May 2008 Newsletter from
"This Day in North American Indian History"
by Phil Konstantin
Copyright © Phil Konstantin (1996-2010)

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Start of Phil Konstantin's May 2008 Newsletter
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Greetings,

This newsletter is a bit shorter than normal. I am starting
another writing project. The initial research has been taking
up some of my free time.

I hope things are going well with you. Thank you for the well
wishes I received over my children's medical problems. Heidi
had her stitches removed. She had multiple surgeries to deal
with a hard to treat infection. She is still moving very slowly.

I have decided to go on a serious diet. I have been gaining
weight recently. The extra weight does make the normal aches
and pains of getting older worse.

Because of my TV job, I get to meet quite a few famous people.
One of my subscribers asked me who I have met recently.
So, here goes:
Broadcaster Connie Chung
Pattie Boyd (was married to both George Harrison & Eric Clapton)
Payable On Death (P.O.D. - music group)
Tony winning actor Beth Leavel
Dance group The Jabbawockeez
Actor Dick Van Patten

You can see pictures of our many visitors here:
http://americanindian.net/kusi.html


Remember, if you see any e-mail addresses below, I have had to
add a space or two to get this program to show them at all.
Delete the spaces to get the address.

Phil

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Link Of The Month for May 2008:

Despite the fact that I have posted on my website that I am not
very good at genealogy, I get lots of requests to help people
research their American Indian ancestry. Well, here is a website
which can help you find government documents. Many documents are
actually on fine at one of the government facilities. Check it out.

Native American Records at the National Archives

http://www.archives.gov/research/native-americans/index.html


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The Treaty Of The Month for May is the TREATY WITH THE COMANCHE,
AIONAI, ANADARKO, CADDO, ETC., 1846.

May 15, 1846. Many things are covered in the treaty, one of them
is horse stealing.


http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/com0554.htm


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Interesting websites:

Geoglyphs of the SW Desert
http://ronkilber.tripod.com/geoglyphs/SWAviator.htm

Luxenbourg Indian group:
http://www.myspace.com/indiancamping

Water Balloon Explosion using High Speed Camera
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MBp6yjJyb-k

Interactive Vietnam Veterans Memorial
http://go.footnote.com/thewall

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Articles:
_________


Tim Giago: How Native people feel about mascots
Monday, April 28, 2008
Filed Under: Opinion

On Saturday the NFL held its annual draft. As the images bounced around
my television screen, especially that of the Washington,
D. C. team, my mind conjured a couple of scenarios about mascots.

Scenario #1: Every football fan knows there is no professional
team in Los Angeles. The Raiders returned home to Oakland and
the Rams waltzed across the continent to St. Louis. Well, LA
has just been awarded another pro-football franchise. In the
new war room the executives are seated at a round table
discussing the possibilities.

The new general manager, a balding man in a grey suit, sporting a very
red tie speaks. “We have come up with answers and ideas about everything
from the stadium to the concession stands and so on, and now we must
select a team mascot.” All of the executives rub their hands together in
anticipation.

“I like the idea of the color of a person’s skin as a mascot. But the
Washington team already laid claim to the skin of the Native Americans
so that leaves whiteskins, blackskins, yellowskins and brownskins.
That’s a pretty wide choice, but we must take into account the
marketability of that skin. Now the Redskins can market tomahawks, war
bonnets, painted faces and ponies. That’s a big market. What could you
use to market say whiteskins? Not a damned thing that I can think of. I
mean what makes a whiteskin unique? See what I mean boys,” the GM says.

Every executive in the room scratches his head. “I can see possibilities
with brownskins. Like we could have the fans dress in sombreros and
serapes and bring on a mariachi band to play Mexican music. Yellowskins
would also present some good ideas. I can see fans dressed in silk robes
and sporting those conical hats the Chinese peasants wear and maybe have
our version of Oriental music chiming around the field,” the GM
continues.

“But the most promising of all skin mascots has got to be the
blackskins. Now just think of the many ways we can market and honor the
black people. I can see it now. Our fans will be painted in blackface
and wearing Afro-wigs. They could wear dashiki robes and instead of a
tomahawk, they could be waving spears in the air,” the GM said with a
satisfied grin. “Wouldn’t black people all across America consider this
one of the finest honors that we could bestow upon their race?” Chimed
in the other executives clapping their hands together, “I am so sure
that this would be such an honor to them. We vote in favor of
‘Blackskins’ as our mascot. And just think of the many possibilities the
music presents; war chants, drums, a choir, it gives us chills just
thinking about it. We could make the Redskins look like pikers.”

The GM slammed his gavel down. “Done,” he said. “This could be a huge
market. We can sell spears, Afro-wigs, dashiki robes, black-face
make-up, and fake nose-bones.” End of discussion.

Scenario #2: The late Vernon Bellecourt and Michael Haney are seated at
a campfire in The Happy Hunting Grounds. They are former officers of the
American Indians Against Racism in Sports. “Mike, I think we converted a
few hardheads when you were on the Oprah Show to talk about mascots, but
she never gave us a chance at a follow-up show,” Bellecourt says. “Do
you think Oprah will feel honored by the new ‘Blackskins’ football
team?”

Mike puffs on his cigar and says, “I think we did change a lot of minds,
Vern, but the one thing that always stuck in my craw was those Indians
that prostituted the name of their tribes or even allowed the colleges
using those once honored names to cut them in half, you know like the
‘Noles,” for Seminoles, and never once considered what they were doing
to hurt the majority of the Indian nations that abhorred this kind of
sellout.”

Bellecourt nods his head and says, “In my life nothing bothered and hurt
me more than to see uninformed, a euphemism for stupid, Indians wearing
Redskin ball caps, jackets or sweat shirts. Don’t they know how
ridiculous they look?”

May these two warriors against the use of Indians as mascots rest in
peace. A warrior lady names Charlene Teters will carry on the Eagle
Staff.

I used these two scenarios to show how the majority of Native Americans
feel about their use as mascots for America’s fun and games. I know
there will always be happy campers on the plantation, so to speak, that
do not get it and never will get it.

However, Kimberly Lyman and I have put together a petition we would like
you to look at and sign. We are hoping to get 20,000 signatures. Just go
to: www.thepetitionsite.com/3/american-indians-are-not-mascots and check
out the petition. I have been writing about how Native Americans feel
about this topic since 1982. Come join in our fight. If any African
Americans, Hispanic Americans, Asian Americans or White Americans are
offended by the 2 scenarios I presented, you should know how most Native
Americans every Sunday during the NFL season. UNITY wake up!

Tim Giago, an Oglala Lakota, was born, raised and educated on the Pine
Ridge Reservation in South Dakota. He was a Nieman Fellow at Harvard in
the Class of 1991. He can be reached at: najournalist @ msn.com.

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Notices, etc. These are offered as FYI only.
Unless noted otherwise, I do not necessarily
endorse or confirm the validity or appropriateness
of any of these listings or groups.
__________________________________________________

I DO recommend & endorse this event.
I am helping to organize it. Phil


Did you know that almost 7,000 people in San Diego County,
during the 2000 Census, said they were Cherokee?

Did you know that almost 700 households in San Diego County
have at least one Cherokee Nation citizen?

Did you know that the only person to be both the San Diego
Sheriff and the Chief of Police for San Diego was a Cherokee?

Did you know that the man who started the paper that
eventually became the Union-Tribune was a Cherokee?

And finally, did you know that many Cherokees who live
in San Diego County, and tribal officials from Oklahoma
will be gathering in San Diego on May 18th?

Now you know!

Come join us...

San Diego Cherokee Community Gathering, Potluck Dinner
    DeAnza Cove, Mission Bay Park
    2900 E. Mission Drive
    San Diego
    May 18th
    1pm to 5pm

     
Come meet with Cherokee Principle Chief Chad Smith,
Deputy Chief Joe Grayson, Members of Tribal Council,
the San Diego Council and the Cherokee Nation Youth Choir.
     
Join in activities, art, basket making, cornhusk dolls.
     
This is a potluck picnic, so bring a food item to share
according to your last name:
A-F dessert,
G-L main entrée,
M-R side dish,
S-Z drinks (canned soda, bottled water).
     
You can find maps and more information on our website:

http://www.sandiegocherokeecommunity.com

sandiegocherokeecommunity @ yahoo.com




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Hi Everyone,

I am looking for a Native producer living in the DC area to collaborate
with on projects dealing with Native American and/or environmental
issues. I am forming a team of producers from various backgrounds who
will be seeking funding from numerous sources for documentary type
programming. Right now I am looking at a May 30th deadline for
submitting several proposals and would very much like to produce a
piece on the Carlisle Indian School.

Ideally the candidate would be a good communicator and perhaps have
some skills in the visual or performing arts. The person does not have
to have experience in video or film production... we can teach them that
skill set. This is not a paid position but simply an opportunity for
someone who wants to be part of a group of producers who will be
producing meaningful programming.

Once a production has been funded, participating producers will be
given the opportunity to be hired on a contract basis, to do research,
shoot, edit, produce, design graphics and fill the other production
positions.

Please get the word out. While i am looking for a single person at
this point I will consider adding additional members to the core group
as funding becomes available. Thank you for your time and
consideration.
      
PETER ESTRADA
PRODUCER/DIRECTOR
Video Marketing Group/
What’s Up Productions
pestrada_2000 @ yahoo.com
301-384-1021 (office)
240-997-6046 (mobile)

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NATIONAL CENTER FOR GREAT LAKES NATIVE AMERICAN CULTURE, INC.
PO Box 1063, Portland, IN 47371 www.ncglnac.org
FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE:
For more information contact Kay Neumayr,
NCGLNAC Board of Directors at 765-426-3022
or kay.neumayr @ ncglnac.com
Native Plants Class for Children

April 1, 2008 – Portland, IN. Dani Tippmann of Columbia City, Indiana,
will conduct a class for children (and their parents, grandparents, and
other adults, too) ages 6 and up May 17, 2008 from 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. in
the Community Room of the Jay County Public Library in Portland. Dani, a
member of the Miami Tribe of Oklahoma, has taught classes in the past
for adults about native gardening and plant uses. Dani is a member of
the Advisory Board of National Center for Great Lakes Native American
Culture, Inc. (NCGLNAC) who is the sponsor of this event. Host is the
Jay County Public Library.

Dani was featured in the May-June issue of Native Peoples magazine. She
has been named by the Eiteljorg Museum of American Indians and Western
Art as one of four RARE (Reaching out with Artists in Residence at the
Eiteljorg) artists in residence. She focused on Native plant usage
during her residency.

Native Americans found everything necessary for life in the world around
them. Learn some of the secrets of the Miami as you have fun learning
everyday life skills. Learn the secrets of plants that have the fire of
the sun in them to share; learn which plants are tasty and which are
terrible; learn how to make toys from the plants. Dani Tippmann has
taught children and adults for the past 20 years about Miami culture and
history and the history of our area. She will lead the children through
the history of the Miami by using plants to teach life skills such as
fire making, food preparation and toy making.
The class fee of $10 includes instruction and all materials. Minimum age
of participants is 6. Lunch is on your own or you may bring a sack
lunch. Participants should be pre-registered before May 10.

If you have questions, please contact
Kay Neumayr (NCGLNAC Workshop Chair) at 765-426-3022
or kay.neumayr @ ncglnac.com.

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Southern Indian Health Council, Inc.
4058 Willows Rd. Alpine, CA 91901
*619-445-1188 *619-659-9782

Save the Date!
This is a free event!
Please join us…

It’s a “Spring Gathering” in awareness of Foster Care and Supervised
Visitation Month Resource tables, food, activities for kids, Astro
jump, crafts for the kids, poster contest, free t-shirts to the first
200 people , and more!

Don’t Miss it!

When: Saturday May 31, 2008 Time: 10:00 am- 2:00 pm
Where: Southern Indian Health Council, Inc. 1st level
(see above for address)

This event is to help raise public awareness for the need of Foster
Parents and Supervised Visitation Centers

(For general questions and booth information refer to reverse side. For
transportation please call Jennifer Ceballos ext. 409)

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American Indian 2008 High School, Technical School, and College
Graduates are invited to participate in a Ceremony honoring their
achievement. All participating graduates will be honored with an Eagle
Feather. The Graduate Honoring will be held at American Indian Culture
Days Powwow, Saturday, May 10, 2008, 3:00 pm, Park Blvd. and Presidents
Way, San Diego. Please let us know you're coming by calling 619 281 5964


The event is sponsored by the Indian Human Resource Center, San Diego
Unified School District Indian Education Program, San Diego County Urban
Tribal TANF, San Diego Indian Center and Southern California American
Indian Resource Center and features Drums Hale and Company and Dancing
Cloud Singers; Tracy Lee Nelson; Wildcat Singers; Toltecas en Aztlan;
Pollen Trail Dancers; dozens of arts and crafts booths and frybread.

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The American Indian Chamber of Commerce of California is proud to
announce the American Indian High School Student June Scholarship.

Please visit the attached link to the scholarship application, due May
23, 2008. The scholarship will be awarded at the Chamber’s June
Luncheon at the Southwest Museum June 12, 2008.

Thank you,

Allison Hicks
Statewide Administrator
American Indian Chamber of Commerce of California
555 West Fifth Street, 31st Floor
Los Angeles, CA   90013
Tel: (213) 440-3232
Email: stateadmin @ aicccal.org

http://www.aicccal.org/images/2007scholarshipapp.pdf

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ATTENTION:
PLEASE LOOK AT THE ATTACHED PHOTO OF A LADIES BUCK SKIN REGALIA.

The picture is posted here:
http://americanindian.net/regalia.jpg

Do you recognize it?   Do you know who it belongs (ed) to? Has it been
stolen?

THIS REGALIA WAS FOUND DISCARDED IN A TRASH CAN near VANCOUVER, BRITISH
COLUMBIA. We would like to return it the rightful owner or the family
of the owner.

IT IS SUSPECTED TO MAYBE HAVE COME FROM ALBERTA   OR THE UNITED STATES.

LOOK CLOSELY AT IT

It appears to be possibly of Southwestern USA design. The item directly
to the left of the breast plate appears to be a Hopi Kachina Doll Totem.
The geometric designs are like those of the Hopi, Dineh, Navajo area
peoples.

This regalia includes a bone breast plate, green fringed shawl,
moccasins, leggings, hand bag, hair tie ornament, knife sheath, pendant,
beaded belt, white bodice/sleeves white fringed, and the KACHINA DOLL
(TOTEM, FETISH, OR FAN)

IF IDENTIFIED:
Please contact ALICE BALSITO immediately at:
Alice Besito
Financial Aide Worker
West & Central Regions
Sto:lo Nation Social Development
Phone: 604-847-3299
Fax: 604-847-3280
Please mention J. Loa & Deb Marker when you call.

The picture is posted here:
http://americanindian.net/regalia.jpg

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THE MORNING STAR INSTITUTE
611 Pennsylvania Avenue, SE
Washington, DC 20003
(202) 547-5531
News Statement                                                         

JUNE 21 SET FOR 2007 NATIONAL PRAYER DAY FOR NATIVE SACRED PLACES

Washington, DC (6/18/07)—Observances and ceremonies will be held across
the country on June 21 to mark the 2007 National Day of Prayer to
Protect Native American Sacred Places. The exact times and days for
public commemorations are listed below.

Some of the gatherings highlighted in this release are educational
forums, not religious ceremonies, and are open to the general public.
Others are ceremonial and may be conducted in private. In addition to
those listed below, there will be commemorations and prayers offered at
sacred places that are under threat at this time.

Among the endangered places listed in the pages of this statement are
sacred places that are being desecrated and damaged now, such as
Hickory Ground in Alabama; San Francisco Peaks in Arizona; and Wakarusa
Wetlands in Kansas.

There are other holy places which are being threatened with injury or
destruction: Bear Butte in South Dakota; Little Creek Mountain in
Tennessee; the Medicine Lake Highlands in northern California; Ocmulgee

Old Fields in Georgia; the Petroglyphs in New Mexico; Snoqualmie Falls
in Washington.

“Native and non-Native people nationwide are gathering to honor sacred
places, with a special emphasis on those that are endangered by actions
that can be avoided,” said Suzan Shown Harjo (Cheyenne & Hodulgee
Muscogee). She is President of The Morning Star Institute, which
organizes the National Prayer Days.

This will be the fifth National Day of Prayer for Sacred Places. The
observance in Washington, D.C., will be held on the United States
Capitol Grounds, on the West Front Grassy Area (see details under the
Washington, D.C. listing below).

The first National Prayer Day was conducted on June 20, 2003, on the
U.S. Capitol West Lawn and nationwide to emphasize the need for Congress
to enact a cause of action to protect Native sacred places. That need
still exists.

“Many Native American sacred places are being damaged because Native
nations do not have equal access under the First Amendment to defend
them,” said Ms. Harjo. “All other people in the United States have the
First Amendment to protect their churches. Only traditional Native
Americans cannot get into the courthouse through the Freedom of Religion
Clauses. That simply must change as a matter of fairness and equity.”

In 1988, the Supreme Court told Congress it had to enact a statutory
right of action, if it wanted to protect Native sacred places. “Nineteen
years have passed without Congress creating that door to the courthouse
for Native Americans,” said Ms. Harjo, “and some of these places cannot
withstand many more years of legal and physical onslaughts.

“Native and non-Native people are gathering, again, to call on anyone
who will listen to help protect these national treasures and to do
something about this national disgrace that threatens them.”   

Alabama: Wetumpka – Hickory Ground Ceremonial Ground

The traditional religious leaders of Oce Vbofv Cuko Rakko (Hickory
Ground Ceremonial Ground) are continuing their work to negotiate for the
protection of their pre-removal lands near Wetumpka, Alabama, and the
dozens of human remains which have been disinterred without their
consent. Although summer requires their attention to be focused on
annual ceremonies to close the old year and start the new year, they
have been able to find time to travel to Wetumpka, Alabama, and
participate in the negotiation sessions.

As other Muscogee people gather for ceremonies, the tragic case of the
Hickory Ground site is discussed in wider and wider circles. Absent
from the southeast for 170 years, and separated by 800 miles, many
traditional people in Oklahoma were unaware of the destruction of sacred
places and the looting of burials in their ancient homelands.

But discussions have also spread into the Christian community about the
documented reports of complete disrespect for human remains and burials,
and a growing consensus between the major Muscogee religious communities
is that Muscogee common law regards a burial as a permanent resting
place for the dead, to remain undisturbed.

The Inter-Tribal Sacred Land Trust (www.itslt.org) is working to promote
the protection of sacred sites throughout the southeastern United
States, and to develop model policies and procedures, which could have
applications across the nation.


Arizona: San Francisco Peaks – June 21, 5:00 p.m. until Sunset

The Save the Peaks Coalition is gathering at Buffalo Park at the feet of
Nuvatukaovi, Doko’oo’sliid, the San Francisco Peaks, June 21, from 5:00
p.m. to Sunset.

The San Francisco Peaks are sacred to Apache, Hopi, Hualapai, Navajo,
Yavapai and other Native nations. The San Francisco Peaks are home to
many sacred beings, medicine places and origin sites. Myriad ceremonies
are conducted there for healing, well being, balance, commemoration,
passages and the world’s water and life cycles.   

There are U.S. Forest Service and private business plans underway to
expand the Snowbowl ski resort and to use recycled sewage to make
artificial snow. These plans could have a disastrous impact on the
Native religions and people and on the water and health of the entire
region. The creeping recreational development has concerned Native
spiritual leaders and tribal officials for decades, but current plans
far exceed the past activity at the resort. The area is within the
Coconino National Forest.

Native nations are attempting to protect the San Francisco Peaks in
court. The District Court ruled for the development in January 2006. The
Ninth Circuit decided for the Hopi Tribe, Navajo Nation and others in
March 2007, ruling that the Forest Service violated the Religious
Freedom Restoration Act and the National Environmental Policy Act in
allowing the Snowbowl Resort to expand over 100 acres of rare alpine
ecosystem, part of the area which is sacred to Native Peoples. The
federal government is challenging that decision.

Numerous ceremonies and gatherings will be taking place on June 21 at
the San Francisco Peaks.

The Save the Peaks Coalition: We are gathering for Solstice prayers at
Buffalo Park at the feet of Nuvatukaovi, Doko'oo'sliid, the San
Francisco Peaks, Arizona, from 5:00 p.m. until Sunset, June 21, 2007. We
gather in support with the Save the Peaks Coalition for One World well
being and the Mother and All Her Children in Peace. Save the Peaks
Coalition - http://www.savethepeaks.org


California: Needles – June 21, Sunrise

The Ft. Mojave Indian Tribe remains in emergency need of support to
protect the Maze sacred area along the Lower Colorado River. The Maze is
both a physical manifestation and a spiritual pathway for the afterlife.
It has always been, and will always be, an integral and significant part
of the Mojave way of life, beliefs, traditions, culture and religion.
The Mojave will observe the Prayer Day in Needles at the Maze property,
on June 21, and pray for continued guidance, preservation and national
support to defend this sacred area.

Pacific Gas & Electric, by its ownership and operation of the Topock
Natural Gas Compressor Station near Needles, California over the last 50
years, has polluted the groundwater under and around the Maze with
hexavalent chromium, a toxic chemical that can cause numerous human and
environmental health problems. PG&E, BLM and California Department of
Toxic Substances Control proceeded with Interim Measures to remediate
the contamination, which recent measures include the construction of a
new Treatment Plant within the Maze area.

PG&E acquired land from Metropolitan Water District containing portions
of the Maze, as well as over 100 recorded pre-contact sites, for the
sole purpose of building this Plant. This construction has resulted in
desecration of and damage to the sacred Maze area. Moreover,
construction occurred without engaging in public environmental review by
waiving state and federal environmental laws, meaningful
government-to-government consultation with the tribes or timely National
Historic Preservation Act Section 106 review, and without adequate
consideration of other effective alternatives to safeguard the health of
the Colorado River. Also, additional wells and other activities are also
now being proposed for the Arizona side of the River. These, together,
would create cumulative adverse impacts to the sacred landscape and
tribal beliefs.

In 2005, Ft. Mojave filed a lawsuit seeking the removal of the plant,
total restoration of the sacred area, an environmental baseline of prior
to the plant's construction, and any other actions that could serve to
remedy the desecration. Settlement negotiations concluded in November
2006 which would achieve each of these goals and other remedies
including repatriation of the sacred area to tribal ownership,
sensitivity training for PG&E employees and contractors, a written
public apology and reimbursement of past and future tribal costs.

Even though settlement was achieved, deep prayer is needed to ask for
further understanding by PG&E and the agencies as to the nature of this
traditional cultural landscape and that they should not be afraid to
acknowledge it as such. Prayer is also needed to ask for forgiveness for
any continuing desecration that may occur until the offending facilities
are actually removed and that a Final Remedy is selected soon that
respects the sacred nature of this area.

This issue is national in scope: the Maze has been officially listed on
the National Register of Historic Places since 1978 and is formally
recognized as nationally significant. Moreover, the failure of state and
federal agencies to consider direct and indirect impacts to Native
sacred places during pollution remediation activities is a national
problem requiring congressional oversight.

Contact: Linda Otero, Director, AhaMakav Cultural Society, at (928)
768-4475 or Courtney Ann Coyle, Tribal Attorney, at (858) 454-8687.


Colorado: Boulder - Native American Rights Fund, June 21 at 6:00 a.m.

The National Day of Prayer to Protect Native American Sacred Places is
being observed at the Native American Rights Fund on June 21, 2007. The
public is welcome to a sunrise ceremony that will be held
on NARF's front lawn beginning at 6:00 a.m. The program is expected to
last for one hour with a prayer ceremony, speakers and a moment of
silence to show concern for the sacred places that are being damaged and
destroyed today.

The Native American Rights Fund is headquartered at 1506 Broadway in
Boulder, Colorado. NARF extends an open invitation to its program and
requests that participants bring a chair or a blanket to the front lawn
and to bring food and/or beverages to share at the completion of the
program.

As part of its mission, the Native American Rights Fund advocates for
sacred site protection, religious freedom efforts and cultural rights.
NARF attorneys and staff participate in local and national
gatherings and discussions about how to protect lands that are sacred
and precious to Native Americans.

The Native American Rights Fund utilizes its resources to protect First
Amendment rights of Native American religious leaders, prisoners and
members of the Native American Church, and to assert tribal rights to
cultural property and human remains, in compliance with the Native
American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act.

Why should holy places be protected? How well do existing laws and
federal agency regulations protect Native American places of worship?
These and other questions will be addressed by NARF attorneys Steve
Moore and Walter Echo-Hawk (Pawnee), who are active in the Medicine
Wheel National Historic Landmark, The Devil's Tower, the Spirit Cave
case, Kennewick Man case and the work of the Sacred Lands Protection
Coalition, of which the Native American Rights Fund is a member. NARF
also represents the Working Group on Native American Culturally
Unidentified Human Remains.

The Native American Rights Fund is a national nonprofit organization
whose mission is to assist American Indians, individuals and
organizations in the legal representation and interpretation of federal
Indian law. NARF is headquartered in Boulder, Colorado, with offices in
Washington, D.C., and Anchorage, Alaska.

Contact: The Native American Rights Fund at (303) 447-8760.


Iowa: McGregor – Effigy Mounds, June 21

The Mississippi River Sacred Sites Run 2007 will resume it's presence
along the river at sunset June 20, at Pikes Peak State Park's Effigy
Mounds in McGregor, Iowa.

In this area, Native Americans of the Woodland Culture of 800 to 1200
A.D. sculpted earthen "effigy" mounds on ridge tops, in the shapes of
animals, to celebrate their oneness with Mother Earth. Many of these
mounds remain today as a monument to these people and a reminder to us
that we are also of the earth.

Five miles north, on June 21 at 7:30 a.m., we will gather at Effigy
Mounds National Monument Museum for a walk up to the Fire Point Effigies
to honor our ancestors.
                  
The mounds are ceremonial sites by many Americans, especially the
Monument's 16 associated American Indian tribes. The 2,526-acre Monument
includes 206 American Indian mounds situated in a natural setting and
located along the "Great River Road" of the Mississippi River.

The Mississippi River Sacred Sites Run 2007 will travel northward to the
Minneapolis/St Paul's numerous sacred sites, which are now destroyed.
Join us, July 7, for the Twin Cities Sacred Sites Tour, Through
Indigenous Eyes. The run will travels farther up river to Duluth,
Minnesota, and to Milwaukee, Wisconsin.

Contact: Ben Yahola 414-383-7072 humoti @ yahoo.com
Minneapolis area contact: delliott @ usfamily.net


Kansas: Lawrence - Wakarusa Wetlands, June 21 at Sunrise

Save the Wakarusa Wetlands, Inc. - an association of Lawrence, Kansas
based Haskell Indian Nations University alumni, students and community
supporters - will observe National Prayer Day at Sunrise on Thursday,
June 21, in the wetlands south of Lawrence.

The ceremony will be led by Jimm Goodtracks (Otoe-Missouria), assisted
by Mike Smith (Dene) and is open to all who wish to add their prayers to
save this sacred place from the highway builders. Jeremy Shield (Crow)
will again sing a song to greet the sun.

Participants will ask for the protection of the Wakarusa Wetlands (aka,
Haskell-Baker Wetlands), threatened by an eight-lane highway project
approved by the Army Corps of Engineers, but delayed by state budget
constraints.

After years of claiming the trafficway had been "de-federalized,” in an
attempt to render federal laws protecting Native sites inapplicable, the
Federal Highway Administration is back in the game. It recently
announced its intent to adopt an outdated and severely flawed Corps of
Engineers Environmental Impact Statement in order to expedite federal
funds for the beleaguered project.

As has happened so often in this long struggle, the announcement of a
decision, promised by March, has been postponed until after Haskell
students left for summer vacation. A lawsuit is pending if KDOT proceeds
with construction.

This sacred place is the last significant trace of the original Wakarusa
Bottoms, an 18,000-acre prairie wetland environment that existed for
thousands of years before whites drained and dammed the wetlands, which
supplied Native peoples of the region with valuable medicines and
important ceremonial items.

Elders have said the Creator caused the course of the Wakarusa River to
go directly east toward the rising sun, in sharp contrast to the other
rivers in the region, as a sign of sacred healing plants and herbs to be
gathered there.

About 600 acres of the Wakarusa Wetlands was located directly south of
the dorms at Haskell Institute. The last major remnant of this wetland
became a refuge where young Indian people from all across the country
survived government efforts to exterminate their cultures during the
off-reservation boarding school years. There, in the wetland refuge,
young Indian people from Maine to California sang forbidden songs,
performed dances that were federally punishable with jail time and
refused to let the authorities "kill the Indian" in them. Parents and
other tribal leaders camped, often for weeks, beside these wetlands on
the bank of the Wakarusa awaiting permission from school officials to
retrieve or at least visit their children.

Despite efforts to drain the wetland in the early twentieth century, and
Haskell’s loss of this property during the termination era, the Wakarusa
Wetland, like Haskell Indian Nations University itself, has survived and
flourished. The entire historic Haskell campus, including the wetlands,
is reportedly being considered for designation as a National Historic
Heritage area.

Contact: Michael Caron (785-842-6293) by email at mcaron @ sunflower.com

with Save the Wakarusa Wetlands www.savethewetlands.org.

Contact: Lori Tapahonso, Executive Assistant/Public Information Officer,
Haskell Indian Nations University, at (785) 830-2715 or by email at
(LTapahonso @ HASKELL.edu).

Contact: RaeLynn Butler, President, Haskell Wetland Preservation
Organization, Haskell Indian Nations University, at
Rbutler @ HASKELL.edu


South Dakota: Missouri River - Ft. Berthold Reservation & Ihanktonwan
(Yankton Sioux) Reservation, June 21, Sunrise Ft. Berthold Reservation

Ft. Berthold Reservation, Upper Missouri River Region, North Dakota –
Home of the Mandan, Hidatsa and Arikara Nation – will host a Sunrise
Prayer Ceremony, June 21.

Details regarding this event are available from Pemina Yellow Bird at
(701) 497-3461 or by email at pemina @ hotmail.com.


Ihanktonwan (Yankton Sioux) Reservation

Commemoration of the National Day of Prayer for Sacred Places and the
Summer Solstice for Native People will take place at Ihanktonwan
Reservation (Yankton Sioux) on June 21 for the Missouri River and
Pipestone Quarry.

Home to many tribal Nations for thousands of years, the Missouri River
Corridor is one of the largest threatened territories in the struggle
for the preservation and protection of ancestral burials and sacred and
cultural places.

Public and private ceremonies, press conferences and educational events
will be held on Tribal lands and at sacred places along the River,
hosted by Missouri River Tribes.

Irreplaceable cultural and sacred areas are impacted every day be
erosion from the six mainstream dams built on the upper River as a
result of the Pick-Sloan Act of 1946. Shoreline Development,
recreational use of the reservoirs and agricultural impacts also add to
the vulnerability of sacred places that are intrinsic to the Missouri
River Tribes’ spiritual and cultural practices.

And though Missouri River Tribes have forged a new management agreement
with the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers regarding the preservation of
sacred and cultural resources on the River, these holy and irreplaceable
places remain vulnerable to looting and vandalism as million of
Americans come to the reservoirs for recreation and fishing.

At summer solstice sunrise, June 21st, two events will take place: at
sunrise the Yankton Cultural Committee, the White Swan teams, the White
Swan Camp, Brave Heart Society, Sundance and prayer leaders will offer
prayers for protection/return of sacred sites and tribal lands. Prayers
will be at the White Swan Camp.

Later that same day, June 21st, as “Keepers of the Pipestone Quarry”,
the Ihanktonwan runners will be returning home to the Galen Drapeau
Sundance after running since June 2, spreading awareness and prayers for
the protection of Pipestone Quarry. It is the spiritual run for the
Sacred Pipe. For generations, the Yanktons have been protectors of the
Quarry. The Yanktons are in consultation with the Monument officials
and we pray for a good result.

Contacts for Spiritual Run: John Rouse (605-487-7816), Michael Rouse
(605-491-2430) and Wes Hare III (605-384-3605).

Contacts for Sunrise Prayers at White Swan:
Faith Spotted Eagle eagletrax @ hotmail.com (605-481-0416),
Michael Rouse/David Arrow (605-491-2430) and
Sharon Drappeau (605-487-7031).


Washington, D.C.: U.S. Capitol, West Front Grassy Area - The Morning
Star Institute – June 21, 8:00 a.m.

The observance in Washington, D.C., will take place at the U.S. Capitol
on the West Front Grassy Area   on June 21 at 8:00 a.m.

The public is invited to attend this respectful observance to honor
sacred places and sacred beings and all those who care for them and
protect them from harm.

This observance is organized by The Morning Star Institute, a national
Native rights organization founded in 1984 and dedicated to Native
Peoples’ cultural and traditional rights, including religious freedom
and sacred places protection.

The observance will take the form of a talking circle. All are welcome
to offer words, songs or a moment of silence for all sacred places, but
especially for those that are being desecrated or damaged at this time.


Contact: The Morning Star Institute at (202) 547-5531 or Suzan Shown
Harjo at suzan_harjo @ yahoo.com.
A co-sponsor of the commemoration in Washington is the Friends Committee
on National Legislation (the Quaker lobbying organization). The FCNL
issued this statement:

"Faith based organizations oppose the destruction and desecration of
sacred places. Quakers have supported legislative efforts to protect
religious practices and sacred areas, which are tied to the history,
culture, and spirituality of Indigenous people in the U.S. The Friends
Committee on National Legislation advocated for Native American
religious freedom through the American Indian Religious Freedom Act, the
Native American Grave Protection and Repatriation Act, and the Religious
Freedom Restoration Act.

"Tourists tour famous churches all over Europe. They walk quietly
through the Washington Cathedral and the Basilica of the National Shrine
of the Immaculate Conception. Many people also travel to beautiful
nature spots -- some of which border or encompass sites sacred to
indigenous people.   Tourists, people of good will and other non-Natives
can appreciate Native sacred sites from a distance. To understand, we
believe the public will especially benefit from the film "In Light of
Reverence" and by learning more about struggles at places such as Bear
Butte, South Dakota.

“The government is obligated to stop practices such as building roads
through sacred sites and allowing ski areas to be build on sacred sites.
FCNL strongly supports President Clinton's executive order that
agencies must avoid harm to the physical integrity of sacred sites and
must guarantee access and use of such sites by Indian spiritual
practitioners."

Contact: Patricia Powers (pat@fcnl), Friends Committee on National
Legislation, 245 Second Street, Washington, DC 20002, or at (202)
547-6000.

Co-sponsoring the commemoration in Washington again is the General
Commission on Religion and Race of The United Methodist Church, which
issued the following statement:

“As stated in The 2004 United Methodist Book of Resolutions, the Church
supports ‘the God-given and constitutional rights of religious freedom
for American Indians, including the preserving of traditional Native
American sacred sites of worship’ (148, page 382). National Day of
Prayer to Protect Sacred Places is a day for the Church to stand in
solidarity with Natives to strengthen this protection. The General
Commission on Religion and Race encourages United Methodists, Christians
and all people to join in this observance and ask Congress to protect
Native sacred places.”

Washington: Snoqualmie Falls, June 21, 11:40 a.m.

Honor Snoqualmie Falls ~ Let the Spirit Flow, For All People,
For All Time

The Snoqualmie Tribe honors the Spirit of Snoqualmie Falls on the
National Day of Prayer for the Protection of Native Sacred Places at
11:40 a.m. Bring food to share afterwards.

The Snoqualmie Tribe is presently awaiting a 9th Circuit Court of
Appeals decision regarding the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission
license to Puget Sound Energy for hydroelectric project 2493.

Snoqualmie Falls Ambassador Lois Sweet Dorman invites everyone to join
in humble prayer and song with the many Indigenous Peoples from around
the globe who are fighting to keep their Sacred Places and Sacred
Connections strong.

“Many Native Peoples fight the same fight”, says Sweet Dorman. “We need
our places and our places need us. We do our ceremonies, handed down
through the generations, to keep our Sacred cycles strong and thereby
ourselves strong. We do this for everyone, all our relations.”

Snoqualmie Falls is where the Transformer created the first man and the
first woman and then climbed back to his Star Father’s people where he
can still be seen through the hole his Snoqualmie mother poked in the
sky with her digging stick. He is Moon, the Transformer the Changer,
providing light in the darkness for the people of the Valley of the
Moon. “This is our Snoqualmie Creation history,” says Ms. Sweet Dorman.



“Snoqualmie Falls is a sacred place, where the water’s journey completes
its sacred cycle at the base of the falls and a transformation of Spirit
takes place. The mist creates the connection between worlds and at the
same time delivers prayers and blessings.”

Snoqualmie Falls is deemed eligible for listing on the National Register
of Historic Places as a Traditional Cultural Property. It is visited by
more than 1.5 million people from around the world each year. It is 268
feet high, which is 100 feet higher than Niagara Falls, and is easily
assessable from the Seattle metropolitan area. Snoqualmie Falls is on
the “23 Most Endangered Sacred Places” list from the National Congress
of American Indians.   


------------------

Summer camp for hearing impaired

ROCHESTER, N.Y. -- African-American, Latino American and Native American
students with hearing loss who are entering 7th, 8th, or 9th grades are
invited to Steps to Success, a career exploration mini-camp Aug. 8-10 at
Rochester Institute of Technology's National Technical Institute for the
Deaf.

The weekend camp invites students to explore career options that can
help prepare them for life after high school. Participants work with
experienced counselors and instructors who use both English and sign
language, to construct robots, perform science experiments in high-tech
labs, and more. Students will stay in residence halls, get a taste of
life on campus, and meet other students from around the country.

Parents or guardians are encouraged to stay for the weekend and can get
tips to support their student through this time of transition, as well
as share experiences and information with other parents of students with
hearing loss. The cost for students is $50 for the weekend and includes
housing, meals and activities. Limited scholarships are available based
on financial need.

Call (585) 475-7695 (V/TTY)
or e-mail SteptoSuccess @ ntid.rit.edu.

Registration deadline is May 31.



------------------

NATIONAL MEMORIAL DAY PARADE

NATIONAL MUSEUM OF THE AMERICAN INDIAN (NMAI)

Come join NMAI march in the National Memorial Day Parade
in Washington D.C. on May 26th 2008!

Traditional Regalia is encouraged…

To participate, contact: Justin Bruce Giles
202-633-6629 or gilesj @ si.edu

For further information: www.nationalmemorialdayparade.com

------------------


CORRECTIONS AND REHABILITATION, R.J. DONOVAN CORRECTIONAL FACILITY
Title: NATIVE AMERICAN SPIRITUAL LEADER
Salary: $3,894.00 - $4,867.00
Posted: 04/09/08
Job Description:
MUST INCLUDE POSITION # ON YOUR APPLICATION. ELIGIBILITY MUST BE CLEARLY
STATED ON YOUR APPLICATION. DUTIES WILL INCLUDE, BUT ARE NOT LIMITED TO
THE FOLLOWING: Under the direction of the Correctional Administrator
(DOC), Operations, to provide spiritual and moral guidance to residents
of State correctional institutions; to conduct and/or facilitate Native
American spiritual ceremonies, oral traditions, cultural studies, and to
do other related work. Must show that he/she embodies fundamental Native
American cultural/spiritual values with ability to effectively teach
these values and instill them in others. Ability to work in the
cross-cultural institutional setting; insight into the factors involved
in the development of behavior problems; demonstrate aptitude for
working effectively with an interest in the welfare and spiritual needs
of institution residents; emotional stability; adaptability; firmness;
patience; self-control; tact; good communication skills; neat personal
appearance; good judgment in moral, ethical, and spiritual matters.
Applications may be screened, and only the most qualified will be
scheduled for an interview.

Additional Information:
Working Title

Position Number
NATIVE AMERICAN SPIRITUAL LEADER

030 - 229 - 9912 - 003
Location

County
(RJDCF)

SAN DIEGO
Timebase

Tenure
Full Time

Permanent   month(s)
Final Filing Date:

Department Link:
Until Filled

None Specified
Contact Unit/Address

Contact Name/Phone
DELEGATED TESTING OFFICE
P.O. BOX 799006
SAN DIEGO, 92179-9006

LIZ ESPINOSA
(619) 661-6500 x7537
lizbeth.espinosa @ cdcr.ca.gov

------------------

"Music From A Painted Cave" PBS Station

"Music From A Painted Cave" set to re-air nationally on PBS affiliates
this June. Televisions stations from coast to coast are being offered
"Music From A Painted Cave" to add to their fundraising lineup of shows.

The show is being offered through Long Island's PBS station, WLIW. It
was a surprise hit of the 2001-2002 pledge season and to see this
re-airing be as successful as possible you can help.

1) Find the telephone number of your local PBS station.
2) Call and ask for the "Programmer" or "Program Director"
3) Request that they choose Robert Mirabal's "Music From A Painted Cave"
as one of their upcoming fundraising pledge events through WLIW's
program.

The special brings forth cultures of both the ancient and contemporary
worlds in a concert and dance special filmed December 16, 2000 at
Foxwoods Resort Casino’s Fox Theater (Mashantucket, Connecticut) .

Robert's melodies spring from the lively and haunting chants of his
ancestors, and range from traditional songs in Tiwa, his native
language, to the driving rhythms of his rock fusion compositions.
Robert's band Rare Tribal Mob is joined by session drummer Kenny Aronoff
(Melissa Etheridge, John Fogerty, John Mellencamp). Although filmed and
originally released in 2001, "Music From A Painted Cave" remains a
benchmark of Native American entertainment.

Robert Mirabal is a two-time Grammy Award winning artist. A leading
proponent of world music, Robert has merged his American sound with
those of Africa, Asia and the Caribbean, tapping into a planetary pulse
with a style that defies categorization. His nine albums of traditional
music, rock and roll, and spoken word present a contemporary view of
American Indian life that is unequaled.

As a composer, songwriter or musician, Robert has won many honors
including two-time Native American Artist of the Year, three-time
Songwriter of the Year, a 2006 Grammy Award for "Sacred Ground," Best
Native American Album of the Year, and a 2008 Grammy Award for Johnny
Whitehorse: "Totemic Flute Chants".

You can read more about Robert Mirabal and other award winning artists
in "The Entertainers" section and hear music from "In the Blood" and
other albums at _www.Allindianz. com_ (http://www.Allindia nz.com) You
can also read more about Robert Mirabal by visiting _www.StarRoadRecord
s.com_ (http://www.StarRoad Records.com) or
_www.Mirabal. com_ (http://www.Mirabal. com)


------------------

Call for Submissions

"The Next Seven Generations"

We are seeking submissions for the 2008 Children of Many Colors
Powwow program. The topic is what does the future hold for our next
seven generations?

What do you see for the future of Indian people? What do you see
for the future of our Earth? What are you doing about it?

Last year's powwow program was very well received with the short
stories collectively known as "Why We Sing, Why We Dance". We would
like this year's program to include a broad spectrum of people, view
points, ideas, and inspiration.

Details

Your submission will be considered for inclusion in our annual
powwow program. If there are more submissions than we can fit in
the program, we may publish a book. If your submission is chosen
for the program, you will receive a copy of the program. If we
create a book, it will be available for purchase online at Lulu.com;
as a small non profit group, we regretfully cannot afford to give
free copies of the book to everyone who participates.

Submissions should be two pages or less. Longer submissions will be
considered, particularly from people involved in the preservation of
indigenous cultures and our planet. Photographs of the author are
welcome. Jpeg images and word documents sent via email are
preferred; we will accept typed and written submissions as well. We
will make every effort to return photographs or stories that are
sent through the mail, although we cannot guarantee their return.

For the powwow program, we generally alter photographs into black
and white line drawings. If we publish a book, we will have the
option of using color or black and white images. Sending an image
or written submission implies your consent that Redbird uses the
image or written submission.

Submissions may be edited for grammar, spelling and length only. It
is our intention to represent the Native American community with its
own voice and through its own people. Any editing will be for the
purpose of improving the clarity of the submission, and not to alter
its ideas or content.

This is an open call for submissions. We are not putting any
restrictions on who may respond. We would like to hear from members
of the Native American community across the western hemisphere. If
you have a tribal affiliation, please state it. If you are of multi-
ethnic heritage, don't be afraid to say so. If you wish for people
to be able to contact you, please include public contact
information.

If you are doing something about the future of the planet and
indigenous people, please, tell us about it. What do you envision
for the generations to come? What struggles and triumphs do you
foresee? How will we keep our cultures alive? What is your role in
doing so?

We would very much like to hear from leaders, decision makers, and
tribal council persons. We would love to hear from children and
elders. We are equally interested in the thoughts and visions of the
rest of the community.

Climate specialists, biologists and others working in the earth
sciences are also welcome to contribute. We would like to create a
work that offers inspiration and encourages responsible activism to
a wide audience. While Redbird is a Native American and
environmental organization, our readership will be people from all
ethnic backgrounds and all walks of life.

Deadline for submissions is June 1, 2008. Please consider
responding before the deadline, so we will have time to read and
review all submissions, and design a powwow program that is both
attractive and informative.

(In order to receive a copy of the powwow program, please include
your mailing address with your submission. We will notify you after
June 1 if your submission is used in the program, or in a book
format. Last year we were able to use all but two submissions on
the topic "Why We Sing, Why We Dance". As long as your submission
is relevant to the topic, and suitable for a general audience,
including youth, your chances of inclusion are good.)

Where to Send Submissions

By Email: redbirds_vision @ hotmail.com (for email submissions, word
documents and jpeg images)

By Mail: Redbird, P.O. Box 702, Simi Valley, CA 93062

What is Redbird?
Redbird is a 501(c)(3) non profit association based in southern
California. We are focused on Native American cultural awareness
and environmental activism, as well as meeting the needs of
disadvantaged families and individuals. The Children of Many Colors
Powwow is our signature event. We welcome you to visit our
website at www.RedbirdsVision. org to learn more about our mission,
our history, and our vision for the future.


------------------

Cherokee Mary Golda Ross Aug. 9, 1908- April 29, 2008


Mary Golda Ross "Gold" Aug. 9, 1908- April 29, 2008
Mary Golda "Gold" Ross passed away Tuesday April 29th at her home in Los
Altos, California just 3 ½ months before her 100th birthday. An American
Indian aerospace engineer, Mary Golda Ross made notable contributions in
aerospace technology, particularly in areas related to space flight and
ballistic missiles.

Mary Gold was part of the original engineering team at Lockheed's
Missile Systems Division, where she worked on a number of defense
systems, and contributed to space exploration efforts with her work
relating to the Apollo program, the Polaris reentry vehicle, and
interplanetary space probes.

Born in Oklahoma on August 9, 1908, Ross took pride in her heritage as a
Cherokee Indian. Her great-great- grandfather, John Ross, was the
principal chief of the Cherokee Nation between 1828 and 1866. Ross was
later to remark that she had been brought up in the Cherokee tradition
of equal education for both boys and girls. She was, however, the only
girl in her math class, which did not seem to bother her. Indeed, her
early interests were math, physics, and science.

Armed with these interests and a sense of purpose, Miss Ross graduated
from high school when she was sixteen. She attended Northeastern State
Teacher's College and graduated from there in 1928, when she was twenty.
After graduating from Northeastern State Teachers College, Ross taught
mathematics and science for nine and one-half years in public schools.
She also served as a girls' advisor at a Pueblo and Navajo school for
boys and girls. Ross returned to school herself, this time to Colorado
State Teachers College (now the University of Northern Colorado at
Greeley), where she graduated with a master's degree in mathematics in
1938.

With the growth of the aviation industry in the early part of World War
II, Miss Ross found a position in 1942 as an assistant to a consulting
mathematician with Lockheed Aircraft Corporation in Burbank, California.
Her early work at Lockheed involved engineering problems having to do
with transport and fighter aircraft. Meanwhile, with the support of
Lockheed, Ross continued her education at the University of California,
Los Angeles, where she took courses in aeronautical and mechanical
engineering.

When Lockheed formed its Missiles Systems Division in 1954, it selected
Mary Ross to be one of the first forty employees, and she was the only
female engineer among them. As the American missile program matured,
Miss Ross found herself researching and evaluating feasibility and
performance of ballistic missile and other defense systems. She also
studied the distribution of pressure caused by ocean waves and how it
affected submarine-launched vehicles.

Her work in 1958 concentrated on satellite orbits and the Agena series
of rockets that played so prominent a role in the Apollo moon program
during the 1960s and 70s. As an advanced systems engineer, Miss Ross
worked on the Polaris reentry vehicle and engineering systems for manned
space flights. Before her retirement from Lockheed in 1973, Ross
undertook research on flyby space probes that would study Mars and
Venus. After Ross retired she continued her interests in engineering by
delivering lectures to high school and college groups to encourage young
women and Native American youths to train for technical careers.

Ross authored a number of classified publications relating to her work
in national defense and received several awards during her career. A
charter member of the Los Angeles chapter of the Society of Women
Engineers since 1952, Ross has received a number of honors. In 1961 she
garnered the San Francisco Examiner's award for Woman of Distinction and
the Woman of Achievement Award from the California State Federation of
Business and Professional Clubs. Ross was elected a fellow and life
member of the Society of Women Engineers, whose Santa Clara Valley
Section established a scholarship in her name. She has also been the
recipient of achievement awards from the American Indian Science and
Engineering Society and from the Council of Energy Resource Tribes. In
1992 she was inducted into the Silicon Valley Engineering Hall of Fame.

Among her many awards, she was selected as Outstanding Alumnus where she
received her Bachelor's Degree in Oklahoma 1994 and where she received
her Master's Degree in Colorado in 1992. In addition to this she was a
very strong supporter, both financial and vocal, for AISES (American
Indians in Science and Engineering Society) She leaves behind a sister,
Billie Ross Meyer of Middletown, New York, two first cousins plus
numerous nieces, nephews and loved ones throughout the United States and
the Cherokee Nation.


------------------

Contact: Maxine Hillary or Phillip Hamel

202-690-6531 518-897-4156

FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE

“Blessed by Tradition: Honoring Our Ancestors Through Government
Service”

Society of American Indian Government Employees

hosts fifth national training conference and career fair

(Washington, D.C.) April 21 - The Society of American Indian Government
Employees (SAIGE) will host its fifth national training conference and
career fair at the Grand Traverse Hotel in Traverse City, Michigan, June
2-6.

The 2008 national training conference, “Blessed by Tradition: Honoring
Our Ancestors Through Government Service,” will focus on training
designed to provide government employees, particularly those involved in
the delivery of Native American services and programs, the education to
reach their full potential in the Federal workplace. A discounted
registration of $50 is offered to students, providing they have a valid
student ID. Students age 18-25 are also urged to apply for a Youth Track
Scholarship.

In conjunction with the conference, a career fair will be held on
Wednesday, June 4th. It is free to the public and will have exhibit
booths and staff available to discuss career opportunities from various
businesses, federal and state agencies, and others. Training sessions
will focus on tips for applying and interviewing for a position, as well
as other related subjects. There will also be a career resource center
where information and computers will be available.

SAIGE is a private, national non-profit organization founded in 2001 to
promote the recruitment, hiring, retention, development and advancement
of American Indians and Alaska Natives in the government workforce, and
to assist their respective agencies in fulfilling the Federal Trust
Responsibility. SAIGE is open to federal, state, tribal, and local
employees.

For additional information on registration and scholarship applications,
please visit www.saige.org.


------------------

May 17, 2008
Spring Hike-A-Thon at Haramokngna
Highway 2 at Mt. Wilson Road, La Canada Flintridge
www.haramokngna. org
Kat High (310) 455-1588 katcalls @ aol. com

------------
June 6-8, 2008
Standing Bear Powwow
Friday 5 p.m. – 10 p.m.
Saturday 10 a.m. – 10 p.m.
Sunday 10 a.m. – 5 p.m.
Bakersfield Community College
1800 Panorama Drive, Bakersfield, California
Gene Albitre (661) 589-8414
earawhide @ sbcglobal .net

------------
June 28, 2008
Summer Solstice Storytelling Day
Haramokngna American Indian Cultural Center
Highway 2 at Mt. Wilson Road, La Canada Flintridge
www.haramokngna. org
Kat High (310) 455-1588 katcalls @aol. com

------------
July 18-20, 2008
Redbird’s Children of Many Colors Intertribal Powwow
(dates subject to approval by Moorpark College as of January 2008)
We have confirmed the dates of July 18-20 with Moorpark College for the
Children of Many Colors Powwow. Friday night there will be a potluck and
open flute circle. Saturday and Sunday will be devoted to gourd,
intertribal and exhibition dancing. We are hoping to throw in a few fun
contests this year.
We are working with the college now to find out what time we will be
able to access the field on Friday; there is currently a football
practice scheduled for Friday morning, so we may not be able to set up
the circle until early afternoon.
If you would like a vendor application, feel free to email or call and
please include your mailing address. Applications should be available to
download from our website by mid-March.
Friday evening – open flute circle, potluck, vendor set-up
Saturday 11 a.m. – 10 p.m. Intertribal Powwow
Sunday 11 a.m. – 6 p.m. Intertribal Powwow
Moorpark College
7075 Campus Road, Moorpark, California 93021
(805) 217-0364 redbirds_vision @ hotmail.com

------------
September 13-14, 2008
Fall Flute Circle
World Festival of Sacred Music
Haramokngna American Indian Cultural Center
Highway 2 at Mt. Wilson Road, La Canada Flintridge
www.haramokngna. org
Kat High (310) 455-1588 katcalls @ aol. com


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News Articles:
_______________


Colorado resolution compares Indians' deaths to Holocaust
http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2008/04/30/AR2008043002966.html


Obama weighs in against CBC legislation on Cherokees
http://thehill.com/index2.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=73205&pop=1&page=0&Itemid=70##


Appeals court hears Cherokee Freedmen dispute
http://www.indianz.com/News/2008/008587.asp

Natives & newcomers: 'We didn't get justice'
http://www.billingsgazette.net/articles/2008/05/04/news/state/20-native.txt


Natives & newcomers: Lost river, lost powers
http://www.billingsgazette.net/articles/2008/05/04/news/state/22-native.txt


Natives & newcomers: Battles of taxation
http://www.billingsgazette.net/articles/2008/05/04/news/state/24-native.txt


Natives & newcomers: Looking for relief
http://www.billingsgazette.net/articles/2008/05/04/news/state/26-native.txt


Natives & newcomers: Crow tribal court kept busy
http://www.billingsgazette.net/articles/2008/05/05/news/state/20-natives_s.txt


Natives & newcomers: Making gains
http://www.billingsgazette.net/articles/2008/05/05/news/state/22-natives_s.txt


Natives & newcomers: Doing business
http://www.billingsgazette.net/articles/2008/05/05/news/state/24-natives_s.txt


Natives & newcomers: Taxes are key
http://www.billingsgazette.net/articles/2008/05/05/news/state/26-natives_s.txt


Natives & newcomers: Backlash
http://www.billingsgazette.net/articles/2008/05/05/news/state/28-natives_s.txt


Judge calls Indian 'tribe' bogus, orders it to pay damages
http://www.cherokeephoenix.org/news/news.aspx?storyid=2842

Court rules against man in bald eagle-religion case
http://www.signonsandiego.com/news/state/20080508-1138-wst-baldeagles-religion.html


Lawmakers: English-Only Bill Likely To Die
http://www.koco.com/news/16194356/detail.html?rss=okl&psp=news

Appeals court rejects Chief Illiniwek suits
http://www.whoi-tv.com/sports/sports_story.aspx?id=130776

Tulalip Tribes art and culture on display
http://seattletimes.nwsource.com/html/snohomishcountynews/2004381157_tulalip30n.html


N.M. BLM looks to oil and gas to fund archaeology
http://www.lcsun-news.com/ci_9173089

Did Comets Cause Ancient American Extinctions?
http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2008/05/080506-comet-extinct.html


Earliest Known American Settlers Harvested Seaweed
http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2008/05/080508-first-americans.html


North Carolina Lumbee vote goes to Sen. Clinton
http://www.indianz.com/News/2008/008622.asp

Fletcher: Growing threat to land-in-trust statute
http://www.indiancountry.com/content.cfm?id=1096417253

Navajo water rights bill heads to U.S. Senate floor
http://www.cherokeephoenix.org/News/News.aspx?StoryID=2850

Stillaguamish Tribe welcomes small bison herd to Arlington
http://seattlepi.nwsource.com/local/6420ap_wa_bison_herd.html

Obama, McCain Fight Will Test Indian Ideals
http://www.reznetnews.org/blogs/red-clout/obama%2C-mccain-fight-will-test-indian-ideals


President Bush Signs S. 2457 and S. 2739 into Law
http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2008/05/20080508.html

Couple Awarded $1.3M in Lawsuit
http://www.abqjournal.com/news/state/305474nm05-09-08.htm

Award honors Keeble as a true hero
http://www.grandforksherald.com/articles/index.cfm?id=75888&freebie_check&CFID=33669019&CFTOKEN=89162454&jsessionid=8830f19e56e340311b75


Unity among tribes has a long history
http://www.citizen-times.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=200880508064

Omaha Tribe Sets Future Goals During Meetings
http://www.ktiv.com/News/index.php?ID=25165

4 tribes agree to settlement on restoring salmon runs
http://seattletimes.nwsource.com/html/localnews/2004334007_columbia08m.html


A Native American take on comic art
http://www.latimes.com/entertainment/news/arts/la-ca-comicart11-2008may11%2C0%2C170315.story


State seeks to delay Rincon order
http://www.signonsandiego.com/news/metro/20080509-9999-1m9rincon.html

Millions at stake in Lawton casino fight
http://newsok.com/millions-at-stake-in-lawton-casino-fight/article/3241095


Ex-Leech Lake chairman pleads guilty to bribes
http://www.startribune.com/local/18776459.html

Casino could allow gambling for young players
http://www.desmoinesregister.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20080508/NEWS/80508026/-1/ENT05


Mohegan Sun officials say downgrade of outlook rating came as no
surprise
http://www.theday.com/re.aspx?re=fadb3f08-4b38-485d-94be-6abc793426ff

A tribe divided: Snoqualmie members fight for control of government,
casino
http://seattletimes.nwsource.com/html/localnews/2004372482_snoqualmie25m.html


Schools, Veterans Benefit from Agua Caliente Donations
http://www.kesq.com/Global/story.asp?S=8218077

Robert Salgado, Soboba Band of Luiseño Indians chairman, receives
national award
http://www.pe.com/localnews/rivcounty/stories/PE_News_Local_H_soboba24.428c257.html


INDIANS’ ADDITIONAL COMPENSATION CLAIMS Calculations for the Crow
Creek Sioux and Lower Brule Sioux Tribes Differ from Approach Used in
Prior GAO Reports - PDF file
http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d06849t.pdf

Editorial: Area needs clarity on land trust
http://www.uticaod.com/viewpoints/x2032093334/Editorial-Area-needs-clarity-on-land-trust


Senate Panel OKs Navajo Water Deal
http://www.abqjournal.com/news/state/305200nm05-08-08.htm

Dominica rejects legislating intermarriage to save tribe
http://seattlepi.nwsource.com/national/1102ap_dominica_disappearing_tribe.html


Students talk stereotypes, stress in effort to educate American Indian
teens on suicide
http://www.daily-times.com/news/ci_9188332

Pascua Yaqui school's 'Shaq attack' delivers warning of Internet dangers
http://www.azstarnet.com/sports/237974

Haskell education a family affair
http://www2.ljworld.com/news/2008/may/08/haskell_education_family_affair/?city_local


Kickapoo tribe celebrates new judicial center
http://www.stjoenews.net/news/2008/may/08/kickapoo-tribe-celebrates-new-judicial-center/?local


Puyallup Tribe of Indians to donate $685,000 for exhibit, fundraiser
http://www.thenewstribune.com/news/local/story/355102.html

Duwamish tribe sues to reverse 'extinct' status
http://seattlepi.nwsource.com/local/362170_duwamish08.html

Yellow Bird: Diversity in the United States
http://www.indianz.com/News/2008/008528.asp

Tribes want land, not money
http://www.rapidcityjournal.com/articles/2008/05/07/news/local/doc48212b39a76ce990277898.txt


'Black Hills not for sale,' Rosebud president says
http://www.rapidcityjournal.com/articles/2008/05/05/news/top/doc481fab4a04855392853625.txt


Tim Giago: It's time for action on the Black Hills
http://www.indianz.com/News/2008/008531.asp

2010 census strives for better counting of Native Americans
http://www.greatfallstribune.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20080507/NEWS01/805070301/1002


Pueblo makes plans for community kitchen
http://www.santafenewmexican.com/Region/Pueblo-makes-plans-for-community-kitchen


Bones found on ranch reburied by Ore. tribe
http://seattletimes.nwsource.com/html/localnews/2004362254_webbones20.html


Newberry College teams’ nickname banned
http://www.thestate.com/sports/story/397605.html

Yup'ik voters want help at polls
http://www.adn.com/western_alaska/story/397303.html

New Town doctor to help with new tribal health-care delivery plan
http://www.minotdailynews.com/page/content.detail/id/514901.html?nav=5010


Appeals court judge strikes blows against Indian rights
http://www.indianz.com/News/2008/008549.asp

Opinion: Games teach Native kids to tackle tough topics
http://www.missoulian.com/articles/2008/05/05/jodirave/rave71.txt

Tribes confront painful legacy of Indian boarding schools
http://seattletimes.nwsource.com/html/localnews/2004161238_boardingschool03m.html


PART 1: Currency bypasses businesses in the Bush
http://www.adn.com/money/story/396260.html

Tribe is reclaiming a lost legacy
http://www.startribune.com/local/south/18539994.html

Rescind medals of honor for massacre
http://www.argusleader.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=2008805030301

A move to destroy the Cherokee Nation By Ben Nighthorse Campbell
http://thehill.com/op-eds/a-move-to-destroy-the-cherokee-nation-2008-04-28.html


Tribes' new clout threatened by Abramoff fallout
http://community.seattletimes.nwsource.com/archive/?date=20060218&slug=tribaldonors16m


Crow elder, educator, author dies
http://billingsgazette.net/articles/2008/05/07/news/state/26-crowelder.txt


Newcomb: Anti-Indian sentiment persists
http://www.indiancountry.com/content.cfm?id=1096417239

The Comanche Nation informed KU that a professor who claims he's
Comanche is not an enrolled member of the tribe.
http://www.kansan.com/stories/2008/may/02/question_identity/?news

Former tribal leader says she is suspended
http://www.fresnobee.com/263/story/570326.html

Lumbee: Overdue Recognition
http://www2.journalnow.com/content/2008/may/02/overdue-recognition/?opinion


Lumbee Recognition Bill Elicits Concerns From Other Indian Groups
http://www.nbc17.com/midatlantic/ncn/news.apx.-content-articles-NCN-2008-04-30-0026.html


Ginew fire still burning in Lac du Flambeau
http://www.rhinelanderdailynews.com/articles/2008/05/01/news/doc4819e520cdd7b462724268.txt


Role as casino regulator gives Jerry Brown fine line to walk as he
ponders next step
http://www.pe.com/localnews/sbcounty/stories/PE_News_Local_D_brown02.3b483d7.html


Five deputies fire in gun battle that killed Soboba tribal member
http://www.pe.com/localnews/riverside/stories/PE_News_Local_D_sobobafolo10.3f00113.html


Ruling hands win to Rincon
http://www.nctimes.com/articles/2008/05/02/news/sandiego/nct017fed41f11a7b7e8825743c00694.txt


Artman leaves unfinished business at BIA
http://www.indianz.com/News/2008/008498.asp

Visitor center's plans opposed - History buffs fear remodel would hurt
Custer battle site
http://billingsgazette.net/articles/2008/05/02/news/state/29-visitorscenter.txt


Supreme Court must uphold tribal civil jurisdiction
http://citizen-times.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20080501/OPINION04/80429038/1007/COLUMNISTS


First Americans should finally get apology long owed to them
http://www.startribune.com/local/18436154.html

Woody and Wilcox contrite in radio return
http://www.adn.com/news/alaska/story/391784.html

Tribal Council member faces hearing
http://www.themorningsun.com/stories/041208/loc_tribal.shtml

Cibola County opposes Mount Taylor cultural listing
http://www.lcsun-news.com/ci_9109887

BLM rejects geothermal leases at sacred Mount Shasta
http://www.mtshastanews.com/articles/2008/04/30/news/08geo_denied.txt

Native Hawaiians blockade historic palace
http://www.cnn.com/2008/US/04/30/palace.takeover/

Donald Pelotte, first Indian bishop, resigns
http://www.indianz.com/News/2008/008492.asp

Editorial: Schwarzenegger's bad gaming deal
http://www1.pressdemocrat.com/article/20080430/WIRE/804300321/1043/OPINION03


Meskwaki Tribe Members Debate Casino Finances
http://www.kcrg.com/news/local/18436304.html

Senate confirms McSwain as director of IHS
http://www.indianz.com/News/2008/008467.asp

Analysis of Judge Rogers’ Dissent in MichGo v. Kempthorne
http://turtletalk.wordpress.com/2008/04/30/analysis-of-judge-rogers-dissent-in-michgo-v-kempthorne/


Navajo president pushes reduction of tribal lawmakers
http://www.lcsun-news.com/ci_9097494

For almost a century, the Navajo Nation has been left out of the
Colorado River water game. Now, they're ready to play their hand.
http://navajotimes.com/news/041708water.php

Editorial: Rebuild tribal-state relations in Maine
http://bangornews.com/news/t/viewpoints.aspx?articleid=163657

Video: ‘The Longest Walk’ strolls into Lawrence
http://www2.ljworld.com/videos/2008/apr/29/18306/

Gila resolution calls freeway path 'sacred land'
http://www.azcentral.com/news/articles/2008/04/29/20080429ar-gilariver0429.html


Judge holds hearing in Cobell trust fund case
http://www.indianz.com/News/2008/008434.asp

My Voice: Our first Americans are too often last by Sen. George McGovern
http://www.argusleader.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=2008804250321

Tribes aim to revive language
http://www.signonsandiego.com/news/metro/20080429-9999-1m29yuman.html

Snoqualmies banish eight, disenroll 60
http://seattletimes.nwsource.com/html/localnews/2004377888_snoqvote28m.html


Film on Navajo veterans uncovers painful past
http://navajotimes.com/news/050808vetfilm.php

Column: Native American or American Indian?
http://www.thenewstribune.com/news/columnists/zeeck/story/345670.html

Buffalo Requiem: Indian ceremony honors slaughtered bison
http://www.billingsgazette.net/articles/2008/04/16/news/state/18-requiem.txt


Hospital takeover concerns mount
http://www.tahlequahdailypress.com/local/local_story_115100626.html

Beach leaving Law and Order: SVU
http://www.winnipegfreepress.com/breakingnews/story/4163367p-4750680c.html


Run focuses on sacred sites in Americas - 7-MONTH JOURNEY: Group is
taking a special message from Alaska to Panama.
http://www.adn.com/life/story/392488.html

New look at turquoise treasures of the Aztecs
http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/life_and_style/court_and_social/article3872341.ece


Save water to avoid eating you neighbour
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/earth/main.jhtml?xml=/earth/2008/05/02/eaturney102.xml


Sequoyah Student Invited to National Leadership Conferences, Earns
Scholar Society Membership
http://www.cherokee.org/PressRoom/Story.aspx?ID=2567

Archaeologists still sifting through the sands of time
http://www.azstarnet.com/sn/northwest/236744.php

‘Chaco Rising’: public art for the ‘City of Vision’
http://www.observer-online.com/articles/2008/04/29/news/anews1.txt

Buried Dogs Were Divine "Escorts" for Ancient Americans
http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2008/04/080423-dog-burials.html

Tohono O'odham Restore San Xavier Farmland
http://www.kold.com/Global/story.asp?S=8232298&nav=menu86_2

Center studies clues to history - Crow Canyon enters phase 2 at Goodman
archaeological site
http://www.cortezjournal.com/asp-bin/article_generation.asp?article_type=news&article_path=/news/08/news080422_2.htm


Southwest tribes fight to halt new uranium mining
http://www.indiancountry.com/content.cfm?id=1096417110

Pictures in Nine Mile Canyon are worth more than a thousand words
http://www.sltrib.com/opinion/ci_8949882

Artifact looters ruin the wilderness experience for all of us
http://www.thespectrum.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20080416/OPINION/804160323


Longest Walkers declare opposition to Desert Rock
http://navajotimes.com/news/041008longestwalkers.php

Tonto Monument ruins yield fresh clues to ancient mystery
http://www.paysonroundup.com/section/localnews/story/33783

Elden Pueblo, where you can work alongside professional archaeologists.
http://www.ioanthem.com/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=185&Itemid=1


Tribes toss out members in high-stakes quarrel
http://www.sfgate.com/cgi-bin/article.cgi?f=/c/a/2008/04/19/MNJNVJC72.DTL


The Ghosts of Casa Grande
http://egan.blogs.nytimes.com/2008/04/09/the-ghosts-of-casa-grande/

Ancient Mariners Sailed Between Mexico and South America
http://www.sciam.com/podcast/episode.cfm?id=2AB9DADC-EF95-2483-46A5C1D78227344A&sc=rss


Vanished: A Pueblo Mystery
http://www.nytimes.com/2008/04/08/science/08anasazi.html?8dpc

Aztec arithmetic system discovered
http://www.upi.com/NewsTrack/Science/2008/04/04/aztec_arithmetic_system_discovered/9068/


Native American panel seeks timely Bolsa remains burial
http://www.presstelegram.com/news/ci_8966830

Board to rename Ariz. peak for fallen Native American G.I.
http://www.katu.com/news/17464574.html

Nomlaki donates $1M to officials - Senator's spokesman says money,
freeway renaming not related
http://www.redding.com/news/2008/apr/06/nomlaki/

Traditional foods gathered and cooked for project
http://www.cherokeephoenix.org/news/news.aspx?storyid=2845

Elders teach traditional foods
http://www.cherokeephoenix.org/news/news.aspx?storyid=2837

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Humor and non-Indian stuff:
___________________________


From my cousin Sally:

What, you ask, is "Butt dust?" Read on and you'll discover the joy in
it! These have to be original and genuine; no adult is this creative!!

JACK (age 3) was watching his Mom breast-feeding his new baby sister.
After a while he asked: "Mom, why have you got two? Is one for hot and
one for cold milk?"


STEVEN (age 3) hugged and kissed his Mom goodnight. "I love you so much,
that when you die I'm going to bury you outside my bedroom window."

BRITTANY (age 4) had an earache and wanted a painkiller. She tried in
vain t o take the lid off the bottle. Seeing her frustration, her Mom
explained it was a childproof cap and she'd have to open it for her.
Eyes wide with wonder, the little girl asked: "How does it know it's
me?"

SUSAN (age 4) was drinking juice when she got the hiccups. "Please don't
give me this juice again," she said, "It makes my teeth cough."

D.I (age 4) stepped onto the bathroom scale and asked: "How much do I
cost?"

MARC (age 4) was engrossed in a young couple that were hugging and
kissing in a restaurant. Without taking his eyes off them, he asked his
dad: "Why is he whispering in her mouth?"

CLAYTON (age 5) was in his bedroom looking worried. When his Mom asked
what was troubling him, he replied,
"I don't know what'll happen with this bed when I get married. How will
my wife fit in?"

JAMES (age 4) was listening to a Bible story. His dad read: "The man
named Lot was warned to take his wife and flee out of the city but his
wife looked back and was turned to salt Concerned, James asked: "What
happened to the flea?"

TAMMY (age
4) was with her mother when they met an elderly, rather wrinkled woman
her Mom knew. Tammy looked at her for a while and then asked, "Why
doesn't your skin fit your face?"

The Sermon: I think this Mom will never forget this particular Sunday
sermon.


"Dear Lord," the minister began, with arms extended toward heaven and a
rapturous look on his upturned face. "Without you, we are but dust." He
would have continued but at that moment my very obedient daughter (who
was listening!) leaned over to me and asked quite audibly in her shrill
little girl voice, "Mom, what is butt dust?

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Here are some random historical events for April:


April 1: 1880: Captain Eli Huggins, and Troop E, Second Cavalry,
from Fort Keogh, in east-central Montana, surprise a band of
"hostile" Sioux. During a brief battle, the soldiers capture
five Indians, forty-six horses, and some weapons. Lieutenant
John Coale, and Troop C, Second Cavalry, from Fort Custer, in
south-central Montana, has a skirmish with Sioux on O'Fallon's
Creek. One soldier is killed in the fighting. According to Army reports,
some of these Indians are believed to have been
involved in the theft of Crow Indian scout horses, from Fort
Custer, on March 24, 1880. For his part in cutting off the
Indians' herd of ponies through the use of "fearless exposure
and dashing bravery," Second Lieutenant Lloyd M. Brett is
awarded the Medal of Honor. Captain Huggins will also be
awarded the Medal of Honor for his actions in the fighting.


April 2: 1781: Established on the heights above the
Cumberland River, Fort Nashborough served as a central point
of defense for the settlers in the area which eventually
becomes Nashville, Tennessee. The fort is the scene of almost continuous
sniping by local Indians over a twenty-year period.
A Cherokee war party attempts to capture the fort. Using a
few exposed warriors as bait, they lure twenty woodsmen out
of the fort. The main body attacks the Europeans, killing five.
The fort lets loose a pack of hunting dogs which attack the
Cherokees. The surviving woodsmen make their escape while
the Cherokees fight off the dogs. This attack is the last
serious attack on the fort by the Cherokees.


April 3: 1975: Gerald Tailfeathers, a Blood from Alberta,
Canada is an accomplished artist. He dies on the Blood Reserve.


April 4: 1840: Comanche Chief Piava arranges an exchange of
two prisoners with the residents of San Antonio, Texas. Two
captives from each side are released.


April 5: 1879: Having been cast out of Little Wolf's Band of
Cheyenne for killing two of their fellow Northern Cheyenne, a
group of eight Indians are moving on their own. They attack a Sergeant,
and a Private, of the Second Cavalry, on Mizpah Creek.
The Sergeant is seriously wounded, and the Private is killed.


April 6: 572: Maya King Kan B'alam I (Great Sun Snake Jaguar)
takes the throne in Palenque, Mexico

See my photos of Palenque here:
http://americanindian.net/mayae.html
or
http://americanindian.net/mexico14.html




April 7: 1864: Colonel John Chivington, Commander of the
District of Colorado, reports to his supervisor, Major General
Samuel Curtis, that Cheyennes have stolen 175 cattle from a
ranch on the Smokey Hill stage coach route. An investigation, conducted
much later shows no proof the Indians are involved
in any such activity.


April 8: 1756: Governor Robert Morris declares war on the
Delaware and Shawnee Indians. As a part of his declaration,
he offers the following cash bounties: prisoners: men over
twelve = 150 Spanish pieces of eight, women or boys = 130;
scalps: men = 130, women and boys = 50. The bounty on scalps l
eads to the killing of many innocent Indians who are members
of neither tribe. The legislation for this is called "The
Scalp Act." Some sources list this happening on April 14th


April 9: 1830: After some "politicking," Greenwood le Flore
is elected as Chief of the Choctaw Nation, during a "rump"
council. Previously, there were three regional Chiefs. Le Flore
is in favor of selling the Choctaw lands, and moving to Indian Territory
(present day Oklahoma). Some sources state this
happens on March 16th.


April 10: 1837: As part of the treaty signed on March 6th,
the Seminoles are to report to Tampa Bay no later than today
for transport to the Indian Territory (present day Oklahoma).
Prior to today, General Jesup reneged on one of the provisions
of the treaty. He allowed whites to come among the Indians to
seek out blacks whom they claimed as runaway slaves. This
makes the Seminoles doubt if the United States will live up
to this agreement. Many of the Seminoles disappear into the woods.


April 11: 1873: Captain Jack and several of his warriors arrive
at the peace conference site between the lava beds and the
soldier's camp in northen California. The army is composed of
soldiers from the First Cavalry, Twelfth & Twenty-First Infantry, Fourth
Artillery and some Indian scouts . A little before noon, General Canby,
who convinced Manuelito and his Apache followers
to sign a peace treaty, and his peace commissioners arrive at
the meeting place. Canby says he wants to help the Modocs find
good land for a reservation. Captain Jack tells him he wants
land near the lava beds and Tule Lake. Captain Jack repeated
his request for the soldiers to be removed before they continue
their talks. Angry words are then passed between Schonchin John, Hooker
Jim and commissioner Alfred Meacham. General Canby says
that only the "Great Father in Washington" can order the
soldiers to leave. Captain Jack, again, repeats his demands
to be given lands nearby, and to do it today. Meacham tells
Canby to promise him the land. Captain Jack suddenly jumps up,
points his pistol at Canby and fires, mortally wounding Canby.
Boston Charley shoots, and kills, commissioner Reverend Eleazar Thomas.
The other commissioners escape. Six soldiers are also
killed. Two officers, thirteen soldiers and two civilians are
wounded during the fighting which lasts until April 26th.


April 12: 1676: As a part of King Philip's War, 500 Indians
attack Sudbury, Massachusetts. Most of the settlers escape into
fortified structures. The Indians burn many of the outlying
buildings. Hearing of the attack, three relief forces consisting
of a total of approximately 100 men from Concord, Watertown,
and Marlborough, converge on the settlement. In one battle, the Indians
start grass fires to strike at the Europeans. At least,
thirty whites are killed in the fighting, and much of the town
is destroyed before the Indians withdraw.


April 13: 1940: The Assistant Secretary of the Interior approves
an election for amendments to the Constitution of the Tuolumne
Band of Me-Wok Indians of the Tuolumne Rancheria; the Kashia
Band of Pomo Indians of the Stewarts Point Rancheria; AND, the
Tule River Indian Tribe.


April 14: 1665: A deed for Indian land is registered in New
England. It says, "articles of agreement, and a firme bargaine
agreed and confirmed between the Sachem of Setaucet, Warawakmy
by name."


April 15: 1715: Many European settlers have moved onto Yamassee
lands without permission. The Yamassee have also been cheated
by many traders. The British authorities have ignored almost
all of the Yamassees complaints. Yamassee Indians attack
settlements near the southeastern Georgia-South Carolina
boundary. Several hundred settlers are killed. Among the dead
are Indian Agent Thomas Naire and trader William Bray who has
been engaged in a conference at the Indian village of
Pocotaligo. Bray had settled, without permission, on Yamassee
lands and established a trading post. After amassing debts,
which they can not pay, Bray suggested the Yamassee pay their
debts by giving him slaves from other Indian tribes. This
slave trade, and Bray's habit of capturing Indians and selling
them as slaves, is a significant factor in the war.


April 16: 1519: According to some sources, after landing on
the Mexican mainland, Hernán Cortés and his army start their
travels toward Tenochtitlán (modern Mexico City).


April 17: 1528: Panfilo de Narvaez begins his exploration of
Florida by coming ashore near Tampa Bay. He visits an Indian
house which is big enough to hold 300 people, in his opinion.
He also finds a "rattle" made of gold in the abandoned house.
The discovery of gold spurs Narvaez onward across Florida.


April 18: 1879: After the Custer disaster, the U.S. government
decides to punish the plains Indians. While the Poncas have no
part in the Custer battle, the have erroneously been placed in
a reservation with the Sioux. When it is decided to force the
Sioux to go to Indian Territory (present day Oklahoma), the
Poncas are ordered to go as well. Many Poncas start to walk
back to their old reservation from Indian Territory. Eventually, General
George Crook sympathizes with the Poncas and one of
their Chiefs, Standing Bear. Seeking public support to avoid
being ordered to send Standing Bear back to Indian Territory,
General Crook contacts the press about the Poncas' plight.
Many editorials are written in support of the Poncas, and
several lawyers volunteer their services for free. Judge Elmer
Dundy, with Crook's blessing, issues a writ of habeas corpus
to the General to produce the Poncas and show why he is
holding them. A U.S. District Attorney argues that the Poncas
can not be served a writ because they have no legal standing,
or are not recognized as people, under the law. On this date
the tribe begins to determine if Indians, and particularly
Standing Bear, are people under U.S. laws and can enjoy
constitutional rights and privileges. The judge eventually
rules Standing Bear is indeed a person and can not be
ordered to a reservation against his will. While this decision
seems to prevent keeping any Indians on any particular
reservation against their will, the eventual course of the
U.S. Government is to say the ruling applied only to Standing
Bear, and to no one else.


April 19: 1735: A force of eighty French and over 200 Indian
warriors start a four day attack on a Sauk and Fox village on
the Mississippi River near the Des Moines River. The expedition
led by Captain Nicolas de Noyelles, is not prepared for siege
warfare and they abandon the attack.


April 20: 1865: As a part of the investigation into the Sand
Creek massacre (November 29, 1864) , Lt. James Olney appears
before the commission at Fort Lyon, Colorado. He testifies he witnessed
a specific incident of brutality. "…Three squaws and
five children, prisoners in charge of some soldiers; that,
while they were being conducted along, they were approached
by Lieutenant Harry Richmond, of the third Colorado cavalry;
that Lieutenant Richmond thereupon immediately killed and
scalped the three women and the five children while they
(prisoners) were screaming for mercy; while the soldiers in
whose charge the prisoners were shrank back, apparently aghast."


April 21: 1869: Donehogawa (Ely Samuel Parker) is the first
Indian appointed to be Commissioner of Indian Affairs.
Donehogawa, a Seneca Iroquois, is trained as a lawyer and a
civil engineer. Unable to find work in the white world,
Donehogawa contacts his old friend Ulysses Grant. Grant makes
him an aide, and they work together through much of the Civil
War. Because of his excellent penmanship, Donehogawa draws
up the surrender papers for Lee to sign at Appomattox.
Promoted to Brigadier General, Ely Parker worked to settle
many conflicts between whites and Indians. After Grant becomes
President, he is appointed as Indian Commissioner on this date.


April 22: 1877: Two Moons, Hump, and 300 other Indians
surrender to Colonel Nelson Miles. Most of the rest of Crazy
Horse's followers surrender on May 6, 1877 at the Red Cloud,
and Spotted Tail agencies.


April 23: 906: Uxmal is a Maya ruin in the Yucatan peninsula
of Mexico. A dedication ceremony is held for one of the
buildings, according to an inscription in the building.

See my photos of Uxmal here:
http://americanindian.net/mayac.html



April 24: 1885: The Fish Creek fight takes place between
Canadian forces under Major General Frederick Dobson Middleton
and 150 Metis under Gabriel Dumont. This is one of the more significant
fights of the "Riel Rebellion."


April 25: 1541: Coronado leaves Alcanfor en route to Quivira.
While in Quivira, Coronado killed many of the inhabitants of
Tiguex Pueblo.


April 26: 1872: Captain Charles Meinhold, and Troop B, Third
Cavalry, encounter an Indian war party on the South Fork of
the "Loup" River, Nebraska. A fight ensues, in which, three
Indians are killed. Scout William F. "Buffalo Bill" Cody,
Sergeant John H. Foley, Privates William Strayer and Leroy
Vokes will be given the Medal of Honor for "gallantry in
action" during this engagement.


April 27: 1877: General George Crook contacts Red Cloud with
a message for Crazy Horse. Crook promises that if Crazy Horse
surrenders, he will get a reservation in the Powder River
area. On this date, Red Cloud delivers the message to Crazy
Horse. Crazy Horse agrees and heads to Fort Robinson, in
northwestern Nebraska, where he surrenders to the U.S. Army.

See my photos of Fort Robinson here:
http://americanindian.net/2003p.html




April 28: 1882: The Mi’kmaq Membertou First Nation reserve
of Caribou Marsh is established in Nova Scotia.


April 29: 1700: Pierre le Moyne d'Iberville visits a Pascagoula
Indian village, one day's walk from the French post at Biloxi.
The Pascagoulas have been hit hard by disease brought by the Europeans.
D'Iberville is impressed by the beauty of the
Pascagoula women.


April 30: 1598: Don Juan de Oñate claims all lands in modern
New Mexico, including those of the resident Pueblos, for
Spain. The event known as "La Toma" takes place near San
Elizario.


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That's it for now.

Have a great month.

Phil Konstantin
http://americanindian.net


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End of Phil Konstantin's May 2008 Newsletter
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Four of the five books I have worked on. I either wrote, co-wrote, or contributed to each of these beeks

This is the cover to my first book. 
Click here to got more info, or to order a copy. Click on the cover to order a copy or to get more info.
This Day in North American Indian History
This Day in North American Indian History is a one-of-a-kind, vastly entertaining and informative book covering over 5000 years of North American Indian history, culture, and lore. Wide-ranging, it covers over 4,000 important events involving the native peoples of North America in a unique day-by-day format.

The thousands of entries in This Day in North American Indian History weave a compelling and comprehensive mosaic of North American Indian history spanning more than five millennia-every entry an exciting opening into the fascinating but little- known history of American Indians.

Over 100 photographs and illustrations - This book has 480 pages, weighs 2.2 pounds and is 8" by 9.5" in size. The Dates, Names and "Moons" section of these pages are based on the book.

This is the cover to my 4th book. 
Click here to got more info, or to order a copy or to get more info.
This is the cover to my 4th book. Click here to got more info, or to order a copy or to get more info."


Native American History For Dummies

I wrote six of the twenty-four chapters in this book. I am credited with being the technical editor. Book Description:
Native American History For Dummies introduces readers to the thousand-year-plus history of the first inhabitants of North America and explains their influence on the European settlement of the continent. Covering the history and customs of the scores of tribes that once populated the land, this friendly guide features vivid studies of the lives of such icons as Pocahontas, Sitting Bull, and Sacagawea; discusses warfare and famous battles, offering new perspectives from both battle lines; and includes new archaeological and forensic evidence, as well as oral histories that show events from the perspective of these indigenous peoples. The authors worked in concert with Native American authorities, institutions, and historical experts to provide a wide range of insight and information.
This is the cover to my 3rd book. 
Click here to got more info, or to order a copy or to get more info.
This is the cover to my 3rd book. Click here to got more info, or to order a copy or to get more info
Treaties With American Indians I wrote an article and several appendix items for this book.
Clips from a review on Amazon.com: *Starred Review* In the 93 years from 1778 until 1871, there were more than 400 treaties negotiated by Indian agents and government officials. Editor Fixico and more than 150 contributors have crafted a three volume comprehensive tool that will soon become essential for anyone interested in the topic. A resource section with lists of ?Alternate Tribal Names and Spellings,? ?Tribal Name Meanings,? (<---- I wrote this part) Treaties by Tribe,? and ?Common Treaty Names? and a bibliography and comprehensive index are repeated in each volume. This impressive set has a place in any academic library that supports a Native American studies or American history curriculum. It is the most comprehensive source of information on Canadian-Indian treaties and U.S.-Indian treaties. Also available as an e-book.

"The Wacky World of Laws"
It was just released in May 2009.
The Wacky World of Laws. Click on the cover to order a copy or to get more info.

The Wacky World of Laws is a compilation of U.S. and International Laws that are out of the ordinary. With the U.S. churning out 500,000 new laws every year and 2 million regulations annually, this book is the ideal go-to book fro everyone who wants a good laugh at the expense of our legal system. Law so often can be boring! Now with The Wacky World of Laws, you can be the hit of any water cooler conversation, and amaze your friends with precious legal nuggets.

I wrote most of this book. It is my fifth book.


(copyright, © Phil Konstantin, 2010)






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