May 2006 Newsletter from
"This Day in North American Indian History"
by Phil Konstantin
Copyright © Phil Konstantin (1996-2006)

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Start of Phil Konstantin's May 2006 Newsletter - Part 1


I hope things are going well with you. I am doing fairly well.

I had a good time at the San Diego State University Powwow
last month. I was scheduled to be the California state
flagbearer. Unfortunately, no one could find a California
state flag. So, I took pictures for the Native American
Student Alliance (N.A.S.A.). I have posted the pictures I
took on the following website. FYI, each powwow is a little
different from each other. Picture-taking was allowed at this
powwow if it was of groups. Individual's photos required
their approval. All of the photos on this page met those
requirements. I have not really edited the website yet.
It is just a long series of photos.


I made a very quick trip (4 days) through southern Utah and
Mesa Verde in Colorado in late April. I literally took 1,100
photos while in the area. These include lots of petroglyphs
(rock art) in Nine Mile Canyon and Newspaper Rock, and of
the ancient structures at Mesa Verde. I traveled with the
Nez family. The two children had a great time. Shandiin
(Navajo, loosely translated as 'sunshine') really seemed to
soak up quite a bit by her surroundings, even though she is
only five. You can see my pictures at this page:

or from the link on my website's main page.


For those of you who read the most recent newsletters, Joe
RedCloud is doing much better. We are all thankful for his improvements.


Tomorrow, my youngest daughter Sarah (and I) will be walking
in a fund-raising event for the Arthritis Foundation. Sarah,
who is only 24, has arthritis. There is still time for you
to donate. A $1 donation would be appreciated! Thank you to
those of you who have chipped in a dollar. You can help out
by using the address below:


I'm sending this out a bit short. I will add the usual
newspaper articles, notices stories and other items tomorrow.

Stay safe,



The Link Of The Month for May 2006 is the "National Lewis &
Clark Bicentennial Commemoration" website. It has tons of
information of the 200 anniversary of this event. Many of
the contributions have been made from the American Indian
point of view. It is a well designed website, and is well
worth a visit.


The Treaty of the Month for May 2006 is the TREATY WITH

May 20, 1842. | 7 Stat., 586. | Proclamation. Aug 26, 1842.

It includes such stipulations as: "Indenture between Ogden
and Fellows and the Seneca Indians. United States agree to
said indenture. Indians who remove under treaty of April 4,
1840, entitled to benefits thereof."

You can read a transcipt of the treaty at:


Here are some random historical events for May:

May 1, 1637: After numerous incidents, and incursions on
both sides, English settlers in Connecticut declare war on
the Pequot Indians. Most of the fighting take places in
Connecticut and Massachusetts.

May 2, 1670: King Charles of England gives all trade rights
to "all the Landes Countreyes and Territoryes upon the
Coastes and Confynes of the Seas" lying within the Hudson
Strait to the Hudson’s Bay Company. This monopoly remains
in effect until 1859.

May 3, 490: Maya Lord Kan - Xul I (King K'an Joy Chitam I)
is born, according to some sources. Eventually, he rules
over Palenque, Mexico.

Photos of Palenque can be found at my pages here:    &

May 4, 1805: The Pascagoula, and the Biloxi, Indians sell
their lands along the Gulf Coast to "Miller and Fulton."
Miller and Fulton are among the first settlers in the
Rapides Parish area. The documents, signed by six Indians,
are confirmed. The Pascagoulas move to the Red River area.

May 5, 1800: William Augusta Bowles is an adventurer in
the southeastern part of the United States. With Creek and
Cherokee supporters, he proclaims a new nation, Muscogee,
out of lands claimed by Spain along the Gulf coast, with
himself as "Director-General". Bowles declares war on Spain,
and begins a campaign against their outposts in his "nation."
Some sources list this as happening on April 5, 1800.

May 6, 1626: The Purchase of Manhattan takes place. The
Shinnecock or Canarsee Indians, according to which source
you believe, sell it to Peter Minuit.

May 7, 1877: Colonel Nelson Miles, and his force of four
Cavalry Troops, and six Infantry Companies, finds Lame Deer,
and his followers on the Muddy Creek, near the Rosebud. Nelson surprises
the village with a charge. Lame Dear, and Iron Star,
parley with Miles about a peaceful settlement, but after
they return, fight erupts, again. The battle continues, and
proceeds toward the Rosebud River. Lame Deer, Iron Star,
and twelve other Indians are killed. Four soldiers are
killed. Lt. Alfred M. Fuller, and six soldiers are wounded.
Almost 450 mounts are seized. The camp supplies, and many
lodges are also captured. Corporal Harry Garland and
Private William Leonard, Company L, and Private Samuel
Phillips, Company H, Second Cavalry, will win the
Congressional Medal of Honor for "gallantry in action" as
a part of today's battle. Company L First Sergeant Henry
Wilkens, and Farrier William H. Jones, will also be
awarded the Medal of Honor for their gallantry in today's
battle, and for actions against the Nez Perce on August
20, 1877.

May 8, 1725: In one of the last battles of Lovewell’s or
Father Rasle’s War, Pigwacket Indians defeat a British
army under Captain John Lovewell at Fryeburg, Maine.

May 9, 1885: Today through the 12th, events in the Second
Riel Rebellion take place in Canada. Major General Frederick
Middleton and a force of 800 soldiers attack the Metis and
Cree holding the village of Batoche. The fighting continues
through the 12th until the soldiers finally overrun Batoche.

May 10, 1869: One of the most devastating events in the
lives of the plains Indians is the crossing of their lands
by the railroads. The railroads bring settlers, hunters,
and separate the buffalo herds.The "iron horses" of the
Central Pacific and the Union Pacific meet at Promontory
Point, Utah, completing the first cross continental
railroad in the United States.

May 11, 1968: The Constitution of the Indians of the Tulalip
Tribes in Washington is modified.

May 12, 1860: A battle in the Paiute War takes place in
Nevada at Big Bend in the valley of the Truckee River. Major
William Ormsby’s Nevada militia are attacked by Paiutes under
war Chief Numaga.

May 13, 1614: The Viceroy of Mexico finds Spanish Explorer
Juan de Ońate guilty of atrocities against the Indians of
New Mexico. As a part of his punishment, he is banned from
entering New Mexico again.

May 14, 1832: Near the Kyte River, Major Isaiah Stillman,
and 275 soldiers are patrolling the area, on the lookout
for Black Hawk. Weary of fighting, Black Hawk sends a few
representatives to Stillman's camp to negotiate the
surrender of his four dozen warriors. When the soldiers
fire on Black Hawk's representatives, a few manage to
escape. With the soldiers in pursuit, Black Hawk sets up
an ambush. Becoming confused by the sudden attack,
Stillman's troop panick and flee the area. Eleven soldiers,
and three Indians are killed in the fighting. However,
the soldiers report a massacre of troops. The "battle"
is called "Stillman's Run."

May 15, 1846: A treaty is signed by Texas Governor Pierce
Butler, and Colonel M.G. Lewis (Meriwether Lewis' brother),
and sixty-three Indians of the Aionai, Anadarko, Caddo,
Comanche, Kichai (Keehy), Lepan (Apache), Longwha,
Tahuacarro (Tahwacarro), Tonkawa, Waco, Wichita and
tribes. It is ratified on February 15, 1847, and signed
by President Polk on March 8, 1847.

May 16, 1760: Creek warrior Chief Hobbythacco (Handsome
Fellow) has often supported the English, but, at the outbreak
of the Cherokee war, he decides to support the Cherokees. He
leads an attack on a group of English traders in Georgia.
Thirteen of the traders are killed during the fighting.
Creek Chief "The Mortar" also participates in the fighting.

May 17, 1629: According to a deed, Sagamore Indians,
including Passaconaway, sell a piece of land in what becomes
Middlesex County, Massachusetts.

May 18, 1661: Captain John Odber is order by the Maryland
General Assembly to take fifty men and go to the
"Susquesahannough Forte." According to a treaty signed on
May 16th, Maryland is required to help protect the
Susquehannocks from raids by the Seneca. Odber’s force is
to fulfill that part of the treaty.

May 19, 1796: Congress passes "An Act Making Appropriations
for Defraying the Expenses Which May Arise in Carrying into
Effect a Treaty Made Between the United States and Certain
Indian Tribes, Northwest of the River Ohio."

May 20, 698: As part of a series of attacks on neighboring
cities in Guatemala, Maya warriors from Naranjo attack
Kinichil Kab'

May 21, 1877: In retaliation for the Custer defeat, the
Sioux and Ponca are ordered to go to a new reservation in
Indian Territory (present day Oklahoma). The Poncas have
nothing to do with the war, and they continue their
complaints about the bureaucratic error which places them
on a reservation with the Sioux in the first place. The
government does not bend, and the Ponca begin their march
to Indian Territory.

May 22, 1851: As one of the last conflicts in the "Mariposa
Indian Wars" in California, a large group of Yosemite Indians
are captured at Lake Tenaija.

May 23, 1873: The Northwest Mounted Police is founded. One
of the main reasons for its creation is the problems being
fomented by Americans selling alcohol to Canadian Indians.
This organization eventually becomes the Royal Canadian
Mounted Police.

May 24, 1539: Mexican Viceroy Don Antonio de Mendoza has
decided to send an expedition to search for wealthy cities
north of Mexico. On March 7, 1539, Friar Marcos de Niza
started the expedition from Culiacan. Accordiong to Niza’s
journal, he finally sees Cibola, although he never sets
foot in the pueblo. His report will lead to future expeditions
looking for the "Seven Cities of Gold."

May 25, 1673: At the site of modern Niles, Michigan, the
British erected Fort St. Joseph. Its garrison of sixteen men,
led by Ensign Francis Schlosser, is attacked by a large
Potawatomi war party. Only Schlosser and three other men
survive the attack. The British are later traded for
Potawatomi prisoners in Detroit.

May 26, 1540: The "Lady of Cofitachequi" has been taken
with the de Soto expedition, against her will. With a large
quantity of the pearls that de Soto's men took from her
village, she escapes.

May 27, 1763: Fort Miami is located at the site of modern
Fort Wayne, Indiana. It is garrisoned by twelve British
soldiers, led by Ensign Robert Holmes. Pontiac's rebellion
has started, and the Ensign is convinced to leave the Fort
by his Miami Indian girlfriend. Miami warriors kill the
Ensign, and a Sergeant who leaves to Fort to look for the
Ensign. The Miamis demand the surrender of the remaining
soldiers. To drive home their point, they throw the head
of Ensign Holmes into the fort. The soldiers surrender,
and all but one are eventually killed.

May 28, 1830: Andrew Jackson, called "Sharp Knife" by
the Indians, has long fought the Indians of the southeast.
He believes that the Indians and white settlers will not be
able to peacefully live together. His solution to this is
to renege on all of the previous treaties, which granted
the Indians their lands forever, and to move all Indians
west of the Mississippi River. Jackson makes this proposal
to Congress during his First Congressional speech on
December 8, 1829. Congress makes the proposal into a law
on this date.

May 29, 1980: Department of the Interior Field Solicitor
Elmer Nitzschke, states the Mille Lacs Reservation Business
Committee has the right to control the Sandy Lakes Indian
Reservation in Minnesota. The Sandy Lakes Band of Ojibwe,
which lives on the reservation, feels they should have
control of the reservation.

May 30, 1851: A treaty is signed by Kko-ya-te and Wo-a-si,
in California.

May 31, 1796: The Treaty of the Seven Tribes of Canada is
signed by three Chiefs at New York City. The tribes give up
all claims to lands in New York, except six square miles in
Saint Regis. They are paid 1233 pounds, six shillings, and
eight pence now, and 213 pounds, six shillings, eight pence
annually, if five more Chiefs show up and sign the treaty.


That's it for now.

Have a great month.

Phil Konstantin

End of Phil Konstantin's May 2006 Newsletter - Part 1
Start of Phil Konstantin's May 2006 Newsletter - Part 2


Well, I am back again with more articles, notices & links.

Yesterday, my youngest daughter Sarah (and I) participated
in a fund-raising event for the Arthritis Foundation. Sarah,
who is only 24, has arthritis. There is still time for you
to donate. A $1 donation would be appreciated! Thank you to
those of you who have chipped in a dollar (or more).
You can help out by using the address below:


Stay safe,




Andre Cramblit puts out an very informative e-mail newsletter.
You can sign up for it at by looking up:

This is an article he wrote. I am posting it with his permission.

From: andre cramblit
Subject: AB 2665

California Indian Education Commission:

Here is my own (PERSONAL) response to the Goldberg (California
AB 2665) Indian Education Commission Bill. The entire Bill can
be found @:

I encourage you to look at this Bill carefully. All in all
it is a good initial concept, but I think it is being
submitted far too early and with out enough clarity to
ensure adequate controls, community discussion or steady
funding for long-term stability.

I am concerned how much power it puts into an independent
agency. I am not implying that Natives do not have the
capability to administer programs in our own best interests;
in fact I am a staunch supporter of Tribal Sovereignty. This
Bill puts Indian Education in California in the hands of 13 individuals
with unknown personal and political agendas.

The way the Commission is proposed leaves several issues
unanswered for me:

Why do we need the state to authorize and fund what is
basically a Private Foundation or non-profit corporation to
go out and seek funds? What other Foundation is authorized
and financed by the State? If Natives in California need
a foundation then they should form one (with a fair
contribution coming from CNIGA).

Why should the California Department of Education (CDE)
and other appropriate agencies not maintain administrative
oversight of programs supported by the Tax Payer?

This Bill makes no clear provision for representing the
Urban Native population. There are five representatives to
the Commission appointed by Tribes and one each representing
an accredited Tribal College (of which there are none now),
CSU, UC, Community Colleges, CDE AIEC, BIA, and Title VII.
This could well serve to disenfranchise the majority of
Natives who come from tribes outside of California. The
Bill cites the statistic that California has the largest
population of American Indians in the Nation, many of them
are here as a result of reallocation policies of the Federal Government.

If an 'Advisory Council on Indian Education was established
within the CDE for the purpose of providing educational recommendations,
but is no longer functioning' why do we not
just revive it? That would be much simpler, less costly and
wouldn't even need an assembly bill.

The Bill states, 'American Indian pupils deserve additional
and appropriate support to meet the challenges of the No
Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (20 U.S.C. Sec. 6301 et seq.)
in a manner consistent with tribal traditions, languages,
and cultures.' I agree, but it is the Feds that implemented
and under funded NCLB. How is a California Commission going
to impact this? And what will be the purpose when NCLB is
gone in a few years?

The bill enables the Commission to 'Formalize the
government-to-government relationship between the state
and California's tribes and expand the relationships with any
entities that serve American Indian pupils.' I believe this
should be left to the Tribal governments not a Commission.
This will be a detriment to true government-to-government relationships
by putting in place an intermediary body
between the Governor's Office and the duly elected Tribal
Council. 13 Commissioners cannot, nor should not, try to
represent the 109 Federally recognized tribes in California.

One of the Commission members is 'A representative of the
department, whose background includes vocational and early
childhood education and who is appointed by the
Superintendent.' Why just those specific areas? Why not
Higher Education, American Indian Education, Evaluation
Design, Curriculum Development or any of the other fields
that are also critical for Native student success.

The Bill mentions Public Hearings but has held none so far
in regard to the creation of this Commission. It has not been
done in consultation with Tribes, or Native Organizations as
far as I am aware. What is the rush? Take it to the people
for input to make sure this is the best approach available.

The Bill discusses the importance of Tribal Languages, but
has no specifics about approaches, funding sources or
curriculum to support languages. There are no linguists that
are associated with advising the board. As there are over
100 Native languages spoken in California this could be an
issue that consumes many resources.

I agree with many of the tenets outlined within the Bill. I
just do not see how a Commission is the most efficient way
of accomplishing that. The Commission, as proposed, is too
vaguely defined and given far too broad of authority to
oversee what it sounds like can be just about anything they
choose to define as being related to Indian Education. We
do not need another state boondoggle*, we need to effectively
use the resources currently available and hold the state
and federal government accountable to their treaty, trust
and moral obligations to Native Americans. The money that
would be used in creating, staffing and operating this
Commission could be best put into funding existing programs
and services to make a more direct, immediate, impact on
Native students. Another bureaucratic and potentially overt
political body is not the panacea for the educational
issues in the Native Community.

I welcome your replies.
Andre P. Cramblit

andre. p. cramblit. 86 @ alum.    (delete the spaces)

* From The Oxford English Dictionary:
boondoggle : noun
1) work or activity that is wasteful or pointless but gives
the appearance of having value : writing off the cold fusion phenomenon
as a boondoggle best buried in literature.
2) a public project of questionable merit that typically
involves political patronage and graft: they each drew $600,000 in the
final months of the great boondoggle.
verb [ intrans. ]
waste money or time on such projects.
ORIGIN 1930s: of unknown origin.

Andre's comments were regarding the bill mentioned in this message:

May 2, 2006

TO:     Tribal Governments and Community
FROM:   Hon. Jackie Goldberg, Chair
        Assembly Committee on Education
RE:     Invitation to discussion on AB 2665 and AB 2666:
        Southern California

I have introduced two bills on the subject of American Indian
education, AB 2665 and AB 2666.

Assembly Bill 2665 would establish the American Indian
Education Commission comprised of both tribal and state
stakeholders. The idea behind the commission is that it
would provide a platform to identify needs in American
Indian education based on empirical data and, subsequently,
develop comprehensive American Indian education policy.
American Indians currently do not have a seat at the table
relative to state education and this would provide several.

AB 2666 provides that a student in higher education who can demonstrate
that he or she is a member of a tribal entity is
entitled to resident classification for purposes of fees.
Peer support networks for American Indians on university
campuses are suffering because of record lows in Indian
enrollment, thus retention programs cannot meet their goals.
The nonresident fee waiver seeks to partially build-up
campus Indian communities so that California Indian
students, and non-California Indian students will have a
peer support network to help them navigate their way
through our universities.

I am committed to working with tribal governments and
community members to further develop these bills so that
it continues to receive support and to ensure that its
design will truly benefit American Indian students. There
seems to be an assumption that these bills are a final
version, but this is simply untrue. I respectfully ask
for your attendance at a meeting to discuss both measures,
provide clarification, and hear concerns.

The Morongo Band of Mission Indians has graciously offered
to host the southern California meeting to discuss the

Northern/Central California:         Southern

Thursday, May 11, 2006 at 11:00am   Friday, May 19, 2006 at 2:00pm
     At                              At                                  
California State Capitol Room 437   Morongo Community Center
Sacramento, CA 95814                13000 Fields Road
10th Street and Capitol Mall        Fields Road exit I-10


Here is another comment about the subject:

Honorable Jackie Goldberg, Chair May 2, 2006
California State Assembly Committee on Education
1020 N Street Room 159
Sacramento, CA. 95814
(916) 319-2087 (p)
(916) 319-2187 (f)

Re:AB 2665 (California American Indian Education Commission)

Honorable Chairwomen Goldberg:

This is my second response to AB 2665. As proposed, this
bill does not come close to representing the best interests
of native students, native communities and especially
Tribal Nations in California. In the native community
there is a general “way” (rules) that is followed and I’m
sure that this “way” applies in your political circle as
well. That “way” that I speak of is that you must involve
the people who are being affected, garner their support
or it won’t work. In my most humble opinion, this most
challenging task of involving all of the Indian Education
Centers (31), Indian education leaders, native parents
and tribes has not been accomplished, or there wouldn’t
be such criticism of your legislation.

I want to make another comment on communication. I read Mr.
Andre Cramblit’s open personal response to AB 2665, and have
agreed with the points that he has made. I have also read
your response to Mr. Cramblit’s points regarding AB 2665
through your legislative staffer, Mr. Curtis Notsinneh’s.
I hope when you respond back to me that I, nor other tribal
leaders will not be “put-down” as you have “put-down” Mr.
Cramblit. I have known Mr. Cramblit for over 20 years and
consider him a leader in Indian education. The comments on
Gaming Tribes should have been qualified before making
such accusations. For example, my tribe, which has a
Casino, supports Indian education and has empowered Local
Indians For Education, Inc. to contract dollars from the
Federal Even Start Program to provide services in part of
our Ancestral Territories to our tribal citizens. Without
going any further, I am confident that this communication
mistake won’t happen again and I would say that Mr. Cramblit
deserves an apology, or at least another response that’s not
so condescending.

I’m not convinced of the make-up of the California American
Indian Education Commission. My main concern lies primarily
with the mention of Government-to-Government Relationship
that the Commission proposes to enjoy. I’m sure that this
Commission, as proposed, cannot engage in Government-to-
Government Relationship like a sovereign tribe. All in all,
I think the Commission needs more vision as to what the
intent is. To me, the intent of this bill is stabilizing
and protecting the Indian Education Centers and the services
that they provide to the students, parents and families.
Below are suggestions to consider:


•It is crucial to delay current California Legislative
Committees from pressing AB 2665 forward without the
considerations of all the California American Indian
Educations Centers input, since it directly affects them.
Therefore, in the next six to nine months setting statewide
hearings that contain reasonable and respectable timelines
that will foster dialogue and inclusion of all those being
affected and all those who have solutions to those issues
that come about when working on such visions.

•Reinstate the existing “Advisory Council of Indian
Education”. This would eliminate the make up of the current
Commission and give the Advisory Council of Indian Education
an opportunity to engage in the current issues being raised
in the State of Indian Education Centers in California now.

•Create a Joint/Tribal/Community Education Leader Ad-Hoc
Study Team. This team would review existing Indian education
legislation, devise and implement a plan to coordinate
comprehensive delivery of services among the 31 State of
California Indian Education Centers and the BIA tribally-
controlled school programs. Also, work closely with Title
VII, JOM, ECE, Charter Schools and other public education
entities to ensure an inclusive Indian education vision
(Advisory Council of California Indian Policy, September,

•Strongly consider taking out the Tribal Regional
Representatives on the proposed Commission. This would
eliminate trying to create a Commission that will try and have
Government-to-Government Relations.

•If considerations of Tribal Regional Representative continues,
then perhaps the Commission could enjoy such close privileges
of Government-to-Government Relations by obtaining tribal
resolutions from those tribes who may choose to empower a
Commission in contracting their federal education dollars
and then the Commission would be empowered to provide
educational services to those tribal citizens in which they
have resolutions to provide services for. However, it may
be difficult to get all tribes on board and could prove
difficult for the Commission to carry out.

•Replace Tribal Regional Representatives on the Commission
and place native people from each area in its place. The
native people from each area could be tribal people who are
concerned about Indian Education Centers and already promote
and care about Indian Education. The native people who
belong to that region that will have a seat could vote the Commissioner
in. This would eliminate the issues of the
Commission proposing to conduct Government-to-Government
Relationships as well.

•Replace Tribal Regional Representatives on the Commission
with a representative who is voted on by the boards of
directors of each Indian Education Center from those proposed
regions? This would eliminate the issues of the Commission
proposing to conduct Government-to-Government Relationships.

•Encouraged Tribal Nations to participate in the California
American Indian Education Centers by creating Guiding
Priorities on Indian education for the whole of California so
that the Indian Education Centers can incorporate those Tribal Education
Priorities into their goals, objectives and

As a parent involved in my local Indian Education Programs
(Title VII Indian Education Program – Parent Chair, AB 1544
American Indian Early Childhood Education Program – Parent
Committee & CIEC Local Indians For Education, Inc. – Board
of Director, and Pitt River Tribe Indian Education), I’m
concerned of the strong language put in AB 2665 and how it
might affect these programs and their activities. This
legislation is out-of-sight – out-of-mind with the other
Indian Education Programs and no one I’ve talked with knew
that this bill was being introduced. Also, the bill makes no provisions
for representing the Urban Native population or non-federally recognized
tribes. It is imperative that this
and future Indian education legislation be designed by or
work in close consultation with Indian educators, Indian
parents, Indian community and tribal leaders. Besides,
the proposed Commission has too much power and its whole
structure and process needs work. Please respond back at
your earliest convenience. I can also be reached by email:
hestum @, or write to the above address or leave
me a message at the Tribal Office.

Coming From A Space Of Respect,

Radley Davis, Illmawi Tribal Councilman
Pitt River Nation
Cc: open letter – permission to distribute


I received this article from the Native American Student
Alliance. I am passing it along for you to make up your own mind.

My Friends-This story needs to be told-Jacki

His meeting w/ Fed Agent might be over by now, but I believe
we still need to let as many people as possible know what
happened. Thank you.
If you can, send this out to everyone you know. It happened in
TX, but can happen anywhere. Please contact any government official you
can regarding this travesty.
Please send up smoke in support of this person.
Write this person & let him know he's not alone. thank you.

Dear Friends:
I have an urgent prayer request.
As you know, there are many things in our culture sacred to
us. One is the circle we form when we have powwows.

The things we do within it are done with great respect and
reverence. Some of the objects we wear in our outfits are
treated with great respect and honor and we cherish the honor
of having them.

One is the eagle feathers that have been passed to us as
reminders of who we are as Native people. We treat our eagle
feathers with great respect and take care of them. Well, this
has been a battle from the beginning. Today the federal
government controls who may & may not have eagle feathers. It
sets its rules & regulations to restrict us, as Native
Americans, from using them in a good and sacred way.

Well, in spite of a good powwow, we had a big problem. Saturday
afternoon, my brother in law was called outside the circle
by what he thought was a tourist with a question. It was a
Federal agent who started to harass him and eventually took
away his bustle.

As this was happening, I came out and he started harassing me
about my roach feathers and told me (without showing proof) he
was a Fed Agent, to take my feathers off and give them to him.

I asked 4 times for proof he was a Fed agent, but in the
process he continued harassing, threatening and telling me 'I
can do this the easy way or the hard way'.

He threatened to arrest me if I didn't give him my roach
feathers. After the 4th request he showed me proof he was a
Federal agent, then demanded I give him my roach feathers.

I told him "No" and that as a Native American I had the right
to wear them. He demanded I prove I was Native American, which
I did. Then he proceeded to take away my brother in law's
bustle. I said he couldn't take them because they were my
feathers (which they were) and I'd loaned them to him (which
I had). He told me I didn't have the right to lend feathers
to anyone and I was the only one who could legally use them.
The argument continued. At the end, he took them with him, then
proceeded to enter the circle to harass other people.

I tried to stop him with the argument that this was a sacred gathering,
but by this time he was out to prove a point, barged
into the powwow and started harassing dancers and vendors. He eventually
left, but with a set of bustles & roach feathers
I'd loaned.

We'll be meeting him Tuesday to argue the point, so I'm asking
you to pray for me. I need to know you're behind me.

I'm one man facing the Federal government Tuesday. I've a
feeling that unless the Creator intervenes this will be a
long drawn out battle. Our tribal chairman will be sending an
official complaint to the federal office Monday and I've been
advised to take this to the local news as personal harassment
and discrimination against our legal right to use feathers.

Pray the Creator gives me wisdom to say & do the right thing
when we meet. If ever I needed your prayers & support it's now.
I'll keep you updated as things develop.

This isn't been the first time we've been harassed, but it's
the first time they've taken feathers. The bustle was made out
of feathers given to me in 1970. The roach feathers were given
to me by an Indian lady who I helped through the dying process
of cancer 10 yrs ago.

Creator bless.

Robert Soto - Lipan Apache ROBTSOTO @


Mashpee Wampanoag Recognition

In 1976, when the Mashpee Wampanoag Nation brought a land
claims suit into federal court, I don't know if any of those
elders expected that their identities and reputations would
end up on trial as a result. For three decades now,
anthropologists have written, taught, debated, and examined
the records of that case, but few scholars have considered
the degree to which their own constructs of indigenous
identity, authenticity, sovereignty, and power may have
continued to marginalize Native peoples and Native identities
east of the Mississippi.

James Clifford, in "Identity in Mashpee"in _The Predicament
of Culture_ (1988), and Jack Campisi, in _The Mashpee Indians:
Tribe on Trial_(1991) brought the Mashpee land claims and
recognition to the fore, but the issues they raised - of
identity, hybridity, social relations, and popular notions of
authenticity - have not yet been resolved for Native
communities, and continue to impact the federal recognition
process today. I am curious to know how these and other
scholarly articles have been used in classroom situations,
and whether academics have invited contemporary Native
people into those classrooms to interpret what has been
written about them.

The biological anthropologists among us have confirmed that
race is a social construct - if so, why then are Native people
still being expected to conform to outdated and Eurocentric
notions of ethnicity, race and identity? Why are the racial
card, the question of ssimilation, and notions of
authenticity and genealogy so quick to come to the fore when
Native people start actively talking back to erasure, taking
back control of their histories, and fighting to achieve
even limited forms of sovereignty in what were once
exclusively indigenous homelands across the continent? I
find it curious that African-Americans, Asian Americans,
and other ethnic groups find no resistance to their choices
to self-identify and self-select, even with hybrid
bloodlines, while Native American peoples are still expected
to conform to externally-imposed notions of identity, that
may be based in outdated racial constructs, superficial
physiognomy, and federal definitions of what constitutes
an "Indian."

Why is federal recognition now the marker of authenticity for
Native communities? Why is is that so many western tribes,
having been removed to reservations, have had such an easy
time being recognized by the descendants of those who removed
them, while so many eastern tribes have had to fight for
their reputations as Indians? Is the "vanishing Indian"
trope still that powerful? Why is it that towns and state
officials in Connecticut flipped out at the prospect that
the Schaghticoke and Eastern Pequot might be recognized as
sovereign tribes within that state? How can the American
public and government officials find it so terrifying to
acknowledge the persistence of Native tribes east of the

I would suggest that federal recognition, in its current
structural form, has little to do with Native authenticity
in a deep indigenous sense, and everything to do with federal
power and selective constructions of the history of
marginalized ethnic peoples. For generations, white
historians have been busily scripting heroic arratives
of their forefather's wars with the Indians, while hoping
that the Indians would eventually disappear, or be
assimilated. In the modern world, that disappearance can
also be accomplished bloodlessly by recourse to a single set
of fixed federal criteria, heavily reliant upon paper
documentation written and archived by non-Native observers.
The delays in federal recognition cases (with an average
waiting period of 14 years), and the denials based on spotty
documentation, are achieving a de-tribalization akin to
that practiced in the mid-20th century.

Even with all of this being said, let me send Ktsiwligowi,
great, good luck to the Mashpee Wampanoag people, with
congratulations for their well-deserved and hard-earned
recognition by the federal government. If only it hadn't
been so long in coming, if only so many elders hadn't
passed over while waiting for the day that their relatives
would finally be acknowledged. The Wampanoag at Mashpee have
resisted those who wished them to disappear. From here
forward, let's hope this means that no outsider can ever
again claim the right to dictate who is, or who is not,
Mashpee, based on subjective judgments about skin color,
traditional practices, blood quantum, or what some spiteful
white man might say. Their Wampanoag ancestors know who they

And so should we.

Marge Bruchac


Anthropologist Questions Schaghticoke Tribe's Loss Of Federal

By Karen Florin

New London –– Anthropologist Lucianne Lavin told an audience
on Monday night that she was dumbfounded when the Bureau of
Indian Affairs rescinded the Schaghticoke tribe's federal
recognition last year. “The tribe thinks it was a political
decision, and that might be right,” Lavin said. The
Schaghticokes were recognized in 2004 but lost their federal
acknowledgment last year based on an appeal by the state and
several communities.

Having worked with the tribe for the past quarter-century,
Lavin knows their history well.

She regaled a small audience at Connecticut College Monday
with accounts of rattlesnake hunts on the tribe's rocky
reservation in Kent, in northwestern Connecticut, and she
showed slides of tribal members through the decades.

Her lecture was entitled “Schaghticoke Struggles: Discrimination,
Detribalization and Tribal Identify — Will Justice Prevail?”

Her stories of rattlesnakes pointed to the resourcefulness of
tribal members who would “salt” a particular area with snakes
when white men came to hunt them once a year, because happy
snake hunters were more likely to be generous with their food
or their cash.

Lavin said that Earl Kilson, a tribal sagamore (second-in-
command) in the mid-1900s, milked rattlesnakes for their
venom and sold snakes to the Beardsley and Bronx zoos.

Most of Lavin's slides and stories illustrated the losses
the tribe suffered over the years, culminating in the reversal
of their federal recognition.

“Federal recognition does not create a tribe,” she said. “It
merely acknowledges who they are. Tribal people know who they

She showed maps of the reservation in the 18th, 19th and 20th centuries
and told how the boundaries shrank as the white man
sold 1,600 acres away from the tribe. The tribe was left with
400 acres of land unfit for farming and most other activities,
she said.

She showed pictures of tribal chiefs, elders and children, of
powwows and handmade wood-splint baskets.

She said that when the white men started mass-producing
baskets, tribal women could no longer make a living with
their craft. When the electric company put a dam on the
Housatonic River, she said, fish no longer could come upriver
to spawn and the tribe lost an important source of food.

Although most tribal members eventually moved away from the reservation,
they remained active in the tribe, she said.

The state has always had overseers on the reservations, and
the Department of Environmental Protection is considered the
tribe's contemporary overseer.

“How can you not have a tribe when you still have a state
department overseeing the tribe?” Lavin said. “Difficult.”

Conn college anthropology professor Harold D. Juli invited
Lavin to speak as part of a series on the practice of
anthropology outside of academia.

The town of Kent acknowledged the Schaghticoke during its
bicentennial celebration in 1939, but town leaders turned
against the tribe at the end of the century, when it
appeared they might be recognized by the federal government
and attempt to reclaim hundreds of acres of land.

The tribe was looking at Bridgeport as a place to build a

Gov. John G. Rowland proclaimed the Schaghticokes and four
other state tribes as bona fide in 1996 when he declared
October as Native American month.

Gov. M. Jodi Rell, however, testified at a congressional
hearing last year that “Connecticut has no historic

“I don't know what parallel universe she's living in,” Lavin
said of the governor.

Tribal Chief Richard Velky, who attended Lavin's lecture,
said the Schaghticokes hope that an appeal of their
recognition case in federal court will get a fair hearing.
He said the tribe expects to hear something by the end of
the month.


News stories from online sources:

Cherokee Phoenix And Indian Advocate - entire May 2006 Issue

Lawsuit seeks showdown over reservation taxes

Indian burial set at Mesa Verde

A proper reburial at Mesa Verde

Reburial of remains at Mesa Verde took 13 years

Tribal governments change, not always for better - Column by Dorreen
Yellow Bird

The chairman of the Three Affiliated Tribes talks about wind, water --
and the chances of him running for statewide office

Flu-free, but feverish about birds

Western Shoshone and others file suit to halt detonation

Bill supports allotments for Alaska Native veterans

Governor reaches out to the tribes he slammed

Deep inside Kansas cave, Counting Up What Indians Are Owed

Interior nominee Kempthorne pressed on BIA vacancy

Abenaki of Vermont

State recognition honors Abenakis

SCSU President Roy H. Saigo's presentation on the use of American Indian

Former Abramoff client saves BIA from $3 million cut

Tunica-Biloxis say Barbry's 20-year tenure longest in nation

Five Civilized Tribes Commemorate Act of 1906

Delaware Nation loses out-of-state land claim

Tohono O'odham seeks justice for her son run over by border patrol

Indigenous Power: Indigenous Rights Go Global

Standing Rock Sioux Tribe won't back 'Sioux' name

Standing Rock Sioux Tribe Letter

Idaho leaders weigh in on Dirk Kempthorne

Kennewick Man Skeletal Find May Revolutionalize Continent's History

NCAA right to declare Illiniwek hostile

NCAA rejects two more challenges to mascot policy

Cherokee National Youth Choir Receives “NAMMY” Nominations

You’re an illegal immigrant, too!

'Hidden gem' of park hoping for Mesa's help

Tribal Digital Village a success in southern California

Interior calls Hall on accuracy of trust account

Mesa Verde: A rich history

Tribal Even Start literacy programs to lose funding

About 800 Cherokee Freedmen enrolled since decision

Humans Might Have Wiped Out Wild Horses

EPA honors tribes as environmental heroes

Ancient art offers glimpse into the past

Navajos protest water talks with Peabody Coal

Birth of a Nation: Treaty of 1868 forms boundaries of Navajo reservation

Six Nations clan mothers taking Caledonia land dispute to UN

Defending the Seneca Nation

A Linguist’s Quest to Save a Dying Language

Old ones' spirit still palpable at Bandelier,1299,DRMN_15_4629634,00.html

Walking with ghosts in the borderlands

Former Pomo leader expelled from tribe - He says move came after he
asked about spending, casinos

NATURAL GAS DISPUTE - Line of contention

Group revives idea of an American Indian embassy in Washington

California Treaties Made, Yet Never Ratified

The Fight Over the Water Beneath Black Mesa

Council approves town center to surround Hohokam preserve

Pay proper respect to sovereign nation

Water is life: Sacred and precious

Ex-Ute leaders to get day in federal court,1249,635205563,00.html

Dam project's effect on Bay a concern to Inuit

Aboriginal anger rising, warns First Nation leader

Barricades still up at Six Nations during talks

Indian tribes facing heightened scrutiny in search for land

Company charged with defrauding Indian schools

Native Americans Want 'Bunker Buster' Test Stopped


Notices & Events:
(These are are provided FYI. Please use your own decretion in
supporting any effort or group.)

From my cousin Michael Walkingstick:

I wanted to remind you all that next Saturday is the
dedication of the new research room at the Talbot Library and
Museum in Colcord, Oklahoma.

This is to be known as the Walkingstick Room and we are
hoping for a large turnout of the extended WALKINGSTICK family
for this event.

If you cannot attend, I hope you will notify your relatives
of the event to be held next Saturday, May 13, in Colcord.



Native American Internship Program application


Call for Papers

Title: Vine Deloria, Jr. Indigenous Studies Symposium
Deadline: June 16
Dates of symposium: July 27-29
Location: Northwest Indian College, Bellingham, WA
Contact: Steve Pavlik, Symposium Co-coordinator
         4149 E. Waverly Street
         Tucson, AZ 85712
Phone: 520.327.0708

The purpose of this symposium is to bring together
Native and non-Native scholars, elders, and other
individuals who are interested in honoring the life
and work of Vine Deloria, Jr. and in discussing and
expanding knowledge in several areas that Vine was
active in. The symposium this year will focus on (1)
religion and spirituality, (2) federal Indian law and
policy, and (3) traditional knowledge. The symposium
itself will be organized as a series of panels that
address each of these issues. Individual
presentations may be formal or informal. Abstracts
that include a title and brief description are
requested only for the purpose of organizing the


Auditions For Brand New Summer Musical
MAY 12 and 13, 2006
10:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m.
Cherokee Nation Community Meeting Room
At the Cherokee Nation W.W. Keeler Complex - (3) miles
south of downtown Tahlequah on Hwy 62 in the Cherokee
Nation Community Meeting Room located behind the Restaurant
Of The Cherokee

Electric and Acoustic Guitars, Banjo, Keyboard, Amps
will be available

Bring headshots, resumes, and demo tapes or CDs

This brand new production features songs, music, dance and
film and will delight audiences of all ages. Production
previews are slated to begin July 7 with a July 14 opening,
and will play Friday and Saturday evenings at 8:00 pm through
Labor Day weekend on the scenically beautiful Cherokee
Heritage Center Amphitheater stage. The Cherokee Heritage
Center which is located just minutes south of historic
downtown Tahlequah in the Park Hill community.

Tom Allard, Director/Producer

Audition Contact Number 918-931-1403


Call to Artists

AISES is holding its 28th Annual National Conference in
Detroit, Michigan, November 2-4, 2006 and is seeking artwork
that reflects this year's theme, "Generations of Innovation.”

The artwork will be used on National Conference materials
including the Conference program, t-shirts, conference bags,
and other materials. Artwork will be donated to AISES for its
complimentary use. AISES considers the artwork as an in-kind

Artwork will appear on the print materials for the conference
(Registration Brochure and the Conference Program) and the
artist’s bio will be included as well. AISES will provide
Conference bags and t-shirts to the artist for their portfolio.

Please submit artwork digitally for consideration no later
than close of business June 9, 2006.

Artwork may be multicolor but should easily convert to one
color. Preferred formats are: .pdf, .jpg or .gif files.
Please include the artist's contact information, including
phone number(s), mailing address, and email addresses. If you
have any questions please contact Cristy Davies, Events
Coordinator, via email: cristy @ or phone:
(505) 765-1052, x108.

Please feel free to forward this to anyone that may be

Thank you,

Submit artwork to:
2305 Renard SE, Suite 200
Albuquerque, NM 87106

OR cristy @          

Cristy Davies
Events Coordinator
2305 Renard SE, Suite 200
Albuquerque, NM 87106
505/ 765-1052 phone
505/ 765-5608 fax


For those who have signed up, and for those still trying to
decide, the Cherokee Casino is hosting the Cherokee Casino
Resort Oklahoma Golf Classic. We've spoken with
representatives at the Native American Cup and they have
assured us that there are plenty of spots available if you
wish to participate. Here's the URL of the PDF where you
can find all the information you need:


Utah Prehistory Week


Pueblo Grande Museum and Archaeological Park Features 1930
Historic Aerial Photos
March - September 2006

Pueblo Grande Museum and Archaeological Park is currently
featuring the Historic Judd Aerial Survey, which resulted
from the 1930 collaboration between the Smithsonian
Institution in Washington D.C., United States Department
of War and founding director of Pueblo Grande Museum,
Odd Halseth.

In an effort to photographically record ancient Hohokam
canals before agricultural and urban growth eliminated the
remains of this unique culture, this survey reportedly
yielded close to 1,400 aerial images that were laid into
mosaics and closely annotated with field work by Halseth.
In the fall of 1930, the resulting research was then
forwarded to Neil M. Judd, curator of American Archaeology
at the Smithsonian's National Museum. Shortly after the
survey, the Department of War impounded the photos, later
releasing them to the care of the Smithsonian Institution
who kept them in archival cold storage to present day with
little activity in the intervening years. Now 75 years
later, these 1930 photos are on exhibit, detailing Hohokam
canals in the Salt and Gila River valleys. The exhibit runs
through early September 2006.

For more information, visit or call
(602) 495-0901.


Salt River Pima-Maricopa Indian Community
Job Opening - NAGPRA Coordinator


“Searching for Mesa” history exhibit opens May 6 at Mesa
Southwest Museum


Petition to STOP Police invasion in Canada

Stop the Police Invasion and Seizure of Caledonia!Help Six
Nations People Protect their Land!

We request that the Canadian Government immediately Remove
all Police and Military Presence in the Area of Caledonia and
The Six Nations Reserve.
That all Six Nations Land be returned to its rightful owners
and all development attempts cease now!

(Click or copy and paste this link into your web browser)


The Cherokee Heritage is accepting registrations for the
Fifth Annual Cherokee Ancestry Conference. This is a two day conference
in June to be held in Tulsa, OK. This should be
a great event! So sign up now!!!


2006 Pecos Conference: The Center for Desert Archaeology
and Salmon Ruins


The Governor's Office of Planning and Research is pleased to
announce that we have scheduled a Senate Bill 18(2004)
Training session in Bishop, CA on May 17, 2006 and you are
invited to attend. Please forward this notice to anyone who
may be interested in attending the training.

This is a series of the same trainings that is being offered throughout
the state.

Local and Tribal Intergovernmental Consultation: Senate
Bill 18 Training session

Where: Paiute Professional Building, Tribal Chambers
        50 Tu Su Lane
        Bishop, CA 93514

When: May 17, 2006, registration begins at 9:00am,
session starts at 9:30am - 3:30pm

Topic: (1) What are the SB 18 requirements to provide tribal
consultation as part of the local government land use planning
process to preserve and protect Native American traditional
cultural places? (2) How do you conduct meaningful and
productive consultations between planning officials and
California Indian tribes so that prehistoric, archaeological, cultural,
spiritual, and ceremonial places can be identified
and cooperatively protected?

Please RSVP to me.

I have also attached the agenda for the training.

Contact me for a calendar of scheduled trainings or
questions regarding SB 18. If you would like more information
about SB 18 and the training program please visit our
website at

Thank you,

Cuauhtemoc Gonzalez
Tribal Outreach Staff Assistant
Governor's Office of Planning and Research
Tel (916) 445-0613
Fax (916) 323-3018
Email cuauhtemoc. gonzalez @ (delete spaces)



El Quinto Sol
35 Obras del Arte Mixtlán, México.

Nuevo Arte Contemporáneo - Prehispánico.
Esculturas de terracota policromada con detalles en oro
y mármol.
Inspirado en las culturas: Olmeca, Maya, Mixteca y Azteca.
Obras originales, diseńos exclusivos e inéditos.

New ArtWork Pre-Hispanic Contemporary
Sculptures terra-cotta polychrome, gold & marble.
Culture: Olmec, Maya, Mixtec & Aztec.
Fine art - Unpublished.

Lugar / Place:
Museo de Antropología de Xalapa - MAX
Av. Xalapa s/n, 91010 Xalapa, Ver. México.
Tel/Fax : (228) 8150920, 8150708 y 8154952.


Humor & Interesting Thoughts:

I received links to this 5 minute animated spoof from
several people. This has a bit of adult language.


My friend Jackie Yousif sent this:

Paul Harvey Writes:
We tried so hard to make things better for our kids that we
made them worse. For my grandchildren, I'd like better.
I'd really like for them to know about hand me down clothes and homemade
ice cream and leftover meat loaf sandwiches. I really
I hope you learn humility by being humiliated, and that you
learn honesty by being cheated.
I hope you learn to make your own bed and mow the lawn and
wash the car.
And I really hope nobody gives you a brand new car when you
are sixteen.
It will be good if at least one time you can see puppies born
and your old dog put to sleep.
I hope you get a black eye fighting for something you believe
I hope you have to share a bedroom with your younger
brother/sister. And it's all right if you have to draw a
line down the middle of the room,but when he wants to crawl
under the covers with you because he's scared, I hope you
let him.
When you want to see a movie and your little brother/sister
wants to tag along, I hope you'll let him/her.
I hope you have to walk uphill to school with your friends
and that you live in a town where you can do it safely.
On rainy days when you have to catch a ride, I hope you don't
ask your driver to drop you two blocks away so you won't be
seen riding with someone as uncool as your Mom.
If you want a slingshot, I hope your Dad teaches you how to
make one instead of buying one.
I hope you learn to dig in the dirt and read books.
When you learn to use computers, I hope you also learn to
add and subtract in your head.
I hope you get teased by your friends when you have your
first crush on a boy\girl, and when you talk back to your
mother that you learn what ivory soap tastes like.
May you skin your knee climbing a mountain, burn your hand
on a stove and stick your tongue on a frozen flagpole.
I don't care if you try a beer once, but I hope you don't
like it. And if a friend offers you dope or a joint, I hope
you realize he is not your friend.
I sure hope you make time to sit on a porch with your
Grandma/Grandpa and go fishing with your Uncle.
May you feel sorrow at a funeral and joy during the holidays.
I hope your mother punishes you when you throw a baseball
through your neighbor's window and that she hugs you and
kisses you at Christmas time when you give her a plaster
mold of your hand.


Another one of my Cherokee Adair cousins sent this:

So as not to be outdone by all the redneck, hillbilly, and
Texan jokes, you know you're from California if:

1. Your coworker has 10 piercings and none are visible.

2. You make over $100,000 and still can't afford a house.

3. You take a bus and are shocked at two people carrying on a
conversation in English.

4. Your child's 3rd-grade teacher has purple hair, a nose
ring, and is named Flower.

5. You can't remember . . is pot illegal?

6. You've been to a baby shower that has two mothers and a
sperm donor.

7. You have a very strong opinion about where your coffee
beans are grown, and you can taste the difference between
Sumatran and Ethiopian.

8. You can't remember . . . is pot illegal?

9. A really great parking space can totally move you to

10. Gas costs $1.00 per gallon more than anywhere else in
the U.S.

11. Unlike back home, the guy at 8:30 am at Starbucks wearing
a baseball cap and sunglasses who looks like George Clooney
really IS George Clooney.

12. Your car insurance costs as much as your house payment.

13. You can't remember . . . is pot illegal?

14. It's barely sprinkling rain and there's a report on every
news station: "STORM WATCH."

15. You pass an elementary school playground and the children
are all busy with their cells or pagers.

16. It's barely sprinkling rain outside, so you leave for work
an hour early to avoid all the weather-related accidents.

17. HEY!!!! Is pot illegal????

18. Both you AND your dog have therapists.

19. The Terminator is your governor.

20. If you drive illegally, they take your driver's license.
If you're here illegally, they want to give you one.


My mother sent this. My father is from East Texas (Cherokee
County, in fact)

East Texas-Gotta Love It!

The owner of a golf course in Lufkin was confused about paying
an invoice, so he decided to ask his secretary for some
mathematical help. He called her into his office and said,
"You graduated from The University of Texas and I need some
help. If I were to give you $20,000, minus 14%, how much
would you take off?"

The secretary thought a moment, then replied, "Everything but
my earrings."

You gotta love those East Texas women.


A group of Tyler friends went deer hunting and paired off
in twos for the day That night, one of the hunters returned
alone, staggering under the weight of an eight-point buck.
"Where's Henry?" the others asked.

"Henry had a stroke of some kind. He's a couple of miles back
up the trail," the successful hunter replied.

"You left Henry laying out there and carried the deer back?"
they inquired.

"A tough call," nodded the hunter. "But I figured no one is
going to steal Henry!"


A senior at Texas A&M was overheard saying.. "When the end of
the world comes, I hope to be in East Texas.

When asked why, he replied he'd rather be in East Texas because
everything happens in East Texas 20 years later than in the
rest of the civilized world.


The young man from Texas A&M came running into the store and
said to his buddy, "Bubba, somebody just stole your pickup
truck from the parking lot!"

Bubba replied, "Did you see who it was?"

The young man answered, "I couldn't tell, but I got the
license number."


NEWS FLASH! - Brian/College Station's worst disaster occurred
when a small two-seater Cessna 150 plane, piloted by two Texas
A&M students, crashed into a cemetery earlier today. Search
and Rescue workers have recovered 300 bodies so far and expect
the number to climb as digging continues into the evening.
The pilot and copilot survived and are helping in the
recovery efforts.


A Texas State trooper pulled over a pickup on I-20. The
trooper asked, "Got any I D?"

The driver replied, "Bout whut?"


A man in Tyler had a flat tire, pulled off on the side of
the road, and proceeded to put a bouquet of flowers in front
of the car and one behind it. Then he got back in the car to

A passerby studied the scene as he drove by and was so
curious he turned around and went back. He asked the fellow
what the problem was.

The man replied, "I have a flat tire."

The passerby asked, "But what's with the flowers?"

The man responded, "When you break down they tell you to put
flares in the front and flares in the back! I never did
understand it either


From my niece Marsha:

Attending a wedding for the first time, a little girl
whispered to her mother, "Why is the bride dressed in white?"
"Because white is the color of happiness, and today is the
happiest day of her life." The child thought about this for
a moment, then said, "So why is the groom wearing black?"

A little girl, dressed in her Sunday best, was running as
fast as she could, trying not to be late for Bible class. As
she ran she prayed, "Dear Lord, please don't let me be late!
Dear Lord, please don't let me be late!" While she was running
and praying, she tripped on a curb and fell, getting her
clothes dirty and tearing her dress. She got up, brushed
herself off, and started r unning again! in. As she ran she
once again began to pray, "Dear Lord, please don't let me be late...But
please don't shove me either!"

Three boys are in the school yard bragging about their fathers.
The first boy says, "My Dad scribbles a few words on a piece
of paper, he calls it a poem, they give him $50."

The second boy says, "That's nothing. My Dad scribbles a few
words on a piece of paper, he calls it a song, they give
him $100."

The third boy says, "I got you both beat. My Dad scribbles a
few words on a piece of paper, he calls it a sermon, and it
takes eight people to collect all the money!"

An elderly woman died last month. Having never married, she
requested no male pallbearers. In her handwritten instructions
for her memorial service, she wrote, "They wouldn't take me
out while I was alive, I don't want them to take me out when
I'm dead."

A police recruit was asked during the exam, "What would you
do if you had to arrest your own mother?" He answered "Call
for backup."

A Sunday School teacher asked her class why Joseph and Mary
took Jesus with them to Jerusalem. A small child replied:
"They couldn't get a babysitter."

A Sunday school teacher was discussing the Ten Commandments
with her five and six year olds. After explaining the
commandment to "honor thy father and thy mother," she asked
"Is there a commandment that teaches us how to treat our
brothers and sisters?" Without missing a beat one little boy
answered,"Thou shall not kill."

At Sunday School they were teaching how God created
everything, including human beings. Little Johnny seemed
especially intent when they told him how Eve was created out
of one of Adam's ribs. Later in the week his mother noticed
him lying down as though he were ill, and she said, "Johnny,
what is the matter?" Little Johnny responded, "I have pain
in my side. I think I'm going to have a wife."

Two boys were walking home from Sunday school after hearing
a strong preaching on the devil. One said to the other, "What
do you think about all this Satan stuff?"

The other boy replied, "Well, you know how Santa Claus turned
out. It's probably just your Dad.


Marsha also sent this:

Keep this on the Fridge

Did You Know That? Drinking two glasses of Gatorade can relieve
headache pain almost immediately -- without the unpleasant side effects
caused by traditional "pain relievers."

Did you know that Colgate toothpaste makes an excellent salve
for burns.

Before you head to the drugstore for a high-priced inhaler
filled with mysterious chemicals, try chewing on a couple of
curiously strong Altoids peppermints. They'll clear up your
stuffed nose.

Achy muscles from a bout of the flu? Mix 1 Tablespoon of
horseradish in 1 cup of olive oil. Let the mixture sit for
30 minutes, then apply it as a massage oil, for instant
relief for aching muscles.

Sore throat? Just mix 1/4 cup of vinegar with 1/4 cup of
honey and take 1 tablespoon six times a day. The vinegar
kills the bacteria.

Cure urinary tract infe! ctions with Alka-Seltzer. Just
dissolve two tablets in a glass of water and drink it at
the onset of the symptoms. Alka-Seltzer begins eliminating
urinary tract infections almost instantly -- even though
the product was never been advertised for this use.

Honey remedy for skin blemishes... Cover the blemish with a
dab of honey and place a Band-Aid over it. Honey kills the
bacteria, keeps the skin sterile, and ! speeds healing.
Works overnight.

Listerine therapy for toenail fungus... Get rid of unsightly
toenail fungus by soaking your toes in Listerine mouthwash.
The powerful antiseptic leaves your toenails looking healthy

Easy eyeglass protection... To prevent the screws in
eyeglasses from loosening, apply a small drop of
Maybelline Crystal Clear nail polish to the threads of
the screws before tightening them.

Coca-Cola cure for rust... Forget those expensive rust
removers. Just saturate an abrasive sponge with Coca Cola
and scrub the rust stain. The phosphoric acid in the coke
is what gets the job done.

Cleaning liquid that doubles as bug killer... If menacing
bees, wasps, hornets, or yellow jackets get in your home
and you can't find the insecticide, try a spray of Formula
409. Insects drop to the ground instantly.

Smart splinter remover...just pour a drop of Elmer's Glue-All
over the splinter, let dry, and peel the dried glue off the
skin. The splinter sticks to the dried glue.

Hunt's tomato paste boil cure...cover the boil with Hunt's
tomato paste as a compress. The acids from the tomatoes
soothe the pain and bring the boil to a head.

Balm for broken blisters...To disinfect a broken blister, dab
on a few drops of Listerine... a powerful antiseptic.

Heinz vinegar to heal bruises... Soak a cotton ball in white
vinegar and apply it to ! the bruise for 1 hour. The vinegar
reduces the blueness and speeds up the healing process.

Kills fleas instantly. Dawn dish washing liquid does the trick.
Add a few drops to your dog's bath and shampoo the animal
thoroughly. Rinse well to avoid skin irritations.
Goodbye fleas.

Rainy day cure for dog odor... Next time your dog comes in
from the rain, simply wipe down the animal with Bounce or
any dry! er sheet, instantly making your dog smell springtime

Eliminate ear mites... All it takes is a few drops of Wesson
corn oil in your cat's ear. Massage it in, then clean with
a cotton ball. Repeat daily for 3 days. The oil soothes
the cat's skin, smothers the mites, and accelerates healing.

Quaker Oats for fast pain relief....It's not for breakfast
anymore! Mix 2 cups of Quaker Oats and 1 cup of water in a
bowl and warm in the microwave for 1 minute, cool slightly,
and apply the mixture to your hands for soothing relief
from arthritis pain.


A CHP Academy classmate of mine, Jeff Tempest, sent this:


Question: How many days in a week?
Answer: 6 Saturdays, 1 Sunday

Question: When is a retiree's bedtime?
Answer: Three hours after he falls asleep on the couch.

Question: How many retirees to change a light bulb?
Answer: Only one, but it might take all day.

Question: What's the biggest gripe of retirees?
Answer: There is not enough time to get everything done.

Question: Why don't retirees mind being called Seniors?
Answer: The term comes with a 10% percent discount.

Question: Among retirees what is considered formal attire?
Answer: Tied shoes.

Question: Why do retirees count pennies?
Answer: They are the only ones who have the time.

Question: What is the common term for someone who enjoys work
and refuses to retire?
Answer: NUTS!

Question: Why are retirees so slow to clean out the basement,
attic or garage?
Answer: They know that as soon as they do, one of their adult
kids will want to store stuff there.

Question: What do retirees call a long lunch?
Answer: Normal.

Question: What is the best way to describe retirement?
Answers: The never ending Coffee Break.

Question: What's the biggest advantage of going back to school
as a retiree?
Answer: If you cut classes, no one calls your parents.

Question: Why does a retiree often say he doesn't miss work,
but misses the people he used to work with?
Answer: He is too polite to tell the whole truth.


Louis K. Freiberg sent this:

1- I'd kill for a Nobel Peace Prize.

2- Borrow money from pessimists - they don't expect it back.

3- Half the people you know are below average.

4- 99% of lawyers give the rest a bad name.

5- 42.7% of all statistics are made up on the spot.

6- A conscience is what hurts when all your other parts feel
so good.

7- A clear conscience is usually the sign of a bad memory.

8- If you want the rainbow, you gotta put up with the rain.

9- All those who believe in psychokinesis, raise my hand.

10- The early bird may get the worm, but the second mouse
gets the cheese.

11- I almost had a psychic girlfriend, but she left me
before we met.

12- OK, so what's the speed of dark?

13- How do you tell when you're out of invisible ink?

14- If everything seems to be going well, you have obviously overlooked

15- Depression is merely anger without enthusiasm.

16- When everything is coming your way, you're in the wrong lane.

17- Ambition is a poor excuse for not having enough sense to
be lazy.

18- Hard work pays off in the future, laziness pays off now.

19- I intend to live forever; so far, so good.

20- If Barbie is so popular, why do you have to buy her friends?

21- Eagles may soar, but weasels don't get sucked into jet

22- What happens if you get scared half to death twice?

23- My mechanic told me, "I couldn't repair your brakes, so
I made your horn louder."

24- Why do psychics have to ask you for your name?

25- If at first you don't succeed, destroy all evidence that
you tried.

26- A conclusion is the place where you got tired of thinking.

27- Experience is something you don't get until just after
you need it.

28- The hardness of the butter is proportional to the
softness of the bread.

29- To steal ideas from one person is plagiarism; to steal
from many is research.

30- The problem with the gene pool is that there is no

31- The sooner you fall behind, the more time you'll have
to catch up.

32- The colder the x-ray table, the more of your body is
required to be on it.

33- Everyone has a photographic memory; some just don't have film.

34- If your car could travel at the speed of light, would your
headlights work?


That's it for now.

Have a great month.

Phil Konstantin

End of Phil Konstantin's May 2006 Newsletter - Part 2
Start of Phil Konstantin's Student Essay Entries 2006


I thought I would ask for your input as to who should be named the
winners in my student essay contest. I will have one winner, and two

Below, I have posted the various essay, in no particular order.

Let me know what you think.

FYI, I have not edited the essays. So, do not count off for the spacing
of paragraphs, etc..




What Everyone needs to know about my tribe:

I should say what everyone needs to know about my tribe(s). I can’t
speak for my tribes and I think that’s a sad thing. I live in a big
city with lots and lots of people, I have been placed in Spanish
speaking class, while I have not learned my own languages. I have gone
to pow-wows and my mom tells me they aren’t the same out here as they
are where she is from. I have gone to Hopi Kachina ceremonies and
sometimes I have been scared even though my dad tells me they are good
for our land, animals and corn. My grandfather is a very powerful man,
who lives in Washington D.C. but he chooses to not even know me, why?
What did I do? I know nothing about my tribe from him. I am so
confused when I go to drumming class and I learn Apache and Navajo
songs, but I’m not Apache or Navajo. What everyone needs to know
about my tribes, is something I can’t answer, as I am looking for that
answer myself. Am I lost in this big city? My mom teaches me little
pieces of the Gros Ventre Language as she learns it herself. But I have
no one to talk it with and I have to always ask her what does that mean
again? My mom is trying to give us our traditions, I don’t know how
she can do it, when she lived in this big city all her life, I think she
is just as confused as I am. She is always telling me to have respect
for things and when I ask her why she says, you just do. I think it’s
more than that! We have kachina dolls hanging on our walls, but we have
no girls in our family, except my mom and she isn’t even Hopi. We
have a northern traditional bustle hanging in our dining room like a
work of art in a museum or something, but my mom says it’s there so
that it won’t get ruined. There are about 6 pow-wows a year here
because we can’t ever afford to go anywhere else and me or my little
brother try to dance with that bustle, nothing else, except a string of
bells, but the rest of the year it just hangs there. Our entertainment
center has a huge 36 inch TV that is surrounded by Hopi and Mojave
Pottery, kachina dolls, Hopi Rattles, an Alaskan Doll, a flute, and
other things, our walls are decorated with pictures of brother wolf,
brother bear and Indians from days gone by. What about my tribe do I
need you to know about, I need you to know that people in my drum group
tell me how proud they are of me that I am learning traditional ways and
I should be honored that I am learning to keep these traditions alive
and not lose them, but my friends, that’s not true they are lost, and
we in these big citys are lost and trying hard to get any sense of who
we are, who we were and where do we belong. How do you chose which
traditions to learn when there is no one around to teach you? How do
you chose which traditions to learn when you are mixed with 3 different
tribes, with 3 different creation stories, 3 different traditional
foods, 3 different languages, 3 different everything? How do I chose my
traditional ways when I am faced with street violence, gangs, drugs and
half my family in prison? I want to be this person that people will
look at with pride and respect so remember who I want to become; I am
Little Faron Tewa, Hopi, Gros-Ventre and Mojave Boy lost in a big city
looking for myself. That’s what I need everyone to know.




My tribe has been here before the Europeans came to America. We were a
migratory people traveling from the Upper Peninsula and the northern tip
of Michigan. In the spring, we would go back to our homelands and
collect maple syrup, fish and plant crops. When we did not have anything
else to do, we would collect fruits, herbs and medicines. After the
treaties signed in 1836 and 1855, the benefits of the U.S government
that were promised the tribes did not materialize. So, people from this
area tried sueing the government. This effort was unsuccessful.

There were three groups that worked together to unite the Ottawa people
politically. The Michigan Indian Defense Association of 1933, The
Michigan Indian Foundation of 1947 and the Northern Michigan Ottawa
Association of 1948. Little Traverse Bay Band was known as NMOA. In
November 29, 1982, they took the name LTBB. Again, the Federal Court
would not allow tribes their rights, this time because they were not a
federally recognized tribe. My tribe did not want to be a federally
recognized tribe under the Bureau of Indian affairs. Instead, they
wanted to sign a bill that would give us the federal recognition through

Now the tribe has a casino in Petoskey. My tribe is building another one
on Mackinaw Island. It will take a couple years for my tribe to build
it. We got basketball teams, tournaments, leagues and much more stuff.



What Everyone Needs to Know About my Tribe

The Saginaw Chippewa tribe is the coolest tribe ever. In 1855 and 1864,
tribal members signed a treaty with the U.S. government, creating a list
of Chippewa members and in 1867 U.S. government listed 1,555 tribal
members, who are entitled to land under earlier treaties. Also in 1993
(The year I was born) the tribe opens the Soaring Eagle Casino. The
colors that represent our tribe are red, yellow, black, and white.

7th Generation their main goal is and I quote "The purpose of the
Seventh Generation Program is to provide a culturally experienced team
facility, which will provide education and practice for community
members to learn the Traditional Anishnaabe way of life.”

The Ziibiwing Center is a place for families of all ages to learn a
little about our culture and history. It provides a chance to look at
how our people lived hundreds of years ago when there was no cars,
“proper clothing”, or any of the other things modern day
civilization offers like no T.V. no DVD’s no VCR no cameras and no
stove. The way you cooked your food was by open flame and you had to
hunt (if you were a male between the ages of about 14-45) and then,
after that you were an elder. The women cooked and took care of the
Saginaw Chippewa Academy is one of the two schools on the reservation.
At the Saginaw Chippewa Academy, they teach us about our culture and
they teach us the language. But, in a fun way, in that we get to play
games like they did back in the olden days. We still get regular classes
but also a few extra ones like Language & Culture. We have recess
(sometimes) with (almost) a full playground that’s open to the

We have the gym where they have basketball teams for the tribe and
baseball teams, softball teams and volleyball. The gym is also open to
the public. The gym is connected to the Tribes public library, so that
kids can come in use the computers, play board games, watch movies, and

The other school is Aabizikaawin for high school and adult education.
They go on trips and they have school events. My brother went there and
they went to Arizona to visit the Grand Canyon. They also went to New
York and Connecticut and Niagara Falls. They cooked their own food; they
would sleep in tents except they had to set them up right when they got
there because they would go hiking or fishing.

Allison Sprague Grade 7th Saginaw Chippewa Academy   


What Everybody Needs to Know About my Tribe

The tribe that I come from is the Saginaw Chippewa Tribe. I love this
tribe because my family and friends live in it. We have the Ziibiwing
Center which is a museum for Native Americans. It was opened in 2004,
and The Soaring Eagle casino, where you can stay at a hotel and you can
eat at restaurants or visit the stores, opened before that. You can take
Your Kids and you can take them to Kids’ Quest and the arcade. Elders
can gamble and try to win some money.

The tribe also has a gym for all of us to play in and a library and a
homework lab. We visit the 7th Generation every Tuesday. At the 7th
Gen, we have activities we do such as Stone carving, Wood carving, Green
house and cooking with Mary.

I like my school because we get to learn our culture and language. We
also go on a lot of cool field trips. When we go we always have fun. We
have lots of Pow - Wows too and we dance and drum. Lots of Native
Americans are dancers or drummers. I have been going to this
Academy since I was 3 and left when I was in 3rd grade. Then, I came
back in 7th grade.

We also have a campground called the “hill”. We have Pow wows there
and other people who want to camp there.

We always have great feasts, ceremonies and get togethers. We are all
very successful although, not all of us like each other but we are all
equal as a tribe. Were all lucky because tribal members get per cap
(They get it from the casino). So, that’s my tribe.

8th grade
Saginaw Chippewa Middle School



The Saginaw Chippewa Indian tribe is located in Mt. Pleasant , Michigan.
Here at the Saginaw Chippewa Indian tribe we like to have pow wows.
They are very fun because you dance and drum sometimes they have
activities. Activities like egg toss or races. At these pow wows they
have slides and horses that you can ride.

We also have a hotel and casino all together its call soaring eagle
casino and resort. On the front entrance there next to the sign
announcing the soaring eagle casino and resort stands to very large
eagles on each side.                                                     

We have a school for the kids that are Indians the grades for that
school are pre primary up to 8th grade. We have culture and language
classes they teach us about our old language and new language words.   
Culture teaches us about games they use to play in the old days.
We have a gym and they have basket ball teams for girls and boys and
they are very fun because we get to go pay against other teams.
There is a place called seventh generation where they teach us about sap
and other sacred stuff. They tell a lot of stories there and they are
very interesting to me and my friends. When we are there they spilt us
up in groups and there are stone shop and wood shop, kitchen, green

Ziibiwing center is a museum about the old Indian ways of hunting things
and making baskets, little skits that they have there. There is a sub
shop that you can eat at in the ziibiwing center its pretty cool.



What everyone should know about my tribe$*$*$*$
By Guyan Kunst

Um hi! My name is Guyan. I am cool
Because I am Native and Mexicans. Anyway, we have 2 casinos the NEW
(Jessica Simpson went at the Casino to sing I also went to the king of
the cage to and it was awesome.)

And there is a little one me and my friends go to the arcade all the
time. There is the Tribal gym. I go there all the time. Everyone knows
the people that live on the rez. We have pow-wows ceremonies, we have
culture/language at our school. All the things to do at the gym are
right here---> boxing, basketball (girls & boys), cheerleading. We also
have Nimkee Clinic. You can go there if you are sick and there is a
dentist office there to. We have a lot of cool things on the rez besides

Guyan Kunst
Saginaw Chippewa Montessori middle school grade 8


Marcella Hope Garcia

My Tribe

My tribe’s name is the Saginaw Chippewa Indian tribe. I love my tribe
because its fun to be a part of. We have a casino called the Soaring
Eagle Casino. On March 28, 2006, Soaring Eagle Casino was honored to
receive an award for four diamond service by the American Automobile
Association (AAA).

I go to the Saginaw Chippewa Academy which is a Native American school.
The Saginaw Chippewa tribe provides a lot of fun activities like the
walk for freedom from the Behavioral Health up to the hill (campground).

The Saginaw Chippewa tribe has all kinds of tribes like Potowatami (
my mom is Potowatami).
Most of the people in the Saginaw Chippewa tribe lives on the rez (I
live on the rez ). We also have a calendar called Native Beauty. Some
Native American models from different tribes got to be in. Models were
picked happens to be my older sister, Meredith Koenig.   

Marcella Garcia
Saginaw Chippewa Montessori
Middle school
6th grade


What Everybody Needs To Know About My Tribe

What everybody should know is stuff, so much stuff, like the Soaring
Eagle Casino & Resort. Like it says in the picture, the Soaring Eagle
Casino & Resort has over 4,700 slot machines, 38 blackjack tables with
limits up $1000, and they also have bingo. Bingo’s fun isn’t it!?!
The resort there has many things; 514 guest rooms, a spa, a restaurant
called the Water Lily restaurant; it has great room service, art, and a
pool. This year it will host the 22nd annual powwow.

                                         The Ziibiwing Center has a
whole bunch of cultural things! You should check all of them out. There
are some exhibits that you can go through. Like their permanent exhibit.
Telling our story about the Anishnabemowin tribe. They also have a gift
shop and the Shangewigamig Café. Here’s some of the history of This
Tribe. 10,000 years ago, (that’s a long time!) The anishinabek lived
along the Atlantic seaboard from what is now Nova Scotia to the
Carolinas. From the 1200-1300s,     the Anishinabek established the
Three Fires Confederacy throughout what is now Michigan. In 1937, the
Saginaw Chippewa Indian Tribe was reorganized under the Indian
Reorganization Act.

Today’s proud Saginaw Chippewa Indian Tribe works with the greater
Central Michigan area to promote education and programs not only for the
Indians of the area, but for all community members. The Tribe works to
further the progress of other Indian Nations as well by working through
state and federal legislation. Being located in the middle of Michigan,
where they have lived for over 100 years, and close to their historic
land base, the members of the Saginaw Chippewa Indian Tribe remain
uniquely focused on the present and future, while still remembering the
past. And there is also 7th Generation. Their goal is to put the old and
the young together and we may keep our cultural, keep alive our
traditions, and keep alive our language. The 7th Generation program
works to create cultural and traditional activities that foster the four
directions of our tradition. Our school has the grades Preschool to 8th;
we have classes like Science, Social Studies, Math, And Language arts.
And Language and culture classes, they teach us about what the Indians
did back then, like playing old games, beading, and learning their
languanges. Well, that’s all I got to

Michael T. Sowmick
8th grader
Saginaw Chippewa Montessori Middle School


What Everyone Should Know About my Tribe
*~*Saginaw Chippewa*~*
My name is Morgan Rose Trepanier. I live in Mount Pleasant, Michigan, I
am 12 years old. I was born in Crow, Montana, I go to an Indian school
where they teach us culture and Ojibway. It is fun to learn new words
and I like to bead too.       

I like to play Indian baseball. They taught us how to play it in Ojibway
class at my school We have Pow-wows here and at the school too. They are
fun! Sometimes, I even go to Pow-wows in Montana with my cousins.

I play on the SCIT basketball team. It is fun to go to tournaments. We
got 2nd place this year. Last year, we got 3rd but, we are getting

We also have a casino and a museum called the Ziibiwing Center. In 2004,
the Ziibiwing Center opened and in 1999 the casino opened. The Center
teaches us about our culture and history, We go there sometimes. I also
like to go to the casino/resort. It is a lot of fun to stay the night

                          The end
              By: Morgan Trepanier
Date: April 6, 2006 Saginaw Chippewa Montessori Middle School


What everyone needs to know about my tribe..

*Saginaw Chippewa Indian Tribe*

     The Saginaw Chippewa tribe originally lived, hunted, fished and
traded in southern and Midwestern areas of what is now known as the
state of Michigan. Treaties between the young American government and
the Saginaw bands began in the late 1700’s and continued into the late
1800’s. Each treaty allowed less and less land based on the tribe’s
normal pursuits until finally in 1837 all remaining land was gone!

     The Saginaw Chippewa tribe is headquartered on the Isabella
reservation. The tribal reservation was established under the treaty of
October 18, 1864 and the current tribal membership is 2,754. At the time
of the establishment of the Isabella reservation in 1864; 98,000 acres
were owned by tribal members out of the the total 138,240 acres that
comprised the reservation. In 1993, they signed a gaming compact with
the state of Michigan which is booming and has evolved into the Soaring
Eagle Resort and Casino.

     I think my tribe is doing very well compared to prior history, we
have our own tribal council, gym educational system, cultural center,
and law enforcement.

Saginaw Chippewa Montessori middle school

Grade 6


What Everyone Needs to Know About My Tribe

My tribe is the Saginaw Chippewa Indian Tribe in Mount Pleasant
Michigan. The tribe is supported by two casinos, a large one and a
smaller one. The larger of the two has an adjoining hotel with several
ballrooms. It also has restaurants, a day care and an arcade.

The tribal council that decides what to do with all of the incoming
money is located at our Tribal Center, which also has a public library,
gym and kitchen. Behind the Tribal Center is the Nimkii Clinic were you
go if you are sick. The clinic also has a workout room.

My tribe has two schools for the education of our youth and a college.
We also have two churches and a campground that the tribal members
refer to as the “hill”.

The money from the casino is the sole funding for the tribal schools
and businesses. In order to help out the tribal members some money is
given to the tribal members in the form of per capita. This money
supports the members and their families, helping them live a better and
easier life.

There is also the Ziibawing Cultural Center that has a lot of
information about my tribe’s old way of life from before the coming of
the Europeans, history during and after the European times, and our
current way of life. It has lots of artifacts and treaties. There is
also a gift shop where you can buy traditional beadworks, other regalia,
and the center includes a café.

On the tribal reservation there is another cultural center called 7th
Generation, which grows traditional medicines and foods. There is a
kitchen, a woodworking shop, a greenhouse, and a stone shop.

This is what I think people should know about my tribe.

By: Sam Mitchell



The Saginaw Chippewa Indian tribe is in mt.pleasant, Michigan. We have
POW wows where there is dancing, and drumming. And you can eat native
foods like fry bread, Chile, and Indian tacos. we have a casino and a
hotel called the soaring eagle casino and resort. you can go swimming
and eat good food. we have a place called the ziibwing center. it’s a
museum where we can learn about our past and our ancestors. It displays
our Indian ways of doing things and all that kind of stuff, I like it
its pretty cool. we have a gym called the eagles nest where you can play
basketball and read books at the library .      

We also have our own school called Saginaw Chippewa Montessori school
the grades for the school are pre primary to 8th grade. We have many
opportunities to learn about our old language, culture and making very
neat and fancy native things. our school is pretty cool.
Our culture class we learn about our language and play games that are

In 1855 and 1864 ,Tribal members sign treaty with U.S. government,
creating list of Chippewa members. in1883 Federal government records
show an additional 115 members of the tribe got land. Also in1982: the
Tribe adopted 440 new members into the tribe.                  

And we have our own basketball teams and base ball teams for girls and
boys. we go to place called 7th generation too where we learn about
tapping trees and stuff like that . The Saginaw Chippewa tribe is the
best tribe and I’m glad to be apart of it I like my tribe!

Amber flamand
Saginaw Chippewa Montessori middle school grade 6th   


What Everyone Needs to Know
About my Tribe
By Bethany Hinmon

My tribe offers many opportunities for learning our culture. We also
have many community events that bring us all together to have fun. I
attend the Saginaw Chippewa Montessori Middle School from 8:15 to 3:15
every Monday thru Friday. My school offers my friend’s and I
opportunities for us to learn our culture. By having a culture and
language staff that we see every Monday, Wednesday, and Friday we learn
language, beading, Native American sports and other things.
We also hold annual Pow-wows in honor of elder’s in our tribe, who
were great leaders. We also have a cultural center called the ziibiwing
center. We can look at exhibits, and documents on where the Anishnabe
have been, what it was like to be a Native American long ago, and what
it was like.

My tribe has a basket ball team that travels around Michigan and plays
basketball. Our team practices at the gym. Our gym has a basketball
court, homework lab, and a library. We have a fitness center that joins
up with Nimkee our local health clinic. Also in our clinic we have
social services which is located across the street from the gym.
We are also very proud of the Youth Task Force. They coordinate many of
our tribal trips for the youth. They have hiking trips, white water
rafting, celebrations, and community cook-outs. So, what I think
everyone needs to know about my tribe is that in a tribe you should have
nice people who do nice things and I think we have that.

Bethany Hinmon
7th grade
Saginaw Chippewa Montessori Middle School


Corinna Harris
April 6, 2006

What Everyone Should Know About my Tribe!
*Saginaw Chippewa Indian Tribe*

     My name is Corinna Harris. I am 14 years old. I was born in
Saginaw. I am part of the Saginaw Chippewa Indian Tribe of Michigan. The
reservation I live on is very nice, they have a native school called the
Saginaw Chippewa Academy. I have been going to the Academy since I was 5
years old. They teach you cultural actives like beading and making
rattles. There is also an Ojibway program and they teach us our Native
language. They also have an after school problem to teach us how to
drum, dance and learn more about our Native ways. I learned how to dance
fancy shawl from the after school programs they teach. I was the first
Princess of the Academy.

     On this reservation, they have a tribal gym for the youth to hang
out. The gym has different activities for you to sign up for like
basketball, baseball, boxing, and many more. I am part of the basketball
team. They are called the Eagles and they call the gym our Eagle’s
Nest. We have a campground also called, “the hill.” People go up
there to camp out and to go swimming. There are two casinos. They are
called the Soaring Eagle Casino and Resort. They have an arcade,
restaurants, child care and slot machines (for adults).

     The tribe also built the Ziibwing Center of Anishinabe Culture &
Lifeways. They have an exhibit where you can walk through and learn some
interesting things about our tribe’s past, present, and future. Every
year, in August, they have their annual Pow-wows called Little Elk
Retreat but, I believe they have changed the name. I like to dance in
the Pow-wows. I can learn new fancy shawl moves from the older women.
Back in our past, we were never allowed to learn our Native language and
our Native ways. We used to have to go to boarding schools, where if you
spoke the Native language, we would get in trouble. I really enjoy
living here on this reservation with my family and friends. That’s all
I can tell everyone about my tribe.

Corinna Haris
8th grade
Saginaw Chippewa Montessori Middle School


What You Should Know About my Tribe

In 1855 and 1864 the tribal members signed a treaty with the government
making a list of Chippewa Members. In 1864, there was 98,000 acres
owned by tribal members. In 1993 the tribe opens the Soaring Eagle
Casino and Resort. The Saginaw Chippewa Indian Tribe has been very
successful. They have invested about 700,000 dollars in the schools.
We have elementary, middle school, alternative schools and a tribal
college.      Many activities and concerts are held at the Soaring Eagle
Casino. They are advertised on a huge screen built near the highway.
The Parks and Recreation Department has many activities during the
summer months. There is a pool where kids can go swimming. There is a
dirt track behind the middle school to ride dirt bikes and
four-wheelers. We have a museum called the Ziibiwing Center. The
museum has a bunch of our history about our ancestors and tribal members
get in free. I love my tribe and all its benefits. We are so lucky to be
part of the Saginaw Chippewa tribe.
By: Kevin Miller


~*What Everyone*~ ~*Should Know*~ ~*About*~
~*My Tribe*~
~*Saginaw Chippewa Indian Tribe*~
~*And What Some People Don’t Know*~

Hello my name is on it
Mariah Rae Pelcher, I go to the Saginaw Chippewa Montessori Middle

I’m In 5th grade and I was born in Midland, Michigan on December 7th

My family and get per capita.

That is money that is generated by our Casino

People know we won’t have percap forever, but some people depend on

A couple of years ago we made a compact with the state of Michigan so we
can have the Casino to gamble.

We had to pay the Government for a certain amount for a certain period
of time.

We had to sign a contract for the time when it had to be paid off.

If its not, they will have to CLOSE our

We paid it for a year or two, then, they decided to give the money to
the community.

We also stopped paying the state of Michigan.

We get 2% of the money.

So, in a couple of years, when the state wants a lot more money (and I
mean a lot of money) for not getting their money for all those years…

That will mean no more money for everyone.

I know a lot of people work at the Soaring Eagle Casino and there might
not be a casino.

But enough about that, let’s talk about, well every thing else.

We have a school that only Native Americans attend.

It’s very fun and we get a good education.

We have a gym called the Eagle Nest and a basket ball team called the

We have a Pow Wow Arena that’s at the hill and people can go there to
go swimming. At he 7tth   Gen we use the trees there to collect the sap
to make maple syrup.

Being Native American or just being Indian, you can always find
something to laugh about.


What Everyone Needs to Know About my Tribe.

Everyone needs to know that the Saginaw Chippewa Tribe is the best of
the best of the best, because we have ceremonies, feasts, get togethers,
Ojibwa and culture teachings at our schools, all sorts of activities,
drumming lessons, pow wows, great food such as fry bread, bean soup,
blanket dogs, strawberry shortcake, corn soup, and Indian tacos. We also
have our own gym which we now call the Eagles Nest. Our logo is an eagle
that is red, white, and black which are our colors for our sport teams,
uniforms. We have basketball, baseball teams and also have boxing
available at the boxing barn.

Our casino brings many people here from around the country because of
our casino, buffet, Kids Quest (childcare), Cyber Quest (arcade),
swimming pool, hotel, and the beautiful paintings, sculptors and Native
Art that are displayed in the casino and hotel, which are connected
together. We also have another older casino which is smaller and is
located across from the big casino. It has bingo and some slot machines
in it. You can take a shuttle back and forth from casinos so you do not
have to drive or walk.

There is also the Ziibiwing Center that displays all of our history over
the years. Many people from the United States and other countries have
visited the Center. There are murals, videos, artifacts and exhibits.
It also includes a café and a gift shop.

We have our own newspaper called the Tribal Observer. It includes news
and pictures of things that go on around our rez and things that will be
coming up. Located on Tomah Road is our campground which has an outside
pool, bathrooms, a playground which has horseshoes and one big wooden
boat with swings and a slide. Our campground is known as “the hill”
to local community members. There is the Nimkee Clinic and Fitness
center right behind the tribal gym that you can use at anytime or go
there if you are sick or need help. There is also a Tribal college that
provides learning for adults and teenagers that are on their way to a

In conclusion everyone should know about my tribe because we are
successful. We are regaining/relearning our Native language, have our
own cultural historical center, a strong tribal council and some good
financial support for our community.

Miranda Pelcher
8Th grade
Saginaw Chippewa Montessori Middle School


What Everybody Should Know About My Tribe
Hi, my name is Nick .I am a descendant of the Saginaw Chippewa Indian
tribe. The reservation is located in Mt. Pleasant, the central area of
Michigan. Most of the descendants haved moved to Ottawa County, KS.

Some important dates in tribal history are the years 1855 and 1864.
During these years a treaties were signed creating lists of Saginaw
Chippewa members. In 1867, a list of 1,555 members was published by the
U.S. Government who were entitled to land by those treaties.

In 1993, the Soaring Eagle Casino was opened in Mt. Pleasant, MI. In
1995, membership of certain members were being questioned by Tribal
Leaders. In 1996, tribal person, Phil Peters, cut profits of the people
who worked at the casino. In 1997, the new council has all 484 members

I hope my tribal representatives
By: Nick Shawboose
Continue to act fairly and wisely.


What You Need to
Know About my Tribe

In my community there are two casinos that support our whole tribe. All
the kids go to the Arcade, Kids Quest they like to walk up to the hill
(campgrounds) and go swimming in their pool. Parents go to the casino
and go play a little slots, and everyone knows everyone on the

On the rez there is only about 8 square miles they’re and that isn’t
much land at all. They’re building new houses closer and closer until
the rez is going to be full of houses. There is not enough room for
today’s population. There are some houses that are abandoned and they
don’t even tear them down and build new ones!

My school is the Montessori Middle School (the casino also supports our
school) it provides the best education we can get and we should be glad
to get this valuable chance to learn.

Roland Jackson
Montessori Middle School


What Everyone Needs to Know About my Tribe

I am from the Saginaw Chippewa Indian Tribe. My tribe is located in
Mount Pleasant, Michigan but, 10,000 years ago we lived in what is now
Nova Scotia down to the Carolinas. During 900 A.D., our tribe began
their walk to the Great Lakes of Michigan searching for the food that
grows on water (rice). They eventually made it to Michigan and formed
the Three Fires Confederacy around the 1200 to 1300’s.

During 1795-1838, we signed 7 treaties and gave up almost all of our
land. Then, we signed 2 treaties with the United States around 1855-1864
to establish the Isabella Indian Reservation. There are 12 members of
Tribal Council and the current chief of our Tribal Council is Fred
Cantu. Some of our people can even speak Ojibwe or Anishinabemowin which
is our sacred language.

I go to school at the Saginaw Chippewa Academy which is a Native
American school in our tribe. There is also a Tribal College, a gym and
a daycare. We also have a building called Elijah Elk Cultural Center
where my school visits on Thursdays. They have a kitchen, a stone shop,
a woodshop and a greenhouse out back of the Cultural Center.

The Tribe also owns the Soaring Eagle which is a casino and resort. The
casino was built around 1999. Some people I have met know how to make
baskets and almost all of my family can bead. We have Pow-wows where
people in regalia or traditional outfits come out and dance. There are
three types of women’s dances. They are Fancy Shawl, Traditional and
Jingle. There are also three types of men’s dances. They are called
Traditional, Fancy and Grass.

Tribal Members or people who are at least ÂĽ Native American get
percapita (money from the casino) and there are more than 2,000 tribal
members. The tribe owns around 1,500 acres of land. We also have a
building called the Ziibiwing Center of Anishnabe Culture and Lifeways
that was just opened in 2004. This building contains a café, a gift
shop , many exhibits about our culture, some old artifacts and some
beadwork by a couple members in my family. That’s what everyone should
know about my tribe.

By: Shannon Avery
8th grade
Saginaw Chippewa Academy


*~What Everyone Should Know About My Tribe~*
*~Saginaw Chippewa~*
~*~ What should everyone know about my Tribe? I don’t know! What
should they know? I don’t know! But I do know that most of the kids
like basketball, some like football, and some like other sports! Most of
the kids also go to the *Saginaw Chippewa Montessori Middle School*.
Most of us are friends, but some of us don’t get along with each
other! But I don’t think that matters because we are all one tribe!

~*~ I think it’s better to be a tribe then to not be one at all. Our
tribe has two casinos but one is also a resort. We also have a tribal
gym where basketball practices go on and we have a Ziibiwing Center on
East Broadway! At the Ziibiwing Center there is a museum of our
tribe’s history. There are two short movies. There are statues of real
tribal members, and much, much more. I may not know a lot of people, but
I do know we are all still one tribe! ~*~

I’d like to tell you a little about my tribe’s history!
In 10,000+years ago, Anishinabek lived along the Atlantic seaboard from
what is now Nova Scotia to the Carolinas.
In 1640, The first European visitors made contact with Anishinabek in
Baawaating. In 1924, The Indian Citizenship Act was enacted. In 1972,
The Saginaw Chippewa Indian Tribe opens their first gaming operation,
Car Bingo. In 1999, The Soaring Eagle Casino and Resort opened.
In 2000, The Saginaw Chippewa Indian Tribe became the largest employer
in Isabella County. In 2004, The Ziibiwing Center of Anishinabe Culture
and Lifeways opened.

Vanessa Rochelle Harris
April 6, 2006


That's it for now.

Have a great month.

Phil Konstantin

End of Phil Konstantin's Student Essay Entries 2006

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