. . . . . . . ==================================== Start of the January 2003 Newsletter ==================================== Greetings, I hope you are all having a good holiday season, so far. I live a rather exciting life here in 'America's Finest City.' For my birthday, I went to work (The TV newsanchors wished me a happy 50th on the air). After work, I donated some blood (you might all consider doing this, as the holidays is usually a slow period for blood donations), and had a nice dinner at a local deli. WOW! What exciting times! :-) I do want to thank those of you who sent me 'pictures' of a new Lexus. One friend sent me a picture of a $1 bill as the start of a contribution for a new vehicle. I, of course, was joking about someone giving me a new car for my birthday. But, I do appreciate your sense of humor. We have been getting some rain here in San Diego, thanks to El Nino. It has been so long since I have seen a good rain, I almost forgot what it was like. I remember crossing the Mississippi River on a ferry in New Orleans several years ago. It rained so hard, it was hard to tell where the sky stopped and the river began. On another occasion, I was at my childhood home in Houston, Texas. It once rained in the front yard, but not the backyard, for over 10 minutes. I actually timed it. It is nice to see the clouds. They should clear up for the Super Bowl later in January. I will be getting some overtime because of this event. That will help to pay for Christmas... ========================= The January 2003 Link of the Month is: "The Interactive ALR: A Searchable Database of Historic Native American Vocabularies." One of the most common questions I get is to tell someone the "Indian" name for something. This website can help you find translations in many different Indian languages. They are slowly expanding the database, too. http://www.evolpub.com/ALR/ALRinteractive.html ========================= This month's treaty is the: TREATY WITH THE DWAMISH, SUQUAMISH, ETC., Jan. 22, 1855. | 12 Stat. 927. It covers lots of material and subjects. Considering the recent judicial decisions regarding the Samish, this treaty seemed appropriate. http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/dwa0669.htm ========================= Movie of the Month: This movie 'review' is the first of what will probably become a regular part of the newsletter. I hope to look at many of the movies which feature American Indians as a significant part of the plot. Please feel free to offer your own suggestions, or reviews. My first review is of the movie "Never Cry Wolf." I realize that this movie may not come readily to mind when you think of 'American Indian Movies.' It is definitely not Dances With Wolves (even though they both feature wolves) or Cheyenne Autumn. There are no cavalry charges or visits to the reservation. But, it does look at societal issues which I think are interesting and important. The film version of Never Cry Wolf came out in 1983. It is based on the 1963 book of the same name by Farley Mowat. The book is Mowat's recollection of his trip into the Canadian artic to investigate the effect of wolves on the caribou population. The book goes into more detail than the movie. In the preface to the latest edition of the book, Mowat says: "We have doomed the wolf not for what it is, but for what we deliberately and mistakenly perceive it to be--the mythologized epitome of a savage, ruthless killer--which is, in reality, no more than the reflected image of ourself." Filmed near Nome, Alaska, Never Cry Wolf won the National Society of Film Critics Award for Cinematography. It was nominated for an Academy Award in the Best Sound category. The PG rated, 105 minute movie's simple description or tagline was: "They Thought He Couldn't Do the Job. That's Why They Chose Him." In the movie, the Mowat's character is called Tyler. Tyler's purpose is to determine how wolves are harming the caribou population. His research proves that the wolves are actually helping the herd by culling the sick and old. He also learns that man is doing more harm than the wolves. The movie has a small cast. Charles Martin Smith plays Tyler. You may remember Smith from his other roles in the movies American Graffiti, The Buddy Holly Story, Starman and The Untouchables. I have always liked him. Brian Dennehy plays bush pilot-entrepreneur Rosie. Zachary Ittimanangnaq plays an older Inuit named Ootek. Sampson Jorah plays a younger Inuit named Mike. The movie, without being too overt about it, reflects on the clash of cultures between the Inuit and the non-Indian population. It also looks at old traditions vs. modern life. Ootek and Mike are not stereotypical "Eskimos," but real people. It touches their culture without being mystical about it. The movie, while also being comical, has a nice "real" feeling to it. We see the difficulties that the younger Inuit (30 years old?+/-) faces in a modern world. We also experience what the old life was like through Ootek and who I believe is his true-life wife Martha. The scenery is phenomenal. From mountain peaks to frozen lakes to rocky shores to wide open prairies, I love the natural beauty shown in this marvelous film. Never Cry Wolf is rated PG. The PG rating comes from a few scenes where Tyler, who is drying out after a dip into a very cold lake, runs nude across the prairie when he is surprised by some caribou. This is a Disney film, so the nudity is only from the rear. While I do not know if it is intentional, I could see some symbolism on 'naturalism vs. materialism' in this scene. The movie has a slower pace to it than is common nowadays. It also features some beautiful minimalistic music (ala Philip Glass). I highly recommend this movie for anyone who likes beautiful scenery, a look at American Indians with a light-touch, a perspective on 'survival of the fittest', and a cautionary tale on environmentalism. There is also something to be said about a Disney movie where the lead character actually eats mice. Mickey must be turning in his grave. Links for teaching the book: http://www.nt.net/~torino/never.html http://home.earthlink.net/~samuri5/wolf.html Link for teaching with the movie: http://www.teachwithmovies.org/guides/never-cry-wolf.html ========================= Here are some links to some interesting websites and news articles I have come across recently: Dee Brown, the author of "Bury My Heart At Wounded Knee" died in the early part of December. His book was the first look into the Indian side of history for many people. http://www.startribune.com/stories/466/3531762.html Wheel of Misfortune - Indian casinos have fallen far short of benefiting the wider Native American population. A TIME special investigation http://www.time.com/time/covers/1101021216/story.html For Time Magazine, Diné rejection of casinos a cultural choice http://indiancountry.com/?1040915944 For Time Magazine, Sovereignty 101 http://indiancountry.com/?1040673538 NCAI's Hall takes on Indian gaming report http://www.indianz.com/News/show.asp?ID=2002/12/18/gaming Shameful report distorts tribal gaming http://www.okit.com/opinion/2002/novdec/shamefulreport.html Casino backers press on with talks http://www.twincities.com/mld/twincities/news/local/4761804.htm McCaleb learned about trust 'on the job' http://www.indianz.com/News/show.asp?ID=2002/12/23/mccaleb Guest Opinion: ‘Indian Enron’ case must not be ignored http://www.montanaforum.com/rednews/2002/12/18/build/tribal/accountop.php?nnn=4 Voter fraud charges in South Dakota prove fraudulent http://indiancountry.com/?1041004948 Ahenakew remains under siege after anti-Semitic outburst http://indiancountry.com/?1041006089 Natives pay more for homes, says new Census analysis http://indiancountry.com/?1041005693 THE EYES OF A CHILD by Michael WalkingStick http://mytwobeadsworth.com/Eyesofachild.html Barbara Morgan, former Flathead teacher, to fly in space (Christa McAuliffe's backup) http://indiancountry.com/?1040916820 Mushuau Innu move underway http://indiancountry.com/?1040916199 Court stops Makah whale hunt http://seattlepi.nwsource.com/local/101002_makah21.shtml Makah to challenge whale hunt ruling http://www.indianz.com/News/show.asp?ID=2002/12/23/hunt Latest News from the Gray Whale Monitoring 2000 Project http://www.westcoastgraywhale.org/news.htm Samish lose bid for treaty rights - Judge affirms ruling against tribe, citing finality in litigation as overriding issue http://seattlepi.nwsource.com/local/100834_samish20.shtml Judge won't restore tribe's treaty rights http://www.indianz.com/News/show.asp?ID=2002/12/20/samish More heat falling on ‘Las Vegas Nights' law http://www.theday.com/news/ts-re.asp?NewsUID=7AC17936-C581-4A0D-90EE-ACF41204ACA0 Cave Rock Presidential Page http://www.r5.fs.fed.us/ltbmu/graphics/pres_actions/commitments/cave_rock/environ.html Nevada: Land and Resource Management Plan Amendment to Protect Cave Rock http://www.achp.gov/casearchive/casessum01NV.html The Forest Service To Prohibit Climbing At Cave Rock, NV http://www.accessfund.org/programs/programs_news_cave_rock.html Mille Lacs Indian Museum http://www.mnhs.org/places/sites/mlim/ Tribes accuse DFYS - CARE: Native children in state custody are separated from culture as well as families, lawsuit says. http://www.adn.com/alaska/story/2366789p-2420659c.html United States v. White Mountain Apache Tribe http://www.supremecourtus.gov/oral_arguments/argument_transcripts/01-1067.pdf United States v. Navajo Nation http://www.supremecourtus.gov/oral_arguments/argument_transcripts/01-1375.pdf Nez Perce Tribe finally will get memorial to two Idaho warriors Carving to Honor Nez Perce Who Died 200 Years Ago http://22.214.171.124/News/story.asp?ID=28512 Cherokee to audit tribal enrollment http://www.smokymountainnews.com/issues/12_02/12_18_02/fr_cherokee_audit.html Key Tribal Sovereignty Case Returns http://www.mvgazette.com/news/2002/12/27/wampanoag_sovereignty.php Ancient bones found in northern Nevada http://www.rgj.com/news/stories/html/2002/12/26/30749.php?sp1=&sp2=&sp3= Relative of Chief Ouray dies at 86 http://www.durangoherald.com/asp-bin/article_generation.asp?article_type=news&article_path=/news/news021224_2.htm Lumbees to seek federal recognition http://www.fayettevillenc.com/story.php?Template=region&Story=5363207 Saving native tongues http://www.canada.com/search/story.aspx?id=6d7ee3be-e1c2-48fd-bb56-ee572f72ac3e Indian Songs 101 http://www.reznetnews.org/student/021202_choir/ Was Maya Pyramid Designed to Chirp Like a Bird? http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2002/12/1206_021206_TVMayanTemple.html Burial mounds at risk http://www.goedwardsville.com/site/news.cfm?newsid=6389720&BRD=2291&PAG=461&dept_id=473648&rfi=6 Anniversary is not celebration, tribes say http://www.dailyprogress.com/frontpage/MGB281RIQ9D.html Nevada Indian cave looter hit with $2.5 million civil penalty http://www.rgj.com/news/stories/html/2002/12/13/29925.php?sp1=rgj&sp2=News&sp3=Local+News MJC club raises American Indian pride, awareness http://www.modbee.com/local/story/5600012p-6576792c.html Games Indians Play http://www.reznetnews.org/culture/021209_games/ Tribes, DOE sign Agreement in Principle - Cultural resources, Tribal interests will be protected http://www.shobannews.com/local.html#1 ========================= Here are some random historical events for January: January 1, 1756: After the attack of the christianized Indian village of Gnadenhutten, near modern-day Leighton, Pennsylvania on November 24, 1755, by other Indians, British troops are sent in to patrol the area. Today, 2 groups of DELAWAREs, one led by Chief Tedyuscung, attack the troops and farms in the area. Twenty soldiers and several settlers are killed, and the village is burned. The Monrovian Missionaries would abandon the area. They and many of their Indian converts would move to Ohio, and establish another village named Gnadenhutten. January 2, 687: Maya King K'inich Yo'nal Ahk II (Ruler 3) ascends to the throne in Piedras Negras, Mexico. January 3, 1786: A Treaty (7 stat. 21) with the Choctaw is signed by Benjamin Hawkins for the United States. The Choctaw agree to release all prisoners. They acknowledge the sovereignty of the United States, and no other country. New boundaries for their lands are delineated. No U.S. citizens are allowed to settle on Choctaw lands, without Choctaw permission. Only the U.S. is allowed to regulate trade with the Choctaw. Signatories: five Great Medal Chiefs, thirteen small Medal Chiefs, twelve Medal and Gorget Captains. It is signed at Hopewell River. January 4, 1752: Spanish forces defeat a group of 2,000 Pimas near Aribaca. January 5, 1802: According to some sources, William Augustus Bowles, self-appointed "Director General and Commander-In-Chief of the Muskogee Nation," leads a force of Seminoles (Miccosukees) warriors against the Spanish in St. Marks in northern Florida. They give up their attacks and siege in a little over a week. January 6, 1542: On the site of what was once the village of T’ho, Spaniard Francisco de Montejo establishes the town of Mérida, in the Yucatan of Mexico. January 7, 1781: The Mission San Pedro Y San Pablo De Bicuner is established, in modern Imperial County, California, where the Anza Trail crosses the Colorado River. This is on land claimed by the Quechan (Yuma) Indians. January 8, 1865: In Tom Green County, Texas, Captain Cunningham and members of the Comanche County Company skirmish with the Kickapoo Indians at the “Battle of Dove Creek.” January 9, 1790: Spanish and Indian forces under Commanding General Juan de Ugalde attack a group of 300 Lipan, Lipiyan, and Mescalero Apaches at what they called the Arroyo de la Soledad. The Spanish soundly defeat the Apache. The Spaniards name the battlegrounds the “Cañón de Ugalde” in honor of their commander. Modern Uvalde, Texas gets its name from this spot. January 10, 1591: Gaspar Castaño de Sosa is traveling through the Tewa Pueblo villages. In his journal he notes that he is received well in Jacona. He mentions that Tewa villages are small, but heavily populated. Jacona was eventually abandoned a little over 100 years later. January 11, 1851: As a part of the “Mariposa Indian Wars” in California, Sheriff James Burney leads a force of settlers against the local Indians. The battle is a draw. January 12, 657: Mayan Calakmul leader Yukukun leads an attack against Tikal (Guatemala). January 13, 1729: Measels are spreading through “New Spain.” It has struck the Pima workers at the mission San Ignacio de Caburica. The priest, Father Campos, baptizes twenty-two Pimas “in periculo mortis” because they are so close to death. This epidemic kills many Indians. January 14, 1830: The Senate of the United States passes a resolution which calls for the government to survey lands west of the Mississippi and then “parcel out among the Creek, Cherokee, Choctaw and Chickasaw tribes of Indians.” Its intent is for the Indians to move there en masse. January 15, 1756: After the Delaware uprising, many settlers move to Bethlehem, Pennsylvania. A group of settlers, and some friendly Indians leave the village in hopes of returning to their farms. A group of Delaware attack the party, and kill all but one of the settlers, and many of the Indians. January 16, 1873: 225 regular army soldiers and 104 California and Oregon militia approach the Modoc stronghold in the northeaster California lava beds. They visibly set up around Captain Jack's position in hopes that the Modocs will not fight in the face of obviously superior forces. The Modocs consider surrender, but only a few wish to do so, so all stay. January 17, 1800: Congress passes “An Act for the Preservation of Peace with the Indian Tribes.” One of its provisions was: “That if any citizen or other person residing within the United States, or the territory thereof, shall send any talk, speech, message or letter to any Indian nation, tribe, or chief, with an intent to produce a contravention or infraction of any treaty or other law of the United States, or to disturb the peace and tranquillity of the United States, he shall forfeit a sum not exceeding two thousand dollars, and be imprisoned not exceeding two years.” January 18, 1870: From a marker in the Fort Buford (North Dakota) cemetery: “He That Kills His Enemies - Indian Scout- January 18, 1870 - Died of Wounds ... in a quarrel with a fellow scout on the 5th inst. received a penetrating (arrow) wound of the pelvis and abdomen. ... Death occured January 18, 1870. An autopsy could not be obtained owing to the feelings of the relatives.” January 19, 1777: A group of Oneida chiefs meet with Colonel Elmore at Fort Schuyler. The want the army to tell the Mohawks that the great council fire of the Onondagas as been extinguished. January 20, 1870: According to some sources, “Buffalo soldier” Troops C, D, I and K, Ninth Cavalry battle with Indians on Delaware Creek, in the Guadaloupe Mountains in Texas. Two soldiers are killed. January 21, 1634: Trader Captain John Stone is killed by Pequots. Stone is often considered a less than reputable character by both the settlers and the Indians. January 22, 1813: British Colonel Henry Proctor, with 600 soldiers, and 600 Indian warriors attack General James Winchester and his 850 soldiers, in Monroe (called Frenchtown, at the time), Michigan. Winchester's forces are split up on both sides of the Raisin River. When the British and Indians attacked the forces on the south bank during a snow storm, they killed almost 100 American. Winchester is taken prisoner. He surrenders his entire force of almost 500 men, today, even though his troops on the north side of the river are virtually untouched by the fighting. Proctor marches his able-bodied captives to Fort Malden, Ontario, Canada. Leaving sixty-four wounded Americans in Frenchtown under a limited guard. Angry Indians later attack and kill most of the wounded. This attack is called the "Raisin River Massacre,” and it becomes a battle cry of the War of 1812. January 23, 1837: American forces under Colonel Cawfield surprise a group of Seminoles under Chief Osuchee (Cooper) a “Ahapopka Lake” in Florida. The Chief and several warriors are killed in the fighting. January 24, 1835: The Mexican Governor Figueroa in Monterey, California writes a letter to the Alcalde of San José. He warns the local ranchers not to mount punative expeditions against the local Indians. Some Indians have been raiding ranches to steal the horses. One more than one occasion, the Mexicans have killed innocent Tulare Indians in their efforts to punish the thieves. January 25, 1856: The second half of the Quinault andQuileute treaty (12 stat. 971) is signed at Olympia, Washington. The first half is signed on July 1, 1855. January 26, 1836: The “Battle of Hitchity” takes place in Stewart County, Georgia. Creek warriors on the Chattahoochee River are attacked by the local militia. January 27, 1730: After the battle of Fort Rosalie (modern Natchez, Mississippi), the French are determined to defeat the Natchez Indians. A French-Canadian named Jean Paul Le Sueur, who has lived with the local Indians for years, volunteers to recruit Indians from other tribes to fight the Natchez. With a force of approximately 700 Choctaws, Le Sueur arrives at the main Natchez village. Le Sueur's fighters force the Natchez to take refuge in two forts they have constructed. They remain bottled-up here until the main French force of 200 soldiers arrive in February. During the fighting, eighty Natchez warriors are killed. Le Sueur's forces rescue 166 prisoners held by the Natchez. January 28, 1978: An election for Amendment III to the Constitution for the Papago (Tohono O’odham) is held . Of the 5,087 people who could vote, 1,622 pulled the lever for it, 408 against it. January 29, 695: Maya warriors from Naranjo attack forces from Tikal. This is as part of a series of attacks on neighboring cities in Guatemala. January 30, 1806: Future Principal Chief of the Choctaws, Peter Perkins Pitchlynn, is born in Mississippi. January 31, 1833: The Mi’kmaq Waycobah First Nation reserve of Whycocomagh #2 is established in Nova Scotia, according to the Nova Scotia Councils. ========================= That's it for this newsletter. I am sure I have forgotton something, I usually do. Have a great month, Phil firstname.lastname@example.org ================================== End of the January 2003 Newsletter ================================== . . . . . . . .
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