. . . . . . . . =============================== Start of the March 2003 Newsletter - Part 2 =============================== Greetings (O'siyo in Cherokee), It took me a couple of days longer than I planned to get this half of the newsletter out. Sorry about that.... I got a bit too busy to do justice to my look at the movie The Doe Boy. So, that will come in the next newsletter. ========================================== If you have the time, I would appreciate your help on a project. I am compiling a list of the enrollment requirements for as many tribes as I can find. I have them for the Cherokee and the Yaqui. If you know of any others, please let me know what they are. For example, a blood quantum (if you have one), must live in a certain area, be a direct blood relation of someone on a tribal roll, speak the tribal language, etc. For my branch of the Cherokee Nation, you must be a direct blood relative of someone on the official rolls taken around 1900. You must get a "Certified Degree of Indian Blood" card from the BIA. There is no blood quantum, and you do not have to live near the tribal headquarters. There are two other federally recognized Cherokee Tribes. For the Eastern Band Of Cherokee Indians it is (and I quote): direct lineal ancestor must appear on the 1924 Baker Roll of the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Blood Quantum: must possess at least 1/16th degree of Eastern Cherokee blood. For the Keetoowah (and I quote): Today, in order to be a member of the United Keetoowah Band of Cherokee Indians in Oklahoma, individual Cherokee Indians must be at least one-quarter Cherokee Indian blood and be a descendant of an individual on the (certified) 1949 roll or the final rolls of the Cherokee Nation, which were closed in 1907. Thanks, ========================================== Lone Ranger and Tonto Jokes & rhymes (you'll see why later): The Lone Ranger tells Tonto that he is going into town to see the widow Jones. The masked man asks Tonto to guard their silver mile. Tonto says: "As usual, Lone Ranger gets the woman, and Tonto gets the shaft. Hi-ho silver, everywhere Tonto lost his underware Tonto say, "me no care, Lone Ranger buy me streamlined pair." The Lone Ranger and Tonto are camping in the prairie. They awaken to the sounds of rustling in the nearby mesquite. They look to the west, and there are over 100 Comanche wearing war paint. To the south are over 200 Apache warriors. To the north is a large band of Cheyenne who are on the war path. To the east are another hundred angry Pawnees. The Lone Ranger says to Tonto: "Well, Tonto, we are surrounded. This looks like the end of us." Tonto replies: "what do you mean by us, white man." =========================================== Here are a few more posts from subscribers to the newsletter: Thanks to Jason Spaulding: UNITED STATES V. NAVAJO NATION (01-1375) Web-accessible at: http://supct.law.cornell.edu/supct/html/01-1375.ZS.html Argued December 2, 2002 -- Decided March 4, 2003 Opinion author: Ginsburg -------------------------------------------------------------- Board of Directors After reviewing our records,the Native American Journalists Association has found that we do , indeed, have one vacancy on the board of directors coming up this year in June, 2003. This job offers no pay, long hours but a whole lot of personal satisfaction and a real chance to make a difference. NAJA members interested in running for the board must declare their candidacy by April 30, 2003 to the NAJA office. Declarations may be sent via, email, fax or mail and must include the candidates name, complete contact information and place of employment. Declarations should also include a short bio and reasons for running as well as potential contributions that candidates hope to make to the organization. Terms are for three years. Native American Journalists Association U of S. Dakota 414 E. Clark St Vermillion, SD 57069 866-694-4264 fax firstname.lastname@example.org Qualifications: Candidates must be at least 18 years old and working journalists who earn at least 51% of their income from journalism. (Journalism educators and journalism students are exempt). A journalist is someone who works in the gathering, writing, editing, publishing, photographing and dissemination of news through, but not limited to, a newspaper, magazine, radio, television station or web publication owned and operated by a news media outlet. In addition, EXPERIENCE IN FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT, CORPORATE MANAGEMENT, FUNDRAISING OR WORKING WITH NON-PROFIT ORGANIZATIONS IS A PLUS. Candidates must be NAJA members in good standing. Only one person per publication or medium shall serve on the board. NAJA Board of Directors Duties and Responsibilities 1. Perhaps the most important responsibilities of board service are understanding and participating in the fiduciary and legal responsibilities as the governing body of NAJA and ensuring that these requirements are met. 2. Attend meetings and participate in conference calls. Prepare for meetings by reading and understanding material sent to them beforehand by staff and executive committee. There are two in-person meetings per year, the fall retreat and the convention and approximately 10 one-hour teleconference meetings. The president will establish a meeting schedule with input of board members. Any member of the board of directors for NAJA may be removed from office for failure to attend three (3) duly called meetings. NAJA Charter Article IX Section 5. Board members are also expected to serve actively on committees, attend the annual conference and other NAJA events. 3. Board members will be alert to any actual or implied conflicts of interest, and will notify the NAJA president or executive committee of any conflict. Board members are expected to sign an agreement to this effect upon election which also includes a commitment to contribute financially at a level appropriate for them to NAJA. 4. Board members fully approve the mission, goals, objectives, programs and services of NAJA as an organization dedicated to promoting Native American communications and its practioners. 5. Board members should have support from their employers in the form of time and expenses related to NAJA board service. Board members are responsible for all expenses related to board service, however members may request help with travel, lodging and related expenses from the board in the form of a written request. Approval is based on need and funds available. NAJA Election Process Voting eligibility is open to individual and student members of the Native American Journalists Association. Current members are eligible to vote. Members are required to provide a photo ID and a search of those individuals will be done with the membership list. Those individual and student members identified by the list are eligible to vote. Any individual eligibility concerns will be addressed to Keith Skenandore, chair of the election committee, the committee will make a final determination of eligibility. ------------------------------------------------------------------ Thanks to Julie Marz: Subject: opening for Resource Teacher Specialist Salem-Keizer School District is advertising for a Teacher Resource Specialist to serve as the coordinator of the Indian Education Program. This person must have a valid Oregon teaching certificate, and three years of teaching experience as a classroom teacher or equivalent in experience in working with Native youth. Applicant must have knowledge of the needs of Native American students, and of community, agency, and other resources available to help them. Vision and strong sense of purpose are desirable. Preference will be given to Native American Applicants. The program serves K through 12th grade, and includes school year tutoring, summer school, Native American Leadership Academy, and cultural activities. Position opens February 3 and will remain open until filled. All out-of-district applicants must use the Salem-Keizer website at http://www.salkeiz.k12.or.us/ to submit an application. ----------------------------------------------------------------------- Scholar sought for reference book on Native American literature Publication Deadline: 2003-05-01 Date Submitted: 2003-02-24 Announcement ID: 132863 A scholar is sought to write a substantial reference book on Native American literature. The audience will comprise high school and college students, scholars, teachers, librarians, and general readers. The ideal candidate will have a PhD in Native American studies, literature, or another relevant field; a good knowledge of the topic; the ability to write for a broad audience; and time over the next one to two years to write the book. Publications in the field are desirable but not essential. The author will receive a royalty contract and a modest advance. Interested scholars should send a c.v. and, if available, one or two short writing samples. Henry Rasof Consulting Editor 116 Monarch St Louisville, CO 80027 Phone:(303) 664-0183 Email: email@example.com - Box 5653 + Flagstaff, AZ 86011 ( 928.523.9648 7 928.523.8855 --------------------------------------------------------------------- From Arigon Starr: I'm in the cast of "The Buz'Gem Blues" here in Hollywood. Acting. For money! With Michael Horse! First of all, for those of you who don't speak Ojibway (there might be one or two of you), "Buz'Gem," pronounced Buzz-Gum, means boyfriend or girlfriend. The play is a romantic comedy from Drew Hayden Taylor, an award-winning Canadian-Ojibway playwright. If you're wondering if you can find love at an Elders' Conference, "The Buz'Gem Blues" will answer all of your questions. Produced by Native Voices at the Autry, the "Buz'Gem Blues" opens for previews this Thursday, March 6th and Friday, March 7th. The gala opening takes place on Saturday, March 8th in the Wells Fargo Theater. Times and ticket information are listed below. In a surprising twist -- I will also be appearing at the Autry Museum of Western Heritage for a full-on concert on Sunday, March 23rd at 1:00 PM. The show is free with museum admission. My understudy (Mary Cordova) is absolutely thrilled. March 23rd is the last performance of "Buz'Gem Blues" -- and she'll get to step into my acting shoes so I can do my music gig. Isn't that cool? Thanks again for enjoying my music. I am absolutely having the time of my life. It's only a matter of time until I'm doing my Native-themed movie with George Clooney. Aaay! ====================================================== Here are some random historical events: March 1, 1524: Giovanni da Verrazano, sailing for France, anchors near Wilmington, North Carolina, in the "Dauphine.” He kidnaps an Indian child they encounter to bring back to Europe. Some sources report this happening on March 7th. March 2, 1889: The original confines of the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation are defined by an Act (25 Stat. L. 888) according to the Constitution of the Oglala Sioux Tribe of the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation. Section 11 of the Act which allocated lands to individual tribal members and provided that "the United States does and will hold the land thus located for a period of twenty-five years, in trust for the sole use and benefit of the Indian to whom such allotment shall have been made." March 3, 1791: An Act of Congress gives the Kaskaskia Indians a 320-acre tract of land near the Kaskaskia township. March 4, 1541: Chickasaw Indians attack de Soto's forces. They set fire to the huts de Soto's men are using. Approximately twelve Spaniards are killed. They lose a considerable number of their horses, and livestock. The Chickasaw suffer only minimal losses. March 5, 1980: Harold Smith also known as the popular American Indian actor, Jay Silverheels died on this day. Silverheels was the first American Indian actor to have a star placed in Hollywood's Walk of Fame along Hollywood Boulevard. His middle name was Jay. Life for Jay Smith Silverheels - that is the name he legally adopted later - began on the Six Nations Indian Reserve in Ontario on May 26, 1919. Thanks to Northernstars.ca & National Native News March 6, 1836: On February 27, General Edmund Gaines' troops were forced into a battle on the Withlacoochee River, in central Florida, with the Seminoles. They have continued fighting until today when the Seminoles request a conference. While the talks are being held, General Duncan Clinch, and his troops arrive. These troops are a decisive force, and the battle break off and the Seminoles retreat. March 7, 1539: Mexican Viceroy Don Antonio de Mendoza has decided to send an expedition to search for wealthy cities north of Mexico. Friar Marcos de Niza leaves from Culiacan today. He will “discover” Cibola, although he never sets foot in the pueblo. His report will lead to future expeditions looking for the “Seven Cities of Gold.” March 8, 1782: Monrovian missionaries have converted many Delaware, Mahican, and Munsee Indians to Christianity. They have established villages in Pennsylvania in 1746, but move them to the Muskingum River in Ohio in 1773 after their old villages are attacked by other Indian tribes. Unfortunately, at the outbreak of the American Revolutionary war, the “Moravian” Indians found themselves directly between American and British forces, and their allies. Both sides believe the “Moravians” are helping the other. Today, Colonel David Williamson, and American soldiers from Pennsylvania, surround the peaceful village of Gnadenhutten (the second village of the name, the first had been in Pennsylvania), and herd the occupants into two houses. While some of the militia refused to participate, the majority of the soldiers decide to kill all of the “Moravians.” After allowing them to have a final prayer, the soldiers kill the ninety-six Indian men, women, and children in cold blood. (Some sources say this happens on the 7th.) March 9, 1768: According to some sources, Shawnee Pucksinwah's third child, Tecumseh (The Panther Passing Across) is born. His mother is Methotasa (A Turtle Laying Her Eggs in the Sand). March 10, 1760: The Mi’kmaq of Richibuto and Mouscadaboet sign a treaty with the British of Nova Scotia. March 11, 431: Palenque Maya Lord Bahlum - Kuk ascends the throne according to the museum at Palenque. March 12, 1771: Spaniards under Father Junipero Serra begin construction of the Presidio (or fort) in what becomes San Diego, California. It is built on the bluffs above the Kumeyaay village of Cosoy. March 13, 1857: The Senate rejects six different treaties made with Indians of the American Southwest. March 14, 1697: The last of the independent Maya tribes, called the Itza, are finally conquered by the Spanish. The Spanish attack and defeat the Itza at their capital city of Tayasal, Guatemala. March 15, 1697: The northwestern Massachusetts town of Haverhill is attacked by Abenaki Indians. Hannah Dustin, her newborn child, and their nurse are among the captives. While leaving the area, an Indian kills the child for fear its crying will give them away. In one of the most famous escapes of the era, Dustin bided her time for a month and a half. Finally seeing their opportunity, Dustin and the nurse kill all of their sleeping captors with an ax, except an old woman, and a child. Dustin, brings back her captors' scalps, for which she is paid twenty-five pounds by the Massachusetts Government. March 16, 1700: According to records kept by French missionaries, lightning strikes the temple in the Taensa village on Lake Saint Joseph near modern Newellton, Louisiana. The temple catches fire. The tribal shaman tell the women of the tribe to throw their small children into the fire to appease the angry god who started the fire. French priest Francois Joliet de Montigny attempts to stop the women. March 17, 1830: Members of the Choctaw "rump" council, sign a treaty selling Choctaw lands, and agreeing to moving west. The paper eventually goes to Washington, along with protests from the "non-rump" Indians. The treaty does not get Senate approval. March 18, 1837: As a part of the treaty signed on March 6th, Seminole Chief Mikanopy surrenders to General Jesup. He is prepared to move to the Indian Territory (present day Oklahoma). March 19, 1885: Louis Riel’s Metis establishes a government at Batoche. They also declare themselves independent from Canada. This is a significant event in “Riel’s Rebellion.” March 20, 1699: Continuing his exploration up the Mississippi River, French explorer Pierre le Moyne d'Iberville visits the village of the Houma Indians. March 21, 1873: General Canby decides not to wait for the Modocs to meet him and the peace commissioners at Fairchild Ranch. Instead, he leads a small detachment to Captain Jack's lava bed stronghold. Jack agrees to meet Canby and they discuss several matters. Canby promises to treat the Modocs well if they come out of the lava beds. Captain Jack asks the soldiers to leave, because all they want is to continue their normal lives. With no headway being made on either side, the meeting breaks up. March 22, 1803: On March 12th, the American fur-trading ship “Boston” anchored in Nootka Sound on Vancouver Island. The crew began trading with the Nootka Indians. Today, the ship’s captain insults a Nootka Chief. The Nootka attack the ship’s crew. Only two crew members survive. March 23, 1859: Fort Stockton, in west Texas, is established on the San Antonio-El Paso road where it crosses the Comanche war trail. The fort is named in honor of Commodore Robert Stockton, "who captured California for the United States". The fort is abandoned by U.S. Army troops, during the Civil War, until 1867. It is permanently abandoned on June 30, 1886. March 24, 706: As part of a series of attacks on neighboring cities in Guatemala, Maya warriors from Naranjo attack Yootz. March 25, 1839: Peter Hilderbrand, and 1,312 of his original group of 1,776 forced Cherokee emigrants arrive in the Indian Territory (present day Oklahoma). This is the last of the major groups of arriving Cherokees in the Indian Territory. The migration is called "the Trail of Tears.” Although figures vary according to the source, it is believed almost 12,000 Cherokees survived the emigration. Almost 4,000 died during the move. March 26, 1676: The English attack Chief Canonchet, and his Narraganset followers, at Patuxet. Many of the English are killed in the fighting. March 27, 1756: Lieutenant Gaspard-Joseph Chaussegros de Lééry is leading a force of 251 Canadians and 103 Iroquois, Abenaki and Nepissing Indians. They attack the British garrison of seventy soldiers at Fort Bull (also called Wood Creek Fort) near modern Rome, New York. All but twenty-eight of the soldiers are killed in the fighting. Knowing reinforcements will soon be arriving from nearby Fort William, Lééry leaves soon after destroying most of the fort’s supplies. Due to the vicious nature of the fighting, the British call this the “Massacre at Fort Bull.” March 28, 1833: Several Seminoles have been sent to Indian Territory (present day Oklahoma) to look over the areas proposed as their new lands. The Seminoles in Indian Territory were only sent to look at the land, but the government has them sign an agreement that the land is adequate, and to commit the Seminoles to removal. The agreement is signed at Fort Gibson, in western Oklahoma and is called the Fort Gibson Treaty (7 stat. 423). The Payne's Landing Treaty (7 stat. 368) of May 9, 1832 stated the Seminoles have to be satisfied with the report of the delegation to Indian Territory, before they agree to move. The government words the new agreement so that the Seminoles in Florida do not get to discuss the matter. While the Seminole delegation is satisfied with the lands, and being with their former kin, the Creeks, they are not satisfied with the proximity of the belligerent plains Indians. Upon the return of the delegation to Florida, the Seminole Nation repudiates the agreement, with the exception of John Blunt, and his Apalachicola followers. The enforcement of this illegal treaty by the American government leads to the start of the Second Seminole War. March 29, 1542: Hernando de Soto's expedition reaches the territory of the Anilco Indians. As with many of his previous encounters, a battle is fought. March 30, 1824: Southern officials feel that the U.S. government should remove the Indians from their states. Georgia asks President James Monroe to remove the Indians based on an agreement whereby Georgia released western lands it claimed, to the United States. Monroe says the U.S. government is not required to do so, "Indian title was in no way affected by the compact with Georgia." March 31, 1885: According to the Oklahoma Law Enforcement Memorial, Captain Thomas Cloud and Officer Sam Cudgo, are part of a Seminole Lighthorse posse. On Mar29, the posse attempted to arrest Rector Roberts when he barricaded himself in a hut and opens fire on the posse. The first shot hits Officer Cudgo in the stomach and the next bullet strikes Captain Cloud in the left leg. The rest of the posse returns fire and kills Roberts. Officer Cudgo dies within the hour on March 29th. Captain Cloud dies today. ================================== That's it for the second half of this month's newsletter. Have a great and safe month, Phil firstname.lastname@example.org http://americanindian.net p.s., anything below the next line is an ad for the company which allows me to distribute the newsletter for free... ============================== End of the March 2003 Newsletter - Part 2 ============================== . . . . . . .
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