April 2003 Newsletter from
"On This Date in North American Indian History"
by Phil Konstantin
Copyright Phil Konstantin (1996-2002)

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  Start of the April 2003 Newsletter - Part One
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  Greetings,

  This is part one of the newsletter. Part two will be along in a day, or 
  two.

  March has definately flown by for me. With the start of the conflict in 
  Iraq, the CHP has been on 12 hour shifts. This ended yesterday. This was 
  so there would be more officers out there to deal with potential 
  problems or to look for "suspicious" activity. Not only do we patrol the 
  freeways and road in unincorporated areas, we also provide security at 
  state facilities. With all of the pro and anti-war marches, we stayed 
  very busy. Being the "TV guy," I did not do any patrols, but we all 
  stayed busy.

  San Diego has had a special interest in the war. Many of the Marines and 
  sailors involved in the fighting are stationed in this county. 
  Unfortunately, many of the Americans who have died were stationed here. 
  Camp Pendleton is one of the largest Marine bases in the United States. 
  Many of the Marine pilots are stationed at Miramar Mareine Corp Air 
  Station. San Diego also has one of the busiest Naval bases. There have 
  been way too many memorials held here, recently. I have mixed feelings 
  about the war. However, I have nothing but positive feelings for those 
  people who are putting their lives on the line by serving in our armed 
  forces. Many American Indians are also involved in the war. More on that 
  later...

  In the last newsletter, I showed you some of the pictures I took during 
  my trip to Utah. http://americanindian.net/utah2003.html There was also 
  a picture of a T-shirt. A couple of people have asked, so I will pass 
  this along. The picture is of four Chiricahua Apache warriors. Yes, the 
  one on the left is Geronimo, or his Apache name: Goyathlay. He got the 
  other name because of his ferocious and courageous actions during a 
  battle with Mexican forces. The story goes that the Mexicans gave him 
  the name either because it was the feast day of St. Geronimo, or because 
  they kept yelling for St. Geronimo's protection because he was their 
  patron saint.

  This is a bit in the future, but I figure I should mention it briefly, 
  now. The University of Montana is holding a conference on Lewis & Clark 
  and "Native Americans." It will be held May 28-30th in Missoula. I will 
  be one of the presenters. You can learn more about it at their website: 
  http://www.umt.edu/cultures/ I'll tell you more about it in the May 
  newsletter.

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  Some time in the next few weeks, I should be getting the first royalty 
  check for my book. This money is going to help me do something I have 
  wanted to do since the book came out. My plan is to donate copies of my 
  book to libraries on reservations and to Indian schools. My criteria for 
  picking them is very simple. I am going to give the books to 
  organizations who cannot afford to buy one. If you know of any group who 
  meets this requirement. and would like a copy, please let me know. I 
  will need the name of the school or library, an address, a contact 
  person, and an e-mail address would be helpful.

  I am not sure how many books I will be able to give away. Some stores 
  did not sell their copies of my book as quickly as they wanted. They 
  reduced the price and sold their copies to some resellers. I will buy 
  copies from them and have them shipped directly to the schools or 
  libraries. So, the number of books will depend on exactly how much I get 
  in royalties, and the number of discounted books I can find. In any 
  case, I would appreciate your help.

  I am also thinking about running an essay contest. It would be conducted 
  in Indian schools. The students would write a paper on their tribe's 
  history. The winner would get an autographed copy of my book and some 
  cash. I would post some of the entries on my website. I am still working 
  on the details. It might have to wait until the next school year. 

  What do you think about either of these ideas. I am open to suggestions.

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  Here are some articles an information about the war in Iraq.


  The American Indian Chamber of Commerce of Oklahoma has set up a page to 
  offer support to American Indian soldiers involved in the Iraq war. If 
  you are interested, thee are several ways you can get involved.
  http://www.aicco.org/troops.asp



  Lori Piestewa, a Hopi from Tuba City, Arizona, is one of the soldiers 
  missing in action in Iraq. You can read more about her on these 
  websites:
  http://www.indianz.com/News/show.asp?ID=2003/03/25/piestewa
  http://www.indianz.com/News/show.asp?ID=2003/03/28/piestewa
  http://www.indianz.com/News/show.asp?ID=2003/03/28/piestewa2
  http://www.kfoxtv.com/weather/2063657/detail.html
  http://www.tucsoncitizen.com/local/3_25_03war_hopi.html
  http://www.durangoherald.com/asp-bin/article_generation.asp?article_type=news&article_path=/news/news030330_10.htm




  Indians historically high representation in military
  http://www.daily-times.com/Stories/0,1413,129%257E6574%257E1282503,00.html




  Tohono O'odham Tribe Honors Tribal Servicemembers
  http://www.kold.com/Global/story.asp?S=1203374



  Native Americans have noteworthy war record
  http://www.azcentral.com/arizonarepublic/news/articles/0323war-nativeservice23.html



  --------------


  Joseph RedCloud sent along this humorous article:
  Before you read the following story, be advised that the author is 
  another member of the famous and extremely funny Monty Python's Flying 
  Circus. As a result, you may find the humor somewhat dry and subtle. 
  Neither the original author nor I intend to upset any of you folks. Now, 
  read on and enjoy. Joe...

  "Axis of Evil" by John Cleese

  Bitter after being snubbed for membership in the "Axis of Evil", Libya, 
  China and Syria today announced that they had formed the "Axis of Just 
  as Evil", which they said would be more evil than that stupid 
  Iran-Iraq-North Korea axis President Bush warned of in his State of the 
  Union address. Axis of Evil members, however, immediately dismissed the 
  new Axis as having, for starters, a really dumb name. 

  "Right. They are just as evil . . . in their dreams!" declared North 
  Korean leader Kim Jong-il. "Everybody knows we're the best evils . . .. 
  best at being evil . . . we're the best."

  Diplomats from Syria denied they were jealous over being excluded, 
  although they conceded they did ask if they could join the Axis of Evil. 
  They told us it was full," said Syrian President Bashar al-Assad. 

  "An axis can't have more than three countries", explained Iraqi 
  President Saddam Hussein. "This is not my rule, it's tradition. In World 
  War II you had Germany, Italy, and Japan in the evil Axis. So, you can 
  only have three, and a secret handshake. Ours is wicked cool."

  International reaction to Bush's Axis of Evil declaration was swift, as 
  within minutes, France surrendered. Elsewhere, peer conscious nations 
  rushed to gain triumvirate status in what has become a game of 
  geopolitical chairs. Cuba, Sudan and Serbia announced that they had 
  formed the "Axis of Somewhat Evil", forcing Somalia to join with Uganda 
  and Myanmar in the "Axis of Occasionally Evil", while Bulgaria, 
  Indonesia and Russia established the "Axis of Not So Much Evil Really as 
  Just Generally Disagreeable".

  With the criteria suddenly expanded and all the desirable clubs filling 
  up, Sierra Leone, El Salvador, and Rwanda applied to be called the "Axis 
  of Countries That Aren't the Worst But Certainly Won't Be Asked to Host 
  the Olympics".

  Canada, Mexico and Australia formed the "Axis of Nations That Are 
  Actually Quite Nice But Secretly Have Some Nasty Thoughts About 
  America", while Scotland, New Zealand and Spain established the "Axis of 
  Countries That Want Sheep to Wear Lipstick". "That's not a threat, 
  really, just something we like to do", said Scottish Executive First 
  Minister Jack McConnell.

  While wondering if the other nations of the world weren't perhaps making 
  fun of him, a cautious Bush granted approval for most axis, although he 
  rejected the establishment of the "Axis of Countries Whose Names End in 
  'Guay", accusing one of its members of filing a false application. 
  Officials from Paraguay, Uruguay, and Chadguay denied the charges.

  Israel, meanwhile, insisted it didn't want to join any Axis, but 
  privately world leaders said that's only because no one asked them.



  ----------------------------


  My Mom sent this joke, or morality story, if you wish: 


  Three strangers at a small airport in the Texas Panhandle are awaiting 
  their flight. One is an American Indian passing through from Oklahoma. 
  Another is a local ranch hand on his way to Ft. Worth for a Stock Show. 
  The third passenger is a fundamentalist Arab student, newly arrived 
  student at the Texas Oil Patch from the Middle East.. 
          
  To pass the time they strike up a conversation on recent events. The 
  discussion drifts to their diverse cultures. Soon the Westerners learn 
  that the Arab is a devout radical Muslim. 
         
  The conversation falls into an uneasy lull.. The Cowpoke leans back in 
  his chair, crosses his boots on a magazine table, tips his big sweat 
  stained forward over his face.. Finally the American Indian clears his 
  throat and softly he speaks: "Once my people were many, now we are few". 
  The Radical Muslim raises an eyebrow and leans forward, " Once my people 
  were few" he sneers, and now we are many. " Why do you suppose that 
  is?". The Texan shifts the toothpick to one side of his mouth and from 
  beneath his Stetson says in a drawl "that's cause we ain't played 
  Cowboys and Muslims yet"..

  ------------------------------


  Here are some lyrics I wrote called "The Sound of Sirens." It is not a 
  pro-war or anti-war song. It is just I did. I am always making up new 
  lyrics to old songs. Feel free to pass it along to others..

  Sounds of Sirens
  by Phil Konstantin (with apologies to Paul Simon)

  Hello darkness, my old friend,
  It's time to bomb Iraq again,
  A cruise missile softly creeping,
  Left its seeds while Bahgdad was sleeping,
  And dictator Saddam, is hiding in a drain,
  Where he remains
  Within the sound of sirens.

  In restless dreams he walks alone
  Along the rubble and cobblestones,
  'Neath the halo of a street lamp,
  CNN monitors the freeway offramps
  When my eyes were stabbed by the flash of a neon light
  Those bombs are bright
  And still the sounds of sirens.

  And in the naked light I saw
  Ten thousand Iraqis, maybe more.
  People running without packing,
  Overhead satelites are tracking,
  People with Swiss bank accounts they'll never share
  And no one dared
  Disturb the sound of sirens.

  "Iraqis" said I,"You do not know
  Saddam like a cancer grows.
  Hear my words that I might teach you,
  Or the missles they will reach you."
  But my words like silent smartbombs fell,
  And echoed
  In the wells of Baghdad.

  And the people bowed and prayed 
  To the god of clay they made.
  And the sign flashed out its warning,
  In the words that it was forming.
  And the signs said, The words of the prophets
  are written on the subway walls
  "I hope Saddam falls."
  And it'll end the sounds of sirens.

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  Here are some e-mails I received from newsletter subscribers:


  Tina wrote me asking if I had heard of anyone using DNA tests to prove 
  they had Indian blood. Has anyone heard of any tribes doing this? 



  Peter Kangi Crowheart sent this link along: Plains spiritual leaders 
  issue mandate to protect ceremonies
  http://www.thenavajotimes.com/plains.html



  Joseph RedCloud sent along this websites:
  Shoshone massacre site donated to Utah tribe (Yes, it is mentioned in my 
  book)
  http://www.indianz.com/News/show.asp?ID=2003/03/25/shoshone

  The Supreme Court's Recent Navajo Nation Decision: Ignoring Longstanding 
  Fiduciary Duties to Tribes
  http://www.zsa.ca/En/Articles/article.php?aid=263

  Western Shoshone crisis: Is the U.S. a nation of arbitrary laws?
  http://indiancountry.com/?1047148085

  He also sent along this humorous article:

  Who was the first person to look at a cow and say, "I think I'll squeeze 
  these dangly things here and drink whatever comes out!"

  Who was the first person to say, "See that chicken there? I'm gonna eat 
  the next thing that comes outta it's butt"

  Why do toasters always have a setting that burns the toast to a horrible 
  crisp, which no human being would eat?

  Why is there a light in the fridge and not in the freezer?

  If Jimmy cracks corn and no one cares, why is there a song about him?

  Can a hearse carrying a corpse drive in the carpool lane? (Note from 
  Phil: As a Highway Patrol officer, I know it is not legal in 
  California).

  Why do people point to their wrist when asking the time, but don't point 
  to their crotch when they ask where the bathroom is?

  Why does your OB-GYN leave the room when you get undressed if they are 
  going to look up there anyway?

  Why does Goofy stand erect while Pluto remains on all fours? They're 
  both dogs.

  What do you call male ballerinas?

  If Wile E. Coyote had enough money to buy all that Acme stuff, why 
  didn't he just buy dinner?

  If quizzes are quizzical, what are tests?

  If corn oil is made from corn, and vegetable oil is made from 
  vegetables, what is baby oil made from?

  If electricity comes from electrons, does morality come from morons? 

  Is Disney World the only people trap operated by a mouse?

  Does the Alphabet song and Twinkle, Twinkle Little Star have the same 
  tune?

  Do illiterate people get the full effect of Alphabet soup?

  Why do they call it an asteroid when it's outside the hemisphere, but 
  call it a hemorrhoid when it's in your ass?

  Did you ever notice that when you blow in a dog's face, he gets mad at 
  you, but when you take him for a car ride; he sticks his head out the 
  window?

  Does pushing the elevator button more than once make it arrive faster? 
  Similarly, does striking the "Enter" key repeatedly force the computer 
  to function faster?

  -----------------------

  Ken Pratt sent along this article: It all happened on the islands first
  http://www.sfgate.com/cgi-bin/article.cgi?file=/chronicle/archive/2003/03/18/DD254080.DTL#sections


  -----------------------------------

  Juliana Marez sent this article along:
  Protection of Ceremony, Formal Stmt - Chief Arvol Looking Horse 

  I, Chief Arvol Looking Horse, 19th Generation Keeper of the Sacred White 
  Buffalo Calf Pipe, would like to thank all the People that attended this 
  historic 'Protection of Ceremonies' meeting.

  * Bernard Red Cherries - Northern Cheyenne Nation - Northern Cheyenne 
  Arrow Priest and Elk Society Headsman
  * Tweety Little Bird- Northern Cheyenne Nation - Northern Cheyenne Elk 
  Horn Scraper Society
  * Lee Pedro - Southern Arapahoe Nation - Southern Arapahoe Rabbit Man 
  (Holy Man)
  * Dave Chief - Oglala Nation - Lakota Spiritual Leader
  * Dave Swallow, Jr. - Oglala Nation - Medicine Bundle Keeper
  * Kevin Horse Looking - Oglala Nation - Medicine Bundle Keeper
  * Floyd Hand - Oglala Nation - Medicine Bundle Keeper
  * Selo Black Crow - Oglala Nation - Medicine Bundle Keeper
  * Sam Moves Camp - Oglala Nation - Medicine Bundle Keeper
  * Chris Leith - Prairie Island Dakota Community - Medicine Bundle Keeper
  * Gaylen Drapeau Sr. - I-hank-to-wa (Yankton Sioux) Nation - Medicine 
  Bundle Keeper
  * Gaylen Drapeau Jr. - I-hank-to-wa (Yankton Sioux) Nation - Medicine 
  Bundle Keeper
  * Ambrose Little Ghost - Spirit Lake Dakota Nation - Dakota Spiritual 
  Leader
  * Calvin Medicine Bear First - Assinoboine Nakota Nation - Nation 
  Spiritual Leader
  * Leonard Crow Dog - Si-c'an-g'u Rosebud Sioux Nation - Medicine Bundle 
  Keeper
  * Roy Stone Sr. - Si-c'an-g'u Rosebud Sioux Nation - Medicine Bundle 
  Keeper
  * Ned Medcalf - Si-c'an-g'u Rosebud Sioux Nation - Interpretor/advisor
  * Leon Red Dog - Hoh'-wo-ju Cheyenne River Sioux Nation - Medicine 
  Bundle Keeper
  * Steve Vance - Hoh'-wo-ju Cheyenne River Sioux Nation - Medicine Bundle 
  Keeper
  * Francis Yellow - Hoh'-wo-ju Cheyenne River Sioux Nation - Medicine 
  Bundle Keeper
  * Jacob Sanderson - Cree Nation Canada - Medicine Bundle Keeper
  * Kevin Ta-c'an - Sioux Valley Manitoba Dakota Nation - Dakota Spiritual 
  Leader


  On March 8th and 9th, Spiritual Leaders and Bundle Keepers of the 
  Lakota, Dakota, Nakota Nation, Cheyenne Nation and Arapahoe Nation were 
  called together to discuss the protection from the abuse and 
  exploitation of our ceremonies. The meeting was held at the Cultural 
  Center in Eagle Butte, South Dakota, hosted by the Cheyenne River Sioux 
  Tribe. I would also like to acknowledge the financial donation from the 
  Prairie Island Dakota Community. 

  Discussions in the meeting included the molestation taking place in 
  ceremony, indecent mockery, mixing of new age beliefs, charging for 
  ceremonies and death, which was never heard of before in our ancient 
  ceremonial history. There was also discussion of the use of other 
  "medicines" (drugs) in and around our ceremonies. When the White Buffalo 
  Calf Woman brought the Sacred Bundle, she instructed that only those 
  with a pure mind and heart should touch the C'anupa. The ceremonies in 
  question, in reference to all the Plains Tribes, were the I-ni-pi 
  (Purification Ceremony), Wi-wanyang-wa-c'i-pi (Sundance Ceremony) and 
  Han-ble-c'i-ya (vision quest) Sacred Rites. 

  We put out notice in the newspapers, native radio stations and also 
  contacted people through the phone. I offered prayers for the safe 
  journey of the People to this very important historic meeting. Those 
  that could not attend, I acknowledge their prayers for a good outcome 
  for our concerns. 

  After long discussion and testimonies of the concerns and issues, it was 
  decided that it would be up to me, as the Keeper of the Sacred White 
  Buffalo Calf Pipe to make a decision. It was good to feel the beginning 
  of a Unity amongst our People. This has been my concern for many 
  decades, especially now, when we are facing an oncoming war. We need to 
  stand strong with our ceremonies! 

  I will state what the decision is and also explain the reasons. I will 
  state the protocols to our Seven Sacred Rites, which were passed down to 
  me when I became the next Keeper at the age of 12 years old. These 
  protocols are traditional knowledge passed down through our oral history 
  and need to be brought back to strengthen our 'Ho-c'o-ka' (our sacred 
  alters) once again.

  I will also address the areas that I cannot be involved in. My 
  responsibility is the Seven Sacred Rites.

  It was decided, from March 9th, 2003 and forward, there will be no 
  non-Natives allowed in our sacred Ho-c'o-ka (our sacred alters) where it 
  involves our Seven Sacred Rites. The only protection with this decision 
  in Government law; is that only enrolled members can carry an eagle 
  feather. In all the Seven Sacred Rites, there has always been the 
  understanding of earning and a requirement of an eagle feather while 
  participating in these Rites. The eagle feather stands for Indigenous 
  knowledge and guidance in our spiritual ways.

  * The Wi-wanyang-wa-c'i-pi (Sundance Ceremony): The only participants 
  allowed in the center will be Native People. The non-Native people need 
  to understand and respect our decision. If there have been any 
  unfinished commitments to the Sundance and non-Natives have concern for 
  this decision; they must understand that we have been guided through 
  prayer to reach this resolution. Our purpose for the Sundance is for the 
  survival of the future generations to come, first and foremost. If the 
  non-Natives truly understand this purpose, they will also understand 
  this decision and know that by their departure from this Ho-c'o-ka (our 
  sacred alter) is their sincere contribution to the survival of our 
  future generations... 

  * Please understand the Wi-wanyang-wa-c'i-pi Ceremony is not only taking 
  place in the center (Ho-c'o-ka) with the dancers. The ceremonial 
  participation also depends on all the supporters on the outside of the 
  arbor who should be in prayer. From the gate, to the cook shack, to the 
  fire-keepers, to the supporters around the arbor, to even the moon camp, 
  all people are still a part of this sacred ceremony. 

  * There should be a preparation of 'Han-ble-c'i-ya' (vision quest) 
  before you become a participant of the Sundance.

  * We shall go back into this ceremony with the proper protocols before 
  and during 
  the ceremony itself. Only those that have had the dream or direction 
  through a ceremony, in concern of someone's health, should be dancing. 
  Dancers should be secluded from outside participants, as to not be 
  contaminated by other people's energy or thoughts. There should be 
  absolutely no food or water during this four-day ceremony. If there are 
  health problems, you should choose a person to finish your commitment. 
  This ceremony is supposed to be for those that believe they can fulfill 
  all required four days of the ceremony. 

  * Han-ble-c'i-ya (Vision Quest): The vision quest should be only for 
  Native People that have had the dream or vision. This Rite is also for 
  the young men and women that reach the age of 12 years of age.

  * I-ni-pi (Purification Ceremony): Those that run this sacred rite 
  should be able to communicate with Tun-ca-s'i-la (our Sacred 
  Grandfathers) in their Native Plains tongue. They should also have 
  earned this rite by completing Han-ble-c'i-ya and the four days and four 
  years of the Wi-wanyang wa-c'i-pi.

  * The other four sacred rites of the Hun-ka ka-g'a (Making of a 
  Relative), the Ta-pa kah'-g'o-ya (Throwing of the Sacred Ball), Wi-yan 
  is'-na ti (Womanhood Ceremony) and the Na-g'i glu-ha (Keeping of the 
  Spirit Ceremony), should be only handled by legitimate L ta, Dakota, 
  Nakota Oyate (People).

  * It was also decided only legitimate Lakota, Dakota, Nakota Oyate 
  Medicine Bundle Keepers should handle any other ceremonies that are 
  connected to our Ho-co-ka, such as the Lo-wa-pi and U-wi-pi ceremonies.

  * There should be no price tag allowed to participate in any of our 
  Sacred Ceremonies. The only protocol needed for a ceremony is to 
  o-pa-g'i, meaning to offer your C'anupa or offer tobacco that has been 
  prayed with, in which the Medicine Person accepts or not accept if he is 
  not able to assist. Medicine People do need to survive, and if people 
  wish to give a monetary or any other gifts after they receive their help 
  from ceremony, giving it from their hearts, I see no problem with that. 
  We have to have faith that the Grandfathers will provide for our needs 
  to survive in this modern society; whether the gift is money, blankets, 
  food or anything that represents how much they appreciate the help. Some 
  people can afford big gifts, some people cannot. It all balances out.

  * My position is only for the Seven Sacred Rites. I cannot dictate to 
  our Medicine People who they allow to attend and support these Rites, in 
  reference to non-Native People. I cannot dictate who they choose to 
  doctor in their ceremonies. I cannot dictate where they travel to 
  doctor.

  * I have my own personal feelings on who should be Keepers of our Sacred 
  C'anupa (Pipe). The C'anupa is very sacred and the Keeper should first 
  be given a dream and be of Native decent. This issue should be further 
  discussed in our future meetings. The reason for my feelings is that I 
  am aware the C'anupa has gone out to the International community and has 
  been for sale. I know that most non-Native People do not understand the 
  important protocols or have had the Traditional background to carry this 
  sacred item properly. I am aware of women in their moon and men with 
  blood on their hands (to take ones life intentionally) have been allowed 
  to touch and carry the C'anupa. These serious situations were never to 
  be allowed. I offer thanks to the non-Native People that have returned 
  the C'anupa to our People, after I privately shared my concerns with 
  them. I acknowledge their true sincerity in assisting our Nation to 
  protect the survival of our Traditional way of life on behalf of our 
  future generations. They have helped us bring back honor and respect to 
  our sacred Ho-co-ka and C'anupa.

  * There was also discussion of only the Plains Tribal members to 
  participate in the Ho-co-ka of the Wi-wanyang wa-c'i-pi and the Han-ble 
  c'i-ya Ceremonies. In the early 70's, Chief Fools Crow and my father 
  Stanley Looking Horse decided to allow other Native Nations to 
  participate in these Rites. Their reasons were based on the fact that 
  most Nations have lost their ways through assimilation or lack of 
  Teachers to teach their Indigenous ways. They honored and understood the 
  unity of the First Nations People when different Tribes came to the aid 
  of the Wounded Knee Occupation. I cannot undo their decision out of 
  respect for our Chief and Elder. It has also been in our history that 
  our Ancestors have respectfully shared our ceremonies with other 
  Indigenous Nations.

  * The original teachings were that the Pipe Carrier should make their 
  own C'anupa. There was an understanding of the sincere spiritual energy 
  and the traditional values passed down through our bloodlines. All the 
  values of compassion, love, honor, respect and truth are molded into the 
  spiritual life they are creating. I hope that one day the future 
  generations will again pick up this important protocol.

  I would like to invite all our Lakota, Dakota, Nakota Nations to the 
  next ceremony when I bring out the Sacred White Buffalo Calf Bundle. The 
  dates in the Fall will be announced. During this time we will place the 
  12 honorable compassionate men to assist in taking care of the concerns 
  of the Sacred C'anupa. We will also discuss the protocols of the need to 
  have a good mind and good heart to be a member of the Societies that 
  will carry out these decisions in a respectful manner. 

  There will be another Protection of Ceremonies meeting to further 
  discuss and address these serious issues in the future. This meeting 
  will be sponsored by the Cheyenne Nation.

  Once again, I thank all those that have offered prayers for these very 
  serious issues to be discussed and handled in a good way.

  In the Sacred Hoop of Life, where there is no ending and no beginning!

  Mitakuye Oyasin,

  Arvol Looking Horse,
  19th Generation Keeper of the Sacred White Buffalo Calf Pipe

  ---------------------------------

  My old friend Alan Sconzert sent this to me:

  The Washington Post has a yearly contest in which readers are asked to 
  supply alternate meanings for various words. Some of this year's winning 
  entries:

  Coffee (n.), a person who is coughed upon. 
  Flabbergasted (adj.), appalled over how much weight you have gained. 
  Abdicate (v.), to give up all hope of ever having a flat stomach. 
  Esplanade (v.), to attempt an explanation while drunk. 
  Willy-nilly (adj.), impotent 
  Negligent (adj.), describes a condition in which you absentmindedly 
  answer the door in your nightie. 
  Lymph (v.), to walk with a lisp. 
  Gargoyle (n.), an olive-flavored mouthwash. 
  Flatulence (n.) the emergency vehicle that picks you up after you are 
  run over by a steamroller. 
  Balderdash (n.), a rapidly receding hairline. 
  Testicle (n.), a humorous question on an exam. 
  Rectitude (n.), the formal, dignified demeanor assumed by a proctologist 
  immediately before he examines you. 
  Oyster (n.), a person who sprinkles his conversation with Yiddish 
  expressions. 
  Circumvent (n.), the opening in the front of boxer shorts. 
  Frisbeetarianism (n.), The belief that, when you die, your soul goes up 
  on the roof and gets stuck there. 
  Pokemon (n), A Jamaican proctologist. 

  ----------------------------

  This article came from Davondra L.Owens:

  Why "Handicapped" is not Cool by Jerry Kainulainen 

  The young man had lost his legs in the war. Sitting on a bard with 
  wheels attached to the underside, he swiftly pulled himself along the 
  street. The bottom parts of his pants legs were neatly tucked under the 
  stumps of his legs. He wore an old worn coat; a cap was handily nestled 
  in his lap. As people passed by, he held out his cap, hoping to beg 
  enough to buy his next meal or replace his old worn coat. 

  The word "handicapped" was first used in Great Britain after the Crimean 
  War. Medicine had advanced to a point where large numbers of soldiers 
  were returning home with injuries that would have proved fatal in 
  earlier wars. To aid the severely disabled men, Parliament made it 
  legal for war veterans to beg on the streets; they could keep a "cap 
  handy" to accept donations from passersby. 

  Because the word "handicapped" implies making beggars out of people with 
  disabilities, the term is no longer acceptable. The preferred term is 
  "people with disabilities" (M.A. Hickman, ALRID). There is a difference 
  between "handicapped" and "disability." 

  Disability is a condition, either emotional or physical. A handicap is 
  the cumulative result of obstacles, which a disability interposes 
  between individuals and their maximum functional level. Therefore, not 
  all disabilities are handicaps. A person using a wheelchair is not 
  handicapped in an environment where there are no steps. A person who is 
  deaf is not handicapped when using a TDD. People who are blind are not 
  handicapped in jobs where they use voice-output computers. The real 
  handicap is often the built environment, e.g., stores with steps into 
  them, inaccessible taxis. 

  Often the built environment is the severe handicap. Such environments 
  limit participation, productivity, integration, independence, and 
  equality. If a person using a wheelchair cannot accept a job because it 
  is on the second floor and there is no elevator, the real handicap is 
  that there is no elevator. If someone cannot attend school because 
  there are no ramps or curb cuts, the real handicap is no physical access 
  to an education. 

  In using language, we can choose to emphasize people's similarities or 
  differences. The term "disabled person" is a sloppy short cut to the 
  more psychologically sound _expression, "person with a disability." The 
  latter places the person first, not the disability. Placing the 
  disability first distorts and undermines who people with disabilities 
  are and how they want to be seen. We don't refer to people with broken 
  legs as "broken-leg people!" 

  A woman experiencing polio, using a wheelchair, can also be a mother, a 
  wife, an executive, a student, a board member, a gifted public speaker, 
  etc. A man who has cerebral palsy is not a "vegetable!" Although he may 
  have a severe disability, he may also be extremely mentally able, a 
  contributing, productive member of society, e.g., Stephan Hawking, 
  probably the most famous living scientist, author of the book, A Brief 
  History of Time. 

  You won't find a word "handicapped" in the Americans with Disabilities 
  Act (ADA) or any of its supporting documents. Nor will you find the 
  word "special." Although the term is used in descriptions such as 
  Special Education and Special Olympics, it is seen as patronizing and 
  distancing. "Special" is the euphemism of segregation. The drafters of 
  the ADA and the disability community are saying, "We want to change the 
  image of people with disabilities and the environment." A parking space 
  that is accessible allows a person using a walker or a wheelchair to 
  exit with enough room to maneuver; it does not handicap people with 
  disabilities!! Those signs should say "Accessible Parking" instead of 
  "Handicapped Parking." 

  Please join us in changing 19th century language habits. Join us in 
  increasing equal treatment, community awareness, acceptance, and access. 
  Be concerned: take the time to be vigilant about your own language. 
  Language does play an important role I shaping ideas and attitudes. 

  "Our words affect our thoughts 
  Our thoughts affect our beliefs 
  Our beliefs affect our feelings 
  Our feelings affect our behavior and 
  Our behavior affects our world" 
      (Shirley Devol VanLieu) 

  This article is borrowed from June Isaacson Kailes' writing Language is 
  More Than a Trivial Concern. 

  I hope you enjoyed this and I would recommend we all think about how we 
  address those with disabilities. Natives never had a word for 
  "disability." We always took care of our own and shown equality. Thank 
  you for taking the time to read this. 
  August Martin, Program Director - Tribal Vocational Rehabilitation - 
  Juneau, Alaska 99801 (907) 463-7325/(907) 789-4062 Fax 



  ---------------------------

  Rico sent along this article about political activity in Maryland:

  The bill (HB991) submitted by Delegate Proctor who is a House 
  Representative of the Brandywine community, has been assigned to the 
  Health and Government Operations Committee. 

  The bill essentially is the same as HB341 as passed in the 2002 session 
  of the Maryland Legislature, but will be heard this session by a 
  different committee. The Bill amends the current statute on the 
  Recognition process by including time frames upon which a petition is to 
  be acted on. The Piscataway-Conoy Tribe petition has been sitting idle 
  for seven (7) years, because of this oversight. 
  As you may recall the Governor vetoed HB341on frivilous grounds, and it 
  is presumed that the current Governor will act on the merits of HB991 
  and not creative license.

  To assure passage of the current Bill, we (that means all of us) need to 
  start sending letters, emails, endorsements and making telephone calls 
  to the committee members NOW. 

  A listing of the Delegate Committee members telephone number, email 
  addresses, and office addresses,who are members of the committee will be 
  sent to you today. Please share this information with all your friends, 
  relatives, co-workers, church members, and anyone else that can or will 
  assist us in this matter. Ask that they call, write, or email every one 
  of them. 
  A form letter will be sent to everyone on Mervin, Natalie, and the 
  Newsletters mailing lists for you to copy and send to the House 
  Committee members. Please make copies to distribute or forward the 
  letter to everyone on your email list and be sure to get it to those 
  members that do not have internet access; especially our elders. Rico

  PS: 
  there has been concern about language about land in the bill. Be 
  assured, our leaders will not sign anything that compromises your rights 
  in order to get recognition. Our leaders are in possession of legal 
  documentation that assures the provision in the bill pertaining to this 
  issue makes it a mute point and unenforceable.

  If you have questions contact Mervin Savoy; Piscataway-Conoy Provisional 
  Tribal Chair, or Natalie Proctor; Cedarville Band Chair for answers. 

  -------------------------------

  Jay Crosby sent along this list of names:

  Hi, my name is:

  Art, I'm a museum curator.
  Chuck, I'm a butcher.
  Gene, I'm a DNA researcher.
  Curt and Rod, we are in the drapery business.
  Will, I'm a lawyer.
  Sue. I'm also a lawyer.
  Mary. I'm a justice of the peace.
  Phillip, I'm a service station attendant.
  Bill. I run a collection agency
  Grant, I am a loan officer.
  Mike. I'm an announcer
  Toni and Bob,we are hair dressers.
  Gail. I'm a meteorologist
  John. I'm a plumber
  Herb. I'm a cook.
  Stu. I also cook.
  Wade and I'm in swimming pool maintenance.
  Rob. I'm a thief.
  Rod. I sell guns.
  Russell, I'm a cattle thief
  Woody. A Forester
  Rusty, I'm an iron worker.
  Les. I'm a dietician
  Hans. I'm a manicurist
  Harry. I'm a barber.
  Nick. I was a barber but I'm looking for a new job.
  Emmy, I'm a T. V. star
  Oscar, and I'm a movie star.
  Hugo, I write science fiction
  Pete Moss. I sell ferilizer.
  Iris. I'm an optometrist
  Teddy, I'm in lingerie
  Josh. I'm a talk show host
  Mark. I price items at the supermarket.
  Dustin. I'm a school custodian
  Matt. I'm a doorman.
  Homer. I am a realter.
  Carol. I sing during the holidays.
  Clay. I make pottery.
  Derek. I'm in the oil rig business.
  Neal.   I lead prayer groups.
  Eileen. I make orthotics for people with one leg longer than the other.
  Irene. I'm Chinese and also make orthotics.
  Rusty. I undercoat cars.
  Sly. I'm a detective.
  Bea. I'm in the honey business..
  Hugh. I'm a painter.
  Jim I train boxers
  Brigham I'm a chauffeur
  Dean A college chancellor
  Nat. I'm an entomologist.
  Bud. I'm in flowers.
  And I'm Rose. I'm a gardener. I work with Violet, Iris and Lily.
  Clarence, I specialize in end-of-season inventory closeout sales.
  Manuel, I write intruction books.
  Boris. I lecture at the University.
  They call me Pops. I sell soft drinks.
  Jules, Ruby and Pearl. We're jewelers.
  Marshall. I'm a peace officier.
  Gil. I'm a fisherman.
  Avery. I raise birds.
  Cliff. I'm a mountaineer.
  Sherry. I'm a wine-master.
  Cary. I'm a porter.
  Barry. I'm an undertaker.
  Chevy and Mercedes. We are car dealers.
  Abbie. I'm a Mother Superior.
  Belle. I play the carillon.
  Candy. I'm a confectioner.
  Jack. I wanted to be a banker but ended up installing tires.
  Dick. I'm a plain-clothes policeman.
  Bet. I'm a coupier.
  Sherry. I work in a vineyard.
  Leo. A lion trainer.
  Ham. I raise pigs
  Otto. I'm a car mechanic.
  Herald. I'm a messenger.
  Sandy. I'm a lifeguard.
  Guy. I install antennas.
  Ray. I'm a roentgenologist.
  Doug, I'm a grave digger
  Faith. I'm a minister.
  Hope, I'm a stock broker
  Charity, a televangelist
  Joe, an espresso vender
  Bart. I drive a bus.
  Frank, the Hot-Dog vendor
  Brandy. The bartender.
  Holly, I'm a holiday decorator
  Shelly, I'm an expert on mollusks
  Rich, A successful investment banker.
  Moe, I'm a gardener
  Brooks. I'm an irrrigation consultant
  Haley, an astronomer.
  Tom and Tammy. We bred cats.
  Cookie, I'm a baker.
  Chip. I'm a professional gambler when I'm not playing golf.
  Bette, I'm also a gambler
  Lute. I'm a musician.
  Melody. So am I.
  Tellie. A gossip columnist
  Ira. I'm an investment advisor.
  Annette, I sell fishing supplies
  Pat. I am a masseur
  Rex. I own a junk yard.
  Hortense. I'm a psychologist working with prostitutes.
  Haley, I am an astronomer
  Sandy, I just hang around the beach.
  Dusty, I run a cleaning service.
  Victor, and I'm a winner in everything I do.

  ----------------------------

  Louie Freiberg sent along this e-mail about an effort to erect a 
  monument at Wounded Knee:

  Information on proposed memorial at Pedro on Cheyenne River at Chief big 
  Foot 1890 campsite & village for your Wall, SD April Chamber meeting. 
  The stone for the 1890 sweat hut at the Chief Big Foot Camp are still 
  piled near the Deep Creek where the originial sweat hut was located 
  according to Bill Stone 1010 St. Patrick St., Rapid City. SD 
  605-394-0359 (owner of the ranch where camp was located for many years, 
  now owned by Kjerstad's)

  Below is link to the originial proposed legislation on Wounded Knee 
  Memorial and a North Unit on the Cheyenne River at Chief Big Foot's camp 
  & village. (40 miles north of Wall, SD and Five miles south of Freiberg 
  ranch http://louienet.com and the Sioux Spiritual Center 
  http;//louienet.com/family/spiritualcenter.htm 

  I would hope the Wall Chamber and Wall Drug will under take efforts for 
  the completion of this North Unit memorial as well as the the 
  establishment and marking the route taken by Chief Big Foot and his band 
  from the Cheyenne River Camp (at mouth of Deep Creek) to Wounded Knee as 
  a National Historic Trail. Hope Wall Drug Wall-@gwtc.net 
  605-279-2175 and Wall Chamber Wallch-@gwtc.net will take up this 
  effort.

  I am sending copy of this eamil to some individuals I think would be 
  interested in such a memorial.

  WOUNDED KNEE ORIGINIAL BILL IN CONGRESS 
  http://www.yvwiiusdinvohil.net/politicial/s382is.htm    Originial 
  Wounded Knee Bill

  The originial bill among other things suggested a North Unit:

  "(A) a North Unit that may include --
          (i) such sites relating to the 1890 Wounded Knee Massarcre and 
  Ghost dance Religion, including the campsite of Chief Big Foot at Deep 
  Creek, as the as the Cheyenne River Tribe, in connection with the 
  Director of the National Park Service, considers necesary to include in 
  such unit;"


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  X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X+X
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  Part Two will be along in a day or two.....
  .

  Stay safe,

  Phil
  phil-@rocketmail.com
  .
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  End of the April 2003 Newsletter - Part One
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