May 2013 Newsletter from
"This Day in North American Indian History"
by Phil Konstantin
Copyright © © Phil Konstantin (1996-2013)

Click Here To Return To The Previous Website

Phil Konstantin's May 2013 Newsletter


A lot has happened since my last newsletter. My mother passed away on March 30th. I attended a community training program sponsored by the Cherokee Nation. I engaged in some challenging online conversations with some Cherokee folks in Oklahoma. And, I settled into a new job.


My mother, Lila Beatrice Adair Konstantin, passed away early on March 30th in Pasadena, Texas, at 80 years of age. I had seen her the previous month. She was doing "poorly" as they would say in Texas. She had late-stage cancer and suddenly got sicker. I talked with her by phone a few days before she passed. I listened in by phone when the doctor gave my family his prognosis, which was she might live another two days. At this point, she was mostly in a coma. I flew out to Texas that day. Mom passed about thirty minutes before When my father and I arrived at the hospital.

Mom had been sick for quite some time. We knew she was not doing well. But as in all cases such as this, you never really know how bad it is or when the end will come. Mom was a good person. She had a great sense of humor. She always tried to help other. She could be stubborn at times, but she would listen to other people's points of view. She grew up in eastern Oklahoma. She was the fifth of five. Her father died, or disappeared, when she was seven years old. Mom joked that after her father was out of the picture, they often moved whenever the rent came due. My Cherokee ancestry comes from my mother.

The experience of planning and having a funeral was sad, and yet it had some positive sides, too. Seeing, or hearing, from so many of her friends was good. The kind words came in from all over the community. I got to see many relatives I had not seen in decades. People who did not get along, were courteous to each other. It seems too little to explain my feelings, but I will miss her love, good cheer, guidance and presence. While there, my daughter and I remembered the anniversary of my wife Robyn's death several years ago. This was all a bit of an emotional roller coaster.


I returned to San Diego on Sunday, April 7th. On April 11th, I headed out to Tulsa to participate in a Cherokee Nation Leadership Training Conference. The Conference was help at the very nice, Cherokee-owned, Hard Rock Hotel and Casino in Catoosa, Oklahoma, just outside Tulsa. It was a two day meeting which offered over 30, one-hour classes designed to help improve the operations of Cherokee community groups. There were a wide variety of classes ranging from how to maintain control of a meeting, to IRS tips for charities, to cultural demonstrations or discussions. Several classes were taught at the same time, so participants picked which class interested them the most. Cherokees who live outside the 14 counties in Oklahoma which used to make up our reservation are often called "At-Large" citizens. The 14 counties in eastern Oklahoma is where the Cherokee Nation exercises it sovereign rights similar to how other tribes operate on reservations. The gathering was a good chance for people from all over the country to get to learn new things, exchange ideas, and make new friends. It was a very good experience. The people who put it together did an excellent job, especially when you consider there were several hundred people in attendance. For several years, the Cherokee Nation has had an official "Satellite Community" program. The Nation helped to organize Cherokees living in several parts of the country. As I recall, there are somewhere between 22 and 25 officially recognized groups outside of the 14 counties. The Nation will occasionally sent out speakers to these groups to help maintain the bonds between the Nation and its far-flung citizens.


Here is a story to introduce the next section. In 2004, I went to Washington, D.C. to be there for the opening of the Smithsonian's National Museum of the American Indian. One of the events I went to was a performance by stand-up comic Charlie Hill. Charlie is Oneida-Mohawk-Cree, according to Wikipedia. You can look him up on YouTube to see some of his routines, or go here: . Charlie walked on stage at the beginning of his performance to applause from the audience. After introducing himself and thanking everyone, he told the audience he was going to leave and come back out. When he came out again, he wanted everyone to boo him. The audience was confused. So, Charlie said it again, "When I come back out, please boo me." Charlie left, came back in again, and the audience booed loudly. Charlie said: "Thanks, I always wanted to know what it felt like to be a Tribal Chairman." Charlie's joke really hit home for me a few days after getting home from the Conference in Oklahoma.

First, and foremost, let me say I an not a traditional Cherokee. I only know a few words in the the language or the syllabary. I did not grow up in the 14 counties, or around Cherokee customs or traditions. I have tried to learn about such things, but I am not a practitioner. So, yes, there are going to be lots of things I will not have experienced firsthand in traditional Cherokee customs or day to day life in Cherokee territory in Oklahoma. I have always said this, and I have never intentionally presented myself as a traditional Cherokee. I have a great deal of respect for those people who are traditionalists.

All that being said, I am a citizen of the Cherokee Nation. About half, or more, of all the 320,000 Cherokee citizens do not live within the 14 counties of Oklahoma. This would be unusual, especially for most tribes who still have a reservation. Historically, as have other nations, the Cherokee have been moved or moved themselves many times. Our original lands (not counting were we came from if you do not believe we were created by the Supreme Being in the southern Appalachians) covered parts or all of Georgia, Alabama, South Carolina, North Carolina, Tennessee, Kentucky Virginia and West Virginia. All of you who get this newsletter are aware of the "Trail of Tears" where the Cherokees were force to move to what is now Oklahoma. Many Cherokees went west before the Trail of Tears and settled in Oklahoma and Arkansas. Some Cherokee stayed behind and eventually founded the Eastern Band. Once in Oklahoma, some Cherokees left and went to Mexico and what is now Texas. During the gold rush, many Cherokees went west to seek their fortune. While many returned, some did not. Some Cherokees fled the area to avoid the Civil War, which wreaked havoc in Indian Territory. During the dust bowl/depression era, many Cherokee went to the west coast to find ways to support themselves and their families. Even in the 1960s, some Cherokee moved to urban areas as part of a federal program. Former Chief Wilma Mankiller's family is an example of this. Some of these folks returned to Oklahoma, others did not. One thing is certain, many of the Cherokees who left the reservation, or Oklahoma after there was no longer a reservation, still maintained their identity as a Cherokee. This happened whether they still practiced the traditional ways, or took up other ways and customs.

So who are the "real" Cherokees, the traditionals, or the urbans, or the ones who maintain solid connections to the old country, or those who are citizens but no longer keep the old customs? You have to look at several factors to decide this. How many Cherokees in the 14 counties are still fluent in Cherokee? How many still practice or use traditional Cherokee healing? How many can read or write the Cherokee language? How many even remember the old stories and the old ways? Good questions all. Are you a "real" Cherokee if you are just a citizen, but are not traditional? Are you a "real" Cherokee if you know the language, know the customs, but are not an official citizen (for a variety of reasons). Are you a "real" Cherokee if you had a vision, and your spirit guide told you your Cherokee name is Princess Moonbeam. In case you do not know, to be a citizen, you have to PROVE you are related by blood to someone on the early 1900 Dawes Rolls. Arguments could be made for any aspect of this things I mentioned. Granted, I'm not much of a supporter of "new age wannabes" who just want to be Cherokee (or any tribe) because it is cool, or you had a vision. I'm not saying such things don't happen. Who am I to decide what the Creator wants. In any case, I make a distinction between being a "real" Cherokee, and being a traditional Cherokee. Personally, I believe if your ancestors were Cherokees, you are Cherokee, even if you are not a traditionalist. This makes you just as "real" as the next Cherokee. It does not make you a Traditional Cherokee, though. I see a real difference between the two.

As with many other tribes, and all of the world for that fact, there are often opposing groups vying for control. For some folks, these political or social matters can be debated, and talked about civilly. For others, they know their side is right, and the other side is just WRONG! And anyone who is not on their side is not to be trusted, believed, or in some cases, even tolerated. You are either with us, or against us. Many times, I have heard variations of the phrase, "if you aint like me, you aint nothing" (usually "nothing" is replaced with a more vulgar word, which I will not use here).

The Cherokee Nation has been going through one of these "us vs them" political conflicts for some time now. Tribal leadership has switched back and forth over the years. While many can see it as differences of opinion as to how things should be done, some see it as the good guys vs the evil beasts. For some who see themselves as one of the good guys, it really doesn't matter why someone supports the other side. The only thing that matters is that they are evil beasts.

For some people, there was a definite struggle going on under the surface at the Conference I attended. According to some, competing groups were trying to align support among the uncommitted people who attended the meeting. Some of these groups were allegedly using proxies to help stir things up, so the main actors could claim innocence. I'm sure that does happen in politics. However, some people believe if you go to a meeting, you support whomever called the meeting, unless you denounce the speaker. For the "us vs them" people, it is hard to believe people might attend a meeting because they are curious about the subject matter, or just because they were invited. And if you agree with anything that is said during a meeting, then you are the mindless stooge of the evil beast leader.

In my case, I am aware of some of the very major players in the political struggles within the Cherokee Nation. Beyond the major figures, I did not know who supported whom. A meeting was organized for the At-Large folks at the conference by someone who to my knowledge was not a major figure in the conflicts. The meeting was unofficial and was just for At-Large people to raise questions about how things were going between the Nation and the operation of the satellite communities. Unbeknownst to me, some people feel the establishment of the satellite communities was the blatant effort of the former chief to build up an army to back his political goals, at the Nation's expense. Yeah, that could possibly be true. It could also be just as false. I have never seen the forceful pushing of a policy down the groups' throats, but the purpose could possibly be true. I don't read minds, so I do not know what was in the minds of the people who established this project. The satellite communities are autonomous groups who have to have a certain number of Cherokee citizens in then, and they are to be run by citizens. The Nation occasionally sends out folks to meet with the groups and bring them cultural experts. This should help the local keep in touch with their roots. The Principal Chief and other folks from the Nation's administration also come out for an annual potluck. The folks from Oklahoma could help answer questions the locals had about tribal matters.

As many of you know, I do jabber on and on. I tend to try to talk things out, rather than shut-up and stew about things. I talked a lot (A LOT) at the At-Large meeting, which again was unofficial. We were told we could talk about anything we wanted to. It seemed like some matters were not understood by some people. I offered explanations in hopes those who did not seem to understand would be better informed. A few At-Large folks were concerned about how relations with the Nation have not been as good as they were in the past. This was not intended as an insult, it was questions as to what we should be doing, or whom we should be contacting. This was talked about quite a bit. Some people who are ardent supporters of the present administration, seem to have taken these questions as personal affronts, or as the mechanizations of those who supported the previous administration. Some of their comments on a Facebook page were quite insulting. I was characterized as a puppet for the anti-administration folks. My remarks were "obviously prepared for me". Nothing could be further from the truth. No one had asked me to say anything. If the floor is open, and I have something to say, I'll say it. If I agree with someone, I'll say so. The same applies if I disagree.

This was my first experience in a long time with the close-minded folks who exist out there. I saw a little of it as a Highway Patrol officer: "all cops are crooked", etc. I also saw it in Texas between the right and left wingers, and African-Americans and the Klan during the 60s and 70s. I had forgotten how vicious and illogical some people can be. Don't get me wrong. There are LOTS of Cherokees (probably most of us) who can honestly disagree about issues and politics. They may not like an official, a candidate, or their supporters, but they conduct themselves civilly and politely. Granted, if each side thinks the other side is populated by crooks who are only there for their personal gain at the expense of the tribe, I can understand the tension that is created. However, this polarization rarely benefits anyone. As Rodney King once said, "why can't we all just get along?"

Lastly, I will add that some of the issues the close-minded folks brought up were interesting. Asking for an explanation could be bad for your well-being, though. To paraphrase what one person said about me, "He is a rapid dog and needs to be put down."




14th Annual Native American Music Awards Winners Ballot
Vote Here - Vote Now!


Treat of the Month:


May 26, 1837. | 7 Stat., 533. | Proclamation, Feb. 21, 1838.

The treaty covers such issues as Peace, Friendship, Forgiveness, Hunting Grounds, Relations with Mexico, and more



Interesting Website:

Red Essay by Brandon Caruso

I met Brandon at the Cherokee Leadership event I described above. I have mentioned his website before, but I wanted to mention it again.


Native American Medicine Ways Conference

Saturday, May 11, 2013

9am - 7pm

UC Riverside, Highlander Union Building 302

The Medicine Ways Conference was founded on the premise that Native Traditions can bring the community together to heal and move proudly together into the future.  The Medicine Ways Conference brings together contemporary traditional leaders from across the United States to speak about how Native Medicine and Ways of Life can aid us all in our daily lives.

For 31 years the Native American Student Association and Native American Student Programs of the University of California, Riverside has hosted the Medicine Ways Conference and has invited people from near and far to partake in this unique event.

This prominent event will be held on Saturday May 11th from 9am - 7pm at the Highlander Union Building RM 302 of the University of California, Riverside;  900 University Avenue, Riverside CA, 92521.

Admission is free & open to the public! Parking is $5, and Continental Breakfast, Lunch, and Dinner will be provided. For more details, please  e-mail or call 951.827.3850


United Osages of Southern California May 18 meeting

This is to announce our meeting for May 18, 2013, 1PM-5PM. At Carlsbad by the Sea Resort 850 Palomar Airport Road, Carlsbad, Ca 92011.  This will be a cultural meeting and the activities will be cultural handicrafts. Members of the Osage cultural department will be present to conduct the activities. They are currently planning which crafts and who will be able to come out this close to the dances.
The Tax Commission has also been invited to attend and concurrent with cultural activities, will issue photo ID's to area Osages. Regular qualifications apply, birth cert, enrollment # etc. the next email should contain specific requirements.
We will be meeting at the Carlsbad By The Sea Resort upstairs in the Grand Ballroom.
noon-1pm set up sign in
1:00 official start
1:10-5:00 pm cultural activities, concurrent ID issue
5:00 adjourn
We will not be serving lunch. Snacks, coffee, water, cookies will be on hand.
The raffle continues to be our primary fundraiser. After consulting a number of members the following changes apply.
Each person who brings a raffle gift will receive 10 raffle tickets for that gift.
Raffle gifts will have a corresponding cup into which you will place your tickets to draw for that gift.
Each and every person (except the departments from Okla) will pay a $10.00 entry fee.
On a personal note. Charlene's' and my health has not been the best for the last year. I have had some minor surgeries and I am due for some more. I am not yet scheduled for surgery but the meeting will go on as planned whether we are there or not. There are wonderfully qualified people willing to fill in for us as necessary.
RSVP or 760 500 2266
Bill Myers
1729 South Horne Street
Oceanside, Ca. 92054


Osage members asked to take Survey on clan membership from May 1 to July 31


OPEN CALL for Native Voices 2013 Playwrights Retreat and Festival of New Plays
Native Voices at the Autry is holding an Open Call for actors for our 2013 Playwrights Retreat and Festival of New Plays: Native Voices' highly respected Playwrights Retreat and Festival of New Plays, provides the opportunity during a week-long retreat at the Autry in Griffith Park for beginning, emerging and established Native American playwrights to work closely in shaping their plays with nationally recognized directors, dramaturgs and an acting company comprised of exceptional actors, concluding with public readings in Los Angeles and San Diego. Many works developed during this project have gone on to enjoy successful runs on Native Voices' Autry main stage and elsewhere.
Retreat/Workshops: Thursday, May 23 – Friday, May 31 at the Autry
Staged Public Readings:
Autry National Center, Los Angeles: Wednesday, May 29, 7:30 p.m. - The Healer’s Remains by Lori Favela Thursday, May 30, 7:30 p.m. - Stand-Off at HWY #37 by Vickie Ramirez Friday, May 31, 7:30 p.m. - Where Have All the Warriors Gone? by Darrell Dennis
La Jolla Playhouse, San Diego: Saturday, June 1, 2:00 p.m. - The Healer’s Remains by Lori Favela Saturday, June 1, 7:00 p.m. - Stand-Off at HWY #37 by Vickie Ramirez Sunday, June 2, 2:00 p.m. - Where Have All the Warriors Gone? by Darrell Dennis
$500 flat rate
Auditions will be held Sunday May 5th @ 1 p.m. – 5 p.m. at the Autry National Center, 4700 Western Heritage Way Los Angeles, CA 90027, in Griffith Park.
Please prepare a 2-3 minute monologue for your audition and bring a headshot & resume.
If you do not have a monologue and would like material to read for your audition please email your headshot and resume (or a snap shot and your acting experience) to and we will send you material to prepare for your audition.
State the role(s) you wish to audition for (see Breakdown on next page).
(323) 667-2000 x299

The Healer’s Remains by Lori Favela Summary: When she starts working in a reservation nursing home, the daughter of a formerly prominent healer stirs up old resentments and speculations in her community about her father’s mysterious death.
SHELL: Native, young woman, early 20s. Emotional, a troubled past, but has a spark. An outsider, isolated. New employee at nursing home on the reservation.
EL COYOTE: Native, male elder. Nursing home resident. Has a sense of humor. Decidedly non-spiritual/superstitious. Hasn’t lived on the reservation in years. Kind to SHELL.
SARAH: Native, female elder. Nursing home resident. Has lived on the reservation for a long time. Sweet, has a positive outlook.
EMMA: Native, female elder. Nursing home resident. Suspicious, untrusting. Embittered by the past.
LINDA: Native, female, middle-aged. Nursing home administrator. Kind and supportive to SHELL and the residents.
Where Have all the Warriors Gone? by Darrell Dennis Summary: A young woman is murdered, leaving the four men who loved her most grappling with the cultural pressures that have shaped their lives and questioning their own roles in the circumstances that surrounded her death.
*Note: each character plays their childhood/younger selves, as well as a handful of other supporting characters through physical stylization, etc.
ZACH: Native, male, young. Lawyer who “got away” from the reservation. Successful. Former friend of SONNY, LEONARD, CHARITY. Once in love with CHARITY.
SONNY: Native, male, young. Friend of ZACH, LEONARD, CHARITY. In love with CHARITY. Radical activist, anti-assimilation. Accused of CHARITY’s murder, claims “North America” made him do it.
LEONARD: Native, male, young. Brother of CHARITY. Disillusioned, apolitical. “Pseudo-goth” fashion sense.
PETER: Native, male, elder. Single father of LEONARD and CHARITY. Spiritual, medicine-seller, somewhat misguided. Also anti-assimilation. Formerly an alcoholic and abusive parent.
CHARITY: Native, female, young. Activist, strong, passionate, intelligent.
Stand-Off at HWY#37 by Vickie Ramirez Summary: When protestors and law enforcement clash over plans to build a highway through a reservation in upstate New York, a Tuscarora man abandons his U.S. military uniform to join the protestors and defend his beliefs.
THOMAS: Native, male, young, 28 yrs. Confident, a dedicated soldier. Seems unwavering, but wrestles with his loyalties and his morality.
LINDA BALDWIN (Also REPORTER): African-American, female, young. 24 yrs. Ambitious, “small but scrappy” soldier. Jealous of THOMAS, vying for SERGEANT’s attention.
SERGEANT HEWITT: Caucasian, middle-aged. 34 yrs. A military man. Strict. Demanding. Could care less about the protestors. Favors THOMAS until he breaks rank.
DARRIN: Native, male, young, 34 yrs. Protestor. Vagrant, gets by on good looks and charm.
SANDRA HENHAWK: Native, female, young, 35 yrs. Also a protestor. Claims Mohawk heritage but gets flack because she’s lived in a city her whole life. Officious.
AUNT BEV: Native, female, elder. “Friendly Grandma/Auntie type. Slightly glam. Always has snacks.” Seems harmless but has a history as a protestor.


Interesting articles and news:

George P. Horse Capture dies at 75; Native American curator. From Phil: I shared a stage with George Horse Capture at an event in Montana in 2003. He was an impressive man.,0,3525266.story

Wounded Knee Historic Site Now for Sale on the Open Market

A Conversation With Wounded Knee Owner James Czywczynski

Chief Joseph Brings Plenty: Save Wounded Knee

Oglala President Brewer on Wounded Knee - We Should Not Have to Pay for What Belonged to Us

Tackling poverty on North Dakota reservations

The University of Montana announces Cobell Institute

Tribal programs recognized for sustainable construction design

National Aboriginal Achievement Foundation Renamed Indspire; Leader Receives Diamond Jubilee Award

Residential school survivors host reunion in British Columbia

More Evidence Of Tequesta Civilization Unearthed Near Miami River

Chippewa Cree chairman arrested trying to enter office

White buffalo cow, calf get new home on the range

North Dakota Visitor Center Honoring Sitting Bull Set to Open

First Nation declares state of emergency over rash of suicides

Robot Finds Mysterious Spheres in Ancient Temple

Tribal chairman to OK same-sex marriage, wed 2 men

Government watchdog questions tribe’s recognition Interviews 'Inuit Chief' Who Supports Use of Redskins Name

AP Poll: Four in Five Americans Wouldn't Change Redskins Name

What’s in a name?: Calls continue for teams to change American Indian mascot names

Protest divides Dartmouth's Native students

Vatican uncovers 'first Western painting of Native Americans'

The Hidden Housing Crisis in Indian Country

Colorado fund to administer Indian scholarships

Feds to uphold Calif. tribal recognition decision

Two Indian Country Police Officers Remembered at Memorial Service

Diné be' liná, Inc. Weavers Receives National Endowment for the Arts Grant

Ancient America: Oklahoma

Ancient Maya civilization's roots deepen

Johnny Depp adopted into the Comanche tribe

Eastern Band Cherokees plan to create their own DSS agency

Bringing the Plight of Reservation Homes to the Nation’s Capital

Online Ojibwe Dictionary Launched by University of Minnesota

Cultural Controversy in Orleans

The health benefits of tribal casinos ... Seriously

Lawmakers kill water compact, tribes looking at legal action

Suzy Chaffee: ‘Snow Gratitude’ Ceremonies Key to Reenergizing Mother Earth

Public Welcome at Sunday's Memorial Service for Maria Tallchief Paschen

Native Couture: Patricia Michaels

Covering an open meeting on the Navajo reservation isn't easy

Some SC tribal members fighting for right to use eagle feathers

Native Americans on Pro-Gun Billboards Create Controversy

"Why You Can't Teach US History without American Indians" Symposium Attracts Scholars

American Indian Youth and Budget Cuts

Keeping an open mind on myths and truths of Native American people

Panel: Offensive names on reservation should go

Quinault Nation: Applauding the President’s Drug Control Policy

Politics and Moral Justice within the Indigenous Struggle

Hoopa’s Tribal Court a Model for Other Tribe’s in the Region

Puberty is bad enough, tribe asks for privacy from hecklers during ceremonies

Okla., Nebraska tribes meet for 1st time in 50 years

Inuit and Canadian Officials Lash Out at European Union's Seal Products Ban

Blocking the Keystone XL : the Battle of our Time -Dr. Sara Jumping Eagle


Mexican archaeologists investigate a group of petroglyphs found in northern Veracruz

Will South Dakota School District Allow Native Honor Song at Graduation?

Miss Indian World crowned at GON powwow

Watson overcomes shyness in pageant - Kansas Begaye crowned Miss Indian World at GON

North Dakota’s Voter ID Bill Threatens to Silence Native Votes Just Eight Days After Republican Congressman Cramer Publicly Bashes Tribes and Threatens Native Leaders, By Ruth Hopkins

Navajo 'Star Wars' Casting Starts Tomorrow

Medicine Tree’s historic past honored by travelers

The Canon and the Mule

Cherokee Attorney Earns National Crime Victims' Service Award

Dr. Sarah Jumping Eagle: Keystone XL is the battle of our time

Cherokee AG says mail houses can have citizenship info

Land grab cheats North Dakota tribes out of $1 billion, suits allege

FBI Raids Shinnecock Gaming Authority in Ongoing Probe

Bureau of Indian Education still without a director after a year

Local poachers trade eagle parts nationwide

Wounded Knee Fortieth Anniversary Honored

Artifacts Shed Light on Social Networks of the Past

Oldest Temple in Mexican Valley Hints at Possible Human Sacrifice

9th Circuit Allows Hopi Case Against Arizona Snowbowl to be Heard

CDC finds 65 percent increase in Native American suicide rate

“I’m Not Your Indian Any More” 40 + Years of History

Chickasaw Nation Governor Bill Anoatubby Inducted into Historians Hall of Fame

Tohono O'odham: Pipeline would harm cultural sites

Cherokee Student Wins State Google Contest, in Running for $30,000 Scholarship

Logging damages Maidu village but tribes weren't told of work

Keeping Indian children safe an ongoing challenge

Traditional Cultural Tourism Growing in Alaska

Tseh-Wai-Tseh-Wah-Ii Yo’n-Ka Pin and Osage Cooks

Sky Train excavation at Sky Harbor Airport uncovers ancient canal

Descendant Discusses Chief Pontiac’s Lasting Legacy

Zia Pueblo offers prayers amidst worsening drought conditions

New Jersey's new Internet gambling law worries Native American tribes

Crow Creek Sioux Member Wendi Cole Named New Century Scholar

Qualla Boundary athletes compete at Special Olympics



Absentee Shawnee Tribe Newsletter - Feb 2013 (pdf)

Cheyenne and Arapaho Tribal Tribune Newsletter (PDF),_2013.pdf

Chickasaw Tines Online Newspaper

Keweenaw Bay Newsletter May 2013 (pdf)

Keweenaw Bay Newsletter April 2013 (pdf)

Saginaw Chippewa Tribal Observer May 2013 (pdf)

Saginaw Chippewa Tribal Observer April 2013 (pdf)

Seminole Nation Of Oklahoma Newsletter - April 2013

Seminole Tribune - April 2013 (PDF)

Cherokee Phoenix



Muscogee (Creek) Nation State of the Nation Address

Supreme Court Arguments: Adoptive Couple v. Baby Girl

Voice auditions held for Star Wars Navajo dub

California Trail Center Native American Exhibit

Native American history preserved at Oakville Indian Mounds

Native American Tribe Unable to Afford Wounded Knee Land

Code Talker's legacy resonates with strangers

Maria Tallchief passes away

Small victory for Santa Ynez Band of Chumash Indians

Archaeological team digs at St. Augustine's Fountain of Youth

Little Brother of War: Choctaw Stickball - The Oldest Field Sport in America


Here are some random historical events for May:

May 1, 1637: After numerous incidents, and incursions on both sides,
English settlers in Connecticut declare war on the Pequot Indians. Most
of the fighting take places in Connecticut and Massachusetts.

May 2, 1670: King Charles of England gives all trade rights to "all the
Landes Countreyes and Territoryes upon the Coastes and Confynes of the
Seas" lying within the Hudson Strait to the Hudson’s Bay Company. This
monopoly remains in effect until 1859.

May 3, 490: Maya Lord Kan - Xul I (King K'an Joy Chitam I) is born,
according to some sources. Eventually, he rules over Palenque, Mexico.

May 4, 1805: The Pascagoula, and the Biloxi, Indians sell their lands
along the Gulf Coast to "Miller and Fulton." Miller and Fulton are
among the first settlers in the Rapides Parish area. The documents,
signed by six Indians, are confirmed. The Pascagoulas move to the Red
River area.

May 5, 1800: William Augusta Bowles is an adventurer in the
southeastern part of the United States. With Creek and Cherokee
supporters, he proclaims a new nation, Muscogee, out of lands claimed
by Spain along the Gulf coast, with himself as "Director-General".
Bowles declares war on Spain, and begins a campaign against their
outposts in his "nation." Some sources list this as happening on April
5, 1800.

May 6, 1626: The Purchase of Manhattan takes place. The Shinnecock or
Canarsee Indians, according to which source you believe, sell it to
Peter Minuit.

May 7, 1877: Colonel Nelson Miles, and his force of four Cavalry
Troops, and six Infantry Companies, finds Lame Deer, and his followers
on the Muddy Creek, near the Rosebud. Nelson surprises the village with
a charge. Lame Dear, and Iron Star, parley with Miles about a peaceful
settlement, but after they return, fight erupts, again. The battle
continues, and proceeds toward the Rosebud River. Lame Deer, Iron Star,
and twelve other Indians are killed. Four soldiers are killed. Lt.
Alfred M. Fuller, and six soldiers are wounded. Almost 450 mounts are
seized. The camp supplies, and many lodges are also captured. Corporal
Harry Garland and Private William Leonard, Company L, and Private
Samuel Phillips, Company H, Second Cavalry, will win the Congressional
Medal of Honor for "gallantry in action" as a part of today's battle.
Company L First Sergeant Henry Wilkens, and Farrier William H. Jones,
will also be awarded the Medal of Honor for their gallantry in today's
battle, and for actions against the Nez Perce on August 20, 1877.

May 8, 1725: In one of the last battles of Lovewell’s or Father Rasle’s
War, Pigwacket Indians defeat a British army under Captain John
Lovewell at Fryeburg, Maine.

May 9, 1885: Today through the 12th, events in the Second Riel
Rebellion take place in Canada. Major General Frederick Middleton and a
force of 800 soldiers attack the Metis and Cree holding the village of
Batoche. The fighting continues through the 12th until the soldiers
finally overrun Batoche.

May 10, 1869: One of the most devastating events in the lives of the
plains Indians is the crossing of their lands by the railroads. The
railroads bring settlers, hunters, and separate the buffalo herds.The
"iron horses" of the Central Pacific and the Union Pacific meet at
Promontory Point, Utah, completing the first cross continental railroad
in the United States.

May 11, 1968: The Constitution of the Indians of the Tulalip Tribes in
Washington is modified.

May 12, 1860: A battle in the Paiute War takes place in Nevada at Big
Bend in the valley of the Truckee River. Major William Ormsby’s Nevada
militia are attacked by Paiutes under war Chief Numaga.

May 13, 1614: The Viceroy of Mexico finds Spanish Explorer Juan de
Oñate guilty of atrocities against the Indians of New Mexico. As a part
of his punishment, he is banned from entering New Mexico again.

May 14, 1832: Near the Kyte River, Major Isaiah Stillman, and 275
soldiers are patrolling the area, on the lookout for Black Hawk. Weary
of fighting, Black Hawk sends a few representatives to Stillman's camp
to negotiate the surrender of his four dozen warriors. When the
soldiers fire on Black Hawk's representatives, a few manage to escape.
With the soldiers in pursuit, Black Hawk sets up an ambush. Becoming
confused by the sudden attack, Stillman's troop panick and flee the
area. Eleven soldiers, and three Indians are killed in the fighting.
However, the soldiers report a massacre of troops. The "battle" is
called "Stillman's Run."

May 15, 1846: A treaty is signed by Texas Governor Pierce Butler, and
Colonel M.G. Lewis (Meriwether Lewis' brother), and sixty-three Indians
of the Aionai, Anadarko, Caddo, Comanche, Kichai (Keehy), Lepan
(Apache), Longwha, Tahuacarro (Tahwacarro), Tonkawa, Waco, Wichita and
tribes. It is ratified on February 15, 1847, and signed by President
Polk on March 8, 1847.

May 16, 1760: Creek warrior Chief Hobbythacco (Handsome Fellow) has
often supported the English, but, at the outbreak of the Cherokee war,
he decides to support the Cherokees. He leads an attack on a group of
English traders in Georgia. Thirteen of the traders are killed during
the fighting. Creek Chief "The Mortar" also participates in the

May 17, 1629: According to a deed, Sagamore Indians, including
Passaconaway, sell a piece of land in what becomes Middlesex County,

May 18, 1661: Captain John Odber is order by the Maryland General
Assembly to take fifty men and go to the "Susquesahannough Forte."
According to a treaty signed on May 16th, Maryland is required to help
protect the Susquehannocks from raids by the Seneca. Odber’s force is
to fulfill that part of the treaty.

May 19, 1796: Congress passes "An Act Making Appropriations for
Defraying the Expenses Which May Arise in Carrying into Effect a Treaty
Made Between the United States and Certain Indian Tribes, Northwest of
the River Ohio."

May 20, 698: As part of a series of attacks on neighboring cities in
Guatemala, Maya warriors from Naranjo attack Kinichil Kab'

May 21, 1877: In retaliation for the Custer defeat, the Sioux and Ponca
are ordered to go to a new reservation in Indian Territory (present day
Oklahoma). The Poncas have nothing to do with the war, and they
continue their complaints about the bureaucratic error which places
them on a reservation with the Sioux in the first place. The government
does not bend, and the Ponca begin their march to Indian Territory.

May 22, 1851: As one of the last conflicts in the "Mariposa Indian
Wars" in California, a large group of Yosemite Indians are captured at
Lake Tenaija.

May 23, 1873: The Northwest Mounted Police is founded. One of the main
reasons for its creation is the problems being fomented by Americans
selling alcohol to Canadian Indians. This organization eventually
becomes the Royal Canadian Mounted Police.

May 24, 1539: Mexican Viceroy Don Antonio de Mendoza has decided to
send an expedition to search for wealthy cities north of Mexico. On
March 7, 1539, Friar Marcos de Niza started the expedition from
Culiacan. Accordiong to Niza’s journal, he finally sees Cibola,
although he never sets foot in the pueblo. His report will lead to
future expeditions looking for the "Seven Cities of Gold."

May 25, 1673: At the site of modern Niles, Michigan, the British
erected Fort St. Joseph. Its garrison of sixteen men, led by Ensign
Francis Schlosser, is attacked by a large Potawatomi war party. Only
Schlosser and three other men survive the attack. The British are later
traded for Potawatomi prisoners in Detroit.

May 26, 1540: The "Lady of Cofitachequi" has been taken with the de
Soto expedition, against her will. With a large quantity of the pearls
that de Soto's men took from her village, she escapes.

May 27, 1763: Fort Miami is located at the site of modern Fort Wayne,
Indiana. It is garrisoned by twelve British soldiers, led by Ensign
Robert Holmes. Pontiac's rebellion has started, and the Ensign is
convinced to leave the Fort by his Miami Indian girlfriend. Miami
warriors kill the Ensign, and a Sergeant who leaves to Fort to look for
the Ensign. The Miamis demand the surrender of the remaining soldiers.
To drive home their point, they throw the head of Ensign Holmes into
the fort. The soldiers surrender, and all but one are eventually

May 28, 1830: Andrew Jackson, called "Sharp Knife" by the Indians, has
long fought the Indians of the southeast. He believes that the Indians
and white settlers will not be able to peacefully live together. His
solution to this is to renege on all of the previous treaties, which
granted the Indians their lands forever, and to move all Indians west
of the Mississippi River. Jackson makes this proposal to Congress
during his First Congressional speech on December 8, 1829. Congress
makes the proposal into a law on this date.

May 29, 1980: Department of the Interior Field Solicitor Elmer
Nitzschke, states the Mille Lacs Reservation Business Committee has the
right to control the Sandy Lakes Indian Reservation in Minnesota. The
Sandy Lakes Band of Ojibwe, which lives on the reservation, feels they
should have control of the reservation.

May 30, 1851: A treaty is signed by Kko-ya-te and Wo-a-si, in

May 31, 1796: The Treaty of the Seven Tribes of Canada is signed by
three Chiefs at New York City. The tribes give up all claims to lands
in New York, except six square miles in Saint Regis. They are paid 1233
pounds, six shillings, and eight pence now, and 213 pounds, six
shillings, eight pence annually, if five more Chiefs show up and sign
the treaty.


That's it for now. There might be more before the
end of the month.

Have a great month.

Phil Konstantin

End of Phil Konstantin's My 2013 Newsletter


Membership Sign-up For Phil Konstantin's Monthly Newsletter

Below you can subscribe to, or unsubscribe from Phil Konstantin's Monthly Newsletter.
Yes, I want to become a member of the mailing list "Phil Konstantin's Monthly Newsletter" .
Please remove me from mailing list "Phil Konstantin's Monthly Newsletter" .
Enter your e-mail address:

Please confirm your e-mail address:

Go To Newsletter Page

Go To Main Page

Go To Tribal Names Page

Go to Indian Moons & Calendar Stuff

Four of the five books I have worked on. I either wrote, co-wrote, or contributed to each of these beeks

This is the cover to my first book. 
Click here to got more info, or to order a copy. Click on the cover to order a copy or to get more info.
This Day in North American Indian History
This Day in North American Indian History is a one-of-a-kind, vastly entertaining and informative book covering over 5000 years of North American Indian history, culture, and lore. Wide-ranging, it covers over 4,000 important events involving the native peoples of North America in a unique day-by-day format.

The thousands of entries in This Day in North American Indian History weave a compelling and comprehensive mosaic of North American Indian history spanning more than five millennia-every entry an exciting opening into the fascinating but little- known history of American Indians.

Over 100 photographs and illustrations - This book has 480 pages, weighs 2.2 pounds and is 8" by 9.5" in size. The Dates, Names and "Moons" section of these pages are based on the book.

This is the cover to my 4th book. 
Click here to got more info, or to order a copy or to get more info.
This is the cover to my 4th book. Click here to got more info, or to order a copy or to get more info."

Native American History For Dummies

I wrote six of the twenty-four chapters in this book. I am credited with being the technical editor. Book Description:
Native American History For Dummies introduces readers to the thousand-year-plus history of the first inhabitants of North America and explains their influence on the European settlement of the continent. Covering the history and customs of the scores of tribes that once populated the land, this friendly guide features vivid studies of the lives of such icons as Pocahontas, Sitting Bull, and Sacagawea; discusses warfare and famous battles, offering new perspectives from both battle lines; and includes new archaeological and forensic evidence, as well as oral histories that show events from the perspective of these indigenous peoples. The authors worked in concert with Native American authorities, institutions, and historical experts to provide a wide range of insight and information.
This is the cover to my 3rd book. 
Click here to got more info, or to order a copy or to get more info.
This is the cover to my 3rd book. Click here to got more info, or to order a copy or to get more info
Treaties With American Indians I wrote an article and several appendix items for this book.
Clips from a review on *Starred Review* In the 93 years from 1778 until 1871, there were more than 400 treaties negotiated by Indian agents and government officials. Editor Fixico and more than 150 contributors have crafted a three volume comprehensive tool that will soon become essential for anyone interested in the topic. A resource section with lists of ?Alternate Tribal Names and Spellings,? ?Tribal Name Meanings,? (<---- I wrote this part) Treaties by Tribe,? and ?Common Treaty Names? and a bibliography and comprehensive index are repeated in each volume. This impressive set has a place in any academic library that supports a Native American studies or American history curriculum. It is the most comprehensive source of information on Canadian-Indian treaties and U.S.-Indian treaties. Also available as an e-book.

"The Wacky World of Laws"
It was just released in May 2009.
The Wacky World of Laws. Click on the cover to order a copy or to get more info.

The Wacky World of Laws is a compilation of U.S. and International Laws that are out of the ordinary. With the U.S. churning out 500,000 new laws every year and 2 million regulations annually, this book is the ideal go-to book fro everyone who wants a good laugh at the expense of our legal system. Law so often can be boring! Now with The Wacky World of Laws, you can be the hit of any water cooler conversation, and amaze your friends with precious legal nuggets.

I wrote most of this book. It is my fifth book.

(copyright, © Phil Konstantin, 1996-2013)

Return to Previous Website

since September 4, 2005