March 2007 Newsletter from
"This Day in North American Indian History"
by Phil Konstantin
Copyright © Phil Konstantin (1996-2010)

Click Here To Return To The Previous Website

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Start of Phil Konstantin's March 2007 Newsletter - Part 1
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Greetings,

I am still very busy with my part-time job at KUSI-TV in the
early monring, and my now fulltime job as a mortgage loan
officer. So, I have not been able to dedicate as much time
to my newsletter as I would like. That being said, here is
part 1 for March.

I have included a section on the Cherokee Nation's election
to see if former slaves of the Cherokee Nation (Civil War era)
who are not Cherokee "by blood" would be allowed to remain as
members of the tribe.

Phil
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Featured Link of the Month for March 2007

The Link Of The Month for March 2007 is the "Chaco Digital Initiative."
CDI is a collaborative effort to create a
digital archive that will integrate much of the widely
dispersed archaeological data collected from Chaco Canyon
in the late 1890s and the first half of the 20th century.
The site features some interactive maps, photos and tons
of archaeological reports.

If you have ever wondered what exactly it is that archaeologist
document, this is the place to go.

You can visit at:
http://www.chacoarchive.org/index.html


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The "Treaty For The Month" of March is the "TREATY MADE AND
CONCLUDED AT CAMP FREMONT, STATE OF CALIFORNIA, MARCH 19, 1851,
BETWEEN REDICK McKEE AND OTHERS, COMMISSIONERS ON THE PART OF
THE UNITED STATES, AND THE CHIEFS, CAPTAINS, AND HEADMEN OF
THE SI-YAN-TE, ETC., ETC., TRIBES OF INDIANS."

The treaty covers such issues as land rights, payments,
"personal retaliation," and education.

You can read a transcript of the treaty on this website:
http://www.tachi-yokut.com/Treaty-M.html


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Cherokee Nation Election ON Freedmen's Tribal Membership
--------------------------------------------------------

See the results of the election here:
http://www.cherokee.org/home.aspx?section=story&id=FGOzZCl+mNE=

See results by district:
http://www.cherokee.org/TribalGovernment/Election/SEResults2007.aspx

Cherokees Vote Out Slaves' Descendants
http://www.guardian.co.uk/worldlatest/story/0,,-6456860,00.html

Cherokees' past and future collide in fight over identity
http://www.dfw.com/mld/dfw/news/nation/16676028.htm

Cherokee Nation heads to polls to decide on Freedmen
http://www.indianz.com/News/2007/001639.asp

Chad Smith: Cherokee Nation not based on race
http://www.indianz.com/News/2007/001638.asp

------------------

Copy of the lawsuit: Vann v. Kempthorne
http://www.indianz.com/docs/court/freedmen/order121906.pdf

------------------

Cherokee Court Decision:
http://www.cherokee.org/docs/news/Freedman-Decision.pdf

------------------

Descendants Of Freedmen Of The Five Civilized Tribes
http://www.freedmen5tribes.com/

------------------

Message From Principal Chief Chad Smith:


The people speak: Cherokee Constitution is not based on race


I encourage every Cherokee to vote Saturday in a special
election on who should be citizens of the Cherokee Nation.
It is my hope that our citizens will take time to educate
themselves about the issue and cast an informed vote. For
more information, call (918) 458-5899 or visit the Cherokee
Nationís Web site at www.cherokee.org.

In 2006, the Judicial Appeals Tribunal (JAT), now the Cherokee
Nation Supreme Court, ruled that a Cherokee Nation law that
limited citizenship in the nation to Cherokees, Shawnees
and Delawares by blood was unconstitutional because it excluded freedmen
and other non-Indians who were listed on separate
Dawes Rolls.

Freedmen were former slaves of Cherokees and were emancipated
and given Cherokee Nation citizenship by an 1866 amendment
to our 1839 Constitution after the American Civil War. The
evidence shows that people with Cherokee blood were placed
on the by-blood rolls and non-Indians were listed on either
the adopted white rolls or freedmen rolls by the Dawes
Commission.

Although the interpretation of the Cherokee Nation court is
controversial as to whether it excluded freedmen or not,
it is very clear that the determination of who may or may
not become a citizen is a question reserved for Cherokee
voters.

What should be clear to all is that the Cherokee Nation
Constitution is not based on race. People of many different
ethnic backgrounds ó African-Americans, white Americans,
and Hispanic-Americans ó have Cherokee ancestors on the
Dawes Roll and are unquestionably entitled to Cherokee
citizenship.

A yes vote means the freedmen and other non-Indians will
not be tribal citizens. A no vote means freedmen and other
non-Indians can be tribal citizens. In other words, voting
yes means non-Indians are out, and voting no means non-
Indians stay in.

Whatever side you or I or any of us may have, I sincerely
hope everyone will participate in this democratic process,
and remember that many people in other parts of the world
do not enjoy this privilege.

Chad Smith, principal chief

Cherokee Nation

------------------

FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE
February 23, 2007

Message To My Fellow Cherokees,

As your elected Deputy Principal Chief, I must express
to you what I believe to be true and right for the Cherokee
Nation. On Saturday, March 3,2007, we must vote Yes for the
Cherokee Constitutional Amendment!

Yes, for our Indian heritage!

Each Cherokee family has stories of sacrifice and remarkable
endurance thatbrought us to the great Nation we are today.
As our Cherokee ancestors passed from this life to the next,
they left us the certainness of our heritage right. This
blood is the glue that binds us together. We must protect
our heritage now as it was protected for us. Vote, and vote
Yes, to protect what is our Indian Heritage.

Delaware and Shawnees by blood have been joined with us in
an Indian tribalalliance for many generations now. Our
Nation must have the support of its blood citizens to protect ourselves
as Indian people and secure Indian generations to
come.

Outsiders, self-serving non-Indians and those with a
political agenda as their purpose will soon bombard us with
outcries. These attacks will tell you that you must vote
against your Indian blood. Their reasoning always paints
Cherokee in a bad way; they say we are racist, selfish,
uninformed and incapable of understanding our own laws. We
will be slandered and called "watered-down" and portrayed
as a people without contribution and standing to other
Indian Nations. This is just not true. Do not be wounded
nor pushed aside from your Indian heritage. No one has the
right to diminish our blood right.

On March 3, 2007, we will vote to define citizenship in the
Cherokee Nation. We have followed our laws, hundreds of
citizens worked to bring the opportunity to vote according
to our processes. Every hurdle, every review,every procedure
has been completed. Now is the time for us to define who
will be citizens in our Indian Nation. I urge you to join
me and my family in voting our Indian heritage; define our
Indian citizenship by blood.
VOTE YES.

Joe Grayson, Jr.
Deputy Principal Chief
Cherokee Nation
918-456-4878


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Other INteresting Websites:

Prez On The Rez
http://www.prezontherez.org/

This historic event, hosted by the INDNís List Education
Fund, will bring candidates seeking the Democratic nomination
for President of the United States to an Indian Reservation
to meet with hundreds of Elected Tribal Leaders and hundreds
more tribal citizens from all across America!

'Prez on the Rez' gets a site and a candidate
http://www.indiancountry.com/content.cfm?id=1096414584


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Hiawatha Diary - You are about to learn about one of United
States Government's best kept secrets...
http://www.hiawathadiary.com/front.html

-------------------

The U.S. Department of Education is pleased to announce the
newly remodeled and updated Federal Resources for Education
Excellence (FREE) website.
http://www.free.ed.gov/


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Questions from Readers:

-------------------

Phil,

Hi! I've been getting your newsletter for several years, and
I really enjoy it.

I've got a question for you or for your readers. I've been
told that my great, great, great grandmother was full-blooded Cherokee.
Now, I've got pictures of my great great grandmother,
and there's no doubt that she was half Native American. I
recently found the document where my great great grandmother's
parents were married. Her dad's name was Jesse Barnes and her
mom's name was Avie Gray (she's the one who was supposedly FB Cherokee.)
Avie Gray was born in Tennesse, but the marriage
happened in Mississippi, in Tishomingo County, right on the
TN/MS border. Jesse had to put up a $200 bond in order to
marry her...and this was in 1843, so that was a lot of money
for back then. I'm just wondering why such a large amount of
money? Was there some sort of law back then about white men
marrying Native American women? Is there any way I could
find out?

Thanks!

-Beth Barnes ekj75 @ hotmail.com (Wynne, AR)


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News Stories:
-------------

First American Settlers Not Who We Thought
http://www.livescience.com/history/070222_arrowhead_makers.html

Gale Norton told: Reverse recognition or be fired
http://www.indiancountry.com/content.cfm?id=1096414403

Funding squabble could delay Honey Bee project
http://www.explorernews.com/article/show/16092

OV says no to more money for Honey Bee
http://www.azstarnet.com/sn/hourlyupdate/171358.php

If you think you've seen everything that the Casa Grande Ruins National
Monument has to offer, think again.
http://www.zwire.com/site/news.cfm?newsid=17910037&BRD=1817&PAG=461&dept_id=222071&rfi=6


Tribal park set to offer guided tours through ruins on Ute Mountain this
summer
http://www.daily-times.com/ci_5327727

Developer seeks to preserve ancient ruins
http://www.sltrib.com/ci_5313118?source=rss

Dolores duo steals artifacts
http://www.cortezjournal.com/asp-bin/article_generation.asp?article_type=news&article_path=/news/07/news070222_5.htm


Campbell Ave. dig unearths Tucson's past
http://www.azstarnet.com/allheadlines/170962.php

Native Americans seek to outlaw the 'S-word'
http://www.turkishpress.com/news.asp?id=164276

In Western North Carolina, Cherokee are on a mission to keep the
language and culture of their ancestors alive
http://www.newsobserver.com/105/story/547062.html

Chief Illiniwek's ready for last dance
http://sportsillustrated.cnn.com/2007/basketball/ncaa/02/21/bc.bkc.chiefilliniwek.ap/index.html


Harjo: Illiniwek fans missed the Indians for the 'Chief'
http://www.indiancountry.com/content.cfm?id=1096414549

Olympian wows audiences
http://www.indiancountry.com/content.cfm?id=1096414514

The mysterious case of Columbus's silver ore
http://www.physorg.com/news91170256.html

Global Vote for World's 'New' Seven Wonders
http://www.reuters.com/article/wtMostRead/idUSL1487662320070219

Indian athletes experience racism on the road
http://www.billingsgazette.net/articles/2007/02/16/news/wyoming/20-athletes.txt


Human knowledge eroded as endangered languages die
http://www.sfgate.com/cgi-bin/article.cgi?file=/c/a/2007/02/18/MNGABO729L1.DTL


One Hot Archaeological Find - Chili Peppers Spiced Up Life 6,100 Years
Ago
http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2007/02/15/AR2007021502130.html


Billings to host meth training
http://www.billingsgazette.net/articles/2007/01/08/news/local/55-meth.txt


Quiet observance of feast opens, warms the spirit
http://www.abqtrib.com/news/2007/feb/15/katherine-augustine-quiet-observance-feast-opens-w/


Diabetes Threatens Indigenous Populations Worldwide
http://www.usmedicine.com/dailyNews.cfm?dailyID=314

Volunteers ready to prevent vandalism - Peoria's new volunteer program
monitoring Hohokam site
http://www.azcentral.com/community/peoria/articles/0124gl-peosite24Z2.html


Chief Big Foot Memorial Ride:
http://indiancountry.com/memorial_ride.cfm

New Mexico, like other Western states, is grappling with American Indian
water rights.
http://www.redorbit.com/news/science/803202/finding/index.html?source=r_science


Bering land bridge theory disputed
http://www.mysanantonio.com/news/metro/stories/MYSA011307.04B.FIRST_AMERICANS.2e6a138.html


Museum unveils Arizona's ancient animals
http://www.eastvalleytribune.com/index.php?sty=82279&source=rss&dest=STY-82279


Indian dropout rate studied
http://www.billingsgazette.net/articles/2007/01/10/news/local/55-dropout.txt


Dispute over road turns violent
http://www.recordnet.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20070109/A_NEWS/701090320


Lumbee tackle housing woes
http://www.newsobserver.com/102/story/529764.html



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Notices:
----------------

Invitation to Write: Encyclopedia of U.S. Indian Policy Location: United
States
Date Submitted: 2007-02-07
Announcement ID: 155417

CQ Press (a division of Congressional Quarterly) invites you
to consider writing for the Encyclopedia of United States
Indian Policy and Law. The encyclopedia will serve as a
reference resource for secondary and university students and
will include entries on the individuals, treaties, statutes,
legal decisions, and military conflicts that defined the
history of U.S.-Indian relations. The encyclopedia will come
out in a two-volume set and contain over 600 bylined articles.
We are in the final phase of contracting authors, and we only
have about 70 entries left to assign.

For a list of available entries, please consult our website at:
http://s133221803.onlinehome.us/IndianPolicy

You will need to use the following case specific log-in and
password:
User: AIPReader
Password: AIPPassword

You will also find the contributorsí guidelines and a sample
work for hire contract on the website. Contributors will be
paid $.10/word for their work.

If you would like to participate in this important project,
please e-mail Tim Garrison at usin-@pdx.edu. Please attach
a short summary vita.

Tim Garrison
Director, Native American Studies
Associate Professor of History
Portland State University
P. O. Box 751
Portland, OR 97207
(503) 725-3978
Email: usindpol @ pdx.edu
Visit the website at http://s133221803.onlinehome.us/IndianPolicy

----------------

CSULB Indigenous Film Fest and CSULB 37th Annual Pow Wow.
All events are Free.

Thursday, March 8th, 8pm. University Theater: "The Canary
Effect: Kill the Indian, Save the Man."

Friday, March 9th, 8pm. Daniel Royce Theater; "By Any Means Neccessary"

Saturday, March 10th, 11am-10pm. 37th Annual Pow Wow
Sunday, March 11th, 11am-6pm. 37th Annual Pow Wow

CSULB, www.csulb.edu
1250 Bellflower BLvd.
Long Beach, CA 90840

Please contact us at pow-@csulb.edu or 562-985-8528.
http://www.csulb.edu/aiss
http:// www.csulb.edu/maps

------------------

Casas Grandes Lecture Series - Museum of Indian Arts &
Culture / Laboratory of Anthropology: Please join us for a
lecture series on the archaeology of Casas Grandes, northern
Mexico, to accompany the exhibit Secrets of Casas Grandes,
open through October 7, 2007. These scholars-all engaged in
innovative Casas Grandes research-reach across international boundaries
to explore the archaeology of this major
prehistoric center that blended elements of Pueblo culture
to the north and Mesoamerican civilizations to the south.
* 2 pm, Sunday, March 4, Dr. Paul Minnis, Friends in High
Places: Casas
Grandes' Neighbors
* 2 pm, Sunday, March 11, Dr. Elizabeth Bagwell, Archaeology
on the Edge: Adventures on the Casas Grandes Western Border
* 2 pm, Sunday, March 18, Dr. Timothy Maxwell and Rafael Cruz
Antill?n, Beyond Borders: An International Archaeological
Program in the Casas Grandes Region
* 2 pm, Sunday, March 25, Dr. Christine VanPool, Casas Grandes
Cosmology
All lectures will be held in the Kathryn O'Keefe Theatre at
the Museum of Indian Arts & Culture. Lectures are free with
museum admission. Admission to the Museum of Indian Arts &
Culture on Sundays is free to New Mexico residents with ID.
Funding for this program was generously provided by MIAC
RainMakers, a Museum of New Mexico Foundation support group
for the Museum of Indian Arts & Culture. For more information,
please call 505-476-1250.


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HUmor and Other Things
----------------------

From Ed Clark:

Subject: Crabby Old Man

When an old man died in the geriatric ward of a small hospital
near Tampa , Florida , it was believed that he had nothing left
of any value. Later, when the nurses were going through his
meager possessions, they found this poem. Its quality and content
so impressed the staff that copies were made and distributed to
every nurse in the hospital.

One nurse took her copy to Missouri . The old man's sole bequest
to posterity has since appeared in the Christmas edition of the
News Magazine of the St. Louis Association for Mental Health.
A slide presentation has also been made based on his simple,
but eloquent, poem. And this little old man, with nothing left
to give to the world, is now the author of this "anonymous"
poem winging across the Internet.

Crabby Old Man

What do you see nurses? .......What do you see?
What are you thinking......when you're looking at me?
A crabby old man...............not very wise
Uncertain of habit ........with faraway eyes?

Who dribbles his food.......and makes no reply.
When you say in a loud voice....."I do wish you'd try!"
Who seems not to notice ....the things that you do.
And forever is losing ..............a sock or shoe?

Who, resisting or not...........lets you do as you will,
With bathing and feeding ....... the long day to fill?
Is that what you're thinking? Is that what you see?
Then open your eyes, nurse......you're not looking at me.

I'll tell you who I am ....... as I sit here so still,
As I do at your bidding ........as I eat at your will.
I'm a small child of Ten......with a father and mother,
Brothers and sisters .......who love one another

A young boy of Sixteen ...........with wings on his feet
Dreaming that soon now. ..........a lover he'll meet.
A groom soon at Twenty .........my heart gives a leap.
Remembering, the vows........that I promised to keep.

At Twenty-Five, now ..........I have young of my own.
Who need me to guide ....... and a secure happy home.
A man of Thirty ......... my young now grown fast,
Bound to each other ......... with ties that should last.

At Forty, my young sons ........have grown and are gone,
But my woman's beside me........to see I don't mourn.
At Fifty, once more .........babies play 'round my knee,
Again, we know children ......... my loved one and me.

Dark days are upon me .......... my wife is now dead.
I look at the future ............I shudder with dread.
For my young are all rearing ........young of their own.
And I think of the years...... and the love that I've known.

I'm now an old man.........and nature is cruel.
T'is jest to make old age .......look like a fool.
The body, it crumbles..........grace and vigor, depart.
There is now a stone........where I once had a heart.

But inside this old carcass ...... a young guy still dwells,
And now and again ........my battered heart swells.
I remember the joys.............. I remember the pain.
And I'm loving and living.............life over again.

I think of the years ....all too few......gone too fast.
And accept the stark fact........that nothing can last.
So open your eyes, people ..........open and see..
Not a crabby old man. Look closer....see........ME!!

------------------

From Brotherart:

Do You Hear Me Now?

Be sure and cancel your credit cards before you die. This is
so priceless, and so easy to see happening, customer service
being what it is today. A lady died this past January, and
Citibank billed her for February & March for their annual
service charges on her credit card, & added late fees and
interest on the monthly charge. The balance had been $0.00,
now somewhere around $60.00. A family member placed a call
to Citibank here's the exchange:

Family Member: "I am calling to tell you she died in January."

Citibank: "The account was never closed and the late fees
& charges still apply."

Family Member: "Maybe, you should turn it over to collections."

Citibank: "Since it is 2 months past due, it already has been."

Family Member: So, what will they do when they find out she
is dead?"

Citibank: "Either report her account to frauds division or
report her to the credit bureau, maybe both!"

Family Member: "Do you think God will be mad at her?"
(I really liked this part!!!!)

Citibank: "Excuse me?"

Family Member: "Did you just get what I was telling you the
part about her being dead?"

Citibank: "Sir, you'll have to speak to my supervisor." (Duh!)
(Supervisor gets on the phone):

Family Member: "I'm calling to tell you, she died in January."

Citibank: "The account was never closed, so the late fees
and charges still apply." (This must be a phrase taught by
the bank!)

Family Member: "Do you mean you want to collect from her estate?"

Citibank: (Stammering) "Are you her lawyer?"

Family Member: "No, I'm her great nephew."

Citibank: "Could you fax us a certificate of death?"

Family Member: "Sure." (fax number is given) After they get
the fax:

Citibank: "Our system just isn't setup for death. I don't know
what more I can do to help."

Family Member: "Well, if you figure it out, great! If not,
you could just keep billing her. I really don't think she
will care."

Citibank: "Well, the late fees & charges do still apply."
(What is wrong with these people?!?)

Family Member: "Would you like her new billing address?"

Citibank: "Yes, that will help."

Family Member: " Odessa Memorial Cemetery , Highway 129,
Plot Number 69."

Citibank: "Sir, that's a cemetery!"

Family Member: "What do you do with dead people on your planet?



------------------

Tic Tac Toe For Smart People
http://www.animaxinteractive.com/banana/Games/tictactoe.html

------------------

From Chuck Johnston:

While I was watching football this weekend, my wife and I
got into a conversation about life and death, and the need
for living wills.

During the course of the conversation, I told her that I
never wanted to exist in a vegetative state, dependent on
some machine and taking fluids from a bottle.

She got up, unplugged the TV and threw out all my beer.

Sometimes it's tough being married to a smartass.

------------------

From Ed Clark:
You might not have known this, but a lot of non-living
objects are actually either male or female.

Here are some examples:

FREEZER BAGS: They are male, because they hold everything in,
but you can see right through them.

PHOTOCOPIERS: These are female, because once turned off, it
takes a while to warm them up again. They are an effective reproductive
device if the right buttons are pushed, but can
also wreak havoc if you push the wrong buttons.

TIRES: Tires are male, because they go bald easily and are
often over inflated.

HOT AIR BALLOONS: Also a male object, because to get them to go
anywhere, you have to light a fire under their arse

SPONGES: These are female, because they are soft, squeezable and retain
water.

WEB PAGES: Female, because they're constantly being looked at
and frequently getting hit on.

TRAINS: Definitely male, because they always use the same old
lines for picking up people.

EGG TIMERS: Egg timers are female because, over time, all the
weight shifts to the bottom.

HAMMERS: Male, because in the last 5000 years, they've hardly
changed at all, and are occasionally handy to have around.

THE REMOTE CONTROL: Female. Ha! You probably thought it would
be male, but consider this: It easily gives a man pleasure,
he'd be lost without it, and while he doesn't always know which buttons
to push, he just keeps trying.

------------------

From my daughter Sarah:

Words Women Use:

FINE - This is the word women use to end an argument when they
are right and you need to shut up.

FIVE MINUTES - If she is getting dressed, this is half an hour.
Five minutes is only five minutes if you have just been given
5 more minutes to watch the game before helping around the house.

NOTHING - This is the calm before the storm. This means
"something," and you should be on your toes. Arguments that
begin with 'Nothing' usually end in "Fine"

GO AHEAD - This is a dare, not permission. Don't do it.

LOUD SIGH - This is not actually a word, but is a nonverbal
statement often misunderstood by men. A "Loud Sigh" means
she thinks you are an idiot and wonders why she is wasting
her time standing here and arguing with you over "Nothing"

THAT'S OKAY - This is one of the most dangerous statements
that a woman can make to a man. "That's Okay" means that she
wants to think long and hard before deciding how and when
you will pay for your mistake.

THANKS - A woman is thanking you. Do not question it or faint.
Just say you're welcome.

WHATEVER - It's a woman's way of saying *!#@ YOU!


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Here are some random historical events:

March 1, 1793: Congress passes "An Act to Regulate Trade and Intercourse
with the Indian Tribes." It also passes "An Act
Making An Appropriation to Defray the Expense of a Treaty
With the Indians Northwest of the Ohio."

March 2, 1868: The Seven Bands of Ute treaty (15 stat. 619)
is signed in Washington, D. C.

March 3, 1820: The Mi'kmaq Afton First Nation reserve of
Pomquet - Afton is established in Nova Scotia. The Bear River
First Nation reserve of Bear River is also established.

March 4, 1870: Louis Riel's Metis have taken over the
government in the Red River Colony. They execute Thomas Scott
for "taking up arms" against Riel's government. This execution
helps to speed up an expedition against Riel's Metis.

March 5, 1861: The Confederacy appoints Albert Pike, of
Arkansas, to negotiate treaties with the Indians in the region.
He establishes the "United Nations of the Indian Territory
(present day Oklahoma)" as an Indian confederacy to oppose the
government of Abraham Lincoln.

March 6, 501: Maya King Ahkal Mo' Naab' I ascends to the throne
in Palenque, Mexico.

See my photos of Palenque here:
http://americanindian.net/mayae.html ....   and   ....
http://americanindian.net/mexico14.html


March 7, 1524: Giovanni da Verrazano, sailing for France,
anchors near Wilmington, North Carolina, in the "Dauphine."
He kidnaps a child they encounter to bring back to Europe.
Some sources report this happening on March 1st.

March 8, 1857: Inkpaduta, and a little over a dozen Wapekutah
Sioux warriors, attack a series of settlements in northwestern
Iowa along Spirit Lake. As many as forty settlers are killed.

March 9, 1805: The Grand Chief of Minnetarees visits Lewis
and Clark.

March 10, 1957: The Dalles Dam floods sacred fishing areas
on the Columbia River

March 11, 1848: As a part of the Cayuse War, a fight takes
place. Captain McKay, and a force 268, are ambushed by
approximately 400 Palouse. The Palouse are allied to the Cayuse.

March 12, 1798: According to Hudson's Bay Company records,
two Kootenay Indians arrived at Edmonton House in Canada.
The Indians made their way through the Rockies during to
winter to seek trade.

March 13, 1864: The first group of Navajos finish the "Long
Walk" to Fort Sumner on the Bosque Redondo Reservation, in east-central
New Mexico. During their march, thirteen of the
1,430 who started the trip are kidnaped by Mexicans or die.

March 14, 1697: The last of the independent Maya tribes,
called the Itza, are finally conquered by the Spanish. The
Spanish attack and defeat the Itza at their capital city of
Tayasal, Guatemala.

March 15, 1869: Colonel George Custer, and his troops discovers
two Cheyenne villages, of over 250 lodges, on Sweetwater Creek
near the Texas-Oklahoma boundary. The Cheyenne have been order
to report to their reservation. Custer captures four Chiefs.
He threatens to hang the Chief unless the Cheyenne surrender.
Both of the villages decide to give up.

March 16, 1621: Samoset meets the Pilgrims.

March 17, 1853: Joel Palmer becomes superintendent of Indian
Affairs in Oregon . He guides the creation of the Oregon Indian
reservations.

March 18, 1877: The "Battle of Yellow House Canyon" takes
place near modern Lubbock, Texas. It involves over 150 Quahadi Comanches
led by Black Horse, and about fifty local hunters.
Black Horse had killed a buffalo hunter who had shot and
killed a large number of buffalo in the area. Black Horse
is infuriated by the slaughter of his tribe's economic
mainstay. The buffalo hunters sneak up on Black Horse's camp
and attack it in retaliation for the killing of the hunter.
Some sources list this as the last significant Indian fights
in the Texas panhandle.

March 19, 1851: According to the Costan internet site, one
in a series of treaties with California Indians is signed at
Camp Fremont. These treaties purports to set aside lands for
the Indians and to protect them from angry whites. The
Americans are represented by George W. Barbour, Redick McKee
and Oliver M. Wozencraft.

March 20, 1699: Continuing his exploration up the Mississippi
River, French explorer Pierre le Moyne d'Iberville visits the
village of the Houma Indians.

March 21, 1842: General Zachary Taylor estimates that by
this date, 2,833 Seminoles have relocated to the Indian
Territory (present day Oklahoma).

March 22, 1622: Opechancanough is Chief of the Pamunkey
Indians. They are part of the Powhatan Confederacy. They
attack the English today, Good Friday, at Jamestown. An
Indian, named Chanco, warns his step-father, Richard Pace,
of the impending attack. While the town is warned, the outer settlements
suffer the brunt of the attack. 347 of the 1,240
English are killed in the fighting. This is the first large
"massacre" by Indians in North America.

March 23, 1889: President Benjamin Harrison says part of
Oklahoma will be opened to the public.

March 24, 1617: King James I, of England, decides the Indians
of Virginia must be educated. He directs the Anglican church to collect
funds to build churches and schools.

March 25, 1839: Peter Hilderbrand, and 1,312 of his original
group of 1,776 forced Cherokee emigrants arrive in the Indian Territory
(present day Oklahoma). This is the last of the major
groups of arriving Cherokees in the Indian Territory. The
migration is called "the Trail of Tears." Although figures
vary according to the source, it is believed almost 12,000
Cherokees survived the emigration. Almost 4,000 died during
the move.

March 26, 1777: Henry Hamilton is the British Lieutenant
Governor of Detroit. He receives orders to dispatch his
Indian allies against American settlers in Ohio.

March 27, 1814: East of modern Alexander City, Alabama,
Andrew Jackson, and 2000 whites, Cherokees, Choctaws and
"White Stick" Creeks, discover a fort built at the village
of Tohopeka on a Horseshoe Bend in the Tallapoosa River,
by " Red Stick" Creeks. The Red Stick Creeks are anti-white,
the White Stick Creeks are pro-white. Jackson attacks the
800 to 1,000 Red Stick Creeks, led by Chief Menewa. The
Creek village and defenses covered approximately 100 acres
on the peninsula made by the bend in the river. To cross
the river, Jackson's Cherokee allies, led by Chief Junaluska,
swim the river to steal Creek canoes. Jackson's forces
eventually set fire to the Red Stick Creeks' wooden barricade.
In the end, only about fifty of the Red Stick Creeks survive
the battle. Jackson's forces lose forty-nine soldiers and
twenty-three warriors killed, and 157 soldiers and forty-
seven warriors wounded. Jackson's forces capture
approximately 300 women and children. The Red Stick Creek
leader William Weatherford is not at the battle.
Weatherford will turn himself in later. This defeat leads
to the Treaty of Horseshoe Bend signed on August 9, 1814,
whereby the Creeks gave up twenty-three million acres of
land to the United States.

March 28, 1676: After attacking a military group near the
town two days before, King Philip's forces attack the village
of Rehoboth, Massachusetts. While most of the townspeople
survive in barricaded homes, most of the town is razed.

March 29, 1542: Hernando de Soto's expedition reaches the
territory of the Anilco Indians. As with many of his previous
encounters, a battle is fought.

March 30, 1870: Based on the Congressional Act of April 8th,
1864, and today's Executive Order by President Grant, Round
Valley Reservation is established in Mendicino County,
California. It one day houses Clear Lake, Concow, Little
Lake, Nomelaki, Pit River, Potter Valley, Redwood, Wailaki,
and Yuki Tribes, in fifty and a half square miles.

March 31, 1882: The Havasupai Reservation boundaries, in
Arizona, are modified.


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That's it for now. There will be more before the end of the month.

Have a great month.

Phil Konstantin
http://americanindian.net


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End of Phil Konstantin's March 2007 Newsletter - Part 1
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Start of San Diego Cherokee Community Organizational Meeting Notice
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Greetings,

Please pass this information along to all Cherokees,
or people interested in things Cherokee, who might in
San Diego County in late March, 2007...


The San Diego Cherokee Community will be having their
first general membership/organizational meeting on
March 25, 2007.

Principal Chief Chad Smith, Deputy Chief Joe Grayson,
At-Large Tribal Council representatives, and The
Cherokee Youth Choir are all scheduled to attend.
Hear about issues facing the Cherokee Nation and
learn how you can participate in keeping the nation
strong. Families are welcome.
There will be informational booths/tables including
Registration, Voting Information, General info
regarding the Cherokee Nation, Cherokee Arts &
Crafts interaction, Baskets, Cornhusk dolls, Stickball,
Cherokee Marbles, Storytelling & Cornbread necklaces, etc.

In true Cherokee fashion, this is a community pot
luck event! We will have arts, crafts and a "traditional"
Cherokee hog fry. Please bring the following dish
according to the first letter of your last name:

A-I: Drinks
I-Q: Dessert
R-Z: Ice

All Cherokees and anyone interested in things Cherokee
are welcome to attend.

San Diego Cherokee Community
De Anza Cove on Mission Bay
3000 East Mission Bay Drive
San Diego CA 92109
1:00 p.m. to 4:00 p.m.

Please visit our website for more information at:
http://americanindian.net/SDCC/events.html

or by e-mail at:

sandiegocherokeecommunity @ yahoo.com

Submitted by Phil Konstantin
Interim Council member

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That's it for now.

Have a great month.

Phil Konstantin
http://americanindian.net


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End of San Diego Cherokee Community Organizational Meeting Notice
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Four of the five books I have worked on. I either wrote, co-wrote, or contributed to each of these beeks

This is the cover to my first book. 
Click here to got more info, or to order a copy. Click on the cover to order a copy or to get more info.
This Day in North American Indian History
This Day in North American Indian History is a one-of-a-kind, vastly entertaining and informative book covering over 5000 years of North American Indian history, culture, and lore. Wide-ranging, it covers over 4,000 important events involving the native peoples of North America in a unique day-by-day format.

The thousands of entries in This Day in North American Indian History weave a compelling and comprehensive mosaic of North American Indian history spanning more than five millennia-every entry an exciting opening into the fascinating but little- known history of American Indians.

Over 100 photographs and illustrations - This book has 480 pages, weighs 2.2 pounds and is 8" by 9.5" in size. The Dates, Names and "Moons" section of these pages are based on the book.

This is the cover to my 4th book. 
Click here to got more info, or to order a copy or to get more info.
This is the cover to my 4th book. Click here to got more info, or to order a copy or to get more info."


Native American History For Dummies

I wrote six of the twenty-four chapters in this book. I am credited with being the technical editor. Book Description:
Native American History For Dummies introduces readers to the thousand-year-plus history of the first inhabitants of North America and explains their influence on the European settlement of the continent. Covering the history and customs of the scores of tribes that once populated the land, this friendly guide features vivid studies of the lives of such icons as Pocahontas, Sitting Bull, and Sacagawea; discusses warfare and famous battles, offering new perspectives from both battle lines; and includes new archaeological and forensic evidence, as well as oral histories that show events from the perspective of these indigenous peoples. The authors worked in concert with Native American authorities, institutions, and historical experts to provide a wide range of insight and information.
This is the cover to my 3rd book. 
Click here to got more info, or to order a copy or to get more info.
This is the cover to my 3rd book. Click here to got more info, or to order a copy or to get more info
Treaties With American Indians I wrote an article and several appendix items for this book.
Clips from a review on Amazon.com: *Starred Review* In the 93 years from 1778 until 1871, there were more than 400 treaties negotiated by Indian agents and government officials. Editor Fixico and more than 150 contributors have crafted a three volume comprehensive tool that will soon become essential for anyone interested in the topic. A resource section with lists of ?Alternate Tribal Names and Spellings,? ?Tribal Name Meanings,? (<---- I wrote this part) Treaties by Tribe,? and ?Common Treaty Names? and a bibliography and comprehensive index are repeated in each volume. This impressive set has a place in any academic library that supports a Native American studies or American history curriculum. It is the most comprehensive source of information on Canadian-Indian treaties and U.S.-Indian treaties. Also available as an e-book.

"The Wacky World of Laws"
It was just released in May 2009.
The Wacky World of Laws. Click on the cover to order a copy or to get more info.

The Wacky World of Laws is a compilation of U.S. and International Laws that are out of the ordinary. With the U.S. churning out 500,000 new laws every year and 2 million regulations annually, this book is the ideal go-to book fro everyone who wants a good laugh at the expense of our legal system. Law so often can be boring! Now with The Wacky World of Laws, you can be the hit of any water cooler conversation, and amaze your friends with precious legal nuggets.

I wrote most of this book. It is my fifth book.


(copyright, © Phil Konstantin, 2010)






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