April 2009 Newsletter from
"This Day in North American Indian History"
by Phil Konstantin
Copyright © Phil Konstantin (1996-2010)

Click Here To Return To The Previous Website

Phil Konstantin's April 2009 Newsletter - Part 1



Links of the Month: April 2009

This month's Link of the Month is the website for the 5 part PBS TV
series titled “We Shall Remain.” The series explores U.S. history from
the perspective of Native Americans. Directed by Chris Eyre
(Cheyenne/Arapaho), who previously directed "Smoke Signals"


It started on Monday, April 13 on PBS. This coming Monday's program is :
"Tecumseh's Vision" - The second episode of WE SHALL REMAIN, Tecumseh's
Vision, tells the story of the Shawnee leader Tecumseh and his brother,
Tenskwatawa, known as the Prophet. In the years following the American
Revolution, the Prophet led a spiritual revival movement that drew
thousands of followers from tribes across the Midwest. His brother
forged a pan-Indian political and military alliance from that movement,
coming closer than anyone since to creating an independent Indian state.

From directors Ric Burns (New York: A Documentary Film, The Donner
Party, Eugene O'Neill) and Chris Eyre (Smoke Signals, Skinwalkers) this
90-minute film is a story of strength, pride, and pronounced courage.

They have announced that all of the five programs will eventually be
made available on the website. I watched the first episode from their

My TV station's news director was interested enough in the series that
he asked me to do a report about it for our station. You can watch my
report here:


My script:
It is not often one television station talks about a program on another
station, but we thought you might appreciate a special 5-part series
airing on PBS and available on their website. It is called "We Shall
Remain." It looks at American Indian ingenuity and perseverance over the
course of more than 300 years. Each episode focuses on an important
historical event and concludes with a short contemporary story that
links the past to the present. One of the things the series does best is
to provide the often unheard American Indian side of historical fact. As
a bit of an expert in the field, I was happy to see the historical
accuracy of the first episode.

It aired last night's, and looked at the interaction between the
indigenous people of New England and the original English settlers.
While almost everyone has heard about the "first Thanksgiving," very few
people know much about the events before and after this highlight of
American history. Through re-enactments and commentary by experts, this
time in American history is covered in great detail.

Upcoming episodes look at one American Indian leader's effort to unite
all of the vastly different, and often antagonistic tribes, into one
political entity which could stand up to the growing American republic.

The third episode looks at the behind the scenes events which led to the
Cherokee's removal from the American Southwest in what has become known
as the Trail of Tears. A feature of this series is you will often hear
Indians speaking in their native languages. You may have seen actor Wes
Studi in major motion pictures like Dances With Wolves & The Last of the
Mohicans, but did you know he did not learn to speak English until he
entered public schools? So, when he portrays the historical figure of
Major Ridge, he speaks his native Cherokee.

Geronimo is the focus of episode number four and it looks at this
spiritual and military Apache leader. You might be surprised to see how
a small band of Apaches could outrun and often outsmart the American

And finally, the series looks at the battle for Wounded Knee, which took
place between members of the American Indian Movement and Local and
federal authorities in 1971 in South Dakota .

This unique program will give most people a look at history they seldom
heard from their teachers. Each of the five episodes is and hour and a
half. It airs each Tuesday evening at 9pm, and you can visit KUSI.com to
find a link to their website where you can see much of it online.

Some reviews:

A Truer Picture of Native America

Utah's 5 tribes getting their due, too

'We Shall Remain': From Plymouth to Wounded Knee, a Tale of Survival

'American Experience: We Shall Remain'

Centuries of American Indian Valor, Celebrated and Recreated

A Native Perspective on U.S. History

Seeing History Through Indians’ Eyes

'We Shall Remain' Tells Native American History, With Native Americans
At The Helm

PBS miniseries captures heart of Native American voice


Treaty of the Month:

Apr. 12, 1864. | 13 Stat., 689. | Ratified Apr. 21, 1864. | Proclaimed
Apr. 25, 1864.

It covers such items as:
Assent to treaty of Oct. 2, 1863, as amended.
Payment in lieu of annuity by former treaty.
Annual expenditures for blankets, provisions, etc.
Blacksmith, physician, miller, farmer, iron, steel, etc.
Sawmill and millstones.
Modification of article 4 of former treaty.
Scrip to issue to mixed bloods in lieu of lands.

You can see a copy here:


Material from newsletter subscribers:
(Posted as a courtesy & do not necessarily carry my endorsement)


For those science fiction lovers, I have this note from Hugo & Nebula
award winner Vonda McIntyre....

Dear Phil,

I'm putting together a fantasy cast (that is to say, the
cast for a non-existent movie) of Dreamsnake. I'm asking for
suggestions at the Book View Cafe blog
and would be glad if you had any ideas, especially for
Merideth and Melissa, which are the most challenging parts
to cast. (There's a recap of their parts on the blog post.)

I hope the world is treating you well,




Regarding a readers inquiry about things on the Pine Ridge Reservation:

I send you greetings in a good way.

I must admit to no small surprise with this recent
initiative. Please allow me to expound on that before
we proceed.

In all the years that I've been working for this Tribe,
rarely have I found an instance wherein both South Dakota
and the Tribe worked toward an economic solution that was
equally beneficial. I've recently received a brief
questionnaire from Brian Rounds, Staff Analyst, SD PUC.
His questionnaire makes my point for me.

It is his assertion that the reason for limited wind
development in South Dakota is because of an absence of
political leadership rather than physical or economic
barriers. I used to work in Market Research and I know
that the results one gleans from a questionnaire is based
upon presumed facts held in common, language used in the
questions, the order of the questions and limiting
responses to a few
key assertions often not yet in evidence.

It seems obvious to me that, despite all the energy and
hard work you and others are contributing to the SD
energy situation, each of you are operating from older,
presumed tenets that, to this day, do not accurately
reflect on the resources that are available to this State.
But, rather than take my word on this, lets look at the
facts of the situation.

Where are the best available wind energy resources in
the State? How close are they to existing communities?
What does the topography consist of and how stable is
it? How will the construction of a large wind energy
facility effect the land and the surrounding land values?

When building new power transmission lines, there are
myriad procedures one must follow because of various
Federal, State, County and local laws. If there is enough
State owned land on which to construct the proposed power transmission
lines, one must determine the benefits of
new power transmission lines over what could have been
developed on those lands for other needs. If there is not
enough State owned land for the project, one will have to
purchase, lease or rent the land from private owners.
That can quickly become extremely expensive.

Next one will need to determine rights-of-way, adequate
road systems, environmental assessments, health issues
for those living near the new power transmission lines
and FAA restrictions. It's easy to understand that this
could become an extremely expensive endeavor before one
even scoops out a single shovel of earth.

These are but a few of the questions that will need to
be addressed and resolved before any plan to build power
transmission lines can move forward. As daunting a prospect
as that may seem, the worst is yet to come. These plans
are based upon old and presumed accurate information. Lets
look at the issues through a new and a more precise
understanding of the problem and its possible resolution.

First, what are the best wind energy locations in the
State? Please review the map as provided by the National
Renewable Energy Laboratory.


As we can easily see, South Dakota appears to have excellent
wind resource potential. This map should be overlaid with
a map of villages, towns, cities, highways and various
businesses and recreational concerns. Once that is done,
it quickly becomes obvious that the vast bulk of Excellent
to Outstanding wind power resource sites are located on
or extremely close to the 9 American Indian Reservations
located within the exterior boundaries of the State.

These Reservations are not nearly as populated or
developed as the other good wind power resource sites in
the State. And, because these sites are owned by the
individual Tribes, State, County and local laws will not
exist there. Because these sites are regulated by the
individual Tribes, concerns of rights-of-way, leasing and Environmental
issues are rapidly identified and addressed.

It's been postulated that the wind energy potential on
these 9 Reservations alone, if realized, could supply
more than 1/2 of the total energy needs of the entire
country. Not county, Country.

If the South Dakota Wind Energy Association were able to
grasp these facts, consider what could be accomplished.
Not only would wind energy be made more accessible to
residents in South Dakota but consider the resale
opportunities to other areas of the country. Where once
there was a gold rush to this state, we can now envision
an energy rush in its place.

Consider what effect bringing all this work would do to
each Reservation. Unemployment would rapidly decrease,
income would increase. Not just on the Reservations but
in each surrounding community.

Let's speak on these issues. There is much we can benefit
for all of our peoples by simply meeting and speaking with
each other.

Most Respectfully,

Joe RedCloud
Tribal Utilities Commission
Office of Economic Development
Oglala Sioux Tribe

"The Great Plains, sometimes referred to as the Saudi
Arabia of wind energy, could easily supply twice as much
electricity as the United States now uses."
- Lester R. Brown, The Earth Policy Reader, 2002.


From Chad Solomon, at Little Spirit Bear Publications.

Chad and others have created a 7-part graphic novel series
for youth based on the seven teachings of the Anishinabe Peoples.

They've won several award for their work. This is a promo
for Volume 3. You can find much more information at

New Graphic Novel - Adventures of Rabbit and Bear Paws
VOL. 3: True Hearts

View sample here

What is LOVE… is love the respect you have for your parents,
family, friends and all beings… or is it something more?
What Rabbit loves to do the most is play pranks with his
brother Bear Paws on family and friends. Rabbit is the best
at playing pranks on others – until he meets his equal in
a young girl called Strawberry. Is it young love at first

In Adventures of Rabbit and Bear Paws VOL.3: True Hearts,
news comes to the village by way of a messenger carrying
a wampum belt from Chief Pontiac. A great race is to be
held for the chance to marry Swan, a young woman known for
her kindness, beauty and hunting skills. Swan’s father,
seeing his only daughter sad and uninterested in the men
who had previously pursued her hand in marriage, decides
to hold a race for any person to enter. The winner of the
race will have the chance to marry Swan. The entire village
decides to travel to watch the race, and some have decided
to enter the race, like Swaying Tree, a man who knew Swan
years ago and wishes to win her hand in marriage. In a
race of this size, accidents are expected to happen, and
the race is a four way tie between Swift Horn, White Owl,
Rabbit and Bear Paws. The Elders conclude that four people
winning the race must be the will of the Creator, and
decide that four more contests are needed to find one
finalist for Swan to marry. Will Rabbit’s pride get the
better of him, forcing him to marry a woman he knows
nothing about? Or will Rabbit finally understand what LOVE
is and help True Hearts join as one?

Adventures of Rabbit and Bear Paws VOL. 3: True Hearts! is
based on the Grandfather Love (Zaagidwin), One of the Seven Grandfathers
of the Anishinabek.

To pre-order the June 2009 release of Adventures of Rabbit
and Bear Paws VOL. 3: True Hearts!

Email – info @ rabbitandbearpaws.com
Phone – 519-732-2986 operating hours – 9 am/ 5 EST!

Rabbit and Bear paws is a syndicated comic strip, both in
print and web based media. Little Spirit Bear, publisher
of the Adventures of Rabbit and Bear Paws series is an
Anishinabek, Ojibwa Multi-Media company.

For new comical adventures every week from North America’s
Favorite mischievous brothers, visit us @


Society of American Indian Government Employees (SAIGE) Sixth
National Training Conference and Career Fair, to be held June 2-5, 2009
Town and Country Resort and Convention Center
500 Hotel Circle North
San Diego, CA 92108
(619) 291-7131 Ext 3810
The Society of American Indian Government Employees (SAIGE)
is a national non-profit organization that advocates for
American Indian and Alaska Native Federal employees. SAIGE
was founded in 2001 to promote the recruitment, hiring,
retention, development and the advancement of American
Indian and Alaska Natives in the Government workforce,
and assist it respective agency/organizations in fulfilling
the Federal Trust Responsibility. The SAIGE organization
including its board is made up of volunteers from difference
agencies within the Federal government.
SAIGE will host its sixth national training conference and
Career Fair at the Town and Country Resort and Convention
Center in San Diego, California June 01-05, 2009.
The 2009 National Training Conference, with over 12 Special
Plenary speakers and 80 workshops will focus on training
designed to provide government employees, particular those
involved in the delivery of Native American services and
programs, the education to reach their full potential in
the Federal workplace. Career fairs will be open to conference
attendees, students, veterans and the public.
As a part of the Training Conference, SAIGE will also host
the Native Youth Track; which is designed to provide Native
American students an opportunity to learn about careers
within the Federal Government, to participate in professional
and personal development workshops and training, and to
provide an opportunity for students to network with Native
American professionals within the federal government.
SAIGE will also be hosting a similar Veteran Track on
Wednesday, June 03, 2009. We are working with the local San
Diego Veteran Administration to outreach to Native American Veterans.
The intent of the workshop is to provide our
veterans with information on programs designed to provide
employment opportunity within the Federal government. We
will also have special guest speakers, employment related
workshops such as resume writing, enhancing your
communication skills for job interviews, presentation on
VA programs (health and benefits) and a luncheon.
Reason to attend the SAIGE National Training Conference:
- Over 12 Special guest speakers
- Over 80 workshops to select from, Tracks include: Indian
Country, EEO & Human Resources, Environment, Culture & Diversity,
Personal/Professional Development and Health & Wellness
- Specials ECQ workshops
- Student Track
- Veteran Track
- Career Fair - excellent opportunity to recruit and outreach
- Military and Civilian Meritorious Awards
- Cultural Awareness events
For registration and sponsorship information and applications
visit our website at www.saige.org


Investors sought for film about Native sisters - Friday,
April 10, 2009
By JODI RAVE of the Missoulian


The Indian burial ground bears the names of Wyandot people who
died in Kansas in the mid-1800s, names such as Lewis Greyeyes,
Cora Zane, John Cornstalk, Daniel Peacock, Catherine Bearskin,
Eliza Conley.

It took 65 years and three Native sisters to keep the Wyandot
buried after the cemetery was illegally purchased by Kansas
City, Kan., officials.

“I've long thought one of the untold stories of Indian Country
is that so many of the extraordinary things we've done in tribal
communities have been led by strong Native women who have been
the source of perseverance, the source of strength, not only
in the family, but in leadership and pushing a pro-Native
agenda,” said Keith Harper, a Washington, D.C., lawyer and
executive producer for a film about the three Wyandot sisters.

In 2009, the Wyandot National Cemetery provides a backdrop
for the film “Whispers Like Thunder,” a story of how Lyda,
Helena and Ida Conley used double-barrel shotguns, the law
and perseverance to uphold treaty rights, ensuring the bones
of their relatives remained buried in the cemetery and
untouched by construction workers.

By 1907, upward of 600 Wyandot were buried in what was then
known as the Huron Indian Cemetery in Kansas City, a burial
site for the family and relatives of three sisters. When the
city announced the burial ground would be moved, the Conley
sisters immediately moved to protect the graves. They built
a shack and wielded axes for nearly four years to protect
the graves.

One of the sisters, Lyda, went on to earn a law degree to
defend the tribe's treaty rights, becoming the first woman
ever to argue a case before the U.S. Supreme Court.

Harper, named one of the 50 Most Influential Minority Lawyers
in America, is working with actor Sir Ben Kingsley's British production
company, SBK Pictures, to draw investors to
“Whispers Like Thunder.”

“At this juncture, we're making an entr?e in Indian Country,”
said Harper. “When I read the script, I thought it would be
exciting for tribes to support this story. All too often,
stories aren't told effectively. They aren't told in an
authentic manner by the communities that it implicates.”

While Kingsley is producing the film, he is also slated to
play Charles Curtis, the first and only Native American to
serve as a U.S. vice president (to President Herbert Hoover).
Curtis was a U.S. senator when the Conley sisters were
fighting to protect the graves.

“It is my hope in producing this film to illuminate the
noble struggle the Conley sisters had to endure to preserve
their ancestors' sacred burial ground and legacy,” Kingsley
said in a statement.

Producer Luis Moro of Los Angeles is working with Kingsley
to tell the story of the Wyandot, an epic journey of tribal relocation
in the 1850s that led the Conley sisters to the
U.S. Supreme Court.

“It is with great pride that we have championed this film,”
said Moro. “We expect it to be Hollywood's first major
A-list feature film bringing a great uplifting, empowering
story about Native Americans to the big screen.”

The journey to save the burial grounds in Kansas City finally
ended when it was placed on the National Register of Historic
Places in 1972.

“It's about losing battles and winning the war,” said Erik
Huey, also one of the film's executive producers. “When you
look at the Conley sisters, they used all the resources they
had. They put themselves through law school and went to the
Supreme Court. You not only have the first woman arguing
before the Supreme Court, but it's the first Native woman.”

At the turn of the 20th century, the Wyandot women were
“as powerless as powerless went,” said Huey. Still, “they
refused to take no for an answer.”

Huey, who is listed as one of Hollywood Reporters' most
influential entertainment lawyers, is working with Harper
to attract investors and Native support for the film.

“Too often we see movies without a lot of Native involvement,”
said Harper. “Those movies speak for themselves. They don't
tell the story our communities find authentic. It would be a
tragedy if that was true here because it's such a compelling

Reporter Jodi Rave can be reached at 1-800-366-7186 or at
jodi.rave @ lee.net. Or read her blog at BuffaloPost.net


The petition link can be found here:
Subject: Obama Administration Requests Info on Planetary Challenges

The Obama Administration has asked the "Evolutionary Leaders"
to communicate about what is transpiring on the planet, and
how we can change the course of the unprecedented events that
are challenging this planet. This is a window of opportunity
that must be taken! A deadline was given for this information
to be conveyed to the Obama Administration.

The Evolutionary Leaders like Deepak Chopra, Gregg Braden,
Michael Beckwith and many, many others, gathered together to
write up the information to present to the Obama Administration.
They are also asking us to sign a petition to show the
Administration how many people are in favor for these changes
to occur. They need 10,000 signatures. We need your help to
reach that number and beyond! Below is the information
presented to the New Administration.

The petition link can be found here:
Link to Petition

By the Evolutionary Leaders
The human family is in the midst of the most significant transformation
of consciousness since its emergence in Africa
over one hundred thousand years ago. Consciousness has been
evolving for billions of years from the first cell to us. We
are becoming aware that through our own consciousness the
universe can know itself. This awareness reveals incredible
new potential for our individual and collective humanity.

Simultaneously, we are the first species on this Earth aware
that we can destroy ourselves by our own action. This may be
the greatest wake-up call to the evolution of consciousness
since the origin of Homo Sapiens. We now realize that we are affecting
our own evolution by everything we do. This knowledge awakens in us the
aspiration to become more conscious through subjective practices
including meditation, reflection, prayer, intuition, creativity, and
conscious choice making that
accelerate our evolution in the direction of unity consciousness
and inspire us to deeply align our collective vision.

At this juncture in human history, urgent global crises
challenge us to learn to live sustainably, in harmony and
gratitude with one another and with the living universe. The
changes required of humanity are broad, deep, and far reaching.
Only by acting swiftly and creatively can we birth a planetary culture
that will bring well-being to every form of life in
the Earth community. The good news is that a compelling new
story of our potential as a whole human species is emerging-a
story of collaboration, citizen action, dialogue and new understandings
propelled by unprecedented levels of democratic freedom, multicultural
exchange, and access to communication technologies. It is nothing less
than the story of our
collective evolution.

We recognize that the inner and outer aspects of life evolve together. A
dramatic awakening in consciousness will involve
an equally dramatic shift in outward aspects of our lives.
In particular, we see the following as vital opportunities
for our conscious evolution, both personally and collectively:

Cultivating a Paradigm of Aliveness: We regard the universe as
deeply alive and conscious by nature. In a living universe,
our sense of subtle connection and participation with life
around us is the basis for a compassionate and cooperative
approach to living.

Educating for an Evolving Consciousness: Awakening consciousness
is the foundation for all the change we seek to see in the world.
We can work to elevate our capacity for conscious reflection
and creative action in our personal lives as well as our
collective lives as communities. We must support research and
educational strategies that optimize human capacities and
explore the nature of consciousness.

Restoring Ecological Balance: The balance of planetary ecosystems
is fundamental to our survival. We must reverse the pollution
of our global commons-the water, air and soil that nourish all
life. We must encourage the proliferation of clean, renewable
energy sources and expend all necessary resources toward
mitigating the effects of climate change.

Encouraging Conscious Media: We must find innovative ways to
use the new electronic media as the mirror of our positive evolutionary
story, investing in their capacity to reach
across differences of generation, culture, religion, wealth,
and gender to build a working consensus about our collective

Engaging in Social and Political Transformation: More
sustainable ways of living will require the support of a
more conscious democracy and vibrant civil society from which
more enlightened leaders will emerge. All individuals should
be encouraged to use their gifts to create participatory,
responsible and compassionate models of governance.

Working for Integrity in Commerce: Conscious businesses that
are aware of the scope, depth, and long-range impacts of their actions
are key to achieving sustainability. Business must
become an ethical steward of the Earth's ecology and consciously
establish an economic basis for a future of equitably shared abundance.

Promoting Health and Healing: The science of mind-body-spirit
health has demonstrated the profound connection between the
health of a whole person and the health of the system in which
he or she lives. Whole systems healing, respecting both
traditional knowledge and modern sciences, must be supported
in physical, social, and spiritual domains.

Building Global Community: The new story is about all of us
who share this planet. Together, we can create a culture of
peace that eliminates the need for armed conflict, respecting
and appreciating the glorious diversity of our human family.

Our group has done its best to articulate possibilities for
the evolution of consciousness at this crucial moment in time.
Please reflect on this document, feel what resonates in your
being and calls forth a response on your part. We invite you
to discuss it with others, continuing this global conversation
by adding to it the wisdom that is uniquely your own..
Together, let us co-create a new narrative of conscious
evolution that is a call to individual and collective action, birthing
the most significant transformation of consciousness
in history. Join in the Call to Conscious Evolution by signing
the pledge now.

The petition link can be found here:

Chopra Center , Carlsbad , California , July 26, 2008
Michael Beckwith, Jo an Borysenko, Gregg Braden, Rinaldo
Brutoco, Thomas Callanan, Deepak Chopra, Mallika Chopra, Dale
Colton, Gordon, Dveirin, Duane Elgin, Leslie Elkus, Barbara
Fields, Debbie Ford, Ashok Gangadean, Kathleen Gardarian, Tom
Gegax, Charles Gibbs, Kathy Hearn, Jean Houston, Barbara Marx Hubbard,
Bruce Lipton, Judy Martin, Rod McGrew, Steve McIntosh,
Lynne McTaggart, Deborah Mo ldow, James O'Dea, Carter Phipps,
Wendy Craig-Purcell, Carolyn Rangel, Rustum Roy, Peter Russell, Gerard
Senehi, Emily Squires, Brian Swimme, Diane Williams,
Marianne Williamson, Tom Zender.



I'm writing on behalf of Native Voices at the Autry, the
nation's premiere theatre company dedicated to new works for
the stage by Native American and First Nations writers. On
Monday, April 20th, we will be holding auditions for our
fifth annual Playwrights Retreat and Festival of New Plays
and we were wondering if you would be so kind as to forward
or otherwise distribute the attached Audition Notice to any
and all interested parties you may be aware of. There are
roles for Native and non-Native actors; local actors will
be paid $300. Public readings of our retreat plays will be
held at the La Jolla Playhouse and at the Autry National
Center in Los Angeles. For any questions or concerns, please
feel free to get in touch with me directly.

Thank you so much for your help.

Enjoy your week,

carlenne lacosta
literary manager
native voices at the autry

check out our new blog!



Please take 10 seconds to click and pass on; it affects
all of us!

Please tell ten friends to tell ten today!

The Breast Cancer site is having trouble getting enough
people to click on their site daily to meet their quota of
donating at least one free mammogram a day to an
underprivileged woman.

It takes less than a minute to go to their site and click
on 'donating a mammogram' -- for free (pink window
in the middle). This does not cost you a thing.
Their corporate sponsors/advertisers use the number of
daily visits to donate a mammogram in exchange for

Here's the web site! Please pass it along to people
you know.

http://www.thebreastcancersite.com /


Another reader wrote...

We watched a new movie last night. It's called Imprint. The
cover describes it as an old fashion ghost story with a
native american twist.

Critically acclaimed Native American filmmaker Chris Eyre
(Smoke Signals, A Thief of Time) presents the supernatural
thriller Imprint, directed by Michael Linn. The film tells
the story of Shayla Stonefeather (Tonantzin Carmelo), a
North American Indian attorney who once fled her cultural
background and shunned the spiritual practices of her
ancestors. After successfully prosecuting a Lakota boy in
a difficult murder trial, Shayla now returns to her family's
South Dakota reservation for the first time in many years,
to tend to her dying father. Events take a dark and eerie
turn when she is greeting by spirits that present foreboding
and unwanted visions, forcing Shayla to reconsider her tribe's beliefs
and way of life. ~ Nathan Southern, All Movie Guide

It takes place on the Pine Ridge Reservation (at least that's
what they say).

It's good. Watch it if you get a chance.


From: "Nick Ainge" 

        I have a pair of Native American Indian framed plaques
which are puzzling me. I would like to know perhaps what tribes
they depict and what age they may be. They seem to be hand painted and
are in relief ( possibly papier mache used to raise) for a
3d effect. They have some age, poss 1920s.

I would appreciate any help you can give me especially an art appraiser
if you know any !! I can send shots through if you
are interested.




American Indian 2009 High School, Technical School, and College
Graduates are invited to participate in a Ceremony honoring their
achievement. All participating graduates will be honored with an Eagle

The Graduate Honoring will be held at American Indian Culture Days
Powwow, Sunday, May 10, 2009, 2:30 pm, Park Blvd. and Presidents Way,
San Diego.

Please let us know you’re coming by calling 619 281 5964 – we need your
name, Native American nation, school you are graduating from, and (as
necessary) your major or certificate field.

The event is sponsored by the Indian Human Resource Center, San Diego
Unified School District Indian Education Program, Southern California
Tribal Chairmen’s Association Tribal TANF and Southern California
American Indian Resource Center.

Juan Castellanos
Indian Human Resource Center
4265 Fairmount Ave. Ste. 140
San Diego, CA 92105
619 281-5964 FAX 619 281-1466
649 N. Escondido Blvd.
Escondido CA 92025
760 745-2110 FAX 760 745-2344



Washington D.C. area...

AIS Meetings 1st Wed. of every month:
May 6/Jun 3/Jul 1/Aug 5/Sep 2/Oct 7/Nov 4/Dec 2
The Church of St. Clement Episcopal, 1701 N. Quaker Lane, Alexandria, VA

Baltimore American Indian Center Cultural Classes – Tuesdays from
6:00-9:00 pm
Baltimore American Indian Center, 113 South Broadway, Baltimore, MD
2009. $20 Family Membership/$15 Individual Membership/$17 newsletter
subscription only. Memberships include 1 newsletter subscription. Send
to: American Indian Society of Washington DC, PO Box 6431, Falls Church,
VA 22040-6431.

Apr 17-18 - Animal Spirit Healing Ceremony, Delaplane, VA. 2254
Winchester Rd, Delaplane, VA 20144. Website:
http://animalspiritdance.info. Contact sho-@aol.com

Apr 18, 9 am, NMAI front entrance - Come Bike with Us - Create your own
tread. Please Join Us Saturday, April 18 at 9 AM at the National Museum
of the American Indian front entrance.

-Here's what the DC Healthy Native Network does: * Promotes a healthy
active lifestyle for our DC Natives; * Advocates healthy initiatives; *
Educates our participants of the best way to lead a healthy lifestyle; *
Works with other Native organizations to meet on a regular basis; *
These events will also help strengthen our community.

-Don't have a bike? Reserve one today! Bike The Sites - 9:00 am -
9:00pm (walkup rentals lots of bikes) - The Old Post Office Pavilion,
1100 Pennsylvania Ave., NW, www.bikethesites.com, 202-842-BIKE (2458) -
(If you plan to rent from Bike the sites please let me know at
pre-@aisdc.org so that we will know to meet you by the Smithsonian
Metro stop.) ----or---- Better Bikes (they deliver to you and pick up) -
Reservations required. 202-293-2080. www.betterbikesinc.com

-Have Questions? Need more info? Contact: Michael Nephew; wk:
202-872-2017; email: mdn-@pepco.com

-Brought to you by the DC Healthy Native Network: American Indian
Society of Washington, DC; National Indian Health Board; National
Council of Urban Indian Health; National Indian Education Association;
National Congress of American Indians

Apr 22 (Wednesday) - The Property Management Committee will be holding a
meeting at the home of Kathleen Dorn, at 7:30 pm. You may arrive
starting as early as 5:30 pm to avoid traffic. Food will be served.
Agenda: Given all the work needed and being proposed at Indian Pines, we
need to hold a Property Management Committee Meeting to discuss the
scope, planning and budget. All members are welcome to attend to raise
and discuss these and additional issues, and offer suggestions. If you'd
like contribute to the meal, bring whatever you like to eat/drink.
Contact Kathleen at: (703)455-4753.

May 2-3 VITAL Powwow, Chickahominy Tribal Grounds, Charles City County,
VA. Website: www.vitalva.org
May 15-17 - Monacan Indian Nation 17th Annual Pow Wow, Rt. 130, 6 Miles
West of Rt. 29, Elon , VA. Info: (434) 946-0389,
May 16-17 – Horsenet Horse Rescue Healing Horse Spirit Intertribal Pow
Wow, Mount Airy Carnival Grounds, 1003 Twin Arch Road, Mount Airy, MD.
$5 admission. Children under 12 free. Info at www.HNHR.org.
Memorial Day Weekend (May 23-25) - Grave Decorating at Carlisle Indian
School Cemetery, Quantico, Arlington National, and Congressional
Cemeteries. Schedule TBD. Contact Mitchell Bush at 804-241-5462.
May 10 – Mother’s Day Powwow/Dance – In planning stage - Location and
Details TBA
May 25 – Memorial Day Parade. Come join the Smithsonian National Museum
of the American Indian Celebrate and Honor our Native Veterans! NMAI
section of the parade led by (VEVITA) Vietnam Era Veterans Intertribal
Association Honor Guard. Monday, 5/25/09. To register & participate,
please contact JUSTIN GILES: gi-@si.edu or 202-633-6629. Parade
Info/website: http://www.nationalmemorialdayparade.com/index.html
Jun 6-7 - American Indian Festival at the Chesapeake City Park,
Chesapeake, Va. Contact the Chesapeake Parks Department at 757-382-8466.
Jun 19-21: Buffalo Messangers and The Woodland Zoo present The Second
Annual Intertribal Buffalo Nation Powwow Woodland Zoo, 3400 National
Pike (Rt. 40) Farmington, PA 15437. Info/flyer at
www.buffalomessengers.org. email: mor-@buffalomessengers.org
More info about the curious births of the white and the black buffalos
is at www.buffalomessengers.org and myspace.com/buffalomessengers.
ADMISSION & PARKING: $12.00 adults/$8.00 children. Camping $10.00 per
day Children under 5 free. FAMILY of 4 PACKAGE: $55.00 Includes
concert, powwow (both days), full zoo access, camping.
19th, Friday - Informal gathering at sweatlodge fire. Free to everyone.
20th, Saturday - Grand Entry at Noon, Dinner break 3 - 4, Close at 6:00
20th - 7 pm to 8 pm The John Wyrick Band opening for Bill Miller
20th - 8 pm to 10 pm - Bill Miller(
http://www.myspace.com/billmillerofficial )
21st, Sunday - Grand Entry: Noon, Close: 5:00 pm Exhibition dances
throughout the day.
21st - 6 pm to 7 pm Dan LaVoie, opening for N8V (
http://www.danlavoie.com/ )
21st - 7 pm to 9 pm N8V (
http://sonicbids.com/epk/epk.aspx?epk_id=136078 )
June 27-28 – 9th Annual Shenandoah Valley Powwow, Mt. Jackson, VA,
sponsored by: The Silver Phoenix Indian Trading Post and will be held
at: field adjacent to Interstate 81 at Virginia Exit 269. No contest
powwow. Admission Fee: Adults $6.00 under 12 free. MC: Clayton Old Elk.
HM: Keith Tollett. HL: Heather Moore McClaskey. AD: Michael Nephew. VD:
All Nations Honor-Color Guard. Host Southern Drum: Black Bear. Invited
drums: White Buffalo Singers Cedartree. Entertainment: Demonstrations by
Back Woods Survival Skills - Story telling by Ken Quiethawk and Deborah
New Moon Rising. Booths and fees: 26 Vendors and 3 food booths - vendor
spaces filled. Directions: Take Interstate 81 South in Virginia to Exit
269 (Shenandoah Caverns Exit). Turn West off the exit, then right into
the first driveway. General contact name: The Silver Phoenix
540-477-9616 sph-@shentel.net Other contacts: Silver Phoenix Indian
Trading Post 540-477-9616 10 am - 6 pm
Jun 27-28 – Martinsburg, WV Powwow. Contact: Barry Richardson
252-257-5383 or 252-532-0821, website:
Jul 11-12 – 16th Annual Howard County Powwow, West Friendship, MD at The
Howard County Fairgrounds, 1022 Fairground Rd-Rt 144. Traditional
Powwow open to all dancers in proper regalia. Public invited. Host Drum:
Stoney Creek; Aztec Fire dancers; Flute performance; great craft vendors
with quality Native American Crafts.   Sat & Sun 10:00am-5pm. Contact:
Barry Richardson 252-257-5383 or 252-532-0821, e

Jul 17-19 – Baltimore Indian Center 35th Annual Powwow, Timonium State
Faregrounds, Timonium State Fair Grounds, 2200 York Road, Timonium, MD
21093, Contact: (410) 675-3535. Website: www.baic.org.

Aug 8-9, 2009 – 24th Annual American Indian Inter-Tribal Cultural
Organization (AIITCO) Powwow. NEW LOCATION: Calvert County Fairgrounds,
140 Calvert Fair Drive, Prince Frederick, MD 20678. Camping for
vendors/dancers/participants on grounds. all AIITCO’s voice line for
updates: 301-869-9381.
Vendors by invitation only. www.aiitco.com
Aug 15-16 - Nansemond Pow Wow Lone Star Lakes Lodge, Suffolk, Va 10:00
AM-6:00 PM. www.nansemond.org. Directions to Lone Star Lakes Lodge:
Take Rt. 64, 264, & 664 to Bowers Hill Interchange, Then take Rt. 58
bypass west to Rt. 10. It’s the Hospital exit. Turn right on Rt. 10, Go
Approximately 5 miles to Pembroke Lane. Turn right and follow Pembroke
until it deadends, turn left and follow the trail to the parking area.
From Rt. 460 take Rt. 58 bypass to Rt. 10 and turn left and proceed to
Pembroke Lane. Follow the above instructions.    
August 29-30 - Whispering Winds Traditional Powwow. Location: County
Fairgrounds at Fair Hill, Rt.273 - Elkton, Maryland. Notes: Traditional
dancing-open to all dancers, proper regalia required. Lots of Fine
Native American crafts & Jewelry. MC : Keith Colston; Host Drums: Stoney
Creek. Hrs: Sat & Sun 11:00am-6pm craft demos; flute playing; pony
rides. Great Native American cultural event. Public invited! Contact:
Barry Richardson 252-257-5383,
Sep 12-13 - Nanticoke Indian Association's Annual Powwow sponsored by:
Nanticoke Indian Association, Inc. and will be held at: The Nanticoke
FUNDRAISING TACO BOOTH. Directions: The Nanticoke Indian Powwow site is
located approximately 8 miles east of Millsboro, Delaware, on DE Rt 24
(John J. Williams Hwy) east of DE Rt 113. From DE Rt 1, take DE Rt 24
West,(John J. Williams Hwy) approximately 12 miles to Powwow site. Signs
will be posted along route 24, both east and west.

Sep 26-27 – Chickahominy Pow Wow, Chickahominy Tribal Grounds,
Providence Forge, VA www.chickahominytribe.org
October 2-4 - Appalachian Cherokee Nation 25th Annual PowWow.
Location: Claude Moore Park, 21544 Old Vestals Gap Rd - Sterling,
Virginia. Notes: Traditional powwow. Honoring our Veterans. Gates open
each day 10:00am close 6:00pm. Admission $5.00 per person. Free to
children under 12 with a can food donation for the ACN Food Bank. Day
money for the first 20 dancers that register before 11:00am Oct2,3 only.
Tiny Tots(6 and under) in real regalia special gift. Still looking for
vendors. Contact: Angel Couch 540-645-1143, Oct 3-4 – Boonsboro, MD Pow
wow. Contact: Barry Richardson 252-257-5383
or 252-532-0821, website: http://www.myspace.com/powwow4life.
October 17-18 - 16th Annual Accohannock Fall Festival & Powwow.
Location: 28325 Farm Market Road - Marion Station, Maryland. Notes:
Traditional, non-competition event. Public welcome. Bring a chair or
blanket. Boy and Girl Scouts in uniform, plus children 5 and under are
free admission. Admission for others is $4.00, seniors $3.00, donation.
Demonstrations of tool making, weapons, and survival skills. Vendors and
dancers. Famous Accohannock oyster and clam sandwiches along with Indian
Tacos, Buffalo burgers, and other foods. Camping for vendors and
dancers. Please no alcohol, no pets, no drugs. This is a family event.
Contact: 410-623-2660,
Oct 17-18 – Manassas American Indian Powwow, Contact: Barry Richardson
252-257-5383 or 252-532-0821, website:
Nov 7-8 – Fredericksburg Powwow. Contact: Barry Richardson 252-257-5383
or 252-532-0821, email: po-@vance.net, website:

Nov 9 (Monday) – SAVE THE DATE: Veteran’s Powwow, George Mason
University, Fairfax, VA
Nov 13-15 – Great American Indian Exposition and Powwow, Richmond, VA.
Contact: Barry Richardson 252-257-5383 or 252-532-0821, email:
po-@vance.net, website: http://www.myspace.com/powwow4life.
Nov 26 – AIS Thanksgiving Potluck Dinner


P.O. BOX 1776
(757) 220-7286

April 13, 2009

Media Contact: Penna Rogers
(757) 220-7121


April and May Lectures Kick Off Second Annual Lecture Series

WILLIAMSBURG, Va. ¯ Colonial Williamsburg’s American Indian Lecture
Series gears up with two one-hour lectures in April and May in the
DeWitt Wallace Decorative Arts Museum. Both lectures are held at 5:30

During the 18th century, 17 Cherokee delegations travelled to
Williamsburg to discuss issues of trade, peace and alliance with
officials of the Virginia colonial government. Duane King, director of
the Gilcrease Museum, in Tulsa, Okla., discusses Cherokee Diplomacy of
the 18th Century on Thursday, April 30.

A noted scholar in the history, art, and anthropology of American
Indians and the American West, he recently was appointed as the senior
advisor for academic research and program outreach for the Smithsonian
Institution’s National Museum of the American Indian. King began his
museum administration career in 1975 as director of the Museum of the
Cherokee Indian in Cherokee, N.C., and later as executive director of
the Cherokee National Historic Society in Tahlequah, Okla.

Non-archaeological items of material culture from the native peoples of
the 18th-century American Southeast are remarkably rare. During the
Thursday, May 14 lecture, Hidden in Plain Sight? 18th-century Woven
Beadwork from the American Southeast, curator and historian Scott
Stephenson discusses several recently identified examples of
southeastern woven beadwork and shares the interdisciplinary research
that led to their rediscovery.

No ticket is needed to enjoy these programs. Reservations can be made at
any Colonial Williamsburg ticket outlet.

The American Indian Lecture Series is part of the Foundation’s American
Indian Initiative, which takes a broad-base approach to include the
histories of American Indians in 18th-century Williamsburg.

Programs and exhibitions at The Colonial Williamsburg Foundation’s
DeWitt Wallace Decorative Arts Museum are supported by the DeWitt
Wallace Endowment Fund.

Entrance to Colonial Williamsburg Art Museums is through the Public
Hospital of 1773 at 326 W. Francis St. For information call (757)

Established in 1926, the Colonial Williamsburg Foundation is the
not-for-profit educational institution that preserves and operates the
restored 18th-century Revolutionary capital of Virginia as a town-sized
living history museum, telling the inspirational stories of our nation’s
founding men and women. Within the restored and reconstructed buildings,
historic interpreters, attired as colonial men and women from slaves to
shopkeepers to soldiers, relate stories of colonial Virginia society and
culture – stories of our journey to become Americans – while historic
trades people research, demonstrate and preserve the 18th-century world
of work and industry. As Colonial Williamsburg interprets life in the
time of the American Revolution guests interact with history through
“Revolutionary City®” – a dramatic live street theater presentation.

Williamsburg is located in Virginia’s Tidewater region, 20 minutes from
Newport News, within an hour’s drive of Richmond and Norfolk, and 150
miles south of Washington, D.C., off Interstate 64. For more information
about Colonial Williamsburg, call 1-800-HISTORY or visit Colonial
Williamsburg’s Web site at www.history.org.


Join the Native American Contingent in Ward 7 Parade

Ward 7 is holding it Annual Nanny Helen Burroughs Parade
Saturday, May 2nd, 2009

The Parade kicks off at 10am to and goes until 1pm
With parade attendees assembling at 9am

Sponsor Ward 7 Councilmember Yvette Alexander
Is arranging for a Native American Parade Contingent

For more information
Or to confirm your attendance,
Contact Two Feathers
202-510-0012 work
202-575-7773 home

Please pass this notice along.


Young Native Writers Essay Contest

The deadline for this year's Young Native Writers Essay Contest
approaches. All essays are due by midnight on April 30 , 2009. The
top five essay contest winners will receive college scholarships ranging
from $5,000 to $1,000, and an all-expense-paid trip to Washington DC to
visit the National Museum of the American Indian (NMAI).   The teachers
of all five winning essayists will receive a sponsored trip to accompany
their students, and share in a week of touring NMAI and archives,
visiting with Native American authors, and participating in various
special events deigned specifically for the group.

Native American students wishing to enter the contest will write about
cultural, historical, and current events that are related to tribal
life. The Web site contains all guidelines for the essay contest, as
well as Native America lesson plans and reference sources for students
and teachers. Past winning essays are posted at this site, as well as
pictures from previous Washington DC trips.

The Young Native Writes Essay Contest is a collaborative project of the
Holland & Knight Charitable Foundation and NMAI. Questions about the
essay contest may be addressed to Angela Vlachos Ruth at
angela.ruth @ hklaw.com or 813-227-6331.


From the Virginia Council on Indians office:

The dedication and unveiling of a historic highway marker on
the Chesapeake Indians will occur Wednesday, April 8, 2009 at
11:00 AM at First Landing State Park in Virginia Beach,
http://www.dcr.virginia.gov/state_parks/fir.shtml . Jointly
sponsored by the Virginia Council on Indians, the Virginia
Department of Conservation and Recreation, and the Virginia Department
of Historic Resources, the event will take place
in the park's Trail Center, and is free and open to the public.

A brief ceremony will recognize the efforts of those who
participated in the archaeological research at the Great Neck
site conducted by the Virginia Department of Historic Resources,
as well as the Nansemond Indians, who coordinated and conducted
the repatriation and reburial of Chesapeake Indian remains found
at that site. A special guest will be Chief Emeritus Oliver L.
Perry Sr. of the Nansemond Tribe, who led the repatriation and reburial

Regarding the archaeology and repatriation efforts, Chief
Emeritus Perry said, "As Indian people, we believe that our ancestors'
graves are sacred. If burials must be disturbed,
those ancestors should be treated as people rather than as
objects of study. They should be reinterred as quickly as
possible near the place where they were originally buried. In
1997, it often took many years to accomplish this. Today,
better laws and more culturally aware colleagues usually
insure that our ancestors are treated with the respect they

The dedication ceremony will include remarks by Kathleen
Kilpatrick, Director of the Virginia Department of Historic Resources;
Fred Hazelwood, Supervisor of First Landing State
Park; and Chief Barry Bass of the Nansemond Indians.

The Chesapeake Indians marker is a result of an initiative of
the Department of Historic Resources, in collaboration with
the Virginia Historical Society, to fund new highway markers recognizing
the full diversity of the state’s history with
topics covering Virginia’s American Indians, African-Americans,
and women. The marker was developed in conjunction with the
Virginia Council on Indians, and was approved by Virginia's
Board of Historic Resources in June 2008.

The marker text is below:

Chesapeake Indians
In 1585, two towns of the Chesapeake Indians called Apasus
and Chesepiooc were visited by the English Roanoke expedition
and later included in Theodor De Bry's map of Virginia. Archaeological
research conducted in the Great Neck neighborhood
in the 1970s and 1980s yielded evidence of continual habitation
for at least one thousand years before 1600 A.D. Several house
sites were found, along with part of a palisade, pottery,
trash pits, shell beads, and stone tools. The remains of 64 Chesapeake
Indians from the Great Neck site were reburied by
members of the Nansemond Indian tribe at nearby
First Landing State Park in 1997.


2009 National Memorial Day Parade
Come join the Smithsonian National Museum of the American Indian
Celebrate and Honor our Native Veterans!
NMAI section of the parade led by (VEVITA) Vietnam Era Veterans
Intertribal Association Honor Guard.
Monday, May 25, 2009
To register and participate, please contact
JUSTIN GILES: 202-633-6629
Parade Information & website:


- Lecture Opportunity (Tucson): Carolyn O'Bagy Davis will present "Hopi
Summer: Letters from First Mesa." Letters and photographs give insight
to Hopi life before change came to the traditional, mesa-top villages.
Sponsored by the Arizona Archaeological and Historical Society. Free and
open to the public. Monday, April 20th, 7:30 pm, DuVal Auditorium, UMC,
1501 N Campbell Ave, Tucson. For more information contact 520-721-1012.

- Lecture Opportunity (Santa Fe): As part of the 2009 lecture series,
"Ancient Sites, Ancient Stories," Southwest Seminars presents
"Coalescence and Collapse in the Southern Southwest" by Dr. Jeffery J.
Clark, Preservation Archaeologist, Center for Desert Archaeology. The
talk will be held at 6pm on Monday, April 20th at the Hotel Santa Fe.
This lecture is presented as a benefit for the Archaeological

- Tour Opportunity With Pima Community College and Old Pueblo
Archaeology: June 2009 Southwestern New Mexico Archaeological Sites
Tour, Friday June 19-Tuesday June 23, 2009. Reservation deadline Friday
April 18. "Mimbres Ruins, Rock Art, and Museums of Southern New Mexico"
(ST585) Pima Community College study tour (CRN 72084 Double Occupancy,
CRN 72085 Single Occupancy) with archaeologist Allen Dart via passenger
van departing from Pima Community College, 401 N. Bonita Ave., Tucson 3
p.m. Friday to 5 p.m. Tuesday. $759 Double Occupancy, $799 Single
Occupancy. Registered Professional Archaeologist Allen Dart leads this
comprehensive tour to southwestern New Mexico's Silver City area to
visit Classic Mimbres pueblo ruins, Early Mogollon village
archaeological sites, the Gila Cliff Dwellings, spectacular petroglyph
sites, and a museum with one of the world's finest collections of
Mimbres Puebloan pottery (the kind with those spectacular human and
animal figures). Tour includes transportation, lodging and entry fees.
Offered by Pima Community College in affiliation with Old Pueblo
Archaeology Center. Advance reservations required: 520-206-6468 (Pima
Community College, Tucson).


Hi Everyone,

The Zion Flute and Drum Festival is almost here. May 15th - 17th
are our event dates for this year.

We recently published our available workshops on our website.
We have many fabulous workshops available from some of the best
presenters in the country.


Also check out our concert presentation of Vince Chafin and
William Hoshal, Robert Mirabal and Suzanne Teng at Tuacahn
Outdoor Amphitheatre.


Don't forget we also have a week long flute school available
right after the festival weekend. May 17th - 22nd.


We look forward to seeing you there.

Marty Lisonbee
Zion Flute And Drum Festival


2009 Tularosa Basin Conference


Conference on Archaeoastronomy of the American Southwest



Closing Date: Open Until Filled

The Karuk Tribe requests responses from qualified individuals to
perform the following Tasks as the People’s Center Coordinator in
Happy Camp, California. Interested individuals would need to be
available to begin work as soon as possible.


1. Day-to-day management and direction of the Center.

2. Supervision of Sales Clerk/Program Assistant and other staff
and consultants that may be hired in the future.

3. Planning and development of the Center’s programming including
classes, public programs and exhibitions.

4. Project management, reporting, and implementation of all
assigned grant related programs.

5. Coordinate regular meetings and planning functions with the
Center’s Museum Advisory Board.

6. Monthly reporting to the Center’s Museum Advisory Board and
the Karuk Tribal Council.

7. Overall planning, direction and management of the People’s

8. Responsible for coordinating with the Tribe’s Planners/Grant
Writers/ Resource Developers to develop proposals to fund People’s
Center programs. Will work with that department to develop skills in
proposal submission.

9. Responsible for the implementation of Center Policies related
to the management, care and use of the Center’s object collections and
archival materials.

10. Promotion and advertising of assigned Center programs.

Desired Qualifications:

1. Knowledge of the traditions, culture and history of the Tribes
of Northwestern California.

2. The demonstrated ability to work within Native American

3. Bachelor’s degree or progressively responsible work experience
may be substituted for a bachelor’s degree; two years experience
equals one year of college.

4. Minimum of two years as an administrator or manager.

5. Demonstrated ability as a writer/editor.

6. Supervisory experience.

7. Experience in recruitment of volunteers and oversight of
volunteer activities.

8. Demonstrated ability to coordinate special projects and events.

9. Computer knowledge in word processing, spreadsheets, and input
and maintenance of databases is highly desired.

10. Knowledge and experience in NAGPRA and IACA policies desired.

Responses to this Request for Qualifications should include the

1. A statement of qualifications, including relevant work history.

2. A proposed approach and rationale for completion of the tasks
described above, including descriptions of similar work previously
completed and the results/benefits achieved.

3. A sample of your writing.

4. Names and telephone numbers of three references.

Responses must be hand, mail, email, or fax delivered to:

Sara Spence, Human Resources Manager

Karuk Tribe

64236 Second Avenue

Happy Camp, CA 96039

(800) 505-2785, Extension 2010

Faxes will be accepted at (530) 493-1611

Emails will be accepted at sspence @ karuk. us

In accordance with the Indian Preference Act of 1934 and the Tribal
Employment Rights Ordinance (TERO), Indian Preference will apply in
the selection process.


Ohlone "Big Time" Gathering & Pow Wow / Apr. 24, 25, & 26 / Pomona,

The Costanoan Rumsen Carmel Tribe is proud to present:

The 17th Annual Ohlone "Big Time" Gathering & Pow Wow

Friday April 24th, 2009 - 6pm to 10pm
Saturday April 25th, 2009 - 11am to 10pm
Sunday April 26th, 2009 - 10am to Dusk

Head Staff:
Saginaz Grant ~ Sac Fox
Arena Director:
Victor Chavez ~ Navajo
Headman Dancer:
Tony Littlehawk ~ Tsalagi/Grovon
Headwoman Dancer:
Josie Villa ~ Apache
Headboy Dancer:
Shiigo Lechuga Yellowhorse ~ Apache
HeadGirl Dancer:
Lizet Whitehorse ~ Apache/Cherokee
Roger Slaughter ~ Mohawk
Spiritual Advisor
Robertjohn Knapp ~ Ohlone
Host Drum:
Wild Horse Singers

Special Presentations By:
Terry Goedel ~ Yakama

Champion Native American Hoop Dance
The Costanoan Rumsen Humaya Singers & Dancers

Hosted by:
Business Owners

240 E 1st St. (between Gary & Gibbs)
Pomona, Calif. 91766

For general information including vendor availability regarding this
event please contact our tribal office at 1(909) 623~7889 or by email at
rumsen @ aol.com (take out spaces)

Drugs and Alcohol will not be tolerated on the premises!

The Costanoan Rumsen Carmel Tribe / People of California Heritage are
not responsible for theft, loss or damages.


Stop Wintu Fraud


Friday, March 13, 2009
To whom it may concern:
Mission San Juan Bautista, California _The 25th annual California Indian
Market is presenting a special performance celebrating Cinco De Mayo and
World Cultures May 2 & 3, 2009, in the Mission Lot.
Sponsored by the San Juan Intertribal Council under Peace Vision, Inc.,
a 501c3 nonprofit organization promoting peace through the arts, to
preserve native cultures of the Americas and improve its economic base.
Its membership is open to all interested in Native American ways, with
monthly gatherings focusing on the spiritual way of life and teaching
peace with special focus on youth and veterans.
The California Indian Market has been a showcase and sale of exquisite
Native American arts, apparel, baskets, books, carvings, crafts, dolls,
dream catchers, drums, fetishes, flutes, gourds, headdresses, herbs,
jewelry, katchinas, mandalas, music, paintings, pottery, prints, rug,
sculpture, and many more collectible items. The Market was born of a
dream which co-founder Laynee Bluebird Reyna had in the Spring of 1984
‘seeing’ Native American artists in booths on the old Mission San Juan
Bautista Grounds. Her partner, Sonne Reyna brought her to the Santa Fe
Indian Market that August where they met and invited award-winning
artists to participate in the California Indian Market in the Fall.

The site on which historic Mission San Juan Bautista was founded in 1797
is the ancient Mutsun Ohlone village of Xumontwash. Within the adobe
walls of the Mission’s Olive Grove, Native American artists who came
from far as New Mexico pueblos, Navajo and Lakota Sioux reservations,
and villages of Alaska and South America set up their wares on rows of
heavy picnic tables. In the first year of inception, the California
Indian Market was honored to have the silversmith’s silver and turquoise
jewelry juried by John Adair, expert and author of “The Navajo and
Pueblo Silversmiths”.

Over the last 24 years, many risings stars and award-winning artisans
came, including pueblo potters Dorothy Torivio and Tony Roller, painters
John Balloue and Rance Hood, and Two Grey Hills Navajo weaver Barbara
Ornelas. On tables covered with Indian blankets lay elegant art of such
famous artists as Hopi silversmith Bernard Dawahoya, and pueblo jewelers
Mary Lovato and father, Leo Coriz.
Apache, Aztec, Costanoan, Lakota and many dancers and drummers offer
tribal dances and music throughout the day as strolling shoppers enjoy
Indian tacos, fry bread, and buffalo burgers.

The names of thousands of artists and their special talents and awards
are archived in files to be brought out and reminisced over fondly of an
event in San Juan Bautista that has brought awareness to our magnificent
Native American heritage. Please visit us on May 2 & 3 at the Mission
Lot on Second Street next to Mission San Juan Bautista. 831-623-4771. $1
donation appreciated to promote the arts.
Written by Elayne Silva-Reyna, Director of California Indian Market and
CEO, Peace Vision, Inc. peacevision96 @ yahoo.com www.peacevision.net


Newspaper articles:

Burners Torched Over Native Party - Local Native Americans go to war
against insensitive Burners and win.

Cherokee Nation to Honor OU Quarterback Bradford

Native son: Okla. QB Bradford brings pride to Cherokees

Busy times for Tubatulabals of Kern Valley

Desperate times for Native languages

Colorado's Trail of the Ancients Takes Summer Vacationers Back in Time

Native artifacts off Calif. being washed away
Experts race to save what they can before rising seas, erosion take more

Phoenix area day hike idea: Hieroglyphic Canyon Trail

Bradley T. Lepper: New find doesn't end debate on Clovis cache

First Americans Brought Anthrax?

Indian Gaming Feels ‘Good Vibrations’ in Economy

Life in the past lane - Just beyond I-17, bond with the ancients at
V-Bar-V rock-art site

New research reveals the earliest evidence for corn in the New World

Project cultivates virtual Puebloans

American Indian Language Policy Research Center to Host International
Indigenous Language Policy Research Symposium

Teeth Of Columbus' Crew Flesh Out Tale Of New World Discovery

Native American Caucus: Educating lawmakers about history is key

Klamath Tribe battles ‘recreational genocide’

Layoffs raise concerns at Sherman Indian High School


Small protest highlights rift in Dry Creek Pomo tribe

Warm Springs eagle-feather fan sale leads to charges

North County’s megalithic mysteries

Grant will fund American Indian education center in Miami

Indian Chief Sculpture Can Stay at Carpinteria H.S.

Miwok Indian fires back in dispute

San Manuel celebrates spring

Yosemite Ceremonial Dance Case Tossed

Pine Ridge AIM slaying defendant wants release

Controversy yields win for fired Churchill

Dakota Voice: Ira Taken Alive at 'tea party' protest

Tribe asks judge to dismiss casino lawsuit

1975 AIM Slaying Gets Appeal Hearing

Climate change threatens Channel Islands artifacts

Report: BIA official supported unelected Micmac chief and council for
two years

Kevin Abourezk: Searching for a Native American Obama

Chicken scratch music inspires Quechan filmmaker

Osages Wrestle With Per-Cap Payments

Cherokee author picks up lifetime achievement award

Controversy and cooperation join in a tribal/state meeting in Colorado

Jodi Rave: Native women should meet more often

Obama wants EchoHawk at BIA

Montana Reaches Out to Native Inmates

Inmate’s suit over hair, medicine pouch reinstated

New law settles tribal water rights

Editorial: Training Native students for the newsroom

Traditions Are Woven Tightly Into Festival

2 Tribes Join Bid for Casinos in Texas

Hoh tribe makes case for land to move reservation

Nottoway Indian tribe of Virginia asserts unfair treatment in bid for
state recognition

California lawmakers take up controversial tribal bill (4/1

First American Indian veterans memorial to be erected in California

Crow Election: Black Eagle Versus Not Afraid

Smoke, pipe ceremonies currently banned indoors Amendment advances to
protect religious rights

Artist’s statues honor Indians in all 50 states

Mashpee Wampanoag Tribe confident of Carcieri fix (4/16

Historian to Talk about Willie Boy

Alarming Obesity Rate for Indian Preschoolers

Omnibus Public Land Act benefits several tribes

CORD aims to bridge cultural gap

Editorial: Bigotry an issue for Alaska attorney general pick


Efforts for Duck Could Limit Inupiat Hunt

Navajos elated with passage of settlement bill

Cheyenne-Arapaho culture and language recalled and revived

Tigua Tribe asks Supreme Court to hear border fence case

Asteroids named in Luiseno language

Nunavut at 10: An Unfinished Story

Tribes helped with preventing violent crimes against women

Speaker Morgan thanks Katosha Nakai for services to the Navajo Nation

Editorial: Prairie Island Tribe loses two respected elders

UC Withdraws Request to Return Ancient Remains to Local Tribe

Native Student Among Whites Speaks Out

Muscogee Creek communities file impeachment petition

E-Snag: American Indian answer to online dating

BIA won't communicate with 'dissident' tribal factions

The U.S. Grant

Court Rejects Challenge to Crow Constitution

Choctaw woman honored for Women’s History Month

Tribal identification should accompany eagle feathers, a federal agency

Boarding ‘school’ brutality

Exhibit to Honor Arkansas' Native Tribes

Kaine testifies for federal recognition of tribes

Miccosukee will keep fighting to stop Everglades bridge

U.S. Supremes rule against Native Hawaiians’ land claims

Tribe's Men-Only Rule Could Derail Casino

Cherokee Nations holding joint council at Red Clay

Russell Means, fish-in activist, asserts treaty rights and discounts
both the DNC and RNC

Indian leaders, lawmakers try to save languages

Interior Secretary Vows Solution to Indian Crime

DoJ announces Indian country stimulus allocations

Native languages are important to the culture of all Americans

18th-Century Chief in S.C. Hall of Fame

The Indigenous Language Institute wins national Verizon Tech Savvy Award


Native Americans Need Rule of Law, but Whose Law?

Heritage Classes Help Natives Graduate

Smudge quest continues

San Manuel Band of Mission Indians Grants $100,000 to American Indian
College Fund

Man Who Helped Organize 'Wolakota' Dies

University group opposes Fighting Sioux nickname

Native Americans in San Diego County

Indian leaders suggest improvements to Obama’s budget


This was an e-mail I received which I passed along to my friend
Lee. You might find it interesting....

From: Clellan Coe
Subject: Chief Joseph
Date: Sunday, April 12, 2009, 5:49 AM

I'm trying to find out if Chief Joseph ever returned to the battlefield
at Bear's Paw Mountain after he left the
reservation in Oklahoma. I appreciate any help you can offer.

Sincerely, Clellan Coe

To answer your question

However, many of the Renegades did return. During the years following
1877, many of the escapees formed outlaw gangs and
plague the areas of Montana, Wyoming and Idaho.   They visited
the 'a.thí.linix (Manure Pile Place, i.e. Bears Paw Battlefield).
In fact, Joseph's older daughter, Running Water, was a member
of one of these gangs, did visit the place, was responsible for
the killings around Helena, and survived.

The Battle itself is called Péyewitanakahalapeqwit (Death’s
Spirits Taking Time”)

Joseph himself followed the POW's to Fort Leavenworth and on
into N.E. Oklahoma, around Miami. He and his family always complained
and wanted to "go home".   Finally, Generals Miles
and Howard lobbied Congress to create an agency near Spokane,
for these disgruntled Renegades. Joseph and his family finally
was moved to the Collville Strip, S.W. of the Spokane Reservation. The
rest, stayed in Oklahoma (170+) and are the residence around Miami,

Joseph never visited the Bears Paw again and he didn't want to.

The Renegades, Yellow Wolf (Hími.m Maqsmáqs ), Hair
Combed-over-eyes(Wi.talaqí.len, i,e, Bangs ), Many Wounds (?llxni?ewim
), White Hawk (Ta?mapcá?yo Xayxayx ) and Bird Lighting ( Poxpox Tiyek)
are the ones credited with the creation of Chief Joseph State
Park(Montana), the battlefield site, with MacWorther’s help.

What were they doing there ..... well Running Water was a member of
their gang .... and Bird Alighting ended up with Jennet Manuel’s scalp
according to MacWorter.

I mention this because these were not nice people, something the new-age
crowd tries to ignore.

Joseph lived and died and is buried near Nespelem, WS. His daughter,
Running Water, did visit her parents there on the Collville Strip, so
they did know she survived.

The reason Joseph and his family could not “go home” was the Nez Perce
Nation banned all Renegades from ever visiting or even visiting the
Lapwai Reservation again and they really tried to enforce that order.
When Joseph refused to Surrender to Old George, at the Bears Paw, on
04Cct78, he was forever banned from the Nez Perce Nation. That order
has never been lifted and only the Exhausted Nine (Nez Perce High
Council) have the authority to lift the order

Only we, So.yá.po.m (Whitemen) call him Nez Perce, or "chief", or at
least that’s the way it used to be until the new-age crowd took over.

The real hero of the era was Chief Archie Lawyer ( Hallál.hótsot,
Mountain Shadow). He managed to salvage the Lapwai Reservation from
closure by a damned irate Congress.

It’s actually a very complicated story and most of the literature today
only give about 1% of the full story. Jerome Greene does the best job.
Unfortunately, the propaganda is what’s offered along the Nez Perce
National Trail (USNP Service). Do the research, it is really a very
deep story. It is Americana at its deepest and finest. It is true
piece of The American West.

Lee R. Williams


(these only reflect the opinions of their authors)

"Mohawk Nation News"

MNN. April 1, 2009. The colonies of U.S. and Canada know we, the
Rotinoshonnionwe, have a birthright to conduct trade and commerce on our
homeland, Onowaregeh, Great Turtle Island. State and Federal
authorities cannot legally stop us except by coercion, breaking laws,
criminalizing and threatening us. We are peaceful, law abiding and take
care of our families and communities. The misnomer Center for Public
Integrity out of Washington DC has been putting out propaganda to
produce racial hatred against us.   

“Serial warfare” uses the media to set up the target for the attack.
“Investigative journalists” seek the truth. “Operative journalists” use
deceit, misinformation, destruction, psychological attacks and
exaggeration on their “mark”. They create suspicion and biases against
us by falsely connecting us to “guns”, “contraband”, “drugs”, “organized
crime”, “smuggling” and “global terrorism”, to set the stage for an
attack by U.S. and Canadian occupational forces, both military and

We are being criminalized by the foreigners for something that is not a
crime. We have a right to trade and commerce. Tobacco is our product
which we create on our homeland.

No violence is associated with any of our legitimate businesses. The
only violence is that perpetrated on us by foreign cops and outside
interests. No one supports those few business people who may be
involved in drugs, similar to the U.S. government that was trading drugs
for guns in the Iran-Contra affair, or the CIA releasing drugs in East
LA [GaryWebb: Dark Alliance].   The colonists constantly criminalize
almost anything we do that would make us independent. We have tried to
play by the rules. The government raised the taxes and demands so high
to try to control us that we could not sustain our businesses.   

If most U.S. and Canadian businesses were criminalized or taxed too high
to be viable, they may be forced to break their own laws to survive.
The state has been trying to determine that the Mohawk People are
“insurgents” to remove any human rights protections we have according to
international law.     

We would never carry out criminal economic enterprises like Bernie
Madoff, AIG, Wall Street bankers and all the other corrupt scrum bags
who have created the worldwide melt down.   These are the kinds of
interests that are coming after us.

The “operative media” plays a major role. Mainstream papers are losing
circulation, influence and advertising. Many like the Montreal Gazette
have become cheap sensation seeking rags. They divert the public from
their own dire situations by ganging up on the “Indians”, a target they
think can’t defend themselves.

The Center for Public Integrity is a propagandist of racial hatred which
is a precursor to genocide. They criminalize and slander us for whoever
hired them to set us up for the kill. This group of media whores may be
lobbying for Big Tobacco and the foundations that fund them. They are
"generously" funded by the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public
Health. NYC Mayor and billionaire, Michael Bloomberg, constantly
condemns "Indians" and tobacco and hires journalistic “hit men” to
assassinate both. Other donators are the Carnegie Corporation of New
York, Ford Foundation, JEHT Foundation, John D. and Catharine T.
MacArthur Foundation, Park Foundation, Rockefeller Foundation and PIERS
Port Import Export Reporting Services.

Their propaganda does not mention that the police forces are involved in
stealing our products and money such as the Ontario Provincial Police,
Surete du Quebec, RCMP, NYS Troopers, U.S. and Canada Customs Border
Patrol, Cornwall, Montreal and other city cops. They hijack our
products and then sell them to their own customers. This is known as
the silent “blue market”.   Many of our people don’t get a summons to go
to court to reclaim our possessions. We sometimes find our vehicles in
the parking lots of various donut shops.     

Big Tobacco companies such as Rothman’s, Imperial and RJ Reynolds are
headquartered in Britain. They don’t want any competition or for
Indigenous to profit from trade in our own products. They want to be
the only game in town, make the rules for everybody and call in the
military on some made up pretext.             

Tobacco is legal. The fear is that the profits are being invested in
our youth, families and communities which will make us stronger.
Onowaregeh, Great Turtle Island, is the richest territory in the world.
The invaders want to keep us as the poorest. If we had a real share of
our own resources, we would not have to resort to what they call the
“underground economy”. We are not afraid to work in the light of day
because we aren’t criminals.   

This is not about lost revenue or health care expenses in the U.S. and
Canada. It’s about loss of control over this aspect of our lives. The
“extortion” they are crying over is chump change compared to the
trillions of dollars they are stealing from us.   

Yes, we have organized crime in our communities called “Indian Affairs”
and other colonial agencies. Non-native business people and the
colonial state, with the help of their “Indian” mules, use the
protection of the colonial Indian Act and Federal Indian law “band” and
“tribal” recognition to make money.   They help build casinos and other
developments on our lands from which we do not benefit or control. The
“kingpins” are all on the outside. We’re left with trying to clean up
their mess! [MNN “Canada & Big Tobacco..” 2/6/09].

Big Tobacco and their global cohorts want everybody in the world to be
under their thumb or otherwise eliminated. They are trying to corner us
and cut us off from any means to survive. The streets of Kahnawake,
Akwesasne, Kanehsatake, Cattaraugus and Tuscarora are safer than any
street in Montreal, New York, Buffalo or Washington, D.C. This fear
mongering hyperbole by the journalistic “guns for hire” of the
multinationals and their colonial agents means we better get ready to
defend ourselves. A big attack by the combined forces of the U.S. and
Canada may be coming our way soon!   

MNN Staff, Mohawk Nation News & Native Pride www.mohawknationnews.com
www.letstalknativepride.blogspot.com katen-@yahoo.com
kahenti-@yahoo.com Note: At this time your financial help is
urgently needed and appreciated for the lawsuit against the Canadian
government for assault of Indigenous women at the Cornwall border.
Please send your donations to PayPal at www.mohawknationnews.com, or by
check or money order to “MNN Mohawk Nation News”, Box 991, Kahnawake
[Quebec, Canada] J0L 1B0. Nia:wen thank you very much. Go to MNN
“General” category for more stories on this; New MNN Books Available
now! Purchase t-shirts, mugs and more at our CafePressStore
http://www.cafepress.com/mohawknews; Subscribe to MNN for breaking news
updates http://.mohawknationnews.com/news/subscription.php; Sign Women
Title Holders petition! http://www.ipetitions.com/petition/Iroquois

Stephen Harper p-@pm.ca; RJ. Reynolds America www.rjrt.com, Salem NC;
Rothman UK Holding Ltd. www.fundinguniverse.com 15 Hill St., London W1X
7FB 071-491-4366; Imperial Tobacco Group PLC www.imperial-tobacco.com
P.O. Box 244, Upton Rd., Bristol BS99 7UJ +44-0-177-963-6636; See
Rothmans UK Holdings Limited London (071) 491-4366 Fax (071) 493-8404;
Integrity www.publicintegrity.org; William
Marsden wmar-@thegazette.canwest.com; Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School
of Public Health www.jhsph.edu; Carnegie Foundation www.carnegie.org;
Ford Foundation fordfound.org; JHET Foundation www.jehtfoundation.org;
John D. & Catharine T. MacArthur Foundation www.found.org; Park
Foundation in-@parkfoundation.org; Rockefeller Foundation
rockfound.org; PIERS in-@piers.com.   
Note: Upper Cut School of Journalism looking for suitable candidates
with integrity.


Other Things:
(mostly humorous)

From Christi:


1st baby: You begin wearing maternity clothes as soon as
your OB/GYN confirms your pregnancy.   

2nd baby: You wear your regular clothes for as long as possible.

3rd baby: Your maternity clothes ARE your regular clothes.


Preparing for the Birth:

1st baby: You practice your breathing religiously.

2nd baby: You don't bother because you remember that last
time, breathing didn't do a thing.

3rd baby: You ask for an epidural in your eighth month.

__________________________________________ ____________

The Layette:

1st baby: You pre-wash newborn's clothes, color-coordinate them, and
fold them neatly in the baby's little bureau.

2nd baby: You check to make sure that the clothes are clean and
discard only the ones with the darkest stains.

3rd baby: Boys can wear pink, can't they?



1st baby: At the first sign of distress--a whimper,
a frown--you pick up the baby

2nd baby: You pick the baby up when her wails threaten
to wake your firstborn.

3rd baby: You teach your three-year-old how to
rewind the mechanical swing.


1st baby: If the pacifier falls on the floor, you put it away until
you can go home and wash and boil it.

2nd baby: When the pacifier falls on the floor, you squirt it
off with some juice from the baby's bottle.

3rd baby: You wipe it off on your shirt and pop it back in.

___________________ ___________________________________


1st baby: You change your baby's diapers every hour,
whether they need it or not.

2nd baby: You change their diaper every two to three hours, if needed.

3rd baby: You try to change their diaper before others start to
complain about the smell or you see it sagging to their knees.



1st baby: You take your infant to Baby Gymnastics, Baby Swing,
Baby Zoo, Baby Movies and Baby Story Hour.

2nd baby: You take your infant to Baby Gymnastics.

3rd baby: You take your infant to the supermarket and the dry cleaners.

_____________________________ _________________________

Going Out:

1st baby: The first time you leave your baby with a sitter,
you call home five times.

2nd baby: Just before you walk out the door, you remember to
leave a number where you can be reached.

3rd baby: You leave instructions for the sitter to call only if she sees


At Home:
1st baby: You spend a good bit of every day just gazing at the baby.

2nd baby: You spend a bit of everyday watching to be sure your older
child isn't squeezing, poking, or hitting the baby.

3rd baby: You spend a little bit of every day hiding from the children


Swallowing Coins (a favorite):

1st child: When first child swallows a coin, you rush the child to the
hospital and demand x-rays

2nd child: When second child swallows a coin, you carefully watch for
the coin to pass.

3rd child: When third child swallows a coin you deduct it from his

God's reward
for allowing your children
to live!


Excellent Jump Rope team video:


From my brother Milton:

The Center for Disease Control has issued a medical alert about a highly
contagious, potentially dangerous virus that is transmitted orally, by
hand, and even electronically.

This virus is called Weekly Overload Recreational Killer (WORK).

If you receive WORK from your boss, any of your colleagues or anyone
else via any means whatsoever - DO NOT TOUCH IT!!! This virus will wipe
out your private life entirely. If you should come into contact with
WORK you should immediately leave the premises.

Take two good friends to the nearest liquor store and purchase one or
both of the antidotes - Work Isolating Neutralizer Extract (WINE) and
Bothersome Employer Elimination Rebooter (BEER). Take the antidote
repeatedly until WORK has been completely eliminated from your system.

You should immediately forward this medical alert to five friends. If
you do not have five friends, you have already been infected and WORK is
controlling your life.


Here are some random historical events for April:

April 1: 1880: Captain Eli Huggins, and Troop E, Second Cavalry,
from Fort Keogh, in east-central Montana, surprise a band of "hostile"
Sioux. During a brief battle, the soldiers capture
five Indians, forty-six horses, and some weapons. Lieutenant
John Coale, and Troop C, Second Cavalry, from Fort Custer, in
south-central Montana, has a skirmish with Sioux on O'Fallon's
Creek. One soldier is killed in the fighting. According to Army reports,
some of these Indians are believed to have been
involved in the theft of Crow Indian scout horses, from Fort
Custer, on March 24, 1880. For his part in cutting off the
Indians' herd of ponies through the use of "fearless exposure
and dashing bravery," Second Lieutenant Lloyd M. Brett is
awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor. Captain Huggins will
also be awarded the Medal of Honor for his actions in the

April 2: 1781: Established on the heights above the Cumberland
River, Fort Nashborough served as a central point of defense
for the settlers in the area which eventually becomes Nashville,
Tennessee. The fort is the scene of almost continuous sniping
by local Indians over a twenty-year period. A Cherokee war party
attempts to capture the fort. Using a few exposed warriors as
bait, they lure twenty woodsmen out of the fort. The main body attacks
the Europeans, killing five. The fort lets loose a pack
of hunting dogs which attack the Cherokees. The surviving
woodsmen make their escape while the Cherokees fight off the
dogs. This attack is the last serious attack on the fort by the

April 3: 1975: Gerald Tailfeathers, a Blood from Alberta, Canada
is an accomplished artist. He dies on the Blood Reserve.

April 4: 1840: Comanche Chief Piava arranges an exchange of two
prisoners with the residents of San Antonio, Texas. Two captives
from each side are released.

April 5: 1879: Having been cast out of Little Wolf's Band of
Cheyenne for killing two of their fellow Northern Cheyenne, a
group of eight Indians are moving on their own. They attack a Sergeant,
and a Private, of the Second Cavalry, on Mizpah Creek.
The Sergeant is seriously wounded, and the Private is killed.

April 6: 572: Maya King Kan B'alam I (Great Sun Snake Jaguar)
takes the throne in Palenque, Mexico

See my photos of palenque at:

April 7: 1864: Colonel John Chivington, Commander of the
District of Colorado, reports to his supervisor, Major General
Samuel Curtis, that Cheyennes have stolen 175 cattle from a
ranch on the Smokey Hill stage coach route. An investigation, conducted
much later shows no proof the Indians are involved
in any such activity.

April 8: 1756: Governor Robert Morris declares war on the
Delaware and Shawnee Indians. As a part of his declaration, he
offer the following cash bounties: prisoners: men over twelve
= 150 Spanish pieces of eight, women or boys = 130; scalps: men
= 130, women and boys = 50. The bounty on scalps leads to the
killing of many innocent Indians who are members of neither
tribe. The legislation for this is called "The Scalp Act."
Some sources list this happening on April 14th

April 9: 1830: After some "politicking," Greenwood le Flore is
elected as Chief of the Choctaw Nation, during a "rump" council.
Previously, there were three regional Chiefs. Le Flore is in
favor of selling the Choctaw lands, and moving to Indian
Territory (present day Oklahoma). Some sources state this
happens on March 16th.

April 10: 1837: As part of the treaty signed on March 6th,
the Seminoles are to report to Tampa Bay no later than today
for transport to the Indian Territory (present day Oklahoma).
Prior to today, General Jesup reneged on one of the provisions
of the treaty. He allowed whites to come among the Indians to
seek out blacks whom they claimed as runaway slaves. This
makes the Seminoles doubt if the United States will live up
to this agreement. Many of the Seminoles disappear into the

April 11: 1873: Captain Jack and several of his warriors
arrive at the peace conference site between the lava beds and
the soldier's camp in northen California. The army is composed
of soldiers from the First Cavalry, Twelfth & Twenty-First
Infantry, Fourth Artillery and some Indian scouts . A little
before noon, General Canby, who convinced Manuelito and his
Apache followers to sign a peace treaty, and his peace
commissioners arrive at the meeting place. Canby says he wants
to help the Modocs find good land for a reservation. Captain
Jack tells him he wants land near the lava beds and Tule Lake. Captain
Jack repeated his request for the soldiers to be
removed before they continue their talks. Angry words are
then passed between Schonchin John, Hooker Jim and commissioner Alfred
Meacham. General Canby says that only the "Great Father
in Washington" can order the soldiers to leave. Captain Jack,
again, repeats his demands to be given lands nearby, and to
do it today. Meacham tells Canby to promise him the land.
Captain Jack suddenly jumps up, points his pistol at Canby
and fires, mortally wounding Canby. Boston Charley shoots,
and kills, commissioner Reverend Eleazar Thomas. The other commissioners
escape. Six soldiers are also killed. Two
officers, thirteen soldiers and two civilians are wounded
during the fighting which lasts until April 26th.

April 12: 1676: As a part of King Philip's War, 500 Indians
attack Sudbury, Massachusetts. Most of the settlers escape into
fortified structures. The Indians burn many of the outlying buildings.
Hearing of the attack, three relief forces
consisting of a total of approximately 100 men from Concord, Watertown,
and Marlborough, converge on the settlement. In one battle, the Indians
start grass fires to strike at the Europeans.
At least, thirty whites are killed in the fighting, and much
of the town is destroyed before the Indians withdraw.

April 13: 1940: The Assistant Secretary of the Interior approves
an election for amendments to the Constitution of the Tuolumne
Band of Me-Wok Indians of the Tuolumne Rancheria; the Kashia
Band of Pomo Indians of the Stewarts Point Rancheria; AND, the
Tule River Indian Tribe.

April 14: 1665: A deed for Indian land is registered in New
England. It says, "articles of agreement, and a firme bargaine
agreed and confirmed between the Sachem of Setaucet, Warawakmy
by name."

April 15: 1715: Many European settlers have moved onto
Yamassee lands without permission. The Yamassee have also been cheated
by many traders. The British authorities have ignored
almost all of the Yamassees complaints. Yamassee Indians attack
settlements near the southeastern Georgia-South Carolina boundary.
Several hundred settlers are killed. Among the dead are Indian
Agent Thomas Naire and trader William Bray who has been engaged
in a conference at the Indian village of Pocotaligo. Bray had settled,
without permission, on Yamassee lands and established
a trading post. After amassing debts, which they can not pay,
Bray suggested the Yamassee pay their debts by giving him
slaves from other Indian tribes. This slave trade, and Bray's
habit of capturing Indians and selling them as slaves, is a significant
factor in the war.

April 16: 1519: According to some sources, after landing on the Mexican
mainland, Hernán Cortés and his army start their travels toward
Tenochtitlán (modern Mexico City).

April 17: 1528: Panfilo de Narvaez begins his exploration of
Florida by coming ashore near Tampa Bay. He visits an Indian
house which is big enough to hold 300 people, in his opinion.
He also finds a "rattle" made of gold in the abandoned house.
The discovery of gold spurs Narvaez onward across Florida.

April 18: 1879: After the Custer disaster, the U.S. government
decides to punish the plains Indians. While the Poncas have no
part in the Custer battle, the have erroneously been placed in a
reservation with the Sioux. When it is decided to force the
Sioux to go to Indian Territory (present day Oklahoma), the
Poncas are ordered to go as well. Many Poncas start to walk
back to their old reservation from Indian Territory. Eventually, General
George Crook sympathizes with the Poncas and one of
their Chiefs, Standing Bear. Seeking public support to avoid
being ordered to send Standing Bear back to Indian Territory,
General Crook contacts the press about the Poncas' plight.
Many editorials are written in support of the Poncas, and
several lawyers volunteer their services for free. Judge Elmer
Dundy, with Crook's blessing, issues a writ of habeas corpus
to the General to produce the Poncas and show why he is holding
them. A U.S. District Attorney argues that the Poncas can not
be served a writ because they have no legal standing, or are
not recognized as people, under the law. On this date the
tribe begins to determine if Indians, and particularly Standing
Bear, are people under U.S. laws and can enjoy constitutional
rights and privileges. The judge eventually rules Standing Bear
is indeed a person and can not be ordered to a reservation
against his will. While this decision seems to prevent keeping
any Indians on any particular reservation against their will,
the eventual course of the U.S. Government is to say the ruling applied
only to Standing Bear, and to no one else.

April 19: 1735: A force of eighty French and over 200 Indian
warriors start a four day attack on a Sauk and Fox village on
the Mississippi River near the Des Moines River. The expedition
led by Captain Nicolas de Noyelles, is not prepared for siege
warfare and they abandon the attack.

April 20: 1865: As a part of the investigation into the Sand
Creek massacre (November 29, 1864) , Lt. James Olney appears
before the commission at Fort Lyon, Colorado. He testifies
he witnessed a specific incident of brutality. "…Three squaws
and five children, prisoners in charge of some soldiers; that,
while they were being conducted along, they were approached by
Lieutenant Harry Richmond, of the third Colorado cavalry; that
Lieutenant Richmond thereupon immediately killed and scalped
the three women and the five children while they (prisoners)
were screaming for mercy; while the soldiers in whose charge
the prisoners were shrank back, apparently aghast."

April 21: 1869: Donehogawa (Ely Samuel Parker) is the first
Indian appointed to be Commissioner of Indian Affairs. Donehogawa,
a Seneca Iroquois, is trained as a lawyer and a civil engineer. Unable
to find work in the white world, Donehogawa contacts
his old friend Ulysses Grant. Grant makes him an aide, and
they work together through much of the Civil War. Because of
his excellent penmanship, Donehogawa draws up the surrender
papers for Lee to sign at Appomattox. Promoted to Brigadier
General, Ely Parker worked to settle many conflicts between
whites and Indians. After Grant becomes President, he is
appointed as Indian Commissioner on this date.

April 22: 1877: Two Moons, Hump, and 300 other Indians surrender
to Colonel Nelson Miles. Most of the rest of Crazy Horse's
followers surrender on May 6, 1877 at the Red Cloud, and Spotted
Tail agencies.

April 23: 906: Uxmal is a Maya ruin in the Yucatan peninsula of Mexico.
A dedication ceremony is held for one of the buildings, according to an
inscription in the building.

See my photos of Uxmal at:

April 24: 1885: The Fish Creek fight takes place between
Canadian forces under Major General Frederick Dobson Middleton
and 150 Metis under Gabriel Dumont. This is one of the more significant
fights of the "Riel Rebellion."

April 25: 1541: Coronado leaves Alcanfor en route to Quivira.
While in Quivira, Coronado killed many of the inhabitants of
Tiguex Pueblo.

April 26: 1872: Captain Charles Meinhold, and Troop B, Third
Cavalry, encounter an Indian war party on the South Fork of
the "Loup" River, Nebraska. A fight ensues, in which, three
Indians are killed. Scout William F. "Buffalo Bill" Cody,
Sergeant John H. Foley, Privates William Strayer and Leroy
Vokes will be given the Congressional Medal of Honor for
"gallantry in action" during this engagement.

April 27: 1877: General George Crook contacts Red Cloud with
a message for Crazy Horse. Crook promises that if Crazy Horse
surrenders, he will get a reservation in the Powder River
area. On this date, Red Cloud delivers the message to Crazy
Horse. Crazy Horse agrees and heads to Fort Robinson, in
northwestern Nebraska, where he surrenders to the U.S. Army.

April 28: 1882: The Mi’kmaq Membertou First Nation reserve
of Caribou Marsh is established in Nova Scotia.

April 29: 1700: Pierre le Moyne d'Iberville visits a Pascagoula
Indian village, one day's walk from the French post at Biloxi.
The Pascagoulas have been hit hard by disease brought by the Europeans.
D'Iberville is impressed by the beauty of the
Pascagoula women.

April 30: 1598: Don Juan de Oñate claims all lands in modern
New Mexico, including those of the resident Pueblos, for Spain.
The event known as "La Toma" takes place near San Elizario.


That's probably it for this month.

Stay safe,

Phil Konstantin

End of Phil Konstantin's April 2009 Newsletter - Part 1

Monthly Newsletter

Put your e-mail address in the box below and click the button to receive my monthly e-mail newsletter. The newsletter features historical information, a "Link of the Month" and other related material.
 Join American Indian! 

Go To Newsletter Page

Go To Main Page

Go To Tribal Names Page

Go to Indian Moons & Calendar Stuff

Click on the image below to go to......

My website's home page My Website's Home Page My main links page with connections to thousands of other websites Links: (8,700 and counting) my page with tribal name meanings & alternate tribal names Tribal Names
Indian tribal moon names & other calendar information Indian Moons My personal photos Personal Photos My biography My Biography
What happened to a sleepy driver Sleepy Driver My website about NASA & the Space Program The Space Program photos & info of my trip to some ancient ruins in Mexico & Guatemala Ancient Ruins in Central America
photos & info on my trip to some ancient Maya ruins in 2000 Maya Ruins in Mexico My late wife Robyn's page about whales & whale watching Whales Awards this site has received & WebRings to which this site belongs Awards & Webrings
photos & descriptions of the 2001 Cherokee National Holiday in Tahlequah, Oklahoma Cherokee Holiday 2001 a page with basic info for the Cherokee Nation (Oklahoma) Cherokee Enrollment an archive of my past monthly newsletters My Newsletters
places where you can shop to support this site My Store a page about the California Highway Patrol California Highway Patrol locations of 'Indian Era' forts Indian Era Forts
copies of articles I have written Articles I Wrote photos of northwestern USA historical sites & reservations Northwestern USA Indian Country photos of the opening of the National Museum Of The American Indian in Washington, D.C. ( 2004) American Indian Museum in D.C. 2004
reviews of Movies, Books and other things... Movie & Book Reviews photos an info about the guests and happenings at KUSI TV in San Diego KUSI TV, my other job photos of Mesa Verde and Utah in 2006 Mesa Verde and Utah in 2006
My mortgage loan compnay My Mortgage Loan Company photos of the 2006 SDSU powwow 2006 SDSU Powwow  

Four of the five books I have worked on. I either wrote, co-wrote, or contributed to each of these beeks

This is the cover to my first book. 
Click here to got more info, or to order a copy. Click on the cover to order a copy or to get more info.
This Day in North American Indian History
This Day in North American Indian History is a one-of-a-kind, vastly entertaining and informative book covering over 5000 years of North American Indian history, culture, and lore. Wide-ranging, it covers over 4,000 important events involving the native peoples of North America in a unique day-by-day format.

The thousands of entries in This Day in North American Indian History weave a compelling and comprehensive mosaic of North American Indian history spanning more than five millennia-every entry an exciting opening into the fascinating but little- known history of American Indians.

Over 100 photographs and illustrations - This book has 480 pages, weighs 2.2 pounds and is 8" by 9.5" in size. The Dates, Names and "Moons" section of these pages are based on the book.

This is the cover to my 4th book. 
Click here to got more info, or to order a copy or to get more info.
This is the cover to my 4th book. Click here to got more info, or to order a copy or to get more info."

Native American History For Dummies

I wrote six of the twenty-four chapters in this book. I am credited with being the technical editor. Book Description:
Native American History For Dummies introduces readers to the thousand-year-plus history of the first inhabitants of North America and explains their influence on the European settlement of the continent. Covering the history and customs of the scores of tribes that once populated the land, this friendly guide features vivid studies of the lives of such icons as Pocahontas, Sitting Bull, and Sacagawea; discusses warfare and famous battles, offering new perspectives from both battle lines; and includes new archaeological and forensic evidence, as well as oral histories that show events from the perspective of these indigenous peoples. The authors worked in concert with Native American authorities, institutions, and historical experts to provide a wide range of insight and information.
This is the cover to my 3rd book. 
Click here to got more info, or to order a copy or to get more info.
This is the cover to my 3rd book. Click here to got more info, or to order a copy or to get more info
Treaties With American Indians I wrote an article and several appendix items for this book.
Clips from a review on Amazon.com: *Starred Review* In the 93 years from 1778 until 1871, there were more than 400 treaties negotiated by Indian agents and government officials. Editor Fixico and more than 150 contributors have crafted a three volume comprehensive tool that will soon become essential for anyone interested in the topic. A resource section with lists of ?Alternate Tribal Names and Spellings,? ?Tribal Name Meanings,? (<---- I wrote this part) Treaties by Tribe,? and ?Common Treaty Names? and a bibliography and comprehensive index are repeated in each volume. This impressive set has a place in any academic library that supports a Native American studies or American history curriculum. It is the most comprehensive source of information on Canadian-Indian treaties and U.S.-Indian treaties. Also available as an e-book.

"The Wacky World of Laws"
It was just released in May 2009.
The Wacky World of Laws. Click on the cover to order a copy or to get more info.

The Wacky World of Laws is a compilation of U.S. and International Laws that are out of the ordinary. With the U.S. churning out 500,000 new laws every year and 2 million regulations annually, this book is the ideal go-to book fro everyone who wants a good laugh at the expense of our legal system. Law so often can be boring! Now with The Wacky World of Laws, you can be the hit of any water cooler conversation, and amaze your friends with precious legal nuggets.

I wrote most of this book. It is my fifth book.

(copyright, © Phil Konstantin, 2010)

Return to Previous Website

since September 4, 2005