March 2008 Newsletter from
"This Day in North American Indian History"
by Phil Konstantin
Copyright © Phil Konstantin (1996-2010)

Click Here To Return To The Previous Website

Start of Phil Konstantin's March 2008 Newsletter - Part 1


Wow, it is already March 2008. And, I was just getting used to

I hope things are going well for you. My family has stayed
pretty busy. The roof in my garage continues to leak. I finally
got a couple of bids on a repair job. Ouch!

Sarah, my youngest daughter, is recovering from surgery to her
spine. She had a couple of vertebrae fused together. This is
the same surgery I had almost three years ago. We hope this
will relieve some of the constant pain that she faces. She
also has arthritis and a few other problems. She is very
frustrated at not being able to get around much. She hopes to
be able to go back to work in the next few months.

I have continued to add additional images and designs to the new online
shop I've established. The easiest way to see all of the designs is to
click the link below and then click on the "Design"
tab. That will show you each of the designs. Clicking on anything there
will show you what products are available with that design.
Some of them have turned out very nicely. You can look all over
the store without buying anything. No hard sales pitch here...

Here is the direct link to the store.

If you are a new subscriber to this newsletter, you will notice
that any e-mail addresses listed below have spaces in them on
either side of the @ sign, That is because the program which
creates this newsletter will often leave out a letter in e-mail
addresses. That is what I get for using the free version.
Ha-ha. Just delete the spaces to use any of the e-mail addresses.




For March, I have several "Links Of The Month." There is some
conflict in northern California about which group should get
federal recognition. I am not taking sides in this issue. Here
are links to a couple of the groups in the area. The listing
are from each of the websites.

Stop Wintu Fraud

This Blogg Was Created As A Forum To Address to the Varied
Issues Surrounding the Connections Between Tribal Fractionization
and Delayed Federal Recognition for the Now Several Bands that
Exist Today Representing the Wintu Tribe of Shasta and Trinity Counties.


This website is dedicated to all the real Pitt River Indians.
Here we don’t claim to tell the truth. We actually do. We
don’t have to take over anything in a hostile manner because
we were actually elected by the Pit River Membership.


Wintu Tribe of Northern California
& Toyon-Wintu Center
35 76 Oasis Rd
Redding, CA 96003


Thank you for visiting the Official Home of the Winnemem
Wintu Tribe. By following the links on this site, you will
be able to visit with us: see our history, culture,
traditions and people.


The "Treat of the Month" for March is the TREATY WITH THE
PONCA, 1858. Mar. 12, 1858. | 12 Stats., 997. | Ratified
Mar. 8, 1859. | Proclaimed Apr. 11, 1859.

Articles of agreement and convention made and concluded at
the city of Washington, on the twelfth day of March, one
thousand eight hundred and fifty-eight, by Charles E. Mix, commissioner
on the part of the United States, and
Wa-gah-sah-pi, or Whip; Gish-tah-wah-gu, or Strong Walker;
Mitchell P. Cera, or Wash-kom-moni; A-shno-ni-kah-gah-hi,
or Lone Chief; Shu-kah-bi, or Heavy Clouds; Tah-tungah-nushi,
or Standing Buffalo, on the part of the Ponca tribe of
Indians; they being thereto duly authorized and empowered
by said tribe.


There is an interesting TV program about Buffalo Bill
which is available online...

Buffalo Bill on PBS's American Experience


Information requests:

If you can help, please contact these people directly:


Hello, my name is Eileen Thomas. I am a Girl Scout leader in Fishkill,
New York and hoping you can help me. We have our annual camp out in
May and this year's theme is Pow Wow. We are looking for activities
that the girls (all ages) can do/participate in. I would also like to
give them information on the American Indian History of our area but I
have not been able to really find anything. Any suggestions or
assistance you could offer would be greatly appreciated! Thank you for
your time.


eileenk13 @



What is an "Native American"

Anishna niigee? (How are you my friend?) My name is Timothy
A. Johns, Turtle Clan of the Delaware Nation. I was born in
the city of Farmington Hills, Michigan. My Mother and
Grandparents were born in Canada. I have status with the
Delaware First Nation at Moraviantown Ontario, Canada. My
wife Dora M. Johns, Crane Clan of the Ojibwa (Anishinabe),
was also born in Detroit, Michigan and has status at the
Walpole Island First Nation Ontario, Canada. Her Mother and Grandfather
were also born in Canada. Her Grandmother was
born in the United States, a member of the Saginaw Chippewa.
As you may know the Three Fires People (Anishinabe) are
scattered all over Turtle Island, as are the Delaware
(Lenape). The British and American Governments put a line
through our lands.

The Delaware Nation was one of the first nations to encounter
the Europeans in the 1600s. Delaware (the first state), New
Jersey, Pennsylvania, and southern parts of New York were
the Delaware's Traditional lands. Even Washington, DC was
a part of Delaware country. By the late 1700s the Delaware
were spread out all over what is now Ohio and Indiana,
displaced by American land greed. In the mid 1800s the main
body of the Delaware Nation were living at the White River
Village in Indiana. Once again, American advancement pushed
the Delaware to Kansas for a short time, then to Oklahoma
where a large number of Delaware live today.

In 1782 my band in which was predominately Christian called
the Moravian Delaware, were living in what is today Ohio with Christian
Missionaries. An American Army looking for
"hostile Indians" came across their peaceful villages, and
massacred 96 (mostly women and children) Christian Delaware
at Gnadenhutten. They then fled to the area just north of
what is today Detroit, MI. After about 10 years of living
along the Clinton River, in today's city of Mount Clemens,
MI. My ancestors, upon hearing about an American Force
ready to attack Detroit, once again fled. This time crossing
the Detroit River and into what would become Canada. In
1792, the Moravian Band of Delaware settled on the Thames
River in what is today Southern Ontario, Canada.

Today I’m a respected pipe carrier and have been Powwow
dancing ever since I was a kid. I have and use Eagle parts
for both my ceremonies and powwow dancing. I heard about
the Federal Agents harassing Natives for permits to posses
Eagle parts. So doing the right thing I sent in a request
for a permit to the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service National
Eagle Repository. They turned me down on the grounds that
I’m not a "Native American" or "a part of a Federally
recognized Tribe." I contacted the Bureau of Indian Affairs
and was told the same. I don't know who can help us, but
I think there's something wrong here. I’m an American citizen,
as is my wife. We were born in the United States of America
and can prove we are members of a Federally recognized
Tribe. Although our bands are in Canada, our Tribes are on
both sides of the imaginary line called "the border." Why
are we not "Native American?"

Many people from all over the world have migrated to this
country, they are all recognized as "Americans," Mexican
Americans, Arab Americans, German Americans, Irish Americans,
Polish Americans, African Americans, and so on. Do any other
American citizen’s have to have a “status card” to prove
who they are? My ancestors occupied these lands for thousands
of years before they became known as the United States &
Canada. I just don't understand how the Federal government
can say that we are not "Native American." With all the
history my tribe has with this country.

When I was a teenager, back in 1980s, I contacted Haskall
Indian Nations University in Kansas, in regard to attending
classes. They told me that I wasn't an "Native American,"
and wasn't eligible to attend their school, because I was
from a Canadian Tribe. I let it go at that time although
it made me mad. Than recently when requesting eagle feathers
and was denied. I started to think, if they don't regard
us as a Native Americans, what about other services provided
to native people. We were born in the United States of
America and we are native to North America.

One day I asked a cousin of mine who lives on the reserve
in Canada, and is a lawyer, about our hunting and fishing
rights in Ontario. He said "owa that's a touchy subject,
because we are originally from the states and don't want to
anger the Canadian government." He said that "in the late
1800s they were going to kick us out of Canada, so we don't
want to start trouble today." I though that sounded crazy,
here in the 2000s, scared to be kicked out of Canada? Huh,
just think we are considered refugees in Canada, and not
even recognized in our own original home lands. I remember
an elder saying "I was not born in America, it was born on
my land."

Timothy A. Johns (Delaware Nation)
20470 Woodworth                                                         
Redford Twp. MI. 48240-1128                                        



(Posted as FYI only, use your judgment before participating)

Employment Opportunity: The Eiteljorg Museum of American
Indians and Western Art seeks a dynamic individual to serve
as Curator of Native American Art, History, and Culture. At
a minimum, applicants must have a master's degree in ethno
history, anthropology, art history or other relevant fields
and significant museum experience with substantial engagement
with Native peoples and organizations. They must have
demonstrable expertise in Native North American art, material
culture and history. The person in this position will manage
the Native American Department, actively develop and interpret
the collection of cultural objects, lead the institution in
matters related to NAGPRA, manage work with the Native American Advisory
Council and serve as liaison with Native American individuals,
communities, and organizations. In leading the department, they will
also be an effective team member engaged
with all levels of the institution. The successful applicant
must be a skilled communicator and active contributor to
the field through publications and presentations. The person
hired will be in a position to recruit and hire an assistant
curator to support their efforts. All resumes and references
should be sent to: iteljorg Museum, Attention: HR Manager,
500 West Washington St., Indianapolis, IN 46204 or emailed to personnel
@ or faxed to (317) 275-1430 by
April 4, 2008.


CALL FOR PAPERS Ninth Annual CIC American Indian Studies
Consortium Graduate Student Conference and Paper Competition
Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana April 3-5, 2008
Deadline for receipt of abstracts and prize competition papers
is March 15, 2008.

Graduate students from CIC institutions are encouraged to
present papers in any academic field relating to American
Indian Studies. To be included in the program please submit
a title and 50-75 word abstract.

To enter the competition, submit two copies of your paper.
All competitors must present their papers at the conference.
Four cash prizes will be awarded: First place $100,
Second place $50, Third place (2 awarded) $50.

Students are not required to enter the prize competition to
present a paper. If you are not competing, you need only
send your title and abstract.

Submit Abstracts and Papers to:
Gail S. Terry, Assistant Director
D'Arcy McNickle Center for American Indian History
The Newberry Library
60 West Walton St.
Chicago, IL 60610
Email: terryg @

ccommodation details are posted at



Houston, TX – for immediate release

A first-ever gathering of American Indian Nations featuring a
trans-global conference of tribal leaders to be held at Disney
World in Orlando, Florida, on August 20-23 has been announced
by the Native American Chamber of Commerce in Houston. Some
3,000 Indians from the U.S and Canada are expected to
celebrate this event in dance, song, sports, food and golf.

The four-day event will feature prominent leaders and native celebrities
from many of the 565 Indian Nations recognized
by the federal government, as well as many from Canada and
the Americas .

Major U.S. firms practicing social responsibility and supporting
diversity, such as Lockheed Martin, Wal-Mart, IBM, Marathon Oil,
UPS and BNSF are among the dozens of U.S. Corporations signed
up to sponsor the event. All proceeds less expenses will go
to education and native achievement centers.

In what may also be a first for the Native American, the
inaugural day of the event will feature presidential candidates invited
to speak about their positions regarding native
sovereignty and rights at a formal dinner for tribal leaders
and prime sponsors.

“Given the many challenges facing the American Indian and
Alaskan Native today – unemployment, poverty, education,
housing, contaminated lands – it will be important for our
next president to clearly speak to an agenda which will
address these needs,” said Carroll Cocchia, Chamber President.

In the following days, the Indian pageant will feature a
special day for native business people and entrepreneurs to
do what Indians have done from time immemorial – trade. A
third day will feature native skateboarding. A final day
showcases a huge selection of Native dancers, drummers, story
tellers, artists, craftsmen and native foods to celebrate the
depth and breadth of the Indian culture.

Inquiries can be addressed by email to Carroll Cocchia:
cocchia1 @


Intersecting Interests: Tribal Knowledge and Research
Communities This year's Intersecting Interests: Tribal
Knowledge and Research Communities gathering will take the
form of a Conference for approximately 300 participants from
Montana and the nation, April 16-17, 2008 during the week
of the 40th Annual Kyi-O Pow Wow festivities at the University
of Montana Campus . Workshops will be offered in two tracks:
1) Tribal Knowledge and Proactive Guardianship; and
2) Academic Communities and Research in Indian Country.
Deadline: 4/1/08


Call for topics for the 2008 Sequoyah Research Center Annual
Symposium This year’s symposium will be held from October
16-18 at the University of Arkansas, and the organizers are
asking for paper and presentation topics on subjects that are
of interest to Native communities. Topics on every aspect of
Native life are welcome; however, this year's special theme
is "The New Faces of an Ancient People; Emerging American
Indian Studies Research from Indian Country". Topics are due
by the end of March 2008 to John Sanchez at apache @
The sessions are primarily informal, thus presenters are asked
to speak on their topics rather than read their papers.
Deadline: 3/31/08
Website: http:/


2008 SACNAS National Conference - Now Accepting Calls for
Proposals You are invited to present a session at the 2008
SACNAS National Conference! We encourage you to submit a Session
Proposal through our online system so that you can contribute t
o the richness of our 2008 conference. Proposals for sessions
in the following categories are requested:
1) Scientific Symposia
2) Professional Development Sessions
3) Precollege Teacher Workshops
4) Preconference Events
5) Special Interest Forums
6) Receptions

Visit the Call for Proposals section on our website to
complete your online submission.

The deadline for Session Proposals is March 20, 2008.
Deadline: 3/20/08


SACNAS Travel Scholarship Deadline - May 1
SACNAS encourages 2008 National Conference participants to take
advantage of available travel scholarships!! The Student Travel
Scholarship application deadline (formerly Financial Aid) is
May 1, 2008. Travel Scholarships consist of paid expenses for
lodging and travel (airfare) to the conference. Applicants must
be current SACNAS members (current through 10/15/2008). Please
see our website for further information.
Deadline: 5/1/08


2008 Malspina Complex and Sunshine Coast Field School Burnaby Surrey | Vancouver

In June and July 2008, Simon Fraser University and Tla'Amin
First Nation will embark on the first year of a collaborative
heritage program focused on both the Tla'Amin Reserve on the
Sunshine Coast and the Malaspina Complex, in the heart of
Tla'Amin First Nation Territory ( While
the Tla'Amin have extensive oral knowledge about their
history, this area is largely unknown from an archaeological
perspective. The project creates an exceptional opportunity
for bringing together oral traditions with information from
archaeological and archival investigations.

The project will be conducted in the context of SFU's summer
field school as well as elder and youth programs being
conducted by the Tla'Amin. On the SFU side, the project will
be directed by Dana Lepofsky and John R. Welch. Together,
John and Dana have over 30 years of archaeological and other
heritage experience working with and for First Nations
communities, including 20 years spent directing field schools.

As community consultations concerning every aspect of the
project will continue to unfold, the effort is being guided
by commitments to people, place, learning, and capacity
building. Our over-arching goals are:

1. To form a meaningful partnership between Tla'Amin First
Nation and the Department of Archaeology, Simon Fraser
University, and other partners.
2. To explore and enhance knowledge about Tla'Amin lands
and heritage through archaeological site identification, documentation,
and investigation.
3. To train Tla'Amin youth and SFU students in archaeology
and heritage stewardship.
4. To increase awareness of and knowledge about Tla'Amin
history both within the Tla'Amin community and in regional,
academic, and resource management communities.
5. To encourage the exchange of heritage knowledge and
experiences between Tla'Amin elders and Tla'Amin youth.
6. To advance to Tla'Amin goals of self-governance and

We have planned an ambitious field season which will evolve
around two main components:

1. Excavation of an archaeological site on the Tla'Amin Reserve
just north of Powell River. We are interested in tracing the
full range of land uses in an area easily accessible to
Tla'Amin members and guests. To do this, we will start by
excavating one site that is meaningful to the community. In conjunction
with this excavation, we will consult with elders
and written records about how the site and surrounding area
was used. This combination of information will provide a rich
and detailed history of one portion of the Tla'Amin
traditional territory. Throughout this summer, we will be
offering tours of the excavation to local schools groups and
to visitors from Tla'Amin, Powell River, and Lund.

2. A mapping program of archaeological sites in the Malaspina
Complex (including Lancelot Inlet, Malaspina Inlet, Okeover
Inlet, Theodosia Inlet and outlying islands in the vicinity
of Grace Harbour). This area is extraordinarily rich in number
and kind of archaeological sites, including fish traps, major
and minor residential settlements, pictographs, clam gardens,
and refuge sites. Not surprisingly, this area is of great
heritage importance to the Tla'Amin and many of the Tla'Amin
elders have a strong connection to the main settlement at
Grace Harbour. Over 50 sites have been recorded here, but
little is known about their specific attributes and all
require improved documentation. Further, since there has been
no systematic archaeological survey of this region, many
sites are undoubtedly unrecorded. We will make maps of sites
and dig "cores" into select sites to get charcoal to get an
estimate of site age.

Admission to the field school is by application to the Department
of Archaeology. Application forms are available here. Students
must meet the following prerequisites (or equivalents): Arch
131, 201, and one Group I course (Arch 372, 373, 376, 471).
Admission is based upon a ranking of the applicants using four criteria:
1) cumulative grade point average; 2) total credits;
3) number of courses in archaeology; 4) references. Please note
that we will be camping in a remote area and sometimes surveying through
thickly forested or steep terrain. If you have any
concerns about your abilities to participate in the field work,
or any other questions about the course, please contact Dana
(dlepofsk @ or John (welch @ Application
deadline is 7 March 2008. The admit list will be posted by
student number on MPX 9611 by 14 March 2008.


D~Q University Support Day
Community Potluck & Meeting
March 8th, 2008

Supporters of D~Q University Past and Present
Elders, former students of D~Q, Community Members,
Members of the Original Occupation of D~Q, friends of D~Q
come and support D~Q as we work towards the future of
California's only Indiginous University !

9:00 am ~ 11:30 am
Cultural Performances
(Sponsored by AIM West)
Dancers / Drums invited to participate

11:30 am
Potluck Lunch ~ Please bring a dish to share

12:00 pm ~ 5:00 pm
Community Meeting
Please Attend ~ We Need Your Support

33250 Country Rd. 31
Davis, Calif.
(Between Davis and Winter)

For More Information Contact:
Tony Gonzalez at 1(415) 577~1492
Chris Yazzie at 1(530) 554~8377

www.myspace. com/dquniversity


Descendants of Freedmen Association, Freedmen Band of Cherokee
nation and Project A Corporation will host a Treaty rights demonstration
in front of Oklahoma Congressman Dan Borens
Muskogee Office at 431 W Broadway, Muskogee Oklahoma on
Friday February 29th 2008 between 3pm and 5pm.

Boren has been publically outspoken against legislation such
as HR 2824 which ties Cherokee nation federal funding to
continuing freedmen tribal citizenship. A statement of Support
by Oklahoma State NAACP President Anthony Douglas will be read
to the attendants as well as the National NAACP resolution
supporting HR 2824 which was passed in 2007.

All who support Freedmen treaty rights are invited to take
part in the Demonstration. The attendants will pass out
literature on the freedmen issue. Additionally, Oklahoma
voter applications as well as Cherokee nation citizen voter applications
will be available for distribution.

A recent column on Freedmen issues by Marilyn Vann was
published in the Muskogee Phoenix:

We are introducing you to a new website focusing on Creek Freedmen
issues which was started in February 2008

Our next Descendants of Freedmen Association meeting will
be on March 15, 2008 in Muskogee Oklahoma at the Faith
Deliverance Christian Center, 901 D Street Muskogee Oklahoma
beginning at 1:30pm. That meeting will be followed by a
meeting of the Freedmen band of Cherokee nation. Both meetings
are free and open to the general public.

Marilyn Vann
President - Descendants of Freedmen Association


Free Film Screening and Los Angeles County Premiere:
March 7th, 2008 at 8:00pm
"Our Land, Our Life: The Struggle for Western Shoshone
Land Rights"**
Location: California State University, Long Beach
University Theater
(Parking Lot 7 - South end of campus off 7th St.)

This free film screening is co-sponsored by the following:
California State University, Long Beach's American Indian
Studies and Film and Electronic Arts Departments; Center for
the First Amendment Studies (http://www.csulb. edu/~crsmith/ 1amendment.
html ); KPFK (http://www.kpfk. org ) FM 90.7 Los
Angeles, FM 98.7 Santa Barbara and American Indian Airwaves.
For more information call (562) 434-4892,
email at: burnt.swamp @, or visit .
KPFK is the sole media sponsor of this event.

**This 2007 multi, award-winning documentary, "Our Land, Our
Life," directed by George and Beth Gage, details Western Shoshone Elders
Carrie and Mary Dann's 30-year struggle to protect their traditional
ways of life and ancestral homelands from mining degradation in a battle
that went to the United States Supreme
Court and beyond to the United Nations. Trailer at:
com/watch? v=JJ2N9-n- ka0


Office of the Special Trustee to Hold Meeting on Indian Trust

You're Invited...

...To join us for an informative discussion about the management
of your trust assets.

Questions about beneficiaries who might have money in the
Whereabouts Unknown (WAU) accounts, Land issues, probates, Indian Trust
Assets and Individual Indian Money (IIM) account.

The United States Department of the Interior's Office of the
Special Trustee for American Indians (OST) and Bureau of Indian Affairs
((BIA), along with the California Indian Legal Services
(CILS) and the Social Security Administration (SSA) invites you
to an outreach meeting on Indian Trust.

Date: March 05, 2008 (Wednesday)
Time: 10:00 am - 1:00 pm
Location: Friendship House Association of American Indians
56 Julian Avenue (Near 16th & Mission BART stop)
-Refreshments will be served-

For additional information, please contact:
The OST Beneficiary Call Center at 1-888-678-6836.
http://www.doi. gov/ost


*Shut up and Speak: Gathering Tools to Live our Languages
March 17, 18, and 19, 2008
Humboldt State University

Registration is FREE and we have reserved hotel rooms for
special rates for our out of town guests. You’ll find the
hotel information on the Registration Form.

Please find that I have attached our Conference Registration
Form to this email. One document is a PDF and the other is in
Word. Choose whichever document you are most comfortable working
with and that is compatible with your computer. If you have a
problem opening either one of them please let me know. You need
only fill out one of the attached Registration Forms and return
it to me to complete your registration. Also, please be sure
that each person who plans on attending the Conference completes
a Registration Form and returns it to me as well.

Please return your Registration Form to me by March 7, 2008 to
ensure your place at the Conference. Email your Registration
Form to: matkins @ liveyourlanguagealliance. org.
Mail your Registration Form to: Live Your Language Alliance,
Attn: Conference Registration, P.O. Box 334, Arcata, CA 95518

If you have any questions, concerns, need further information,
have document difficulties, etc., please do not hesitate to
contact me.

We really appreciate your interest in the Live Your Language
Alliance 2008 Language Conference and look forward to seeing
you soon!

------------ --------- --------- --------- --------- --------- -
------------ --------- --------- ----
* This term was chosen not as an intent to offend but rather
as an attempt to challenge people to make a commitment to
developing the skills, knowledge, and resources needed to
preserve the vitality of our Native languages and to speak
them in our daily lives.
------------ --------- --------- --------- --------- --------- -
------------ --------- --------- ----
Marnie Atkins
Live Your Language Alliance
P.O. Box 334
Arcata, CA 95518
Cell: (707) 672-4621


His Final Message to Mankind

From Hotevilla, Arizona, USA

Dan Evehema, Eldest Elder

I am very glad to have this time to send a message to you. We
are celebrating a time in our history which is both filled with
joy and sadness.

I am very glad that our Hindu brothers have given us this
opportunity to share these feelings with you because we know
many of you are having the same troubles.

We Hopi believe that the human race has passed through three
different worlds and life ways since the beginning. At the end
of each prior world, human life has been purified or punished
by the Great Spirit "Massauu" due mainly to corruption, greed,
and turning away from the Great Spirit's teachings.

The last great destruction was the flood which destroyed all but
a few faithful ones who asked and received a permission from
the Great Spirit to live with Him in this new land.

The Great Spirit said, "It is up to you, if you are willing
to live my poor, humble, and simple life way. It is hard but
if you agree to live according to my teachings and instructions,
if you never lose faith in the life I shall give you, you may
come and live with me."

The Hopi and all who were saved from the great flood made a
sacred covenant with the Great Spirit at that time. We Hopi
made an oath that we will never turn away from Him. For us the Creator's
laws never change or break down. To the Hopi the G
reat Spirit is all powerful.

He appeared to the first people as a man and talked with them
in the beginning of this creation world. He taught us how to
live, to worship, where to go and what food to carry, gave us
seeds to plant and harvest. He gave us a set of sacred stone
tablets into which He breathed all teachings in order to
safeguard his land and life.

In these stone tablets were made, instructions and prophecies
and warnings. This was done with the help of a Spider woman
and Her two grandsons. They were wise and powerful helpers of the Great

Before the Great Spirit went into hiding, He and Spider woman
put before the leaders of the different groups of people many
colors and sizes of corn for them to choose their food in this
world. The Hopi was the last to pick and then choose their
food in this world. The Hopi then chose the smallest ear of corn.

Then Massauu said, "You have shown me you are wise and humble.
For this reason you will be called Hopi (people of peace) and
I will place in your authority all land and life to guard,
protect, and hold trust for Me until I return to you in later
days for I am the First and the Last."

This why when a Hopi is ordained into the higher religious
order, the earth and all living things are placed upon his
hands. He becomes a parent to all life on earth. He is
entitled to advise and correct his children in whatever
peaceful way he can. So we can never give up knowing that
our message of peace will reach our children. Then it is
together with the other spiritual leaders the destiny of
our future children is placed.

We are instructed to hold this world in balance within the
land and the many universes with special prayers and ritual
which continue to this day.

It was to the Spider woman's two grandsons the sacred stone
tablets were given. These two brothers were then instructed
to carry them to a place the Great Spirit had instructed them.
The older brother was to go immediately to the east, to the
rising sun and upon reaching his destination was instructed
to immediately start to look for his younger brother who
shall remain in the land of the Great Spirit.

The Older brothers mission when he returned was to help his
younger brother (Hopi) bring obout peace, brotherhood and
everlasting life on his return. Hopi, the younger brother,
was instructed to cover all land and mark it well with
footprints and sacred markings to claim this land for the
Creator and peace on earth.

We established our ceremonials and sacred shrines to hold
this world in balance in accordance with our first promise
to the Creator. This is how our migration story goes, until
we meet the Creator at Old Oribe (place that solidifies) over
1000 years ago.

It was at that meeting when he gave to us these prophecies to
give to you now at this closing of the Fourth World of
destruction and the beginning of the Fifth World of peace.
He gave us many prophecies to pass on to you and all have come
to pass. This is how we know the timing is now to reveal the
last warnings and instructions to mankind.

We were told to settle permanently here in Hopi land where we
met the Great Spirit and wait for Older Brother who went east
to return to us. When he returns to this land he will place his
stone tablets side by side to show all the world that they are
our true brothers.

When the road in the sky has been fulfilled and when the
inventing of something, in Hopi means, gourd of ashes, a gourd
that when drops upon the earth will boil everything within a
large space and nothing will grow for a very long time.

When the leaders turned to evil ways instead of the Great
Spirit we were told there would be many ways this life may
be destroyed. If human kind does not heed our prophecy and
return to one's original spiritual instructions.

We were told of three helpers who were commissioned by the
Great Spirit to help Hopi bring about the peaceful life on
earth would appear to help us and we should not change our
homes, our ceremonials, our hair, because the true helpers
might not recognize us as the true Hopi.

So we have been waiting all these years.

It is known that our True White Brother, when he comes, will
be all powerful and will wear a red cap or red cloak. He will
be large in population, belong to no religion but his very own.
He will bring with him the sacred stone tablets. With him
there will be two great ones both very wise and powerful.

One will have a symbol or sign of swastika which represents
purity and is Female, a producer of life. The third one or
the second one of the two helpers to our True White Brother
will have a sign of a symbol of the sun. He, too, will be
many people and very wise and powerful. We have in our sacred
Kachina ceremonies a gourd rattle which is still in use today
with these symbols of these powerful helpers of our True

It is also prophesied that if these three fail to fulfill their mission
then the one from the west will come like a big storm.
He will be many, in numbers and unmerciful. When he comes he
will cover the land like the red ants and over take this land
in one day.

If the three helpers chosen by the Creator fulfill their
sacred mission and even if there are only one, two, or three
of the true Hopi remaining holding fast to the last ancient
teaching and instructions the Great Spirit, Massauu will
appear before all and our would will be saved.

The three will lay our a new life plan which leads to
everlasting life and peace. The earth will become new as it
was from the beginning. Flowers will bloom again, wild game
will return to barren lands and there will be abundance of
food for all. Those who are saved will share everything
equally and they all will recognize Great Spirit and speak
one language.

We are now faced with great problems, not only here but
throughout the land. Ancient cultures are being annihilated.
Our people's lands are being taken from them, leaving them
no place to call their own.

Why is this happening?

It is happening because many have given up or manipulated
their original spiritual teachings. The way of life which
the Great Spirit has given to all its people of the world,
whatever your original instructions are not being honored.
It is because of this great sickness called greed, which
infects every land and country that simple people are losing
what they have kept for thousands of years.

Now we are at the very end of our trail.

Many people no longer recognize the true path of the Great
Spirit. They have, in fact, no respect for the Great Spirit
or for our precious Mother Earth, who gives us all life. We
are instructed in our ancient prophecy that this would occur.

We were told that someone would try to go up to the moon:
that they would bring something back from the moon; and that
after that, nature would show signs of losing its balance.
Now we see that coming about.

All over the world there are now many signs that nature is no
longer in balance. Floods, drought, earthquakes, and great
storms are occurring and causing much suffering. We do not
want this to occur in our country and we pray to the Great
Spirit to save us from such things. But there are now signs
that this very same thing might happen very soon on our own

Now we must look upon each other as brothers and sisters. There
is no more time for divisions between people. Today I call upon
all of us, from right here at home, Hotevilla, where we to
are guilty of gossiping and causing divisions even among our
own families; out to the entire world where thievery, war, and
lying goes on every day. These divisions will not be our
salvation. Wars only bring more wars never peace.

Only by joining together in a Spiritual Peace with love in
our hearts for one another, love in our hearts for the Great
Spirit and Mother Earth, shall we be saved from the terrible
Purification Day which is just ahead.

There are many of you in this world who are honest people. We
know you spiritually for we are the "Men's Society
Grandfathers" who have been charged to pray for you and all
life on earth never forgetting anything or any one in our

Our prayer is to have a good happy life, plenty of soft gentle
rain for abundant crops. We pray for balance on earth to live
in peace and leave a beautiful world to the children yet to

We know you have good hearts but good hearts are not enough
to help us out with these great problems. In the past some of
you have tried to help us Hopis, and we will always be thankful
for you efforts. But now we need your help in the worst way.

We want the people of the world to know the truth of our
situation. This land which people call the Land of the Freedom
celebrates many days reminding people of the world of these
things. Yet in well over 200 years the original Americans
have not seen a free day.

We are suffering the final insult.

Our people are now losing the one thing which give life and
meaning of life -- our ceremonial land, which is being taken
away from us. Hotevilla is the last holy consecrated,
undisturbed traditional Native American sacred shrine to
the Creator. As the prophecy says, this sacred shrine must
keep its spiritual pathways open.

This village is the spiritual vortex for the Hopi to guide
the many awakening Native Americans and other true hearts
home to their own unique culture. Hotevilla was established
by the last remaining spiritual elders to maintain peace and
balance on this continent from the tip of South America up
to Alaska. Many of our friends say Hotevilla is a sacred
shrine, a national and world treasure and must be preserved.
We need your help.

Where is the freedom which you all fight for and sacrifice
your children for?

Is it only the Indian people who have lost or are all Americans
losing the very thing which you original came here to find?

We don't share the freedom of the press because what gets into
the papers is what the government wants people to believe, not
what is really happening. We have no freedom of speech, because
we are persecuted by our own people for speaking our beliefs.
We are at the final stages now and there is a last force that
is about to take away our remaining homeland.

We are still being denied many things including the rite to
be Hopis and to make our living in accordance with our religious
teachings. The Hopi leaders have warned leaders in the White
House and the leaders in the Glass House but they do not listen.
So as our prophecy says then it must be up to the people with
good pure hearts that will not be afraid to help us to fulfill
our destiny in peace for this world.

We now stand at a cross road whether to lead ourselves in
everlasting life or total destruction. We believe that human
beings spiritual power through prayer is so strong it decides
life on earth.

So many people have come to Hopiland to meet with us. Some of
you we have met on your lands. Many times people have asked
how they can help us. Now I hope and pray that your help will

If you have a way to spread the truth, through the newspapers,
radio, books, thought meeting with powerful people, tell the
truth! Tell them what you know to be true. Tell them what you
have seen here; what you have heard us say; what you have seen
with your own eyes. In this way, if we do fall, let it be said
that we tried, right up to the end, to hold fast to the path
of peace as we were originally instructed to do by the Great

Should you really succeed, we will all realize our mistakes of
the past and return to the true path-living in harmony as
brothers and sisters, sharing our mother, the earth with all
other living creatures. In this way we could bring about a new
world. A world which would be led by the great Spirit and our
mother will provide plenty and happiness for all.

God bless you, each one of you and know our prayers for peace
meet yours as the sun rises and sets. May the Great Spirit
guide you safely into the path of love, peace freedom and God
on this Earth Mother. May the holy ancestors of love and light
keep you safe in your land and homes. Pray for God to give
you something important to do in this great work which lies
ahead of us all to bring peace on earth.

We the Hopi still hold the sacred stone tablets and now await
the coming of our True White Brother and others seriously
ready to work for the Creator's peace on earth.

Be well, my children, and think good thoughts of peace and togetherness.
Peace for all life on earth and peace with one
another in our homes, families and countries. We are not so
different in the Creator's eyes. The same great Father Sun
shines his love on each of us daily just as Mother Earth
prepares the sustenance for our table, do they not?

We are one after all.


Contact: Adam McMullin at 202-466-7767 or
matkins @ liveyourlanguagealliance. org
Kitty Marx at 202-664-7885 or kmarx @
Geoffrey Roth at 202-544-0344 or groth @
U.S. Senate Passes Indian Health Care Improvement Act
Reauthorization A Monumental Step in Improving Health Care
for Native Americans

WASHINGTON—February 26 2008—After nine years of negotiations,
with resounding bi-partisan support the U.S. Senate finally
affirmed its commitment to health care for Native Americans,
passing the Indian Health Care Improvement Act of 2007
(S. 1200) in a 83-10 vote. Indian Country now takes this
strong show of support onto the U.S House of Representatives
for swift passage. "It's about time and I applaud the Senate
for this historic vote" said National Congress of American
Indians President Joe A. Garcia. "Federal prisoners continue
to receive better health care than Native people and this is
a major step in reversing that alarming statistic. I
encourage swift consideration in the U.S. House so that we
can begin to bring modernized health services to Native
people this year." There are massive disparities in Indian
health care when compared to the general population: American
Indians and Alaska Natives face dramatically higher diagnosis
rates and overall death rates from many chronic illnesses
including diabetes, heart disease, and cancer than their
non-Indian counterparts. "We have been working for nearly
ten years to reauthorize the bill" said Sally Smith, Chairman
of the National Indian Health Board. "We appreciate the
leadership of Senators Dorgan (D-ND) and Murkowski (R-AK) and
other key Senators on both sides of the aisle that made
passage by the Senate a reality. Indian Country will continue
to work with the House leadership to ensure a final bill can
be sent to the President for his signature." S. 1200 will
modernize and improve Indian health care services and delivery; provide
the basic tools to address the overall health of our communities and the
increasing problems of teen suicide and methamphetamine abuse; and allow
for in-home care for our
elderly population. "The reauthorization of the Indian Health
Care Improvement Act will help to provide a higher level of
care to all American Indians and Alaska Natives no matter
where they live," said Georgianna Ignace, President of the
National Council of Urban Indian Health. "As such we are
both pleased and proud of the bi-partisanship displayed by
the Senate in making such essential legislation a success."

Founded in 1944, the National Congress of American Indians
is the oldest, largest and most representative American Indian
and Alaska Native organization in the country. NCAI advocates
on behalf of tribal governments, promoting strong tribal-
federal government-to-government policies, and promoting a
better understanding among the general public regarding
American Indian and Alaska Native governments, people and
rights. The National Indian Health Board (NIHB), established
in 1972, serves all Federally Recognized American Indian and
Alaska Native (AI/AN) Tribal governments by advocating for
the improvement of health care delivery to AI/ANs, as well
as for upholding the Federal government's trust responsibility
to AI/AN Tribal governments. We strive to advance the level
and quality of health care and the adequacy of funding for
health services that are operated by the Indian Health Service
(IHS), health programs operated directly by Tribal governments,
and other programs. Our Board Members represent each of the
twelve Areas of IHS and are elected at-large by the respective
Tribal Governmental Officials within their Area. For more
information, visit the NIHB website at The
National Council of Urban Indian Health (NCUIH), founded in
1998 is a membership based organization that represents Urban
Indian Health Programs in 21 states and 38 cities. NCUIH serves
as a resource center engaged in advocating, training, educating
and providing leadership development for urban Indian healthcare
providers and supporting the development of quality, accessible
and culturally sensitive healthcare programs for all. For more
information, please visit


National Council of Urban Indian Health

Urban Indian Health Program Zeroed-Out for Third Consecutive
Year WASHINGTON February, 4th 2008

Today’s release of the Administration’s proposed FY 2009 budget
was met with mock surprise by the National Council of Urban
Indian Health. This year marks the third consecutive year
that the Administration has called for the elimination of
funding for the Urban Indian Health Program based upon the
assertion that medical services offered by Urban Indian Health Programs
are a duplication of services already provided by
other community resources. "We are once again infuriated by
the Administration’s inability, or perhaps unwillingness, to
see the value and unique nature of our programs," NCUIH
Executive Director Geoffrey Roth stated this afternoon. “The
past two years Congress has reinstated our funding, because
they see the integral role that the Urban Indian Health
Program plays in providing quality health care for American
Indian and Alaska Native peoples.” The unique and
non-duplicative services offered by the Urban Indian Health
Program have long been recognized by the national community
and health partners. As a response to the FY 2007 and 2008
proposed elimination proposals the National Association of
Community Health Centers indicated in strong terms that
Community Health Centers have neither the means nor the
capacity to take on the significant urban Indian patient load.
Similarly, sending the urban population back to Tribal Health
Clinics is not a viable option due to an Indian Health
Service's system of care that is presently under-funded and
stretched to its limit. For the first time in six years the
Indian Health Service’s budget is being recommended with a
decrease million. The proposed funding cuts to the Indian
Health Service’s budget for FY 2009 cuts entirely the Urban
Indian Health Program, which currently represents nearly one
percent of the overall Indian Health Services budget. Today,
as many as 67% of Americans identifying themselves as American
Indians and Alaska Natives live in urban areas. The 36 urban
Indian health clinics within the Urban Indian Health Program
provide culturally relevant medical services to this population.
Urban Indian Health Programs have noted that if the
Administration’s proposal is followed, and the program is
zeroed out of the budget, that bankruptcies and defaults on
leases would ensue. The approximately 150,000 urban Indian
patients served annually could expect the near-certain
discontinuation of over half of all clinics that. Such a
scenario would only perpetuate the gross health care
disparities that already exist for Native Americans. The
Urban Indian Health Program was first recommended for zero
budgeting in the FY 2007 budget. The FY 2008 proposal, however,
was resoundingly rejected by Congress, which fully restored
Title V. The National Council of Urban Indian Health is
launching a nation-wide education campaign in support of the restoration
of funding for the Urban Indian Health Program
in the FY 2009 budget. Petition letters can be submitted
online at For questions or further information
on the UIHP, please contact NCUIH at 202-544-0344 or visit
our website at


Open Letter from Union of BC Chiefs to Minister Strahl
February 26, 2008 — Grand Chief Stewart Phillip

Open Letter from Union of BC Chiefs to Minister Strahl

Indigenous leaders concerned about spending on specific claims

Dear Minister Strahl,

Re: Failure to Disclose Information Regarding the Expenditure of Public
Funds for Specific Claims

The Union of British Columbia Indian Chiefs ("UBCIC") is
deeply concerned the federal government's failure to disclose
information regarding the expenditure of public funds related
to the operations of the Indian Specific Claims Commission
("ISCC") and the allocation of loan funding for the negotiation
of specific and comprehensive claims.

On October 3, 2007, the UBCIC submitted formal Access to
Information requests for financial data on ISCC operations
and outstanding loans for specific and comprehensive claims negotiations
from 1991 to 2007. UBCIC formally amended its
requests after being informed that ISCC data and records
related to loan funding for claims negotiation pre-1996
would be very difficult and time consuming to locate, and
would result in protracted delays to other administrative
operations that impact Claims Research Units across the
country. We agreed to limit our request to the post-1996
period, for which information was more readily available.

On January 17, 2008, the UBCIC received a letter from INAC's
Access to Information and Privacy Office indicating that
"after a thorough search…no records reflecting the information
sought were found."

It is alarming that records related to the expenditure of
public funds cannot be produced. Furthermore, we are deeply
concerned that this information is either not available
(that the records were never retained or were lost) or that
the information is not being provided in clear violation of
the Access to Information Act. It is highly unlikely that
records for specific claims or records detailing the amount
of the ISCC's operational funding do not exist. Surely the
Government of Canada can account for these expenditures of
public funds.

The Standing Committee on Aboriginal Affairs and Northern
Development is currently hearing testimony regarding Bill
C-30 The Specific Claims Tribunal Act. The Act is intended
to fulfill your government's specific claims action plan,
entitled "Justice At Last," which is supposed to address
the unacceptable backlog of specific claims across Canada
and ensure the fair and timely settlement of specific claims.

Your government has indicated that this legislative reform
will be undertaken in consultation with First Nations. This
amounts to an empty gesture if vital information about
claims spending is not provided. The release of financial
data regarding specific claims is imperative if a review
of the specific claims process is to be meaningful, open
and fair. The process of renewal must ensure all interested
parties have access to all relevant information.

At this time, the UBCIC's recourse is to appeal to the
Office of the Information Commissioner. This avenue may
eventually lead to the disclosure of information. However,
there is no way of predicting how long this might take.
Surely this appeals process will require more time than it
will take for Bill C-30 to reach final reading and possibly
be proclaimed into law.

If your government is firmly committed to the just resolution
of specific claims, the UBCIC urgently requests that the
ISCC data and records related to loan funding for claims
negotiation from 1996-2007 be released immediately.


Grand Chief Stewart Phillip

President, Union of BC Indian Chiefs


OPEN LETTER: Treaty One First Nations comment on Kapyong Issue

February 07, 2008 — Chief Dennis Meeches

OPEN LETTER: Treaty One First Nations comment on Kapyong Issue

Dear Editor:

Your readers should understand that the Treaty One First
Nations claim to the surplus federal property in the City
of Winnipeg has been put before the Federal Court. It is
the courts who will decide whether Treaty One First Nations
have a claim or not. The Honourable Rod Bruinooge, a member
of the Queen's Privy Council, diminishes the honour of the
Crown by making a pronouncement on what he wants the court
to find. This is a serious matter, particularly where there
is no evidence to support several of the facts he cites.

First Perspective readers should be aware that this case is
not being brought by a "group of aboriginal bands." This
action is being brought by the Treaty One First Nations who
are signatory to a treaty entered into in the name of Queen
Victoria in which the First Nations allowed a portion of
their lands to be taken up for immigration and settlement.
The act of sharing has made it possible for the Province of
Manitoba and the City of Winnipeg to exist today. The treaty
is recognized and affirmed by the Constitution of Canada.

Mr. Bruinooge will soon have the opportunity to put before
the court his evidence that "the First Nations have waived
their rights to the property." Further, Mr. Bruinooge will
have the opportunity to explain his contradiction that if
the First Nations had rights which they could waive, it can
hardly be said they have no rights.

Mr. Bruinooge will soon have the opportunity to put before
the court his evidence that "the First Nations were consulted
in 2004" and "none of them came forward." There is no such

Please note this issue being raised is not a question of
"urban reserve." That is something that can be discussed
in the consultation process. Also please note that the
Treaty One First Nations have never "pledged to tie up
development activity." Any delays are solely the
responsibility of the federal government which has
repeatedly refused to even meet to discuss this matter
with Treaty One First Nations. Winnipegers who join us
in being frustrated and disappointed with the delay might
urge Mr. Bruinooge and the government he represents to
enter into these discussions and negotiations rather than
push the First Nations into litigatin, and then try the
case in the media instead of the courts.

We as the Treaty One First Nations are confident there is
a meritorious case to present to the Federal Court, and
look forward to presenting their evidence and legal argument
in that forum.

Chief Dennis Meeches
Treaty One First Nations


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Senators accuse UC - Berkeley of discrimination and
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All bets off: Feds threaten action if Akela casino opens

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Winnemucca, Frank: Pyramid Lake Paiute elder passes at 77

Wisconsin tribes ask state for official recognition

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Humor or Non-Indian Material:

From my cousin Sally Gill:

HOW DO YOU DECIDE WHO TO MARRY? (written by kids)

You got to find somebody who likes the same stuff. Like,
if you like sports, she should like it that you like sports,
and she should keep the chips and dip coming. --
Alan, age 10

No person really decides before they grow up who they're
going to marry. God decides it all way before, and you get
to find out later who you're stuck with. -- Kristen, age 10

Twenty- three is the best age because you know the person
FOREVER by then. -- Camille, age 10

You might have to guess, based on whether they seem to be
yelling at the same kids.- Derrick, age 8


Both don't want any more kids. -- Lori, age 8

Dates are for having fun, and people should use them to get
to know each other. Even boys have something to say if you
listen long enough. -- Lynnette, age 8

On the first date, they just tell each other lies and that
usually gets them interested enough to go for a second date.
-- Martin, age 10

When they're rich. -- Pam, age 7

The law says you have to be eighteen, so I wouldn't want to
mess with that. - - Curt, age 7


It's better for girls to be single but not for boys. Boys
need someone to clean up after them.-- Anita, age 9

There sure would be a lot of kids to explain, wouldn't there? -- Kelvin,
age 8

And the #1 Favorite is.........

Tell your wife that she looks pretty, even if she looks like
a dump truck. -- Ricky, age 10


From Ed Clark:

Found another great PC screen cleaner…Should not be used
too often.


From Alan Sconzert:

Rules for clear writing

   1. Verbs has to agree with their subjects.
   2. Prepositions are not words to end sentences with.
   3. And don't start a sentence with a conjunction.
   4. It is wrong to ever split an infinitive.
   5. Avoid cliches like the plague. (They're old hat.)
   6. Also, always avoid annoying alliteration.
   7. Be more or less specific.
   8. Parenthetical remarks (however relevant) are (usually)
   9. Also too, never, ever use repetitive redundancies.
10. No sentence fragments.
11. Contractions aren't necessary and shouldn't be used.
12. Foreign words and phrases are not apropos.
13. Do not be redundant; do not use more words than necessary;
it's highly superfluous.
14. One should never generalize.
15. Comparisons are as bad as cliches.
16. Don't use no double negatives.
17. Eschew ampersands & abbreviations, etc.
18. One-word sentences? Eliminate.
19. Analogies in writing are like feathers on a snake.
20. The passive voice is to be ignored.
21. Eliminate commas, that are, not necessary. Parenthetical
words however should be enclosed in commas.
22. Never use a big word when a diminutive one would suffice.
23. Do not use multiple exclamation points NOR all caps for
24. Use words correctly, irregardless of how others use them.
25. Understatement is always the absolute best way to put
forth earth shaking ideas.
26. Use the apostrophe in it's proper place and omit it when
its not needed.
27. Eliminate quotations. As Ralph Waldo Emerson said, "I hate
quotations. Tell me what you know."
28. If you've heard it once, you've heard it a thousand
times: Resist hyperbole; not one writer in a million can use it
29. Puns are for children, not groan readers.
30. Go around the barn at high noon to avoid colloquialisms.
31. Even if a mixed metaphor sings, it should be derailed.
32. Who needs rhetorical questions?
33. Exaggeration is a billion times worse than understatement.
34. Do not put statements in the negative form.
35. A writer must not shift your point of view.
36. Place pronouns as close as possible, especially in long sentences
of 10 or more words, to their antecedents.
37. Writing carefully, dangling participles must be avoided.
38. If any word is improper at the end of a sentence, a
linking verb is.
39. Take the bull by the hand and avoid mixing metaphors.
40. Avoid trendy locutions that sound flaky.
41. Everyone should be careful to use a singular pronoun
with singular nouns in their writing.
42. Always pick on the correct idiom.
43. Be careful to use the rite homonym.

And last...

   1. Proofread carefully to make sure your numbers are
correct and to see if you any words out.


Here are some random historical events for March:

March 1, 1793: Congress passes "An Act to Regulate Trade and Intercourse
with the Indian Tribes." It also passes "An Act
Making An Appropriation to Defray the Expense of a Treaty With
the Indians Northwest of the Ohio."

March 2, 1868: The Seven Bands of Ute treaty (15 stat. 619)
is signed in Washington, D. C.

March 3, 1820: The Mi’kmaq Afton First Nation reserve of
Pomquet - Afton is established in Nova Scotia. The Bear
River First Nation reserve of Bear River is also established.

March 4, 1870: Louis Riel’s Metis have taken over the
government in the Red River Colony. They execute Thomas
Scott for "taking up arms" against Riel’s government. This
execution helps to speed up an expedition against Riel’s

March 5, 1861: The Confederacy appoints Albert Pike, of
Arkansas, to negotiate treaties with the Indians in the
region. He establishes the "United Nations of the Indian
Territory (present day Oklahoma)" as an Indian confederacy
to oppose the government of Abraham Lincoln.

March 6, 501: Maya King Ahkal Mo' Naab' I ascends to the
throne in Palenque, Mexico

March 7, 1524: Giovanni da Verrazano, sailing for France,
anchors near Wilmington, North Carolina, in the "Dauphine."
He kidnaps a child they encounter to bring back to Europe.
Some sources report this happening on March 1st.

March 8, 1857: Inkpaduta, and a little over a dozen Wapekutah
Sioux warriors, attack a series of settlements in northwestern
Iowa along Spirit Lake. As many as forty settlers are killed.

March 9, 1805: The Grand Chief of Minnetarees visits Lewis and

March 10, 1957: The Dalles Dam floods sacred fishing areas
on the Columbia River

March 11, 1848: As a part of the Cayuse War, a fight takes
place. Captain McKay, and a force 268, are ambushed by
approximately 400 Palouse. The Palouse are allied to the

March 12, 1798: According to Hudson’s Bay Company records,
two Kootenay Indians arrived at Edmonton House in Canada. The
Indians made their way through the Rockies during to winter
to seek trade.

March 13, 1864: The first group of Navajos finish the "Long
Walk" to Fort Sumner on the Bosque Redondo Reservation, in east-central
New Mexico. During their march, thirteen of the
1,430 who started the trip are kidnaped by Mexicans or die.

March 14, 1697: The last of the independent Maya tribes, called
the Itza, are finally conquered by the Spanish. The Spanish
attack and defeat the Itza at their capital city of Tayasal, Guatemala.

March 15, 1869: Colonel George Custer, and his troops discovers
two Cheyenne villages, of over 250 lodges, on Sweetwater Creek
near the Texas-Oklahoma boundary. The Cheyenne have been order
to report to their reservation. Custer captures four Chiefs.
He threatens to hang the Chief unless the Cheyenne surrender.
Both of the villages decide to give up.

March 16, 1621: Samoset meets the Pilgrims.

March 17, 1853: Joel Palmer becomes superintendent of Indian
Affairs in Oregon . He guides the creation of the Oregon Indian

March 18, 1877: The "Battle of Yellow House Canyon" takes
place near modern Lubbock, Texas. It involves over 150 Quahadi Comanches
led by Black Horse, and about fifty local hunters.
Black Horse had killed a buffalo hunter who had shot and killed
a large number of buffalo in the area. Black Horse is infuriated
by the slaughter of his tribe’s economic mainstay. The buffalo
hunters sneak up on Black Horse’s camp and attack it in
retaliation for the killing of the hunter. Some sources list
this as the last significant Indian fights in the Texas

March 19, 1851: According to the Costan internet site, one
in a series of treaties with California Indians is signed at
Camp Fremont. These treaties purports to set aside lands for
the Indians and to protect them from angry whites. The
Americans are represented by George W. Barbour, Redick McKee
and Oliver M. Wozencraft.

March 20, 1699: Continuing his exploration up the Mississippi
River, French explorer Pierre le Moyne d'Iberville visits
the village of the Houma Indians.

March 21, 1842: General Zachary Taylor estimates that by
this date, 2,833 Seminoles have relocated to the Indian
Territory (present day Oklahoma).

March 22, 1622: Opechancanough is Chief of the Pamunkey Indians.
They are part of the Powhatan Confederacy. They attack the
English today, Good Friday, at Jamestown. An Indian, named
Chanco, warns his step-father, Richard Pace, of the impending
attack. While the town is warned, the outer settlements suffer
the brunt of the attack. 347 of the 1,240 English are killed
in the fighting. This is the first large "massacre" by Indians
in North America.

March 23, 1889: President Benjamin Harrison says part of
Oklahoma will be opened to the public.

March 24, 1617: King James I, of England, decides the Indians
of Virginia must be educated. He directs the Anglican church to collect
funds to build churches and schools.

March 25, 1839: Peter Hilderbrand, and 1,312 of his original
group of 1,776 forced Cherokee emigrants arrive in the Indian Territory
(present day Oklahoma). This is the last of the
major groups of arriving Cherokees in the Indian Territory.
The migration is called "the Trail of Tears." Although figures
vary according to the source, it is believed almost 12,000
Cherokees survived the emigration. Almost 4,000 died during
the move.

March 26, 1777: Henry Hamilton is the British Lieutenant
Governor of Detroit. He receives orders to dispatch his Indian
allies against American settlers in Ohio.

March 27, 1814: East of modern Alexander City, Alabama,
Andrew Jackson, and 2000 whites, Cherokees, Choctaws and
"White Stick" Creeks, discover a fort built at the village
of Tohopeka on a Horseshoe Bend in the Tallapoosa River, by
"Red Stick" Creeks. The Red Stick Creeks are anti-white, the
White Stick Creeks are pro-white. Jackson attacks the 800
to 1,000 Red Stick Creeks, led by Chief Menewa. The Creek
village and defenses covered approximately 100 acres on the
peninsula made by the bend in the river. To cross the river,
Jackson's Cherokee allies, led by Chief Junaluska, swim the
river to steal Creek canoes. Jackson's forces eventually set
fire to the Red Stick Creeks' wooden barricade. In the end,
only about fifty of the Red Stick Creeks survive the battle.
Jackson's forces lose forty-nine soldiers and twenty-three
warriors killed, and 157 soldiers and forty-seven warriors
wounded. Jackson's forces capture approximately 300 women
and children. The Red Stick Creek leader William Weatherford
is not at the battle. Weatherford will turn himself in later.
This defeat leads to the Treaty of Horseshoe Bend signed on
August 9, 1814, whereby the Creeks gave up twenty-three million
acres of land to the United States.

March 28, 1676: After attacking a military group near the
town two days before, King Philip's forces attack the village
of Rehoboth, Massachusetts. While most of the townspeople
survive in barricaded homes, most of the town is razed.

March 29, 1542: Hernando de Soto's expedition reaches the
territory of the Anilco Indians. As with many of his previous
encounters, a battle is fought.

March 30, 1870: Based on the Congressional Act of April 8th,
1864, and today's Executive Order by President Grant, Round
Valley Reservation is established in Mendicino County,
California. It one day houses Clear Lake, Concow, Little Lake, Nomelaki,
Pit River, Potter Valley, Redwood, Wailaki, and
Yuki Tribes, in fifty and a half square miles.

March 31, 1882: The Havasupai Reservation boundaries, in
Arizona, are modified.


That's it for now.

Have a great month.

Phil Konstantin

End of Phil Konstantin's March 2008 Newsletter - Part 1

Monthly Newsletter

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Four of the five books I have worked on. I either wrote, co-wrote, or contributed to each of these beeks

This is the cover to my first book. 
Click here to got more info, or to order a copy. Click on the cover to order a copy or to get more info.
This Day in North American Indian History
This Day in North American Indian History is a one-of-a-kind, vastly entertaining and informative book covering over 5000 years of North American Indian history, culture, and lore. Wide-ranging, it covers over 4,000 important events involving the native peoples of North America in a unique day-by-day format.

The thousands of entries in This Day in North American Indian History weave a compelling and comprehensive mosaic of North American Indian history spanning more than five millennia-every entry an exciting opening into the fascinating but little- known history of American Indians.

Over 100 photographs and illustrations - This book has 480 pages, weighs 2.2 pounds and is 8" by 9.5" in size. The Dates, Names and "Moons" section of these pages are based on the book.

This is the cover to my 4th book. 
Click here to got more info, or to order a copy or to get more info.
This is the cover to my 4th book. Click here to got more info, or to order a copy or to get more info."

Native American History For Dummies

I wrote six of the twenty-four chapters in this book. I am credited with being the technical editor. Book Description:
Native American History For Dummies introduces readers to the thousand-year-plus history of the first inhabitants of North America and explains their influence on the European settlement of the continent. Covering the history and customs of the scores of tribes that once populated the land, this friendly guide features vivid studies of the lives of such icons as Pocahontas, Sitting Bull, and Sacagawea; discusses warfare and famous battles, offering new perspectives from both battle lines; and includes new archaeological and forensic evidence, as well as oral histories that show events from the perspective of these indigenous peoples. The authors worked in concert with Native American authorities, institutions, and historical experts to provide a wide range of insight and information.
This is the cover to my 3rd book. 
Click here to got more info, or to order a copy or to get more info.
This is the cover to my 3rd book. Click here to got more info, or to order a copy or to get more info
Treaties With American Indians I wrote an article and several appendix items for this book.
Clips from a review on *Starred Review* In the 93 years from 1778 until 1871, there were more than 400 treaties negotiated by Indian agents and government officials. Editor Fixico and more than 150 contributors have crafted a three volume comprehensive tool that will soon become essential for anyone interested in the topic. A resource section with lists of ?Alternate Tribal Names and Spellings,? ?Tribal Name Meanings,? (<---- I wrote this part) Treaties by Tribe,? and ?Common Treaty Names? and a bibliography and comprehensive index are repeated in each volume. This impressive set has a place in any academic library that supports a Native American studies or American history curriculum. It is the most comprehensive source of information on Canadian-Indian treaties and U.S.-Indian treaties. Also available as an e-book.

"The Wacky World of Laws"
It was just released in May 2009.
The Wacky World of Laws. Click on the cover to order a copy or to get more info.

The Wacky World of Laws is a compilation of U.S. and International Laws that are out of the ordinary. With the U.S. churning out 500,000 new laws every year and 2 million regulations annually, this book is the ideal go-to book fro everyone who wants a good laugh at the expense of our legal system. Law so often can be boring! Now with The Wacky World of Laws, you can be the hit of any water cooler conversation, and amaze your friends with precious legal nuggets.

I wrote most of this book. It is my fifth book.

(copyright, © Phil Konstantin, 2010)

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