. . . . ============================================================ Start of Phil Konstantin’s April 2005 Newsletter – Part 1 ============================================================ Greetings, I have been very busy the last couple of weeks trying to put things together for Drowsy Driver Awareness Day in California on April 6th. My wife died when she fell asleep behind the wheel on April 6, 1999. I have been trying to educate the public about the dangers of driving while drowsy, sleepy or fatigued. One of these efforts was to have the anniversary of my wife's death be declared "Drowsy Driver Awareness Day." On March 10th, the California Senate passed the resolution I wrote. Today, the California Assembly also passed it. It will be come law in a few days. You can read more about the resolution on the link below to my "Link of the Month." I have also been working with the California Highway Patrol to produce some educational material about drowsy driving. You can find a photo of the brochure on these pages: http://americanindian.net/DDADCHPE.html -- English http://americanindian.net/DDADCHPS.html -- Spanish On the 6th, I will be holding a press conference with the CHP in San Diego. We will discuss some of the warning signs and how to prevent drowsy driving. ------- My final working day as an officer with the California Highway Patrol will be the last day of this month. I have had to fill out tons of forms to set up my retirement. I am still looking for a job here in San Diego. I have not had any good offers, yet. If you know of any exciting jobs out there, let me know.... So, as you can imagine, I have been pretty busy lately. ------------ I was very saddened to hear about the shooting on the Red Lake reservation. We had a similar situation here in San Diego a few years ago. I can imagine how much of a tragedy this is for the folks up there. I send out my deepest sumpathies to all of the involved people. =========================== X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X =========================== Featured Link of the Month for April 2005 The "Link of the Month" for April is a bit different. April 6th is being declared "Drowsy Driver Awareness Day" in California. I created this website to address some of the issues related to this matter. Please visit this page if you would like to know more about the dangers of driving while drowsy, sleepy or fatigued; learn what some of the warning signs are; how to avoid the problem; see long lists of statistics related to drowsy driving; and photos and brochures. http://drowsydriverawarenessday.com =========================== X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X =========================== Treaty of the Month: TREATY WITH THE CHIPPEWA—RED LAKE AND PEMBINA BANDS, 1864. Apr. 12, 1864. | 13 Stat., 689. | Ratified Apr. 21, 1864. | Proclaimed Apr. 25, 1864. You can see a transcript of it at: http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/chi0861.htm =========================== X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X =========================== My American Indian Student Essay contest is ongoing. Please let all of the students you know about the contest. To see all of the details, please go to my website at: http://americanindian.net/contest.html =========================== X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X =========================== Here are some random historical events: April 1, 1621: Massasoit, Quadequina, Samoset (a Pemaquid), Squanto, and sixty warriors visit the Plymouth colony with great ceremony. They freely give lands to the pilgrims. According to some calendars, this happens on March 22nd or April 2nd. April 2, 1873: Captain Jack, and several of his Modoc warriors and women, meet with several of the peace commissioners about halfway between the soldier's and Jack's camps in northern California. After the meeting on March 21, instead of moving the soldiers away, Canby brings in reinforcements. Captain Jack questions Canby on this action. Canby says the soldiers make him feel safer during councils with the Modocs. Captain Jack asks for them to go away. They discuss the matter of the Hooker Jim killing of the white settlers. A sudden rain storm interrupts the meeting, and both parties leave without resolving any of the issues. April 3, 686: Maya King Yuknoom Yich'aak K'ak' (Jaguar Paw Smoke) takes the throne of Calukmal. April 4, 1805: Lewis and Clark send many objects they have collected so far, including Indian goods, to President Jefferson. April 5, 1800: William Augustus Bowles, the self-proclaimed "Director General and Commander-In-Chief of the Muskogee Nation,” declares war on Spain. Some sources state this occurs on May 5, 1800. April 6, 1854: Fort Phantom Hill, north of Abilene, Texas, is abandoned. The fort is often visited by the local Comanches, Lipan-Apaches, Kiowas and Kickapoos. April 7, 1781: General Daniel Broadhead, and 300 troops, attack a peaceful Delaware village at Coshocton, Ohio. The town is burned to the ground. After the fighting, the soldiers murder fifteen prisoners, earning the Delaware's wrath. April 8, 1880: Colonel Edward Hatch, with 400 Ninth Cavalry, sixty Infantry, and seventy-five Indian scouts, attacks Victorio's fortified camp in Hembrillo Canyon, the San Andreas Mountains of New Mexico. According to the Army report, Victorio's force included Warm Springs Apaches, Mescaleros, and Comanches. Three Indians are killed in the fighting. Captain Henry Carroll, Ninth Cavalry, and seven other soldiers, are wounded. Twenty-five of the soldiers' horses and mules are killed. April 9, 1682: The expedition of French and Indians under la Salle reaches the mouth of the Mississippi River, based on his expedition along the Mississippi from its juncture with the Illinois River, la Salle claims the Mississippi valley, and what becomes Louisiana, for the French. April 10, 1758: As of today's date, British General John Forbes reports he has gathered 500 Indians at his fort, in present day Bedford, in southwestern Pennsylvania. He hopes to make use of the Indians in his maneuvers against the French, however, delays caused many of the Indians to leave. April 11, 1862: Twenty members of the Alabama-Coushatta tribe enlist in the Confederate Army. One of them, John Scott, eventually becomes Chief of the tribe. April 12, 1676: As a part of King Philip's War, 500 Indians attack Sudbury, Massachusetts. Most of the settlers escape into fortified structures. The Indians burn many of the outlying buildings. Hearing of the attack, three relief forces consisting of a total of approximately 100 men from Concord, Watertown, and Marlborough, converge on the settlement. In one battle, the Indians start grass fires to strike at the Europeans. At least, thirty whites are killed in the fighting, and much of the town is destroyed before the Indians withdraw. April 13, 1851: As a part of the “Mariposa Indian Wars” in California, California soldiers attack a Chowchilla Indian village. While much of the village is destroyed, most of the Indians escape. April 14, 1524: Spaniards under Pedro de Alvarado are welcomed as they enter the Cakchiquel (Kaqchikel) Maya town of Iximche’, Guatemala. April 15, 1715: Many European settlers have moved onto Yamassee lands without permission. The Yamassee have also been cheated by many traders. The British authorities have ignored almost all of the Yamassees complaints. Yamassee Indians attack settlements near the southeastern Georgia-South Carolina boundary. Several hundred settlers are killed. Among the dead are Indian Agent Thomas Naire and trader William Bray who has been engaged in a conference at the Indian village of Pocotaligo. Bray had settled, without permission, on Yamassee lands and established a trading post. After amassing debts, which they can not pay, Bray suggested the Yamassee pay their debts by giving him slaves from other Indian tribes. This slave trade, and Bray's habit of capturing Indians and selling them as slaves, is a significant factor in the war. April 16, 1519: According to some sources, after landing on the Mexican mainland, Hernán Cortés and his army start their travels toward Tenochtitlán (modern Mexico City). April 17, 1868: According to army records, members of the Twenty-Third Infantry fight with a band of Indians at Camp Three Forks near the Owyhee River in Oregon. Five Indians are reported killed, and three are captured. April 18, 1754: With a force of 1,000 French and Indians, Captain Contrecoeur demands the surrender of Fort Trent on the Ohio River. The unfinished fort is defended by forty militia, and they promptly surrender. This is one of the first actions of the "French and Indian War." The French complete the fort and name it Fort Dusquesne. It is later called Fort Pitt. Some sources say this happens on April 16th. April 19, 1786: Near Louisville, Kentucky, the Chickamaugas have been attacking the local settlements. Militia Colonel William Christian, with twenty men, cross the Ohio river to find the Indian warriors. They come across a war party led by Chief Black Wolf. During the fighting, both Black Wolf and Christian are killed. April 20, 1519: Shortly after arriving in Mexico, Hernán Cortés meets with a representative of Montezuma, in the Yucatan. The representative, Teudile, delivers Montezuma’s best wishes and some gifts. Cortés says he represents the ruler of most of the world (the King of Spain). He demonstrates the might of his soldiers. Teudile is impressed by the power of the conquistadors. Some sources say this happened on April 19th. April 21, 1864: Based on the Congressional Act of April 8, 1864, Austin Wiley, Superintendent of Indian Affairs for the state of California, proclaims the proposed establishment of the Hoopa Valley reserve, on the Trinity River. Located in Klamath County, California, settlers are advised not to make further improvements to their properties, or to move into the area. This proposal requires Presidential approval. April 22, 1847: Punnubbee, and 342 Choctaws from six towns in Mississippi, arrive at Fort Towson, in southeastern Indian Territory (present day Oklahoma). April 23, 906: Uxmal is a Maya ruin in the Yucatan peninsula of Mexico. A dedication ceremony is held for one of the buildings, according to an inscription in the building. April 24, 1885: The Fish Creek fight takes place between Canadian forces under Major General Frederick Dobson Middleton and 150 Metis under Gabriel Dumont. This is one of the more significant fights of the “Riel Rebellion.” April 25, 1890: Blackfeet Chief Isapo-Muxika (Crowfoot) dies on a reserve near Gleichen, Alberta, Canada. He is one of the signers of Treaty 7. April 26, 1778: Last month, Captain James Cook anchored his two ships, the H.M.S. Discovery and the H.M.S. Resolution, in Nootka Sound. He has worked on the ships and traded with the Nootka since then. Today, he leaves the area of British Columbia. April 27, 1774: Still trying to instigate a war with local Indians in Kentucky, with hopes of seizing their lands as spoils of war, Michael Cresap, and some followers, attack a party of peaceful Shawnees returning home from a conference at Fort Pitt. They "frontiersmen" kill several of the Indians. This is one of the fights which eventually leads to what is commonly called "Dunmore's War." This series of battles is occasionally called "Cresap's War." April 28, 1659: The Quinebaug Indians live in Connecticut. Chiefs Allumps, Ma-Shan-Shawitt and Aguntus, sell their lands in the area around modern Plainfield and Canterbury. There is a provision in the deed to allow the tribe the privilege of "hunting, fishing and convenient planting" forever. April 29, 1842: After losing most of their provisions during a fight near Lake Ahapopka, Florida, ten days ago, Mikasuki Seminole Chief Hallack Tustenuggee, and his followers are starving. Hallack comes to the camp of Colonel William Worth for talks. Worth offers food and alcohol to any Seminoles who come into the camp. Many of the Seminoles come into the camp. At a signal, soldiers capture forty-three warriors and seventy-one women and children. The Seminoles are force to leave Florida for Oklahoma. April 30, 1598: Don Juan de Oñate claims all lands in modern New Mexico, including those of the resident Pueblos, for Spain. The event known as “La Toma” takes place near San Elizario. ============================ X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X ============================ If you plan on doing any online shopping, you might check out the links on my store page. it will cost you the same, and I get a small commission if you get to their website through my link. So much for the hard sell...thanks. ~~|:-) http://americanindian.net/store.html ============================ X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X ============================ That is it for now. I’ll have more later. Stay safe, Phil ========================================================== End of Phil Konstantin’s April 2005 Newsletter – Part 1 ========================================================== . . . . ====================== Greetings, This is just a brief note to let you know that the NASA channel is currently running a program on astronomy done by American indian groups in historical times. The NASA channel (on cable & satellite TV) often repeats their programs, so you might have a couple of chances to see it today. Also, I have only has a very small number of essays submitted for my student contest. This is the last week for entries. If you know someone who was interested, please ask them to get their entry in soon. http://americanindian.net/contest.html Best wishes, Phil ===================================================== . . . . . . . . . . . ============================================================ Start of Phil Konstantin’s April 2005 Newsletter – Part 2 ============================================================ Greetings, Today marks the beginning of my last week as an officer with the California Highway Patrol. May 1 will be my last official day, but April 29th will be the last day I actually put on a uniform. My career with the CHP has spanned almost 20 years. I have experienced a wide variety of things with the CHP. Obviously, I have seen lots of speeders, “drunk” drivers and collisions. I worked as a patrol officer for almost 5 years. During that time, I arrested over 600 people for driving under the influence of alcohol and/or drugs. I received special recognition by Mothers Against Drunk Drivers for my activities. I received the CHP’s 10851 vehicle theft arrest/recovery award seven times. I was also the prime investigator for several vehicular manslaughter cases. I was even shot at once. For the last 15 years, I have been working as a “spokesperson” for the CHP. As my daughter Sarah likes to say, for the last part of my career, I have been driving a desk. I have appeared in several documentaries, hundreds of TV news programs talking about traffic safety and literally thousands of TV and radio traffic reports. I have written many speeches, press releases, newspaper and magazine articles, and even a “find a word” puzzle on traffic safety. Perhaps the best part of my job is that I have worked with many hard-working, dedicated people. I started at the CHP Academy in August 1985. After graduation, I was transferred to the Santa Fe Springs office in the Los Angeles area. My first day on the job as an officer was New Year’s Eve in L.A. Now that was an experience! After a year and a half, I was finally able to transfer to San Diego in order to be closer to my daughters. I spent most of my time on the road working the overnight, or graveyard, shift. This was my preferred shift. During this time, I decided that I would go back to college to finish up my degree. It wasn’t for work, just for personal satisfaction. I dropped out in 1977 just one class short of being a senior because I was out of money. A change in my shift’s start time required me to miss even more of my evening classes. In August of 1990, I applied for a job in the Public Affairs department so I could keep regular hours and finally finish college (which I did in 1991!). And, there I stayed until today. I have worked with so many great people, and I have lots of good memories. Parting ways with these folks will be the worst part of retiring. This is one of my favorite jokes: How many psychiatrists does it take to change a light bulb? Only one, but the light bulb as to want to change. Like that light bulb, I just wanted a change. I have mentioned in previous newsletters that I had two major options. I could sell my house here in San Diego’s rapidly expanding real estate market. The profits would allow me to pay cash for a nice home somewhere else. I could then afford to live on my pension. The other option was to stay in San Diego and get another job, in order to pay my mortgage. Fortunately, I have found a new job. I will be doing TV traffic reports on KUSI (channel 51/9). I’ll be working the morning news shift. This is not my favorite time to be awake, but the pay is good. It is also only a four hour shift. This will give me more time to work on the many projects which have been piling up on my desk. For example, I REALLY need to update the websites links on my links pages. I am looking forward to this change in my life. I have posted several notices below. You might want to check them out. Phil ============================ X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X ============================ My youngest daughter Sarah has arthritis. Each year she participates in a walk to raise money for Arthritis research. If you would like more information, or make a pledge to help (no amount is too small), please visit this secure website: https://www.kintera.org/faf/donorReg/donorPledge.asp?ievent=99055&supId=76660529 ============================ X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X ============================ Since 1960, the University of Minnesota, Morris, has waived tuition for its American Indian students. This population makes up 7.2 percent of students on the Morris campus; nationally, American Indian students comprise only one percent of undergraduate population. See the story at http://www1.umn.edu/umnnews/Feature_Stories/Dedicated_to_the_Native_American.html?enewsemail ============================ X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X ============================ Online Master's Degree in Community Developmentwith Native American Focus The American Indian Higher Education Consortium (AIHEC) and the North Central Regional Center for Rural Development (NCRCRD), representing An alliance of Midwestern universities, is pleased to announce the Community Development Online Master's Degree Program with an emphasis in Native American communities. The Working with Native Communities specialization track is designed for students working within or in partnership with Native communities. This track helps students understand the unique characteristics of Native communities, culture and governance, which affect community development. This track incorporates a variety of methods for understanding and working in Native communities, including historical analysis, case studies, asset-based approaches, talking circles, narratives, GIS and other mapping techniques, and Appreciative Inquiry. Students will use team learning and cross-cultural comparisons throughout the track. Topics covered in one or more courses include partnerships within Native communities, effective community development strategies within Native communities, and wellness approaches to community economic development. Special topics may include youth, natural resources, and health. The core courses include the principles and strategies of community change, community organizing, community analysis, natural resource management, and economic policy and analysis. Applications for enrollment are now being accepted for the Fall 2005 semester. For more information, see the attached brochure and contact John Phillips, USDA/AIHEC, 202-720-4366, firstname.lastname@example.org, or Susan Fey, NCRCRD, 515-294-6250, email@example.com. ============================ X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X ============================ This e-mail is from Sharon: Hi Phil, l. I love getting the word out about our program, SEA Semester, as you know. (We're accepting applications for this summer's program (TONS of financial aid available) and have launched our NEW website at www.sea.edu . Check it out! On a different note, the Woods Hole Diversity Initative Committee sends me stuff and here's something that may be of interest to your newsletter subscribers: 2005 Minority and Indigenous Fellows Program: http://biotech.newcitymedia.com/programs/minority_fellows_program.html PDF Info is here: http://www.woodsholediversity.org/img/Fellowsapp_PHILA_final.pdf Seesquanakeeswush Wunne ! Happy New Year! Thanks so much! Aquene, Sharon PS Did I mention we have great financial aid available? Sharon Sky Hawk Reidy Enrollment Assistant http://www.sea.edu SEA Semester PO Box 6 Woods Hole, MA 02543 USA 800-552-3633 ============================ X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X ============================ Guest Exhibit from Kumeyaay Indians- JUNE-JULY 2005 Beginning in June, visitors to the San Diego Archaeological Center will be able to view the Jamul Indian Village traveling exhibit "Bringing the Past to Life". The 20-panel display will be installed by the tribal members and be available for viewing through July 2005. In an effort to keep the Kumeyaay culture alive for future generations, the Jamul Indian Village created this portable educational display. This exhibit chronicles the history and present-day accomplishments of the Kumeyaay people. Each panel includes information on topics such as tribal ceremonies, legends, food gathering and art forms, just to name a few. Archaeological collections curated at the San Diego Archaeological Center will be used to complement the learning experience of the viewers. Since October 2000, the Jamul Indian Village has been sharing this well received exhibit with San! Diego area schools, universities, museums and other venues. More than 8,000 students, instructors, and others have already viewed the public friendly display panels. In addition to the historical panels, the tribe has produced an accompanying workbook and CD-ROM. Arrangements have been made for a Jamul tribal member to make a presentation for July's Second Saturday program. If you know a school or organization that would enjoy hosting this display, please call (619) 669-1002 or email ============================ X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X ============================ From Pinecone Basham" Phil anyone who can't make the Gathering of nation Powwow in New Mexico the last of this month can watch it on their computer http://www.gatheringofnations.com. If anyone needs info about the powwow they can go to powwow.com The 22nd Annual Gathering of Nations, Miss Indian World, & Indian Traders Market April 28-30, 2005 in Albuquerque at UNM "the Pit"! ============================ X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X ============================ I received the follow e-mail. If you want to help, please contact them directly: Can you refer me to a website or organization that can give me a list of tribes or individual native Americans who are either healers, shamans or chiefs and who an speak Spanish? I have been asked by some friends in the Sierra Madre mountains to help them make this contact. These are Arawaks from the Sierra Nevada and Sierra Madre mountains in Colombia, SA. They are having a terrible time of it with the guerrillas, multi-national corporations and the government persecuting them for their lands. So one of their goals is to re-esablish contact with their brothers to the north, as in days of old, so they can raise awareness among native tribes about their plight. They also have products that they would like to distribute and would like help with that as well. The person I am touch with is a "Mamo" or medicine man and he belongs to a national congress of indigenous people. Thank you for your prompt response, Phil: your help would be greatly appreciated. Noemi Noemi Santana TANA Communications 407 Hunter Avenue City Island, New York 10464-1332 Mobile: (917) 593-9650 (347) 275-1098 FAX (718) 885-3348 firstname.lastname@example.org ============================ X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X ============================ Indian Country Today Editorial Indian disunity is Indian dysfunction States seize on the lowest common denominator Just what is the New York State Indian leadership waiting for to come together in the common front that is the only way not to lose the present opportunity, as well as the only way to successfully defend inherent rights? Is it waiting for the state to slowly boil it to death or to finally kill it, as per the grand old plan, with "a thousand small cuts?" Is the disunity among the leadership of the various nations so completely dysfunctional that substantial danger is irresponsibly allowed to threaten the future generations? And, especially this round, where oh where are the Mohawk? Usually the most stalwart among those of the fabled Iroquois Confederacy, the Mohawk this round are dancing second-fiddle to the governor's jig. They are not alone but are the most surprising, because they are an established "in-state" tribe not protesting the knife to the throat on taxation issues. Answers to these questions remain to be settled, but the Pied Piper of internecine competition when it comes to the egos of too many Indian leaders, certainly makes it near to impossible to achieve the point of common self-interest. Unity becomes a myth as elusive as the wind. This is a principle that applies to tribes within every state where there resides more than one tribe. Within New York, as within South Dakota, California and many other jurisdictions, the governor's office, municipalities and various non-Indian associations are moving fast to coalesce a movement that could end up so resoundingly slamming the political doors shut that tribes won't know what hit them. The anti-Indian argument works to jiu-jitsu the positions of tribes as true historical victims relative to the mammoth powers of the state and of federal impositions; this is presented in a new image that pictures the tribes as unruly behemoths and paints with victimhood the townships and municipalities adjacent to the tribes. Talk about rewriting history. With those smaller jurisdictions doing the out-front challenging, the state and national politicians can simply follow the trend, which is gaining momentum, to besmirch Indian communities and to make Indians look like "super-citizens." The negative image of the tribes as "super-citizens" emerges always the moment the tribes begin to win their just historical and legal causes and achieve a fuller measure of justice in their own self-determined hands and most often within their own lands. Other sovereignties and cultures surrounding Indian reservation communities often produce substantial hateful overtones in their dealings with Indians. As we have seen from Bishop, California to Central New York, white supremacist thinking blends into and is prone to capitalize on such conflicts. It could not be more plain to the eye, that as Native nation leadership concentrates on scrambling each other's national missions, the big bullies of the block — the states that want to tear up the Indian economies and tribal powers — cut and paste together all manner of scurrilous agreements meant to primarily pillage and overturn the sovereign rights of its in-state tribes. It used to be that Indian leadership worked hard to maintain their focus on principles, but increasingly, the focus has simply turned to casino profits. Within New York, the governor's office dangles carrots in front of Indian eyes, and the sovereign-mindedness required to confidently and competently negotiate with the state begins to erode; the Indian leadership sways and wavers. Every Indian leader operates always with some sense of dread that another tribe will get out in front by accepting degrading terms from the state negotiators without care for the impact of their decision on the collective welfare of their related peoples. The state plays this game to the hilt, although in New York, Gov. Pataki seems to have overstepped his strategy. When negotiations with savvy Native leaders turned sluggish, the impatient New York governor rammed through very objectionable deals over the heads of the tribes within his own state. While some tribes scrambled to settle land claims and are wavering on taxation issues in less than advantageous terms, the U.S. Congress is moving ahead to monkey-wrench the whole basis of most of the state's offerings, with legislation coming to prohibit the kind of reservation-shopping required in the Pataki formula. The point of this missive, for New York and elsewhere, is that there must always be a way for the main offices of tribal leaders to sustain an open conversation and dialogue. Even in those cases where leadership does not like each other, even where they are bitter enemies, they must recognize their many important common objectives relative to the powers of their respective states, and they must develop intertribal protocols for building and sustaining intertribal relations. In New York, even very conservative politicians, such as Alfonse D'Amato, have admonished the Indian leadership for their disunity. If Indians would only come together first, the message goes, the tribes could dictate their own formula to the state. Instead, as Indian leadership markedly avoid common strategies on many important issues, the state cuts and pounces, with scary ability to refine its age old techniques of divide and conquer. And is it not a sign of colonized immaturity that American Indians would rather trust and cut deals with non-Indian governments rather than themselves? Believe it that these currents are lining up. Believe it that the Indian position in support of a separate and sovereign tax base for Indian governments is hardly ever represented in the regular media. Within New York State, for example, the Buffalo News and other papers routinely advocate directly the position of New York State in its conflicts with any and all Indian tribal governments. Yet the tribal governments, all of them, from the Seneca Nation of Indians (a republic) to the Onondaga Longhouse (a clan-based government) to the Oneida traditionalist council, to the elected St. Regis Mohawk Tribal government – a wide array of governmental structures to be sure – all are charged with meeting the needs and demands of their member-citizens, and all are charged with sustaining their communities' self-governments and expected to support these through successful economic strategies. New York State, as with all states that host Native tribal enterprises within their borders if not within their own jurisdictions, must be taught proper conduct and procedure with Native governments. This could be done respectfully but firmly, but only after a fluid and consistent conversation among Indian governmental offices is established throughout the state. Intellectual debate must be encouraged that will draw out ideas and discussions from the broadest range of advocates in our communities, from the best research, to the most practical analyses. The leadership can sit in, listen in, participate at will or simply incorporate the range of the discussion, but it would agree to consider the currents and to consider common, common draw-the-line points in negotiations with the state. No doubt, there are honorable people in the offices of the State of New York, and many among those who oppose tribal gaming development areas are sincere in their beliefs, however, they have objectives that challenge and intend to diminish or even destroy tribal sovereignty as the inherent right of American Indian peoples in sustaining their nations. The state would rather not destroy gooses that lay golden eggs, but it clearly would pretend to own them. It is the nature of the state sovereignty to increasingly control the Indian jurisdictions. Tribal leaders cannot and must not lose sight of this important line of demarcation. All the tribal entities within any state stand to win substantially from squaring off with the state in as much unity of purpose and position as possible. No one would suggest this can happen easily anywhere, but let us not abdicate the responsibility for facilitating all such dialogue, anywhere and any time it can happen. This point has already been confirmed within New York where concessions on taxes by out-of-state tribes and the once powerful Mohawk, has sparked a full frontal assault by the Governor on the sovereignty of all Native nations within the state. ---30--- ============================ X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X ============================ Help us honor Native American Journalists NAJA’s Media Awards entry forms are now being accepted. Deadline for entries is May 8, 2005. Please see the NAJA website for entry forms, categories, and regulations: www.naja.com Click on the red convention box at the top of the homepage. ============================ X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X ============================ Info from Ruth Garby Torres For more information: http://www.fvtc.edu/tp2.asp?ID=Criminal+Justice&pix=033 National Indian Youth Police Academy Class #5 (Junior) July 11-23, 2005 Washington State Patrol Training Academy Shelton, Washington Academy Requirements • Must be an enrolled member of a federally recognized tribe. • Must be 14 - 16 years of age on or before July 6, 2005. • Must currently be in school or actively working on a GED. • Must obtain 3 letters of recommendation stating why you would benefit from attending the Academy. • The letters must be from: o A Tribal teacher, counselor or school resource officer. o A Tribal official (i.e. Tribal council member, Tribal police official, Tribal government official). o A Tribal member at large (any adult who is a Tribal member). ============================ X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X ============================ Young Native Scholars Summer Academy 2005, San Diego “Holistic Approach to Education” is now accepting Applications for High School (9-12) Student Acceptance & for Mentor & Counselor Positions Mentors must be College Undergrads or Graduates Counselors must be Graduate Students or higher: with preference to those working in Counseling or Education Graduate Programs. Program will be from July 16-24th at UC San Diego, San Diego State including overnight experiences on San Diego Reservations. Applicants are encouraged to apply early. Deadline is June 7th. Limited space. Downloadable Applications and information are available on-line at www.NativeScholars.org or contact Marc Chavez email@example.com 858-688-2624 http://www.nativescholars.org/ ============================ X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X ============================ That’s it for now. Stay safe, Phil ============================================================ End of Phil Konstantin’s April 2005 Newsletter – Part 2 ============================================================ . . . . . .
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