. . . . . . . . . . . ========================================== Start of February 2003 Newsletter - Part 2 ========================================== Greetings, After taking a break for my carpel tunnel symptoms, here is the rest of the newsletter. If you would like to read any of the previous newsletters, you can find them here: http://www.topica.com/lists/americanindian.net/read ============================ I thought I would post these two items from Part 1 again: The "Link of the Month" for February 2003 is THE PLAINS CREE: A HISTORICAL AND ETHNOGRAPHIC STUDY by David G. Mandelbaum. This exceptionally detailed site looks at this Canadian First Nation. It covers a wide variety of subjects and material. It also has many illustrations. I highly recommend it. It can be found at: http://www.schoolnet.ca/aboriginal/Plains_Cree/index-e.html ------------------------------- If any of you would like to post a review of my book on Amazon.com, you can add it by clicking the "Write an online review and share your thoughts with other customers" line on this page on Amazon.com: http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/0306811707/qid%3D1044216764/sr%3D11-1/ref%3Dsr%5F11%5F1/002-8437392-0532039 Thanks... ============================ Here are a couple of postings which came in yesterday. I cannot vouch for their accuracy or veracity: Barbara Harris Casting is currently casting for a film. SAG preferences, non-union actors welcome. They are seeking SAG - Native American Actors -male and female actors who speak Navajo or Ute languages fluently for various roles. The job starts in two weeks and must interview/audition for the parts. They are also seeking other Native American Actors for various non-tribal specific roles Male Actors - 18+, Female Actors - 18+ Non-union actors are welcome to contact the casting office. If interested please Contact Mary Ellen at 818-500-8249. Please mention that you were referred by Duane Humeyestewa it will make a difference. ----------------- Spring 2003 Occasional Seminar INTERNATIONAL CULTURAL STUDIES CERTIFICATE PROGRAM "The Queen of Hawai'i Raises Her Solemn Note of Protest: Lili'uokalani's Strategies in the Struggle to Save Her Nation" Dr. Noenoe Silva Political Science, University of Hawai'i at Manoa Time: 12:00 pm *** NEW TIME *** Date: Wednesday, February 5th, 2003 Place: East West Center, Burns Hall, 2118 This paper is a chapter in my forthcoming book called Aloha Aina: Native Hawaiian Resistance. In this chapter, I re-read Queen Lili'uokalani's actions in resistance to the U.S. intervention and illegal annexation of the Hawaiian Islands, using Hawaiian language sources ignored in mainstream historiography. The paper examines the Queen's written protests to the U.S., emphasizing her relationships with her lahui oiwi ponoi (her native people); her mele lahui, or national songs, with special attention on the songs she wrote while imprisoned; and letters between her and Emma 'A'ima Nawahi of the Hui Aloha Aina while the Queen was in Washington DC in 1897-1898. The letters reveal a close relationship between the hui and the Queen and provide new information and understanding of the organizing that led to the massive 1897 petition against annexation. This chapter demonstrates that histories of women and native peoples that are absent in mainstream (in this case, colonial) historiography can be at least partially recovered by research in native language archives. This presentation is free and open to the public. Co-sponsored by:The Departments of Political Science, Women's Studies and the UHM/EWC International Cultural Studies Certificate Program ============================ The treaty of the month is the TREATY WITH THE MENOMINEE, 1831.Feb. 8, 1831. | 7 Stat., 342. | John H. Eaton, Secretary of War, and Samuel C. Stambaugh, Indian Agent at Green Bay, signed the treaty for the United States. The Menominee who signed the treaty were Kaush-kau-no-naive, grizzly bear, A-ya-mah-taw, fish spawn, Ko-ma-ni-kin, big wave, Ko-ma-ni-kee-no-shah, little wave, O-ho-pa-shah, little whoop, Ah-ke-ne-pa-weh, earth standing, Shaw-wan-noh, the south, Mash-ke-wet, Pah-she-nah-sheu, Chi-mi-na-na-quet, great cloud, A-na-quet-to-a-peh, setting in a cloud, and Sha-ka-cho-ka-mo, great chief. Some of the matters covered by the treaty were: Boundaries of Menomonee country. , Cession of land to United States for the benefit of the New York Indians., Further cession of lands to the United States. , Reservation. , Annuity, etc. , Education of Menominees. , New York Indians. and Expenses of delegation, etc. . You can see a transcript of the treaty on this website: http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/men0319.htm ============================ Here are some websites I thought might interest you: State of the Indian Nations Address : http://www.ncai.org/form/docs/SOIN_ADDRESS.pdf Land group seeking input from Indian Country http://www.indianz.com/News/show.asp?ID=2003/02/03/iltf Legacy of honor http://www.louienet.com/chiefbaldeagle/military.htm This is the proposed legislation that would terminate the state recognized tribes in Connecticut: http://www.cga.state.ct.us/2003/tob/h/2003HB-05336-R00-HB.htm CNN's Tucker Carlson jumps on the Indian-bashing bandwagon http://indiancountry.com/?1044034769 S.D. tribe denied seat in land case http://www.indianz.com/News/show.asp?ID=2003/02/04/brule Sho-Ban students send experiment into space http://www.indianz.com/News/show.asp?ID=2003/01/29/shoban Cherokees do not want to be "Honored" by Confederate Flag http://www.okit.com/news/2003/feb/cherokeeflag.html This Hallowed Ground http://www.sltrib.com/2003/Feb/02042003/opinion/opinion.asp Bear River Massacre Continues to Haunt Utah History After 140 Years http://www.sltrib.com/2003/Jan/01262003/utah/23485.asp Federal court to decide on northern band election http://winnipeg.cbc.ca/template/servlet/View?filename=mb_ncn20030128 Museum balks at turning bones over to aboriginal band http://cbc.ca/stories/2003/01/15/bones_museum030115 Montana Gov. Judy Martz and Crow clash http://indiancountry.com/?1044034110 Vandals target Canyons of the Ancients http://www.daily-times.com/Stories/0%2C1413%2C129%257E6574%257E1140790%2C00.html SPIRIT Magazine, a new current affairs, arts and culture magazine for Canadian Aboriginals, is now on newsstands across Canada. http://indiancountry.com/?1043868070 Bush budget cuts funds at tribal college http://www.indianz.com/News/show.asp?ID=2003/02/04/uttc Sundance Festival premieres global slate of Native films http://indiancountry.com/?1043866962 Osage Tribe signs largest Gas agreement since 1920 http://www.okit.com/news/2002/novdec/osageagreement.html Harvard's ties to White Earth, the education reservation http://www.startribune.com/stories/484/3631785.html Wildfire disaster shakes Apache’s economy http://indiancountry.com/?1043865944 Dann sisters protect Shoshone land http://www.shobannews.com/local.html Groups join to study effects of old uranium mines http://thenavajotimes.com/nation.html DORREEN YELLOW BIRD: Learning a hard lesson: 'Don't take space travel for granted' http://www.grandforks.com/mld/grandforksherald/news/opinion/5099239.htm DORREEN YELLOW BIRD COLUMN: Prairie moon lights peaceful path across state http://www.grandforks.com/mld/grandforksherald/news/opinion/4737345.htm DORREEN YELLOW BIRD COLUMN: Reservations battle more gang activity http://www.grandforks.com/mld/grandforksherald/4426495.htm Indians Make Up 5% of Tulsa Gangstas http://www.okit.com/news/2003/january/gangstas.html Native Cooking Column by Dale Carson http://indiancountry.com/?1043866462 Returned baskets give Chehalis tribe a piece of its past http://seattletimes.nwsource.com/html/localnews/134627261_baskets03m.html Elders and youth alike on the Northern Cheyenne Reservation in Montana still honor the bravery of their 19th century chief Dull Knife. http://indiancountry.com/?1042731936 Conviction of Indian man for eagle feathers upheld http://www.indianz.com/News/show.asp?ID=2003/02/03/eagle Tribal presidents: Rainy day has arrived http://www.helenair.com/articles/2003/01/31/montana/a06013103_01.txt Blood quantum wins at Flathead; membership decline predicted http://indiancountry.com/?1043422708 Seminoles honor Osceola, visit warrior's grave http://www.charleston.net/stories/013103/loc_31seminoles.shtml Dream of the Earth: Salute to the White Roots of Peace http://indiancountry.com/?1043074438 'Lost' Cherokee tribe seeks federal recognition http://www.indianz.com/News/show.asp?ID=2003/01/28/cherokee Maya contend with the New Age http://indiancountry.com/?1042581270 Bill would extend recognition to Duwamish http://www.indianz.com/News/show.asp?ID=2003/01/30/duwamish Squaxin Tribal Elder Told a Really Good Tale http://www.theolympian.com/home/news/20030203/communities/21059.shtml Cherokee Nation Gives More Than $1.2 to Public Schools http://www.okit.com/news/2003/january/cherokeegives.html Toward a common American Indian development http://indiancountry.com/?1042397054 Lewis and Clark celebration should include recognition of Native cultures by Wilma Mankiller http://seattletimes.nwsource.com/html/editorialsopinion/134621930_wilma26.html So they are not forgotten http://indiancountry.com/?1043343535 Water rights negotiations turn murky http://www.montanaforum.com/rednews/2002/12/19/build/tribal/flatheadh2o.php?nnn=4 Bill gives tribes education equity http://www.billingsgazette.com/index.php?id=1&display=rednews/2003/02/04/build/local/56-xgr-tribe-education.inc Newcomb: Indian casinos an exercise of self-determination http://indiancountry.com/?1043423025 BIA Approves Arizona Tribal State Gaming Compacts http://www.okit.com/news/2003/feb/biapprovescompact.html Indian gambling rejected http://www.montanaforum.com/rednews/2002/12/18/build/tribal/highstakes.php?nnn=4 New Bush budget aims to improve trust fund http://www.indianz.com/News/show.asp?ID=2003/02/04/trust A Long Trek to The Truth - A look at a movie on how Australian Aboriginal children were taken from their parents http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/articles/A8822-2003Jan31.html ========================== Here are some random historical events: February 1, 1876: The Secretary of the Interior advises the Secretary of War that any Indians who have not returned to their reservations, now are under his jurisdiction. The army can use any means to deal with the "hostiles.” This primarily involves the plains Indians. February 2, 1848: The Guadalupe Hidalgo Treaty is signed. It is the policy of the United States, in keeping with treaty (9 SAT. 929) understanding and long established custom, to provide certain necessary services and facilities to Native American Indians. February 3, 456: Maya King of Tikal (Guatemala) Siyaj Chan K'awill II (Stormy Sky) dies according to Maya stele carvings February 4, 1829: Mississippi’s House of Representatives passes a law to “extend legal process into that part of the state now occupied by the Chickasaw and Choctaw tribes of Indians.” February 5, 1847: The rebel Pueblo Indians, and Mexicans, of Taos surrender to General Sterling Price. They hand over rebel leader Pablo Montoya. He is tried, and shot on February 7, 1847. February 6, 1682: Rene Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle, and a force of twenty-two French and thirty-one Indians reach the juncture of the Illinois and Mississippi Rivers. La Salle then sails down the Mississippi to see if it empties into the Gulf of Mexico. The expedition contacts many Indian tribes along the way. Based on this expedition, La Salle claims the Mississippi Valley, and Louisiana, for the French. La Salle reaches the Gulf of Mexico on April 9, 1682. February 7, 1778: According to some sources, Daniel Boone is captured by Shawnee warriors under Chief Blackfish near the “Blue Licks” in Kentucky while making salt. February 8, 1975: An election for amendments to the Constitution of the Papago (Tohono O’odham) is held . Of the 3,251 eligible voters, 1521 for the amendments, 690 vote against. February 9, 1870: Louis Riel (fil) is elected President of the Metis. February 10, 1676: The Narragansetts attack Lancaster, Massachusetts. This battle in ‘King Philip's War’ kills fifty settlers. Twenty-four whites are taken prisoner. One of the prisoners, Mary Rowlandson, escapes. She writes a bestseller about her ordeal. Mary Rowlandson's "narrative" is the first in a series of "true-life" stories published by Indian captives. Participating in the raid is Chief Quinnapin. February 11, 1828: John Tipton, representing the United States, and members of the Eel River Band of the Miami Indians sign a treaty (7 stat. 309). Called the "Treaty of Wyandot Village,” the Indians move to a reservation and give up lands along Sugartree Creek. They receive $10,000 in supplies. February 12, 1848: As a part of the efforts to fight the Cayuse who attacked the Whitman Mission in Oregon Country, soldiers and militia have been reporting to The Dalles. By today, 537 men have arrived. February 13, 1684: According to some sources, an agreement is reached by representatives of the Cusabu Indians for the South Carolina colonies to acquire some land. February 14, 1756: Several Delaware attack settlers in Berks County, Pennsylvania. A dozen settlers, including six children, are killed. Two of the settlers killed are young women, sisters, who had a premonition of evil tidings the previous day. One of the sisters dies in her father's arms when he finds her in his burned farm. February 15, 1805: A Mandan Chief is snowblinded according to Lewis and Clark. February 16, 1922: President Warren Harding issues an Executive Order which will "withdraw from settlement, entry, sale or other disposition" approximately 386.85 acres of Zia Pueblo Indian lands in New Mexico, until March 5, 1924. This order replaces Order Number 3351 issued on November 6, 1920. February 17, 1792: An addenda is made to the Holston River Treaty. Payment for ceded land go from $1000 to $1500, annually. The new treaty is signed in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania by six Cherokees, including Bloody Fellow. As a part of the ceremony. President Washington gives Bloody Fellow the new name of Iskagua (Clear Sky). February 18, 1861: The Arapaho and Cheyenne sign a treaty (12 stat. 1163) at Fort Wise in southeastern Colorado. The United States is represented by Albert Boone and F.B. Culver. It establishes a reservation bounded by Sand Creek and the Arkansas River. The Indians think it allows them the right to hunt freely outside of the reservation, but the treaty contains no such clause. Only six of the forty-four Cheyenne Chiefs are present to sign, Black Kettle being one. Other than the Indians who sign on this date, no others ever sign it. The validity of the treaty is contested for a long time. The fort is renamed Fort Lyon. February 19, 1889: Gabriel Dumont is a Metis Chief. He actively participates in the Riel Rebellion. He receives a government pardon for those actions. February 20, 1863: Cherokee Chief John Ross has been arrested by Union forces and taken to Washington, D.C. In the interim, Stand Watie has been elected tribal chief at the First Confederate Cherokee Conference. At Cow Skin Prairie, Cherokees loyal to John Ross, revoked the treaty with the South and pledged loyalty to the Union. They remove Confederates from office, emancipate February 21, 1861: The rich members of the Navajo tribe (called the "Rico" leaders) meet with Colonel Edward Canby at the new Fort Fauntleroy, in western New Mexico. The meeting included such leaders as Manuelito, Delgadito, Armijo, Barboncito, and Herrero Grande. During the meeting, , the Navajos choose Herrero Grande as the Head Chief of the Navajos. The parley leads to a "treaty" where the Navajos promised to live in peace with their non-Indian neighbors. The fort later is renamed Fort Lyon, and then Fort Wingate. February 22, 1637: Lieutenant Lion Gardiner is commander of some of the forces at Fort Saybrook, Connecticut. He leads some men out to get rid of the undergrowth which might hide approaching Indians. They are attacked by Pequots. Two of the settlers are killed in the fighting. February 23, 1832: Chickasaw Chief Levi Colbert tells President Jackson the Chickasaw are agreed to the removal to Indian Territory (present day Oklahoma). He informs the President they cannot reach an agreement with the Choctaws on sharing lands, so the provisional treaty of September 1, 1830 is void. February 24, 1831: The Choctaw Dancing Rabbit Creek treaty (11 Stat., 537) is ratified by the U.S. Senate. The Choctaws leave Mississippi for Indian Territory (present day Oklahoma). While many Choctaws are opposed to the treaty, they lack organization. It is publicly proclaimed on May 26, 1831. February 25, 1643: For the last two years there have been several incidents sparked by both Indians and settlers which have led to bloodshed in the area around modern New York City. Presently, the only Indians in the area are some peaceful Indians seeking refuge from the Mohawks. Through tomorrow, New Amsterdam citizens, with the approval of Dutch Director Kieft, and led by Maryn Adriaensen, attack a peaceful Wecquaesgeek village at Corlaer's Hook near the Pavonia settlements (near modern Jersey City). The Dutch soldiers kill not only the warriors, but all of the eighty Indians in the camp, including women and children. This fight becomes known as the "Pavonia Massacre," and it incites numerous reprisals. Adriaensen is exiled to Holland for three years as punishment for leading the attack when the population learns of the fight. He will return, and receive a land grant from Director Kieft, three years later. Some accounts say only thirty Indians are killed. February 26, 1881: According to Army records, 325 Sioux, believed to be primarily from Sitting Bull's camp, surrender to Major David Brotherton, Seventh infantry, at Fort Buford, near the North Dakota-Montana line. 150 horses, and forty guns are turned in by the Indians. February 27, 1754: In a letter to Pennsylvania Governor James Hamilton, the Pennsylvania Assembly assails the European traders cheating the local Indians. The traders are equated with the worst of European criminals. February 28, 1704: Today, through tomorrow, in what is the first American battle in "Queen Anne's War,” Deerfield, in central Massachusetts, is attacked by Indians and French under Major Hertel de Rouville. Of the almost 300 inhabitants, different historical accounts show between forty-seven and fifty-six are killed, and as many as 180 people taken prisoner. ==================== That's it for now. Have a great month. Phil firstname.lastname@example.org ======================================== End of February 2003 Newsletter - Part 2 ======================================== . . . . .
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