February 2012 Newsletter from
"This Day in North American Indian History"
by Phil Konstantin
Copyright © © Phil Konstantin (1996-2013)

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Phil Konstantin's February 2012 Newsletter
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Greetings,

San Diego County saw a bit of an uproar when a local tribe
"dis-enrolled" 154 of their members. I have included several links to
news stories about this event below. Some people say it was correcting
an old error. Others say it was casino money greed. Local media covered
this as big news.


Phil

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LINKS OF THE MONTH - FEBRUARY 2012
-----------------------------------

You can see some interesting videos on these two websites...

The Archaeology Channel
http://www.archaeologychannel.org/content/videoguide.asp


Survival in the Weave - Kumeyaay
http://video.google.com/videoplay?docid=3674617428736997919&q=Kumeyaay&hl=en



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TREATY OF THE MONTH
-----------------------

Treaty of Paris 1763: The definitive Treaty of Peace and Friendship
between his Britannick Majesty, the Most Christian King, and the King of
Spain. Concluded at Paris the 10th day of February, 1763. To which the
King of Portugal acceded on the same day.

This treaty ended the French and Indian War.

http://avalon.law.yale.edu/18th_century/paris763.asp


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Pala Band of Mission Indians expelled 154 people from its north San
Diego County tribe

Pala TERMINATES 154 Native Americans 15% of their Tribe: Attorney calls
for Congressional Field Hearings
http://www.originalpechanga.com/2012/02/pala-terminates-154-native-americans-15.html


EXCLUSIVE: Pala tribe expels 154 people
http://www.kumeyaay.com/kumeyaay-news/2663-exclusive-pala-tribe-expels-154-people.html


Pala Indian Tribe Expels 154
http://www.nbcsandiego.com/news/local/Pala-Indian-Tribe-Expels-154-People--138582914.html


California Indian Tribe Expels 154 Members
http://www.kpbs.org/news/2012/feb/02/california-indian-tribe-expels-154-members/


Pala Indian tribe in San Diego County expels 154 members
http://latimesblogs.latimes.com/lanow/2012/02/indian-tribe-in-northern-san-diego-county-expels-154-members.html




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Anouncements:
(Posted strictly for informational purposes. Unless noted, I do not
vouch for these people or groups.)

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Deadline: March 16, 2012

Native American Public Telecommunications Invites Applications for
Public Media Content Fund

With support from the Corporation for Public Broadcasting, the Native
American Public Telecommunications' Public Media Content Fund will award
grants for video projects boasting significant Native American
involvement to help bring the projects to public television for national
broadcast.

NAPT invites proposals for projects intended for public television that
represent the values, experiences, histories, and cultures of Tribal
Nations, communities, and people. Programs should be accessible to a
broad audience and have the potential for national broadcast, as well as
the potential to be used for effective outreach and engagement
activities to reach audiences beyond the public television broadcast.

Priority will be given to projects that can be part of an overarching
PBS series about Native American peoples, history, culture, and
contemporary issues. NAPT is particularly interested in projects that
profile Native American leaders, activists, and artists whose work has
great impact on Native culture today. The working title for this
documentary series is "Native Word: Stories Past & Present."

Eligible applicants are independent and public television producers,
filmmakers, and videomakers. Applicants must exercise artistic,
budgetary, and editorial control of the project; own the copyright; be
at least 21 years of age and a citizen or legal resident of the United
States or its territories; and have previous television or filmmaking
experience as demonstrated by video work samples submitted with the
application.

NAPT will consider funding projects at any production stage. Awards for
research and development will range from $5,000 to $20,000, awards for
production or post-production will range from $25,000 to $100,000, and
awards for new media will range from $5,000 to $20,000. Because NAPT
does not fully fund programs, awardees are required to seek additional
funding from other sources.

For complete fund guidelines and application materials, visit the NAPT
Web site.

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Date: Sat, 28 Jan 2012 19:17:16 +0000
From: Black Mesa Indigenous Support 
Subject: Updated Information: RED ALERT! Black Mesa/Big Mountain
livestock impoundments happening now!


UPDATED INFORMATION: RED ALERT! BLACK MESA/BIG MOUNTAIN LIVESTOCK
IMPOUNDMENTS HAPPENING NOW!

Alert! Take Action Now!

In the last two days, livestock impoundment crews have confiscated
calves and stolen and immediately sold horses belonging to several Dineh
people of Big Mountain/Black Mesa, Arizona. These livestock impoundments
constitute human rights violations against traditional Dineh (Navajo);
they take away one of their major food sources and one of the main
sources of their livelihood. This is a tactical move to further
genocidal relocation policies.

Even though it is Saturday, call now and throughout the week and flood
their lines and answering machines.  Say that the elders need their
animals to survive, these confiscations are WRONG, that we are watching,
and that we see this ongoing harassment as part of cultural genocide. 
Also, make sure to ask that they stop driving quads illegally through
sensitive environments.

Please Call The Hopi tribal chairman's office @ 928-734-3102. Ask for
the chair, LeRoy Shingoitewa who made the direct order for the
impoundments and stolen horses.

We're collecting funds to pay for livestock reclamation. We know it will
be at least $500. The amount increases daily.  You can go here to donate
now: http://blackmesais.org/donate/

Many Thanks for Your Support. Stay in touch!

The BMIS Collective: Hallie, Berkley, Liza, Derek, and Tree
Our mailing address is:
Black Mesa Indigenous Support
P.O. Box 23501
Flagstaff, AZ 86002

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Help Bring Jim Thorpe Home by Participating in an Online Petition
http://www.nativenewsnetwork.com/help-bring-jim-thorpe-home-by-participating-in-an-online-petition.html


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Tribe Thanks Secretary Salazar For Righting Wrongs Of The Past



The Kawaiisu Tribe of Tejon thanks Secretary Ken Salazar for
“Reaffirming” the Tribe to the list of Federally Recognized Tribes
in the United States according to a news release on January 3, 2012
by Indianz.com, who were the first to break the good news, and it
quickly spread through Indian Country.

Tribal Chair David Laughing Horse Robinson is thankful the Tribe
will see a new future in 2012.They have been fighting a legal case
for two years in California Federal Court, docket number
1:09-cv-01977, to stop development on their Indian Reservation
at the Tejon Ranch near Los Angeles, that gives the corporation
permission to unearth the burial remains and spiritual burial objects
of thousands of their ancestors that died on the reservation. The
timing of regaining recognition, while awaiting a ruling on the
Federal Case is an unexpected gift that the Tribe embraces with
gratitude.

Laughing Horse said, “Well, on the one side I wish this had
happened two years ago so we did not have to go to court, but
today, we are overwhelmed with joy and happiness. This has been
a hard road for over 160 years and this will help in resolving the
case before the court today. At issue before the court now is getting
our land back which was assigned under Treaty. We actually signed
two Treaties, first on December 30, 1849 and again for Tejon
Reservation in June of 1851. We also have over 100 allotments
because of these Treaties. “Reaffirming of Recognition,” means
that Congress and the President of the United States recognize the
Tribe through the Treaty, because the Treaty represents prior Federal
Recognition. The United States now is back in compliance with the
Treaty, except for the Tejon Reservation and Graves issues. Though
the wait has been long and painful, we are pleased that our tribal
families can step out of the 18th century and experience the
20th century as other US citizens do: electricity and water in their
homes, elders with medical care, children who can look forward to
a college education and day care so parents can work while their
children are safe. As each of us Elders have watched our
grandchildren born we were worried that this day might never
come and we are thankful to the kind guidance of our Ancestors
in this struggle.”

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The Power of Chocolate

Power of Chocolate FestivalSaturday, Feb. 11 and Sunday, Feb. 12
10 am to 4:30 pm

National Museum of the American Indian
4th St. and Independence Blvd. SW
Washington, D.C.

The National Museum of the American Indian (NMAI) celebrates one of the
world’s most beloved foods, chocolate. Theobroma cacao was for the
Maya and the Aztec peoples, as its Latin name indicates, a “food of
the gods.” Our festival presents a rare opportunity for visitors to
explore chocolate’s culture, history, and place in contemporary
society

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Request for Native American Short Film for Use on PBS Pilot
Submitted by eric on January 23, 2012 - 10:32am
Printer-friendly version
Date/time:
February 25, 2012 - 11:59pm

The Futuro Media Group in conjunction with NAPT is requesting short
(very short) independent film submissions to air as part of a PBS pilot
called “America By the Numbers.”  The pilot episode is called “Do
It Yourself (DIY) Democracy.”

Ideally the film would be 1 – 3 minutes and would address one of the
following issues:

    Identity in an increasingly diverse America
    The significance of “immigrants and refugees” to the only true
“native” Americans
    Having a voice
    Democracy or what that means to you
    How notions of democracy sprang from Native culture and traditions
(i.e. what the “settlers” learned from their native hosts…)
    Representation (or lack of it)
    Do It Yourself Democracy
    The importance of self-expression and/or having a vote.

This would be the ender segment of a half hour pilot that will air
nationally on PBS, anchored by PBS and NPR correspondent Maria Hinojosa.
We are looking for a short live action or animated film – it could be
narrative or documentary or performance.  It could be an original piece
or a short excerpt from a larger piece or a work in progress.

Though our budget is limited, we are offering an honorarium for the
work, credit (of course), and the opportunity for the work to be seen
nationally on PBS.  We would also hope that this collaboration
encourages an on-going relationship with “America By the Numbers”
should we go to series.

The rest of the pilot:

The pilot will include an opening that is part live action/part animated
- a segment that lays out the growing diversity of this country (based
on the 2010 census) and what those numbers could mean in the upcoming
election.  This will be followed by a segment that looks at democracy in
Clarkston, Georgia, a town of 7500 but home to over 100 nationalities
and languages – refugees from Vietnam, Somalia, Bosnia, Bhutan, Iraq,
Afghanistan, Burma etc...  Situated in the shadow of Stone Mountain,
Georgia, It is one of the most diverse cities in America but the city
council is made up of 6 whites born in America, and an African American
Mayor. 

The acquired short would round out the half hour with an independent
voice.  And it would be great if it could be a Native American voice
from Georgia or the South (since that’s where the bulk of the pilot is
set.)

NMC MediaThe pilot is being produced by The Futuro Media Group a
non-profit media company dedicated to producing multi-platform
journalism that respects and celebrates the diversity of the American
Experience and reports on critical issues and stories that are often
overlooked by mainstream media.  It is being funded by the National
Minority Consortia including NAPT and the Ford Foundation. 

Please submit your films as a link to vimeo or You Tube and send the
links to both Georgiana Lee at NAPT glee3@unl.edu and to

Martha Spanninger at Futuro Media Group mspanninger@futuromediagroup.org

Or send a DVD to:

Martha Spanninger
The Futuro Media Group
87 Lafayette St.; New York, NY 10013

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Nuu-chah-nulth HeaddressBehind the Scenes:
The Real Story of the Quileute Wolves

January 13–May 9, 2012
NMAI on the National Mall
Washington, D.C.

This exhibition brings together rare works of art as a counterpoint to
the supernatural storyline of the popular Twilight films. Interpreted by
the Quileute people of coastal Washington, Behind the Scenes: The Real
Story of the Quileute Wolves offers an intimate look into the tribe's
artwork and wolf creation stories, which are central to the Quileute
world view.

The exhibition includes two wolf headdresses from different regions, as
well as replicas of items used on the Twilight set; a Paddle necklace
symbolizing the "canoe culture," and a necklace made from 3,000-year-old
Olivella shells.

This headdress belonged to Tyler Hobucket (1889–1960) and originates
from the Nuu-chah-nulth First Nation, possibly Nitinat on Vancouver
Island.


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News Articles (in no particular order):
-------------------------------------

Native woman to become first American Indian saint
http://thecirclenews.org/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=632&Itemid=1


Lou Diamond Phillips cast as Indian best friend in TV series
(Interesting, I took the photo you see with this article)
http://64.38.12.138/News/2012/004427.asp

CHEROKEE TRANSLATORS: Cherokee translator making up for lost time
http://www.cherokeephoenix.org/Article/Index/5926

Auto Pact Brings CU Financing to Native Americans
http://www.cutimes.com/2012/01/24/auto-pact-brings-cu-financing-to-native-americans?ref=hp


Mayas Saving Maya Culture - Video
http://www.archaeologychannel.org/content/video/mayassavingmaya.html

Minnesota's prisons locked down as feds target Indian gang
http://www.kumeyaay.com/kumeyaay-news/2656-minnesotas-prisons-locked-down-as-feds-target-indian-gang.html


Indian tribes join forces to save petroglyph site
http://www.reznetnews.org/article/indian-tribes-join-forces-save-petroglyph-site


Michigan Mayor Denies and Apologies for Racist Remarks
http://indiancountrytodaymedianetwork.com/politics?page=2
http://indiancountrytodaymedianetwork.com/politics?page=2#ixzz1lXKAPkG5

Cost of Baker inauguration analyzed
http://www.cherokeephoenix.org/Article/Index/5932

Early man San Antonio River-walkin' about 4,000 years ago?
http://www.kens5.com/news/local/San-Antonio-River-walkin-about-4000-years-ago-137713568.html?utm_source=Southwestern+Archaeology+Today&utm_campaign=54f4bdce89-SAT+Weekly+Broadcast&utm_medium=email


Prehistoric site to be protected
http://www.chieftain.com/news/local/prehistoric-site-to-be-protected/article_40e08778-3760-11e1-8481-0019bb2963f4.html


Tribal members combat unspoken crisis of HIV on Navajo Nation
http://www.kumeyaay.com/kumeyaay-news/2655-tribal-members-combat-unspoken-crisis-of-hiv-on-navajo-nation.html


Indian casinos struggle to get out from under debt
http://www.reznetnews.org/article/indian-casinos-struggle-get-out-under-debt


Mohawk Elected Government and Traditional Longhouse Council in Casino
Rift
http://indiancountrytodaymedianetwork.com/politics
http://indiancountrytodaymedianetwork.com/politics#ixzz1lXJwADkR

First Nations accepting Youth and Culture Fund applications
http://www.cherokeephoenix.org/Article/Index/5927

First Physical Evidence of Tobacco in Mayan Container
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/01/120111113725.htm?utm_source=Southwestern+Archaeology+Today&utm_campaign=54f4bdce89-SAT+Weekly+Broadcast&utm_medium=email


Coastal Commission fines Huntington Beach property owner $430,000
http://www.kumeyaay.com/kumeyaay-news/2635-coastal-commission-fines-huntington-beach-property-owner-430000.html


Native filmmaker to head Santa Fe Univ. film dept.
http://www.reznetnews.org/article/native-filmmaker-head-santa-fe-univ-film-dept


Coast Salish Leaders Advise Young People to ‘Learn the Treaty’
http://indiancountrytodaymedianetwork.com/politics
http://indiancountrytodaymedianetwork.com/politics#ixzz1lXJqElt4

The Difference Between Living and Dying
http://www.lastrealindians.com/2012/01/23/the-difference-between-living-and-dying/


A Week in the Life of the Stereotypical Indian
http://indiancountrytodaymedianetwork.com/ict_sbc/a-week-in-the-life-of-the-stereotypical-indian


Greenland’s Indigenous Struggle With Climate Change in Documentary
http://www.kumeyaay.com/kumeyaay-news/2652-greenlands-indigenous-struggle-with-climate-change-in-documentary-.html


Mayan Ruins in Georgia? Archaeologist Objects
http://gma.yahoo.com/mayan-ruins-georgia-archeologist-objects-222330576--abc-news.html


Annett, K: The Mush Hold Missing Children Investigation
http://whispernthunder.org/Missing_Children.html

Hopi Tribe Sues US Government – Arsenic in Drinking Water Supply
Causing Harm on Reservation
http://indiancountrytodaymedianetwork.com/politics
http://indiancountrytodaymedianetwork.com/politics#ixzz1lXJjS1cz

A Rapper's Dream: The Acculturation of Hip Hop on the Rez
http://www.kumeyaay.com/kumeyaay-news/2638-the-acculturation-of-hip-hop-on-the-rez.html


Blackfeet writer encourages Natives to share their stories
http://www.reznetnews.org/article/telling-small-tales

Balog, R: Iron Eyes Cody or Iron Eyes Dress Code?
http://whispernthunder.org/Iron_Eyes_Cody_Or___.html

Everything You Need to Know About How to Write a Shadow
Report—Indigenous Reports to the UN on Human Rights, Racism in US
http://indiancountrytodaymedianetwork.com/politics
http://indiancountrytodaymedianetwork.com/politics#ixzz1lXJeI5Xb

On Native Language: Contrast between Code Talkers and Suspended
Basketball Player
http://www.nativenewsnetwork.com/on-native-language-contrast-between-code-talkers-and-suspended-basketball-player.html


Urban American Indians Rewrite Relocation's Legacy by Gloria Hillard
http://www.kumeyaay.com/kumeyaay-news/2637-urban-american-indians-rewrite-relocations-legacy-by-gloria-hillard.html


Interior releases $1.9B plan to buy Indian land
http://www.reznetnews.org/article/interior-releases-19b-plan-buy-indian-land


Many resist census race labels
http://nativetimes.com/life/people/6764-many-resist-census-race-labels

US Census Reports Multiple Checked Boxes Leads to Native Demographic
Growth
http://indiancountrytodaymedianetwork.com/politics?page=4
http://indiancountrytodaymedianetwork.com/politics?page=4#ixzz1lXKhXQNb

Speculation – Archaeology’s Greatest Achievement
http://www.lastrealindians.com/2012/01/30/speculation-archaeologys-greatest-achievement/


Cherokee Heirloom Seed Program Sprouts Again
http://www.nativenewsnetwork.com/cherokee-heirloom-seed-program-sprouts-again.html


American Indians in San Francisco for Save the Peaks Hearing
http://www.kumeyaay.com/kumeyaay-news/2632-american-indians-in-san-francisco-for-save-the-peaks-hearing.html


Task force eyes rural, tribal exposure to violence
http://www.reznetnews.org/article/task-force-eyes-rural-tribal-exposure-violence


Oldest living Comanche hits century mark
http://nativetimes.com/life/people/6758-oldest-living-comanche-hits-century-mark


Cherokee Freedmen: One Year Later
http://indiancountrytodaymedianetwork.com/ict_sbc/cherokee-freedment-one-year-later


Russell Means on His Brother Ted, Janklow, Peltier and Indian Killers
http://www.nativenewsnetwork.com/russell-means-on-his-brother-ted-janklow-peltier-and-indian-killers.html


Native American soul-stealing beast 'Tahquitz' comes alive in Riverside
art exhibition
http://www.kumeyaay.com/kumeyaay-news/2623-native-american-soul-stealing-beast-tahquitz-comes-alive-in-riverside-art-exhibition.html


Objectors of Indian trust deal decry open letter
http://www.reznetnews.org/article/objectors-indian-trust-deal-decry-open-letter


Mural at Lethbridge College Depicts First Nations, Métis and Inuit
http://indiancountrytodaymedianetwork.com/2012/02/05/mural-at-lethbridge-college-depicts-first-nations-metis-and-inuit-95885


Who is Indian? Reservation culture vs. Dakota
http://www.lastrealindians.com/2012/01/26/who-is-indian-reservation-culture-vs-dakota/


Zapotec Indians recreate village fiesta in Calif.
http://www.kumeyaay.com/kumeyaay-news/2622-zapotec-indians-recreate-village-fiesta-in-calif.html


Obama holds fundraiser with American Indians
http://www.reznetnews.org/article/obama-holds-fundraiser-american-indians


Utes Issue Ultimatum For Counties
http://indiancountrytodaymedianetwork.com/2012/02/05/utes-issue-ultimatum-for-counties-95702


Hopi Tribe plans February relaunch of Tutuveni newspaper
http://www.indianz.com/News/2012/004394.asp

BIA’s Impact on Indian Education Is an Education in Bad Education
http://indiancountrytodaymedianetwork.com/politics?page=3
http://indiancountrytodaymedianetwork.com/politics?page=3#ixzz1lXKKf8PI

ACHIEVING A BRIGHTER FUTURE FOR TRIBAL NATIONS: 2011 White House Tribal
Nations Conference Progress Report
http://www.whitehouse.gov/sites/default/files/2011whtnc_report.pdf

Tsawwassen First Nation plans mega-mall in British Columbia
http://www.indianz.com/News/2012/004219.asp

First Nations Emphasize Action in Wake of Historic Crown-First Nations
Gathering
http://indiancountrytodaymedianetwork.com/politics?page=4
http://indiancountrytodaymedianetwork.com/politics?page=4#ixzz1lXKVbtuk

Native Sun News: Man working to restore Wounded Knee site
http://64.38.12.138/News/2012/004481.asp

Today will be a day for the Ojibwe to remember
http://www.lakelandtimes.com/main.asp?SectionID=11&SubSectionID=11&ArticleID=14621


A victory in the Intertribal Court of Southern California
http://www.calindian.org/

NCAI’s State of Indian Nations: Looking for Federal ‘Flexibility’
http://indiancountrytodaymedianetwork.com/politics?page=4
http://indiancountrytodaymedianetwork.com/politics?page=4#ixzz1lXKbDnMR

EDITORIAL: Ownership yes, sovereignty no
http://www.nctimes.com/news/opinion/editorial/editorial-ownership-yes-sovereignty-no/article_e676c03c-17c1-5191-b157-c4f28b884258.html


Ho-Chunk Nation still working on off-reservation casino deal
http://64.38.12.138/IndianGaming/2012/024497.asp

Seminole Indians part of West Texas history
http://www.mywesttexas.com/life/article_b4c79536-9ae1-5505-aa50-856e5df50b65.html


Metro State students protest lack of Native classes offered in 2012
http://thecirclenews.org/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=634&Itemid=1


Learn Basic Navajo Medical Terminology
http://indiancountrytodaymedianetwork.com/2012/02/04/learn-basic-navajo-medical-terminology-95942


Sacred Heart Catholic School principal apologizes for benching student
who spoke Menominee
http://www.greenbaypressgazette.com/article/20120202/GPG0101/202020566/

Michelle Sparck: An Alaska Native's review of 'Big Miracle'
http://www.indianz.com/News/2012/004391.asp

Apache chairman Ronnie Lupe defies judge backing his ouster
http://www.azcentral.com/arizonarepublic/local/articles/2012/01/25/20120125apache-chairman-ronnie-lupe-defies-judge-backing-ouster.html


Pine Ridge Reservation still among poorest
http://64.38.12.138/News/2012/004356.asp

Inuit to Harper: Meet With Us Too
http://indiancountrytodaymedianetwork.com/2012/01/26/inuit-to-harper-meet-with-us-too-74926


What if Tomorrow the Treaties Were Honored?
http://www.lastrealindians.com/2012/02/01/what-if-tomorrow-the-treaties-were-honored/#more-339


Quileute Tribe separates fact from 'Twilight' fiction
http://www.indianz.com/News/2012/004286.asp

Horse Nation Exhibit is a Must See for Those Traveling to the Nation's
Capital
http://www.nativenewsnetwork.com/a-song-for-the-horse-nation-review.html

From Tribal Representatives to State Legislatures
http://indiancountrytodaymedianetwork.com/2012/01/25/tribal-representatives-to-state-legislatures-74745


Native Sun News: Tribes cheer denial of Keystone XL permit
http://64.38.12.138/News/2012/004384.asp

Eyewitness Account Of American Treachery In 1880's Southern Arizona
http://tucsoncitizen.com/southern-arizona-guide/2012/02/01/eyewitness-account-of-american-treachery-in-1880s-southern-arizona/


On Becoming One of Tucson’s Banned Authors By Winona LaDuke
http://indiancountrytodaymedianetwork.com/ict_sbc/on-becoming-one-of-tucsons-banned-authors



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Humor and other things (not necessarily Indian related):
---------------------------------------------------------

From: Jeff Tempest

I pointed to two old drunks sitting across the bar from us and told my
friend, “That's us in ten years.”

And he said, “That's a mirror, idiot!”



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History section:

Here are some randomly picked historical events for February
-------------------------------------------------------------

February 1, 1877: By executive order, 7,579.75 acres of land in Arizona
were set aside for the use of the military. It was called Fort Apache.



February 2, 1887: A law was passed that prohibits the use of Indian
languages in schools.



February 3, 1838: The Oneida signed a treaty (7 Stat. 566) in 
Washington, D.C. It ceded some of their land.



February 4, 1847: General Sterling Price returned to the fortified Taos
Pueblo, and two hours of cannonade were again unsuccessful. Price’s
troops attacked and make some headway. The cannon was moved closer and
breached a wall. The troops swarmed through a hole in the church and
other buildings. Many of the Pueblo Indians tried to escape but were cut
down by volunteers stationed to the east of the pueblo. One of the
leaders of the revolt, Jesus de Tafoya, was killed in the fighting.



February 5, 1948: An act (62 Stat. 17) was passed by Congress to
“empower the Secretary to grant rights-of-way for various purposes
across lands of individual Indians or Indian tribes, communities, bands,
or nations.”



February 6, 1793: After William Blount gained the promise of Chickamauga
chiefs to stop their raids and murdering of European settlers on May 29,
1792, the rampages continued. Blount returned to the Chickamauga at
Coyatee with the same request and an offer for the principal chiefs to
visit the “great white father” at Philadelphia. The chiefs
considered the offer, but within the next few months the village was
attacked by Europeans. This hardened the hearts of the Chickamauga and
some of their Cherokee neighbors. The attack continued.



February 7, 1861: Convinced that they would get better treatment from a
southern government than from the one in Washington, D.C., the Choctaw
announce their support of the Confederacy.



February 8, 1887: The Dawes Severalty Act (24 Stat. 388–389) regarding
land allotments took effect. Its official title was “An Act to Provide
for the Allotment of Lands in Severalty to Indians on the Various
Reservations, and to Extend the Protection of the Laws of the United
States and the Territories over the Indians, and for Other Purposes.”



February 9, 1690: Some 300 Indians and French sneaked into the stockade
at Schenectady, New York, during a snowstorm. After posting warriors at
each building, a signal was given, and the primarily Dutch occupants
were attacked. Sixty settlers were killed, and twenty-seven were
captured. Mohawk Indians attempted to rescue some of the captives as
they were marched off to Canada, with little success.



February 10, 1763: “The definitive Treaty of Peace and Friendship
between his Britannick Majesty, the Most Christian King, and the King of
Spain is concluded at Paris the 10th day of February, 1763.” England
claimed sovereignty over all Indians east of the Mississippi River as a
part of the Treaty of Paris.



February 11, 1805: Sacajawea gave birth to a baby boy.



February 12, 1599: Of the seventy Acoma tried for battling with
Spaniards on December 4, 1598, all seventy were found guilty. Today,
Juan de Oñate ordered their punishment. All men over twenty-five years
old had one foot cut off and served as slaves for twenty years. Everyone
from twelve to twenty-five only had a foot cut off.



February 13, 1864: A Civil War battle took place at Middle Boggy Depot
in Indian Territory (modern Atoka County, Oklahoma). Union forces under
Major Charles Willette surprised Confederate forces under Lieutenant
Colonel John Jumper. Jumper commanded members of the Seminole Battalion,
Company A, First Choctaw and Chickasaw Cavalry Regiment, and a
detachment of the Twentieth Texas Regiment. The bluecoats won the fight.



February 14, 1931: Congress passed an act (Public Law No. 667, 71st
Congress) that authorized the president to establish the Canyon de
Chelly National Monument in the Navajo Indian Reservation in
northeastern Arizona. Another act (46 Stat. 1106) was also passed. Its
purpose was to “enable the Secretary to accept donations of funds or
other property for the advancement of the Indian race. An annual report
will be made to Congress on donations received and allocations made from
such donations.”

See my photos of Canyon de Chelly at:
http://americanindian.net/utah2008/canyonchelly/index.html
See my photos of Canyon de Chelly at:
http://americanindian.net/scan/Chelly/CanyondeChellyarea1980s/index.html



February 15, 1831: The U.S. Senate passed a resolution asking President
Jackson if he was going to live up to the Indian Trade and Intercourse
Act passed on March 30, 1802. If he was not going to live up to this
law, they wanted to know why. He responded a week later.



February 16, 1863: An act (12 Stat. l652) stated that all treaties
between the United States and the “Sisseton, Wahpaton, Medawakanton,
and Wahpakoota Bands of Sioux of Dakota are aborgated and annulled” as
far as occupancy or obligations in Minnesota were concerned. This act
took away their lands in Minnesota because of the Santee Sioux Uprising.



February 17, 1690: While traveling through the area, French explorer
Henri de Tonti visited the Natchitoches Confederation (near modern
Natchitoches, Louisiana).



February 18, 1837: General Ellis Wool had been assigned the task of
preventing the Cherokees from revolting after the passage of the New
Echota Treaty on December 29, 1835. General Wool tried to get the
Cherokees to acquiesce to the treaty, but to no avail. He reported
opposition to the treaty was so prevalent that starving Cherokees would
not take help from the government for fear that it might imply their
consent to the treaty.



February 19, 1778: Virginia Governor Patrick Henry was upset by the
actions of several white “frontiersmen” against the Indians. They
had killed Shawnee Chief Cornstalk and four other Shawnees who had lived
in peace with their neighbors. Today Governor Henry wrote a letter to
Colonel William Fleming suggesting that perhaps the murderers were
British agents trying to instigate a fight with the Indians to divert
troops away from the Revolutionary War.



February 20, 1832: Northeastern District Choctaw Chief Peter Pitchlynn
and his followers arrived in Fort Smith in western Arkansas. Floods,
cold weather, low rivers, and mud had delayed their trip considerably.



February 21, 1828: Elias Boudinot (Buck Watie), as editor, established
the Cherokee Phoenix newspaper in New Echota.



February 22, 1740: After leaving Fort Assumption (modern Memphis) with a
force of 180 French troops and 400 Choctaws and Iroquois, French Captain
Pierre Celeron finally arrived at one of the main fortified Chickasaw
villages in the region. After a brief exchange of gunfire by Celeron’s
allies and the Chickasaw, a conference was arranged. Believing
Celeron’s expedition was only the precursor of a major French
expedition, the Chickasaw agreed to return captives, destroy the
bulwarks of their forts, and come to Fort Assumption for formal peace
talks. Celeron’s forces remained in the Chickasaw villages until March
15th.



February 23, 1540: According to some sources, the Coronado expedition
began preparations to get under way.



February 24, 1848: As a part of the war against the Cayuse who attacked
the Whitman Mission in Oregon Country, a fight takes place. The Cayuse
lost eight men, including Chief Gray Eagle, and had five warriors
wounded. Lieutenant Colonel Waters and four other soldiers were wounded.



February 25, 1799: Congress passed “An Act Making Appropriations for
Defraying the Expenses Which May Arise in Carrying into Effect Certain
Treaties Between the United States and Several Tribes or Nations of
Indians.”



February 26, 1860: The Wiyot lived on the upper California coast between
the Little River and the Bear River. An annual ceremony lasting over a
week was held in the village of Tutulwat on an island in the river in
what is now Eureka, California. By Wiyot tradition, everyone was welcome
at the ceremony, including whites. Tonight, after the ceremonies were
finished, a group of men from Eureka sneaked into the village and
attacked the participants. Several other nearby villages were also
attacked. An estimated eighty to 100 Indians were killed in the sneak
attack. An annual vigil is now held on a nearby island to commemorate
the event.



February 27, 1699: Fearing an English takeover of the Mississippi
Valley, Frenchman Pierre le Moyne, Sieur d’Iberville, was granted
permission to establish a series of forts along the lower Mississippi
River. He begins his voyage up the Mississippi. (Also recorded as
happening on March 3.)



February 28, 1675: The Mission Santa Cruz de Sabacola El Menor was
dedicated. The mission was for the Sawoklis Indians on the Apalachicola
River.

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That's it for now.

Stay safe,

Phil Konstantin
http://americanindian.net


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End of Phil Konstantin's February 2012 Newsletter
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Four of the five books I have worked on. I either wrote, co-wrote, or contributed to each of these beeks

This is the cover to my first book. 
Click here to got more info, or to order a copy. Click on the cover to order a copy or to get more info.
This Day in North American Indian History
This Day in North American Indian History is a one-of-a-kind, vastly entertaining and informative book covering over 5000 years of North American Indian history, culture, and lore. Wide-ranging, it covers over 4,000 important events involving the native peoples of North America in a unique day-by-day format.

The thousands of entries in This Day in North American Indian History weave a compelling and comprehensive mosaic of North American Indian history spanning more than five millennia-every entry an exciting opening into the fascinating but little- known history of American Indians.

Over 100 photographs and illustrations - This book has 480 pages, weighs 2.2 pounds and is 8" by 9.5" in size. The Dates, Names and "Moons" section of these pages are based on the book.

This is the cover to my 4th book. 
Click here to got more info, or to order a copy or to get more info.
This is the cover to my 4th book. Click here to got more info, or to order a copy or to get more info."


Native American History For Dummies

I wrote six of the twenty-four chapters in this book. I am credited with being the technical editor. Book Description:
Native American History For Dummies introduces readers to the thousand-year-plus history of the first inhabitants of North America and explains their influence on the European settlement of the continent. Covering the history and customs of the scores of tribes that once populated the land, this friendly guide features vivid studies of the lives of such icons as Pocahontas, Sitting Bull, and Sacagawea; discusses warfare and famous battles, offering new perspectives from both battle lines; and includes new archaeological and forensic evidence, as well as oral histories that show events from the perspective of these indigenous peoples. The authors worked in concert with Native American authorities, institutions, and historical experts to provide a wide range of insight and information.
This is the cover to my 3rd book. 
Click here to got more info, or to order a copy or to get more info.
This is the cover to my 3rd book. Click here to got more info, or to order a copy or to get more info
Treaties With American Indians I wrote an article and several appendix items for this book.
Clips from a review on Amazon.com: *Starred Review* In the 93 years from 1778 until 1871, there were more than 400 treaties negotiated by Indian agents and government officials. Editor Fixico and more than 150 contributors have crafted a three volume comprehensive tool that will soon become essential for anyone interested in the topic. A resource section with lists of ?Alternate Tribal Names and Spellings,? ?Tribal Name Meanings,? (<---- I wrote this part) Treaties by Tribe,? and ?Common Treaty Names? and a bibliography and comprehensive index are repeated in each volume. This impressive set has a place in any academic library that supports a Native American studies or American history curriculum. It is the most comprehensive source of information on Canadian-Indian treaties and U.S.-Indian treaties. Also available as an e-book.

"The Wacky World of Laws"
It was just released in May 2009.
The Wacky World of Laws. Click on the cover to order a copy or to get more info.

The Wacky World of Laws is a compilation of U.S. and International Laws that are out of the ordinary. With the U.S. churning out 500,000 new laws every year and 2 million regulations annually, this book is the ideal go-to book fro everyone who wants a good laugh at the expense of our legal system. Law so often can be boring! Now with The Wacky World of Laws, you can be the hit of any water cooler conversation, and amaze your friends with precious legal nuggets.

I wrote most of this book. It is my fifth book.


(copyright, © Phil Konstantin, 1996-2013)






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