March 2003 Newsletter Part 1 from
"On This Date in North American Indian History"
by Phil Konstantin
Copyright © Phil Konstantin (1996-2002)

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  =======================================
  State of March 2003 Newsletter - Part 1 
  =======================================

  Greetings,

  I hope all is well with you. Based on a question from a previous 
  newsletter, I thought I would remind you of something. Anything above 
  the line above which says "Start of March 2003 Newsletter" is an ad from 
  the company which runs the website through which I distribute this 
  newsletter. The newsletter comes out for free, so they get to put their 
  ads there (also at the bottom). I do not necessarily support or condone 
  the products being advertized there. 

  This newsletter will also come in two parts. I have been a bit busy at 
  work, and the American Indian Studies class I am taking online. The 
  class in proving to be very interesting. We are looking at many subjects 
  which I have covered in some way or another in the newsletter. The class 
  is on contemporary issues in American Indian society. The text is 
  "Native American Voices." It is a collection of articles by a variety of 
  people. It makes for interesting reading.

  I also took a week off this month. I went to Utah to visit a good 
  friend, Haylee Nez. I really love the amazing landscapes of Utah. Haylee 
  was kind enough to loan me her couch. She also too me around to many 
  different places centered around her home south of Provo. She lives at 
  the base of Mt. Nebo. It is an great looking mountain which rises almost 
  7,000 feet from the valley floor to an elevation of almost 12,000 feet. 
  We also went to Fremont State Park. This is an area with lots of 
  pictographs made by the "Fremont People." I really like rock art, and 
  this was a great place. I'll post some pictures in a few days.

  I will probably be on Washington, D.C. radio station WPFW again tonight 
  (Sunday) at 8pm Eastern Time. You can listen online through their 
  website (or so they say).

  http://www.wpfw.org/

  Some time back, I told you about a website where you could add your name 
  to a spacecraft going to Mars. I thought I would post this update. The 
  final count is 3,551,645 names. If you did add your name, you can see it 
  through this page: http://spacekids.hq.nasa.gov/2003/


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  ========================================

  Every so often, I like the feature the work of an individual. This 
  month's "Link of the Month" is by Patrick Minges. Patrick appears to 
  keep quite busy. His work "I am Keetoowah's Son!" is an extremely 
  detailed, and well annotated look at one aspect of Cherokee culture and 
  history. Even if the Cherokee are not your favorite subject, Patrick's 
  work is well worth visiting. You can find it at: 
  http://users.rcn.com/wovoka/

  Hal and Cheryl Carson passed this site along to me. Thanks!

  ========================================
  ========================================

  This months Treaty of the Month is TREATY WITH THE WYANDOT, Mar. 17, 
  1842 | 11 Stat., 581. It covers such subjects as: Cession of lands to 
  the United States, Grant by the United States to the Wyandotts, Annuity, 
  School, Value of improvements to be paid the Wyandot, Who may share the 
  annuity, Heirs of Horonu, and Reservations.

  You can read the details here:
  http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/wya0534.htm

  ========================================
  ========================================

  Need to find out if there is a federal grant program that might help 
  your American Indian based group? Try the following link:

  http://www.cfda.gov/query/query.idq?CiMaxRecordsPerPage=10&CiScope=%2F&CiRestriction=indian&TemplateName=query&CiSort=rank%5Bd%5D&HTMLQueryForm=query.htm


  ========================================
  ========================================

  Postings from other people:

  I received this e-mail from several people during the last month.

  More great logic provided by American folk lore.

  Wolves

  One evening an old Cherokee told his grandson about a battle that was 
  going on inside himself.

  He said, " My son, it is between 2 wolves. One is evil: Anger, envy, 
  sorrow, regret, greed, arrogance, self-pity, guilt, resentment, 
  inferiority, lies, false pride, superiority and ego.

  The other is good: Joy, peace, love, hope, serenity, humility, kindness, 
  benevolence, empathy, generosity, truth, compassion and faith..."

  The grandson thought about it for a minute and then asked his 
  grandfather, " Which wolf wins? "

  The old Cherokee simply replied, " The one I feed."

  ---------------------------------------

  Joe RedCloud sends me lots of interesting material. Here is an article 
  (from 1998) he passed along to me. While you may not agree with the 
  logic of the article, it does pass along an interesting persective:

  Robert Jensen, Department of Journalism 
  University of Texas, Austin, TX 78712 
  work: (512) 471-1990 rjen-@uts.cc.utexas.edu 

  copyright Robert William Jensen 1998 first appeared in the Baltimore 
  Sun, July 19, 1998 

  by Robert Jensen 

  Here's what white privilege sounds like: 

  I am sitting in my University of Texas office, talking to a very bright 
  and very conservative white student about affirmative action in college 
  admissions, which he opposes and I support. 

  The student says he wants a level playing field with no unearned 
  advantages for anyone. I ask him whether he thinks that in the United 
  States being white has advantages. Have either of us, I ask, ever 
  benefited from being white in a world run mostly by white people? Yes, 
  he concedes, there is something real and tangible we could call white 
  privilege. 

  So, if we live in a world of white privilege--unearned white 
  privilege--how does that affect your notion of a level playing field? I 
  ask. 

  He paused for a moment and said, "That really doesn't matter." 

  That statement, I suggested to him, reveals the ultimate white 
  privilege: the privilege to acknowledge you have unearned privilege but 
  ignore what it means.

  That exchange led me to rethink the way I talk about race and racism 
  with students. It drove home to me the importance of confronting the 
  dirty secret that we white people carry around with us everyday: In a 
  world of white    privilege, some of what we have is unearned. I think 
  much of both the fear and anger that comes up around discussions of 
  affirmative action has its roots in that secret. So these days, my goal 
  is to talk openly and honestly about white supremacy and white 
  privilege. 

  White privilege, like any social phenomenon, is complex. In a white 
  supremacist culture, all white people have privilege, whether or not 
  they are overtly racist themselves. There are general patterns, but such 
  privilege plays out differently depending on context and other aspects 
  of one's identity (in my case, being male gives me other kinds of 
  privilege). Rather than try to tell others how white privilege has 
  played out in their lives, I talk about how it has affected me. 

  I am as white as white gets in this country. I am of northern European 
  heritage and I was raised in North Dakota, one of the whitest states in 
  the country. I grew up in a virtually all-white world surrounded by 
  racism, both personal and institutional. Because I didn't live near a 
  reservation, I didn't even have exposure to the state's only numerically 
  significant non-white population, American Indians. 

  I have struggled to resist that racist training and the ongoing racism 
  of my culture. I like to think I have changed, even though I routinely 
  trip over the lingering effects of that internalized racism and the 
  institutional racism around me. But no matter how much I "fix" myself, 
  one thing never changes--I walk through the world with white privilege.

  What does that mean? Perhaps most importantly, when I seek admission to 
  a university, apply for a job, or hunt for an apartment, I don't look 
  threatening. Almost all of the people evaluating me for those things 
  look like me-they are white. They see in me a reflection of themselves, 
  and in a racist world that is an advantage. I smile. I am white. I am 
  one of them. I am not dangerous. Even when I voice critical opinions, I 
  am cut some slack. After all, I'm white. 

  My flaws also are more easily forgiven because I am white. Some complain 
  that affirmative action has meant the university is saddled with 
  mediocre minority professors. I have no doubt there are minority faculty 
  who are mediocre, though I don't know very many. As Henry Louis Gates 
  Jr. once pointed out, if affirmative action policies were in place for 
  the next hundred years, it's possible that at the end of that time the 
  university could have as many mediocre minority professors as it has 
  mediocre white professors. That isn't meant as an insult to anyone, but 
  is a simple observation that white privilege has meant that scores of 
  second-rate white professors have slid through the system because their 
  flaws were overlooked out of solidarity based on race, as well as on 
  gender, class and ideology. 

  Some people resist the assertions that the United States is still a 
  bitterly racist society and that the racism has real effects on real 
  people. But white folks have long cut other white folks a break. I know, 
  because I am one of them. 

  I am not a genius--as I like to say, I'm not the sharpest knife in the 
  drawer. I have been teaching full-time for six years, and I've published 
  a reasonable amount of scholarship. Some of it is the unexceptional 
  stuff one churns out to get tenure, and some of it, I would argue, 
  actually is worth reading. I work hard, and I like to think that I'm a 
  fairly decent teacher. Every once in awhile, I leave my office at the 
  end of the day feeling like I really accomplished something. When I cash 
  my paycheck, I don't feel guilty. 

  But, all that said, I know I did not get where I am by merit alone. I 
  benefited from, among other things, white privilege. That doesn't mean 
  that I don't deserve my job, or that if I weren't white I would never 
  have gotten the job. It means simply that all through my life, I have 
  soaked up benefits for being white. I grew up in fertile farm country 
  taken by force from non-white indigenous people. I was educated in a 
  well-funded, virtually all-white public school system in which I learned 
  that white people like me made this country great. There I also was 
  taught a variety of skills, including how to take standardized tests 
  written by and for white people. 

  All my life I have been hired for jobs by white people. I was accepted 
  for graduate school by white people. And I was hired for a teaching 
  position at the predominantly white University of Texas, which had a 
  white president, in a college headed by a white dean and in a department 
  with a white chairman that at the time had one non-white tenured 
  professor. 

  There certainly is individual variation in experience. Some white people 
  have had it easier than me, probably because they came from wealthy 
  families that gave them even more privilege. Some white people have had 
  it tougher than me because they came from poorer families. White women 
  face discrimination I will never know. But, in the end, white people all 
  have drawn on white privilege somewhere in their lives. 

  Like anyone, I have overcome certain hardships in my life. I have worked 
  hard to get where I am, and I work hard to stay there. But to feel good 
  about myself and my work, I do not have to believe that "merit," as 
  defined by white people in a white country, alone got me here. I can 
  acknowledge that in addition to all that hard work, I got a significant 
  boost from white privilege, which continues to protect me every day of 
  my life from certain hardships. 

  At one time in my life, I would not have been able to say that, because 
  I needed to believe that my success in life was due solely to my 
  individual talent and effort. I saw myself as the heroic American, the 
  rugged individualist. I was so deeply seduced by the culture's mythology 
  that I couldn't see the fear that was binding me to those myths. Like 
  all white Americans, I was living with the fear that maybe I didn't 
  really deserve my success, that maybe luck and privilege had more to do 
  with it than brains and hard work. I was afraid I wasn't heroic or 
  rugged, that I wasn't special. 

  I let go of some of that fear when I realized that, indeed, I wasn't 
  special, but that I was still me. What I do well, I still can take pride 
  in, even when I know that the rules under which I work in are stacked in 
  my benefit. I believe that until we let go of the fiction that people 
  have complete control over their fate--that we can will ourselves to be 
  anything we choose--then we will live with that fear. Yes, we should all 
  dream big and pursue our dreams and not let anyone or anything stop us. 
  But we all are the product both of what we will ourselves to be and what 
  the society in which we live lets us be.

  White privilege is not something I get to decide whether or not I want 
  to keep. Every time I walk into a store at the same time as a black man 
  and the security guard follows him and leaves me alone to shop, I am 
  benefiting from white privilege. There is not space here to list all the 
  ways in which white privilege plays out in our daily lives, but it is 
  clear that I will carry this privilege with me until the day white 
  supremacy is erased from this society. 

  Frankly, I don't think I will live to see that day; I am realistic about 
  the scope of the task. However, I continue to have hope, to believe in 
  the creative power of human beings to engage the world honestly and act 
  morally. A first step for white people, I think, is to not be afraid to 
  admit that we have benefited from white privilege. It doesn't mean we 
  are frauds who have no claim to our success. It means we face a choice 
  about what we do with our success. 

  Jensen is a professor in the Department of Journalism in the University
  of Texas at Austin. He can be reached at rjen-@uts.cc.utexas.edu.


  -----------------------------------------------

  Roth Torres sent this along:

  Oneida, NY
  Editor/Special Effects
  1-29-2003

  Editor/Special Effects

  Four Directions Entertainment, an American Indian owned production 
  company with ingenuity and forward looking technology, is seeking a 
  qualified Editor with title graphic and special effects experience.Our 
  successful candidate will work well as an integral member of a 
  production team and be open to performing a variety of tasks as needed. 
  Edit and oversee post production for a range of programming, both 
  broadcast and non-broadcast, including: documentary, reality, 
  commercial, studio and drama.

  Bachelor's Degree in related combined with 2-3 years related experience 
  desired, combination of education and experience will be considered. 
  Demonstrates superior aesthetic and editorial judgment,knowledge of 
  videographic techniques, equipment and lighting is a plus.

  Hands on experience with the following is desired: AvidHD, Avid After 
  Effects, Final Cut Pro, Media 100, DVD Authoring, Pro Tools, and 
  Premier. Exceptional communication skills and organizational skills are 
  essential.

  Four Directions Entertainment, an enterprise of the Oneida Indian 
  Nation, provides an enjoyable working environment and atmosphere as well 
  as a competitive salary and excellent benefits package. Interested 
  candidates should submit, a Demo Reel, brief cover letter, resume and 
  list of references to: 
  Human Resources, 223 Genesee Street, Oneida, NY 13421, fax to (315) 
  829-8938 or email ploug-@oneida-nation.org.

  Four Directions Entertainment is an equal opportunity employer.
  -----------------------------------------

  Haylee sent this a bit of information for those of you who have noticed 
  the rise in fuel prices:

  You Think A Gallon Of Gas Is Expensive? Makes one think, and puts 
  things in perspective.

     Lipton Ice Tea 16 oz $1.19 ...... $ 9.52 per gallon
     Diet Snapple 16 oz $1.29 ........ $10.32 per gallon
     Ocean Spray 16 oz $1.25 ....... $10.00 per gallon
     Gatorade 20 oz $1.59 ............. $10.17 per gallon
     Whiteout 7 oz $1.39 ............... $25.42 per gallon
     Brake Fluid 12 oz $3.15 .......... $33.60 per gallon
     Scope 1.5 oz $0.99 ................ $84.48 per gallon
     Pepto Bismol 4 oz $3.85 .........$123.20 per gallon
     Vick's Nyquil 6 oz $8.35 ......... $178.13 per gallon    

          this is the REAL KICKER......
  Evian water 9 oz for $1.49 ........ $21.19 per gallon. 

  $21.19 FOR WATER! ....and the buyers don't even know the source. But 
  then again Evian spelled backwards is naïve.

  So, the next time you're at the pump, be glad your car doesn't run on 
  water, Scope, or Whiteout, or heaven forbid, PEPTO BISMOL or NYQUIL!!!!
      
  Just a little humor to help ease the pain of your next trip to the 
  pump...


  ========================================
  ========================================

  Here are some websites or newstories which might interest you....

  Events mark 30th anniversary of Wounded Knee 
  http://www.indianz.com/News/show.asp?ID=2003/02/26/wk
  http://www.montanaforum.com/rednews/2003/02/28/build/tribal/woundedknee.php?nnn=4


  The Lewis and Clark Bicentenary: Trailing a fallacy 
  http://thenavajotimes.com/opinion.html
  THE NAVAJO RESPONSE TO CRIME by The Honorable Robert Yazzie Chief 
  Justice of the Navajo Nation 
  http://www.american.edu/spa/justice/publications/navajo3.htm

  THE HEALING AND COMMUNITY JUSTICE POLICY of the JUDICIAL BRANCH OF THE 
  NAVAJO NATION 
  http://www.american.edu/spa/justice/publications/navajosp.htm

  Tribes and states stress cooperation not conflict 
  http://www.indianz.com/News/show.asp?ID=2003/02/28/paiute

  Pechanga disenrollment campaign to continue 
  http://www.indianz.com/News/show.asp?ID=2003/02/25/pechanga

  Indian leader asks Bush aid on health, poverty 
  http://www.montanaforum.com/rednews/2003/02/03/build/tribal/us-indianaid.php?nnn=4


  The colonial freedom of federal Indian law
  http://indiancountry.com/?1046256088

  Youngblood wins Native music award at Grammys
  http://www.indianz.com/News/show.asp?ID=2003/02/24/grammy

  The Third Quinnipiac Treaty
  http://www.zwire.com/site/news.cfm?newsid=7199643&BRD=1632&PAG=461&dept_id=8229&rfi=6


  Choctaw tribal cultural director among award recipients
  http://www.sunherald.com/mld/thesunherald/5277392.htm

  Ancient Ways meets modern technology
  http://www.casperstartribune.net/articles/2003/02/16/news/business/44a99a0d7652dec8e7bf736e5cbda828.txt


  Calif. tribe subject to state election laws 
  http://www.indianz.com/News/show.asp?ID=2003/02/28/agua

  News from the North: A digest of First Nations news from Canada
  http://indiancountry.com/?1045581691

  Fight continues to save Kaho'olawe (Hawaii)
  http://the.honoluluadvertiser.com/article/2003/Feb/09/op/op14a.html

  Indian lawmakers say Martz out of touch with tribes 
  http://www.montanaforum.com/rednews/2003/02/10/build/tribal/martz.php?nnn=4


  Cherokee board upholds chief's residency
  http://www.newsok.com/cgi-bin/show_article?ID=992673

  Juneau resident receives Golden Jubilee Medal from Queen Elizabeth II
  http://indiancountry.com/?1045059020

  Editorial: Oklahoma tribes should share with state 
  http://www.newsok.com/cgi-bin/show_article?ID=990041

  Traditional Cheyenne leaders fix modern problem 
  http://www.billingsgazette.com/index.php?display=rednews/2003/02/21/build/local/45-cheyenne-dispute.inc


  The Red Copy
  http://www.theredcopy.com/

  Sacred words: Tribes race against time to preserve native languages
  http://www.jsonline.com/lifestyle/people/feb03/121878.asp

  Seminole Tribe moves to oust Billie for good
  http://www.indianz.com/News/show.asp?ID=2003/02/28/seminole

  Opinion: Approve recognition of Lumbee Tribe 
  http://www.indianz.com/News/show.asp?ID=2003/02/27/lumbee

  Dodd, Lieberman Say Bill Would Not Preclude Tribal Recognition
  http://www.theday.com/eng/web/mktplace/re.aspx?reIDx=df30bc0a-1dc7-49b2-9ff4-b4b6317e1a7a


  Terms of Potawatomi compact defended 
  http://www.dailyreporter.com/news/2_241/construction/7836-1.html

  Local governments want voice in tribal-state casino talks 

  http://www.bayarea.com/mld/mercurynews/news/local/5270663.htm

  First Nations President and ICT Columnist Rebecca Adamson honored in 
  women’s history month
  http://indiancountry.com/?1046359965

  You can succeed, aboriginal youth told
  http://www.canada.com/search/story.aspx?id=7470ec05-c93f-441c-b595-8b159538b7c2


  FBI report responds to claims of unsolved Indian deaths.
  http://www.rapidcityjournal.com/articles/2003/02/27/news/local/news02.txt


  Oregon mayor meets with tribe on stadium deal 
  http://www.indianz.com/News/show.asp?ID=2003/02/28/grandronde

  The Mexico Solidarity Network indigenous rights program 
  http://www.mexicosolidarity.org/indigenous_rights.html

  Indian termination by Connecticut (with help by anti-Indian media)
  http://indiancountry.com/?1044633100

  Lenape Clan Plans Cultural Center
  http://www.pittsburghlive.com/x/blairsvilledispatch/s_121010.html

  Crownpoint opens MADD chapter in battle against drunk driving
  http://thenavajotimes.com/nation.html

  Firedancers return from shuttle search
  http://www.okit.com/news/2003/mar/firedancer.html

  Indian Gambling Rejected
  http://www.montanaforum.com/rednews/2002/12/18/build/tribal/highstakes.php?nnn=4


  Objections delay Bush's trust fund pick 
  http://www.indianz.com/News/show.asp?ID=2003/02/27/swimmer

  Name Shame
  http://www.reznetnews.org/news/030217_mascot/

  New anti-mascot bill introduced in California legislature
  http://indiancountry.com/?1046446546

  Bill would ban 'squaw' names
  http://www.azcentral.com/news/articles/0224squaw24.html

  Don't balance state budget on backs of sovereign Nations
  http://www.shobannews.com/opinion.html#anchorop4

  'Red Ink' erases Native American stereotypes
  http://www.azcentral.com/news/articles/0225redink25.html

  Meet The Magpie
  http://www.reznetnews.org/news/030224_magpie/

  ========================================
  ========================================

  The second part of this newsletter will be out in a day or two...

  ===========================================
  End of the March 2003 Newsletter - Part One 
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