May 2003 Newsletter Part 1 from
"On This Date in North American Indian History"
by Phil Konstantin
Copyright © Phil Konstantin (1996-2002)

Looking for a good book on North American Indians?
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Any this above this line is not a part of this newsletter

Start of the May 2003 Newsletter – Part One

Greetings, I hope all is well with you. It has been another interesting 
month here in San Diego. It actually rained several times in April! In 
fact, we had some snow in the local mountains. It is also nice to see 
the fruit trees in my backyard start to bloom. The newsletter comes in 
two parts, again.

My youngest daughter, Sarah, turned 21 last November. She is a 
beautiful, young woman. Fortunately for her, she only gets some of her 
looks from me ?. Sarah inherited her bad knees from me. 
Unfortunately, she also has rheumatoid arthritis. It is a mild case, and 
she gets along quite well. This month Sarah will be participating in the 
annual San Diego Walk for Arthritis to raise money for the Arthritis 
Foundation. If you would like to help her out, you can find out more at 
this website:

I thought I would include the note below from the Arthritis Foundation's 

Arthritis Foundation Makes Worth's "100 Best Charities" List According 
to Worth magazine the Arthritis Foundation is one of the top 100 
charities in the nation. After six months investigating hundreds of 
charities (the IRS recognizes more than 819,000 charities, with 45,000 
new ones added in the past year) and talking to philanthropy experts to 
find charities that are successful in meeting their mission, Worth 
Magazine has published its list of "America's Best 100 Charities."

The Arthritis Foundation was praised for having low fundraising and 
administrative costs and for the many ways it touches the lives of 
people with arthritis, specifically through research, publications and 
advocacy efforts. Nearly 80 percent of a donation to the Arthritis 
Foundation goes directly to helping people with arthritis through these 
efforts as well as through substantial programs, services and events.

We need your help to better serve the 70 million people with 
arthritis. Be assured that your donation will be used wisely to best 
serve you and others with arthritis.


I have some big plans for later this month. I am going exploring, again. 
From May 17th through the 31st, I will be traveling through much of the 
northern plains states. I am flying into, and out of. Spokane, 
Washington. I’ll be renting a car there. My vehicle gets such bad 
mileage that flying up & renting a car is actually cheaper. Granted, I 
could sleep in my van, but it works out to about 20 cents a miles at the 
current price of gas. 

I am having a great time going through my maps and books planning where 
I want to go. I plan on visiting lots of places in Wyoming & Montana. If 
the time & weather hold out, I also hope to visit some places in Idaho, 
Nebraska, North and South Dakota, and a few places in Washington around 
Spokane. Several of the places I want to go to are only accessible by 
gravel or dirt roads, or are at higher elevations. So, weather 
conditions will help decide where I actually go.

Here is part of my wish list:
Steptoe Battlegrounds; Spokane Plains battleground; Lolo Pass; Tendoy 
Idaho area & passes; Yellowstone Park (the only place I have been 
before); Medicine Wheel landmark in Wyoming; Legend Rock Petroglyphs & 
Medicine Lodge State Archeological Site in central Wyoming; Ft. 
Fetterman; Ft. Reno; Ft. Buford; Ft. Union; Ft. Peck; Ft. Robinson; 
Ft. Phil Kearny; Devil's Tower; Yellow Hand battleground; Slim 
Buttes battleground; Killdear battleground; Bear Paw battleground; Big 
Hole battleground; Rosebud battleground; Wagon Box battleground; 
Connor battleground; Fetterman battleground; the Dull Knife 
battleground (on private property); the Reynold’s battleground; the 
Greasy Grass (Little Big Horn) battleground; the Crazy Horse Monument; 
Wounded Knee and a bunch of reservations.

I will be taking lots of pictures, which I will add to the website when 
I can. Yes, I realize that is a lot of territory to cover, but I do move 
quickly. If any of you have any suggestions of places to visit, or 
really cheap places to stay, please let me know.

I had hoped to take along a several copies of my book to distribute to 
some of the reservation libraries. Unfortunately, the new airline 
luggage restrictions have made that impossible. So, I will be checking 
into as many reservation libraries as I can to see if they want, or 
need, a copy. Then when I get home I will mail them a copy.

I will be doing one other thing during my trip. I will be one of the 
presenters at the “Confluence of Cultures” conference at the University 
of Montana in Missoula. The conference is designed to be a national 
event to examine new perspectives about Lewis and Clark, and to explore 
how life and culture have changed for Indian people over the past 200 
years. My presentation will be on the changes in tribal names. The 
conference will be held MAY 28-30, 2003. My presentation will be on 
Thursday from 4 to 5pm.


Featured Link of the Month for May 2003:

The Link of the Month for May 2003 is the Frontier Heritage Alliance. 
The mission of the Alliance is to address historical themes that cross 
county and state lines on the Great Plains and in the Rocky Mountain 
region, and to facilitate the communication, cooperation, and 
coordination between all entities involved." One of the pages on their 
site is titled "Six Campaigns Of General Crook." This is an amazingly 
detailed look into Crook's campaign during 1876. If you like reading 
detailed history, you will love this material. You can find it at: 


The Cherokee nation is having an election soon. In cooperation with the 
Cherokee Nation election commission, the Cherokee Phoenix provided each 
candidate with a packet that included a questionnaire so candidates 
could provide readers and voters with insight into their leadership 
qualities and platform. You can review the candidates and their 
questionnaire answers at: 


Jay Crosby sent along this bit of humor:

PAN editors pick seven worst puns from past twelve months

The World's Seven Worst Puns for the past year have been selected by the 
editors of the Pun American Newsletter. The following "seven worst," 
chosen from some 3,000 submitted puns, came from the readers of the 
newsletter and also from the members of the Pun American Club:

1. "1 was worried about my receding hairline so I made a deal with the 
devil, said Gary Hallock, Austin, TX. "He promised that if I ever go 
bald, he'll make it grow back. So now I have adopted a devil-make-hair 
attitude, even though I know that sometime there'll be Hell toupee."

2. Jack Hotchkiss, Loudonville, NY, spotted this poem in the 1931 issue 
of the local high school yearbook: A clergyman named Fiddle Declined a 
doctor's degree. "Tis bad enough being Fiddle," he said, "without being 
Fiddle, D.D.

3. In England, the birthplace of the Bard Boat owners were put on their 
guard. Some vandals found a way To paint boats with a spray. News 
headlines blared, Yachtland Scarred.

4. "I'm not going to buy my kid an encyclopedia," said Yogi Berra, "Let 
them walk like I did!"

5. On the subject of nutrition, Lily Noyes, Richfield, MN, reported: To 
low fat foods I don't subscribe. I'm not a part of the diatribe.

6. A retired admiral was especially fond of a certain battleship he had 
commanded for a number of years during his long navy career, according 
to Mary Helen Bondy, Scottsdale, AZ. When it was announced that his ship 
would be decommissioned, he was quite sad because they had grounded the 
warship he walked on.

7. Gene Lorenz, Atlanta, tells of a church in Lebanon, TN, a community 
with a profusion of cedar trees. The ushers call themselves,"The Seaters 
of Lebanon."



Presented by: Indian Dispute Resolution Services

During the IDRS youth encampment young people between 14-23 are engaged 
in 5 days of intensive leadership and peacemaking training. Last year 
nearly 100 youth throughout California, representing over 20 different 
tribes, took part in an emotionally and physically exhilarating 

Participants may participate in leadership training through river 
rafting, a ropes course, talking circles, storytelling, hiking, art 
projects, and group fun! Call now if you want to sponsor a group. Space 
is limited.


Place: Coloma Resort, California (located 1 hour east of Sacramento, CA)
Date: Monday, June 23 - Friday, June 27th
Registration Deadline: June 13th
For Information Contact: Charlene Sul, Youth Program Manager or 916-447-4800, ext. 102.


The Association of American Indian Physicians will be conducting their 
6th Annual NNAYI, June 21-29, 2003 in Washington, DC.

The program is designed for high school students ages 16-18 who are 
interested in a career in the health professions and/or biomedical 
research. The week long program includes: A broad perspective of the 
health sciences and biomedical research, an introduction to national 
health and scientific institutions, a national network of Native 
American health professionals, scientists, role models and mentors along 
with a variety of workshops, field trips and tutorials. 
Students must have a minimum 2.0 cumulative GPA.

Selected scholars will receive all expenses paid which includes room, 
board and travel.

Deadline is May 14, 2003. For applications, see or contact Carla Guy at AAIP, 1225 
Sovereign Row, Suite 103, Oklahoma City, OK 73108. (405) 946-7072 
or via e-mail at
Carla Guy (Caddo)
Student Programs Coordinator
Association of American Indian Physicians
1225 Sovereign Row, Suite 103
Oklahoma City, OK 73108
Tel: 405-946-7072
Fax: 405-946-7651


I received this from Ruth Torres:

FYI- not an endorsement ~Ruth

Request for resumes for was launched less than a month ago and we are happy 
to report that the website has received over 3000 hits in the first 
three weeks! We are now getting more and more requests to view our 
resume' database of potential Native applicants and we need more 
resumes. Please send your resume' to us so we can accommodate employers 
who are searching for Native people to employ. It is free and your 
resume' will be in a private, password-protected area available only to 
registered employers, and is not made public in any way.   If you don't 
want your resume posted at all, we can keep it on file and send it to 
employers who ask us to help fill a particular position. Independent 
contractors are encouraged to send us your info, as some employers will 
be looking for you as well. You can send you resume' in a word document 
While you are at it, you may want to check out our freshly updated 
jobs at ....In the Spirit of Cooperation......


The U.S. Department of Education, White House Initiative on Tribal 
Colleges and Universities, is currently seeking Native American 
internship position from June - August, 2003 in Washington, DC. Position 
needs to be filled ASAP. Please contact Toney Begay for more 

Toney Begay
White House Initiative on Tribal Colleges and Universities
555 New Jersey Avenue NW Suite 408
Washington, DC 20208


An interesting letter From: Hawaii Nation Info 

Subject: President Cleveland Honors Queen Liliuokalani

To My People:   

         Whereas, my good and great sister and fellow sovereign, her 
gracious majesty, Liliuokalani, queen of Hawai'i, has been wickedly and 
unlawfully dethroned by the machinations of Americans and persons of 
American descent in those islands, being instigated thereto by the 
devil, one John L. Stevens;

          and whereas, my well-concieved plans for the restoration of 
her sacred majesty have not had the result they deserved but her majesty 
is still defrauded of her legal rights by her refractory and rebellious 
subjects, and her position is a just cause of sympathy and alarm;

         now, therefore, I, Grover Cleveland, President of the United 
States, do hereby ordain and appoint the last day of April next as a day 
of solemn fasting, humiliation and prayer. Let my people humble 
themselves and repent for their injustice to me and my great and good 
sister, and pray, without distinction of color, for her speedy return 
to the throne and the discomfiture of the miserable herd of 
missionaries and their sons, her enemies and traducers.   

Long Live Liliuokalani, the de jure queen of Hawaii

Done at our mansion in Washington this 25th day of February, 1894.       

Grover Cleveland A true copy.

Attest, Walter Q. Gresham,
              Secretary of State


Nunatsiaq News, April 11, 2003
PO Box 8, Iqaluit, Nunavut X0A 0H0 Canada
(Fax: 867-979-4763) (E-Mail: )
( )
MLA opposes gay and lesbian rights in Nunavut "It's absolutely 
unfathomable," Enoki Irqittuq says Sara Arnatsiaq.
Amittuq MLA Enoki Irqittuq says he will oppose the inclusion of equal 
protection for gays and lesbians under Nunavut's proposed human rights 
The bill received first and second reading in the legislature last fall 
and has been referred to a legislative assembly standing committee.
"I do want the human rights act for Nunavut, but to recognize lesbian 
and gay rights, it's absolutely unfathomable," Irqittuq said in an 
interview last month.
"In the South, people are free to do as they wish; for Inuit, I would 
outright refuse such a provision in the human rights act. It's not our 
Other MLAs contacted by Nunatsiaq News did not return phone calls by 
press-time this week.
But gay and lesbian Inuit say they should have the same right to 
protection from discrimination - and abuse - as anyone else.
"People in the higher power - they don't want to listen. It's like 
beating your head against the wall," said Tracy Adams, an Inuk lesbian 
originally from Labrador and now living in Ottawa.
"We'll continue fighting. If they don't want to listen in this 
day and age, we'll always be fighting."
It doesn't surprise Adams that anti-gay attitudes exist. She admits 
that she has not returned to Labrador in years because she feels her 
family is ashamed of her.
Adams says that young people are more understanding and accepting than 
older people, who tend to be set in their ways and deep in denial about 
changes in the Inuit lifestyle.
"I was born this way. I did not ask to be born this way, but this is 
who I am. I did not ask to be abused every day of my life," said an gay 
Inuk man in Iqaluit who asked not to be identified.
He uses the example of left-handers being forced to write with their 
right hand to describe his situation.

“You're either born heterosexual, or you're born gay," he said.
If the Nunavut government were to refuse to acknowledge the small 
percentage of gays, lesbians and transgendered people in the territory, 
he suspects that he would leave and never come back.
"I'd probably be ashamed to be living in Nunavut as an Inuk. I'm sorry, 
but I would leave. If these people don't care and I'm not going to be 
protected, and be subject to abuse, I might as well leave."
But Premier Paul Okalik, the minister of justice, said it would never 
come to that, because gays and lesbians are protected by federal law.

"In the proposed bill, we're recognizing all rights of everybody," 
Okalik said. "Whether we put it in the human rights bill or not, it's 
insignificant. The courts have determined that it's already in there. 
So, whether we get a human rights bill or not, they're there now and 
they'll continue to be there regardless of what legislation we put in 
In addition, he dismissed the opposition of his colleague. "It's not 
really an issue, it's just an issue for people that want to raise a 
fuss, that just want to score cheap political points. It's not really 
an issue for me." As for some resistance and denial about the existence 
of gays and lesbians from the Inuit leadership, he said: "We were told 
in the past by our elders, and perhaps that might not have been the case 
- I can't counter it.

I wasn't there. But today, what we live under, its quite open. We have 
gays and lesbians who are Inuit and that is something we have to 


American Indians Sue for $25 Billion Over Abuse
By Dan Whitcomb 
LOS ANGELES (Reuters) - Six members of the Sioux Nation who say they 
were physically and sexually abused in government-run boarding schools 
sued the United States for $25 billion on Thursday, hoping to launch a 
lawsuit on behalf of hundreds of thousands of mistreated American 

The six plaintiffs all attended Catholic boarding schools in South 
Dakota, but claim in their lawsuit that psychological, physical and 
sexual abuse was inflicted on Indian children throughout the school 
system and covered up by a government which forced them to leave their 
homes for boarding schools. 

The plaintiffs allege violations of treaties that date back to the 19th 
century between the U.S. government and American Indian tribes. 
A Department of Justice spokesman could not be reached on Thursday for 
comment on the lawsuit, which was filed in the U.S. Court of Federal 
Claims in Washington, D.C. 

"All my life I've never wanted to think about these things. I pushed 
them as far back as I could," tearful plaintiff Adele Zephier said at a 
press conference in Los Angeles to announce the lawsuit. "I'm really 
happy to be here today to tell everybody the truth about what happened 
to us as children. 

Zephier said she was abused by nuns and sexually molested by a priest at 
a school run from 1948 to 1975 by St. Paul's Catholic Church in Marty, 
South Dakota. Her brother, plaintiff Sherwyn Zephier said he endured 
beatings at the school. 


American Indian activist Russell Means, who attended the press 
conference, said the U.S. government tolerated the abuse as part of a 
plan to destroy Native American culture and called the allegations a 
"legal euphemism for genocide." 

"It's against the law for us to sue the United States for genocide but 
that's in effect what we're doing," said Means, who helped lead the 1973 
armed conflict in South Dakota between American Indians and law 
enforcement officials known as the "Siege of Wounded Knee." 
"We're putting the United States of America on notice that that you 
can't pretend to be who you are to the world while in your own backyard 
you are murdering and maiming us," he said. 

Jeff Herman, the lead attorney in the lawsuit, said he hoped to include 
in the suit "hundreds of thousands" of American Indians who were abused 
at boarding schools and expected other lawsuits to follow against 
individuals and churches involved in running the schools. 
Herman said the lawsuit would survive challenges on 
statute-of-limitations grounds because the allegations were just coming 
to light, adding: "We believe the government was involved in a massive 

The attorney said that, under treaties signed by the United States with 
the Indian tribes, the government was liable for damages even if it took 
no direct part in the mistreatment. "It doesn't matter if the government 
did anything wrong," he said. "Whether or not they did wrong they owe 
the money." 


Matthew Bessell sent this along:

Cari James is known to some of our Committee Members. She shared the 
following with us and was in attendance at the Ceremony. She asked me 
to forward this to the Committee. She stated that 21 Tribal Color 
Guards were on hand for the Ceremony from as far away as Delaware.

Vice Chairman
For Immediate Release

Contact: Vanessa Charles
HOPI (Hopi Office of Public Relations)
Hopi Tribe Plans Official Ceremony to Honor Fallen Tribal Member Pfc. 
Lori Piestewa

Kykotsmovi - The Hopi Tribe in collaboration with the American Legion 
Hopi Post #80, the Hopi Veteran s Services, and the Office of the 
Chairman will host a memorial service to celebrate and honor the 
contribution and life of Pfc. Lori Ann Piestewa at the Hopi Veterans 
Memorial Center located in the village of Kykotsmovi on Thursday, April 
24, 2003 at 1 p.m. MST. 

The service to honor Lori Ann Piestewa, Qotsa-hon-mana (White Bear 
Girl), was scheduled for this time period as a show of respect to the 
Piestewa family to complete the customary Hopi burial. 

The official Hopi Memorial Service will be held on behalf of the Hopi 
people in remembrance and respect of Lori Ann Piestewa.

"Having this memorial to honor and pay tribute to Lori Ann will provide 
the Hopi community with the opportunity to come together, and now that 
Lori is home and has been laid to rest we as a community can 
respectfully assemble to remember and celebrate her instead of mourning 
her passing, said Chairman Wayne Taylor. 

The Hopi Veterans Memorial Center is located approximately three miles 
east of Kykotsmovi village on Highway 264.

Piestewa was a member of the 507th Maintenance Company at Fort Bliss, 
Texas that was ambushed on March 23. Her two children; Brandon, 4 and 
Carla 3, her parents and three siblings survive her.



President Shirley, Tribal Leaders, Friends and Honored guests, good 
afternoon and thank you for joining us as we commemorate and honor the 
memory of our fallen heroine Specialist Lori Ann Piestewa.

We are not here to mourn Lori, but rather to remember her and reflect on 
the contribution she made to the reservation and to her country - indeed 
the free world.

Many of us have come to know Lori in one capacity or another. We have 
all heard the stories about her as an avid softball player, or a member 
of the Tuba City ROTC and we have seen pictures on the television of her 
bright, engaging smile that was only a hint of her bubbling personality. 
Now, weeks later, on the same television we see the various stages of 
liberation in Iraq. The scene that will be forever etched in my memory 
is that of hundreds of Iraqis dancing in the streets embracing their 
newfound freedom. But how many of us know that those images -- images 
of Lori s smile and liberated Iraqis dancing in the streets are related 
in significance?

Were it not for Lori and the thousands of other men and women like her 
who make up the armed forces of the United States the Iraqis would not 
be a liberated people today. For us American Indians, America is our 
homeland, and the democracy That exists here in the form of various 
freedoms is sadly not available for everyone. For some it remains a 
dream, a struggle, and a desire. Lori, like many American Indians, 
understood the concept of protecting the homeland.

As we have come to know Lori, we have come to know her as a truly 
remarkable woman and a dedicated and brave soldier. But when you meet 
the family, you will understand why she had such fortitude of character. 
Her family personifies strength, even in times of crises. That strength 
can be attributed to the deep-seated faith they share and is rivaled 
only by the strong bonds of their family ties. I have been fortunate to 
know Terry and Percy and I can tell you from personal experience that 
they have served as a rock and beacon of hope to all of us even in the 
darkest hours. The Piestewas are truly a remarkable family and it 
explains why Lori was the type of person she was.

In the light of the ultimate sacrifice made by our daughter Lori, and 
considering past contributions by our Hopi people and other American 
Indian soldiers in past wars and conflicts, including the service of our 
Hopi Code Talkers, it is amazing that tribal sovereignty is still not 
widely understood by people in this country. Tribal sovereignty is the 
most important characteristic of Indian people and Indian country. 

This principle recognizes the ties of family, history, language, and 
culture that bind Indian people together, first as individual tribes 
and, secondly, as constituent parts of Indian Country. Lori is a symbol 
of our tribal sovereignty so that freedom can ring on every reservation 
for thousands of years to come. We will be indebted to Lori forever for 
fighting for our freedom so that we as Indian people can have the 
freedom to choose our way of life within our homeland.

While Iraq moves forward to establishing a new order, the Piestewa 
family as well as the Hopi Tribe would like to encourage you to continue 
to pray for worldwide peace. We still have many of our soldiers in Iraq 
and in other parts of the world ensuring that peace and freedom prevail. 
We know you will join us in praying for the safety and safe return of 
all of our soldiers. These are the brave men and women who like Lori 
answered the call to duty to protect our homeland and principles of this 
Great Nation.

Among these many brave men and women are our Native American soldiers 
who have historically served our country in greater numbers per capita 
than any other ethnic group in America. Many of these soldiers from the 
various Native Nations are here with us today to pay tribute and honor 
our fallen heroine Lori. You honor us with your presence and we thank 
you for your service. We thank your families who have endured many 
hardships with you but who have stood by your side in good times and 
bad. We also thank you for making, in some cases, a long trip out here 
to stand with us in a show of unity and respect for all of our Native 

Lori has helped to bring all of us together, to more fully appreciate 
the freedoms that we so often take for granted, and to recognize and 
appreciate the men and women in uniform; not just those in the armed 
forces but those who serve us as our front line homeland security: 
those in law enforcement, EMS, fire protection, medical service and so 

Last week, Arizona Governor Janet Napolitano made a bold move to rename 
an Arizona landmark bearing the offensive name of Squaw Peak to Piestewa 
Peak. That move was steeped in controversy and was heavily criticized, 
but the end result was well worth it. Let me tell America that the Hopi 
people are united in their support of the Piestewa Peak. The Hopi 
people are united in their support of the Piestewa Parkway. After all, 
this is a small tribute to a fallen heroine who leaves behind a huge 
legacy for all of America as the first Native American woman killed in 
military combat and who, we all now know, bravely fought to the very 

Lori touched the entire world and in her short, but fruitful life, she 
brought all of us together. And like the gentle snowfall that fell to 
remind us of her presence the day the world knew that she unselfishly 
gave her life in battle in a foreign land, Lori continues to remind us 
of that Hopi prayer that calls to each one of us, regardless of race, 
religion, or country: Let there be life, let it be a good life and let 
it be forever.



CR of the U.S. Senate - L. Piestewa

[Congressional Record: April 7, 2003 (Senate)] [Page S4892]


Mr. DASCHLE: Mr. President, I want to take just a couple of minutes of 
my leader time to make a statement with regard to a very special young 
woman. Throughout America--especially in Native American communities-- 
Americans are grieving the loss in combat of Army PFC Lori Piestewa. But 
we are also feeling pride for Lori Piestewa's remarkable life. PFC 
Piestewa was a member of the Army mechanics unit that was ambushed by 
Iraqi soldiers on March 23. Her body, and the remains of eight other 
soldiers, were recovered last week from a hospital in southern Iraq when 
Special Forces stormed the hospital to rescue another member of the 
507th Maintenance Company, PFC Jessica Lynch. Private Piestewa is the 
first Native American woman in the U.S. Armed Forces ever to die as a 
result of combat. She was 23 years old. She leaves behind two small 
children--a 4-year- old son and a 3-year-old daughter. . . . She also 
leaves behind a broken-hearted but proud family--and countless friends. 
There are more than 12,000 Native Americans serving in our military 
today--including many from my State of South Dakota. They and Private 
Piestewa are part of a noble tradition that too few Americans know much 
about. It is a tradition that includes heroes like the ``Code Talkers'' 
of World War II--the service members from the Lakota, Navajo and other 
Indian nations who developed the only military code that was never 
broken by the Japanese. The Code Talkers were key to U.S. victories 
throughout the Pacific theater. Their service helped turn the tide of 
the war--and saved untold numbers of American lives. Today, Private 
Piestewa takes her place alongside them as an American who risked 
everything to protect her land and her people. Over the weekend, 
memorials began to appear all over the reservation near Tuba City, AZ, 
where Private Piestewa grew up and where her family still lives. At one 
of the memorials, someone left a group of red, white, and blue balloons. 
Included in the bunch was one green balloon, the team color for Tuba 
City High School, where Lori Piestewa had been a softball star and a 
junior ROTC commander. On May 24, Private Piestewa will be honored at 
another memorial. Red rose petals will be place in her honor in the 
reflecting pool of the Women in Military Service for American Memorial 
at Arlington National Cemetery. When I heard about the memorials to 
Private Piestewa, I thought of another cemetery--at Wounded Knee, on The 
Pine Ridge reservation in South Dakota. I remember the first time I 
visited it. As I walked toward the cemetery, I was surprised to see 
little American flags dotting many of the graves. When I got close 
enough to read the headstones, I could see that many of the people there 
were veterans. Some--like Private Piestewa--had died in the service. 
Others had died years after they took off the uniform. But they wanted 
it recorded on their graves: This person loved this Nation. I have never 
seen a more profound expression of American patriotism. The thoughts and 
prayers of our Nation are with the family and friends of PFC Lori 
Piestewa. She was an American hero. We are deeply grateful to her for 
her service and sacrifice--and to all Native Americans who are serving, 
and have served, our Nation in uniform. I yield the floor.

The PRESIDING OFFICER: The Senator from Utah.

Mr. HATCH: Mr. President, I compliment the distinguished minority 
leader for this very sensitive and very important statement about this 
wonderful person. As someone who belongs to a family which has lost my 
older brother, and lost a brother-in-law--an older brother in the Second 
World War, and brother-in-law in Vietnam--and then have another 
brother-in-law who is suffering tremendously from his war wounds, who 
fought both in the Inchon Reservoir in Korea and also in Vietnam, I have 
to say these are the greatest of all Americans. I really appreciate his 
sensitivity in delivering this message for the Senate here today.


From: iamshadowmaker 

Toe Knee,( Anthony Martin) and His Ceremony

Hello Folks,

Today we had a ceremony on Victoria Island to honour the life of our 
deceased brother Toe Knee (Anthony Martin). He left this existence on 
either Thursday or Friday of last week. Mary (his close friend) had 
shared with us that she had now received the death certificate and that 
Tony had died of natural causes. he did have some bruising on his head 
so it pretty likely that he either had a fall or a diabetic seizure and 
a fall and simply went to bed where he fell asleep and did not wake up 

The ceremony today was good, lots of tobacco in the fire and many songs 
were sung on his behalf. There have been and continue to be a number of 
ceremonies to ensure his safe passage home.

Tuesday night, at the full moon, we honoured Tony's life and said 
prayers both before, during and after the lodge. Last night there was a 
lodge in Maniwaki, and I believe that Grandfather William was also doing 
something for him. Frank Settee and Tracy will honour him in the Turtle 
lodge today and as soon as I hear anything about a funeral service I 
will send the information along promptly.

Please continue with your prayers for his safe passage and also for his 
family. He may not have had the opportunity to do what he needed to do 
before he was called home so we need to pray extra hard for him right 
now. I believe he is back with the Creator and is now at peace.   

I would like to leave you with a few thoughts about Tony that have 
entered into my head...

1) We had nicknamed him "CLINGER" after Corporal Klingar in M.A.S.H as 
he had that ladies fur coat he got from the Salvation Army and used to 
wear it around the lodge at the lake
2) He used to make some very beautiful things, the bird houses on 
Victoria island, the drums and shakers, the horse hair tail he made for 
3) He had a wicked laugh and as Tammy put it he said "...I don't have 
much to give but I can give you a hug and it is from the heart..."
4) He worked very hard as a firekeeper for many people and also worked 
hard at the Maniwaki gathering always giving it his all.
5) Children liked him, he was always extra sweet to little kids, my 
daughter right away knew who Tony was when I told her what had happened.
6) He was my friend, we parted ways but I never stopped prayer for, 
caring about or loving him. I am very sad today and wish him well... 

All My Relations, Scott 


This was also sent to me:

Did you know that Mother's Day was originally started after the Civil 
War, as a protest to the carnage of that war, by women who had lost 
their sons? 

Mother's Day for Peace - by Ruth Rosen.

Honor Mother with Rallies in the Streets.The holiday began in activism; 
it needs rescuing from commercialism and platitudes.

Every year, people snipe at the shallow commercialism of Mother's Day. 
But to ignore your mother on this holy holiday is unthinkable. And if 
you are a mother, you'll be devastated if your ingrates fail to honor 
you at least one day of the year.

Mother's Day wasn't always like this. The women who conceived Mother's 
Day would be bewildered by the ubiquitous ads that hound us to find that 
"perfect gift for Mom." They would expect women to be marching in the 
streets, not eating with their families in restaurants. This is because 
Mother's Day began as a holiday that commemorated women's public 
activism, not as a celebration of a mother's devotion to her family.

The story begins in 1858 when a community activist named Anna Reeves 
Jarvis organized Mothers' Works Days in West Virginia. Her immediate 
goal was to improve sanitation in Appalachian communities. During the 
Civil War, Jarvis pried women from their families to care for the 
wounded on both sides. Afterward she convened meetings to persuade men 
to lay aside their hostilities.

In 1872, Juulia Ward Howe, author of the "Battle Hymn of the Republic", 
proposed an annual Mother's Day for Peace. Committed to abolishing war, 
Howe wrote: "Our husbands shall not come to us reeking with carnage... 
Our sons shall not be taken from us to unlearn all that we have been 
able to teach them of charity, mercy and patience. We women of one 
country will be too tender of those of another country to allow our sons 
to be trained to injure theirs".

For the next 30 years, Americans celebrated Mothers' Day for Peace on 
June 2.

Many middle-class women in the 19th century believed that they bore a 
special responsibility as actual or potential mothers to care for the 
casualties of society and to turn America into a more civilized nation. 
They played a leading role in the abolitionist movement to end slavery. 
In the following decades, they launched successful campaigns against 
lynching and consumer fraud and battled for improved working conditions 
for women and protection for children, public health services and social 
welfare assistance to the poor. To the activists, the connection between 
motherhood and the fight for social and economic justice seemed 

In 1913, Congress declared the second Sunday in May to be Mother's Day. 
By then, the growing consumer culture had successfully redefined women 
as consumers for their families. Politicians and businessmen eagerly 
embraced the idea of celebrating the private sacrifices made by 
individual mothers. As the Florists' Review, the industry's trade 
journal, bluntly put it, "This was a holiday that could be exploited."

The new advertising industry quickly taught Americans how to honor their 
mothers - by buying flowers. Outraged by florists who were selling 
carnations for the exorbitant price of $1 apiece, Anna Jarvis' daughter 
undertook a campaigning against those who "would undermine Mother's Day 
with their greed." But she fought a losing battle. Within a few years, 
the Florists' Review triumphantly announced that it was "Miss Jarvis who 
was completely squelched."

Since then, Mother's Day has ballooned into a billion-dollar industry.

Americans may revere the idea of motherhood and love their own mothers, 
but not all mothers. Poor, unemployed mothers may enjoy flowers, but 
they also need child care, job training, health care, a higher minimum 
wage and paid parental leave. Working mothers may enjoy breakfast in 
bed, but they also need the kind of governmental assistance provided by 
every other
industrialized society.

With a little imagination, we could restore Mother's Day as a holiday 
that celebrates women's political engagement in society. During the 
1980's, some peace groups gathered at nuclear test sites on Mother's Day 
to protest the arms race. Today, our greatest threat is not from 
missiles but from our indifference toward human welfare and the health 
of our planet. Imagine, if you can, an annual Million Mother March in 
the nation's capital. Imagine a Mother's Day filled with voices 
demanding social and economic justice and a sustainable future, rather 
than speeches studded with syrupy platitudes.

Some will think it insulting to alter our current way of celebrating 
Mother's Day. But public activism does not preclude private expressions 
of love and gratitude. (Nor does it prevent people from expressing their 
appreciation all year round.)

Nineteenth century women dared to dream of a day that honored women's 
civil activism. We can do no less. We should honor their vision with 
civic activism.

Ruth Rosen is a professor of history at UC Davis.


Part Two of the newsletter will be along in a day or two……

Stay safe,

Phil Konstantin -

End of the May 2003 Newsletter – Part One
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