March 2013 Newsletter from
"This Day in North American Indian History"
by Phil Konstantin
Copyright © © Phil Konstantin (1996-2013)

Click Here To Return To The Previous Website

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State of Phil Konstantin's March 2013 Newsletter
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Greetings,

I am still trying to work out the bugs in changing over to a new newsletter distributor. I'm sorry it this has a few glitches in it.

I think since my last newsletter, I am no longer working at KGTV-TV in San Diego. The station changed their helicopter service to another company. They say this saved them $500,000. The new provider already has a full staff. So, I am looking for work. This will be the first time in almost 30 years I have not had a job.

Next month, I will be making two trips. On April 11th, I will be flying to Oklahoma to represent the San Diego Cherokee Community (SDCC) in a leadership conference. That should be interesting. The SDCC is also planning a trip to visit Will Rogers' home/museum in the Los Angeles area. I have never been there, and I am looking forward to it.

Phil

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LINK OF THE MONTH - March 2013
-----------------------------------------------------

Here are links to two old books about American Indians:

INDIANS OF THE YOSEMITE VALLEY AND VICINITY -
Their History, Customs and Traditions by GALEN CLARK

This article was written in 1904. It can be downloaded in several formats. The online version also includes photos and illustrations.

http://www.yosemite.ca.us/library/indians_of_the_yosemite/


------

The North American Indian by Edward S. Curtis

This book was written in 1906. The PDF copy includes photos, as well.

http://www.gutenberg.org/files/19449/19449-pdf.pdf



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TREATY OF THE MONTH
-----------------------

TREATY WITH THE UTE, 1868.
Mar. 2, 1868. | 15 Stats., 619. |
Ratified, July 25, 1868. | Proclaimed, Nov. 6, 1868.

Treaty headings include: 
Reservation, Boundaries, Saw Mill, Offenders Among the Whites,
Education, Land, Wrongdoers, and other subjects

You can read a transcript here:

http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/ute0990.htm


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Interesting Items:


2012 National Congress of American Indians State of Indian Nations - Full Program on Video
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oUfSK9j5SRI&feature=share&list=PLCCDD0634BD1375DA

Winter 2012 issue of National Museum of the American Indian
http://content.yudu.com/A1yt1a/winter2012/resources/index.htm?referrerUrl=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.americanindianmagazine.org%2F

Native American Comedy Film - Eagle Falls a Native American comedy short film about a group of young adults living on the Eagle Fall Indian Reservation.
http://www.eaglefalls.tv/

Native Reservation Nation: Through Our Eyes, True Stories of Rez Life
http://www.facebook.com/TrueStoriesOfRezLife


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Interesting articles and news:
------------------------------------------


Hungry Full Wolf Moon Howls Outside in Frigid January--Or Does It?  (I am quoted in this story)
http://indiancountrytodaymedianetwork.com/2013/01/26/hungry-full-wolf-moon-howls-outside-frigid-january-or-does-it-147264

US Presidents in Their Own Words Concerning American Indians
http://www.nativenewsnetwork.com/us-presidents-in-their-own-words-concerning-american-indians.html

Greg Rickford, Parliamentary Secretary to Minister Valcourt, speaks to the Prospectors and Developers Association Conference Aboriginal Forum
http://www.aadnc-aandc.gc.ca/eng/1362422183831/1362422221695

Native Americans Left Carbon Footprints
http://news.discovery.com/earth/native-americans-carbon-emissions.htm

Volunteer DJ shares the power of Native American music
http://www.reznetnews.org/article/volunteer-dj-shares-power-native-american-music

Despite legal obligations, majority of IHS facilities reportly offer no 'plan B'
http://nativetimes.com/life/health/8477-despite-legal-obligations-majority-of-ihs-facilities-reportly-offer-no-plan-b

National Aboriginal Achievement Foundation Renamed Indspire; Leader Receives Diamond Jubilee Award
http://indiancountrytodaymedianetwork.com/article/national-aboriginal-achievement-foundation-renamed-indspire%3B-leader-receives-diamond-jubilee-award-101407

Native Sun News: Oglala Sioux woman works to protect culture
http://www.indianz.com/News/2013/008765.asp

NCAI Announces 2013 Indian Country Leadership Awards
http://www.ncai.org/news/articles/2013/03/05/ncai-announces-2013-indian-country-leadership-awards

Two groups claiming Cherokee heritage seeking recognition in Virginia
http://theonefeather.com/2013/02/two-groups-claiming-cherokee-heritage-seeking-recognition-in-virginia/

Southcentral Alaska village corporations accept 230,000 acre transfer
http://www.alaskadispatch.com/article/20130301/southcentral-alaska-village-corporations-accept-230000-acre-transfer

Shellfish and The California Tribes
http://www.nativeamericannetroots.net/diary/1452/shellfish-and-the-california-tribes

Calling Out Three in Congress for their NO Votes on VAWA:Mullins, Barrasso and Grassley
http://www.nativenewsnetwork.com/calling-out-three-in-congress-for-their-no-votes-on-vawa-mullions-barrasso-and-grassley.html

Genocide Wiped Out Native American Population
http://news.discovery.com/history/genocide-native-americans-ethnic-cleansing.htm

Montana lawmakers seek answers to bison management
http://www.reznetnews.org/article/montana-lawmakers-seek-answers-bison-management

Ultimatum Set on Wounded Knee sale
http://nativetimes.com/news/tribal/8471-ultimatum-set-on-wounded-knee-sale

Tribes Oppose Obama's Nomination of Lynne Sebastian to Advisory Council on Historic Preservation
http://indiancountrytodaymedianetwork.com/2013/02/28/tribes-oppose-obamas-nomination-lynne-sebastian-advisory-council-historic-preservation

President of Quinault Nation to attend VAWA signing ceremony
http://www.indianz.com/News/2013/008764.asp

NCAI President Outlines Course for Securing the Future of Tribal Nations and America
http://www.ncai.org/news/articles/2013/02/14/ncai-president-outlines-course-for-securing-the-future-of-tribal-nations-and-america

Why it's time to (finally) officially rename Mount McKinley as Denali
http://www.alaskadispatch.com/article/why-its-time-finally-officially-rename-mount-mckinley-denali

Cherokee Families
http://www.nativeamericannetroots.net/diary/1451/cherokee-families

Oglala Sioux President Brewer Threatened with Arrest in White Clay, Nebraska http://www.nativenewsnetwork.com/oglala-sioux-president-brewer-threatened-with-arrest-in-white-clay-nebraska.html

Native Island Tribe Redefining Survival
http://news.discovery.com/human/native-tribe-survival-carib.htm

Report: NM Native American casinos recovering
http://www.reznetnews.org/article/report-nm-native-american-casinos-recovering

Republicans offer deal on American Indian courts
http://nativetimes.com/news/federal/8463-republicans-offer-deal-on-american-indian-courts

Keith Harper, Cobell Lawyer, Bundled at Least $500,000 for Obama's Re-Election
http://indiancountrytodaymedianetwork.com/2013/03/04/keith-harper-cobell-lawyer-bundled-least-500000-obamas-re-election-147979

Mark Trahant: Indian Country bears brunt of cuts to education
http://www.indianz.com/News/2013/008768.asp

Man finds prehistoric skull in Toksook Bay, Southwest Alaska
http://www.alaskadispatch.com/article/man-finds-prehistoric-skull-toksook-bay-southwest-alaska

CBS Sitcom Mike & Molly "Furnace Full of Drunk Indians" Comment Draws Fire
http://www.nativenewsnetwork.com/cbs-sitcom-mike-molly-furnace-full-of-drunk-indians-comment-draws-fire.html

Did a Comet Really Chill and Kill Clovis Culture?
http://news.discovery.com/human/life/did-a-comet-really-chill-and-kill-clovis-culture-130301.htm

Walker says all Wisconsin tribes must agree to new casino
http://www.reznetnews.org/article/walker-says-all-wisconsin-tribes-must-agree-new-casino

Indian Country reacts to Senate passage of VAWA
http://nativetimes.com/news/federal/8437-indian-country-reacts-to-senate-passage-of-vawa

Navajo Nation Thawing Out From Devastating Winter
http://indiancountrytodaymedianetwork.com/2013/03/04/navajo-nation-thawing-out-devastating-winter-147975

Port Gamble S'Klallam Tribe helps community
http://www.indianz.com/News/2013/008770.asp

Ancient Mesoamerica: The King of El Zotz
http://www.nativeamericannetroots.net/diary/1450/ancient-mesoamerica-the-king-of-el-zotz

March is National Kidney Month: American Indians at 6 Times the Risk for Kidney Disease
http://www.nativenewsnetwork.com/national-kidney-month-american-indians-at-6-times-the-risk-for-kidney-disease.html

Dogs Once Featured as California Cuisine
http://news.discovery.com/animals/pets/california-cuisine-once-featured-farmed-dogs-130131.htm

"Navajo Cops" director shares his experience filming the six-episode series
http://www.reznetnews.org/article/navajo-cops-director-shares-his-experience-filming-six-episode-series

Tyonek People in Alaska Set Month of March to Be Friendly: It's Time for the Ida’ina Gathering
http://indiancountrytodaymedianetwork.com/2013/03/03/tyonek-people-alaska-set-month-march-be-friendly-its-time-idaina-gathering-147971

Blog: Supreme Court hears Cherokee Nation ICWA case in April
http://www.indianz.com/News/2013/008766.asp

American Indian museum tackles racism in US sports
http://www.kumeyaay.com/all-news/3054-american-indian-museum-tackles-racism-in-us-sports.html

Off-Rez Enrollees Fight For Salazar Payments
http://thecirclenews.org/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=785&Itemid=1

10 Questions for Award Winning American Indian Artist Chris Pappan
http://www.nativenewsnetwork.com/10-questions-for-award-winning-american-indian-artist-chris-pappan.html

Saving the Dance: Hopi/Winnebago Dancer Louis Mofsie Is Striving to Preserve Pow Wow Tradition
http://indiancountrytodaymedianetwork.com/2013/03/02/saving-dance-hopiwinnebago-dancer-louis-mofsie-striving-preserve-pow-wow-tradition-147883

Research helps tribes combat high rates of diabetes
http://www.indianz.com/News/2013/008771.asp

Native Farmers Gather to Protect Seeds
http://thecirclenews.org/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=488&Itemid=75

Sequestration Will Cause Tribal Colleges & Universities to Cut Staff and Reduce Programs
http://www.nativenewsnetwork.com/sequestration-will-cause-tribal-colleges-and-universities-to-cut-staff-and-reduce-programs.html

Grassroots Natives Meet EPA, Highlight Keystone XL Concerns
http://indiancountrytodaymedianetwork.com/2013/03/01/grassroots-natives-meet-epa-highlight-keystone-xl-concerns-147938

Mashpee Wampanoag Tribe and state discuss compact with BIA
http://www.indianz.com/IndianGaming/2013/026042.asp

Supreme Court upholds council map
http://www.cherokeephoenix.org/Article/Index/7056

5 councilors file reconsideration motion in Supreme Court
http://www.cherokeephoenix.org/Article/Index/7066

Deputies remain on alert in Madera County (VIDEO)
http://www.clipsyndicate.com/video/play/3959534

How Sequester Impacts Tribal Nations Long-term
http://www.nativenewsnetwork.com/how-sequester-impacts-tribal-nations-long-term.html

Don't Believe the Land-Consolidation Hype
http://indiancountrytodaymedianetwork.com/opinion/dont-believe-land-consolidation-hype-147293

Energy Department requests tribal comments
http://www.indianz.com/News/2013/008747.asp

Miner testifies about blasting near sacred site
http://au.finance.yahoo.com/news/miner-testifies-blasting-near-sacred-071323512.html

Plateau Indian Beadwork (Photo Diary)
http://www.nativeamericannetroots.net/diary/1449/plateau-indian-beadwork-photo-diary

Abandoned Indian School Graves Will Be Protected
http://indiancountrytodaymedianetwork.com/2013/03/02/abandoned-indian-school-graves-will-be-protected-147790

National Congress of American Indians meets in Washington DC
http://www.indianz.com/News/2013/008743.asp

Editorial: Keep nicknames and teach tribal culture
http://www.macombdaily.com/article/20130227/OPINION01/130229448/editorial-keep-nicknames-and-teach-tribal-culture

Native American voting rights case gets a 2nd look
http://www.kaj18.com/news/native-american-voting-rights-case-gets-a-2nd-look/#_

AIM – Wounded Knee II, 40 years later -
http://lastrealindians.com/aim-wounded-knee-ii-40-years-later-chase-iron-eyes/

Chumash tribe re-elects chairman (VIDEO)
http://www.clipsyndicate.com/video/play/3965876

FEMA Archaeologists Discover Native Artifacts in New Orleans
http://indiancountrytodaymedianetwork.com/2013/02/21/fema-archaeologists-discover-native-artifacts-new-orleans-147819

NAGPRA changes minds for some in anthropology
http://www.indianz.com/News/2013/008752.asp

Quinault Indian Nation suing neighboring school districts for discrimination
http://www.king5.com/news/local/Taholah-192922381.html

Why aboriginal people are underrepresented on juries
http://www.theglobeandmail.com/commentary/editorials/why-aboriginal-people-are-underrepresented-on-juries/article9278461/

The Genoa Indian School
http://www.nativeamericannetroots.net/diary/1448/the-genoa-indian-school

Muscogee Man Held on Alleged Terrorist Threat Charge Freed
http://indiancountrytodaymedianetwork.com/2013/02/20/muscogee-man-held-alleged-terrorist-threat-charge-freed-147787

How non-Indians can challenge tribal court jurisdiction
http://www.indianz.com/News/2013/008740.asp

Idle No More: Where the Mainstream Media Went Wrong
http://dominion.mediacoop.ca/story/idle-no-more-and-mainstream-media/16023

Mexican drug smugglers profit from illegal trade in archaeological artifacts
http://www.wfaa.com/news/world/190484501.html

California Legislator Seeks Tribal Input on Sacred Sites Protection Bill
http://indiancountrytodaymedianetwork.com/2013/02/19/california-legislator-seeks-tribal-input-sacred-sites-protection-bill-147710

EBCI first tribe to receive FEMA funds under Stafford Act
http://theonefeather.com/2013/03/ebci-first-tribe-to-receive-fema-funds-under-stafford-act/

Shale-Oil Boom Divides Reservation
http://online.wsj.com/article_email/SB10001424127887323293704578331030315441350-lMyQjAxMTAzMDAwMTEwNDEyWj.html?mod=wsj_valettop_email

Mexico finds fire-god figure at top of Pyramid of the Sun
http://www.latimes.com/news/world/worldnow/la-fg-wn-mexico-firegod-pyramid-20130213,0,7555042.story

LeRoy Shingoitewa: Hopi Tribe Against Grand Canyon Project
http://indiancountrytodaymedianetwork.com/2013/02/18/leroy-shingoitewa-hopi-tribe-against-grand-canyon-project-147738

40th anniversary of Wounded Knee '73 (Mar 02, 2013)
http://www.kgou.org/index.php?news-management&action=view_news&news_id=4948

Hualapai tribe appealing $28.5M Skywalk verdict
http://www.kingmandailyminer.com/main.asp?SectionID=1&SubSectionID=798&ArticleID=55242

O'odham
http://www.nativeamericannetroots.net/diary/1447/oodham-by-Ojibwa

Newfoundland birds were the heart of extinct Beothuk nation’s religion, study says
http://www.canada.com/health/Newfoundland+birds+were+heart+extinct+Beothuk+nation+religion/7966875/story.html

Three New Bills in Oregon Legislature Seek to Undermine Native American Mascots Ban
http://indiancountrytodaymedianetwork.com/2013/03/05/three-new-bills-oregon-legislature-seek-undermine-native-american-mascots-ban-148002

Panel takes up Chukchansi disnerollment and leadership dispute
http://www.indianz.com/News/2013/008757.asp

Rep. Nuñez to Gov. Rick Scott: Fight Miccosukees to block chance of golf-course casino
http://miamiherald.typepad.com/nakedpolitics/2013/03/rep-nu%C3%B1ez-to-gov-rick-scott-fight-miccosukees-to-block-chance-of-golf-course-casino.html

Leaving the Rez and Living the Rez -By Denny Gayton
http://lastrealindians.com/leaving-the-rez-and-living-the-rez-by-denny-dayton/

A herd of American Bison are sent back to the Lakota in South Dakota. - VIDEO
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6AW0e4sDROE

The Return of the Bison (Full Version)- VIDEO
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HWll2wwyrkI&feature=player_embedded

Read more here: http://miamiherald.typepad.com/nakedpolitics/2013/03/rep-nu%C3%B1ez-to-gov-rick-scott-fight-miccosukees-to-block-chance-of-golf-course-casino.html#storylink=cpy

NATIVE AMERICAN CONFRONTS 'ANTI-ILLEGAL IMMIGRATION' PROTESTER- VIDEO
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ICF4pKsbXnY&feature=youtu.be

Last Surviving Original Code Talker, Chester Nez, Speaks During Northland College's Indigenous Cultures Awareness Month
http://indiancountrytodaymedianetwork.com/2013/03/04/last-surviving-original-code-talker-chester-nez-speaks-during-northland-colleges

Marine Inspired by Native American Upbringing
http://www.military.com/daily-news/2013/03/01/marine-inspired-by-native-american-upbringing.html

Senate advances bill to help preserve Native American languages
http://helenair.com/news/legislature/senate-advances-bill-to-create-native-american-languages/article_9dce6bc6-8151-11e2-a9f9-001a4bcf887a.html

Shell Midden Uncovered in St Thomas
http://virginislandsdailynews.com/news/market-square-construction-yields-archaelogical-find-1.1444261?localLinksEnabled=false

Frontline Warriors at White Clay Feb. 28, 2013
http://bsnorrell.blogspot.com/2013/02/frontline-warriors-at-white-clay-feb-28.html?spref=fb

Introducing Naturopathic Doctors to Indian Health Service Clinics
http://indiancountrytodaymedianetwork.com/2013/03/04/introducing-naturopathic-doctors-indian-health-service-clinics-147984

McCoy wins State Championship
http://theonefeather.com/2013/03/wrestling-mccoy-wins-state-championship/

Navajo, Hopi tribes struggle without water in Southwest cold snap
http://www.kumeyaay.com/all-news/3056-navajo,-hopi-tribes-struggle-without-water-in-southwest-cold-snap.html

Mexican archaeologists reveal studies made on sacrificial stone found at Templo Mayor

More Information: http://www.artdaily.org/index.asp?int_sec=11&int_new=60989#.UTZd8leyJvF[/url]
Copyright © artdaily.org
Sacrificial Victims from Templo Mayor Examined by Archaeologists
Mexican archaeologists reveal studies made on sacrificial stone found at Templo Mayor

More Information: http://www.artdaily.org/index.asp?int_sec=11&int_new=60989#.UTZd8leyJvF[/url]
Copyright © artdaily.org

http://www.artdaily.org/index.asp?int_sec=11&int_new=60989#.UTZd8leyJvF

Liberation Day Wounded Knee SD 2013
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1j47hGUhmxk&feature=player_embedded

Centering the Indigenous Nation
http://indiancountrytodaymedianetwork.com/2013/03/05/centering-indigenous-nation-147743

Rape on the Reservation
http://www.nytimes.com/2013/02/27/opinion/native-americans-and-the-violence-against-women-act.html?ref=opinion&_r=0

Kashia Pomos buy 510 acres near Sonoma Coast
http://www.pressdemocrat.com/article/20130304/ARTICLES/130309831

Native Americans regularly smoked tobacco
http://www.dailydemocrat.com/news/ci_22703508?source=rss

Canadian Parliament Unanimously Approves Launch of Missing and Murdered Women Committee
http://indiancountrytodaymedianetwork.com/2013/03/01/canadian-parliament-unanimously-approves-launch-missing-and-murdered-women-committee

Cherokee Phoenix celebrates 185 years
http://theonefeather.com/2013/02/cherokee-phoenix-celebrates-185-years/

Alaska Native tribal leaders voice concerns about House bills in Juneau
http://www.alaskadispatch.com/article/20130303/alaska-native-tribal-leaders-voice-concerns-about-house-bills-juneau

Reach Out and Come Together – by Evon Peter
http://lastrealindians.com/reach-out-and-come-together-by-evon-peter-2/

Fish Fry: plight of Canadian aboriginals poisoned by mercury - VIDEO
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vv4JcSgWMmg&feature=youtu.be

Edmonton police say they did their job with assaulted Aboriginal woman - VIDEO
http://aptn.ca/pages/news/2013/02/27/edmonton-police-say-they-did-their-job-with-assaulted-aboriginal-woman/


Blind Aboriginal Hockey Player Is a Sniper on the Ice
http://indiancountrytodaymedianetwork.com/2013/02/27/blind-aboriginal-hockey-player-sniper-ice-147885

How Native American Tribes Are Easing Small Town Water Worries
http://kosu.org/2013/02/how-native-american-tribes-are-easing-small-town-water-worries/

Stable Public Safety Funding in First Nations Communities Announced for Next 5 Years
http://www.nativenewsnetwork.com/stable-public-safety-funding-in-first-nations-communities-announced-for-next-5-years.html

Mohawk Nation News 'Leonard Peltier'
http://bsnorrell.blogspot.com/2013/03/mohawk-nation-news-leonard-peltier.html?spref=fb

Native American Veterans by the Numbers
http://indiancountrytodaymedianetwork.com/2013/03/05/native-american-veterans-numbers-148001

Supreme Court’s upcoming child-custody decision: The Baby Veronica case
http://news.yahoo.com/supreme-court-upcoming-child-custody-decision-baby-veronica-110206332--politics.html


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Here are some random historical events:


March 1, 1524: Giovanni da Verrazano, sailing for France, anchors near
Wilmington, North Carolina, in the "Dauphine.” He kidnaps an Indian
child they encounter to bring back to Europe. Some sources report this
happening on March 7th.


March 1, 1793: Congress passes "An Act to Regulate Trade and Intercourse
with the Indian Tribes." It also passes "An Act Making An Appropriation
to Defray the Expense of a Treaty With the Indians Northwest of the
Ohio."


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March 2, 1889: The original confines of the Pine Ridge Indian
Reservation are defined by an Act (25 Stat. L. 888) according to the
Constitution of the Oglala Sioux Tribe of the Pine Ridge Indian
Reservation. Section 11 of the Act which allocated lands to individual
tribal members and provided that "the United States does and will hold
the land thus located for a period of twenty-five years, in trust for
the sole use and benefit of the Indian to whom such allotment shall have
been made."


March 2, 1868: The Seven Bands of Ute treaty (15 stat. 619) is signed in
Washington, D. C.


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March 3, 1791: An Act of Congress gives the Kaskaskia Indians a 320-acre
tract of land near the Kaskaskia township.


March 3, 1820: The Mi’kmaq Afton First Nation reserve of Pomquet - Afton
is established in Nova Scotia. The Bear River First Nation reserve of
Bear River is also established.


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March 4, 1541: Chickasaw Indians attack de Soto's forces. They set fire
to the huts de Soto's men are using. Approximately twelve Spaniards are
killed. They lose a considerable number of their horses, and livestock.
The Chickasaw suffer only minimal losses.


March 4, 1870: Louis Riel’s Metis have taken over the government in the
Red River Colony. They execute Thomas Scott for "taking up arms" against
Riel’s government. This execution helps to speed up an expedition
against Riel’s Metis.


----------------


March 5, 1980: Harold Smith also known as the popular American Indian
actor, Jay Silverheels died on this day. Silverheels was the first
American Indian actor to have a star placed in Hollywood's Walk of Fame
along Hollywood Boulevard. His middle name was Jay. Life for Jay Smith
Silverheels - that is the name he legally adopted later - began on the
Six Nations Indian Reserve in Ontario on May 26, 1919. Thanks to
Northernstars.ca & National Native News


March 5, 1861: The Confederacy appoints Albert Pike, of Arkansas, to
negotiate treaties with the Indians in the region. He establishes the
"United Nations of the Indian Territory (present day Oklahoma)" as an
Indian confederacy to oppose the government of Abraham Lincoln.


---------------


March 6, 1836: On February 27, General Edmund Gaines' troops were forced
into a battle on the Withlacoochee River, in central Florida, with the
Seminoles. They have continued fighting until today when the Seminoles
request a conference. While the talks are being held, General Duncan
Clinch, and his troops arrive. These troops are a decisive force, and
the battle break off and the Seminoles retreat.


March 6, 501: Maya King Ahkal Mo' Naab' I ascends to the throne in
Palenque, Mexico


--------------


March 7, 1539: Mexican Viceroy Don Antonio de Mendoza has decided to
send an expedition to search for wealthy cities north of Mexico. Friar
Marcos de Niza leaves from Culiacan today. He will “discover” Cibola,
although he never sets foot in the pueblo. His report will lead to
future expeditions looking for the “Seven Cities of Gold.”


March 7, 1524: Giovanni da Verrazano, sailing for France, anchors near
Wilmington, North Carolina, in the "Dauphine." He kidnaps a child they
encounter to bring back to Europe. Some sources report this happening on
March 1st.


----------


March 8, 1782: Monrovian missionaries have converted many Delaware,
Mahican, and Munsee Indians to Christianity. They have established
villages in Pennsylvania in 1746, but move them to the Muskingum River
in Ohio in 1773 after their old villages are attacked by other Indian
tribes. Unfortunately, at the outbreak of the American Revolutionary
war, the “Moravian” Indians found themselves directly between American
and British forces, and their allies. Both sides believe the “Moravians”
are helping the other. Today, Colonel David Williamson, and American
soldiers from Pennsylvania, surround the peaceful village of
Gnadenhutten (the second village of the name, the first had been in
Pennsylvania), and herd the occupants into two houses. While some of the
militia refused to participate, the majority of the soldiers decide to
kill all of the “Moravians.” After allowing them to have a final prayer,
the soldiers kill the ninety-six Indian men, women, and children in cold
blood. (Some sources say this happens on the 7th.)


March 8, 1857: Inkpaduta, and a little over a dozen Wapekutah Sioux
warriors, attack a series of settlements in northwestern Iowa along
Spirit Lake. As many as forty settlers are killed.


-----------------


March 9, 1768: According to some sources, Shawnee Pucksinwah's third
child, Tecumseh (The Panther Passing Across) is born. His mother is
Methotasa (A Turtle Laying Her Eggs in the Sand).


March 9, 1805: The Grand Chief of Minnetarees visits Lewis and Clark.


---------------


March 10, 1760: The Mi’kmaq of Richibuto and Mouscadaboet sign a treaty
with the British of Nova Scotia.


March 10, 1957: The Dalles Dam floods sacred fishing areas on the
Columbia River


----------


March 11, 431: Palenque Maya Lord Bahlum - Kuk ascends the throne
according to the museum at Palenque.

March 11, 1848: As a part of the Cayuse War, a fight takes place .
Captain McKay, and a force 268, are ambushed by approximately 400
Palouse. The Palouse are allied to the Cayuse.


----------


March 12, 1771: Spaniards under Father Junipero Serra begin construction
of the Presidio (or fort) in what becomes San Diego, California. It is
built on the bluffs above the Kumeyaay village of Cosoy.


March 12, 1798: According to Hudson’s Bay Company records, two Kootenay
Indians arrived at Edmonton House in Canada. The Indians made their way
through the Rockies during to winter to seek trade.


----------


March 13, 1857: The Senate rejects six different treaties made with
Indians of the American Southwest.


March 13, 1864: The first group of Navajos finish the "Long Walk" to
Fort Sumner on the Bosque Redondo Reservation, in east-central New
Mexico. During their march, thirteen of the 1,430 who started the trip
are kidnaped by Mexicans or die.


------------

  
March 14, 1697: The last of the independent Maya tribes, called the
Itza, are finally conquered by the Spanish. The Spanish attack and
defeat the Itza at their capital city of Tayasal, Guatemala.



----------


March 15, 1697: The northwestern Massachusetts town of Haverhill is
attacked by Abenaki Indians. Hannah Dustin, her newborn child, and their
nurse are among the captives. While leaving the area, an Indian kills
the child for fear its crying will give them away. In one of the most
famous escapes of the era, Dustin bided her time for a month and a half.
Finally seeing their opportunity, Dustin and the nurse kill all of their
sleeping captors with an ax, except an old woman, and a child. Dustin,
brings back her captors' scalps, for which she is paid twenty-five
pounds by the Massachusetts Government.


March 15, 1869: Colonel George Custer, and his troops discovers two
Cheyenne villages, of over 250 lodges, on Sweetwater Creek near the
Texas-Oklahoma boundary. The Cheyenne have been order to report to their
reservation. Custer captures four Chiefs. He threatens to hang the Chief
unless the Cheyenne surrender. Both of the villages decide to give up.


----------


March 16, 1700: According to records kept by French missionaries,
lightning strikes the temple in the Taensa village on Lake Saint Joseph
near modern Newellton, Louisiana. The temple catches fire. The tribal
shaman tell the women of the tribe to throw their small children into
the fire to appease the angry god who started the fire. French priest
Francois Joliet de Montigny attempts to stop the women.


March 16, 1621: Samoset meets the Pilgrims.


------------


March 17, 1830: Members of the Choctaw "rump" council, sign a treaty
selling Choctaw lands, and agreeing to moving west. The paper eventually
goes to Washington, along with protests from the "non-rump" Indians. The
treaty does not get Senate approval.


March 17, 1853: Joel Palmer becomes superintendent of Indian Affairs in
Oregon . He guides the creation of the Oregon Indian reservations.


-------------


March 18, 1837: As a part of the treaty signed on March 6th, Seminole
Chief Mikanopy surrenders to General Jesup. He is prepared to move to
the Indian Territory (present day Oklahoma).


March 18, 1877: The "Battle of Yellow House Canyon" takes place near
modern Lubbock, Texas. It involves over 150 Quahadi Comanches led by
Black Horse, and about fifty local hunters. Black Horse had killed a
buffalo hunter who had shot and killed a large number of buffalo in the
area. Black Horse is infuriated by the slaughter of his tribe’s economic
mainstay. The buffalo hunters sneak up on Black Horse’s camp and attack
it in retaliation for the killing of the hunter. Some sources list this
as the last significant Indian fights in the Texas panhandle.


--------------


March 19, 1885: Louis Riel’s Metis establishes a government at Batoche.
They also declare themselves independent from Canada. This is a
significant event in “Riel’s Rebellion.”


March 19, 1851: According to the Costan internet site, one in a series
of treaties with California Indians is signed at Camp Fremont. These
treaties purports to set aside lands for the Indians and to protect them
from angry whites. The Americans are represented by George W. Barbour,
Redick McKee and Oliver M. Wozencraft.


----------


March 20, 1699: Continuing his exploration up the Mississippi River,
French explorer Pierre le Moyne d'Iberville visits the village of the
Houma Indians.



-----------


March 21, 1873: General Canby decides not to wait for the Modocs to meet
him and the peace commissioners at Fairchild Ranch. Instead, he leads a
small detachment to Captain Jack's lava bed stronghold. Jack agrees to
meet Canby and they discuss several matters. Canby promises to treat the
Modocs well if they come out of the lava beds. Captain Jack asks the
soldiers to leave, because all they want is to continue their normal
lives. With no headway being made on either side, the meeting breaks up.


March 21, 1842: General Zachary Taylor estimates that by this date,
2,833 Seminoles have relocated to the Indian Territory (present day
Oklahoma).


------------


March 22, 1803: On March 12th, the American fur-trading ship “Boston”
anchored in Nootka Sound on Vancouver Island. The crew began trading
with the Nootka Indians. Today, the ship’s captain insults a Nootka
Chief. The Nootka attack the ship’s crew. Only two crew members survive.


March 22, 1622: Opechancanough is Chief of the Pamunkey Indians. They
are part of the Powhatan Confederacy. They attack the English today,
Good Friday, at Jamestown. An Indian, named Chanco, warns his
step-father, Richard Pace, of the impending attack. While the town is
warned, the outer settlements suffer the brunt of the attack. 347 of the
1,240 English are killed in the fighting. This is the first large
"massacre" by Indians in North America.


----------


March 23, 1859: Fort Stockton, in west Texas, is established on the San
Antonio-El Paso road where it crosses the Comanche war trail. The fort
is named in honor of Commodore Robert Stockton, "who captured California
for the United States". The fort is abandoned by U.S. Army troops,
during the Civil War, until 1867. It is permanently abandoned on June
30, 1886.


March 23, 1889: President Benjamin Harrison says part of Oklahoma will
be opened to the public.


-----------


March 24, 706: As part of a series of attacks on neighboring cities in
Guatemala, Maya warriors from Naranjo attack Yootz.


March 24, 1617: King James I, of England, decides the Indians of
Virginia must be educated. He directs the Anglican church to collect
funds to build churches and schools.


-----------


March 25, 1839: Peter Hilderbrand, and 1,312 of his original group of
1,776 forced Cherokee emigrants arrive in the Indian Territory (present
day Oklahoma). This is the last of the major groups of arriving
Cherokees in the Indian Territory. The migration is called "the Trail of
Tears.” Although figures vary according to the source, it is believed
almost 12,000 Cherokees survived the emigration. Almost 4,000 died
during the move.


----------


March 26, 1676: The English attack Chief Canonchet, and his Narraganset
followers, at Patuxet. Many of the English are killed in the fighting.


March 26, 1777: Henry Hamilton is the British Lieutenant Governor of
Detroit. He receives orders to dispatch his Indian allies against
American settlers in Ohio.


-------------


March 27, 1756: Lieutenant Gaspard-Joseph Chaussegros de Lééry is
leading a force of 251 Canadians and 103 Iroquois, Abenaki and Nepissing
Indians. They attack the British garrison of seventy soldiers at Fort
Bull (also called Wood Creek Fort) near modern Rome, New York. All but
twenty-eight of the soldiers are killed in the fighting. Knowing
reinforcements will soon be arriving from nearby Fort William, Lééry
leaves soon after destroying most of the fort’s supplies. Due to the
vicious nature of the fighting, the British call this the “Massacre at
Fort Bull.”        


March 27, 1814: East of modern Alexander City, Alabama, Andrew Jackson,
and 2000 whites, Cherokees, Choctaws and "White Stick" Creeks, discover
a fort built at the village of Tohopeka on a Horseshoe Bend in the
Tallapoosa River, by " Red Stick" Creeks. The Red Stick Creeks are
anti-white, the White Stick Creeks are pro-white. Jackson attacks the
800 to 1,000 Red Stick Creeks, led by Chief Menewa. The Creek village
and defenses covered approximately 100 acres on the peninsula made by
the bend in the river. To cross the river, Jackson's Cherokee allies,
led by Chief Junaluska, swim the river to steal Creek canoes. Jackson's
forces eventually set fire to the Red Stick Creeks' wooden barricade. In
the end, only about fifty of the Red Stick Creeks survive the battle.
Jackson's forces lose forty-nine soldiers and twenty-three warriors
killed, and 157 soldiers and forty-seven warriors wounded. Jackson's
forces capture approximately 300 women and children. The Red Stick Creek
leader William Weatherford is not at the battle. Weatherford will turn
himself in later. This defeat leads to the Treaty of Horseshoe Bend
signed on August 9, 1814, whereby the Creeks gave up twenty-three
million acres of land to the United States.


-----------


March 28, 1833: Several Seminoles have been sent to Indian Territory
(present day Oklahoma) to look over the areas proposed as their new
lands. The Seminoles in Indian Territory were only sent to look at the
land, but the government has them sign an agreement that the land is
adequate, and to commit the Seminoles to removal. The agreement is
signed at Fort Gibson, in western Oklahoma and is called the Fort Gibson
Treaty (7 stat. 423). The Payne's Landing Treaty (7 stat. 368) of May 9,
1832 stated the Seminoles have to be satisfied with the report of the
delegation to Indian Territory, before they agree to move. The
government words the new agreement so that the Seminoles in Florida do
not get to discuss the matter. While the Seminole delegation is
satisfied with the lands, and being with their former kin, the Creeks,
they are not satisfied with the proximity of the belligerent plains
Indians. Upon the return of the delegation to Florida, the Seminole
Nation repudiates the agreement, with the exception of John Blunt, and
his Apalachicola followers. The enforcement of this illegal treaty by
the American government leads to the start of the Second Seminole War.


March 28, 1676: After attacking a military group near the town two days
before, King Philip's forces attack the village of Rehoboth,
Massachusetts. While most of the townspeople survive in barricaded
homes, most of the town is razed.


---------


March 29, 1542: Hernando de Soto's expedition reaches the territory of
the Anilco Indians. As with many of his previous encounters, a battle is
fought.               


March 29, 1542: Hernando de Soto's expedition reaches the territory of
the Anilco Indians. As with many of his previous encounters, a battle is
fought.


-----------


March 30, 1824: Southern officials feel that the U.S. government should
remove the Indians from their states. Georgia asks President James
Monroe to remove the Indians based on an agreement whereby Georgia
released western lands it claimed, to the United States. Monroe says the
U.S. government is not required to do so, "Indian title was in no way
affected by the compact with Georgia."



March 30, 1870: Based on the Congressional Act of April 8th, 1864, and
today's Executive Order by President Grant, Round Valley Reservation is
established in Mendicino County, California. It one day houses Clear
Lake, Concow, Little Lake, Nomelaki, Pit River, Potter Valley, Redwood,
Wailaki, and Yuki Tribes, in fifty and a half square miles.


----------


March 31, 1885: According to the Oklahoma Law Enforcement Memorial,
Captain Thomas Cloud and Officer Sam Cudgo, are part of a Seminole
Lighthorse posse. On Mar29, the posse attempted to arrest Rector Roberts
when he barricaded himself in a hut and opens fire on the posse. The
first shot hits Officer Cudgo in the stomach and the next bullet strikes
Captain Cloud in the left leg. The rest of the posse returns fire and
kills Roberts. Officer Cudgo dies within the hour on March 29th. Captain
Cloud dies today.


March 31, 1882: The Havasupai Reservation boundaries, in Arizona, are
modified.



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========================



That's it for this newsletter.

Stay safe,

Phil Konstantin
http://americanindian.net


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End of Phil Konstantin's March 2013 Newsletter
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Four of the five books I have worked on. I either wrote, co-wrote, or contributed to each of these beeks

This is the cover to my first book. 
Click here to got more info, or to order a copy. Click on the cover to order a copy or to get more info.
This Day in North American Indian History
This Day in North American Indian History is a one-of-a-kind, vastly entertaining and informative book covering over 5000 years of North American Indian history, culture, and lore. Wide-ranging, it covers over 4,000 important events involving the native peoples of North America in a unique day-by-day format.

The thousands of entries in This Day in North American Indian History weave a compelling and comprehensive mosaic of North American Indian history spanning more than five millennia-every entry an exciting opening into the fascinating but little- known history of American Indians.

Over 100 photographs and illustrations - This book has 480 pages, weighs 2.2 pounds and is 8" by 9.5" in size. The Dates, Names and "Moons" section of these pages are based on the book.

This is the cover to my 4th book. 
Click here to got more info, or to order a copy or to get more info.
This is the cover to my 4th book. Click here to got more info, or to order a copy or to get more info."


Native American History For Dummies

I wrote six of the twenty-four chapters in this book. I am credited with being the technical editor. Book Description:
Native American History For Dummies introduces readers to the thousand-year-plus history of the first inhabitants of North America and explains their influence on the European settlement of the continent. Covering the history and customs of the scores of tribes that once populated the land, this friendly guide features vivid studies of the lives of such icons as Pocahontas, Sitting Bull, and Sacagawea; discusses warfare and famous battles, offering new perspectives from both battle lines; and includes new archaeological and forensic evidence, as well as oral histories that show events from the perspective of these indigenous peoples. The authors worked in concert with Native American authorities, institutions, and historical experts to provide a wide range of insight and information.
This is the cover to my 3rd book. 
Click here to got more info, or to order a copy or to get more info.
This is the cover to my 3rd book. Click here to got more info, or to order a copy or to get more info
Treaties With American Indians I wrote an article and several appendix items for this book.
Clips from a review on Amazon.com: *Starred Review* In the 93 years from 1778 until 1871, there were more than 400 treaties negotiated by Indian agents and government officials. Editor Fixico and more than 150 contributors have crafted a three volume comprehensive tool that will soon become essential for anyone interested in the topic. A resource section with lists of ?Alternate Tribal Names and Spellings,? ?Tribal Name Meanings,? (<---- I wrote this part) Treaties by Tribe,? and ?Common Treaty Names? and a bibliography and comprehensive index are repeated in each volume. This impressive set has a place in any academic library that supports a Native American studies or American history curriculum. It is the most comprehensive source of information on Canadian-Indian treaties and U.S.-Indian treaties. Also available as an e-book.

"The Wacky World of Laws"
It was just released in May 2009.
The Wacky World of Laws. Click on the cover to order a copy or to get more info.

The Wacky World of Laws is a compilation of U.S. and International Laws that are out of the ordinary. With the U.S. churning out 500,000 new laws every year and 2 million regulations annually, this book is the ideal go-to book fro everyone who wants a good laugh at the expense of our legal system. Law so often can be boring! Now with The Wacky World of Laws, you can be the hit of any water cooler conversation, and amaze your friends with precious legal nuggets.

I wrote most of this book. It is my fifth book.


(copyright, © Phil Konstantin, 1996-2013)






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