports list thirteen
officers, 189 enlisted men, and four civilians are killed in Custer's
command. Reno's troops split from Custer's. According to army documents,
Lt. Donald McIntosh, Lt. B.H. Hodgson, forty-six soldiers, and one
civilian are killed. Captain Benteen, Lt. C.A. Varnum and forty-four
soldiers are wounded in the fighting which lasts through tomorrow. Army
reports do not list how many Indians were killed or wounded in this
defeat for the army. The following soldiers receive Congressional Medals
of Honor for actions during this battle today and tomorrow: Private Neil
Bancroft, Company A; Private Abram B. Brant, Co. D; Private Thomas J.
Callen, Co. B; Sergeant Benjamin C. Criswell, Co. B; Corporal Charles
Cunningham, Co. B; Private Frederick Deetline, Co. D; Sergeant George
Geiger, Co. H; Private Theodore Goldin, Troop G; Private David W.Harris,
Co. A; Private William M. Harris, Co. D; Private Henry Holden, Co. D;
Sergeant Rufus D. Hutchinson, Co. B; Blacksmith Henry Mechlin, Co. H;
Sergeant Thomas Murray, Co. B; Private James Pym, Co. B; Sergeant
Stanislaus Roy, Co. A; Private George Scott, Co. D; Private Thomas
Stivers, Co. D; Private Peter Thompson, Co. C; Private Frank Tolan, Co.
D; Saddler Otto Voit, Co. H; Sergeant Charles Welch, Co. D; Private
Charles Windolph, Co. H.

See my photos of Greasy Grass/Little Big Horn at:

June 26, 1874: The Comanches under Quanah Parker decide to punish
the white hunters for killing their buffalo herds and taking their
grazing lands. Joined by Kiowa, Cheyenne and Arapahos, they set out for
the trading post called Adobe Walls in the panhandle of Texas. Medicine
man Isatai of the Comanche promises the bullets of the white men will
not harm them. A buffalo hunter named William "Billy" Dixon sees the
Indians approaching, and he is able to fire a warning shot before the
attack. The Indians charge the trading post. There are twenty-eight men,
and one woman, in Adobe Walls, and the buffalo hunters there have very
accurate, long-range rifles with telescopic sights. Dixon is reported to
have knocked an Indian off his horse from 1538 yards away with one of
these rifles. The adobe walls provide very good cover for them. Slightly
more than a dozen Indians are killed in the fight, and Isatai is
humiliated. The Indians give up the fight as hopeless, and they leave.
Some sources report this fight happening on June 27, 1874 and lasting
until July 1st.

See a few pictures of the area here:

June 27, 1542: Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo leaves Mexico to go up the
Pacific coast in exploration. Cabrillo is the first European to land in
San Diego Bay, California. He goes as far north as the Rogue River, in

June 28, 1878: Tambiago, the killer of Alex Rhoden on November 23, 1877,
which led to the Bannock War, is hanged at the Idaho Territorial prison.

June 29, 1906: The Anazasi ruins at Mesa Verde are declared a
National Park.

June 30, 1520: According to some sources, Montezuma dies. Some say he is
killed by other Aztecs. Others say he is stabbed to death by Spaniards
under Hernan Cortes.




From my mother:

A mechanic was removing a cylinder-head from the motor of a Harley
motorcycle when he spotted a well-known cardiologist in his shop. The
cardiologist was there waiting for the service manager to come take a
look at his bike when the mechanic shouted across the garage, "Hey Doc,
want to take a look at this?"

The cardiologist, a bit surprised, walked over to where the mechanic was
working on the motorcycle. The mechanic straightened up, wiped his hands
on a rag and asked, "So Doc, look at this engine. I open its heart, take
the valves out, repair any damage, and then put them back in, and when I
finish, it works just like new.

So how come I make $39,675 a year and you get the really big bucks
($1,695,759) when you and I are doing basically the same work?"

The cardiologist paused, smiled and leaned over, then whispered to the
mechanic... "Try doing it with the engine running."















That's it for this month.

Stay safe,

Phil Konstantin

End of Phil Konstantin's June 2011 Newsletter


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Four of the five books I have worked on. I either wrote, co-wrote, or contributed to each of these beeks

This is the cover to my first book. 
Click here to got more info, or to order a copy. Click on the cover to order a copy or to get more info.
This Day in North American Indian History
This Day in North American Indian History is a one-of-a-kind, vastly entertaining and informative book covering over 5000 years of North American Indian history, culture, and lore. Wide-ranging, it covers over 4,000 important events involving the native peoples of North America in a unique day-by-day format.

The thousands of entries in This Day in North American Indian History weave a compelling and comprehensive mosaic of North American Indian history spanning more than five millennia-every entry an exciting opening into the fascinating but little- known history of American Indians.

Over 100 photographs and illustrations - This book has 480 pages, weighs 2.2 pounds and is 8" by 9.5" in size. The Dates, Names and "Moons" section of these pages are based on the book.

This is the cover to my 4th book. 
Click here to got more info, or to order a copy or to get more info.
This is the cover to my 4th book. Click here to got more info, or to order a copy or to get more info."

Native American History For Dummies

I wrote six of the twenty-four chapters in this book. I am credited with being the technical editor. Book Description:
Native American History For Dummies introduces readers to the thousand-year-plus history of the first inhabitants of North America and explains their influence on the European settlement of the continent. Covering the history and customs of the scores of tribes that once populated the land, this friendly guide features vivid studies of the lives of such icons as Pocahontas, Sitting Bull, and Sacagawea; discusses warfare and famous battles, offering new perspectives from both battle lines; and includes new archaeological and forensic evidence, as well as oral histories that show events from the perspective of these indigenous peoples. The authors worked in concert with Native American authorities, institutions, and historical experts to provide a wide range of insight and information.
This is the cover to my 3rd book. 
Click here to got more info, or to order a copy or to get more info.
This is the cover to my 3rd book. Click here to got more info, or to order a copy or to get more info
Treaties With American Indians I wrote an article and several appendix items for this book.
Clips from a review on Amazon.com: *Starred Review* In the 93 years from 1778 until 1871, there were more than 400 treaties negotiated by Indian agents and government officials. Editor Fixico and more than 150 contributors have crafted a three volume comprehensive tool that will soon become essential for anyone interested in the topic. A resource section with lists of ?Alternate Tribal Names and Spellings,? ?Tribal Name Meanings,? (<---- I wrote this part) Treaties by Tribe,? and ?Common Treaty Names? and a bibliography and comprehensive index are repeated in each volume. This impressive set has a place in any academic library that supports a Native American studies or American history curriculum. It is the most comprehensive source of information on Canadian-Indian treaties and U.S.-Indian treaties. Also available as an e-book.

"The Wacky World of Laws"
It was just released in May 2009.
The Wacky World of Laws. Click on the cover to order a copy or to get more info.

The Wacky World of Laws is a compilation of U.S. and International Laws that are out of the ordinary. With the U.S. churning out 500,000 new laws every year and 2 million regulations annually, this book is the ideal go-to book fro everyone who wants a good laugh at the expense of our legal system. Law so often can be boring! Now with The Wacky World of Laws, you can be the hit of any water cooler conversation, and amaze your friends with precious legal nuggets.

I wrote most of this book. It is my fifth book.

(copyright, © Phil Konstantin, 1996-2013)

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since September 4, 2005