April 2006 Newsletter from
"This Day in North American Indian History"
by Phil Konstantin
Copyright © Phil Konstantin (1996-2006)

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Start of Phil Konstantin's April 2006 Newsletter - Part 1
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Greetings,

I hope things are going well with you. I am been pretty busy recently.
If you are in San Diego during the middle of April, I invite you to
attend the powwow at San Diego State University on April 15 & 16. I
will be one of the flag bearers again this year. It is a smaller
powwow, but it is a good one.



April 6th is Drowsy Driver Awareness Day in California. April 6th will
be the 7th anniversary of my wife Robyn's death. She died when she
fell asleep behind the wheel while driving from Florida to California.
You can read all about the dangers of driving while drowsy at the follow
website:
http://www.drowsydriverawarenessday.com

The deadline for my student essay contest is coming up on the 15th.
There is more information posted below. Please encourage everyone you
know to enter.

Phil

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Link of the Month for April:

The Nieman Reports: "Covering Indian Country" from the Nieman Foundation
For Journalism at Harvard UNiversity. This 2005
publication covers LOTS of material in its 115 pages. It is well
worth a look.

http://www.nieman.harvard.edu/reports/05-3NRfall/V59N3.pdf


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The "Treaty of the Month" is the TREATY WITH THE POTAWATOMI, 1836.
Apr. 22, 1836. | 7 Stat., 501. | Proclamation, May 25, 1836.

It covers such subjects as: Land ceded to the United States;
Indians to remove within two years; and Expenses of this treaty
to be paid by United States.

You can read a transcript here:
http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/pot0459.htm


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April 15th the deadline for entries in my American Indian
student essay contest. The response has not been very good. I
only have one entry, so far. Please pass this information along
to anyone you think might be interested.

More info can be found at:
http://americanindian.net/contest.html

Phil Konstantin's "This Day in North American Indian History"
Essay Contest - 2006


There are a couple of reasons for this contest. It is my hope
that these essays will help raise the participant's awareness
in the subject matter. Sharing the information will help to
educate the public, as well. Finally, this is a way for me to
help pay back the community who has supported my efforts through
my websites, newsletters and book ("This Day in North American
Indian History"). In case it matters, I am an enrolled member
of the Cherokee Nation.

This is an essay contest for North American Indian students.
Anyone whose ancestry is from any tribe between the North Pole
and Panama (Hawaii included) is eligible to enter. When the
word "tribe" is used in the rules, it is meant to include the
concept of "nation" or "native village," as well.

There are three subjects: one for elementary/junior high school
students, one for high school students, and one for college
students.

While I am the judge and final arbitor of the contest, I might
ask others for their opinions or assistance.

I will post some of the essays on my website and in my
newsletters (see the link at the bottom of the page).


Subject:

Elementary and Junior High School students:
"What everyone needs to know about my tribe."


High school students:
"How my tribe's history guides my life."


College students:
"What does tribal sovereignty mean to my tribe."


Prizes:

There will be a total of three first place winners: one for
each of the different grade levels.

There will be a total of six runners-up: two for each of the
different grade levels.

All nine first place and runners-up essays will be posted on
my website, and included in my newsletter.

First Place Prize:
$50.00 (U.S.)
A signed copy of my book

Runner-up Prize
$25.00 (U.S.)
A signed copy of my book




Rules:

1. The essay should be under 500 words in length and written
in English, or have an English translation with it.

2. Entrants should have American Indian ancestry, or attend a tribal-run
school. You do not have to be an "enrolled" member.
Contact me if you have any questions about whether you qualify.
I will be flexible on this.

3. Entries should be mailed or e-mailed to the addresses below.

4. All essays become the property of Phil Konstantin. They will
not be returned.

5. Essays may be posted on Phil Konstantin's website,
newsletters or other publications. By submitting an entry,
you agree to these terms.

6. Phil Konstantin is the final judge and arbitor for the
contest.

7. The deadline for receiving entries is April 15, 2006




Submitting entries:

E-mail is the prefered method. Please submit each entry in
an individual e-mail. Written entries may be submitted as a
group (i.e. if everyone in a class writes an essay, they can
all be mailed in the same envelope).

Be sure to include the student's name, tribal affiliation,
school grade & mailing address on their essay.

Regular mail:
Phil Konstantin
Essay Contest
P.O. Box 17515
San Diego, CA, USA 92177-7515

E-mail:
"Essay Contest" in the subject line
philkon @ rocketmail . com

The date of the announcement of the winners will be determined
by the number of entrants. As I have to read each entry, the
more I get, the longer it will take for me to read them. I
will try to announce the winners as soon as I have read all
of the entries. A copy of this notice has been placed on this
website:
http://americanindian.net/contest.html

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact me.
Best wishes and good luck,

Phil Konstantin

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TV Notice:
==========

This notice can also be found on this website:
http://www.nni.arizona.edu/nativetv/

This program will first air on The Dish Network on April 16.


NATIVE NATION BUILDING

A Television Series Exploring Where, How, and Why Nation-Building
is Taking Place in Indian Country

The Native Nations Institute for Leadership, Management and
Policy (NNI) at The University of Arizona has unveiled a ground-breaking
new video series called Native Nation Building,
which is designed to provide critical information to the leaders
of Indian nations, students in tribal colleges and other
educational institutions, and other interested individuals
about what’s working and what’s not among Native nations as
they engage in the difficult and daunting challenge of nation building.

Native Nation Building is a series of thematic interviews
(each 30 minutes long) that presents the growing number of
nation-building success stories and examines the roots of
that success. Each segment can stand alone, but taken together,
the series provides a comprehensive overview of the ways
Native nations are working to make sustainable, self-determined
community and economic development a reality. They include:

Introduction to Nation Building chronicles the ongoing research
of NNI as well as the Harvard Project on American Indian Economic
Development. It articulates the five keys to successful community
and economic development for Native nations—sovereignty (genuine
self-rule), effective institutions of self-governance, cultural
match, strategic orientation, and leadership.

Constitutions and Constitutional Reform explores the evidence
that strong Native nations require strong foundations, which necessarily
require the development of effective, internally
created constitutions. It examines the impacts a constitution
has on the people it represents, successful reform processes
among Native nations, and common features of constitutional
reform efforts.

Why the Rule of Law and Tribal Justice Systems Matter discusses
the importance of having sound rules of law and justice systems
and examines their implications for effective governance and sustainable
economic development. It focuses on these issues
and their role in the creation of a productive environment
that encourages investment of all types from Native and non-Native
citizens.

Building and Sustaining Tribal Enterprises explores corporate governance
among Native nations, in particular the added
challenge they face in turning a profit as well as governing
effectively. It focuses on how tribes establish a regulatory
and oversight environment that allows nation enterprises to
flourish, particularly the separation of day-to-day business operations
from politics.

Promoting Tribal Citizen Entrepreneurs examines the pivotal
role that citizen entrepreneurs can play in a Native nation’s
overarching effort to achieve sustainable community and
economic development. It looks at the many different ways
that Native nation governments actively and passively hinder
citizen entrepreneurship, and the innovative approaches some
Native nations are taking.

A Capable Bureaucracy: The Key to Good Government explains that
good governance requires effective, transparent and accountable
bureaucracies. It demonstrates how clearly defined organizational
structures and roles and responsibilities help make things
work and get things done, and how their absence actively
hinders Native nation governance and development efforts.

Tribal Service Delivery: Meeting Citizens’ Needs discusses the
issue of Native nations’ administration of service delivery
in Native communities. It examines the unproductive ways
services and programs have been administered in many Native communities
in the past and the innovative mechanisms and
approaches some Native nations are developing to maximize
limited financial and human resources.

Intergovernmental and Intertribal Relations focuses on Native
nations’ efforts to enhance their relationships with other
governments as a way to advance their nation-building
objectives. It details how some Native nations are forging
mutually beneficial intergovernmental agreements, and
chronicles the many advantages to forging similar intertribal
arrangements.

Strategy and Leadership: The Path to Self-Determination ties
together the themes discussed in the previous segments into a discussion
of how Native nations and their leaders move
themselves and their peoples towards nation building. It
seeks to answer the question all Native nations have: How
do we get where we want to go?

Interview guests appearing in the series include: Lance Morgan
(Winnebago), CEO, Ho-Chunk, Inc.; Robert G. Yazzie (Navajo),
Former Chief Justice, Navajo Nation Supreme Court; Elsie
Meeks (Oglala Lakota), Executive Director, First Nations
Oweesta Corporation; Urban Giff (Gila River), Community
Manager, Gila River Indian Community; Dr. Manley Begay, Jr.
(Navajo), Director, Native Nations Institute, The University
of Arizona; Dr. Stephen Cornell, Director, Udall Center for
Studies in Public Policy, The University of Arizona; and
Dr. Joseph P. Kalt, Director, Harvard Project on American
Indian Economic Development, Harvard University. Mary Kim
Titla (San Carlos Apache), television news reporter with
KPNX in Phoenix, Arizona and author/tribal radio talk show
host Mark St. Pierre from Pine Ridge, South Dakota serve as
co-hosts of the series.

Jointly produced by NNI and KUAT MultiMedia at the University
of Arizona in Tucson, the program is being distributed to
elected officials and staff of Native nations, students at
tribal colleges and universities, and interested professionals
working in and with Native communities throughout the U.S.
and Canada. It also will be distributed to public television
and other media outlets in markets with significant numbers
of Native viewers. Through this widespread dissemination of
Native Nation Building, NNI hopes to get the practical
lessons it has learned in the hands of the people that need
it the most.


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California and the American Dream
Check your local TV listings...

California and the American Dream is a four hour documentary
series exploring the dynamics of culture, racial diversity and identity
within California, the most multiethnic state in
America. As America's cultural center slides westward and
so-called minorities become majorities in state after state,
life in the Golden State offers Americans a glimpse into
the future. California and the American Dream will take
viewers on a journey through the state's diverse experience
and the complex fabric of life in the twenty-first century.

This groundbreaking series will look at the last twenty-five
years of the California experience, a pivotal era in the
remaking of the state, its evolution in the character of the
nation, and its positioning in the global future. California
and the American Dream will present a mosaic of many voices, experiences
and images, providing an insight and understanding
of who we are and where we are going.

One out of four immigrants to the U.S. makes California their
home. Immigrants from Latin America and Europe, Asia, the
Middle East and the Pacific Islands, as well as the original inhabitants
-- American Indians -- now comprise the majority
of the California's population. Today, California's story is
more integral to the history of the country and to the future
of the world than ever before. California, where people of
so many nationalities have migrated in and so many ideas have
migrated out, is the ideal stage for California and the
American Dream, a story about all of us.


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Events & Notices:
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"Full Circle: Embracing Our Traditions and Values in Education"
On behalf of the Osa Center for Indian Education, it is an honor to
invite you to attend the 29th Annual California Conference on American
Indian Education, to be held April 13-15, 2006 at the Radisson Hotel and
Conference Center in Fresno, California.

The conference theme this year is "Full Circle: Embracing Our Traditions
and Values in Education” and will honor the knowledge that Indian
traditions are once again being made a priority in
Indian communities. The conference will also showcase 30 years
of the success and growth of American Indian education, and acknowledge
the impact education has made from a cultural
standpoint on American Indian communities in California.

The conference begins on Thursday evening with an open handgame
competition. Adult and youth teams are welcome to come and
share in traditional gambling exchanges. We realize more youth
are learning their languages, songs, and traditions and welcome
them to attend to participate in this ageold tradition. All
others are welcome to watch and learn. In addition, there will
be hands-on workshops offered Thursday evening to learn basketry skills
and other traditional arts of Indian people throughout California.

Youth participants are invited to a 2-hour session Thursday
from afternoon on proper protocol and respect while attending functions
such as the conference, where we honor Elders and educational leaders.
Youth will learn how to gain the best
educational experience and benefit from opportunities such
as Indian and other leadership conferences.

The conference will end on Saturday night with a “Big Time,” a
celebration of California Indian culture and dance and serves
as an example of the rich culture and traditions in California
that are reawakening our knowledge as Indian people.

Finally, we offer this conference in memory of one of our great leaders
in the Central Valley, Phil Hunter, Tule River Tribal
Council Member, who passed on earlier this year. He represented
California with distinction on a statewide and national level and always
made education and the needs of Indian youth a priority.
Please join us this year in Fresno. We will be proud to show you our
beautiful city and guarantee a great time for all who attend!

Wah do,
Virginia Holloway
CCAIE 2006 Conference Chairperson

http://www.ncidc.org/IndianEd.pdf

================

THE IAIA 2006 SUMMER TELEVISION AND FILM WORKSHOP SEEKS TALENTED NATIVE
AMERICAN STUDENTS
http://www.iaia.edu/cpressrelease_98.php


The Institute of American Indian Arts, in collaboration with Disney-ABC
Television Group Talent Development Programs and The
Walt Disney Studios, is presenting the third annual Summer
Television and Film Workshop. This year’s expanded, 8-week
program will focus on directing, screenwriting, production,
animation and acting techniques. Faculty is drawn from the professional
ranks of the television and film industries.
The program’s curriculum will also include mini-workshops
and panel discussions with top decision makers and other
industry experts.

The 8-week workshop begins June 5 and continues through
July 28, 2006, on the Santa Fe, N.M. campus of the Institute
of American Indian Arts. The workshop is geared to serving
all experience levels, from entry positions to seasoned
professionals, and offers participants up to 12 hours of
college credit. Application deadline is April 15.

""In carrying out the IAIA mission, our educational and
cultural pursuits converge in a fundamental task of the
Institute: to tell the Native American story, a living
legacy transmitted through Indian life, language, and
material culture. This career collaborative with industry
leaders in film and television will give us a powerful new
voice to tell that story. We are deeply grateful to
Disney-ABC for their initiative and support,” says Dr.
Richard Tobin, President, Interim, Institute of American
Indian Arts.

""We are always looking for new and creative ways to expand
our diversity efforts here at Disney-ABC, and we believe
this program will increase the number of qualified Native
American applicants to ABC and other industry programs,""
says Carmen J. Smith, Vice President of ABC Talent Development.
Ms. Smith was instrumental in developing the collaboration
with IAIA.

As part of the workshop, students will be formed into
production and post-production teams to facilitate a final
product in the form of a video of students’ work. There will
also be screenings of faculty and student work, intermixed
with other films and videos.

Beverly Morris (Aleut), director of the 2006 Summer
Television and Film Workshop, is a filmmaker with over
fifteen years of producing and directing experience,
including documentaries on subjects such as Urban Indians,
Native arts and artists, and Navajo physicist Dr. Fred
Begaye. Her knowledge will guide the workshop’s slate of
classroom lectures, seminars and one-on-one lab sessions.


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Dene Languages Conference
Yellowknife, Northwest Territories, 13-15 June, 2006
Request for Proposals/ Call for Papers

Dene Cultural Institute The Dene Languages Conference will be
held at the Explorer Hotel in Yellowknife, Northwest Territories,
Canada, June 13-15, 2006. The co-sponsors are Yamózha Kúé
Society (Dene Cultural Institute) and the Department of
Linguistics, University of Victoria.

Visit this website for more information:
http://www.uaf.edu/anlc/alc/

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World Premiere of ARIGON STARR'S one-woman extravaganza ~
THE RED ROAD!

The production opened March 30, 2006 and plays through
April 30, 2006 before starting it's world tour!

THE RED ROAD ~ At the Autry National Center
March 30 - April 30
Thursdays - 8:00 pm
Sunday Matinees - 2:00 pm

Tickets: General $20, Autry Members $12
Groups of 10 or more save 20%
Call TicketWeb for reservations at 866.468.3399,
www.ticketweb.com
For group sales please call 323.667.2000, ext.391

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MAVIN Foundation is excited to announce the 3rd annual National
Mixed Heritage Student Leadership Retreat!



This retreat is an opportunity for mixed race and transracially adopted
students from across the country to gather, share their stories, learn
from each other, and develop valuable grassroots organizing and
leadership skills. The goal of the retreat is to encourage participants
to return to their communities and make
a real impact.

The retreat will be held June 23rd to the 26th outside of
Seattle, Washington. Any student or person aged 16 years or
older is invited to apply. There will be a $75 registration
fee for participants. Please feel free to forward this
application widely.

To learn more and download a registration packet, please go to:
http://www.mixituponcampus.org/>


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Current and Upcoming Exhibitions at the Arizona State Museum
http://www.statemuseum.arizona.edu/exhibits/index.shtml

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Info from newsletter subscribers:



From Joseph RedCloud:
=====================

Good afternoon,

I send you greetings in a good way.

Just as we did not more than a couple of years ago, we are
meeting with the Meade County Commissioners in South Dakota
to voice our opposition to another one of their development
plans near Bear Butte. As you may recall, our efforts were
successful in stopping the construction of a rifle range and
sporting club near Bear Butte. If anyone thought that the
"battle" was over, they were mistaken.

The Meade County Commissioners have received an application
from a Mr. Jay Allen for a liquor license at a bar that he
wants to build near Bear Butte. Mr. Allen already owns four
(4) bars, one of which (The Broken Spoke Saloon) is billed
as the largest biker bar in the world. Now, our people have
nothing against entrepreneurs like Mr. Allen. Our objection
is focused on his efforts to open yet another bar and build
that bar almost next to Bear Butte.

One should pause and consider, just how many bars does
Sturgis have? How many more does it need? Must culture and
religion be sacrificed in pursuit of profit? How much concern
does Mr. Allen truly have for the sensitive nature of the
area if he jokes about naming the new bar "Sacred Grounds"?

There will be a rally on Tuesday, April 4, 2006 in Sturgis,
South Dakota. You are welcomed to join us. If you need
additional information, please call (605) 455-2155 or 2508 or
(605) 964-4642 or (605) 538-4134.

Of course, I don't expect everyone to attend. The Meade
County Commissioners have only granted us thirty (30) minutes
with which to make our wishes known. They have generously
agreed to accept written opinions and they will read them
before the meeting.

So, please, take a few minutes to write down your feelings
on this issue and fax them to the Meade County Attorney at
(605) 347-6815. Better yet, send them a fax and join us next
Tuesday! Everyone is invited. Everyone is welcome! Tell your
friends. Tell your neighbors. Tell your classmates. Tell your
fellow riders.

Meade County Commissioners Fax Number: (605) 347-5825

Meade County Commissioners E-mail Address: audi-@meadecounty.org


==============

Greetings from Judith Villa, at Indiana U of PA.

I am editing next Fall's _Journal of the Humanities_, which
will be devoted to American Indian studies (articles, interesting
syllabi with explanatory memos, short fiction, poetry, book/film
reviews, etc.).

Please consider submitting something, or, if you'd rather be
an "outside reader," that would also be great--just let me
know. I am especially trying to get the call out to people
just starting out in jobs or still in grad school; I really
want to try and help new folks with a publication, if possible.

Also, if folks could send me names of books and films that they
believe should be reviewed, that would also be most helpful.

And one more favor. . . please send this call out to other
distribution lists you are on so the word gets around.

I am really looking forward to having this edition of the
journal not be the usual critical essay/book review format
and am hoping people will send some exciting and unusual work.

Thanks very much,

Judith V.
jvi-@IUP.EDU

===============

American Indian woman saw changes on reservation

By: YVETTE URREA - Staff Writer

In her 95-year lifetime, Eva Linton Rehner saw many changes
in the local Indian communities ---- and she helped bring about
some of those changes for the betterment of the tribal band,
her family said.

She died Thursday of natural causes at the Silverado Senior
Facility in Escondido, where she had been living in her last
years.

"For the past three years, she was the oldest living elder on
the Pala Reservation ... one of her girlfriends is now the
oldest," said her only son, Theodore Linton of Pala.


Rehner was born on Jan. 24, 1911, on the Santa Ysabel Indian Reservation
as part of the Luiseno Mission Indians, said Linton.

Those were difficult times for Indians because young children
were gathered up and sent away to U.S. government-run Indian
boarding schools where they wore uniforms, boys had to cut
their hair, and they learned American customs as part of
their education, he said.

Rehner went to the Sherman Indian School in Riverside County
when she was about 12 years old, Linton said. She told him
the students were disciplined when they spoke their own
language and it was "kind of on the brutal side, but she got
an education there," Linton said.

When she finished her studies, she moved to the Los Angeles
and Hollywood area to work as a nanny. While there, she went
to a USO club and met sailor Robert Joseph Rehner, an American
from Pennsylvania, whom she married in 1935 on the Pala Indian
Reservation. She ultimately stayed at Pala, while he went on
to complete his tours of duty.

She opened a general store on the reservation that she operated
until 1988, the year her husband died.

While in her 60s, Rehner noted that her husband, who was
retired military, didn't have to pay sale taxes on the
military base and wondered why Indians would have to pay
sale taxes since it was federal land. So, she sued the state
for requiring Native Americans to pay sales tax on the
reservation and won, Linton said.

Linton said he remembers it was pretty hectic at the time
having to deal with all the attorneys, but she was proud
of it when she prevailed. Later, she tried to sue the state
again to keep Indian retailers exempt from having to get a
state license to sell alcohol, but she lost that battle,
Linton said.

Rehner was also an environmentalist and was always concerned
and vocal about things that affected the reservation such as
dust pollution from uncovered passing quarry trucks, he said.
Eventually, the trucks had to cover their loads and take other
steps to keep the dust under control.

"She always had a good point and people would listen to her,"
Linton said. "In the Indian way of life, the elders are still respected
by the younger people, and that's why she was
listened to."

Linton said his mother was headstrong and persistent and would
"get things done."

Tribal Chairman Robert Smith said Rehner "was well-respected"
on the reservation. Smith said everyone knew her because for
years her store was the only one open on Sundays.

Rehner is survived by Linton, his wife Mary Ann Linton, four
grandchildren and six great grandchildren.

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News articles:
--------------

Who Were The First Americans?
http://www.time.com/time/archive/preview/0,10987,1169905,00.html

Berger urges big, bold fix for Inuit education
http://www.nunatsiaq.com/news/nunavut/60331_01.html

Bush picks Kempthorne for Interior
http://www.indiancountry.com/content.cfm?id=1096412699

Meth lays siege to Indian country
http://www.usatoday.com/news/nation/2006-03-30-meth_x.htm

Two succeed, four give up on Pole treks - Iqaluit father-daughter team
among groups still pressing north
http://www.nunatsiaq.com/news/nunavut/60331_11.html

Mushers head overland in sixth annual Nunavik dog team race
http://www.nunatsiaq.com/news/nunavik/60331_04.html

Border-town discrimination shows power of perception
http://www.billingsgazette.net/articles/2006/04/02/news/state/60-rave.txt


LaDuke: Three Affiliated Tribes at a crossroads: Which energy path?
http://www.indiancountry.com/content.cfm?id=1096412739

Native Runner 55th In World Cross Country Championships
http://www.nativeyouthmagazine.com/profiles_view.php?pfcid=8&pfid=302

Bill would curb off-site casinos
http://www.casperstartribune.net/articles/2006/04/02/news/regional/4e33379250392c9e872571410074f9a4.txt


Taissumani: A Day in Arctic History: April 5, 1923 – In Search of
Igsivalitaq, the Outlaw
and A Day in Arctic History - March 28, 1923 — Rasmussen meets the
Netsilingmiut
http://www.nunatsiaq.com/opinionEditorial/columns.html

Lester: Indian rights of way and echoes of the 19th century
http://www.indiancountry.com/content.cfm?id=1096412740

Grant to fight Indian cancer
http://www.greatfallstribune.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20060402/NEWS01/604020302/1002


Immigration threatens cultural sites
http://sun.yumasun.com/artman/publish/articles/story_23203.php

Border artifacts, cultural sites are in danger
http://www.azcentral.com/news/articles/0321sacred-damage0321.html

The greatest show in town - The last session of the legislature showed
MLAs at the peak of their performance
http://www.nunatsiaq.com/archives/60324/news/features/60324_01.html

Kelseyville agrees to drop Indian mascots at schools
http://www1.pressdemocrat.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20060323/NEWS/603230302/1033/NEWS01


Reliving the Past - Code Talkers return to Iwo Jima
http://www.gallupindependent.com/2006/mar/032906iwojima.html

No such thing as typical American Indian
http://www.thetimesonline.com/articles/2006/03/30/features/home_and_garden/5e8b2d6975352b408625713f00017854.txt


Environmental group says coal company harming Navajo-Hopi aquifer
http://www.casperstartribune.net/articles/2006/03/24/news/regional/411f376a51caaa1f87257139005e948f.txt


Indian Walk-In Center faces ax
http://www.sltrib.com/utah/ci_3664968

Petroglyphs picture prehistoric Hohokam life
http://www.eastvalleytribune.com/index.php?sty=61749

DORREEN YELLOW BIRD COLUMN: May film foster understanding
http://www.grandforks.com/mld/grandforks/news/columnists/dorreen_yellow_bird/13848616.htm


Federal Agencies Make Klamath Suggestions
http://www.chron.com/disp/story.mpl/ap/nation/3758087.html

No help for struggling students in Iqaluit schools - 62 per cent of
tenth graders below grade level
http://www.nunatsiaq.com/news/iqaluit/60331_01.html

A Navajo Tale: Canyon de Chelly is home to stone-age history
http://www.chicoer.com/local_news/ci_3640349

State slow to improve Indian education
http://www.freenewmexican.com/news/41542.html

Sioux tribe plans to scalp its own
http://www.wnd.com/news/article.asp?ARTICLE_ID=49489

Fire Thunder's choice worthy of respect
http://www.indiancountry.com/content.cfm?id=1096412742

Wampanoag cross first hurdle to federal recognition
http://www.capecodonline.com/cctimes/wampyes31.htm

Blumenthal seeks intervener status in Schaghticoke appeal
http://www.indiancountry.com/content.cfm?id=1096412709

Urban Indians fear loss of health clinics - 17 of 34 native-friendly
clinics may be axed under Bush budget proposal
http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/12013262/from/ET/

Tribe granted preliminary federal recognition
http://www.boston.com/news/local/massachusetts/articles/2006/03/31/tribe_government_has_granted_preliminary_federal_recognition/?p1=MEWell_Pos1


Blessing Way Ceremony Part Four By Crystal Begay
http://www.nativeyouthmagazine.com/profiles_view.php?pfcid=8&pfid=115

Congress and tribes at odds over trust and land
http://www.indiancountry.com/content.cfm?id=1096412749

Nunavut premier defends seal hunt as way of life for Arctic aboriginals
http://ca.news.yahoo.com/s/27032006/2/world-nunavut-premier-defends-seal-hunt-way-life-arctic-aboriginals.html


Mesa Verde: 100th anniversary of first park to protect man-made wonders
http://www.usatoday.com/travel/destinations/2006-03-23-mesa-verde_x.htm?csp=34


California Tribe Tries to Save Its Language
http://www.voanews.com/english/AmericanLife/2006-03-30-voa46.cfm

NM governor vetoes funds for Indian art authenticity; lawmaker says
she'll persist
http://www.freenewmexican.com/news/41267.html

Tribal Chairman Floyd "Buck" Jourdain talks about the year that's passed
since a horrific school shooting dropped his people into the national
spotlight
http://www.grandforks.com/mld/grandforks/14243790.htm

State of the Tribes address given to Wisconsin Assembly
http://www.indiancountry.com/content.cfm?id=1096412673

American Indian Women's Activism in the 1960s and 1970s
http://www.indybay.org/news/2006/03/1809545.php

Tohono O'odham challenged to prevent immigrant deaths
http://www.indiancountry.com/content.cfm?id=1096412762

Advocates for battered women say Native American women more likely to be
abused than any other racial group
http://www.hometownsource.com/capitol/2006/March/29nativeamericans.html

Monument to celebrate archaeology, heritage
http://www.thespectrum.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20060321/NEWS01/603210312/1002


Attorney general announces new initiatives in Indian country
http://seattlepi.nwsource.com/local/6420AP_WST_Gonzales_Visit.html

Santo Domingo celebrates traditional shell necklaces
http://www.indiancountry.com/content.cfm?id=1096412726

The canyon of many spirits - New Zealand Newspaper
http://www.stuff.co.nz/stuff/0,2106,3603748a2180,00.html

Bandelier celebrates its 90th anniversary
http://www.freenewmexican.com/news/40344.html

Geographic Society plans mega-map - Public is invited to nominate sites
significant to area
http://www.azstarnet.com/allheadlines/118439

Crow Canyon teaches history
http://www.cortezjournal.com/asp-bin/article_generation.asp?article_type=news&article_path=/news/06/news060311_9.htm


Native Cooking
http://www.indiancountry.com/content.cfm?id=1096412687

Former Pechanga members take fight to Supreme Court
http://www.shns.com/shns/g_index2.cfm?action=detail&pk=SCOTUS-TRIBE-03-17-06


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My youngest daughter, Sarah, has had arthritis for many
years. She is only 24. We will both be participating in
the "San Diego 2006 Walk For Arthritis" to raise money
money for the Arthritis Foundation. The Arthritis Foundation
is the only national not-for-profit organization that
supports the more than 100 types of arthritis and related
conditions with advocacy, programs, services and research.
Sarah is trying to raise $500. Literally, if each of you were
to donate only $1, she could raise twice that. If you can afford
to donate $1 (or more), please visit the website below. You
donation is tax-deductable.

https://www.kintera.org/faf/donorReg/donorPledge.asp?ievent=156795&lis=1&kntae156795=502A8EC3FF5040C196756BAFC874AB46&supId=116002317


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If you live in Abilene, Texas, my son Ron is running for city
council. You can read more about it here:

http://www.reporter-news.com/abil/nw_political/article/0,1874,ABIL_7971_4539720,00.html




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Humor & other stories:
-------


From Ruth:

A blonde woman driving down the open road at full speed, gets
pulled over by a blonde woman police officer. The officer asks
for the blonde's drivers license. The blonde fumbles through
her purse, and can't find it. She asks the officer what it
looks like, and the officer says it is square shaped and has
your picture on it. The blonde pulls out her powder compact,
opens it up and hands it to the officer. The blonde officer
looks at it and hands it back saying "oh, you can go, I didn't
realize you were a police officer."



HITS OF THE 60'S
It was fun being a baby boomer ... until now. Some of the
artists of the '60s are revising their hits with new lyrics
to accommodate todays baby boomers. They include:
1. Herman's Hermits--- Mrs. Brown, You've Got a Lovely Walker.
2. The Bee Gees--- How Can You Mend a Broken Hip.
3. Bobby Darin--- Splish, Splash, I Was Havin' a Flash.
4. Ringo Starr--- I Get By With a Little Help From Depends.
5. Roberta Flack--- The First Time Ever I Forgot Your Face.
6. Johnny Nash--- I Can't See Clearly Now.
7. Paul Simon--- Fifty Ways to Lose Your Liver .
8 The Commodores--- Once, Twice, Three Times to the Bathroom.
9. Marvin Gaye--- Heard It Through the Grape Nuts.
10. Procol Harem--- A Whiter Shade of Hair.
11. Leo Sayer--- You Make Me ! Feel Like Napping.
12. The Temptations--- Papa's Got a Kidney Stone.
13. Abba--- Denture Queen.
14. Tony Orlando--- Knock 3 Times On The Ceiling If You Hear Me Fall.
15. Helen Reddy--- I Am Woman, Hear Me Snore
16. Willie Nelson--- On the Commode Again
17. Leslie Gore--- It's My Procedure and I'll Cry If I Want To.

==============

From my niece Marsha:

PURPLE HATS
In honor of women's history month and in memory of Erma Bombeck
who lost her fight with cancer.


IF I HAD MY LIFE TO LIVE OVER - by Erma Bombeck
(written after she found out she was dying from cancer).

I would go to bed when I was sick instead of pretending the
earth would go into a holding pattern if I weren't there for
the day.

I would burn the pink candle sculpted like a rose before it
melted in storage.

I would talk less and listened more.

I would invite friends over to dinner even if the carpet was
stained, or the sofa faded.

I would eat the popcorn in the 'good' living room and worried
much less about the dirt when someone wanted to light a fire
in the fireplace.

I would take the time to listen to my grandfather ramble about
his youth.

I would share more of the responsibility carried by my husband.

I would never insist the car windows be rolled up on a summer
day because my hair had just been teased and sprayed.

I would sit on the lawn and never worry about the grass stains.

I would cry and laugh less while watching television and cry and laugh
more while watching life.

I would never buy anything just because it was practical,
wouldn't show soil, or was guaranteed to last a lifetime.

Instead of wishing away nine months of pregnancy, I would
cherish every moment and realize that the wonderment growing
inside me was the only chance in life to assist God in a miracle.

When my kids kissed me impetuously, I would never say, "Later.
Now go get washed up for dinner." There would be more "I love
you's." More "I'm sorry's."

But mostly, given another shot at life,
! I would seize every minute...look at it and really see it.
Live it and never give it back.
Stop sweating the small stuff.
Don't worry about who doesn't like you,
Don't worry about who has more, or
Don't worry about who's doing what
Instead, let's cherish the relationships we have with those
who do love us. Let's think about what God HAS blessed us with.
And what we are doing each day to promote ourselves mentally,
physically, emotionally. I hope you all have a blessed day.

==============

From Joanna:


Haiku Written by Cats

The food in my bowl Is old,
and more to the point
Contains no tuna.

So you want to play.
Will I claw at dancing string?
Your ankle is closer.

There's no dignity
In being sick - which is why
I don't tell you where.

Seeking solitude
I am locked in the closet.
For once I need you.

Tiny can, dumped in
Plastic bowl. Presentation,
One star; service: none.

Am I in your way?
You seem to have it backwards:
This pillow is taken.

Your mouth is moving;
Up and down, emitting noise.
I've lost interest.

My brain: walnut-sized.
Yours: largest among primates.
Yet, who leaves for work?

Most problems can be
Ignored. The more difficult
Ones can be slept through.

Cats can't steal the breath
Of children. But if my tail's
Pulled again, I'll learn.

I don't mind being
Teased, any more than you mind
A skin graft or two.

So you call this thing
Your "cat carrier." I call
These my "blades of death."

==============


From Andre:

Tribal Fortune Cookies
Q: Do you know what a tribal fortune cookie is?
A: A piece of fry bread with a food stamp stuck in it.

Man-Eating Fry Bread
Q: How are tribal men and fry bread alike?
A: They're both round, brown and greasy.

Ice Fishing
Q: How do tribal people know when it's safe to go ice fishing?
A: When all the white guys quit falling through.

Rich Tribal people
Q: How can you tell a rich tribal person from a poor tribal person?
A: The rich tribal person has two cars up on blocks.

Photography
Q: Why is it so hard to take a group picture of a bunch of tribal
people?
A: Cause when you say "cheese" they all line up.

Good Kissers
Q: Why are Indian guys such good kissers?
A: Because their lips get so much exercise pointing at stuff.


Women's Creation Story
The creator made woman first. She was lonely, didn't have anyone
to boss around or to take her to bingo, so she asked the Creator
for a companion. The Creator obliged her. He cut off part of her
butt and made man. That is why tribal women have flat butts and
tribal men are butt heads.



Q: What's a mile long and four feet high?
A: Hopi Grand Entry

Q: What do you call a Sioux guy out walking his dog?
A: Vegetarian

Q: What do you call a Cheyenne guy with two dogs?
A: Rancher



Q: What do you get when you cross a Chickasaw, a Potawatomi, and a
Paiute?
A: A chickie-pot-pie


Three Indian commandos were out in the Iraqi desert. "I
understand that you Indians have brought your own indigenous
survival equipment" ventured their captain.

"Sir, I have brought an entire barrel cactus" said the Pima guy,
proudly;"When I get too hot, I just cut off the top and take a
drink,"

The captain looked impressed.

Not to be outdone, the Pueblo guy said "Sir, I have brought the
sacred corn pollen. When I get too hot, I pray with it, and then
it rains".

The captain looked even more impressed.

Not to be outdone the Rosebud guy said "I brought a car door
off a 1959 Chevy Impala".

"Why would you do that?" the captain asked.

"Well," said the Rosebud guy; "when I get too hot, I just roll
down the window".



==============

Satirical poster:

Save The Veal
http://www.nunatsiaq.com/news/nunavut/60317_14.html

==============

From my mother:



MAYONNAISE JAR and 2 CUPS OF COFFEE

When things in your life seem almost too much to
handle, when 24 hours in a day is not enough,
remember the mayonnaise jar and 2 cups of coffee.

A professor stood before his philosophy class and had
some items in front of him. When the class began,
wordlessly, he picked up a very large and empty mayonnaise
jar and proceeded to fill it with golf balls.

He then asked the students if the jar was full. They
agreed that it was.

The professor then picked up a box of pebbles and
poured them into the jar. He shook the jar lightly.
The pebbles rolled into the open areas between the
golf balls.

He then asked the students again if the jar was full.
They agreed it was.

Next, the professor picked up a box of sand and poured
it into the jar. Of course, the sand filled up
everything else.

He asked once more if the jar was full. The students
responded with a unanimous "YES."

The professor then produced two cups of coffee from
under the table and poured the entire contents into
the jar, effectively filling the empty space between
the sand.

The students laughed.

"Now," said the professor, as the laughter subsided,
"I want you to recognize that this jar represents your
life. The golf balls are the important things - God,
family, children, health, friends, and favorite
passions -- things that if everything else was lost
and only they remained, your life would still be full.

The pebbles are the other things that matter like your
job, house, and car.

The sand is everything else -- the small stuff.

"If you put the sand into the jar first," he
continued, "there is no room for the
pebbles or the golf balls.

The same goes for life. If you spend all your time and
energy on the small stuff, you will never have room
for the things that are important to you.

So...
Pay attention to the things that are critical to your
happiness.
Play with your children.
Take time to get medical checkups.
Take your partner out to dinner.

There will always be time to clean the house and fix
the disposal. "Take care of the golf balls first --
the things that really matter. Set your priorities.
The rest is just sand."

One of the students raised her hand and inquired what
the coffee represented.
The professor smiled. "I'm glad you asked.

It just goes to show you that no matter how full your
life may seem, there's always room for a couple of
cups of coffee with a friend."

==============

From Ed Clark:


"Why God made Moms" answers given by 2nd grade school children
to the following questions.

Why did God make mothers?
1. She's the only one who knows where the scotch tape is.
2. Mostly to clean the house.
3. To help us out of there when we were getting born.

How did God make mothers?
1. He used dirt, just like for the rest of us.
2. Magic plus super powers and a lot of stirring.
3. God made my Mom just the same like he made me. He Just used
bigger parts.

What ingredients are mothers made of?
1. God makes mothers out of clouds and angel hair and everything
nice in the world and one dab of mean.
2. They had to get their start from men's bones. Then they mostly
use string, I think.

Why did God give you your mother and not some other mom?
1. We're related.
2. God knew she likes me a lot more than other people's moms like me.

What kind of little girl was your mom?
1. My mom has always been my mom and none of that other stuff.
2. I don't know because I wasn't there, but my guess would be
pretty bossy.
3. They say she used to be nice.

What did mom need to know about dad before she married him?
1. His last name.
2. She had to know his background. Like is he a crook? Does he
get drunk on beer?
3. Does he make at least $800 a year? Did he say NO to drugs
and YES to chores?

Why did your Mom marry your dad?
1. My dad makes the best spaghetti in the world. And my Mom
eats a lot.
2. She got too old to do anything else with him.
3. My grandma says that Mom didn't have her thinking cap on.

Who's the boss at your house?
1. Mom doesn't want to be boss, but she has to because dad's
such a goof ball.
2. Mom. You can tell by room inspection. She sees the stuff
under the bed.
3. I guess Mom is, but only because she has a lot more to do
than dad.

What's the difference between moms and dads?
1. Moms work at work and work at home, & dads just go to work
at work.
2. Moms know how to talk to teachers without scaring them.
3. Dads are taller & stronger, but moms have all the real power
'cause that's who you got to ask if you want to sleep over at
your friend's. Moms have magic, they make you feel better
without medicine.

What does your Mom do in her spare time?
1. Mothers don't do spare time.
2. To hear her tell it, she pays bills all day long.

What would it take to make your Mom perfect?
1. On the inside she's already perfect. Outside, I think some
kind of plastic surgery.
2. Diet. You know, her hair. I'd diet, maybe blue.

If you could change one thing about your Mom, what would it
be?
1 She has this weird thing about me keeping my room clean. I'd
get rid of that.
2. I'd make my Mom smarter. Then she would know it was my sister
who did it and not me.
3. I would like for her to get rid of those invisible eyes on her
back of her head.


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Random historical events for April:


April 1: 1880: Captain Eli Huggins, and Troop E, Second Cavalry,
from Fort Keogh, in east-central Montana, surprise a band of
"hostile" Sioux. During a brief battle, the soldiers capture
five Indians, forty-six horses, and some weapons. Lieutenant
John Coale, and Troop C, Second Cavalry, from Fort Custer, in
south-central Montana, has a skirmish with Sioux on O'Fallon's
Creek. One soldier is killed in the fighting. According to
Army reports, some of these Indians are believed to have been
involved in the theft of Crow Indian scout horses, from Fort
Custer, on March 24, 1880. For his part in cutting off the
Indians' herd of ponies through the use of "fearless exposure
and dashing bravery," Second Lieutenant Lloyd M. Brett is
awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor. Captain Huggins
will also be awarded the Medal of Honor for his actions in
the fighting.

April 2: 1781: Established on the heights above the Cumberland
River, Fort Nashborough served as a central point of defense
for the settlers in the area which eventually becomes Nashville,
Tennessee. The fort is the scene of almost continuous sniping
by local Indians over a twenty-year period. A Cherokee war
party attempts to capture the fort. Using a few exposed warriors
as bait, they lure twenty woodsmen out of the fort. The main
body attacks the Europeans, killing five. The fort lets loose
a pack of hunting dogs which attack the Cherokees. The surviving
woodsmen make their escape while the Cherokees fight off the
dogs. This attack is the last serious attack on the fort by
the Cherokees.

April 3: 1975: Gerald Tailfeathers, a Blood from Alberta,
Canada is an accomplished artist. He dies on the Blood Reserve.

April 4: 1840: Comanche Chief Piava arranges an exchange of
two prisoners with the residents of San Antonio, Texas. Two
captives from each side are released.

April 5: 1879: Having been cast out of Little Wolf's Band of
Cheyenne for killing two of their fellow Northern Cheyenne, a
group of eight Indians are moving on their own. They attack a Sergeant,
and a Private, of the Second Cavalry, on Mizpah Creek.
The Sergeant is seriously wounded, and the Private is killed.

April 6: 572: Maya King Kan B'alam I (Great Sun Snake Jaguar)
takes the throne in Palenque, Mexico

April 7: 1864: Colonel John Chivington, Commander of the District
of Colorado, reports to his supervisor, Major General Samuel
Curtis, that Cheyennes have stolen 175 cattle from a ranch on
the Smokey Hill stage coach route. An investigation, conducted
much later shows no proof the Indians are involved in any such activity.

April 8: 1756: Governor Robert Morris declares war on the
Delaware and Shawnee Indians. As a part of his declaration,
he offers the following cash bounties: prisoners: men over
twelve = 150 Spanish pieces of eight, women or boys = 130;
scalps: men = 130, women and boys = 50. The bounty on scalps
leads to the killing of many innocent Indians who are members
of neither tribe. The legislation for this is called "The Scalp
Act." Some sources list this happening on April 14th

April 9: 1830: After some "politicking," Greenwood le Flore
is elected as Chief of the Choctaw Nation, during a "rump"
council. Previously, there were three regional Chiefs. Le Flore
is in favor of selling the Choctaw lands, and moving to Indian Territory
(present day Oklahoma). Some sources state this
happens on March 16th.

April 10: 1837: As part of the treaty signed on March 6th,
the Seminoles are to report to Tampa Bay no later than today
for transport to the Indian Territory (present day Oklahoma).
Prior to today, General Jesup reneged on one of the provisions
of the treaty. He allowed whites to come among the Indians to
seek out blacks whom they claimed as runaway slaves. This
makes the Seminoles doubt if the United States will live up
to this agreement. Many of the Seminoles disappear into the
woods.

April 11: 1873: Captain Jack and several of his warriors
arrive at the peace conference site between the lava beds and
the soldier's camp in northen California. The army is composed
of soldiers from the First Cavalry, Twelfth & Twenty-First
Infantry, Fourth Artillery and some Indian scouts . A little
before noon, General Canby, who convinced Manuelito and his
Apache followers to sign a peace treaty, and his peace
commissioners arrive at the meeting place. Canby says he wants
to help the Modocs find good land for a reservation. Captain
Jack tells him he wants land near the lava beds and Tule Lake.
Captain Jack repeated his request for the soldiers to be
removed before they continue their talks. Angry words are
then passed between Schonchin John, Hooker Jim and commissioner
Alfred Meacham. General Canby says that only the "Great Father
in Washington" can order the soldiers to leave. Captain Jack,
again, repeats his demands to be given lands nearby, and to
do it today. Meacham tells Canby to promise him the land.
Captain Jack suddenly jumps up, points his pistol at Canby
and fires, mortally wounding Canby. Boston Charley shoots,
and kills, commissioner Reverend Eleazar Thomas. The other commissioners
escape. Six soldiers are also killed. Two
officers, thirteen soldiers and two civilians are wounded
during the fighting which lasts until April 26th.

April 12: 1676: As a part of King Philip's War, 500 Indians
attack Sudbury, Massachusetts. Most of the settlers escape
into fortified structures. The Indians burn many of the
outlying buildings. Hearing of the attack, three relief
forces consisting of a total of approximately 100 men from
Concord, Watertown, and Marlborough, converge on the
settlement. In one battle, the Indians start grass fires to
strike at the Europeans. At least, thirty whites are killed
in the fighting, and much of the town is destroyed before
the Indians withdraw.

April 13: 1940: The Assistant Secretary of the Interior
approves an election for amendments to the Constitution of
the Tuolumne Band of Me-Wok Indians of the Tuolumne Rancheria;
the Kashia Band of Pomo Indians of the Stewarts Point
Rancheria; AND, the Tule River Indian Tribe.

April 14: 1665: A deed for Indian land is registered in New
England. It says, "articles of agreement, and a firme bargaine
agreed and confirmed between the Sachem of Setaucet, Warawakmy
by name."

April 15: 1715: Many European settlers have moved onto Yamassee
lands without permission. The Yamassee have also been cheated
by many traders. The British authorities have ignored almost
all of the Yamassees complaints. Yamassee Indians attack
settlements near the southeastern Georgia-South Carolina
boundary. Several hundred settlers are killed. Among the dead
are Indian Agent Thomas Naire and trader William Bray who has
been engaged in a conference at the Indian village of Pocotaligo.
Bray had settled, without permission, on Yamassee lands and established
a trading post. After amassing debts, which they
can not pay, Bray suggested the Yamassee pay their debts by
giving him slaves from other Indian tribes. This slave trade,
and Bray's habit of capturing Indians and selling them as
slaves, is a significant factor in the war.

April 16: 1519: According to some sources, after landing on
the Mexican mainland, Hernan Cortez's and his army start
their travels toward Tenochtitlan (modern Mexico City).

April 17: 1528: Panfilo de Narvaez begins his exploration of
Florida by coming ashore near Tampa Bay. He visits an Indian
house which is big enough to hold 300 people, in his opinion.
He also finds a "rattle" made of gold in the abandoned house.
The discovery of gold spurs Narvaez onward across Florida.

April 18: 1879: After the Custer disaster, the U.S. government
decides to punish the plains Indians. While the Poncas have no
part in the Custer battle, the have erroneously been placed in
a reservation with the Sioux. When it is decided to force the
Sioux to go to Indian Territory (present day Oklahoma), the
Poncas are ordered to go as well. Many Poncas start to walk
back to their old reservation from Indian Territory. Eventually, General
George Crook sympathizes with the Poncas and one of
their Chiefs, Standing Bear. Seeking public support to avoid
being ordered to send Standing Bear back to Indian Territory,
General Crook contacts the press about the Poncas' plight.
Many editorials are written in support of the Poncas, and
several lawyers volunteer their services for free. Judge
Elmer Dundy, with Crook's blessing, issues a writ of habeas
corpus to the General to produce the Poncas and show why he
is holding them. A U.S. District Attorney argues that the
Poncas can not be served a writ because they have no legal
standing, or are not recognized as people, under the law.
On this date the tribe begins to determine if Indians, and particularly
Standing Bear, are people under U.S. laws and
can enjoy constitutional rights and privileges. The judge
eventually rules Standing Bear is indeed a person and can
not be ordered to a reservation against his will. While
this decision seems to prevent keeping any Indians on any
particular reservation against their will, the eventual
course of the U.S. Government is to say the ruling applied
only to Standing Bear, and to no one else.

April 19: 1735: A force of eighty French and over 200 Indian
warriors start a four day attack on a Sauk and Fox village
on the Mississippi River near the Des Moines River. The
expedition led by Captain Nicolas de Noyelles, is not prepared
for siege warfare and they abandon the attack.

April 20: 1865: As a part of the investigation into the Sand
Creek massacre (November 29, 1864) , Lt. James Olney appears
before the commission at Fort Lyon, Colorado. He testifies he witnessed
a specific incident of brutality. "Three squaws and
five children, prisoners in charge of some soldiers; that,
while they were being conducted along, they were approached
by Lieutenant Harry Richmond, of the third Colorado cavalry;
that Lieutenant Richmond thereupon immediately killed and
scalped the three women and the five children while they
(prisoners) were screaming for mercy; while the soldiers in
whose charge the prisoners were shrank back, apparently
aghast."

April 21: 1869: Donehogawa (Ely Samuel Parker) is the first
Indian appointed to be Commissioner of Indian Affairs. Donehogawa,
a Seneca Iroquois, is trained as a lawyer and a civil engineer.
Unable to find work in the white world, Donehogawa contacts his
old friend Ulysses Grant. Grant makes him an aide, and they
work together through much of the Civil War. Because of his
excellent penmanship, Donehogawa draws up the surrender papers
for Lee to sign at Appomattox. Promoted to Brigadier General,
Ely Parker worked to settle many conflicts between whites and
Indians. After Grant becomes President, he is appointed as
Indian Commissioner on this date.

April 22: 1877: Two Moons, Hump, and 300 other Indians surrender
to Colonel Nelson Miles. Most of the rest of Crazy Horse's
followers surrender on May 6, 1877 at the Red Cloud, and Spotted
Tail agencies.

April 23: 906: Uxmal is a Maya ruin in the Yucatan peninsula of Mexico.
A dedication ceremony is held for one of the buildings, according to an
inscription in the building.

Visit my website with pictures of Uxmal at:
http://americanindian.net/mayac.html


April 24: 1885: The Fish Creek fight takes place between
Canadian forces under Major General Frederick Dobson Middleton
and 150 Metis under Gabriel Dumont. This is one of the more significant
fights of the "Riel Rebellion."

April 25: 1541: Coronado leaves Alcanfor en route to Quivira.
While in Quivira, Coronado killed many of the inhabitants of
Tiguex Pueblo.

April 26: 1872: Captain Charles Meinhold, and Troop B, Third
Cavalry, encounter an Indian war party on the South Fork of
the "Loup" River, Nebraska. A fight ensues, in which, three
Indians are killed. Scout William F. "Buffalo Bill" Cody,
Sergeant John H. Foley, Privates William Strayer and Leroy
Vokes will be given the Congressional Medal of Honor for
"gallantry in action" during this engagement.

April 27: 1877: General George Crook contacts Red Cloud with
a message for Crazy Horse. Crook promises that if Crazy Horse
surrenders, he will get a reservation in the Powder River area.
On this date, Red Cloud delivers the message to Crazy Horse.
Crazy Horse agrees and heads to Fort Robinson, in northwestern Nebraska,
where he surrenders to the U.S. Army.

April 28: 1882: The Mi'kmaq Membertou First Nation reserve of
Caribou Marsh is established in Nova Scotia.

April 29: 1700: Pierre le Moyne d'Iberville visits a Pascagoula
Indian village, one day's walk from the French post at Biloxi.
The Pascagoulas have been hit hard by disease brought by the Europeans.
D'Iberville is impressed by the beauty of the
Pascagoula women.

April 30: 1598: Don Juan de Ornate claims all lands in modern
New Mexico, including those of the resident Pueblos, for Spain.
The event known as "La Toma" takes place near San Elizario.



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That's it for now.

Have a great month.

Phil Konstantin
http://americanindian.net


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Start of Phil Konstantin's April 2006 Newsletter - Part 2
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Greetings,

Here are a few items for the middle of the month. Just a
reminder, April 15th is the deadline for my 2006 American
Indian student essay contest. You can get all of the
details at:
http://americanindian.net/contest.html

Phil

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One of the names you see listed here on a regular basis is
Joseph RedCloud. Joe is the administrative assistant to the
Oglala Sioux Tribe's Vice President. While we have never met
in person, we have traded electrons on the internet for some
time. Last Tuesday, Joe received some life-threatening injuries
in Chadron, Nebraska. According to the latest reports,
authorities are still not sure what happened. According to
friends of Joe's, doctors say he had a sever injury to the
back of his head which was indicative of a strong blow. Joe
has no memory of the events leading to his injury, as of
the last update I have received.

He has spent almost all of this time in the hospital. We
send him all of our best wishes and prayers for a swift,
and complete, recovery.

This letter to his friends from one of his friends was
dated April 7:



Everyone,

Late night a group of us friends went and visited Joe. He
had just been moved out of ICU and taken off a liquid diet
and his mother was there with him as well. Other than his
very matted hair, the half inch of stitches above his lip
and the cervical collar -- he looked and sounded good.
He has a laceration at the base of his skull in a "Y" shape
that bled profusely -- even by the standards of the EMT
guys who transported him to the hospital. By my calculation
he has no recollection of about five hours prior to the
"incident" and everything beyond that until he woke up in
the Rapid City ICU. There have been rampant rumors here
in town about what happened to Joe -- ranging from a brutal
attack to a mere fall and the police are working to sort
it all out. The details are very sketchy and no time line
of events has been firmly established with all the
conflicting reports and gossip so I won't even try to give
any more detail at this point. I am hopeful the local
police will hand the investigation off to an outside entity
with more expertise and resources at their disposal. An
answer must be found.

According to Joe, the doctor in Rapid told him that his
injuries were consistent with that of a blow from something
like a bat and were not consistent with that of a fall.
The police tried to question Joe yesterday but made the
fatal mistake of not clearing it through his mom first and
were turned away. She is doing a good job of making sure
he is well cared for! I'm sure the police will try again
once Joe is up to answering their questions.

Joe's big priority right now is getting the cervical collar
off and checking himself out of the hospital by Saturday.
He's anxious to get home and find out what happened. He's
as stubborn and bull-headed as ever (which I was relieved
to see) so I'm confident he is on his way to a full recovery.
Evidently, they took x-rays of his cervical area but no
one has read them yet and until they do they will not allow
the collar to come off. I'm hoping the doctors will
convince him to stay put a bit longer as I feel the only
way we are ever going to get to the bottom of this is if
Joe can remember more details. He has a splitting headache
and they won't allow him to have the Excedrin he feels
will help because it is a blood thinner -- he's not a happy
camper about that at all!

More people from Chadron will be going back and forth to
make sure Joe has everything he needs. We made sure he was
well stocked with food from three of his favorite fast-food restaurants
and well as some non-nutritious snacks and
candy before we left. We figured his system has already
been through enough of a shock without adding healthy
hospital food to it! For those of you who might be thinking
of sending him a care package PLEASE be mindful that Joe
is allergic to nuts. He's been through enough of late.

If you want to send him a card the address is:

Joe Red Cloud Room 632
Rapid City Regional Hospital
353 Fairmont
Rapid City, SD 57701



Here is a link to a very brief article in the local newspaper.
http://www.chadrad.com/newsstory.cfm?story=3625

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Notices:
(These are posted for your information. I cannot personally
vouch for any of these groups or activities.)
========


Call for Presentations for NCAI Mid-Year Session

The National Congress of American Indians (NCAI) Policy
Research Center invites scholars and organizations conducting
research with practical implications for tribal communities
to submit a proposal to make a presentation at the June 2006
NCAI Mid-Year Session in Sault Ste. Marie, MI. For more
information on meeting dates and location, see www.ncai.org.

This exciting opportunity allows researchers to share their
work broadly throughout Native America, especially targeting
tribal policymakers. It also offers dialogue between tribal
representatives and researchers and provides an opportunity
for feedback to researchers about the implications, impact,
and potential next steps of their work.

General Assembly presentations will be made to tribal leaders,
tribal program directors, and intertribal organization
directors and staff from across the country. Up to twelve
(12) selected presenters will give 15- minute presentations
(with Power Point slides), share an abstract of their work
(no more than 5 pages), and participate in an afternoon
breakout session where dialogue about their work will occur.
Both the General Assembly session and concurrent breakout
sessions will occur on Tuesday, June 20th. Breakout
sessions (approximately 2 ˝ hours long) will feature
presenters on similar topic areas and offer an opportunity
for scholars and tribal representatives to engage one
another on the research questions, methods, and findings.
Presenters whose proposals are accepted must participate in
both the General Assembly and breakout sessions.

Both completed and on-going research (with preliminary
findings) will be considered. Scholars (both Native and
non-Native), institutions, and tribal organizations from
all disciplines and fields are encouraged to apply.

To apply, please submit a presentation proposal (no more
than three pages total) that includes the following
information:

· Presentation title

· Presenter's name, affiliation(s), and contact information

· Other contributors' names and affiliations

· The topic area of the research

· A one-page summary of findings (which may be preliminary)

· Practical implications of the research for tribal communities

· A description of the research's policy or practice relevance

All materials should be submitted to Sarah Hicks, Director,
NCAI Policy Research Center via email at shi-@wustl.edu
by Friday, May 5, 2006. No mailed copies or faxes please.
The 12 proposals accepted for presentation at the NCAI
Mid-Year Session will be announced by May 19, 2006 on
NCAI's website. No travel scholarships are available, but
all presenters will receive a small non-monetary gift and
a certificate for their presentation. For questions, you
may leave a message for Sarah Hicks at (314) 602-6630 or
email at shi-@wustl.edu.

============

Subject: Project: Moccasins seeks out beaders

Sherry n8tivesinthem-@nativeweb.net

Project: Moccasins is seeking out beaders for our project.

Project: Moccasins send out a pair of moccasins to our native
men & women who are serving in harms way.

They will provide the needed material just need those who can
bead moccasins :)

Hit me back if you would like more information.

Anyone who knows of a native american stationed overseas
please let me know so a pair can be sent to them.

Thank you~

Sherry
Creek & Cherokee
Founder of Support our Native Troops Overseas with
Letters & Care Packages
www.aicco.org/troops.asp

Associate Member of Project: Moccasins

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Native American Journalism Career Conference

The 7th annual Native American Journalism Career Conference
"the largest Native student journalism program in the nation"
is schedule for April 18-20 at Crazy Horse Memorial in the
Black Hills of South Dakota.

More than 600 high school and college students have attended
past conferences at Crazy Horse Memorial. (Read about the
2005 conference.)

Native students will be introduced to the basic skills and
practices of journalism by about 25 experienced journalists
from around the country, many of them Native American.

Teachers and advisers interested in organizing student
groups to attend the conference must register in advance
by contacting Janine Harris at 605-677-5424 or jhar-@freedomforum.org.
Write to Janine Harris at the
Al Neuharth Media Center, 555 Dakota St., Vermillion, S.D.
57069. The registration deadline is April 1, 2006.

Lodging, meals and conference participation are free to
students and their teachers.

South Dakota native Al Neuharth, founder of USA TODAY
and the Freedom Forum, will be the opening speaker the
evening of April 18.

"Native Americans are the most underrepresented group in
newspaper newsrooms. We are working to change that by
inviting Native students to consider journalism careers,"ť
said Jack Marsh, executive director of the Freedom Forum's
Al Neuharth Media Center, one of the conference sponsors.
"Improving employment diversity is a priority of the
Freedom Forum. News coverage will be fairer and richer
with the addition of these new voices."ť

The conference is funded by the Freedom Forum and co-
sponsored by the South Dakota Newspaper Association,
the Crazy Horse Memorial Foundation, Native American
Journalists Association and the journalism programs at
South Dakota State University and the University of
South Dakota.

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From Susie,

I have a favor to ask, please we need prayers, in this
area of Ky. there are many people well most all the people
are of Indian blood, but like me, were not allow to learn
of that side of the family, not that anyone was ashame of
being indian, but to protect us, we have grown up times
have changed, there is to be a Powwow in this area giving
the people a chance to lean a little, but singers and drum
are needed, PLEASE! if we cross your mind as the creator
to send what we need, giving this small area a chance to
attend and be a part of it all to see and hear, talk and
learn, there is no charge to the public to enter at the
gate, no charge to venders to set up and sell, no charge
to campers, and we hope there will be trade blankets,
Thank you!

The first weekend in May, here in [Brownsville ky,
fairgrounds] we are located in the Mammoth Cave area near
Bowling Green, Kentucky

pinecone_40231 @ yahoo . com

Susie

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News articles:

Caught in 'Road's' comic whirlwind; Native American stereotypes
take a licking in Arigon Starr's lively one-woman show.
http://www.kumeyaay.com/news/news_detail.html?id=3738



National monument's oldest artifact goes on display
http://www.sltrib.com/ci_3673651?source=rss

Congratulations to the Mashpee Wampanoag
http://www.indiancountry.com/content.cfm?id=1096412781

Language restoration a top priority at Mashantucket conference
http://www.kumeyaay.com/news/news_detail.html?id=3742

Huge 1,500-year-old pyramid discovered in Mexico
http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2006/04/0406_060406_pyramid.html

Tomb raiders loot U.S. sites, sell goods on eBay
http://www.startribune.com/484/story/355442.html

On Mesa Verde's hundredth birthday, there's still a lot of
dirt behind the region's greatest archaeological mystery
http://www.csindy.com/csindy/2006-04-06/cover.html

Indian Health Service says meth use is at crisis level on
reservations
http://www.kxlf.com/Global/story.asp?s=4735686

Sovereignty Matters
http://www.kumeyaay.com/news/news_detail.html?id=3740

NATIVE AMERICANS URGED TO RALLY IN WASHINGTON FOR TRUST CASE
http://www.indiantrust.com/index.cfm?FuseAction=PressReleases.ViewDetail&PressRelease_id=158&Month=4&Year=2006


Puebloan artifacts have home
http://www.cortezjournal.com/asp-bin/article_generation.asp?article_type=news&article_path=/news/06/news060401_22.htm


Local artists capture beauty of ancient ruins
http://www.lcsun-news.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20060402/FEATURES/604020301/1009/FEATURES


Understanding the nature of tribal government
http://www.rlnn.com/ArtMar06/UnderstandingNatureTribalGovernment.html

A blog titled: Ms. Fire Thunder and the Oglala Sioux Planned Parenthood
http://kathrynt.livejournal.com/366823.html
(based on this article: http://www.indianz.com/News/2006/013061.asp )

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That's it for now.

Have a great month.

Phil Konstantin
http://americanindian.net


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End of Phil Konstantin's April 2006 Newsletter - Part 2
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