June 2006 Newsletter from
"This Day in North American Indian History"
by Phil Konstantin
Copyright © Phil Konstantin (1996-2006)

Click Here To Return To The Previous Website

Start of Phil Konstantin's June 2006 Newsletter 


I seem to have an ever-deepening stack of projects on my
desk. Now that I have more time on my hands, I seem to have
more things to do with it.

One of the things which has happened to me recently was a
"makeover" sponsored by the TV station where I work part-time. According
to most folks, I seem to look much younger
afterwards. I'm not sure how much of the "new look" I
will keep, but it is interesting seeing the reactions
I have been getting. Here is one of the incidents related
to the makeover. The morning of the makeover, I met our
TV station's fashion expert at an upscale menswear shop.
The store's manager was a fan of mine (that still sounds
so strange to say). He said he watched my reports on TV
almost every day. We talked for about an hour while the
fashion guy and I decided which clothes I would wear. The
next day (after the makeover), I returned the clothes I
had borrowed. The manager was on the phone as I came in.
He told me he'd be with me in just a minute. He would look
at me occasionally as he continued his call. I could hear
that he was talking about me on the phone and how he had
missed the show. It occurred to me that he was looking
right at me, and talking about me on the phone, but he did
not recognize me. He was completely surprised when I told
him who I was. Now that is a makeover!

Click the appropriate internet setting to see the video on this page.


The Link Of The Month for June 2006 is "The Tribal Historian"
at the Chickasaw Nation website. This is an interesting series
of stories written by Richard Green which have appeared in the Chickasaw
Times or The Journal of Chickasaw History. I think
you will find them entertaining and instructive.

You can find the website at:


The Treaty of the Month for June 2006 is the TREATY WITH THE CHICKASAW,
June 22, 1852.

It covers such matters such as: Agent to reside among the
Chickasaws. Sale of Chickasaw lands. Burial ground in Pontotoc.
Settlement of title of Chickasaws to a tract in Tennessee.
Chickasaw fund to be held in trust.

You can read a transcript of the treaty here:


Movie Reviews:

Despite being very busy with all of my projects, I did manage
to watch a couple of movies. I was surprised by the number of
general-interest movies which had Indian subplots.

"Transamerica" is the story of a man undergoing the physiological change
to become a woman. Felicity Huffman was nominated for
an Academy Award for her role as the man in question. She/he
travels across the country with her/his newly discovered
seventeen year old son. Quite unexpectedly to me, Graham
Greene appears in the movie. He plays a Navajo rancher they
encounter along the way. He is quite good, as usual. I
enjoyed his positive comments about being Cherokee. This
movie is rated R.

"Escanaba in da Moonlight" is a comedy starring Jeff Daniels.
It is about a Michigan man who, after 30 years of trying, has
yet to bag a deer. It is a funny movie with lots of low-brow
humor. The smartest person in the movie is his Indian wife.
If you liked Dumb And Dumber, you'll like this movie.

"The Blue Butterfly" is an inspirational movie based on a true
story. It is about a terminally-ill boy who wants to go to
Costa Rica to find one of the mysterious Blue Morpho
butterflies. While the storyline is typical for the
"overcoming adversity" genre, it is fairly well done. Many
of the minor characters are members of the local Bribri
tribe. The movie treats them with respect. This movie is
rated PG, and is suitable for most children. It also has
some excellent close-up photography of insects and other
Costa Rican rainforest animals.

"The New World" just came out on DVD. It tells the story
of Pocahontas. Oddly, they never mention her by this name. I
t was written and directed by the somewhat enigmatic Terrence
Malick (Thin Red Line). The story covers all of the basics
of the Jamestown settlers (or invaders, if you prefer). The
Powhatans has respectfully portrayed. Their motivations are
explained, and they appear less "savage" than their English
counterparts. The producers went to some lengths to accurately
portray the people and the environment. In fact, it was filmed
within a few miles of the actual area. For filmgoers, the
movie moves quite slowly. The cinematography is beautifully
rendered. There are many scene which seem to exist only to
create a mood. The battle scene are quite gritty, as is the
daily life of the settlers. One point made by the producers
was that the "new" world could also stand for an internal
look at one's one feelings and outlooks. The movie is rated

"Edge Of America" is another 'inspired by a true story"
feature. The basic story (to quote the IMDB.com website)
is when "a black educator takes a job teaching high-school
English at the Three Nations Reservation, and is coaxed into
coaching the girls basketball team." The movie has tons of
cliches, but it handles many of them in non-cliched ways.
You actually get a feel for the students, and the community.
James McDaniel (Lt. Fancy from NYPD Blue) plays the teacher.
Irene Bedard plays another teacher at the school. By the way,
I met her last month at the SDSU Powwow. She was very
friendly and open to all of the people she met there. Wes
Studi gets to play a good-guy this time as the local handyman.
He comes in from time-to-time to offer some interesting
perspectives on the ongoing happenings. The movie does a fair
job of dealing with teenage angst. There are many good scenes
in the "Hoosiers meets Smoke Signals" film.


News stories from online sources:

Dance returns to dwelling: Puebloans hold traditional dance at Mesa
Verde site for first time in centuries

International Workshop Restores Adobe Monuments

Daughter keeps alive the art of natural dyeing

A very resilient people

Plant powers concern over air quality: Sithe Global LLC plans to ink
lease agreement with Navajo Nation

Fort McDowell Yavapai celebrate sovereignty

The First Nations will no longer tolerate being peasants in their own

Connecticut's campaign to exterminate the Schaghticokes

For archaeologists, term 'Anasazi' becoming an artifact

Urban Indian Community Responds to an Information Crisis (PDF format)

Rattlesnake Island: 'archaeologically significant'

Archaeological park lets visitors explore, touch ancient pueblo

Native American Students Organize 214 Mile Relay Run to Honor Klamath
River Salmon

Reclaim the sacred to survive, LaDuke says

Supreme Court Refuses Native American Dispute

Good and bad found in education survey: Oklahoma's Native students fare
better compared with those in other states

Supreme Court drops Cayuga land claim case

Ghosts of the past linger at a New Mexico pueblo

Developer "outraged" after building banned on site of native occupation

Acoma Tribe of New Mexico to Open Sky City Cultural Center and Haak'u
Museum Memorial Weekend '06

Imitations hurting American Indian arts and crafts industry

May I Suggest ...by: David Melmer

Native leader says culture aids suicides

Indians establish own court system; Mainly civil cases handled by a

New Help For Native American Radio Stations

Graduation is a time to celebrate your culture

Manitowoc native Boeldt to be inducted into American Football
Association Hall of Fame

Columbus suffers same fate as Kennewick Man


Notices & Events:
(These are are provided FYI. Please use your own decretion in
supporting any effort or group.)

From: Bessell, Matthew
Sent: Friday, May 26, 2006 4:57 PM
Subject: Northport Native American Special Emphasis Collection Moves to
Stonybrook And Is Renamed

Dear All:

The EEO NAISEP Committee Native American Indian Collection
henceforth to be known as the Northport Native American Special Emphasis
Collection was smudged with sweetgrass and sage this afternoon as it was
loaded onto a truck en route to its new
home at the State University of New York At Stony Brook.
Seven boxes of materials were sent.

Creator must have been smiling upon the work as unbeknownst
to us and the two movers who assisted us arrived unaware of
the Collection's contents. Yet, one person was Blackfoot and
Cherokee and the other person was Lumbee dating his family
back to the people who witnessed Captain John Smith's arrival
in Virginia in the 1600's. They both asked to receive
bibliographies and be on our mailing list.

SUNY Stonybrook is willing to accept and welcomes donations.

Here's the info on it's new home:

The Northport Native American Special Emphasis Collection
has been relocated to the Frank Melville, Jr. Memorial Library
at SUNY Stony Brook and can be inter-library borrowed by
contacting http://sunysb.edu/~library/index.html. The Library
can be contacted at. (631) 632-7100. The Melville Library
hopes to have the materials cataloged and available by July
31, 2006 and we thank them for their stewardship of the

We hope that the Collection will continue to travel and
inform those who seek to learn from and access it.

Matthew Bessell, LCSW
Social Work Service Extended Care
EEO Native American Special Emphasis Program Manager
Steward, AFGE Local 1843
VAMC Northport
Social Work Service (122)
79 Middleville Road
Northport, New York 11768
(631) 261-4400, Extension 2534


May 24, 2006

SAIGE Announces 3rd Annual National Training Conference

The Society of American Indian Government Employees (SAIGE)
is a national non-profit organization that advocates for
American Indian and Alaska Native federal employees. Similar
to our sister organizations - Blacks in Government (BIG),
National IMAGE, Inc. (Hispanic), Federal Asian Pacific
American Council (FAPAC), and Federally Employed Women (FEW)
- SAIGE hosts an annual National Training Conference (NTC).
SAIGE’s Training Conference promotes the professional growth,
development and continuing education of federal employees.

We are pleased to announce that the online registration is
now available for our 3rd Annual Training Conference.

"One People, A Diversity of Culture", will be held at the
Hotel Captain Cook in Anchorage, Alaska August 28 -31, 2006.

Featured speakers include Mary Kim Titla (Apache), publisher
of Native Youth Online Magazine; Olympic gold medal winner
and motivational speaker, Billy Mills (Sioux); and Joy Hilton
and Barry Ross, who have provided training and conditioning
classes for executives enrolled at the Federal Executive
Institute and USDA's Graduate School Executive Potential
Program. There will also be workshops on leadership,
diversity, personal and professional growth topics. Our
conference location offers the unique opportunity to see
and learn more about Alaska Native culture and history.

The Office of Personnel Management (OPM) has determined
SAIGE's training qualifies as training in compliance with
5 U.S.C. Chapter 41. The training is open to all employees
and will cover career advancement topics such as
interviewing, managing and leading people, and self-marketing
skills. To view the OPM approval letter visit their website
at http://www.chcoc.gov/transmittal_detail.cfm?ID=740

Early bird registration fee is $400 through July 7th and $450 afterward.

You may find the current agenda on the registration webpage at:

For comparative information on Transportation, Meals &
Lodging, and on Climate and weather information, go to our
webpage at: http://www.saige.org/conf/2006/conf2006.htm

Alaska Airlines is providing SAIGE conference attendees
with a discounted rate. For more information on how to
take advantage visit our webpage at http://saige.org

For additional information please contact: Albert Barros (
albert.-@mms.gov mailto:albert.-@mms.gov or 907-334-5209)


First Nations Development Institute is pleased to announce
the 2006 Leadership and Entrepreneurial Apprenticeship
Development (LEAD) Program.

LEAD is an educational program designed to educate and train
emerging leaders in Native nonprofit management. The
Apprenticeship aims to retain wealth and assets in
reservation communities by supporting the development
management and leadership for existing and emerging
nonprofit businesses.

In its charter year, one to three Apprentices will be
selected for placement with Native nonprofit host
organizations. Apprentices will be assigned a Mentor
who will work with the apprentice to develop a Learning
Plan that will be implemented throughout the one-year
placement term.

Apprenticeship applications are due July 15, 2006, and
should be submitted to LE-@firstnations.org. Please send
questions or requests for more information about the LEAD Apprenticeship
Program to jtil-@firstnations.org, or
contact me at the telephone number listed below. You can
also download the application from First Nations' website
at www.firstnations.org.

Very respectfully,

Jackie Tiller
Associate Director
Training & Technical Assistance
10707 Spotsylvania Avenue, Suite 201
Fredericksburg, VA 22408
(540) 371-5615, ext. 18
Fax: (540) 371-3505


Mashpee Wampanoag Youth Sobriety Pow Wow
Dates: June 3, 2006
Location: Mashpee Wampanoag Tribal Council Pow Wow Grounds
483 Great Neck Road
South Mashpee, MA
Contact: David Pocknett
Phone: 508-477-0208 (Mon.-Fri. 8:30am-4:30pm)
Fax 508-477-1218

Gates Entry at 12pm!!!
All Dancers and Drums Welcome
Day Money Paid to All
Meals Provided


Mashpee Wampanoag Pow Wow
Dates: July 1-3, 2006
Time: Gates Open at 10am
Location: Mashpee Wampanoag Tribal Grounds
483 Great Neck Road, South Mashpee, MA
Contact: Mashpee Wampanoag Tribal Council
Phone: 508-477-0208 (Mon.-Fri. 8:30am-4:30pm)
Fax 508-477-1218

Gates Open at 10am!!!
Host Drum: Eastern Eagles
Head Man Dancer: Cheenulka Pocknett
Head Woman Dancer: Mishanaggus Mills

Over $16,000 in Prizes, $7,000 in Drum Prizes
Craft Vendors, Native Foods, Clam Bake on Sunday
Admission Costs: Adults- $8, Seniors and Children under 12- $4, Children
under 5- free.
Mashpee Wampanoag Tribal ID for Free Admission.



Subject: Seeking Native American Students
From:    "Sarah Moses" ;
Date:    Thu, May 18, 2006 6:41 am


My name is Sarah Moses, editorial assistant for Indian
Country Today. Each September we come out with an education
magazine that lists scholarship, internships and college
programs for Native American students across the country.
One of our staff writers in Southern California is looking
for students, current or newly graduating, that would agree
to be interviewed for a story for the magazine. Please
email me back with contact information.

Thank you,
Sarah Moses
Indian Country Today



Howka everyone. I go to the Kumeyaay Children's shelter
every month and work on the shelter. This weekend I have
a volunteer group helping by doing painting, roofing,
hanging and sewing curtains , installing a toilet , and lots
of other things that need to be done... I need more
volunteers and some more supplies.. the website about the
shelter is (see below)    So if u are interested in
volunteering we will be starting sat.9am and I will be
staying there til Monday afternoon..

Karen Vigneault   kumeyaa-@hotmail.com


Boy's room
Appx. 14x10 & 10x10
2-gal KILZ- already donated
2- gal semi-gloss royal blue (Dodger blue) paint- already donated
insulation - for ceiling - appx. two rolls
8 sheets drywall
2 rolls drywall tape
2 boxes drywall mud
windows have been removed and brick and mortar were
built into the opening - need to cover with mortar or
something similar

Girl's room
12 x30 & 2)11x13 rooms
4 gal KILZ - already donated
4 gal semi-gloss pink paint already donated
two screen making kits to cover 23"x28" - already donated
two curtain rods & brackets 48" long each (one of them - already donated
has to attach to a side wall
two sets of curtains to cover 48"x30" openings to
match pink already donated
23 linear feet of vertical supports ( could use 2x4s)
for steps and 2x4 cut to fit each step and the ceiling
to support the rails appx - 1) 2x4x10 and 5) 2x4x8
one door - 34 3/4 x 73 1/4 x 1 7/8

Orange paint for other room already donated

Peach paint for other room already donated

Paint for kitchen and living room already donated

2 - contractor packs of switch plate covers - already donated
2- contractor packs of outlet plate covers
four individual plate covers for and outlet and switch

5 - light fixtures - mounted to ceiling
10 - four packs of sixty watt light bulbs
electrical tape to wrap around exposed wiring

30" vanity base cabinet and top
single handle bathroom faucet
waterproof caulking for bathroom (3 almond one white) - already donated
two flanges for wall shower handles

outside make-shift toilet only room
TI-II siding - two 4x8s to cut to size

Nails / screws to sink into cinder blocks or screws to
sink into cinder blocks
Angle grinder to cut rebar
circular saw to cut wood
drill to drill holes and drive screws in masonry


ATTENTION!!!!!!!!! ATTENTION!!!!!!!!!!

Corrupt Tribal Leaders Destroying Indian Country

Join us in a rally to focus attention on some of our
Redwood Empire Tribal leaders whose behavior has put a
negative light on all Indians. These corrupt tribal
leaders have misused tribal sovereignty in a way that
is detrimental to our local Indian community. These
leaders believe they can not be held accountable for
their actions and believe they are above any law,
tribal or federal.

By denying individuals the right to due process, rights
of free speech and the right of Indian citizens to
participate in their tribal government, corrupt tribal
leaders have violated the civil and human rights of Indian
and non-Indian people alike.

These corrupt tribal leaders use intimidation, harassment,
extortion, nepotism, conflicts of interest, loss of
employment, loss of citizenship, bribery and greed as
weapons to maintain totalitarian control over their

Join us on June 24th at 10:30 a.m. at the Alex R. Thomas
Jr. Plaza in Ukiah, Ca. This plaza is located just south
of the Mendocino County Court House on North State Street.
Come listen to individuals whose rights have been violated
at the hands of these corrupt tribal leaders.

For more information Contact:
Mark and Carla Maslin
(530) 365-1282

A representative from the American Indian Rights and
Resources Organization, (AIRRO), will be present to
provide information and answer questions on the growing
national problem of civil and human rights violations
occurring in Indian country


Aboriginals and the Canadian Military:
past, present, future

21-22 June 2006
Kingston, Ontario

The Canadian Forces Leadership Institute is pleased to
celebrate National Aboriginal Day 2006 by hosting the
first conference on Aboriginal contributions to the
Canadian military experience. This event aims to celebrate,
raise visibility and increase awareness of Aboriginal
contributions to the Canadian Forces. It also endeavours
to build bridges between these communities and develop
ideas that will help strengthen Aboriginal-military
relations in the future.

The conference will incorporate traditional Native
elements in the opening ceremony, a feast for participants,
displays of CF Aboriginal programs and testimonials from
past and serving Aboriginal members. The conference will
also have an academic component, providing a venue for
presentations of research findings, discussions and
analysis. The military component of the conference will
be highlighted through the history of the conference site,
the Royal Military College of Canada, and other martial

Through this holistic approach, the conference aims to
advance the transformation of the CF's posture towards
diversity - from accommodation (through minimal compliance)
to acceptance (that maximizes benefits) - by fostering
mutual understanding, respect and trust between Canada's
military and Aboriginal peoples.

It is hoped that this conference will not only advance
the Canadian Forces' efforts to enhance Aboriginal
representation and retention, but also assist the
Aboriginal, public service, military and research
communities to find common ground and ways to promote
future collaboration and discussion.

We look forward to seeing you in June!



Humor & Interesting Thoughts:

From my mother:

-----You're An EXTREME Redneck When.....

1. You let your 14-year-old daughter smoke at the dinner table
in front of her kids.

2. The Blue Book value of your truck goes up and down depending
on how much gas is in it.

3. You've been married three times and still have the same

4. You think a woman who is "out of your league" bowls on a
different night.

5. You wonder how service stations keep their rest-rooms so

6. Someone in your family died right after saying, "Hey, guys,
watch this."

7. You think Dom Perignon is a Mafia leader.

8. Your wife's hairdo was once ruined by a ceiling fan.

9. Your junior prom offered day care.

10. You think the last words of the "Star-Spangled Banner" are
"Gentlemen, start your engines."

11. You lit a match in the bathroom and your house exploded right
off its wheels.

12. The Halloween Pumpkin on your porch has more teeth than your

13. You have to go outside to get something from the fridge.

14. One of your kids was born on a pool table.

15. You need one more hole punched in your card to get a freebie
at the House of Tattoos.

16. You can't get married to your sweetheart because there's a
law against it.

17. You think loading the dishwasher means getting your wife

And Finally:

An East Tennessee couple, both real-live rednecks, had 9
children. They went to the doctor to see about getting
the husband "fixed". The doctor asked them why, after
nine children would they choose to do this. The husband
replied that they had read in a recent article that one
out of every ten children being born in North America
was Mexican and they didn't want a Mexican baby because
neither of them could speak Spanish.


Also from Mom:


I planted some birdseed. A bird came up. Now I don't know
what to feed it.
I had amnesia once -- or twice.
I went to San Francisco. I found someone's heart. Now what?
Protons have mass? I didn't even know they were Catholic.
All I ask is a chance to prove money can't make me happy.
If the world were a logical place, men would ride
horses sidesaddle.
What is a "free" gift? Aren't all gifts free?
They told me I was gullible and I believed them.
Teach a child to be polite and courteous in the home and,
when he grows up, he'll never be able to merge his car
onto a freeway.
Two can live as cheaply as one, for half as long.
Experience is the thing you have left when everything
else is gone.
What if there were no hypothetical questions?
The shampoo promised me extra body and I gained three pounds.
One nice thing about egotists: They don't talk about
other people.
When the only tool you own is a hammer, every problem
begins to look like a 20 penny nail.
A flashlight is a case for holding dead batteries.
What was the greatest thing before sliced bread? Hmmmm?
My weight is perfect for my height -- which varies.
I used to be indecisive. Now I'm so not sure.
The cost of living hasn't affected its popularity.
How can there be self-help "groups"?
Is there another word for synonym?
Where do forest rangers go to "get away from it all"?
The speed of time is one-second per second.
Is it possible to be totally partial?
What's another word for thesaurus?
Is Marx's tomb a communist plot?
If swimming is so good for your figure, how do you
explain whales?
Show me a man with both feet firmly on the ground, and
I'll show you a man who can't get his pants off.
It's not an optical illusion. It just looks like one.
Is it my imagination, or do buffalo wings taste like chicken?


From Bev Fox:

A magazine recently ran a "Dilbert Quotes" contest. They
were looking for people to submit quotes from their real-life
Dilbert-comic-strip-type managers. These were voted the top
ten quotes from the managers we work for in corporate
America, circa 2004:

"As of tomorrow, employees will only be able to access the
building using individual security cards. Pictures will be
taken next Wednesday, and employees will receive their cards
in two weeks." (This was the winning quote from Fred Dales,
Microsoft Corp. in Redmond WA)

"What I need is an exact list of specific unknown problems
we might encounter" (Lykes Lines Shipping)

" E-mail is not to be used to pass on information or data.
It should be used only for company business." (Accounting
manager, Electric Boat Company)

" This project is so important we can't let things that are
more important interfere with it." (Advertising/Marketing
manager, United Parcel Service)

" Doing it right is no excuse for not meeting the schedule."
(Plant Manager, Delco Corporation)

" No one will believe you solved this problem in one day!
We've been working on it for months. Now go act busy for a
few weeks and I'll let you know when it's time to tell them."
(R&D supervisor, Minnesota Mining and Manufacturing/3M Corp.)

Quote from the Boss: "Teamwork is a lot of people doing
what I say." (Marketing executive, Citrix Corporation)

My sister passed away and her funeral was scheduled for
Monday. When I told my Boss, he said she died on purpose
so that I would have to miss work on the busiest day of the
year. He then asked if we could change her burial to Friday.
He said, "That would be better for me." (Shipping executive,
FTD Florists)

" We know that communication is a problem, but the company
is not going to discuss it with the employees." (Switching
supervisor, AT&T Long Lines Division)


From Louis K. Freiberg:

Quotes on Government..

1) Suppose you were an idiot. And suppose you were a member
of Congress. But then I repeat myself. ............Mark Twain
2) I contend that for a nation to try to tax itself into
prosperity is like a man standing in a bucket and trying
to lift himself up by the handle. ..........
Winston Churchill
3) A government which robs Peter to pay Paul can always depend
on the support of Paul. ..........George Bernard Shaw
4) A liberal is someone who feels a great debt to his
fellow man, which debt he proposes to pay off with your money.
............G Gordon Liddy
5) Democracy must be something more than two wolves and a
sheep voting on what to have for dinner. ..........James Bovard,
6) Foreign aid might be defined as a transfer of money from
poor people in rich countries to rich people in poor countries.
..........Douglas Casey,
7) Giving money and power to government is like giving whiskey
and car keys to teenage boys. ..............P.J. O'Rourke,
8) Government is the great fiction, through which everybody
endeavors to live at the expense of everybody else. .........
Frederic Bastiat,
9) Government's view of the economy could be summed up in a
few short phrases: If it moves, tax it. If it keeps moving,
regulate it. And if it stops moving, subsidize it. ......
Ronald Reagan (1986)
10) I don't make jokes. I just watch the government and report
the facts. ............Will Rogers
11) If you think health care is expensive now, wait until you
see what it costs when it's free. ........P.J. O'Rourke
12) In general, the art of government consists of taking as
much money as possible from one party of the citizens to give
to the other. ........Voltaire (1764)
13) Just because you do not take an interest in politics
doesn't mean politics won't take an interest in you. ..........Pericles
(430 B.C.)
14) No man's life, liberty, or property is safe while the
legislature is in session. ..........Mark Twain (1866)
15) Talk is cheap .. except when Congress does it. ........
16) The inherent vice of capitalism is the unequal sharing
of the blessings. The inherent blessing of socialism is the
equal sharing of misery. ........Winston Churchill
17) The only difference between a tax man and a taxidermist
is that the taxidermist leaves the skin. .......Mark Twain
18) The ultimate result of shielding men from the effects of
folly is to fill the world with fools. ..........Herbert
Spencer (1820-1903
19) What this country needs are more unemployed politicians.
.........Edward Langle
20) A government big enough to give you everything you want,
is strong enough to take everything you have. .........Unknown
21) Never mess with anybody who prints their own money.....
..... Al Urban (2006)


Here are some random historical events for June:

June 1, 1934: A legal definition of "Indian" is made by
the United States government.

June 2, 1752: Diego Ortiz Parrilla, Lieutenant Colonel of
the Royal Armies, Proprietary Captain of the Dragoons of
Veracruz, Governor and Captain-General of the Provinces of
Sinaloa and Sonora in the Kingdom of New Andalucia declares
the estalishment of a permanent Spanish community at what
would become modern Tubac, Arizona. This would be the first significant
Spanish settlement in Arizona.

June 3, 1823: Yesterday a trapper is killed in a Arikara
village. The Arikara warriors attack Jedediah Smith and his
forty men who are camped on the nearby river. There are also
ninety men stationed on boats in the river. Fearing for their
lives, the men in the boats refuse to come help Smith's men.
Fifteen men are killed and almost as many are wounded in the
fighting before they can swim out to the boats and flee.

June 4, 1696: A second Pueblo revolt takes place in modern
New Mexico. Participating tribes were the Cochiti, Picuris,
Santa Fe, Santo Domingo, Tano, Taos and Tewa. Twenty-one
settlers and soldiers, and five missionaries are killed in
the fighting. The revolt would not be long lived.

June 5, 1836: Of the 407 "friendly" Seminoles who left Tampa
Bay on April 11, 1836, only 320 arrive in their new lands in
the Indian Territory (present day Oklahoma). Eighty-seven of
the Seminoles die during the rigorous trip.

June 6, 1962: The Fort Apache Scout is first published.

June 7, 1494: The "new world" is divided between Spain and
Portugal by the Catholic church.

June 8, 1758: General Jeffrey Amherst is leading a force of
more than 10,000 soldiers on a fleet of almost fifty British
ships. They land and attack the French fort at Louisbourg,
Nova Scotia. The French forces are led by Chevier de Drucour.
He has 3,100 soldiers, 1,000 Canadians and 500 Indians at
his disposal. The French also have a fleet in port. The
fighting continues until July 26th. The British are
victorious. Fearing they will be executed, many of the
Indians will flee because the British offer terms of surrender
only to the French troops.

June 9, 1870: Ely Parker (Donehogawa) commissioner of Indian
Affairs invites Red Cloud, and several other Sioux to visit
him, and the Great Father, in Washington. Red Cloud meets
President Ulysses Grant. Red Cloud tells Grant the Sioux do
not want a reservation on the Missouri River. Red Cloud also
talks about some of the promises made in the treaty which were
not actually included. They have a cordial meeting, but Grant
knows the difference between the items promised, and the items actually
in the treaty are grounds for contention in the
future. He suggests the Indians be read the treaty in its
entirety soon.

June 10, 1909: The U.S. Supreme Court confirms and approves
Guion Miller's new tribal rolls of the Eastern Cherokees who
are entitled to share in the distribution of a $1,000,000 fund
the Court established in 1906.

June 11, 1848: Alexander Barclay establishes a trading post
and fort and the juncture of the Sapello and Mora Rivers in
northern New Mexico. The Santa Fe Trail runs past the post.
It will eventually become a part of the later constructed Fort
Union, one of the largest military outposts in the American

June 12, 1755: Massachusetts posts its "Scalp bounty."

June 13, 1660: Wamsetta, a Wampanoag, and his younger brother, Metacomet
(various spellings), have requested "English" names
from the Plymouth court. Their names are officially changed to Alexander
and Philip Pokanoket. Philip is eventually called
"King Philip."

June 14, 1867: According to the Constitution of the Coeur
d'Alene Tribe of Idaho, The Coeur d'Alene Reservation is
established by Executive Order.

June 15, 742: According to Maya engravings, King Itzamnaaj
B'alam II (Shield Jaguar) of Yaxchilan, Mexico dies.

(see my photos of Yaxchilan on my page at:
http://americanindian.net/mexico17.html )

June 16, 1802: A treaty (7 stat. 68) with the Creeks is
concluded near Fort Wilkinson, on the Oconee River, near
present day, Milledgeville, Georgia. New tribal boundary
lines are established, which cede lands along the Oconee
and Ocmulgee creeks, and the "Altamaha" tract. The tribe
receives $3000 annually, and some Chiefs get $1000 a year
for ten years. The tribe gets $10,000 now, and $10,000 is
set aside to pay tribal debts to local white traders. The
Creeks also receive $5000 for lands that have been seized.
They also get two sets of blacksmith tools, and trained
blacksmiths to use them for three years. The United States
gets the right to establish a garrison on Creek lands. The
treaty is signed by thirty-nine Indians. The Americans are
represented by General James Wilkinson, Benjamin Hawkins
and Andrew Pickens.

June 17, 1579: Sir Francis Drake lands north of San
Francisco, probably at what is today called Drake's Bay,
in California. He reports the Indians to be "people of a
tractable, free and loving nature, without guile or

June 18, 1934: The Indian Reorganization Act (48 Stat.
984-985) takes place. Among other things, it is to "permit
any Indian to transfer by will restricted lands of such
Indian to his or her heirs or lineal descendants, and for
other purposes. To authorize the sale of individual Indian
lands acquired under the Act of June 18, 1934 and under the
Act of June 26, 1936."

June 19, 1541: Hernando de Soto's expedition meets the
Casqui Indians near modern Helena, Arkansas. There has been
a drought in the area, and the padres offer to help. A large
cross is erected and the Spaniards join in prayer. Soon it
starts to rain. The Casquis become allies of the Spanish.

June 20, 1763: As part of Pontiac's rebellion, a force of
Senecas, Ottawas, Wyandots, and Chippewas attack Fort Presque
Isle, at present day Erie, in northwestern Pennsylvania. They
have had the fort under siege since June 15th. The soldiers
numbering less than three dozen, surrender when the fort goes
up in flames. All but Ensign John Christie and two others
escape. The rest are killed.

June 21, 1856: Non-hostile Indians along the lower Rogue
River, and at Fort Orford, in southwestern Oregon, are put
on a boat to be moved to a new reservation between the
Pacific Ocean, and the Wallamet River. It is called the
Grande Ronde Reservation.

June 22, 1839: Elias Boudinot, first editor of the Cherokee
Phoenix, Chief Major Ridge (Kahnungdaclageh) and his son,
John Ridge (Skahtlelohskee) are members of the Cherokee
"Treaty Party." They have generated many enemies by their
stand agreeing to the removal of the Cherokees from their
lands east of the Mississippi River. They signed the peace
treaty which gave away Cherokee lands east of the
Mississippi River. They moved to Indian Territory (present
day Oklahoma) with the rest of the Cherokee Nation. Early
this morning, John Ridge is dragged from his bed, and
stabbed to death. Chief Major Ridge is shot and killed at
10:00 am in another part of the reservation. Later that
day, Elias Boudinot is stabbed and hacked to death. These
murders are committed by Cherokees for what they feel is
their treasonous betrayal of the nation. A Cherokee law,
which Chief Ridge helped to make, gives the death penalty
to any Cherokee who sells or gives away Cherokee lands
without the majority of the tribe's permission. These
deaths are considered the execution of that law. Chief
Stand Watie, brother to Elias, and nephew to Major Ridge,
manages to avoid the warriors who planned to kill him.

June 23, 1865: General Stand Watie, and his Cherokee
Confederate sympathizers, surrender. Stand Watie is the last Confederate
General to officially surrender.

June 24, 1763: As part of Pontiac's rebellion, a group of
Delaware surround Fort Pitt, in present day Pittsburgh,
Pennsylvania. The commander, Captain Simeon Ecuyer, has 338
soldiers in the fort, and he will not surrender. Not having
enough warriors to attack the fort, the Delaware leave the
fort with a few blankets as a present. Unknown to the
Indians, the blankets came from a infirmary treating
smallpox. The Delaware are the first to be affected by
this form of biological warfare during the rebellion. Some
sources says this happens on July 24th.

June 25, 1876: At the Battle of the Little Big Horn, Colonel
George Custer is commanding Troops C,E,F,I, and L; Major
Marcus Reno has troops A,G, and M. Captain Frederick Benteen
leads Troops H,D, and K. Captain Thomas McDougall guards the
supply wagons with Troop B. It is a significant defeat for
the U. S. Army. Army reports list thirteen officers, 189
enlisted men, and four civilians are killed in Custer's
command. Reno's troops split from Custer's. According to
army documents, Lt. Donald McIntosh, Lt. B.H. Hodgson,
forty-six soldiers, and one civilian are killed. Captain
Benteen, Lt. C.A. Varnum and forty-four soldiers are wounded
in the fighting which lasts through tomorrow. Army reports
do not list how many Indians were killed or wounded in this
defeat for the army. The following soldiers receive
Congressional Medals of Honor for actions during this battle
today and tomorrow: Private Neil Bancroft, Company A;
Private Abram B. Brant, Co. D; Private Thomas J. Callen,
Co. B; Sergeant Benjamin C. Criswell, Co. B; Corporal Charles
Cunningham, Co. B; Private Frederick Deetline, Co. D;
Sergeant George Geiger, Co. H; Private Theodore Goldin,
Troop G; Private David W. Harris, Co. A; Private William
M. Harris, Co. D; Private Henry Holden, Co. D; Sergeant
Rufus D. Hutchinson, Co. B; Blacksmith Henry Mechlin, Co.
H; Sergeant Thomas Murray, Co. B; Private James Pym, Co. B;
Sergeant Stanislaus Roy, Co. A; Private George Scott, Co. D;
Private Thomas Stivers, Co. D; Private Peter Thompson, Co. C;
Private Frank Tolan, Co. D; Saddler Otto Voit, Co. H;
Sergeant Charles Welch, Co. D; Private Charles Windolph,
Co. H.

(see my photos of the battlesite on my website at:
http://americanindian.net/2003l.html )

June 26, 1874: The Comanches under Quanah Parker decide to
punish the white hunters for killing their buffalo herds and
taking their grazing lands. Joined by Kiowa, Cheyenne and
Arapahos, they set out for the trading post called Adobe
Walls in the panhandle of Texas. Medicine man Isatai of the
Comanche promises the bullets of the white men will not
harm them. A buffalo hunter named William "Billy" Dixon
sees the Indians approaching, and he is able to fire a
warning shot before the attack. The Indians charge the
trading post. There are twenty-eight men, and one woman,
in Adobe Walls. The buffalo hunters there have very
accurate, long-range rifles with telescopic sights. Dixon
is reported to have knocked an Indian off his horse from
1538 yards away with one of these rifles. The adobe walls
provide very good cover for them. Slightly more than a
dozen Indians are killed in the fight, and Isatai is
humiliated. The Indians give up the fight as hopeless,
and they leave. Some sources report this fight happening
on June 27, 1874 and lasting until July 1st.

June 27, 1542: Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo leaves Mexico to
go up the Pacific coast in exploration. Cabrillo is the
first European to land in San Diego Bay, California. He
goes as far north as the Rogue River, in California.

June 28, 1878: Tambiago, the killer of Alex Rhoden on
November 23, 1877, which led to the Bannock War, is hanged
at the Idaho Territorial prison.

June 29, 1906: The Anazasi ruins at Mesa Verde are declared
a National Park

June 30, 1520: According to some sources, Montezuma dies.
Some say he is killed by other Aztecs. Others say he is
stabbed to death by Spaniards under Hernan Cortes.


That's it for now.

Have a great month.

Phil Konstantin

End of Phil Konstantin's June 2006 Newsletter 

Monthly Newsletter

Put your e-mail address in the box below and click the button to receive my monthly e-mail newsletter. The newsletter features historical information, a "Link of the Month" and other related material.
 Join American Indian! 

Go To Newsletter Page

Go To Main Page

Go To Tribal Names Page

Go to Indian Moons & Calendar Stuff

Go to Awards & "Web Rings"

Click on the drop down menu:

Click on the image below to go to......

My website's home page My Website's Home Page My main links page with connections to thousands of other websites Links: (8,700 and counting) my page with tribal name meanings & alternate tribal names Tribal Names
Indian tribal moon names & other calendar information Indian Moons My personal photos Personal Photos My biography My Biography
What happened to a sleepy driver Sleepy Driver My website about NASA & the Space Program The Space Program photos & info of my trip to some ancient ruins in Mexico & Guatemala Ancient Ruins in Central America
photos & info on my trip to some ancient Maya ruins in 2000 Maya Ruins in Mexico My late wife Robyn's page about whales & whale watching Whales Awards this site has received & WebRings to which this site belongs Awards & Webrings
photos & descriptions of the 2001 Cherokee National Holiday in Tahlequah, Oklahoma Cherokee Holiday 2001 a page with basic info for the Cherokee Nation (Oklahoma) Cherokee Enrollment an archive of my past monthly newsletters My Newsletters
places where you can shop to support this site My Store a page about the California Highway Patrol California Highway Patrol locations of 'Indian Era' forts Indian Era Forts
copies of articles I have written Articles I Wrote photos of northwestern USA historical sites & reservations Northwestern USA Indian Country photos of the opening of the National Museum Of The American Indian in Washington, D.C. ( 2004) American Indian Museum in D.C. 2004
reviews of Movies, Books and other things... Movie & Book Reviews photos an info about the guests and happenings at KUSI TV in San Diego KUSI TV, my other job photos of Mesa Verde and Utah in 2006 Mesa Verde and Utah in 2006
My mortgage loan compnay My Mortgage Loan Company photos of the 2006 SDSU powwow 2006 SDSU Powwow  

Sign My Guestbook

View My Guestbook