January 2013 Newsletter from
"This Day in North American Indian History"
by Phil Konstantin
Copyright © © Phil Konstantin (1996-2013)

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Phil Konstantin's January 2013 Newsletter #1


I am trying to send the newsletter through my regular Yahoo account now. The website I was using no longer supports their free service. There are som kinks in getting this done without upsetting Yahoo's anti-SPAM filters (sending this out in LOTS of small bundles of addresses).

The least few weeks have been a bit trying (other than the change in the method of sending out this newsletter). I was recently informed that my job would no longer exist as of January 31. I am a TV reporter/photographer working for the ABC affiliate in San Diego (KGTV). I work out of a helicopter called Sky10 (Photos: http://americanindian.net/Sky10.jpg and http://americanindian.net/Sky10ByPhilKonstantin.jpg ). There are two helicopters in town. The owner of the other helicopter (Clear Channel - a major media group) offered my station a really good deal if they join their operation. It will save their company $500,000 a year. Helicopters are very expensive to operate. My job has always been contingent on the helicopter. So, when Sky10 goes, I do too. Job hunting is now working its way to the top of my priority list. My mother has also been sick. She'll be 80 this month. We have all been worried about her, and want to see her get better. My daughter Heidi just had to have two of her teeth removed by an oral surgeon. It is going to be a long process to get things repaired. So, this have been just a bit hectic around here.

As things get more settled, I'll try to get the newsletter more up-to-date and running on a regular basis again.



If you have not heard about "Idle No More", it is a grass roots movement in Canada to support First Nations as they interact with the Canadian government. As with any movement, it has its supporters, its detractors, and those who have yet to make up their mind. The following brief article and links can help you learn more about these events and efforts.

History of Idle No More Grassroots Movement
Written by Jessica Gordon

Idle No More began with 4 ladies; Nina Wilson, Sylvia McAdam, Jessica Gordon & Sheelah McLean who felt it was urgent to act on current and upcoming legislation that not only affects our First Nations people but the rest of Canada's citizens, lands and waters.

The focus is on grassroots voices, treaty and sovereignty, it began in the early part of October when discussing Bill C 45.  All 4 women knew that this was a time to act, as this bill and other proposed legislation would affect not only Indigenous people but also the lands, water and the rest of Canada.

With the focus on the most urgent bill knowing it would initiate attention to all other legislation, the 4 ladies held rallies and teach-ins to generate discussion and provide information. They then decided a nation wide event was garnered so all could participate, thus, The National Day of Solidarity & Resurgence was called for December 10th, 2012, to oppose all legislation and to build solidarity while asserting inherent rights and nationhood while protecting our lands for all people.

These colonial forms of legislation that the government expects to unilaterally impose on us has brought us together, to stand together - Jessica Gordon

Major Links:

Lots of links to articles, explanations and discussions:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Idle_No_More -

Idle No More. - Priscilla Settee and Sheelah McLean

Sylvia McAdam Speaks at Idle no more treaty7 Teach-In:

Shannon Houle speaks on Breakfast Television Edmonton

CBC News: 9 questions about Idle No More

Other sources:





A Summary of Current Federal Legislative Amendments Affecting First Nations


Treaty of the Month:

TREATY WITH THE KALAPUYA, ETC., 1855 - Jan. 22, 1855. | 10 Stats., 1143.
| Ratified, Mar. 3, 1855. | Proclaimed, Apr. 10, 1855.

This treaty was signed in Dayton, Oregon Territory on January 22, 1855
by the United States and "the confederated bands of Indians residing in
the Willamette Valley"



Random historical events for January:

January 1, 1877: Colonel Nelson "Bear Coat" Miles, and his forces from
Fort Keogh (near modern Miles City, in eastern Montana), are moving up
the Tongue River in search of Crazy Horse, and his followers. They have
their first skirmish with Indians. According to army reports, there are
600 lodges on the Tongue River, which are abandoned as Miles moves
through the area.

January 2, 1848: Peter Skene Ogden arranges for the release of captives
during the Cayuse attack on the Whitman Mission.

January 3, 1895: On November 25, 1894, a group of nineteen Hopi
"hostiles" were placed under arrest by the army for interfering with
"friendly" Hopi Indian activities on their Arizona reservation. The
nineteen prisoners are held in Alcatraz prison in California from
January 3, 1895 to August 7, 1895.

January 4, 605: Palenque Maya Lord Ac - Kan ascends the throne according
to the museum at Palenque
Photos at: http://americanindian.net/mexico/pal/Palenque/index.html

January 5, 1806: Sacajawea tells Lewis and Clark she wants to see a dead
whale which has washed up on the beach in Oregon.

January 6, 1706: The Spanish are trying to improve relations with the
Pueblos of modern New Mexico. Governor Francisco Cuervo y Valdez and
"Protector General for the Indians" Captain Alfonso Rael de Aguilar meet
with leaders of all the nearby tribes. Among the Indians is Don Domingo
Romero Yuguaque. Yuguaque is Governor of the Tesuque Pueblo.

January 7, 1781: The Mission San Pedro Y San Pablo De Bicuner is
established, in modern Imperial County, California, where the Anza Trail
crosses the Colorado River. This is on land claimed by the Quechan
(Yuma) Indians.

January 8, 1700: Pierre le Moyne, Sieur d'Iberville, establishes a fort
and trading post on the Mississippi River a few dozen miles south of
present day New Orleans. It is his hope to establish friendly relations
with the lower Mississippi valley Indians to keep them from allying
with the English or the Spanish.

January 9, 1790: Spanish and Indian forces under Commanding General Juan
de Ugalde attack a group of 300 Lipan, Lipiyan, and Mescalero Apaches at
what they called the Arroyo de la Soledad. The Spanish soundly defeat
the Apache. The Spaniards name the battlegrounds the "Cañón de Ugalde"
in honor of their commander. Modern Uvalde, Texas gets its name from
this spot.

January 10, 1839: John Benge, and 1,103 other Cherokees arrive in the
Indian Territory (present day Oklahoma). They started their trek with

January 11, 1851: As a part of the "Mariposa Indian Wars" in California,
Sheriff James Burney leads a force of settlers against the local
Indians. The battle is a draw.

January 12, 1880: Major Albert Morrow, and elements of the Ninth Cavalry
"buffalo soldiers," find, and attack Victorio, and his Warm Springs
Apaches, near the source of the Puerco River, in southern New Mexico.
The fighting lasts for about four hours, until sunset, when the Indians
escape. One soldier is killed, and one scout is wounded.

January 13, 1729: Measels are spreading through "New Spain." It has
struck the Pima workers at the mission San Ignacio de Caburica. The
priest, Father Campos, baptizes twenty-two Pimas "in periculo mortis"
because they are so close to death. This epidemic kills many Indians.

January 14, 1971: An election which adopted of a Constitution and Bylaws
for the Chitimacha Tribe of Louisiana is ratified by the Assistant
Secretary of the Interior, Harrison Loesch. The election is held on
November 7, 1970.

January 15, 1832: The Chickasaw meet at their council house to discuss
the removal proposal of President Jackson. They decide to approve the
removal, but they will not cooperate with any efforts to have them share
lands with the Choctaws.

January 16, 1805: The Mandans parlay with the Minnetarrees according to
Lewis and Clark.

January 17, 1800: Congress passes "An Act for the Preservation of Peace
with the Indian Tribes." One of its provisions was: "That if any citizen
or other person residing within the United States, or the territory
thereof, shall send any talk, speech, message or letter to any Indian
nation, tribe, or chief, with an intent to produce a contravention or
infraction of any treaty or other law of the United States, or to
disturb the peace and tranquillity of the United States, he shall
forfeit a sum not exceeding two thousand dollars, and be imprisoned not
exceeding two years."

January 18, 1870: From a marker in the Fort Buford (North Dakota)
cemetery: "He That Kills His Enemies - Indian Scout- January 18, 1870 -
Died of Wounds ... in a quarrel with a fellow scout on the 5th inst.
received a penetrating (arrow) wound of the pelvis and abdomen. ...
Death occurred January 18, 1870. An autopsy could not be obtained owing
to the feelings of the relatives."
Photos at:  http://americanindian.net/2003u.html

January 19, 1777: A group of Oneida chiefs meet with Colonel Elmore at
Fort Schuyler. They want the army to tell the Mohawks that the great
council fire of the Onondagas as been extinguished.

January 20, 1830: Red Jacket (Sagoyewatha) is a Seneca Chief born around
1779. While he is often called a coward in war, he is respected as a
great speaker, and for his refusal to adopt white ways. Following the
way of many before him, he eventually becomes an alcoholic. He dies

January 21, 1731: Natchez Indians, led by Chief Farine, have built a
fort in Louisiana near the Red River. French and Tunica forces, led by
the governor of Louisiana Etienne de Perier, attack the fort. The
fighting lasts for three days. While the Natchez kill many of the allied
forces, they are at a disadvantage because the French have a cannon.
After three days of fighting, the Natchez promise to surrender the next
morning. Many of the Natchez escape during the night, including Chief

January 22, 1855: The Treaty of Point Elliot (12 Stat. 927) is signed .
The Tulalip, the Kalapuya, the Swinomish, and the Snoqualnoo Tribe of
Whidbey Island, Washington are among the signers.
See the "Treaty of the Month section above for a copy of the treaty.

January 23, 1689: Saco, in southwestern Maine is attacked by Abenaki
Indians, one in a series of attacks on the settlement. Nine settlers are
killed in the fighting.

January 24, 1835: The Mexican Governor Figueroa in Monterey, California
writes a letter to the Alcalde of San José. He warns the local ranchers
not to mount punative expeditions against the local Indians. Some
Indians have been raiding ranches to steal the horses. One more than one
occasion, the Mexicans have killed innocent Tulare Indians in their
efforts to punish the thieves.

January 25, 1968: The United States Indian Claims Commission, decrees
that the Mescalero Apaches of New Mexico should receive $8,500,000 for
lands taken from them in the 1800s. The Mescaleros refuse the largesse
because, by law, they cannot share the money with the Lipan, and
Chiricahua Apaches. A future ruling allows this.

January 26, 1716: Cherokee Chief Caesar has told the English in South
Carolina that he will never fight them. He also tells the Europeans they
have nothing to fear from the Creeks, because they want peace, too. He
offers to arrange for leading Creeks to go to Charles Town to arrange a
peace. Today, sixteen Creek and Yamassee representatives arrive at the
Cherokee village of Tugaloo in northeastern Georgia. The Creeks and the
Yamassee know of the Cherokee's desire to remain neutral, or at peace.
Rather than talking about peace, the representatives urge the Cherokees
to join them in their plan to attack the South Carolina settlements.
This so angers the Cherokees that the representatives are killed.

January 27, 1863: General Patrick Connor, and almost 300 California
volunteers fight Bear Hunter's Northern Shoshone on Bear River, north of
the Idaho-Utah boundary. The soldiers report 224 of the warriors are
killed in the fighting, including Bear Hunter. Other sources put the
number nearer to 400, including many women and children. Connor is
called "Star Chief" by the Indians. This is called the "Battle of Bear
River" by the army. Others call it "The Bear River Massacre." Most
sources says this happens on January 29, 1863.

January 28, 1908: As listed in Executive Order Number 744, the lands set
aside for the Navajo Indians in New Mexico conflict with the lands set
aside for the Jicarilla Apaches by Executive Order on November 11, 1907.
This will be corrected.

January 29, 1881: The Eight lodges of Iron Dog and sixty-three of his
followers surrender to Major George Ilges' forces near the Poplar River
in Montana. Thirteen horses, and five guns are seized by the troops. The
weather remains bitterly cold.

January 30, 1838: Seminole Chief Osceola dies at Fort Moultrie, in
Charleston, South Carolina. It is believe he has some sort of throat
disease, others say malaria, other say he dies of a broken heart.

January 31, 1833: The Mi’kmaq Waycobah First Nation reserve of
Whycocomagh #2 is established in Nova Scotia, according to the Nova
Scotia Councils.


That's it for now. I hope to have more before the end of the month.

Stay warm,

Phil Konstantin

End of Phil Konstantin's January 2013 Newsletter #1


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Four of the five books I have worked on. I either wrote, co-wrote, or contributed to each of these beeks

This is the cover to my first book. 
Click here to got more info, or to order a copy. Click on the cover to order a copy or to get more info.
This Day in North American Indian History
This Day in North American Indian History is a one-of-a-kind, vastly entertaining and informative book covering over 5000 years of North American Indian history, culture, and lore. Wide-ranging, it covers over 4,000 important events involving the native peoples of North America in a unique day-by-day format.

The thousands of entries in This Day in North American Indian History weave a compelling and comprehensive mosaic of North American Indian history spanning more than five millennia-every entry an exciting opening into the fascinating but little- known history of American Indians.

Over 100 photographs and illustrations - This book has 480 pages, weighs 2.2 pounds and is 8" by 9.5" in size. The Dates, Names and "Moons" section of these pages are based on the book.

This is the cover to my 4th book. 
Click here to got more info, or to order a copy or to get more info.
This is the cover to my 4th book. Click here to got more info, or to order a copy or to get more info."

Native American History For Dummies

I wrote six of the twenty-four chapters in this book. I am credited with being the technical editor. Book Description:
Native American History For Dummies introduces readers to the thousand-year-plus history of the first inhabitants of North America and explains their influence on the European settlement of the continent. Covering the history and customs of the scores of tribes that once populated the land, this friendly guide features vivid studies of the lives of such icons as Pocahontas, Sitting Bull, and Sacagawea; discusses warfare and famous battles, offering new perspectives from both battle lines; and includes new archaeological and forensic evidence, as well as oral histories that show events from the perspective of these indigenous peoples. The authors worked in concert with Native American authorities, institutions, and historical experts to provide a wide range of insight and information.
This is the cover to my 3rd book. 
Click here to got more info, or to order a copy or to get more info.
This is the cover to my 3rd book. Click here to got more info, or to order a copy or to get more info
Treaties With American Indians I wrote an article and several appendix items for this book.
Clips from a review on Amazon.com: *Starred Review* In the 93 years from 1778 until 1871, there were more than 400 treaties negotiated by Indian agents and government officials. Editor Fixico and more than 150 contributors have crafted a three volume comprehensive tool that will soon become essential for anyone interested in the topic. A resource section with lists of ?Alternate Tribal Names and Spellings,? ?Tribal Name Meanings,? (<---- I wrote this part) Treaties by Tribe,? and ?Common Treaty Names? and a bibliography and comprehensive index are repeated in each volume. This impressive set has a place in any academic library that supports a Native American studies or American history curriculum. It is the most comprehensive source of information on Canadian-Indian treaties and U.S.-Indian treaties. Also available as an e-book.

"The Wacky World of Laws"
It was just released in May 2009.
The Wacky World of Laws. Click on the cover to order a copy or to get more info.

The Wacky World of Laws is a compilation of U.S. and International Laws that are out of the ordinary. With the U.S. churning out 500,000 new laws every year and 2 million regulations annually, this book is the ideal go-to book fro everyone who wants a good laugh at the expense of our legal system. Law so often can be boring! Now with The Wacky World of Laws, you can be the hit of any water cooler conversation, and amaze your friends with precious legal nuggets.

I wrote most of this book. It is my fifth book.

(copyright, © Phil Konstantin, 1996-2013)

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