February 2003 Newsletter Part 2 from
"On This Date in North American Indian History"
by Phil Konstantin
Copyright © Phil Konstantin (1996-2002)

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Start of February 2003 Newsletter - Part 2


After taking a break for my carpel tunnel symptoms, here is the rest of 
the newsletter.

If you would like to read any of the previous newsletters, you can find 
them here:


I thought I would post these two items from Part 1 again:

The "Link of the Month" for February 2003 is THE PLAINS CREE: A 
exceptionally detailed site looks at this Canadian First Nation. It 
covers a wide variety of subjects and material. It also has many 
illustrations. I highly recommend it. It can be found at: 


If any of you would like to post a review of my book on Amazon.com, you 
can add it by clicking the "Write an online review and share your 
thoughts with other customers" line on this page on Amazon.com: 




Here are a couple of postings which came in yesterday. I cannot vouch 
for their accuracy or veracity:

Barbara Harris Casting is currently casting for a film. SAG preferences, 
non-union actors welcome. They are seeking SAG - Native American Actors 
-male and female actors who speak Navajo or Ute languages fluently for 
various roles. The job starts in two weeks and must interview/audition 
for the parts.

They are also seeking other Native American Actors for various 
non-tribal specific roles Male Actors - 18+, Female Actors - 18+ 
Non-union actors are welcome to contact the casting office.

If interested please Contact Mary Ellen at 818-500-8249. Please mention 
that you were referred by Duane Humeyestewa it will make a difference.


Spring 2003 Occasional Seminar INTERNATIONAL CULTURAL STUDIES 

"The Queen of Hawai'i Raises Her Solemn Note of Protest: 
Lili'uokalani's Strategies in the Struggle to Save Her Nation"

Dr. Noenoe Silva Political Science, University of Hawai'i at Manoa

Time: 12:00 pm *** NEW TIME ***
Date: Wednesday, February 5th, 2003
Place: East West Center, Burns Hall, 2118

This paper is a chapter in my forthcoming book called Aloha Aina: Native 
Hawaiian Resistance.   In this chapter, I re-read Queen Lili'uokalani's 
actions in resistance to the U.S. intervention and illegal annexation of 
the Hawaiian Islands, using Hawaiian language sources ignored in 
mainstream historiography. The paper examines the Queen's written 
protests to the U.S., emphasizing her relationships with her lahui oiwi 
ponoi (her native people); her mele lahui, or national songs, with 
special attention on the songs she wrote while imprisoned; and letters 
between her and Emma 'A'ima Nawahi of the Hui Aloha Aina while the Queen 
was in Washington DC in 1897-1898. The letters reveal a close 
relationship between the hui and the Queen and provide new information 
and understanding of the organizing that led to the massive 1897 
petition against annexation.   This chapter demonstrates that histories 
of women and native peoples that are absent in mainstream (in this case, 
colonial) historiography can be at least partially recovered by research 
in native language archives.

This presentation is free and open to the public. Co-sponsored by:The 
Departments of Political Science, Women's Studies and the
UHM/EWC International Cultural Studies Certificate Program


The treaty of the month is the TREATY WITH THE MENOMINEE, 1831.Feb. 8, 
1831. | 7 Stat., 342. | John H. Eaton, Secretary of War, and Samuel C. 
Stambaugh, Indian Agent at Green Bay, signed the treaty for the United 
States. The Menominee who signed the treaty were Kaush-kau-no-naive, 
grizzly bear, A-ya-mah-taw, fish spawn, Ko-ma-ni-kin, big wave, 
Ko-ma-ni-kee-no-shah, little wave, O-ho-pa-shah, little whoop, 
Ah-ke-ne-pa-weh, earth standing, Shaw-wan-noh, the south, Mash-ke-wet, 
Pah-she-nah-sheu, Chi-mi-na-na-quet, great cloud, A-na-quet-to-a-peh, 
setting in a cloud, and Sha-ka-cho-ka-mo, great chief. Some of the 
matters covered by the treaty were: Boundaries of Menomonee country. , 
Cession of land to United States for the benefit of the New York 
Indians., Further cession of lands to the United States. , Reservation. 
, Annuity, etc. , Education of Menominees. , New York Indians. and 
Expenses of delegation, etc. .

You can see a transcript of the treaty on this website:


Here are some websites I thought might interest you:

State of the Indian Nations Address :

Land group seeking input from Indian Country 

Legacy of honor

This is the proposed legislation that would terminate the state 
recognized tribes in Connecticut:

CNN's Tucker Carlson jumps on the Indian-bashing bandwagon

S.D. tribe denied seat in land case 

Sho-Ban students send experiment into space 

Cherokees do not want to be "Honored" by Confederate Flag

This Hallowed Ground 

Bear River Massacre Continues to Haunt Utah History After 140 Years 

Federal court to decide on northern band election

Museum balks at turning bones over to aboriginal band 

Montana Gov. Judy Martz and Crow clash

Vandals target Canyons of the Ancients

SPIRIT Magazine, a new current affairs, arts and culture magazine for 
Canadian Aboriginals, is now on newsstands across Canada.

Bush budget cuts funds at tribal college 

Sundance Festival premieres global slate of Native films

Osage Tribe signs largest Gas agreement since 1920 

Harvard's ties to White Earth, the education reservation

Wildfire disaster shakes Apache’s economy

Dann sisters protect Shoshone land

Groups join to study effects of old uranium mines

DORREEN YELLOW BIRD: Learning a hard lesson: 'Don't take space travel 
for granted'

DORREEN YELLOW BIRD COLUMN: Prairie moon lights peaceful path across 

DORREEN YELLOW BIRD COLUMN: Reservations battle more gang activity

Indians Make Up 5% of Tulsa Gangstas

Native Cooking Column by Dale Carson

Returned baskets give Chehalis tribe a piece of its past 

Elders and youth alike on the Northern Cheyenne Reservation in Montana 
still honor the bravery of their 19th century chief Dull Knife. 

Conviction of Indian man for eagle feathers upheld

Tribal presidents: Rainy day has arrived

Blood quantum wins at Flathead; membership decline predicted

Seminoles honor Osceola, visit warrior's grave 

Dream of the Earth: Salute to the White Roots of Peace

'Lost' Cherokee tribe seeks federal recognition 

Maya contend with the New Age

Bill would extend recognition to Duwamish 

Squaxin Tribal Elder Told a Really Good Tale 

Cherokee Nation Gives More Than $1.2 to Public Schools

Toward a common American Indian development

Lewis and Clark celebration should include recognition of Native 
cultures by Wilma Mankiller

So they are not forgotten

Water rights negotiations turn murky 

Bill gives tribes education equity 

Newcomb: Indian casinos an exercise of self-determination

BIA Approves Arizona Tribal State Gaming Compacts 

Indian gambling rejected 

New Bush budget aims to improve trust fund 

A Long Trek to The Truth - A look at a movie on how Australian 
Aboriginal children were taken from their parents


Here are some random historical events:

February 1, 1876: The Secretary of the Interior advises the Secretary of 
War that any Indians who have not returned to their reservations, now 
are under his jurisdiction. The army can use any means to deal with the 
"hostiles.” This primarily involves the plains Indians.

February 2, 1848: The Guadalupe Hidalgo Treaty is signed. It is the 
policy of the United States, in keeping with treaty (9 SAT. 929) 
understanding and long established custom, to provide certain necessary 
services and facilities to Native American Indians.

February 3, 456: Maya King of Tikal (Guatemala) Siyaj Chan K'awill II 
(Stormy Sky) dies according to Maya stele carvings     

February 4, 1829: Mississippi’s House of Representatives passes a law to 
“extend legal process into that part of the state now occupied by the 
Chickasaw and Choctaw tribes of Indians.”

February 5, 1847: The rebel Pueblo Indians, and Mexicans, of Taos 
surrender to General Sterling Price. They hand over rebel leader Pablo 
Montoya. He is tried, and shot on February 7, 1847. 

February 6, 1682: Rene Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle, and a force 
of twenty-two French and thirty-one Indians reach the juncture of the 
Illinois and Mississippi Rivers. La Salle then sails down the 
Mississippi to see if it empties into the Gulf of Mexico. The expedition 
contacts many Indian tribes along the way. Based on this expedition, La 
Salle claims the Mississippi Valley, and Louisiana, for the French. La 
Salle reaches the Gulf of Mexico on April 9, 1682.     

February 7, 1778: According to some sources, Daniel Boone is captured by 
Shawnee warriors under Chief Blackfish near the “Blue Licks” in Kentucky 
while making salt.

February 8, 1975: An election for amendments to the Constitution of the 
Papago (Tohono O’odham) is held . Of the 3,251 eligible voters, 1521 for 
the amendments, 690 vote against. 

February 9, 1870: Louis Riel (fil) is elected President of the Metis. 

February 10, 1676: The Narragansetts attack Lancaster, Massachusetts. 
This battle in ‘King Philip's War’ kills fifty settlers. Twenty-four 
whites are taken prisoner. One of the prisoners, Mary Rowlandson, 
escapes. She writes a bestseller about her ordeal. Mary Rowlandson's 
"narrative" is the first in a series of "true-life" stories published by 
Indian captives. Participating in the raid is Chief Quinnapin. 

February 11, 1828: John Tipton, representing the United States, and 
members of the Eel River Band of the Miami Indians sign a treaty (7 
stat. 309). Called the "Treaty of Wyandot Village,” the Indians move to 
a reservation and give up lands along Sugartree Creek. They receive 
$10,000 in supplies. 

February 12, 1848: As a part of the efforts to fight the Cayuse who 
attacked the Whitman Mission in Oregon Country, soldiers and militia 
have been reporting to The Dalles. By today, 537 men have arrived.

February 13, 1684: According to some sources, an agreement is reached by 
representatives of the Cusabu Indians for the South Carolina colonies to 
acquire some land. 

February 14, 1756: Several Delaware attack settlers in Berks County, 
Pennsylvania. A dozen settlers, including six children, are killed. Two 
of the settlers killed are young women, sisters, who had a premonition 
of evil tidings the previous day. One of the sisters dies in her 
father's arms when he finds her in his burned farm. 

February 15, 1805: A Mandan Chief is snowblinded according to Lewis and 

February 16, 1922: President Warren Harding issues an Executive Order 
which will "withdraw from settlement, entry, sale or other disposition" 
approximately 386.85 acres of Zia Pueblo Indian lands in New Mexico, 
until March 5, 1924. This order replaces Order Number 3351 issued on 
November 6, 1920. 

February 17, 1792: An addenda is made to the Holston River Treaty. 
Payment for ceded land go from $1000 to $1500, annually. The new treaty 
is signed in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania by six Cherokees, including 
Bloody Fellow. As a part of the ceremony. President Washington gives 
Bloody Fellow the new name of Iskagua (Clear Sky). 

February 18, 1861: The Arapaho and Cheyenne sign a treaty (12 stat. 
1163) at Fort Wise in southeastern Colorado. The United States is 
represented by Albert Boone and F.B. Culver. It establishes a 
reservation bounded by Sand Creek and the Arkansas River. The Indians 
think it allows them the right to hunt freely outside of the 
reservation, but the treaty contains no such clause. Only six of the 
forty-four Cheyenne Chiefs are present to sign, Black Kettle being one. 
Other than the Indians who sign on this date, no others ever sign it. 
The validity of the treaty is contested for a long time. The fort is 
renamed Fort Lyon. 

February 19, 1889: Gabriel Dumont is a Metis Chief. He actively 
participates in the Riel Rebellion. He receives a government pardon for 
those actions.

February 20, 1863: Cherokee Chief John Ross has been arrested by Union 
forces and taken to Washington, D.C. In the interim, Stand Watie has 
been elected tribal chief at the First Confederate Cherokee Conference. 
At Cow Skin Prairie, Cherokees loyal to John Ross, revoked the treaty 
with the South and pledged loyalty to the Union. They remove 
Confederates from office, emancipate 

February 21, 1861: The rich members of the Navajo tribe (called the 
"Rico" leaders) meet with Colonel Edward Canby at the new Fort 
Fauntleroy, in western New Mexico. The meeting included such leaders as 
Manuelito, Delgadito, Armijo, Barboncito, and Herrero Grande. During the 
meeting, , the Navajos choose Herrero Grande as the Head Chief of the 
Navajos. The parley leads to a "treaty" where the Navajos promised to 
live in peace with their non-Indian neighbors. The fort later is renamed 
Fort Lyon, and then Fort Wingate. 

February 22, 1637: Lieutenant Lion Gardiner is commander of some of the 
forces at Fort Saybrook, Connecticut. He leads some men out to get rid 
of the undergrowth which might hide approaching Indians. They are 
attacked by Pequots. Two of the settlers are killed in the fighting. 

February 23, 1832: Chickasaw Chief Levi Colbert tells President Jackson 
the Chickasaw are agreed to the removal to Indian Territory (present day 
Oklahoma). He informs the President they cannot reach an agreement with 
the Choctaws on sharing lands, so the provisional treaty of September 1, 
1830 is void. 

February 24, 1831: The Choctaw Dancing Rabbit Creek treaty (11 Stat., 
537) is ratified by the U.S. Senate. The Choctaws leave Mississippi for 
Indian Territory (present day Oklahoma). While many Choctaws are opposed 
to the treaty, they lack organization. It is publicly proclaimed on May 
26, 1831. 

February 25, 1643: For the last two years there have been several 
incidents sparked by both Indians and settlers which have led to 
bloodshed in the area around modern New York City. Presently, the only 
Indians in the area are some peaceful Indians seeking refuge from the 
Mohawks. Through tomorrow, New Amsterdam citizens, with the approval of 
Dutch Director Kieft, and led by Maryn Adriaensen, attack a peaceful 
Wecquaesgeek village at Corlaer's Hook near the Pavonia settlements 
(near modern Jersey City). The Dutch soldiers kill not only the 
warriors, but all of the eighty Indians in the camp, including women and 
children. This fight becomes known as the "Pavonia Massacre," and it 
incites numerous reprisals. Adriaensen is exiled to Holland for three 
years as punishment for leading the attack when the population learns of 
the fight. He will return, and receive a land grant from Director Kieft, 
three years later. Some accounts say only thirty Indians are killed. 

February 26, 1881: According to Army records, 325 Sioux, believed to be 
primarily from Sitting Bull's camp, surrender to Major David Brotherton, 
Seventh infantry, at Fort Buford, near the North Dakota-Montana line. 
150 horses, and forty guns are turned in by the Indians. 

February 27, 1754: In a letter to Pennsylvania Governor James Hamilton, 
the Pennsylvania Assembly assails the European traders cheating the 
local Indians. The traders are equated with the worst of European 

February 28, 1704: Today, through tomorrow, in what is the first 
American battle in "Queen Anne's War,” Deerfield, in central 
Massachusetts, is attacked by Indians and French under Major Hertel de 
Rouville. Of the almost 300 inhabitants, different historical accounts 
show between forty-seven and fifty-six are killed, and as many as 180 
people taken prisoner.   


That's it for now. Have a great month.


End of February 2003 Newsletter - Part 2



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