. . . . . . . . . ============================================================ Start of Phil Konstantin's May 2006 Newsletter - Part 1 ============================================================ Greetings, I hope things are going well with you. I am doing fairly well. I had a good time at the San Diego State University Powwow last month. I was scheduled to be the California state flagbearer. Unfortunately, no one could find a California state flag. So, I took pictures for the Native American Student Alliance (N.A.S.A.). I have posted the pictures I took on the following website. FYI, each powwow is a little different from each other. Picture-taking was allowed at this powwow if it was of groups. Individual's photos required their approval. All of the photos on this page met those requirements. I have not really edited the website yet. It is just a long series of photos. http://americanindian.net/2006powwow/2006powwow.html ------- I made a very quick trip (4 days) through southern Utah and Mesa Verde in Colorado in late April. I literally took 1,100 photos while in the area. These include lots of petroglyphs (rock art) in Nine Mile Canyon and Newspaper Rock, and of the ancient structures at Mesa Verde. I traveled with the Nez family. The two children had a great time. Shandiin (Navajo, loosely translated as 'sunshine') really seemed to soak up quite a bit by her surroundings, even though she is only five. You can see my pictures at this page: http://americanindian.net/utah2006.html or from the link on my website's main page. ------- For those of you who read the most recent newsletters, Joe RedCloud is doing much better. We are all thankful for his improvements. ------- Tomorrow, my youngest daughter Sarah (and I) will be walking in a fund-raising event for the Arthritis Foundation. Sarah, who is only 24, has arthritis. There is still time for you to donate. A $1 donation would be appreciated! Thank you to those of you who have chipped in a dollar. You can help out by using the address below: https://www.kintera.org/faf/donorReg/donorPledge.asp?ievent=156795&lis=1&kntae156795=502A8EC3FF5040C196756BAFC874AB46&supId=116002317 ------- I'm sending this out a bit short. I will add the usual newspaper articles, notices stories and other items tomorrow. Stay safe, Phil ======================= X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X ======================= X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X ======================= The Link Of The Month for May 2006 is the "National Lewis & Clark Bicentennial Commemoration" website. It has tons of information of the 200 anniversary of this event. Many of the contributions have been made from the American Indian point of view. It is a well designed website, and is well worth a visit. http://www.lewisandclark200.org/ ======================= X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X ======================= X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X ======================= The Treaty of the Month for May 2006 is the TREATY WITH THE SENECA, 1842. May 20, 1842. | 7 Stat., 586. | Proclamation. Aug 26, 1842. It includes such stipulations as: "Indenture between Ogden and Fellows and the Seneca Indians. United States agree to said indenture. Indians who remove under treaty of April 4, 1840, entitled to benefits thereof." You can read a transcipt of the treaty at: http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/sen0537.htm ======================= X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X ======================= X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X ======================= Here are some random historical events for May: May 1, 1637: After numerous incidents, and incursions on both sides, English settlers in Connecticut declare war on the Pequot Indians. Most of the fighting take places in Connecticut and Massachusetts. May 2, 1670: King Charles of England gives all trade rights to "all the Landes Countreyes and Territoryes upon the Coastes and Confynes of the Seas" lying within the Hudson Strait to the Hudson’s Bay Company. This monopoly remains in effect until 1859. May 3, 490: Maya Lord Kan - Xul I (King K'an Joy Chitam I) is born, according to some sources. Eventually, he rules over Palenque, Mexico. Photos of Palenque can be found at my pages here: http://americanindian.net/mayae.html & http://americanindian.net/mexico14.html May 4, 1805: The Pascagoula, and the Biloxi, Indians sell their lands along the Gulf Coast to "Miller and Fulton." Miller and Fulton are among the first settlers in the Rapides Parish area. The documents, signed by six Indians, are confirmed. The Pascagoulas move to the Red River area. May 5, 1800: William Augusta Bowles is an adventurer in the southeastern part of the United States. With Creek and Cherokee supporters, he proclaims a new nation, Muscogee, out of lands claimed by Spain along the Gulf coast, with himself as "Director-General". Bowles declares war on Spain, and begins a campaign against their outposts in his "nation." Some sources list this as happening on April 5, 1800. May 6, 1626: The Purchase of Manhattan takes place. The Shinnecock or Canarsee Indians, according to which source you believe, sell it to Peter Minuit. May 7, 1877: Colonel Nelson Miles, and his force of four Cavalry Troops, and six Infantry Companies, finds Lame Deer, and his followers on the Muddy Creek, near the Rosebud. Nelson surprises the village with a charge. Lame Dear, and Iron Star, parley with Miles about a peaceful settlement, but after they return, fight erupts, again. The battle continues, and proceeds toward the Rosebud River. Lame Deer, Iron Star, and twelve other Indians are killed. Four soldiers are killed. Lt. Alfred M. Fuller, and six soldiers are wounded. Almost 450 mounts are seized. The camp supplies, and many lodges are also captured. Corporal Harry Garland and Private William Leonard, Company L, and Private Samuel Phillips, Company H, Second Cavalry, will win the Congressional Medal of Honor for "gallantry in action" as a part of today's battle. Company L First Sergeant Henry Wilkens, and Farrier William H. Jones, will also be awarded the Medal of Honor for their gallantry in today's battle, and for actions against the Nez Perce on August 20, 1877. May 8, 1725: In one of the last battles of Lovewell’s or Father Rasle’s War, Pigwacket Indians defeat a British army under Captain John Lovewell at Fryeburg, Maine. May 9, 1885: Today through the 12th, events in the Second Riel Rebellion take place in Canada. Major General Frederick Middleton and a force of 800 soldiers attack the Metis and Cree holding the village of Batoche. The fighting continues through the 12th until the soldiers finally overrun Batoche. May 10, 1869: One of the most devastating events in the lives of the plains Indians is the crossing of their lands by the railroads. The railroads bring settlers, hunters, and separate the buffalo herds.The "iron horses" of the Central Pacific and the Union Pacific meet at Promontory Point, Utah, completing the first cross continental railroad in the United States. May 11, 1968: The Constitution of the Indians of the Tulalip Tribes in Washington is modified. May 12, 1860: A battle in the Paiute War takes place in Nevada at Big Bend in the valley of the Truckee River. Major William Ormsby’s Nevada militia are attacked by Paiutes under war Chief Numaga. May 13, 1614: The Viceroy of Mexico finds Spanish Explorer Juan de Ońate guilty of atrocities against the Indians of New Mexico. As a part of his punishment, he is banned from entering New Mexico again. May 14, 1832: Near the Kyte River, Major Isaiah Stillman, and 275 soldiers are patrolling the area, on the lookout for Black Hawk. Weary of fighting, Black Hawk sends a few representatives to Stillman's camp to negotiate the surrender of his four dozen warriors. When the soldiers fire on Black Hawk's representatives, a few manage to escape. With the soldiers in pursuit, Black Hawk sets up an ambush. Becoming confused by the sudden attack, Stillman's troop panick and flee the area. Eleven soldiers, and three Indians are killed in the fighting. However, the soldiers report a massacre of troops. The "battle" is called "Stillman's Run." May 15, 1846: A treaty is signed by Texas Governor Pierce Butler, and Colonel M.G. Lewis (Meriwether Lewis' brother), and sixty-three Indians of the Aionai, Anadarko, Caddo, Comanche, Kichai (Keehy), Lepan (Apache), Longwha, Tahuacarro (Tahwacarro), Tonkawa, Waco, Wichita and tribes. It is ratified on February 15, 1847, and signed by President Polk on March 8, 1847. May 16, 1760: Creek warrior Chief Hobbythacco (Handsome Fellow) has often supported the English, but, at the outbreak of the Cherokee war, he decides to support the Cherokees. He leads an attack on a group of English traders in Georgia. Thirteen of the traders are killed during the fighting. Creek Chief "The Mortar" also participates in the fighting. May 17, 1629: According to a deed, Sagamore Indians, including Passaconaway, sell a piece of land in what becomes Middlesex County, Massachusetts. May 18, 1661: Captain John Odber is order by the Maryland General Assembly to take fifty men and go to the "Susquesahannough Forte." According to a treaty signed on May 16th, Maryland is required to help protect the Susquehannocks from raids by the Seneca. Odber’s force is to fulfill that part of the treaty. May 19, 1796: Congress passes "An Act Making Appropriations for Defraying the Expenses Which May Arise in Carrying into Effect a Treaty Made Between the United States and Certain Indian Tribes, Northwest of the River Ohio." May 20, 698: As part of a series of attacks on neighboring cities in Guatemala, Maya warriors from Naranjo attack Kinichil Kab' May 21, 1877: In retaliation for the Custer defeat, the Sioux and Ponca are ordered to go to a new reservation in Indian Territory (present day Oklahoma). The Poncas have nothing to do with the war, and they continue their complaints about the bureaucratic error which places them on a reservation with the Sioux in the first place. The government does not bend, and the Ponca begin their march to Indian Territory. May 22, 1851: As one of the last conflicts in the "Mariposa Indian Wars" in California, a large group of Yosemite Indians are captured at Lake Tenaija. May 23, 1873: The Northwest Mounted Police is founded. One of the main reasons for its creation is the problems being fomented by Americans selling alcohol to Canadian Indians. This organization eventually becomes the Royal Canadian Mounted Police. May 24, 1539: Mexican Viceroy Don Antonio de Mendoza has decided to send an expedition to search for wealthy cities north of Mexico. On March 7, 1539, Friar Marcos de Niza started the expedition from Culiacan. Accordiong to Niza’s journal, he finally sees Cibola, although he never sets foot in the pueblo. His report will lead to future expeditions looking for the "Seven Cities of Gold." May 25, 1673: At the site of modern Niles, Michigan, the British erected Fort St. Joseph. Its garrison of sixteen men, led by Ensign Francis Schlosser, is attacked by a large Potawatomi war party. Only Schlosser and three other men survive the attack. The British are later traded for Potawatomi prisoners in Detroit. May 26, 1540: The "Lady of Cofitachequi" has been taken with the de Soto expedition, against her will. With a large quantity of the pearls that de Soto's men took from her village, she escapes. May 27, 1763: Fort Miami is located at the site of modern Fort Wayne, Indiana. It is garrisoned by twelve British soldiers, led by Ensign Robert Holmes. Pontiac's rebellion has started, and the Ensign is convinced to leave the Fort by his Miami Indian girlfriend. Miami warriors kill the Ensign, and a Sergeant who leaves to Fort to look for the Ensign. The Miamis demand the surrender of the remaining soldiers. To drive home their point, they throw the head of Ensign Holmes into the fort. The soldiers surrender, and all but one are eventually killed. May 28, 1830: Andrew Jackson, called "Sharp Knife" by the Indians, has long fought the Indians of the southeast. He believes that the Indians and white settlers will not be able to peacefully live together. His solution to this is to renege on all of the previous treaties, which granted the Indians their lands forever, and to move all Indians west of the Mississippi River. Jackson makes this proposal to Congress during his First Congressional speech on December 8, 1829. Congress makes the proposal into a law on this date. May 29, 1980: Department of the Interior Field Solicitor Elmer Nitzschke, states the Mille Lacs Reservation Business Committee has the right to control the Sandy Lakes Indian Reservation in Minnesota. The Sandy Lakes Band of Ojibwe, which lives on the reservation, feels they should have control of the reservation. May 30, 1851: A treaty is signed by Kko-ya-te and Wo-a-si, in California. May 31, 1796: The Treaty of the Seven Tribes of Canada is signed by three Chiefs at New York City. The tribes give up all claims to lands in New York, except six square miles in Saint Regis. They are paid 1233 pounds, six shillings, and eight pence now, and 213 pounds, six shillings, eight pence annually, if five more Chiefs show up and sign the treaty. ======================= X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X ======================= X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X ======================= That's it for now. Have a great month. Phil Konstantin http://americanindian.net ============================================================ End of Phil Konstantin's May 2006 Newsletter - Part 1 ============================================================ . . . . . .. . . ============================================================ Start of Phil Konstantin's May 2006 Newsletter - Part 2 ============================================================ Greetings, Well, I am back again with more articles, notices & links. Yesterday, my youngest daughter Sarah (and I) participated in a fund-raising event for the Arthritis Foundation. Sarah, who is only 24, has arthritis. There is still time for you to donate. A $1 donation would be appreciated! Thank you to those of you who have chipped in a dollar (or more). You can help out by using the address below: https://www.kintera.org/faf/donorReg/donorPledge.asp?ievent=156795&lis=1&kntae156795=502A8EC3FF5040C196756BAFC874AB46&supId=116002317 ------- Stay safe, Phil ======================= X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X ======================= X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X ======================= Articles: -------- Andre Cramblit puts out an very informative e-mail newsletter. You can sign up for it at http://www.Topica.com by looking up: IndigenousNewsNetwork This is an article he wrote. I am posting it with his permission. From: andre cramblit Subject: AB 2665 California Indian Education Commission: Here is my own (PERSONAL) response to the Goldberg (California AB 2665) Indian Education Commission Bill. The entire Bill can be found @: http://www.aroundthecapitol.com/bills/AB_2665/ I encourage you to look at this Bill carefully. All in all it is a good initial concept, but I think it is being submitted far too early and with out enough clarity to ensure adequate controls, community discussion or steady funding for long-term stability. I am concerned how much power it puts into an independent agency. I am not implying that Natives do not have the capability to administer programs in our own best interests; in fact I am a staunch supporter of Tribal Sovereignty. This Bill puts Indian Education in California in the hands of 13 individuals with unknown personal and political agendas. The way the Commission is proposed leaves several issues unanswered for me: Why do we need the state to authorize and fund what is basically a Private Foundation or non-profit corporation to go out and seek funds? What other Foundation is authorized and financed by the State? If Natives in California need a foundation then they should form one (with a fair contribution coming from CNIGA). Why should the California Department of Education (CDE) and other appropriate agencies not maintain administrative oversight of programs supported by the Tax Payer? This Bill makes no clear provision for representing the Urban Native population. There are five representatives to the Commission appointed by Tribes and one each representing an accredited Tribal College (of which there are none now), CSU, UC, Community Colleges, CDE AIEC, BIA, and Title VII. This could well serve to disenfranchise the majority of Natives who come from tribes outside of California. The Bill cites the statistic that California has the largest population of American Indians in the Nation, many of them are here as a result of reallocation policies of the Federal Government. If an 'Advisory Council on Indian Education was established within the CDE for the purpose of providing educational recommendations, but is no longer functioning' why do we not just revive it? That would be much simpler, less costly and wouldn't even need an assembly bill. The Bill states, 'American Indian pupils deserve additional and appropriate support to meet the challenges of the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (20 U.S.C. Sec. 6301 et seq.) in a manner consistent with tribal traditions, languages, and cultures.' I agree, but it is the Feds that implemented and under funded NCLB. How is a California Commission going to impact this? And what will be the purpose when NCLB is gone in a few years? The bill enables the Commission to 'Formalize the government-to-government relationship between the state and California's tribes and expand the relationships with any entities that serve American Indian pupils.' I believe this should be left to the Tribal governments not a Commission. This will be a detriment to true government-to-government relationships by putting in place an intermediary body between the Governor's Office and the duly elected Tribal Council. 13 Commissioners cannot, nor should not, try to represent the 109 Federally recognized tribes in California. One of the Commission members is 'A representative of the department, whose background includes vocational and early childhood education and who is appointed by the Superintendent.' Why just those specific areas? Why not Higher Education, American Indian Education, Evaluation Design, Curriculum Development or any of the other fields that are also critical for Native student success. The Bill mentions Public Hearings but has held none so far in regard to the creation of this Commission. It has not been done in consultation with Tribes, or Native Organizations as far as I am aware. What is the rush? Take it to the people for input to make sure this is the best approach available. The Bill discusses the importance of Tribal Languages, but has no specifics about approaches, funding sources or curriculum to support languages. There are no linguists that are associated with advising the board. As there are over 100 Native languages spoken in California this could be an issue that consumes many resources. I agree with many of the tenets outlined within the Bill. I just do not see how a Commission is the most efficient way of accomplishing that. The Commission, as proposed, is too vaguely defined and given far too broad of authority to oversee what it sounds like can be just about anything they choose to define as being related to Indian Education. We do not need another state boondoggle*, we need to effectively use the resources currently available and hold the state and federal government accountable to their treaty, trust and moral obligations to Native Americans. The money that would be used in creating, staffing and operating this Commission could be best put into funding existing programs and services to make a more direct, immediate, impact on Native students. Another bureaucratic and potentially overt political body is not the panacea for the educational issues in the Native Community. I welcome your replies. Andre P. Cramblit andre. p. cramblit. 86 @ alum. dartmouth.org (delete the spaces) * From The Oxford English Dictionary: boondoggle : noun 1) work or activity that is wasteful or pointless but gives the appearance of having value : writing off the cold fusion phenomenon as a boondoggle best buried in literature. 2) a public project of questionable merit that typically involves political patronage and graft: they each drew $600,000 in the final months of the great boondoggle. verb [ intrans. ] waste money or time on such projects. ORIGIN 1930s: of unknown origin. Andre's comments were regarding the bill mentioned in this message: May 2, 2006 TO: Tribal Governments and Community FROM: Hon. Jackie Goldberg, Chair Assembly Committee on Education RE: Invitation to discussion on AB 2665 and AB 2666: Southern California I have introduced two bills on the subject of American Indian education, AB 2665 and AB 2666. Assembly Bill 2665 would establish the American Indian Education Commission comprised of both tribal and state stakeholders. The idea behind the commission is that it would provide a platform to identify needs in American Indian education based on empirical data and, subsequently, develop comprehensive American Indian education policy. American Indians currently do not have a seat at the table relative to state education and this would provide several. AB 2666 provides that a student in higher education who can demonstrate that he or she is a member of a tribal entity is entitled to resident classification for purposes of fees. Peer support networks for American Indians on university campuses are suffering because of record lows in Indian enrollment, thus retention programs cannot meet their goals. The nonresident fee waiver seeks to partially build-up campus Indian communities so that California Indian students, and non-California Indian students will have a peer support network to help them navigate their way through our universities. I am committed to working with tribal governments and community members to further develop these bills so that it continues to receive support and to ensure that its design will truly benefit American Indian students. There seems to be an assumption that these bills are a final version, but this is simply untrue. I respectfully ask for your attendance at a meeting to discuss both measures, provide clarification, and hear concerns. The Morongo Band of Mission Indians has graciously offered to host the southern California meeting to discuss the legislation: Northern/Central California: Southern California: Thursday, May 11, 2006 at 11:00am Friday, May 19, 2006 at 2:00pm At At California State Capitol Room 437 Morongo Community Center Sacramento, CA 95814 13000 Fields Road 10th Street and Capitol Mall Fields Road exit I-10 ------------ Here is another comment about the subject: Honorable Jackie Goldberg, Chair May 2, 2006 California State Assembly Committee on Education 1020 N Street Room 159 Sacramento, CA. 95814 (916) 319-2087 (p) (916) 319-2187 (f) Re:AB 2665 (California American Indian Education Commission) Honorable Chairwomen Goldberg: This is my second response to AB 2665. As proposed, this bill does not come close to representing the best interests of native students, native communities and especially Tribal Nations in California. In the native community there is a general “way” (rules) that is followed and I’m sure that this “way” applies in your political circle as well. That “way” that I speak of is that you must involve the people who are being affected, garner their support or it won’t work. In my most humble opinion, this most challenging task of involving all of the Indian Education Centers (31), Indian education leaders, native parents and tribes has not been accomplished, or there wouldn’t be such criticism of your legislation. I want to make another comment on communication. I read Mr. Andre Cramblit’s open personal response to AB 2665, and have agreed with the points that he has made. I have also read your response to Mr. Cramblit’s points regarding AB 2665 through your legislative staffer, Mr. Curtis Notsinneh’s. I hope when you respond back to me that I, nor other tribal leaders will not be “put-down” as you have “put-down” Mr. Cramblit. I have known Mr. Cramblit for over 20 years and consider him a leader in Indian education. The comments on Gaming Tribes should have been qualified before making such accusations. For example, my tribe, which has a Casino, supports Indian education and has empowered Local Indians For Education, Inc. to contract dollars from the Federal Even Start Program to provide services in part of our Ancestral Territories to our tribal citizens. Without going any further, I am confident that this communication mistake won’t happen again and I would say that Mr. Cramblit deserves an apology, or at least another response that’s not so condescending. I’m not convinced of the make-up of the California American Indian Education Commission. My main concern lies primarily with the mention of Government-to-Government Relationship that the Commission proposes to enjoy. I’m sure that this Commission, as proposed, cannot engage in Government-to- Government Relationship like a sovereign tribe. All in all, I think the Commission needs more vision as to what the intent is. To me, the intent of this bill is stabilizing and protecting the Indian Education Centers and the services that they provide to the students, parents and families. Below are suggestions to consider: RECOMMENDATIONS •It is crucial to delay current California Legislative Committees from pressing AB 2665 forward without the considerations of all the California American Indian Educations Centers input, since it directly affects them. Therefore, in the next six to nine months setting statewide hearings that contain reasonable and respectable timelines that will foster dialogue and inclusion of all those being affected and all those who have solutions to those issues that come about when working on such visions. •Reinstate the existing “Advisory Council of Indian Education”. This would eliminate the make up of the current Commission and give the Advisory Council of Indian Education an opportunity to engage in the current issues being raised in the State of Indian Education Centers in California now. •Create a Joint/Tribal/Community Education Leader Ad-Hoc Study Team. This team would review existing Indian education legislation, devise and implement a plan to coordinate comprehensive delivery of services among the 31 State of California Indian Education Centers and the BIA tribally- controlled school programs. Also, work closely with Title VII, JOM, ECE, Charter Schools and other public education entities to ensure an inclusive Indian education vision (Advisory Council of California Indian Policy, September, 1997) •Strongly consider taking out the Tribal Regional Representatives on the proposed Commission. This would eliminate trying to create a Commission that will try and have Government-to-Government Relations. •If considerations of Tribal Regional Representative continues, then perhaps the Commission could enjoy such close privileges of Government-to-Government Relations by obtaining tribal resolutions from those tribes who may choose to empower a Commission in contracting their federal education dollars and then the Commission would be empowered to provide educational services to those tribal citizens in which they have resolutions to provide services for. However, it may be difficult to get all tribes on board and could prove difficult for the Commission to carry out. •Replace Tribal Regional Representatives on the Commission and place native people from each area in its place. The native people from each area could be tribal people who are concerned about Indian Education Centers and already promote and care about Indian Education. The native people who belong to that region that will have a seat could vote the Commissioner in. This would eliminate the issues of the Commission proposing to conduct Government-to-Government Relationships as well. •Replace Tribal Regional Representatives on the Commission with a representative who is voted on by the boards of directors of each Indian Education Center from those proposed regions? This would eliminate the issues of the Commission proposing to conduct Government-to-Government Relationships. •Encouraged Tribal Nations to participate in the California American Indian Education Centers by creating Guiding Priorities on Indian education for the whole of California so that the Indian Education Centers can incorporate those Tribal Education Priorities into their goals, objectives and activities. As a parent involved in my local Indian Education Programs (Title VII Indian Education Program – Parent Chair, AB 1544 American Indian Early Childhood Education Program – Parent Committee & CIEC Local Indians For Education, Inc. – Board of Director, and Pitt River Tribe Indian Education), I’m concerned of the strong language put in AB 2665 and how it might affect these programs and their activities. This legislation is out-of-sight – out-of-mind with the other Indian Education Programs and no one I’ve talked with knew that this bill was being introduced. Also, the bill makes no provisions for representing the Urban Native population or non-federally recognized tribes. It is imperative that this and future Indian education legislation be designed by or work in close consultation with Indian educators, Indian parents, Indian community and tribal leaders. Besides, the proposed Commission has too much power and its whole structure and process needs work. Please respond back at your earliest convenience. I can also be reached by email: hestum @ c-zone.net, or write to the above address or leave me a message at the Tribal Office. Coming From A Space Of Respect, Radley Davis, Illmawi Tribal Councilman Pitt River Nation Cc: open letter – permission to distribute ------------ I received this article from the Native American Student Alliance. I am passing it along for you to make up your own mind. My Friends-This story needs to be told-Jacki His meeting w/ Fed Agent might be over by now, but I believe we still need to let as many people as possible know what happened. Thank you. Mikang If you can, send this out to everyone you know. It happened in TX, but can happen anywhere. Please contact any government official you can regarding this travesty. Please send up smoke in support of this person. Write this person & let him know he's not alone. thank you. Dear Friends: I have an urgent prayer request. As you know, there are many things in our culture sacred to us. One is the circle we form when we have powwows. The things we do within it are done with great respect and reverence. Some of the objects we wear in our outfits are treated with great respect and honor and we cherish the honor of having them. One is the eagle feathers that have been passed to us as reminders of who we are as Native people. We treat our eagle feathers with great respect and take care of them. Well, this has been a battle from the beginning. Today the federal government controls who may & may not have eagle feathers. It sets its rules & regulations to restrict us, as Native Americans, from using them in a good and sacred way. Well, in spite of a good powwow, we had a big problem. Saturday afternoon, my brother in law was called outside the circle by what he thought was a tourist with a question. It was a Federal agent who started to harass him and eventually took away his bustle. As this was happening, I came out and he started harassing me about my roach feathers and told me (without showing proof) he was a Fed Agent, to take my feathers off and give them to him. I asked 4 times for proof he was a Fed agent, but in the process he continued harassing, threatening and telling me 'I can do this the easy way or the hard way'. He threatened to arrest me if I didn't give him my roach feathers. After the 4th request he showed me proof he was a Federal agent, then demanded I give him my roach feathers. I told him "No" and that as a Native American I had the right to wear them. He demanded I prove I was Native American, which I did. Then he proceeded to take away my brother in law's bustle. I said he couldn't take them because they were my feathers (which they were) and I'd loaned them to him (which I had). He told me I didn't have the right to lend feathers to anyone and I was the only one who could legally use them. The argument continued. At the end, he took them with him, then proceeded to enter the circle to harass other people. I tried to stop him with the argument that this was a sacred gathering, but by this time he was out to prove a point, barged into the powwow and started harassing dancers and vendors. He eventually left, but with a set of bustles & roach feathers I'd loaned. We'll be meeting him Tuesday to argue the point, so I'm asking you to pray for me. I need to know you're behind me. I'm one man facing the Federal government Tuesday. I've a feeling that unless the Creator intervenes this will be a long drawn out battle. Our tribal chairman will be sending an official complaint to the federal office Monday and I've been advised to take this to the local news as personal harassment and discrimination against our legal right to use feathers. Pray the Creator gives me wisdom to say & do the right thing when we meet. If ever I needed your prayers & support it's now. I'll keep you updated as things develop. This isn't been the first time we've been harassed, but it's the first time they've taken feathers. The bustle was made out of feathers given to me in 1970. The roach feathers were given to me by an Indian lady who I helped through the dying process of cancer 10 yrs ago. Creator bless. Robert Soto - Lipan Apache ROBTSOTO @ aol.com ----------- Mashpee Wampanoag Recognition In 1976, when the Mashpee Wampanoag Nation brought a land claims suit into federal court, I don't know if any of those elders expected that their identities and reputations would end up on trial as a result. For three decades now, anthropologists have written, taught, debated, and examined the records of that case, but few scholars have considered the degree to which their own constructs of indigenous identity, authenticity, sovereignty, and power may have continued to marginalize Native peoples and Native identities east of the Mississippi. James Clifford, in "Identity in Mashpee"in _The Predicament of Culture_ (1988), and Jack Campisi, in _The Mashpee Indians: Tribe on Trial_(1991) brought the Mashpee land claims and recognition to the fore, but the issues they raised - of identity, hybridity, social relations, and popular notions of authenticity - have not yet been resolved for Native communities, and continue to impact the federal recognition process today. I am curious to know how these and other scholarly articles have been used in classroom situations, and whether academics have invited contemporary Native people into those classrooms to interpret what has been written about them. The biological anthropologists among us have confirmed that race is a social construct - if so, why then are Native people still being expected to conform to outdated and Eurocentric notions of ethnicity, race and identity? Why are the racial card, the question of ssimilation, and notions of authenticity and genealogy so quick to come to the fore when Native people start actively talking back to erasure, taking back control of their histories, and fighting to achieve even limited forms of sovereignty in what were once exclusively indigenous homelands across the continent? I find it curious that African-Americans, Asian Americans, and other ethnic groups find no resistance to their choices to self-identify and self-select, even with hybrid bloodlines, while Native American peoples are still expected to conform to externally-imposed notions of identity, that may be based in outdated racial constructs, superficial physiognomy, and federal definitions of what constitutes an "Indian." Why is federal recognition now the marker of authenticity for Native communities? Why is is that so many western tribes, having been removed to reservations, have had such an easy time being recognized by the descendants of those who removed them, while so many eastern tribes have had to fight for their reputations as Indians? Is the "vanishing Indian" trope still that powerful? Why is it that towns and state officials in Connecticut flipped out at the prospect that the Schaghticoke and Eastern Pequot might be recognized as sovereign tribes within that state? How can the American public and government officials find it so terrifying to acknowledge the persistence of Native tribes east of the Mississippi? I would suggest that federal recognition, in its current structural form, has little to do with Native authenticity in a deep indigenous sense, and everything to do with federal power and selective constructions of the history of marginalized ethnic peoples. For generations, white historians have been busily scripting heroic arratives of their forefather's wars with the Indians, while hoping that the Indians would eventually disappear, or be assimilated. In the modern world, that disappearance can also be accomplished bloodlessly by recourse to a single set of fixed federal criteria, heavily reliant upon paper documentation written and archived by non-Native observers. The delays in federal recognition cases (with an average waiting period of 14 years), and the denials based on spotty documentation, are achieving a de-tribalization akin to that practiced in the mid-20th century. Even with all of this being said, let me send Ktsiwligowi, great, good luck to the Mashpee Wampanoag people, with congratulations for their well-deserved and hard-earned recognition by the federal government. If only it hadn't been so long in coming, if only so many elders hadn't passed over while waiting for the day that their relatives would finally be acknowledged. The Wampanoag at Mashpee have resisted those who wished them to disappear. From here forward, let's hope this means that no outsider can ever again claim the right to dictate who is, or who is not, Mashpee, based on subjective judgments about skin color, traditional practices, blood quantum, or what some spiteful white man might say. Their Wampanoag ancestors know who they are. And so should we. Marge Bruchac ----------- Anthropologist Questions Schaghticoke Tribe's Loss Of Federal Recognition By Karen Florin 4/11/2006 New London –– Anthropologist Lucianne Lavin told an audience on Monday night that she was dumbfounded when the Bureau of Indian Affairs rescinded the Schaghticoke tribe's federal recognition last year. “The tribe thinks it was a political decision, and that might be right,” Lavin said. The Schaghticokes were recognized in 2004 but lost their federal acknowledgment last year based on an appeal by the state and several communities. Having worked with the tribe for the past quarter-century, Lavin knows their history well. She regaled a small audience at Connecticut College Monday with accounts of rattlesnake hunts on the tribe's rocky reservation in Kent, in northwestern Connecticut, and she showed slides of tribal members through the decades. Her lecture was entitled “Schaghticoke Struggles: Discrimination, Detribalization and Tribal Identify — Will Justice Prevail?” Her stories of rattlesnakes pointed to the resourcefulness of tribal members who would “salt” a particular area with snakes when white men came to hunt them once a year, because happy snake hunters were more likely to be generous with their food or their cash. Lavin said that Earl Kilson, a tribal sagamore (second-in- command) in the mid-1900s, milked rattlesnakes for their venom and sold snakes to the Beardsley and Bronx zoos. Most of Lavin's slides and stories illustrated the losses the tribe suffered over the years, culminating in the reversal of their federal recognition. “Federal recognition does not create a tribe,” she said. “It merely acknowledges who they are. Tribal people know who they are.” She showed maps of the reservation in the 18th, 19th and 20th centuries and told how the boundaries shrank as the white man sold 1,600 acres away from the tribe. The tribe was left with 400 acres of land unfit for farming and most other activities, she said. She showed pictures of tribal chiefs, elders and children, of powwows and handmade wood-splint baskets. She said that when the white men started mass-producing baskets, tribal women could no longer make a living with their craft. When the electric company put a dam on the Housatonic River, she said, fish no longer could come upriver to spawn and the tribe lost an important source of food. Although most tribal members eventually moved away from the reservation, they remained active in the tribe, she said. The state has always had overseers on the reservations, and the Department of Environmental Protection is considered the tribe's contemporary overseer. “How can you not have a tribe when you still have a state department overseeing the tribe?” Lavin said. “Difficult.” Conn college anthropology professor Harold D. Juli invited Lavin to speak as part of a series on the practice of anthropology outside of academia. The town of Kent acknowledged the Schaghticoke during its bicentennial celebration in 1939, but town leaders turned against the tribe at the end of the century, when it appeared they might be recognized by the federal government and attempt to reclaim hundreds of acres of land. The tribe was looking at Bridgeport as a place to build a casino. Gov. John G. Rowland proclaimed the Schaghticokes and four other state tribes as bona fide in 1996 when he declared October as Native American month. Gov. M. Jodi Rell, however, testified at a congressional hearing last year that “Connecticut has no historic reservations.” “I don't know what parallel universe she's living in,” Lavin said of the governor. Tribal Chief Richard Velky, who attended Lavin's lecture, said the Schaghticokes hope that an appeal of their recognition case in federal court will get a fair hearing. He said the tribe expects to hear something by the end of the month. ======================= X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X ======================= X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X ======================= News stories from online sources: --------------------------------- Cherokee Phoenix And Indian Advocate - entire May 2006 Issue http://www.cherokee.org/home.aspx?section=phoenix&Name=May2006&Area=News Lawsuit seeks showdown over reservation taxes http://www.indianz.com/News/2006/013769.asp Indian burial set at Mesa Verde http://www.cortezjournal.com/asp-bin/article_generation.asp?article_type=news&article_path=/news/06/news060420_5.htm A proper reburial at Mesa Verde http://www.denverpost.com/ci_3747780?source=rss Reburial of remains at Mesa Verde took 13 years http://www.indianz.com/News/2006/013803.asp Tribal governments change, not always for better - Column by Dorreen Yellow Bird http://www.grandforks.com/mld/grandforks/news/columnists/dorreen_yellow_bird/14201843.htm The chairman of the Three Affiliated Tribes talks about wind, water -- and the chances of him running for statewide office http://www.grandforks.com/mld/grandforks/news/editorial/14520270.htm Flu-free, but feverish about birds http://www.grandforks.com/mld/grandforks/news/columnists/14514717.htm Western Shoshone and others file suit to halt detonation http://www.indiancountry.com/content.cfm?id=1096412913 Bill supports allotments for Alaska Native veterans http://www.indianz.com/News/2006/013545.asp Governor reaches out to the tribes he slammed http://www.signonsandiego.com/news/politics/20060505-9999-1n5gamble.html Deep inside Kansas cave, Counting Up What Indians Are Owed http://www.kctv5.com/Global/story.asp?S=4865589 Interior nominee Kempthorne pressed on BIA vacancy http://www.indianz.com/News/2006/013793.asp Abenaki of Vermont http://www.indiancountry.com/content.cfm?id=1096412938 State recognition honors Abenakis http://www.indianz.com/News/2006/013775.asp SCSU President Roy H. Saigo's presentation on the use of American Indian Mascots http://www.stcloudstate.edu/documents/issues/mascot.asp Former Abramoff client saves BIA from $3 million cut http://www.indianz.com/News/2006/013791.asp Tunica-Biloxis say Barbry's 20-year tenure longest in nation http://www.indiancountry.com/content.cfm?id=1096412918 Five Civilized Tribes Commemorate Act of 1906 http://www.cherokee.org/news.aspx?id=1969 Delaware Nation loses out-of-state land claim http://www.indianz.com/News/2006/013798.asp Tohono O'odham seeks justice for her son run over by border patrol http://www.indiancountry.com/content.cfm?id=1096412922 Indigenous Power: Indigenous Rights Go Global http://www.yesmagazine.org/article.asp?ID=1375 Standing Rock Sioux Tribe won't back 'Sioux' name http://www.indianz.com/News/2006/013804.asp Standing Rock Sioux Tribe Letter http://www2.ncaa.org/portal/media_and_events/press_room/2006/april/20060428_standing_rock_sioux_tribe_letter.pdf Idaho leaders weigh in on Dirk Kempthorne http://www.indiancountry.com/content.cfm?id=1096412912 Kennewick Man Skeletal Find May Revolutionalize Continent's History http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2006/04/060425183740.htm NCAA right to declare Illiniwek hostile http://www.indianz.com/News/2006/013808.asp NCAA rejects two more challenges to mascot policy http://www.indianz.com/News/2006/013726.asp Cherokee National Youth Choir Receives “NAMMY” Nominations http://www.cherokee.org/news.aspx?id=1963 You’re an illegal immigrant, too! http://barometer.orst.edu/vnews/display.v/ART/2006/04/27/445079a9223ff 'Hidden gem' of park hoping for Mesa's help http://www.azcentral.com/community/gilbert/articles/0408mr-canals0408Z12.html Tribal Digital Village a success in southern California http://www.indianz.com/News/2006/013755.asp Interior calls Hall on accuracy of trust account http://www.indiancountry.com/content.cfm?id=1096412911 Mesa Verde: A rich history http://www.daily-times.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20060507/NEWS01/605070332/1001 Tribal Even Start literacy programs to lose funding http://www.indiancountry.com/content.cfm?id=1096412960 About 800 Cherokee Freedmen enrolled since decision http://www.indianz.com/News/2006/013718.asp Humans Might Have Wiped Out Wild Horses http://news.yahoo.com/s/space/20060501/sc_space/humansmighthavewipedoutwildhorses EPA honors tribes as environmental heroes http://www.indiancountry.com/content.cfm?id=1096412876 Ancient art offers glimpse into the past http://www.gjsentinel.com/sports/content/sports/stories/2006/04/29/4_30_haggerty_hikes_WWW.html?cxtype=rss&cxsvc=7&cxcat=12 Navajos protest water talks with Peabody Coal http://www.indiancountry.com/content.cfm?id=1096412873 Birth of a Nation: Treaty of 1868 forms boundaries of Navajo reservation http://www.daily-times.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20060501/NEWS01/605010304/1001 Six Nations clan mothers taking Caledonia land dispute to UN http://sisis.nativeweb.org/actionalert/updates/060427cp-b.html Defending the Seneca Nation http://www.indiancountry.com/content.cfm?id=1096412941 A Linguist’s Quest to Save a Dying Language http://www.dailycal.org/sharticle.php?id=22027 Old ones' spirit still palpable at Bandelier http://www.rockymountainnews.com/drmn/local/article/0,1299,DRMN_15_4629634,00.html Walking with ghosts in the borderlands http://www.indiancountry.com/content.cfm?id=1096412958 Former Pomo leader expelled from tribe - He says move came after he asked about spending, casinos http://www.sfgate.com/cgi-bin/article.cgi?f=/c/a/2006/05/01/BAG4AIIF6H1.DTL NATURAL GAS DISPUTE - Line of contention http://www.chron.com/disp/story.mpl/front/3796462.html Group revives idea of an American Indian embassy in Washington http://www.indiancountry.com/content.cfm?feature=yes&id=1096412863 California Treaties Made, Yet Never Ratified http://www.pechanga-nsn.gov/page?pageId=164 The Fight Over the Water Beneath Black Mesa http://www.ens-newswire.com/ens/apr2006/2006-04-17-06.asp Council approves town center to surround Hohokam preserve http://www.explorernews.com/articles/2006/04/12/oro_valley/oro_valley01.txt Pay proper respect to sovereign nation http://www.azcentral.com/arizonarepublic/opinions/articles/0417mon1-17.html Water is life: Sacred and precious http://www.indiancountry.com/content.cfm?id=1096412942 Ex-Ute leaders to get day in federal court http://deseretnews.com/dn/view/0,1249,635205563,00.html Dam project's effect on Bay a concern to Inuit http://www.cbc.ca/north/story/nor-quebec-legrand.html Aboriginal anger rising, warns First Nation leader http://www.cbc.ca/bc/story/bc_accord20060503.html Barricades still up at Six Nations during talks http://www.indiancountry.com/content.cfm?id=1096412932 Indian tribes facing heightened scrutiny in search for land http://www.signonsandiego.com/news/state/20051123-9999-1n23indian.html Company charged with defrauding Indian schools http://www.rapidcityjournal.com/articles/2006/04/21/news/state/state04.txt Native Americans Want 'Bunker Buster' Test Stopped http://news.yahoo.com/s/oneworld/45361306871144719531 ======================= X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X ======================= X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X ======================= Notices & Events: (These are are provided FYI. Please use your own decretion in supporting any effort or group.) -------- From my cousin Michael Walkingstick: I wanted to remind you all that next Saturday is the dedication of the new research room at the Talbot Library and Museum in Colcord, Oklahoma. This is to be known as the Walkingstick Room and we are hoping for a large turnout of the extended WALKINGSTICK family for this event. If you cannot attend, I hope you will notify your relatives of the event to be held next Saturday, May 13, in Colcord. Michael ---------- Native American Internship Program application http://swcenter.fortlewis.edu/InternNAApp.htm ---------- Call for Papers Title: Vine Deloria, Jr. Indigenous Studies Symposium Deadline: June 16 Dates of symposium: July 27-29 Location: Northwest Indian College, Bellingham, WA Contact: Steve Pavlik, Symposium Co-coordinator 4149 E. Waverly Street Tucson, AZ 85712 Phone: 520.327.0708 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org The purpose of this symposium is to bring together Native and non-Native scholars, elders, and other individuals who are interested in honoring the life and work of Vine Deloria, Jr. and in discussing and expanding knowledge in several areas that Vine was active in. The symposium this year will focus on (1) religion and spirituality, (2) federal Indian law and policy, and (3) traditional knowledge. The symposium itself will be organized as a series of panels that address each of these issues. Individual presentations may be formal or informal. Abstracts that include a title and brief description are requested only for the purpose of organizing the panels ------------- Auditions For Brand New Summer Musical TAHLEQUAH, OKLAHOMA MAY 12 and 13, 2006 10:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m. Cherokee Nation Community Meeting Room At the Cherokee Nation W.W. Keeler Complex - (3) miles south of downtown Tahlequah on Hwy 62 in the Cherokee Nation Community Meeting Room located behind the Restaurant Of The Cherokee Electric and Acoustic Guitars, Banjo, Keyboard, Amps will be available Bring headshots, resumes, and demo tapes or CDs This brand new production features songs, music, dance and film and will delight audiences of all ages. Production previews are slated to begin July 7 with a July 14 opening, and will play Friday and Saturday evenings at 8:00 pm through Labor Day weekend on the scenically beautiful Cherokee Heritage Center Amphitheater stage. The Cherokee Heritage Center which is located just minutes south of historic downtown Tahlequah in the Park Hill community. Tom Allard, Director/Producer Audition Contact Number 918-931-1403 ------------- Call to Artists AISES is holding its 28th Annual National Conference in Detroit, Michigan, November 2-4, 2006 and is seeking artwork that reflects this year's theme, "Generations of Innovation.” The artwork will be used on National Conference materials including the Conference program, t-shirts, conference bags, and other materials. Artwork will be donated to AISES for its complimentary use. AISES considers the artwork as an in-kind contribution. Artwork will appear on the print materials for the conference (Registration Brochure and the Conference Program) and the artist’s bio will be included as well. AISES will provide Conference bags and t-shirts to the artist for their portfolio. Deadline Please submit artwork digitally for consideration no later than close of business June 9, 2006. Format Artwork may be multicolor but should easily convert to one color. Preferred formats are: .pdf, .jpg or .gif files. Please include the artist's contact information, including phone number(s), mailing address, and email addresses. If you have any questions please contact Cristy Davies, Events Coordinator, via email: cristy @ aises.org or phone: (505) 765-1052, x108. Please feel free to forward this to anyone that may be interested. Thank you, AISES Submit artwork to: AISES 2305 Renard SE, Suite 200 Albuquerque, NM 87106 OR cristy @ aises.org Cristy Davies Events Coordinator 2305 Renard SE, Suite 200 Albuquerque, NM 87106 email@example.com 505/ 765-1052 phone 505/ 765-5608 fax ----------- For those who have signed up, and for those still trying to decide, the Cherokee Casino is hosting the Cherokee Casino Resort Oklahoma Golf Classic. We've spoken with representatives at the Native American Cup and they have assured us that there are plenty of spots available if you wish to participate. Here's the URL of the PDF where you can find all the information you need: http://www.cherokee.org/docs/misc/OGCFlyer.pdf ----------- Utah Prehistory Week http://history.utah.gov/2006PrehistoryWeek.html ----------- Pueblo Grande Museum and Archaeological Park Features 1930 Historic Aerial Photos March - September 2006 Pueblo Grande Museum and Archaeological Park is currently featuring the Historic Judd Aerial Survey, which resulted from the 1930 collaboration between the Smithsonian Institution in Washington D.C., United States Department of War and founding director of Pueblo Grande Museum, Odd Halseth. In an effort to photographically record ancient Hohokam canals before agricultural and urban growth eliminated the remains of this unique culture, this survey reportedly yielded close to 1,400 aerial images that were laid into mosaics and closely annotated with field work by Halseth. In the fall of 1930, the resulting research was then forwarded to Neil M. Judd, curator of American Archaeology at the Smithsonian's National Museum. Shortly after the survey, the Department of War impounded the photos, later releasing them to the care of the Smithsonian Institution who kept them in archival cold storage to present day with little activity in the intervening years. Now 75 years later, these 1930 photos are on exhibit, detailing Hohokam canals in the Salt and Gila River valleys. The exhibit runs through early September 2006. For more information, visit www.pueblogrande.org or call (602) 495-0901. http://www.cdarc.org/pages/heritage/from_above.php ----------- Salt River Pima-Maricopa Indian Community Job Opening - NAGPRA Coordinator http://www.srpmicjobs.com/job_details2.asp?JobID=501219 ----------- “Searching for Mesa” history exhibit opens May 6 at Mesa Southwest Museum http://www.evliving.com/cities_news.php?action=fullnews&id=5019 ----------- Petition to STOP Police invasion in Canada Stop the Police Invasion and Seizure of Caledonia!Help Six Nations People Protect their Land! We request that the Canadian Government immediately Remove all Police and Military Presence in the Area of Caledonia and The Six Nations Reserve. That all Six Nations Land be returned to its rightful owners and all development attempts cease now! (Click or copy and paste this link into your web browser) http://www.thepetitionsite.com/takeaction/850267742 ----------- The Cherokee Heritage is accepting registrations for the Fifth Annual Cherokee Ancestry Conference. This is a two day conference in June to be held in Tulsa, OK. This should be a great event! So sign up now!!! http://www.cherokeeheritage.org ----------- 2006 Pecos Conference: The Center for Desert Archaeology and Salmon Ruins http://www.swanet.org/2006_pecos_conference/index.html ----------- The Governor's Office of Planning and Research is pleased to announce that we have scheduled a Senate Bill 18(2004) Training session in Bishop, CA on May 17, 2006 and you are invited to attend. Please forward this notice to anyone who may be interested in attending the training. This is a series of the same trainings that is being offered throughout the state. Local and Tribal Intergovernmental Consultation: Senate Bill 18 Training session Where: Paiute Professional Building, Tribal Chambers 50 Tu Su Lane Bishop, CA 93514 When: May 17, 2006, registration begins at 9:00am, session starts at 9:30am - 3:30pm Topic: (1) What are the SB 18 requirements to provide tribal consultation as part of the local government land use planning process to preserve and protect Native American traditional cultural places? (2) How do you conduct meaningful and productive consultations between planning officials and California Indian tribes so that prehistoric, archaeological, cultural, spiritual, and ceremonial places can be identified and cooperatively protected? Please RSVP to me. I have also attached the agenda for the training. Contact me for a calendar of scheduled trainings or questions regarding SB 18. If you would like more information about SB 18 and the training program please visit our website at www.opr.ca.gov. Thank you, Cuauhtemoc Cuauhtemoc Gonzalez Tribal Outreach Staff Assistant Governor's Office of Planning and Research Tel (916) 445-0613 Fax (916) 323-3018 Email cuauhtemoc. gonzalez @ opr.ca.gov (delete spaces) ----------- Exhibition: El Quinto Sol 35 Obras del Arte Mixtlán, México. Nuevo Arte Contemporáneo - Prehispánico. Esculturas de terracota policromada con detalles en oro y mármol. Inspirado en las culturas: Olmeca, Maya, Mixteca y Azteca. Obras originales, diseńos exclusivos e inéditos. New ArtWork Pre-Hispanic Contemporary Sculptures terra-cotta polychrome, gold & marble. Culture: Olmec, Maya, Mixtec & Aztec. Fine art - Unpublished. Lugar / Place: Museo de Antropología de Xalapa - MAX Av. Xalapa s/n, 91010 Xalapa, Ver. México. Tel/Fax : (228) 8150920, 8150708 y 8154952. http://www.artemixtlan.com.mx/ ======================= X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X ======================= X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X ======================= Humor & Interesting Thoughts: ----------------------------- I received links to this 5 minute animated spoof from several people. This has a bit of adult language. http://www.current.tv/pods/supernews/PD03437 -------------- My friend Jackie Yousif sent this: Paul Harvey Writes: We tried so hard to make things better for our kids that we made them worse. For my grandchildren, I'd like better. I'd really like for them to know about hand me down clothes and homemade ice cream and leftover meat loaf sandwiches. I really would. I hope you learn humility by being humiliated, and that you learn honesty by being cheated. I hope you learn to make your own bed and mow the lawn and wash the car. And I really hope nobody gives you a brand new car when you are sixteen. It will be good if at least one time you can see puppies born and your old dog put to sleep. I hope you get a black eye fighting for something you believe in. I hope you have to share a bedroom with your younger brother/sister. And it's all right if you have to draw a line down the middle of the room,but when he wants to crawl under the covers with you because he's scared, I hope you let him. When you want to see a movie and your little brother/sister wants to tag along, I hope you'll let him/her. I hope you have to walk uphill to school with your friends and that you live in a town where you can do it safely. On rainy days when you have to catch a ride, I hope you don't ask your driver to drop you two blocks away so you won't be seen riding with someone as uncool as your Mom. If you want a slingshot, I hope your Dad teaches you how to make one instead of buying one. I hope you learn to dig in the dirt and read books. When you learn to use computers, I hope you also learn to add and subtract in your head. I hope you get teased by your friends when you have your first crush on a boy\girl, and when you talk back to your mother that you learn what ivory soap tastes like. May you skin your knee climbing a mountain, burn your hand on a stove and stick your tongue on a frozen flagpole. I don't care if you try a beer once, but I hope you don't like it. And if a friend offers you dope or a joint, I hope you realize he is not your friend. I sure hope you make time to sit on a porch with your Grandma/Grandpa and go fishing with your Uncle. May you feel sorrow at a funeral and joy during the holidays. I hope your mother punishes you when you throw a baseball through your neighbor's window and that she hugs you and kisses you at Christmas time when you give her a plaster mold of your hand. -------------- Another one of my Cherokee Adair cousins sent this: So as not to be outdone by all the redneck, hillbilly, and Texan jokes, you know you're from California if: 1. Your coworker has 10 piercings and none are visible. 2. You make over $100,000 and still can't afford a house. 3. You take a bus and are shocked at two people carrying on a conversation in English. 4. Your child's 3rd-grade teacher has purple hair, a nose ring, and is named Flower. 5. You can't remember . . is pot illegal? 6. You've been to a baby shower that has two mothers and a sperm donor. 7. You have a very strong opinion about where your coffee beans are grown, and you can taste the difference between Sumatran and Ethiopian. 8. You can't remember . . . is pot illegal? 9. A really great parking space can totally move you to tears. 10. Gas costs $1.00 per gallon more than anywhere else in the U.S. 11. Unlike back home, the guy at 8:30 am at Starbucks wearing a baseball cap and sunglasses who looks like George Clooney really IS George Clooney. 12. Your car insurance costs as much as your house payment. 13. You can't remember . . . is pot illegal? 14. It's barely sprinkling rain and there's a report on every news station: "STORM WATCH." 15. You pass an elementary school playground and the children are all busy with their cells or pagers. 16. It's barely sprinkling rain outside, so you leave for work an hour early to avoid all the weather-related accidents. 17. HEY!!!! Is pot illegal???? 18. Both you AND your dog have therapists. 19. The Terminator is your governor. 20. If you drive illegally, they take your driver's license. If you're here illegally, they want to give you one. -------------- My mother sent this. My father is from East Texas (Cherokee County, in fact) East Texas-Gotta Love It! The owner of a golf course in Lufkin was confused about paying an invoice, so he decided to ask his secretary for some mathematical help. He called her into his office and said, "You graduated from The University of Texas and I need some help. If I were to give you $20,000, minus 14%, how much would you take off?" The secretary thought a moment, then replied, "Everything but my earrings." You gotta love those East Texas women. * A group of Tyler friends went deer hunting and paired off in twos for the day That night, one of the hunters returned alone, staggering under the weight of an eight-point buck. "Where's Henry?" the others asked. "Henry had a stroke of some kind. He's a couple of miles back up the trail," the successful hunter replied. "You left Henry laying out there and carried the deer back?" they inquired. "A tough call," nodded the hunter. "But I figured no one is going to steal Henry!" * A senior at Texas A&M was overheard saying.. "When the end of the world comes, I hope to be in East Texas. When asked why, he replied he'd rather be in East Texas because everything happens in East Texas 20 years later than in the rest of the civilized world. * The young man from Texas A&M came running into the store and said to his buddy, "Bubba, somebody just stole your pickup truck from the parking lot!" Bubba replied, "Did you see who it was?" The young man answered, "I couldn't tell, but I got the license number." * NEWS FLASH! - Brian/College Station's worst disaster occurred when a small two-seater Cessna 150 plane, piloted by two Texas A&M students, crashed into a cemetery earlier today. Search and Rescue workers have recovered 300 bodies so far and expect the number to climb as digging continues into the evening. The pilot and copilot survived and are helping in the recovery efforts. * A Texas State trooper pulled over a pickup on I-20. The trooper asked, "Got any I D?" The driver replied, "Bout whut?" * A man in Tyler had a flat tire, pulled off on the side of the road, and proceeded to put a bouquet of flowers in front of the car and one behind it. Then he got back in the car to wait. A passerby studied the scene as he drove by and was so curious he turned around and went back. He asked the fellow what the problem was. The man replied, "I have a flat tire." The passerby asked, "But what's with the flowers?" The man responded, "When you break down they tell you to put flares in the front and flares in the back! I never did understand it either -------------- From my niece Marsha: Attending a wedding for the first time, a little girl whispered to her mother, "Why is the bride dressed in white?" "Because white is the color of happiness, and today is the happiest day of her life." The child thought about this for a moment, then said, "So why is the groom wearing black?" A little girl, dressed in her Sunday best, was running as fast as she could, trying not to be late for Bible class. As she ran she prayed, "Dear Lord, please don't let me be late! Dear Lord, please don't let me be late!" While she was running and praying, she tripped on a curb and fell, getting her clothes dirty and tearing her dress. She got up, brushed herself off, and started r unning again! in. As she ran she once again began to pray, "Dear Lord, please don't let me be late...But please don't shove me either!" Three boys are in the school yard bragging about their fathers. The first boy says, "My Dad scribbles a few words on a piece of paper, he calls it a poem, they give him $50." The second boy says, "That's nothing. My Dad scribbles a few words on a piece of paper, he calls it a song, they give him $100." The third boy says, "I got you both beat. My Dad scribbles a few words on a piece of paper, he calls it a sermon, and it takes eight people to collect all the money!" An elderly woman died last month. Having never married, she requested no male pallbearers. In her handwritten instructions for her memorial service, she wrote, "They wouldn't take me out while I was alive, I don't want them to take me out when I'm dead." A police recruit was asked during the exam, "What would you do if you had to arrest your own mother?" He answered "Call for backup." A Sunday School teacher asked her class why Joseph and Mary took Jesus with them to Jerusalem. A small child replied: "They couldn't get a babysitter." A Sunday school teacher was discussing the Ten Commandments with her five and six year olds. After explaining the commandment to "honor thy father and thy mother," she asked "Is there a commandment that teaches us how to treat our brothers and sisters?" Without missing a beat one little boy answered,"Thou shall not kill." At Sunday School they were teaching how God created everything, including human beings. Little Johnny seemed especially intent when they told him how Eve was created out of one of Adam's ribs. Later in the week his mother noticed him lying down as though he were ill, and she said, "Johnny, what is the matter?" Little Johnny responded, "I have pain in my side. I think I'm going to have a wife." Two boys were walking home from Sunday school after hearing a strong preaching on the devil. One said to the other, "What do you think about all this Satan stuff?" The other boy replied, "Well, you know how Santa Claus turned out. It's probably just your Dad. -------------- Marsha also sent this: GRANDMA'S CURES Keep this on the Fridge Did You Know That? Drinking two glasses of Gatorade can relieve headache pain almost immediately -- without the unpleasant side effects caused by traditional "pain relievers." Did you know that Colgate toothpaste makes an excellent salve for burns. Before you head to the drugstore for a high-priced inhaler filled with mysterious chemicals, try chewing on a couple of curiously strong Altoids peppermints. They'll clear up your stuffed nose. Achy muscles from a bout of the flu? Mix 1 Tablespoon of horseradish in 1 cup of olive oil. Let the mixture sit for 30 minutes, then apply it as a massage oil, for instant relief for aching muscles. Sore throat? Just mix 1/4 cup of vinegar with 1/4 cup of honey and take 1 tablespoon six times a day. The vinegar kills the bacteria. Cure urinary tract infe! ctions with Alka-Seltzer. Just dissolve two tablets in a glass of water and drink it at the onset of the symptoms. Alka-Seltzer begins eliminating urinary tract infections almost instantly -- even though the product was never been advertised for this use. Honey remedy for skin blemishes... Cover the blemish with a dab of honey and place a Band-Aid over it. Honey kills the bacteria, keeps the skin sterile, and ! speeds healing. Works overnight. Listerine therapy for toenail fungus... Get rid of unsightly toenail fungus by soaking your toes in Listerine mouthwash. The powerful antiseptic leaves your toenails looking healthy again. Easy eyeglass protection... To prevent the screws in eyeglasses from loosening, apply a small drop of Maybelline Crystal Clear nail polish to the threads of the screws before tightening them. Coca-Cola cure for rust... Forget those expensive rust removers. Just saturate an abrasive sponge with Coca Cola and scrub the rust stain. The phosphoric acid in the coke is what gets the job done. Cleaning liquid that doubles as bug killer... If menacing bees, wasps, hornets, or yellow jackets get in your home and you can't find the insecticide, try a spray of Formula 409. Insects drop to the ground instantly. Smart splinter remover...just pour a drop of Elmer's Glue-All over the splinter, let dry, and peel the dried glue off the skin. The splinter sticks to the dried glue. Hunt's tomato paste boil cure...cover the boil with Hunt's tomato paste as a compress. The acids from the tomatoes soothe the pain and bring the boil to a head. Balm for broken blisters...To disinfect a broken blister, dab on a few drops of Listerine... a powerful antiseptic. Heinz vinegar to heal bruises... Soak a cotton ball in white vinegar and apply it to ! the bruise for 1 hour. The vinegar reduces the blueness and speeds up the healing process. Kills fleas instantly. Dawn dish washing liquid does the trick. Add a few drops to your dog's bath and shampoo the animal thoroughly. Rinse well to avoid skin irritations. Goodbye fleas. Rainy day cure for dog odor... Next time your dog comes in from the rain, simply wipe down the animal with Bounce or any dry! er sheet, instantly making your dog smell springtime fresh. Eliminate ear mites... All it takes is a few drops of Wesson corn oil in your cat's ear. Massage it in, then clean with a cotton ball. Repeat daily for 3 days. The oil soothes the cat's skin, smothers the mites, and accelerates healing. Quaker Oats for fast pain relief....It's not for breakfast anymore! Mix 2 cups of Quaker Oats and 1 cup of water in a bowl and warm in the microwave for 1 minute, cool slightly, and apply the mixture to your hands for soothing relief from arthritis pain. -------------- A CHP Academy classmate of mine, Jeff Tempest, sent this: RETIREE Question: How many days in a week? Answer: 6 Saturdays, 1 Sunday Question: When is a retiree's bedtime? Answer: Three hours after he falls asleep on the couch. Question: How many retirees to change a light bulb? Answer: Only one, but it might take all day. Question: What's the biggest gripe of retirees? Answer: There is not enough time to get everything done. Question: Why don't retirees mind being called Seniors? Answer: The term comes with a 10% percent discount. Question: Among retirees what is considered formal attire? Answer: Tied shoes. Question: Why do retirees count pennies? Answer: They are the only ones who have the time. Question: What is the common term for someone who enjoys work and refuses to retire? Answer: NUTS! Question: Why are retirees so slow to clean out the basement, attic or garage? Answer: They know that as soon as they do, one of their adult kids will want to store stuff there. Question: What do retirees call a long lunch? Answer: Normal. Question: What is the best way to describe retirement? Answers: The never ending Coffee Break. Question: What's the biggest advantage of going back to school as a retiree? Answer: If you cut classes, no one calls your parents. Question: Why does a retiree often say he doesn't miss work, but misses the people he used to work with? Answer: He is too polite to tell the whole truth. -------------- Louis K. Freiberg sent this: 1- I'd kill for a Nobel Peace Prize. 2- Borrow money from pessimists - they don't expect it back. 3- Half the people you know are below average. 4- 99% of lawyers give the rest a bad name. 5- 42.7% of all statistics are made up on the spot. 6- A conscience is what hurts when all your other parts feel so good. 7- A clear conscience is usually the sign of a bad memory. 8- If you want the rainbow, you gotta put up with the rain. 9- All those who believe in psychokinesis, raise my hand. 10- The early bird may get the worm, but the second mouse gets the cheese. 11- I almost had a psychic girlfriend, but she left me before we met. 12- OK, so what's the speed of dark? 13- How do you tell when you're out of invisible ink? 14- If everything seems to be going well, you have obviously overlooked something. 15- Depression is merely anger without enthusiasm. 16- When everything is coming your way, you're in the wrong lane. 17- Ambition is a poor excuse for not having enough sense to be lazy. 18- Hard work pays off in the future, laziness pays off now. 19- I intend to live forever; so far, so good. 20- If Barbie is so popular, why do you have to buy her friends? 21- Eagles may soar, but weasels don't get sucked into jet engines. 22- What happens if you get scared half to death twice? 23- My mechanic told me, "I couldn't repair your brakes, so I made your horn louder." 24- Why do psychics have to ask you for your name? 25- If at first you don't succeed, destroy all evidence that you tried. 26- A conclusion is the place where you got tired of thinking. 27- Experience is something you don't get until just after you need it. 28- The hardness of the butter is proportional to the softness of the bread. 29- To steal ideas from one person is plagiarism; to steal from many is research. 30- The problem with the gene pool is that there is no lifeguard. 31- The sooner you fall behind, the more time you'll have to catch up. 32- The colder the x-ray table, the more of your body is required to be on it. 33- Everyone has a photographic memory; some just don't have film. 34- If your car could travel at the speed of light, would your headlights work? ======================= X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X ======================= X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X ======================= That's it for now. Have a great month. Phil Konstantin http://americanindian.net ============================================================ End of Phil Konstantin's May 2006 Newsletter - Part 2 ============================================================ . . . .. . . . ============================================================ Start of Phil Konstantin's Student Essay Entries 2006 ============================================================ Greetings, I thought I would ask for your input as to who should be named the winners in my student essay contest. I will have one winner, and two runners-up. Below, I have posted the various essay, in no particular order. Let me know what you think. FYI, I have not edited the essays. So, do not count off for the spacing of paragraphs, etc.. Thanks, Phil ======================= X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X ======================= X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X ======================= What Everyone needs to know about my tribe: I should say what everyone needs to know about my tribe(s). I canâ€™t speak for my tribes and I think thatâ€™s a sad thing. I live in a big city with lots and lots of people, I have been placed in Spanish speaking class, while I have not learned my own languages. I have gone to pow-wows and my mom tells me they arenâ€™t the same out here as they are where she is from. I have gone to Hopi Kachina ceremonies and sometimes I have been scared even though my dad tells me they are good for our land, animals and corn. My grandfather is a very powerful man, who lives in Washington D.C. but he chooses to not even know me, why? What did I do? I know nothing about my tribe from him. I am so confused when I go to drumming class and I learn Apache and Navajo songs, but Iâ€™m not Apache or Navajo. What everyone needs to know about my tribes, is something I canâ€™t answer, as I am looking for that answer myself. Am I lost in this big city? My mom teaches me little pieces of the Gros Ventre Language as she learns it herself. But I have no one to talk it with and I have to always ask her what does that mean again? My mom is trying to give us our traditions, I donâ€™t know how she can do it, when she lived in this big city all her life, I think she is just as confused as I am. She is always telling me to have respect for things and when I ask her why she says, you just do. I think itâ€™s more than that! We have kachina dolls hanging on our walls, but we have no girls in our family, except my mom and she isnâ€™t even Hopi. We have a northern traditional bustle hanging in our dining room like a work of art in a museum or something, but my mom says itâ€™s there so that it wonâ€™t get ruined. There are about 6 pow-wows a year here because we canâ€™t ever afford to go anywhere else and me or my little brother try to dance with that bustle, nothing else, except a string of bells, but the rest of the year it just hangs there. Our entertainment center has a huge 36 inch TV that is surrounded by Hopi and Mojave Pottery, kachina dolls, Hopi Rattles, an Alaskan Doll, a flute, and other things, our walls are decorated with pictures of brother wolf, brother bear and Indians from days gone by. What about my tribe do I need you to know about, I need you to know that people in my drum group tell me how proud they are of me that I am learning traditional ways and I should be honored that I am learning to keep these traditions alive and not lose them, but my friends, thatâ€™s not true they are lost, and we in these big citys are lost and trying hard to get any sense of who we are, who we were and where do we belong. How do you chose which traditions to learn when there is no one around to teach you? How do you chose which traditions to learn when you are mixed with 3 different tribes, with 3 different creation stories, 3 different traditional foods, 3 different languages, 3 different everything? How do I chose my traditional ways when I am faced with street violence, gangs, drugs and half my family in prison? I want to be this person that people will look at with pride and respect so remember who I want to become; I am Little Faron Tewa, Hopi, Gros-Ventre and Mojave Boy lost in a big city looking for myself. Thatâ€™s what I need everyone to know. Mhomer ======================= X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X ======================= X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X ======================= MY TRIBE My tribe has been here before the Europeans came to America. We were a migratory people traveling from the Upper Peninsula and the northern tip of Michigan. In the spring, we would go back to our homelands and collect maple syrup, fish and plant crops. When we did not have anything else to do, we would collect fruits, herbs and medicines. After the treaties signed in 1836 and 1855, the benefits of the U.S government that were promised the tribes did not materialize. So, people from this area tried sueing the government. This effort was unsuccessful. There were three groups that worked together to unite the Ottawa people politically. The Michigan Indian Defense Association of 1933, The Michigan Indian Foundation of 1947 and the Northern Michigan Ottawa Association of 1948. Little Traverse Bay Band was known as NMOA. In November 29, 1982, they took the name LTBB. Again, the Federal Court would not allow tribes their rights, this time because they were not a federally recognized tribe. My tribe did not want to be a federally recognized tribe under the Bureau of Indian affairs. Instead, they wanted to sign a bill that would give us the federal recognition through reaffirmation. Now the tribe has a casino in Petoskey. My tribe is building another one on Mackinaw Island. It will take a couple years for my tribe to build it. We got basketball teams, tournaments, leagues and much more stuff. By: ZACHARY ALAN YOUNG ======================= X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X ======================= X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X ======================= What Everyone Needs to Know About my Tribe The Saginaw Chippewa tribe is the coolest tribe ever. In 1855 and 1864, tribal members signed a treaty with the U.S. government, creating a list of Chippewa members and in 1867 U.S. government listed 1,555 tribal members, who are entitled to land under earlier treaties. Also in 1993 (The year I was born) the tribe opens the Soaring Eagle Casino. The colors that represent our tribe are red, yellow, black, and white. 7th Generation their main goal is and I quote "The purpose of the Seventh Generation Program is to provide a culturally experienced team facility, which will provide education and practice for community members to learn the Traditional Anishnaabe way of life.â€ť The Ziibiwing Center is a place for families of all ages to learn a little about our culture and history. It provides a chance to look at how our people lived hundreds of years ago when there was no cars, â€śproper clothingâ€ť, or any of the other things modern day civilization offers like no T.V. no DVDâ€™s no VCR no cameras and no stove. The way you cooked your food was by open flame and you had to hunt (if you were a male between the ages of about 14-45) and then, after that you were an elder. The women cooked and took care of the family. Saginaw Chippewa Academy is one of the two schools on the reservation. At the Saginaw Chippewa Academy, they teach us about our culture and they teach us the language. But, in a fun way, in that we get to play games like they did back in the olden days. We still get regular classes but also a few extra ones like Language & Culture. We have recess (sometimes) with (almost) a full playground thatâ€™s open to the community. We have the gym where they have basketball teams for the tribe and baseball teams, softball teams and volleyball. The gym is also open to the public. The gym is connected to the Tribes public library, so that kids can come in use the computers, play board games, watch movies, and read. The other school is Aabizikaawin for high school and adult education. They go on trips and they have school events. My brother went there and they went to Arizona to visit the Grand Canyon. They also went to New York and Connecticut and Niagara Falls. They cooked their own food; they would sleep in tents except they had to set them up right when they got there because they would go hiking or fishing. Allison Sprague Grade 7th Saginaw Chippewa Academy ======================= X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X ======================= X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X ======================= What Everybody Needs to Know About my Tribe The tribe that I come from is the Saginaw Chippewa Tribe. I love this tribe because my family and friends live in it. We have the Ziibiwing Center which is a museum for Native Americans. It was opened in 2004, and The Soaring Eagle casino, where you can stay at a hotel and you can eat at restaurants or visit the stores, opened before that. You can take Your Kids and you can take them to Kidsâ€™ Quest and the arcade. Elders can gamble and try to win some money. The tribe also has a gym for all of us to play in and a library and a homework lab. We visit the 7th Generation every Tuesday. At the 7th Gen, we have activities we do such as Stone carving, Wood carving, Green house and cooking with Mary. I like my school because we get to learn our culture and language. We also go on a lot of cool field trips. When we go we always have fun. We have lots of Pow - Wows too and we dance and drum. Lots of Native Americans are dancers or drummers. I have been going to this Academy since I was 3 and left when I was in 3rd grade. Then, I came back in 7th grade. We also have a campground called the â€śhillâ€ť. We have Pow wows there and other people who want to camp there. We always have great feasts, ceremonies and get togethers. We are all very successful although, not all of us like each other but we are all equal as a tribe. Were all lucky because tribal members get per cap (They get it from the casino). So, thatâ€™s my tribe. Aryl 8th grade Saginaw Chippewa Middle School ======================= X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X ======================= X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X ======================= EVERYONE NEEDS TO KNOW ABOUT MY TRIBE The Saginaw Chippewa Indian tribe is located in Mt. Pleasant , Michigan. Here at the Saginaw Chippewa Indian tribe we like to have pow wows. They are very fun because you dance and drum sometimes they have activities. Activities like egg toss or races. At these pow wows they have slides and horses that you can ride. We also have a hotel and casino all together its call soaring eagle casino and resort. On the front entrance there next to the sign announcing the soaring eagle casino and resort stands to very large eagles on each side. We have a school for the kids that are Indians the grades for that school are pre primary up to 8th grade. We have culture and language classes they teach us about our old language and new language words. Culture teaches us about games they use to play in the old days. We have a gym and they have basket ball teams for girls and boys and they are very fun because we get to go pay against other teams. There is a place called seventh generation where they teach us about sap and other sacred stuff. They tell a lot of stories there and they are very interesting to me and my friends. When we are there they spilt us up in groups and there are stone shop and wood shop, kitchen, green house. Ziibiwing center is a museum about the old Indian ways of hunting things and making baskets, little skits that they have there. There is a sub shop that you can eat at in the ziibiwing center its pretty cool. Brianna ======================= X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X ======================= X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X ======================= What everyone should know about my tribe$*$*$*$ By Guyan Kunst Um hi! My name is Guyan. I am cool Because I am Native and Mexicans. Anyway, we have 2 casinos the NEW (Jessica Simpson went at the Casino to sing I also went to the king of the cage to and it was awesome.) And there is a little one me and my friends go to the arcade all the time. There is the Tribal gym. I go there all the time. Everyone knows the people that live on the rez. We have pow-wows ceremonies, we have culture/language at our school. All the things to do at the gym are right here---> boxing, basketball (girls & boys), cheerleading. We also have Nimkee Clinic. You can go there if you are sick and there is a dentist office there to. We have a lot of cool things on the rez besides me. Guyan Kunst Saginaw Chippewa Montessori middle school grade 8 ======================= X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X ======================= X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X ======================= Marcella Hope Garcia My Tribe My tribeâ€™s name is the Saginaw Chippewa Indian tribe. I love my tribe because its fun to be a part of. We have a casino called the Soaring Eagle Casino. On March 28, 2006, Soaring Eagle Casino was honored to receive an award for four diamond service by the American Automobile Association (AAA). I go to the Saginaw Chippewa Academy which is a Native American school. The Saginaw Chippewa tribe provides a lot of fun activities like the walk for freedom from the Behavioral Health up to the hill (campground). The Saginaw Chippewa tribe has all kinds of tribes like Potowatami ( my mom is Potowatami). Most of the people in the Saginaw Chippewa tribe lives on the rez (I live on the rez ). We also have a calendar called Native Beauty. Some Native American models from different tribes got to be in. Models were picked happens to be my older sister, Meredith Koenig. AND THATâ€™S ALL YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT MY TRIBE. Marcella Garcia Saginaw Chippewa Montessori Middle school 6th grade ======================= X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X ======================= X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X ======================= What Everybody Needs To Know About My Tribe What everybody should know is stuff, so much stuff, like the Soaring Eagle Casino & Resort. Like it says in the picture, the Soaring Eagle Casino & Resort has over 4,700 slot machines, 38 blackjack tables with limits up $1000, and they also have bingo. Bingoâ€™s fun isnâ€™t it!?! The resort there has many things; 514 guest rooms, a spa, a restaurant called the Water Lily restaurant; it has great room service, art, and a pool. This year it will host the 22nd annual powwow. The Ziibiwing Center has a whole bunch of cultural things! You should check all of them out. There are some exhibits that you can go through. Like their permanent exhibit. Telling our story about the Anishnabemowin tribe. They also have a gift shop and the Shangewigamig CafĂ©. Hereâ€™s some of the history of This Tribe. 10,000 years ago, (thatâ€™s a long time!) The anishinabek lived along the Atlantic seaboard from what is now Nova Scotia to the Carolinas. From the 1200-1300s, the Anishinabek established the Three Fires Confederacy throughout what is now Michigan. In 1937, the Saginaw Chippewa Indian Tribe was reorganized under the Indian Reorganization Act. Todayâ€™s proud Saginaw Chippewa Indian Tribe works with the greater Central Michigan area to promote education and programs not only for the Indians of the area, but for all community members. The Tribe works to further the progress of other Indian Nations as well by working through state and federal legislation. Being located in the middle of Michigan, where they have lived for over 100 years, and close to their historic land base, the members of the Saginaw Chippewa Indian Tribe remain uniquely focused on the present and future, while still remembering the past. And there is also 7th Generation. Their goal is to put the old and the young together and we may keep our cultural, keep alive our traditions, and keep alive our language. The 7th Generation program works to create cultural and traditional activities that foster the four directions of our tradition. Our school has the grades Preschool to 8th; we have classes like Science, Social Studies, Math, And Language arts. And Language and culture classes, they teach us about what the Indians did back then, like playing old games, beading, and learning their languanges. Well, thatâ€™s all I got to sayâ€¦â€¦â€¦â€¦â€¦â€¦â€¦â€¦Goodbye. Michael T. Sowmick 8th grader Saginaw Chippewa Montessori Middle School ======================= X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X ======================= X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X ======================= What Everyone Should Know About my Tribe *~*Saginaw Chippewa*~* My name is Morgan Rose Trepanier. I live in Mount Pleasant, Michigan, I am 12 years old. I was born in Crow, Montana, I go to an Indian school where they teach us culture and Ojibway. It is fun to learn new words and I like to bead too. I like to play Indian baseball. They taught us how to play it in Ojibway class at my school We have Pow-wows here and at the school too. They are fun! Sometimes, I even go to Pow-wows in Montana with my cousins. I play on the SCIT basketball team. It is fun to go to tournaments. We got 2nd place this year. Last year, we got 3rd but, we are getting better. We also have a casino and a museum called the Ziibiwing Center. In 2004, the Ziibiwing Center opened and in 1999 the casino opened. The Center teaches us about our culture and history, We go there sometimes. I also like to go to the casino/resort. It is a lot of fun to stay the night there! The end By: Morgan Trepanier Date: April 6, 2006 Saginaw Chippewa Montessori Middle School ======================= X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X ======================= X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X ======================= What everyone needs to know about my tribe.. ****************************************************************************** *Saginaw Chippewa Indian Tribe* ***************************************** The Saginaw Chippewa tribe originally lived, hunted, fished and traded in southern and Midwestern areas of what is now known as the state of Michigan. Treaties between the young American government and the Saginaw bands began in the late 1700â€™s and continued into the late 1800â€™s. Each treaty allowed less and less land based on the tribeâ€™s normal pursuits until finally in 1837 all remaining land was gone! The Saginaw Chippewa tribe is headquartered on the Isabella reservation. The tribal reservation was established under the treaty of October 18, 1864 and the current tribal membership is 2,754. At the time of the establishment of the Isabella reservation in 1864; 98,000 acres were owned by tribal members out of the the total 138,240 acres that comprised the reservation. In 1993, they signed a gaming compact with the state of Michigan which is booming and has evolved into the Soaring Eagle Resort and Casino. I think my tribe is doing very well compared to prior history, we have our own tribal council, gym educational system, cultural center, and law enforcement. Richard Saginaw Chippewa Montessori middle school Grade 6 ======================= X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X ======================= X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X ======================= What Everyone Needs to Know About My Tribe My tribe is the Saginaw Chippewa Indian Tribe in Mount Pleasant Michigan. The tribe is supported by two casinos, a large one and a smaller one. The larger of the two has an adjoining hotel with several ballrooms. It also has restaurants, a day care and an arcade. The tribal council that decides what to do with all of the incoming money is located at our Tribal Center, which also has a public library, gym and kitchen. Behind the Tribal Center is the Nimkii Clinic were you go if you are sick. The clinic also has a workout room. My tribe has two schools for the education of our youth and a college. We also have two churches and a campground that the tribal members refer to as the â€śhillâ€ť. The money from the casino is the sole funding for the tribal schools and businesses. In order to help out the tribal members some money is given to the tribal members in the form of per capita. This money supports the members and their families, helping them live a better and easier life. There is also the Ziibawing Cultural Center that has a lot of information about my tribeâ€™s old way of life from before the coming of the Europeans, history during and after the European times, and our current way of life. It has lots of artifacts and treaties. There is also a gift shop where you can buy traditional beadworks, other regalia, and the center includes a cafĂ©. On the tribal reservation there is another cultural center called 7th Generation, which grows traditional medicines and foods. There is a kitchen, a woodworking shop, a greenhouse, and a stone shop. This is what I think people should know about my tribe. By: Sam Mitchell ======================= X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X ======================= X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X ======================= What EVERYONE NEEDS TO know ABOUT MY tribe The Saginaw Chippewa Indian tribe is in mt.pleasant, Michigan. We have POW wows where there is dancing, and drumming. And you can eat native foods like fry bread, Chile, and Indian tacos. we have a casino and a hotel called the soaring eagle casino and resort. you can go swimming and eat good food. we have a place called the ziibwing center. itâ€™s a museum where we can learn about our past and our ancestors. It displays our Indian ways of doing things and all that kind of stuff, I like it its pretty cool. we have a gym called the eagles nest where you can play basketball and read books at the library . We also have our own school called Saginaw Chippewa Montessori school the grades for the school are pre primary to 8th grade. We have many opportunities to learn about our old language, culture and making very neat and fancy native things. our school is pretty cool. Our culture class we learn about our language and play games that are fun. In 1855 and 1864 ,Tribal members sign treaty with U.S. government, creating list of Chippewa members. in1883 Federal government records show an additional 115 members of the tribe got land. Also in1982: the Tribe adopted 440 new members into the tribe. And we have our own basketball teams and base ball teams for girls and boys. we go to place called 7th generation too where we learn about tapping trees and stuff like that . The Saginaw Chippewa tribe is the best tribe and Iâ€™m glad to be apart of it I like my tribe! Amber flamand Saginaw Chippewa Montessori middle school grade 6th ======================= X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X ======================= X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X ======================= What Everyone Needs to Know About my Tribe By Bethany Hinmon My tribe offers many opportunities for learning our culture. We also have many community events that bring us all together to have fun. I attend the Saginaw Chippewa Montessori Middle School from 8:15 to 3:15 every Monday thru Friday. My school offers my friendâ€™s and I opportunities for us to learn our culture. By having a culture and language staff that we see every Monday, Wednesday, and Friday we learn language, beading, Native American sports and other things. We also hold annual Pow-wows in honor of elderâ€™s in our tribe, who were great leaders. We also have a cultural center called the ziibiwing center. We can look at exhibits, and documents on where the Anishnabe have been, what it was like to be a Native American long ago, and what it was like. My tribe has a basket ball team that travels around Michigan and plays basketball. Our team practices at the gym. Our gym has a basketball court, homework lab, and a library. We have a fitness center that joins up with Nimkee our local health clinic. Also in our clinic we have social services which is located across the street from the gym. We are also very proud of the Youth Task Force. They coordinate many of our tribal trips for the youth. They have hiking trips, white water rafting, celebrations, and community cook-outs. So, what I think everyone needs to know about my tribe is that in a tribe you should have nice people who do nice things and I think we have that. Miigwetch! Bethany Hinmon 7th grade Saginaw Chippewa Montessori Middle School ======================= X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X ======================= X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X ======================= Corinna Harris April 6, 2006 What Everyone Should Know About my Tribe! *Saginaw Chippewa Indian Tribe* My name is Corinna Harris. I am 14 years old. I was born in Saginaw. I am part of the Saginaw Chippewa Indian Tribe of Michigan. The reservation I live on is very nice, they have a native school called the Saginaw Chippewa Academy. I have been going to the Academy since I was 5 years old. They teach you cultural actives like beading and making rattles. There is also an Ojibway program and they teach us our Native language. They also have an after school problem to teach us how to drum, dance and learn more about our Native ways. I learned how to dance fancy shawl from the after school programs they teach. I was the first Princess of the Academy. On this reservation, they have a tribal gym for the youth to hang out. The gym has different activities for you to sign up for like basketball, baseball, boxing, and many more. I am part of the basketball team. They are called the Eagles and they call the gym our Eagleâ€™s Nest. We have a campground also called, â€śthe hill.â€ť People go up there to camp out and to go swimming. There are two casinos. They are called the Soaring Eagle Casino and Resort. They have an arcade, restaurants, child care and slot machines (for adults). The tribe also built the Ziibwing Center of Anishinabe Culture & Lifeways. They have an exhibit where you can walk through and learn some interesting things about our tribeâ€™s past, present, and future. Every year, in August, they have their annual Pow-wows called Little Elk Retreat but, I believe they have changed the name. I like to dance in the Pow-wows. I can learn new fancy shawl moves from the older women. Back in our past, we were never allowed to learn our Native language and our Native ways. We used to have to go to boarding schools, where if you spoke the Native language, we would get in trouble. I really enjoy living here on this reservation with my family and friends. Thatâ€™s all I can tell everyone about my tribe. Corinna Haris 8th grade Saginaw Chippewa Montessori Middle School ======================= X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X ======================= X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X ======================= What You Should Know About my Tribe In 1855 and 1864 the tribal members signed a treaty with the government making a list of Chippewa Members. In 1864, there was 98,000 acres owned by tribal members. In 1993 the tribe opens the Soaring Eagle Casino and Resort. The Saginaw Chippewa Indian Tribe has been very successful. They have invested about 700,000 dollars in the schools. We have elementary, middle school, alternative schools and a tribal college. Many activities and concerts are held at the Soaring Eagle Casino. They are advertised on a huge screen built near the highway. The Parks and Recreation Department has many activities during the summer months. There is a pool where kids can go swimming. There is a dirt track behind the middle school to ride dirt bikes and four-wheelers. We have a museum called the Ziibiwing Center. The museum has a bunch of our history about our ancestors and tribal members get in free. I love my tribe and all its benefits. We are so lucky to be part of the Saginaw Chippewa tribe. By: Kevin Miller ======================= X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X ======================= X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X ======================= ~*What Everyone*~ ~*Should Know*~ ~*About*~ ~*My Tribe*~ ~*Saginaw Chippewa Indian Tribe*~ ~*And What Some People Donâ€™t Know*~ Hello my name is on it Mariah Rae Pelcher, I go to the Saginaw Chippewa Montessori Middle School. Iâ€™m In 5th grade and I was born in Midland, Michigan on December 7th 1993. My family and get per capita. That is money that is generated by our Casino People know we wonâ€™t have percap forever, but some people depend on it. A couple of years ago we made a compact with the state of Michigan so we can have the Casino to gamble. We had to pay the Government for a certain amount for a certain period of time. We had to sign a contract for the time when it had to be paid off. If its not, they will have to CLOSE our casino. We paid it for a year or two, then, they decided to give the money to the community. We also stopped paying the state of Michigan. We get 2% of the money. So, in a couple of years, when the state wants a lot more money (and I mean a lot of money) for not getting their money for all those yearsâ€¦ That will mean no more money for everyone. I know a lot of people work at the Soaring Eagle Casino and there might not be a casino. But enough about that, letâ€™s talk about, well every thing else. We have a school that only Native Americans attend. Itâ€™s very fun and we get a good education. We have a gym called the Eagle Nest and a basket ball team called the Eagles. We have a Pow Wow Arena thatâ€™s at the hill and people can go there to go swimming. At he 7tth Gen we use the trees there to collect the sap to make maple syrup. Being Native American or just being Indian, you can always find something to laugh about. ======================= X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X ======================= X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X ======================= What Everyone Needs to Know About my Tribe. Everyone needs to know that the Saginaw Chippewa Tribe is the best of the best of the best, because we have ceremonies, feasts, get togethers, Ojibwa and culture teachings at our schools, all sorts of activities, drumming lessons, pow wows, great food such as fry bread, bean soup, blanket dogs, strawberry shortcake, corn soup, and Indian tacos. We also have our own gym which we now call the Eagles Nest. Our logo is an eagle that is red, white, and black which are our colors for our sport teams, uniforms. We have basketball, baseball teams and also have boxing available at the boxing barn. Our casino brings many people here from around the country because of our casino, buffet, Kids Quest (childcare), Cyber Quest (arcade), swimming pool, hotel, and the beautiful paintings, sculptors and Native Art that are displayed in the casino and hotel, which are connected together. We also have another older casino which is smaller and is located across from the big casino. It has bingo and some slot machines in it. You can take a shuttle back and forth from casinos so you do not have to drive or walk. There is also the Ziibiwing Center that displays all of our history over the years. Many people from the United States and other countries have visited the Center. There are murals, videos, artifacts and exhibits. It also includes a cafĂ© and a gift shop. We have our own newspaper called the Tribal Observer. It includes news and pictures of things that go on around our rez and things that will be coming up. Located on Tomah Road is our campground which has an outside pool, bathrooms, a playground which has horseshoes and one big wooden boat with swings and a slide. Our campground is known as â€śthe hillâ€ť to local community members. There is the Nimkee Clinic and Fitness center right behind the tribal gym that you can use at anytime or go there if you are sick or need help. There is also a Tribal college that provides learning for adults and teenagers that are on their way to a university. In conclusion everyone should know about my tribe because we are successful. We are regaining/relearning our Native language, have our own cultural historical center, a strong tribal council and some good financial support for our community. Miranda Pelcher 8Th grade Saginaw Chippewa Montessori Middle School ======================= X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X ======================= X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X ======================= What Everybody Should Know About My Tribe Hi, my name is Nick .I am a descendant of the Saginaw Chippewa Indian tribe. The reservation is located in Mt. Pleasant, the central area of Michigan. Most of the descendants haved moved to Ottawa County, KS. Some important dates in tribal history are the years 1855 and 1864. During these years a treaties were signed creating lists of Saginaw Chippewa members. In 1867, a list of 1,555 members was published by the U.S. Government who were entitled to land by those treaties. In 1993, the Soaring Eagle Casino was opened in Mt. Pleasant, MI. In 1995, membership of certain members were being questioned by Tribal Leaders. In 1996, tribal person, Phil Peters, cut profits of the people who worked at the casino. In 1997, the new council has all 484 members reinstated. I hope my tribal representatives By: Nick Shawboose Continue to act fairly and wisely. ======================= X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X ======================= X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X ======================= What You Need to Know About my Tribe In my community there are two casinos that support our whole tribe. All the kids go to the Arcade, Kids Quest they like to walk up to the hill (campgrounds) and go swimming in their pool. Parents go to the casino and go play a little slots, and everyone knows everyone on the Reservation. On the rez there is only about 8 square miles theyâ€™re and that isnâ€™t much land at all. Theyâ€™re building new houses closer and closer until the rez is going to be full of houses. There is not enough room for todayâ€™s population. There are some houses that are abandoned and they donâ€™t even tear them down and build new ones! My school is the Montessori Middle School (the casino also supports our school) it provides the best education we can get and we should be glad to get this valuable chance to learn. Roland Jackson Montessori Middle School ======================= X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X ======================= X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X ======================= What Everyone Needs to Know About my Tribe I am from the Saginaw Chippewa Indian Tribe. My tribe is located in Mount Pleasant, Michigan but, 10,000 years ago we lived in what is now Nova Scotia down to the Carolinas. During 900 A.D., our tribe began their walk to the Great Lakes of Michigan searching for the food that grows on water (rice). They eventually made it to Michigan and formed the Three Fires Confederacy around the 1200 to 1300â€™s. During 1795-1838, we signed 7 treaties and gave up almost all of our land. Then, we signed 2 treaties with the United States around 1855-1864 to establish the Isabella Indian Reservation. There are 12 members of Tribal Council and the current chief of our Tribal Council is Fred Cantu. Some of our people can even speak Ojibwe or Anishinabemowin which is our sacred language. I go to school at the Saginaw Chippewa Academy which is a Native American school in our tribe. There is also a Tribal College, a gym and a daycare. We also have a building called Elijah Elk Cultural Center where my school visits on Thursdays. They have a kitchen, a stone shop, a woodshop and a greenhouse out back of the Cultural Center. The Tribe also owns the Soaring Eagle which is a casino and resort. The casino was built around 1999. Some people I have met know how to make baskets and almost all of my family can bead. We have Pow-wows where people in regalia or traditional outfits come out and dance. There are three types of womenâ€™s dances. They are Fancy Shawl, Traditional and Jingle. There are also three types of menâ€™s dances. They are called Traditional, Fancy and Grass. Tribal Members or people who are at least ÂĽ Native American get percapita (money from the casino) and there are more than 2,000 tribal members. The tribe owns around 1,500 acres of land. We also have a building called the Ziibiwing Center of Anishnabe Culture and Lifeways that was just opened in 2004. This building contains a cafĂ©, a gift shop , many exhibits about our culture, some old artifacts and some beadwork by a couple members in my family. Thatâ€™s what everyone should know about my tribe. By: Shannon Avery 8th grade Saginaw Chippewa Academy ======================= X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X ======================= X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X ======================= *~What Everyone Should Know About My Tribe~* *~Saginaw Chippewa~* ~*~ What should everyone know about my Tribe? I donâ€™t know! What should they know? I donâ€™t know! But I do know that most of the kids like basketball, some like football, and some like other sports! Most of the kids also go to the *Saginaw Chippewa Montessori Middle School*. Most of us are friends, but some of us donâ€™t get along with each other! But I donâ€™t think that matters because we are all one tribe! ~*~ ~*~ I think itâ€™s better to be a tribe then to not be one at all. Our tribe has two casinos but one is also a resort. We also have a tribal gym where basketball practices go on and we have a Ziibiwing Center on East Broadway! At the Ziibiwing Center there is a museum of our tribeâ€™s history. There are two short movies. There are statues of real tribal members, and much, much more. I may not know a lot of people, but I do know we are all still one tribe! ~*~ Iâ€™d like to tell you a little about my tribeâ€™s history! In 10,000+years ago, Anishinabek lived along the Atlantic seaboard from what is now Nova Scotia to the Carolinas. In 1640, The first European visitors made contact with Anishinabek in Baawaating. In 1924, The Indian Citizenship Act was enacted. In 1972, The Saginaw Chippewa Indian Tribe opens their first gaming operation, Car Bingo. In 1999, The Soaring Eagle Casino and Resort opened. In 2000, The Saginaw Chippewa Indian Tribe became the largest employer in Isabella County. In 2004, The Ziibiwing Center of Anishinabe Culture and Lifeways opened. Vanessa Rochelle Harris April 6, 2006 ======================= X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X ======================= X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X ======================= That's it for now. Have a great month. Phil Konstantin http://americanindian.net ============================================================ End of Phil Konstantin's Student Essay Entries 2006 ============================================================ . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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