Links to North American Indian History Sites by Phil Konstantin - Page 9





If you find a link which no longer works properly, or you wish to suggest a site for inclusion in this list, please let me know.



Links last checked for accuracy: July 8, 2013.
Links with a question mark occasionally do not work.
Links with a check were added recently.
Sites with this letter are archived views of pages which may no longer exist.

Sites primarily dealing with American Indian History

  1. An Act for the Government and Protection of Indians 1850 document in California
  2. An Act for the Promoting and Propagating the Gospel of Jesus Christ in New England about "John Eliot's Indian Bible. Cambridge, 1663, 1665"
  3. James Adams' Letter to the Creeks a copy & transcript
  4. Adena Burial Mounds lots of details, part of a series of sites
  5. INDIANS: ALABAMA TRIBES RESOURCES several links
  6. Alabama Indians from The Indian Tribes of North America by John R. Swanton
  7. Alligator Mound lots of details and pictures, and links to other sites
  8. The "Alligator" Mound "Two Recently Discovered mid-19th Century Views of the Alligator Mound by David Wyrick and James H. Salisbury"
  9. American History, Page 1, Spanish Conquest of Native America a great history page
  10. American Indian History Resources an excellent site with lots of links
  11. American Indian Medal of Honor Winners brief bios on these 20th century winners
  12. America's Wars statistics on many wars
  13. Amerindian Civilizations "This page will contain information on the ancient civilizations of North and Meso America aimed at dispelling the myths most are now taught about these cultures."
  14. Anasazi State Park basic info on this Utah site
  15. Ancient Architects of the Mississippi great page from the National Park Service
  16. Ancient Artists Of the Great Basin Desert interesting article (with pictures) on the artists who left petroglyphs in the desert Southwest.
  17. Ancient Aztalan details, diagrams and drawing on this Wisconsin site
  18. Ancient Treasures of Belize's Mayan History several links from Belize Online
  19. Site of Anderson's Fort or Soldier's Mound in Dickens County, Texas
  20. Anthropology Resources on the Internet lots of links
  21. Apache County, Arizona, History info about the area
  22. Applegate Trail: the Southern Route of the Oregon Trail about the trail and the people on and near it
  23. Archaeoastronomy in the American Southwest article, photos & links
  24. Archaeological Research Facility from the University of California at Berkeley
  25. Archaeological Site of the Southwest good pictures & info for old sites
  26. Archeological Sites at Mackenzie Reservoir and Tule Canyon in Texas
  27. Archaeological Sites To Visit escalante, dominguez - BLM sites go down a lot
  28. THE ARCHAEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF SOUTH CAROLINA, INC. lots of links and information
  29. Archaeological Treasures nice site
  30. Archaeology and Prehistory of the Owens Valley "Learn about the historic and protohistoric Paiute occupants of Owens Valley and the range of activities they performed"
  31. Archaeology AND THE NATIVE PEOPLES OF TENNESSEE broken down into several eras
  32. Archaeology of the Mid-Hudson Valley Region info & a nice map
  33. East Central Arizona History an EXTREMELY detailed site
  34. Arizona Indians by John R. Swanton
  35. Arkansas Indians by John R. Swanton

  • ARROWHEAD HUNTER'S PRIMER "A SIMPLE GUIDE FOR THE AMATEUR ARCHAEOLOGIST AND HOBBYIST"
  • Artic Dawn: The Journeys of Samuel Hearne The history of his travels through the artic & the local people & customs in 1768
  • ATTACK ON FORT SINQUEFIELD!! part of the Creek War in 1813
  • The Avalon Project: 18th Century Documents the text from many documents of the era
  • The Avalon Project: Pre 18th Century Documents the text from many documents of the era
  • The Avalon Project: 19th Century Documents the text from many documents of the era
  • The Avalon Project: The Jefferson Page several "addresses" to Indians by Jefferson, among other things
  • Avalon Project: Statutes of the United States Concerning Native Americans a collection of documents
  • Wesley BadHeartBull: no thanksgiving at our house Lisbeth's page about her friend Wesley and Pine Ridge
  • The Baja Connection March 2002: Did the first Americans make the crossing from Asia by boat? If so, they may have stopped here.
  • A Battle from the Creek Indian War on Horseshoe Bend
  • Battle of Blue Water from the Nebraska State Historical Society page
  • The Battle of Burnt Corn part of the Creek War in 1813
  • Battle of Lake George lots of details
  • THE BATTLE OF LOXAHATCHEE part of the Seminole War
  • Battle of North Fork of Red River On Sept. 29, 1872 in Texas
  • The Battle of Palo Duro Canyon on September 28, 1874
  • The Battle of Palo Duro Canyon, September 28, 1874 basic info and a map
  • Battle of Rosalis more info from Texas
  • Battle of Rosillo same event as the 'Battle of Rosalis'
  • The Battle of Talladega part of the Creek War in 1813
  • Battle of Talladega from Wikipedia
  • THE BATTLE of TALLASEEHATCHEE part of the Creek War in 1813, lots of details
  • Battle of Tallushatchee from Wikipedia
  • Battle of the Knobs in Decatur, Texas
  • Battle of the Little Bighorn detailed site from the ES Curtis Collection
  • Battle of the Little Wichita info on this Texas site
  • Battle of the Little Wichita from the Handbook Of Texas site
  • Benkelman, Nebraska Historical Marker about a battle between Pawnee Killer and Gen.Custer
  • History of the Big Bend region of Texas some info
  • Big Bottom Battleground info and picture of the battlefield in Ohio
  • Big Hole National Battlefield Home Page the National Park Service's site on the Nez Perce War site
  • The Big Hole National Battlefield a picture and some history
  • The Big Hole National Battlefield a school site with pictures and some history
  • Big Hole Battlefield a virtual photo
  • Introduction to Big Hole National Battlefield from Frommers
  • Bird Creek Indian Battle info on this Texas fight
  • Site of Bird's Fort in Arlington, Texas
  • Black Hawk's War a short article and links from the Electric Library site
  • Black Hills Treaty copy of the document and other info
  • Bledsoe's Lick Archaeological Project "to identify, investigate, and preserve important archaeological resources in and around Bledsoe's Fort Historical Park"
  • Bones Reveal Paleoindians’ Way Of Life New Interior Alaska Site Rich in Faunal Remains by Don Alan Hall
  • Bosque - Larios Expedition short page about this Spanish effort
  • Braddock's Defeat: The Battle of the Wilderness good article
  • BRAZOS INDIAN RESERVATION it was near Graham, Texas
  • Brazos Indian Reservation School from a State historical marker
  • Buffalo Bill's Skirmish At Warbonnet Creek article from The Wild West
  • Buffalo Solidiers from Texas A State Parks site
  • THE BUFFALO SOLDIERS ON THE WESTERN FRONTIER a page dedicated to these men
  • Bureau of Indian Affairs History "From War to Self-Determination"
  • The Burke Museum of Natural History and Culture an anthropology section
  • Butler's Rangers British & Indian forces during the Revolutionary War
  • Cabin Creek about this Civil War battle
  • Cahokia Mounds State Historical Site nice site with pictures and info
  • California History: Pre-European Population history in California in PDF format
  • Calico Site: Coming Of Age In California Article from Center for the Study of the First Americans' "Mammoth Trumpet" in PDF format
  • California Indians by John R. Swanton
  • California Mission Research Association (CMRA) looking into the early 21 California missions & other hispanic sites
  • CMRA Links Page links to lots of historical sites
  • Camp Belknap, CSA near Newcastle, Texas
  • Camp Collier "one of a chain of Texas Frontier posts"
  • Camp Colorado near Coleman, Texas
  • Site of Camp Cooper another Texas outpost
  • Site of Camp Del Rio "Originally known as Camp San Felipe"
  • Site of Camp Sabinal in Sabinal, Texas
  • Camp Verde near Kerrville Texas
  • Camp Wood in Real County, Texas
  • NARRATIVE OF COLONEL ROBERT CAMPBELL'S EXPERIENCES IN THE ROCKY MOUNTAIN FUR TRADE FROM 1825 TO 1835 interesting personal observations
  • Captivity of the Oatman girls a "narrative of life among the Apache and Mohave Indians" in 1851
  • Carlisle Indian School history & "virtual tour" of this school
  • The Carolina Algonkians very nice site
  • Casa Grande Ruins National Monument Home Page the NPS site
  • Casa Rinconda a copy of the guide from the National Park
  • Casas Grandes about this group centered near El Paso, Texas
  • Casas Grandes Interaction Sphere "Chronology of Areas Related to Casa Grandes Culture"
  • Catechna and The Tuscarora War details on this site and event in North Carolina
  • Catlin's Letters and Notes many of his documents
  • Center for the Study of the First Americans Home Page from Oregon State University
  • Chaco Canyon National Monument almost 90 photos, all kinds of info; almost as good as driving down the 20 miles of bad road to get there by car
  • Chaco Anasazi Roadways "summarizes research on prehistoric roads of the Chaco Anasazi"
  • Mysteries of Chaco Canyon very detailed sites with good pictures
  • Chaco Canyon, New Mexico very detailed site
  • Chalk Bluff Indian Massacre in Uvalde, Texas
  • Cherokee Nation v. State of Georgia (1831) transcript of marshall's opinion
  • The Cherokee Outlet "for anyone with an interest in the Cherokee Outlet of Oklahoma, also known as The Cherokee Strip"
  • Cherokee Removal Forts links to sites with info about these forts along the Trail of Tears
  • Chetro Ketl Great Kiva 3-D Model Home Page a 3-D tour through a kiva according to University experts
  • Chief Standing Bear (1829-1908) from the Nebraska State Historical Society page
  • Chief Two Moon Herb Company the story of Chief Two Moon Meridas
  • The Children of Changing Woman a look at a family
  • Christopher Columbus: Extracts from Journal, 1492 Chucalissa Archaeological Museum & Reconstructed Village The title says it all
  • Chustenahlah about this Civil War fight
  • Chusto-Talasah details of the Civil War battle
  • Civil War Indian Raids Nebraska historical marker
  • George Rogers Clark National Historical Park History / informational pages historical info
  • The Clearwater Site: Tucson, Arizona, 2100 B.C. nice website from the Center for Desert Archaeology
  • Clovis People Weren't Alone - And Probably Weren't The First Americans Article from Center for the Study of the First Americans' "Mammoth Trumpet" in PDF format
  • Clovis Site on Gulf Coast Yields Booty Only To Waves 1998 Article from Center for the Study of the First Americans' "Mammoth Trumpet" in PDF format
  • Coast Reservation correspondence regarding the Oregon reservation
  • Coast Reservation more government writings on the Oregon reservation
  • Codex Mendoza a docuiment created in Mexico City in 1541 & 1542 - very well done
  • Coeur d'Alene & Fort Hall Reservations a copy of the Executive order establishing the area (from U.S.Grant)
  • Colorado Indians by John R. Swanton
  • The Columbus Letter "Christopher Columbus's letter announcing the success of his voyage to the "islands of the India sea" is one of the most remarkable documents ever published. It is a key document in the social and intellectual histories of both Europe and the Americas. "
  • A Composite Culture "When the Roman legions conquered Greece, Roman historians wrote with as little imagination as did the European historians who have written of the white man's conquest of Americ"
  • Condition of the Indian Tribes copy of Congressional report from 1867
  • Conflict of 1867 historical marker in Nebraska
  • Connetict Indians by John R. Swanton
  • Connell's Prairie Battle library site
  • Connor Battlefield State Historical Site lots of info on this Wyoming site
  • Constitution of the Iroquois Nations a transcript in English
  • Cooper's Ferry Spear Cache One Of NW's Oldest Sites 1998 Article from Center for the Study of the First Americans' "Mammoth Trumpet" in PDF format
  • Copan Project "The Early Copan Acropolis Program (ECAP) is in its sixth season of excavation at the Classic Maya city of Copan, Honduras."
  • Cortes defeats the Aztecs 1519-1521 very detailed site
  • Council Grove, Kansas History lots of info
  • The Council Tree from the Nebraska State Historical Society page
  • Cow Camp Massacre on Hondo Creek in Hondo, Texas
  • George Croghan and The Battle of Fort Stephenson "The defense of Fort Stephenson by 21 year old Major George Croghan with his garrison of approximately 160 men, and one cannon - against General Proctor's far superior forces, and his Indian allies, is one of the most amazing victories any war has ever known"
  • Crops of Ancient Iowa lots of info
  • Crossroads of Continents "The Old World and the New World meet at Bering Strait"0
  • The Crucible of American Indian Identity Native Tradition versus Colonial Imposition in Postconquest North America in PDF format
  • Cultural History of Mount Diablo - The Miwok short, but interesting, article
  • Cultural History of the Umpqua Basin nice article
  • Custer Battlefield Historical & Museum Association biographies & information
  • The Custer's Last Stand Treaty the background and a photo of this treaty
  • Cycles of US History - Colonial Cycle lots of info and links
  • The Dawes Severalty Act - February 8, 1887 "Congressman Henry Dawes, author of the act, once expressed his faith in the civilizing power of private property with the claim that to be civilized was to "wear civilized clothes...cultivate the ground, live in houses, ride in Studebaker wagons, send children to school, drink whiskey [and] own property."]
  • Delaware Indians by John R. Swanton
  • Juan de Onate Expedition in 1598 they went through Texas
  • Desert Peoples of the Past informative article, with pictures and links, from DesertUSA magazine
  • Hernado de Soto's Conquest of America an excellent source on this subject
  • The Devil's Tower a look at this site
  • Dietz Archeological Site in Kleberg, Texas
  • Direct Hit on the Ancestors one man's story to find an ancient site
  • Disaster at Dove Creek article from Civil War Times
  • Dove Creek Battle in Irion County, Texas
  • Little Cedar Mountain - TVA an excellent timeline for the area & Chickamauga Chief Dragging Canoe
  • Early America's Bloodiest Battle St.Claire's defeat, details & a map
  • EARLY EXPLORATIONS AND EXPEDITIONS very detailed, covers most of the explorers in Kansas
  • Early Holocene Burial at the Wilson_Leonard Site in Central Texas Article from Center for the Study of the First Americans' "Mammoth Trumpet" in PDF format
  • Early Native American Cultures (1000 BCE-1600CE) info from West Virginia
  • EASTERN WOODLAND INDIANS tribal histories of this area
  • Effigy Mounds National Monument "established to preserve the earth mounds found in northeastern Iowa"
  • 1864 INDIAN RAIDS historical marker in Nelson, Nebraska
  • John Eliot's Indian Bible. Cambridge, 1663, 1665 a look at this publication
  • Emergence from Nanih Waiya how the Muscogees (Creek) first emerged (creation)
  • END OF AN EMPIRE: THE SPANISH CONQUEST OF MEXICO detailed overview by Ben Hulse in PDF format
  • Etowah Indian Mounds basic info
  • Etowah Mounds Archaeological Area from the North Georgia site
  • Events in the West: To 1500 from the PBS "The West" site
  • Events in the West: 1500-1650 from the PBS "The West" site
  • Events in the West: 1650-1800 from the PBS "The West" site
  • Events in the West: 1800-1820 from the PBS "The West" site
  • Events in the West: 1820-1830 from the PBS "The West" site
  • Events in the West: 1830-1840 from the PBS "The West" site
  • Events in the West: 1840-1850 from the PBS "The West" site
  • Events in the West: 1850-1860 from the PBS "The West" site
  • Events in the West: 1860-1870 from the PBS "The West" site
  • Events in the West: 1870-1880 from the PBS "The West" site
  • Events in the West: 1880-1890 from the PBS "The West" site
  • Events in the West: 1890-1900 from the PBS "The West" site
  • Events in the West: 1900-1917 from the PBS "The West" site
  • Excavation of a Kashaya Pomo Village Site in Northern California pictures and info on this location
  • Expedition of Don José de Zúñiga (1795) very nice site from the Arizona State Museum
  • Fallen Timbers article about this fight
  • Battle of Fallen Timbers a detailed look at this fight on Wikipedia
  • The Fatal Fetterman Fight a detailed log
  • Cheyennes Fighting in the Buttes from the Nebraska State Historical Society page
  • FIGHTING THE ODDS AT PLATTE BRIDGE article from The Wild West
  • The Final Indian Treaty a picture of "The Declaration of Allegience Treaty between The United States and all the Indian Tribes in American"
  • "The Final Report of the United States DeSoto Expedition Commission" a critical look at that report
  • The First Arctic Explorers "In Inuit traditions, they are known as "Tunit." For over 3,000 years, in isolation from the rest of the world, they developed a unique and intriguing way of life."
  • First Nations Histories an awesome compilation of histories of many tribes by Lee Sultzman
  • First People of Michigan lots of info
  • The Flight of the Cheyennes from the Nebraska State Historical Society page
  • Flint Ridge "Flint Ridge contains quarry pits where all of the ancient people of Ohio came to get flint for both tools and weapons"
  • Florence Indian Mound and Museum basic info and a few pictures
  • Florida Department of State - Historical Resources lots of info
  • Florida Indian Mounds very detailed site about the tribes, their practices, history and pre-history
  • History of the Florida Indians a detailed look at several subjects
  • Florida Indians by John R. Swanton
  • Florida Militia Indians? "Richard's Company of Friendly Indians; Florida Mounted Volunteers (Florida War.)"
  • "FORGOTTEN FOUNDERS, Benjamin Franklin, the Iroquois and the Rationale for the American Revolution," By Bruce E. Johansen scholarly paper

  • Fort Links: - - ↓ - - ↓ - - ↓ - - ↓ - - ↓ - - ↓ - - ↓ - - ↓ -

    There are so many sites on Forts, I created a separate section for them

  • Fort Amanda Along the bank of the Auglaize River in Ohio
  • Fort Anahuac info on this Texas fort from the Handbook of Texas Online (HTO) site
  • Fort Ancient old Indian fort in Ohio
  • Fort Ancient Culture Ohio Fort, photo & map
  • Fort Ancient Earthworks Ohio Fort, photo & map
  • Fort Apache Historic Park nice site with walking tour through the Fort
  • Fort Armstrong "The Building of Fort Armstrong-1816"
  • Ashby's Fort used during the French and Indian War
  • Fort Atkinson, Nebraska about this site
  • Fort Atkinson State Historic Park more info on this Nebraska fort
  • Fort Atkinson historical marker in Nebraska
  • Fort Augusta (1756-1792) used during the French and Indian War
  • Fort Beauséjour – Fort Cumberland National Historic Site of Canada used during the French and Indian War
  • Fort Bedford used during the French and Indian War
  • Historic Fort Belknap info on the Texas fort
  • Fort Belknap directions to the Texas fort
  • Fort Belknap info from the HTO site
  • Fort Bend info from the HTO site
  • Fort Bird info from the HTO site
  • Fort Bliss info from the HTO site
  • Fort Boggy info from the HTO site
  • Fort Boishebert Wikipedia page
  • Fort Bowie a NPS site
  • Fort Buffalo Springs info from the HTO site
  • Fort Casper on the Oregon Trail picture and info
  • Fort Chadbourne in Texas
  • Fort Chadbourne lots of information on this site
  • Fort Chadbourne info from the HTO site
  • Fort Cibolo info from the HTO site
  • Fort Cienega info from the HTO site
  • Fort Clark details on this Texas site
  • Fort Clark info from the HTO site
  • Fort Clatsop NPS site
  • Fort Colorado or Fort Coleman info from the HTO site
  • Fort Concho details on this Texas fort
  • FORT CONCHO NATIONAL HISTORIC LANDMARK. info from the HTO site
  • Fort Concho info from the HTO site
  • Fort Croghan info from the HTO site
  • Fort Davis in west Texas
  • Fort de Chartres pictures and info on this Illinois fort
  • Fort Defiance Ohio Fort, photo & map
  • Fort Detroit Ohio Fort, photo & map
  • Fort Duncan short page on this Texas fort
  • Fort Dunmore Ohio Fort, photo & map
  • Fort Duquesne Ohio Fort, photo & map
  • Fort Elliot short page on this Texas fort
  • Welcome to Fort Erie and The War of 1812 info on the fort and the war
  • Fort Fetterman State Historic Site info on the place in Wyoming
  • Fort Folle Avoine Historical Park a trading post
  • Fort Frederica, Georgia National Park site with map of the area
  • Fort Gates in Texas
  • Fort Gower Resolutions Ohio Fort, photo & map
  • Fort Graham a fort in Texas
  • Fort Greene Ville Ohio Fort, photo & map
  • Fort Griffin Wikipedia page
  • Fort Griffin detailed history of this Texas fort
  • Fort Hall Accounts about this Oregon fort and the activity and area around it
  • Fort Hamilton Ohio Fort, photo & map
  • Fort Harmar Ohio Fort, photo & map
  • Fort Hartsuff State Historical Park info on this Nebraska fort
  • Fort Hartsuff 1874-1881 Nebraska historical marker
  • Fort Henry the history of the place in West Virginia
  • Fort Willam Henry drawings, facts & local info
  • Fort William Henry...The Siege & Massacre picture and info
  • Fort Hill "a nature preserve containing one of the best preserved Indian hilltop enclosures in North America (Ohio)"
  • Fort Hill Ohio Fort, photo & map
  • Fort Inge short page on this Texas fort
  • Fort Jefferson "One of a chain of defensive forts built to protect army supplies from Indians"
  • Fort Jefferson Ohio Fort, photo & map
  • Fort Kearny State Historical Park from Nebraska, names after Stephen Kearny - PDF
  • Fort Kearny historical marker in Nebraska
  • Fort Lancaster history and other info
  • Fort Lancaster details on the ruins
  • Fort Laramie the National Park site
  • FORT LARAMIE--FORT ROBINSON TRAIL historical marker in Nebraska
  • Fort Laramie on the Oregon Trail a picture and info
  • Fort Larned info on this Kansas fort
  • Fort Laurens "its starving garrison survived on boiled moccasins and withstood a month-long siege by British-led Indians"
  • Fort Laurens Ohio Fort, photo & map
  • Fort Ligonier details of the fighting here
  • Fort Lincoln Texas fort info
  • Fort Loramie Ohio Fort, photo & map
  • Fort Loudoun State Historic Area details of the Park
  • Fort Loudoun - Pennsylvania in rural Franklin County, Pennsylvania near Chambersburg
  • Fort Loudoun - Tennessee info from Wikipedia
  • Fort Marcy on this Texas site
  • Fort McIntosh details on this Texas fort
  • Fort McKavett originally called Camp San Saba
  • Fort McKavett short page on this Texas fort
  • Fort McPherson Nebraska historical marker
  • Fort McPherson and North Platte historical marker in Nebraska
  • Fort Meigs, Perrysburg, Ohio lots of details here
  • Fort Meigs The State of Ohio's site
  • Fort Meigs Ohio Fort, photo & map
  • Fort Merrill Texas fort
  • Fort Miami Ohio Fort, photo & map
  • Fort Michilimackinac basic info from Wikipedia
  • Fort Milam short page on this Texas fort
  • Fort Mitchell, 1864-1867 historical marker in Nebraska
  • Fort Mitchell lots of info on this Alabama site
  • Fort Necessity National battlefield National Parks site - lots of info
  • Fort Necessity Ohio Fort, photo & map
  • Old Fort Niagara picture and lots of links
  • Fort 96 pictures and some info
  • Fort Niobrara Nebraska historical marker
  • The Fort at No.4 info on the New Hampshire fort (Charlestown)
  • Fort Oldham some details - in Texas
  • Fort Omaha historical marker in Nebraska
  • Fort Ontario: Guardian of the Lake originally the "Fort of the Six Nations"
  • Historic Fort Osage well done site on this Missouri fort
  • Fort Osage several pictures
  • Fort Osage basic info
  • Old Fort Parker lots of info on this Texas site
  • Fort Parker details of the Texas site
  • Fort Peck Indian Reservation history of the reservation in Montana
  • Fort Pena Colorado a few facts
  • Fort Phantom Hill Officially "Post on Clear Fork of the Brazos"
  • Fort Phil Kearny from Wyoming
  • Old Fort Kearny Nebraska historical marker
  • Fort Phil Kearny / Bozeman Trail Association more on these places
  • THE FORT PIERRE-FORT LARAMIE TRAIL Nebraska historical marker
  • Fort Pitt Ohio Fort, photo & map
  • Fort Recovery a short article
  • Fort Recovery in Ohio info and links
  • Fort Richardson, Texas State park info
  • Fort Richardson in Texas
  • Fort Ridgely short article and map
  • Fort Robinson State Park info on the Nebraska fort
  • Fort Robinson historical marker in Nebraska
  • Fort Sandusky Ohio Fort, photo & map
  • Fort Scott info on this Kansas fort
  • Fort Sidney Nebraska historical marker
  • Fort Smith the Nationa Park Service site
  • Fort Smith details on this Texas fort
  • Historic Fort Snelling lots of info and a "virtual tour"
  • Fort Stanwix, NY lots of details
  • Fort Stanwix Treaty 1784 - TREATY WITH THE SIX NATIONS - transcript
  • Fort Steele State Historic Site lots of info
  • Fort Stephenson Ohio Fort, photo & map
  • Fort Steuben Ohio Fort, photo & map
  • Fort Stockton a few facts from Texas
  • Fort Terrett short page on this Texas site
  • Fort Ticonderoga official website
  • Fort Toulouse - Jackson Park lots of info
  • Fort Toulouse/ Jackson State Park timeline and short article
  • Fort Union National Monument a look at this site
  • Fort Union Trading Post the National Park site
  • Fort Union Trading Post nearby Knife River Indian Villages National Historic Site Wikipedia site
  • Fort Washington Ohio Fort, photo & map
  • Fort Wayne History details on this Indiana area
  • Fort Wellington Wikipedia website

    end of Fort Links - - ↑ - - ↑ - - ↑ - - ↑ - - ↑ - - ↑ - - ↑ - - ↑ -

  • Fremont People from "Land Use History of North America"
  • Fremont Culture from Wikipedia
  • Fremont People - Archaeological Culture of the Great Basin Fremont from About.com
  • Fremont People article and photo
  • UMNH: The Fremont People from the Utah Museum of Natural History
  • Scientific American Frontiers . The Secret Canyon . Teaching Guide in PDF format
  • Fremont Numic Transitions in PDF format
  • Capitol Reef National Park - Fremont Culture National Park website
  • Fremont: Wilson Butte Cave about this site
  • Fremont Indian History and Culture nice article, photos & map
  • Fremont Culture from the Utah History Encyclopedia
  • Ancient America: Fremont Culture nice article
  • The French and Indian raid on Deerfield Massachusetts, 1704 lots of details
  • French Trading Area Indian trading area in Texas
  • Ganondagan State Historic Site "Ganondagan State Historic Site is the location of a major seventeenth-century Seneca town and its palisaded granary."
  • Geronimo Springs Museum lots of information from Truth or Consequences, New Mexico
  • Glenbow Archives "One of Canada's largest non-governmental repositories, the Glenbow Archives concentrates on personal and business papers relating to western Canadian history."
  • Glimpses of Paleoindian Life in the Lake Ilo National Wildlife Refuge in North Dakota
  • Governor Glen, The Role of Indians in the Rivalry Between France, Spain, and England, 1761 a copy of this document
  • Doc Goodman's Arizona Territorial Times recreates old newspaper articles
  • Grand Mound "the largest Indian burial mound in the Upper Midwest"
  • Grand Ronde Reservation government letter on this Oregon site
  • Great Lakes People Lived 2,000 years With Glacier Article from Center for the Study of the First Americans' "Mammoth Trumpet" in PDF format
  • Great Trading Path - Indian History they have some transcripts of a few historical documents
  • Greene Springs and Site of Archeological Discoveries site in Texas
  • Treaty of Greenville Wikipedia site
  • Guns of the Little Bighorn article
  • Half-Breed Citizenship Bill, 1857 a copy and transcript of the bill
  • HERITAGE OF THE ANCIENT ONES very nice site on Florida's First Native People
  • Historic Forks of the Wabash details and pictures about the area
  • HISTORIC FORTS OF THE OLD WEST descriptions of many, many forts
  • Historic Missouri Valley from the Nebraska State Historical Society page
  • A Historical Survey of the Locations and Movements of the Piankashaw Indians: 1682-1708 part of "An Anthropological Report on the Piankashaw Indians by Dorothy Libby"
  • A Historical Survey of the Locations and Movements of the Piankashaw Indians: 1708-1763 more details on the Piankashaws
  • A Historical Survey of the Locations and Movements of the Piankashaw Indians: 1763-1776 more on the Piankashaws
  • A Historical Survey of the Locations and Movements of the Piankashaw Indians: 1776-1783 more on the Piankashaws
  • A Historical Survey of the Locations and Movements of the Piankashaw Indians: 1783-1795 more on the Piankashaws
  • A Historical Survey of the Locations and Movements of the Piankashaw Indians: 1795-1805 more on the Piankashaws
  • A Historical Survey of the Locations and Movements of the Piankashaw Indians: 1805-1832 more on the Piankashaws
  • The History and Primitive Technology Page "intended to be a place where you can find information on various primitive technologies such as ancient methods of firemaking, flintknapping, and what is often referred to as "buckskinning" crafts."
  • The History Net all kinds if good stuff
  • The History of a Humble People several tribal histories
  • History of Anahuac Mexican history
  • History of Native Americans in West Virginia pictures and info from West University State
  • The History of the Conquest of Mexico William Prescott's e-text on the subject
  • The History of Mexico - Time-Line Overview a comparative look at different cultures
  • A history of the NW Coast nice maps & good info
  • History of the Sioux War and massacres of 1862 and 1863 copy of an 1864 book
  • History on the Rocks "an archeao-astronomical alignment at equinox sunrise in southeastern Colorado's "Crack Cave" is discovered."
  • Homolovi Ruins State Park "Arizona's first archaeological state park"
  • Horse Creek Treaty Grounds where 10,000 Indians gathered to sign the Fort Laramie Treaty
  • Hueco Tanks some history on the ancient "watering hole"
  • Hudson-Meng Kill Site: HUman Kill or Natural Cataclysm July 2007 Article from Center for the Study of the First Americans' "Mammoth Trumpet" in PDF format
  • Illinois - The Indian Tribes of North America by John R. Swanton details about several tribes
  • Illinois Treaty of August 24, 1816 info from "The Geographic Location of Potawatomi Bands: 1795 to 1846 by Dr. David A Baerreis"
  • Illinois Treaty of July 29, 1829 with the Potawatomi
  • Illinois Treaty of October 20, 1832 with the Potawatomi
  • Immigrants from the Other Side? Did American Indians come from Europe? A scholarly article from 2001
  • In Search of the Coronado Trail by John Madsen - Archaeology Southwest 19:1 (Winter 2005) in PDF format
  • In Search of the Coronado Trail from the Center for Desert Archaeology
  • Indian Bulletin for 1867-1868 copy of an 1867 book
  • Indian Captives historical marker in Nebraska
  • Indian Captives of Early American Pioneers "Here you will find ancestor's stories about capture, release or escape from Native American Indians in the wilderness as found in history books and spoken family tales passed down from previous generations."
  • Indian Civilization copy of an 1877 book
  • Indian Heroes and Great Chieftains from Project Gutenberg
  • INDIAN LANDS NOTED ON THE LAPORTE-WINAMAC LAND OFFICE a long list of who owned what
  • The Indian miscellany copy of an 1877 book
  • Indian Missions and Missionaries Bibliography "The following are general and reference materials regarding the Kansas Legislature. All the books are available in the Research Room of the Kansas State Historical Society"
  • The Indian Question a copy of this 1874 book
  • The Indian races of North and South America copy of 1864 book by Charles De Wolf Brownell
  • Indian References books in the Black Hawk War and the Cherokee Removal
  • Indian Rock Shelters site in Coke County, Texas
  • Indian Shell Mound Park on Dauphin Island, Alabama
  • Indian Wars several articles about different events
  • The Indian Wars are not Over article on activities in Northern California
  • The Indian Wars of the West and Frontier Army Life, 1862-1898: Official Histories and Personal Narratives a collection
  • Indian-History "This web site is dedicated to retelling the fascinating and sad history of Native American Indians."
  • Indiana Cession of August 29, 1821 from "THE GREAT LAKES PROJECT: The Geographic Location of Potawatomi Bands: 1795-1846"
  • Indiana Cession of October 2, 1818 with the Potawatomi
  • Indiana Cession of October 16, 1826 with the Potawatomi
  • Indiana Cession of October 26, 1832 with the Potawatomi
  • Indiana Cession of October 27, 1832 with the Potawatomi
  • Indiana Cession of September 20, 1828 with the Potawatomi
  • Indiana Cession of September 20, 1828 with the Potawatomi
  • Indiana Cession of September 30, 1809 with the Potawatomi
  • Indians of Pasadena, Texas a look at Indians in the history of the Texas town
  • The Indians of San Diego County Paul White's look at these tribes
  • The Indians and Wells County from the Wells County Historical Society/Museum
  • Indigenous Peoples of New Mexico nice design!
  • Andrew Jackson on Indian Removal "Extract from Andrew Jackson's Seventh Annual Message to Congress, December 7, 1835"
  • James Fort in Virginia
  • Jeffers Petroglyphs in Minnesota..."slands of uncovered rock, where American Indians left carvings--petroglyphs"
  • Thomas Jefferson's "Indian Addresses" transcripts of 5 letters to: John Baptist de Coigne, Hnadsome Lake, the Choctaw Nation, The Cherokee Nation, and the Wolf and Mandan Nation
  • The Jesuit Relations and Allied Documents - Travels and Explorations of the Jesuit Missionaries in New France 1610—1791 "THE ORIGINAL FRENCH, LATIN, AND ITALIAN TEXTS, WITH ENGLISH TRANSLATIONS AND NOTES; ILLUSTRATED BYPORTRAITS, MAPS, AND FACSIMILES"
  • Jim Janke's Old West Page a long list of links
  • Joe Pool Lake an archaeological site in Texas
  • Johnson's Wonder-Working Providence 1628-1651 his look at the natives in New England
  • Kansas Forts Page Info on the forts in Kansas During the "Indian Wars"
  • Kansas Indian Treaty about the "Historical marker beside Highway US 81"
  • Kaw Indian Mission State Historic Site this site is just starting
  • King Ferdinand's letter to the Taino/Arawak Indians interesting material
  • Knappers Anonymous the topic of flintknapping.
  • KOLOMOKI MOUNDS STATE HISTORIC PARK in Georgia..."There are 7 mounds within the park which were built during the 12th and 13th centuries by the Swift Creek and Weeden Island Indians"
  • Lake Jackson Mounds State Archaeological Site "Known as one of the most important archaeological sites discovered in Florida"
  • Lake Theo - Folsom Bison Kill Site in Briscoe County, Texas
  • Land Use History of the Colorado Plateau massive website
  • Largest Pictograph Site in Texas in Concho County, Texas
  • The Last Indian Hunt 1869 article about Indians near the Eel River
  • The Last Seminole War By Thomas H. Benton
  • The Lenape: A study of Hudson Valley Indians a history of this area - PDF
  • Lest We Forget A great list of little known events, people & groups (Ex: Black Indians)
  • Letter about Oregon Mounted Volunteers, 1856 about their conflicts with local Indians
  • Lewis & Clark: PBS Online an excellent site by PBS based on the Ken Burns series
  • Lewis and Clark Camp Site: Aug 21, 1804 from the Nebraska State Historical Society page
  • Lewis and Clark Campsite: July 21, 1804 from the Nebraska State Historical Society page
  • Lewis & Clark: The Native Americans a comprehensive site on the tribes Lewis and Clark met on their journey
  • "the lithics site" "a resource for archaeological lithic analysts"
  • Little Big Horn Associates Home Page an excellent site, tons of info on this battle
  • Little Bighorm Coverup article from The Wild West
  • Little Salt Creek Indian Fight site in Graham, Texas
  • Living Cells Unlock Ancient Mysteries DNA research on American Indians
  • Living On The Rim: California Cave Offers Clues To Paleoindian Life Article from Center for the Study of the First Americans' "Mammoth Trumpet" in PDF format
  • Logan Creek Site from the Nebraska State Historical Society page
  • Logan Elm "Logan Elm State Memorial is said to be the site where, in 1774, Chief Logan of the Mingo tribe delivered his eloquent speech on Indian-white relations"
  • Lords of the Earth "Welcome to the Maya/Aztec/Inca Center of the Lords of the Earth, a Web site, which deals with the Archeology and Anthropology of the Americas." very nicely done
  • Louisiana Indian History nice page on Louisiana
  • Lower Sioux Agency about this place in Minnesota
  • Lyman's Wagon Train Battle site in Hemphill County, Texas
  • Maine Indians by John Swanton
  • Mammoth Bones Recovered from Underwater Site: Associated Stones Suggest Meat Anchors scholarly article
  • Manifest Destiny and Western Canada "Critical Re-evaluation of the Geopolitical Objectives of the United States Government's Northern Plains Indian Wars of the 1860s and 1870s, and their Encompassing Historical Contexts."
  • Maryland Indians by John Swanton
  • Massachusetts Indians by John Swanton
  • Massacre At Wounded Knee "a letter from General Nelson A. Miles to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs in 1917 concerning the Massacre at Wounded Knee in 1890" - Miles states it was a massacre, not a battle
  • Massacre at Wounded Knee details and pictures
  • Massacre Canyon site of a Pawnee and Sioux battle in Nebraska
  • Massacre of Jane McCrea- 1777 short article
  • Massacre Rocks site in Oregon
  • Massasoit Peace Treaty of 1621 basic info
  • McLauren Massacre historical site in Texas
  • Medicine Lodge site in Wyoming
  • The Melungeons: The Resurrection of a Proud People "An Untold Story of Ethnic Cleansing in America" - interesting material
  • Memoir for the Marquis de Seignelay regarding the Dangers that Threaten Canada and the Means to Remedy Them, Januari 1687 the title says it all
  • MEMORIAL ROCK at FORT PHIL KEARNY "Bravery and courage are not the possession of men alone for women served here also; both inside the stockade and in the Indian villages"
  • Memories of journeying through Creek county and childhood in Clarke County, 1811-1814 Margaret Ervin Austill's journal
  • Mendocino War of 1859-1860 a detailed look at the area
  • Mesoamerican Calendars calendars and calendar calculators for several cultures, another ecellent site by Victor Mendoza-Grado
  • Mexican Heritage Almanac lots of information here, also by Victor Mendoza-Grado
  • Mexican Period: 1821-1846 California history
  • Miamisburg Mound "The Miamisburg Mound is the largest conical burial mound in the state of Ohio and possibly in the eastern U. S. "
  • Michigan Hopewell short article and picture
  • Michigan Indians from Indians of North America by John Swanton
  • Michigan--Treaty of August 29, 1821 with the Potawatomi
  • Michigan--Treaty of November 17, 1807 with the Potawatomi
  • Michigan--Treaty of September 20, 1828 with the Potawatomi
  • Michigan--Treaty of September 29, 1817 with the Potawatomi
  • Middle Atlantic Archaeological Conference "was organized in 1970 to serve as an informal forum at which current archaeological information from the region (roughly from Virginia to New York, west to the Ohio River) could be exchanged."
  • Mingo Indians Iroquois or Six Nations a short history of the group and several individuals
  • Minnesota Indians from Indians of North America by John Swanton
  • Minnesota: Projectile Points of, detailed text and pictures
  • Mission Conception details and a photo
  • Mission de las Cabras details on this Texas mission
  • Mission Dolores a Visita short page from Texas
  • Approximate Site of Mission Nuestra Senora de Guadalupe "for the purpose of civilizing and Christianizing the Tonkawas, Mayeyes"
  • Mission Nuestra Senora del Espiritu Santo de Zuniga details on this Texas Mission
  • Mision Nuestra Senora del Rosario "Founded in 1754 for the Cujane Indians"
  • Mission Nuestra Senora de la Candelaria Texas Mission
  • Mission Nuestra Senora de la Purisima Concepcion Del Socorro "Established in 1680"
  • Mission Revilla a Visita short page with directions from Texas
  • Mission San Augustin de Laredo a Visita short page
  • Mission San Clemente details on this Texas site
  • Mission San Clemente short page
  • Mission San Francisco De La Espada details on this Texas mission
  • Mission San Juan Capistrano lots of details and a photo
  • Mission San Lorenzo de La Santa Cruz another short page
  • Mission Santa Cruz de San Saba near Menard, Texas
  • Mississinewa 1812 "More than 1,300 participants will once again bring to life the land of the great Miami Indian nation. You will experience the sights and sounds of the historic War of 1812 battle fought here by United States troops and British-allied Indians."
  • Mississinewa 1812 lots of details
  • Mississippi Indians from Indians of North America by John Swanton
  • Mississippi Valley Archaeology Center "The Mississippi Valley Archaeology Center provides education about ancient cultures of the upper Mississippi River Valley to the general public and undergraduate students, conducts research and exploration of archaeological sites and artifacts, preserves archaeological artifacts of ancient cultures which flourished within the upper Mississippi Valley, and provides a regional center to promote understanding of the prior inhabitants of this region."
  • The Mississippian and Late Prehistoric Period (A.D. 900 - 1700) very detailed site with pictures
  • Montana Indians from Indians of North America by John Swanton
  • Monte Alban history and photo
  • Mound Builders pictures, article and "clickable" map
  • Moundbuilders state park in Newark, Ohio
  • Amerindian Mound Culture and American Amnesia a very detailed work by James Hutchison
  • Mound J Astronomical Observatory from Monte Alban in Mexico
  • Moundbuilders links and resources from the North Georgia site
  • Mounds and Mound Builders info on Grave Creek and Criel mounds in West Virginia
  • Moundville Archaeological Park "Experience the wonder of this Mississippian Native American city."
  • MUSCOGEE (CREEK) HISTORY nicely done page
  • Pierre LeMoyne Sieur d'Iberville and the Establishment of Biloxi a detailed log of his encounters
  • Museum of History and Industry, Seattle, Washington lots of info & pictures
  • Museums At Prophetstown, Inc. "a public, not-for-profit, 501 (c) 3 institution dedicated to preserving the Native American, environmental and agricultural history, art and traditions of the mid-Wabash River Valley region through the operation of professional museum facilities and cultural programs within Prophetstown State Park."
  • Nanih Waiya an Indian mound description
  • Nashville’s Native American History - Dragging Canoe & the Chickamauga Cherokees nicely written article
  • Natchez Trace the people and the area
  • NATIONAL ARCHEOLOGICAL DATABASE - NAGPRA "documents related to the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act are organized in the five categories listed below"
  • National Park Service's Archaeology and Ethnography Program lots of info
  • The Native American: A History Of Oppression a short article on the subject
  • Native American Conquest a great site on the Spanish conquest of North America, from the Florida history site December 2001 "Link of the Month"
  • Native American Creation Stories "These are of both the creation of the First People as well as some beginnings of individual tribes"
  • Native American History Resources on the Internet a long list of history sites by Karen Strom - excellent resource
  • Native American land cessions in Georgia timeline, lots of info
  • Native Americans lots of details
  • Native Americans in Indiana: Resistance and Removal detailed article
  • Native Americans of the Parker River and Surrounding Area detailed descriptions from many sources
  • Nebraska Hall of Fame a list of people
  • Nebraska Indians from The Indian Tribes of North America by John R. Swanton
  • Nevada Indians from The Indian Tribes of North America by John R. Swanton
  • New Echota Cherokee Capital picture, map and article
  • New Hampshire Indians from The Indian Tribes of North America by John R. Swanton
  • New Jersey Indians from The Indian Tribes of North America by John R. Swanton
  • New Mexico Indians from The Indian Tribes of North America by John R. Swanton
  • New Perspectives on THE WEST PBS site based on the Ken Burns series
  • New York Indians by John R. Swanton
  • New York State Archaeological Association "to promote archeological and historical research concerning the artifacts, rites, customs, beliefs and other phases of the lives and culture of the occupants of New York State"
  • New York State Anthropological Survey covering: "Prehistoric Agriculture, Impact of European Contact on Native American Populations, Fort William Henry, Ancient Earthworks of New York, Women in Archaeology, Ripley Site, Chronolgy for Late Prehistoric Chiefdom Development, Prehistoric Agriculture"
  • New World Migration Research Paints Increasingly Complex Picture 1998 Article from Center for the Study of the First Americans' "Mammoth Trumpet" in PDF format
  • Ninety Six - National Historic Site a NPS site in South Carolina
  • No Man's Land "No-Mans Land of early Oklahoma history became what is now known as the Panhandle"
  • North American Archaeology lots of links
  • North Carolina Encyclopedia Historical Highlights of North Carolina
  • North Carolina's First Colonists: 12,000 years before Roanoke an archaeological look at this area
  • Sampling of North Carolina's Archaeological Sites links and info
  • Intrigue of the Past: North Carolina's First Peoples Online Lessons
  • Subsistence Remains from Prehistoric North Carolina Archaeological Sites scholarly website
  • PROJECTILE POINTS OF THE NORTH CAROLINA PIEDMONT diagram and info
  • North Carolina History some Indian info
  • North Carolina Indians also by John R. Swanton
  • North Dakota Indians more by John R. Swanton
  • North Dakota State Historic Sites "The 56 State Historic Sites administered by the State Historical Society of North Dakota are listed alphabetically"
  • North With The Flaw? 1998 Article from Center for the Study of the First Americans' "Mammoth Trumpet" in PDF format
  • Northern Clans, Northern Traces "journeys in the ancient circumpolar world"
  • Northeast Lithic Database "Lithics constitute the bulk of archaeological artifacts in the Northeast"
  • Northwest Missonaries "In March 1831, three Nez Perces and one Flathead Indian traveled to St. Louis to see General William Clark. They made the long journey east to learn about the white man, his religion and to seek the "white man's Book of Heaven".
  • Norton Mound Group about this site in Michigan
  • Notes on the State of Virginia by Thomas Jefferson
  • Occaneechi Band of the Saponi Nation a brief history
  • Octagon Mound "The Octagon Earthworks are part of the Newark group of prehistoric Indian earthworks, originally one of the most extensive earthworks of its kind in the country"
  • OGALLALA AND THE PLATTE VALLEY historical marker in Nebraska
  • Ohio Fundamental Documents a searchable database from the Ohio Historical Society
  • Ohio Indians Learning Links several links to biographies and treaties
  • Ohio Indian tribes lots of info from "The Indian Tribes of North America by John R. Swanton"
  • Ohio's Prehistoric People a timeline
  • Oklahoma Artifacts lots of info
  • Oklahoma History info on this area
  • Oklahoma Indian-Pioneer Interviews interviews with many individuals
  • Oklahoma Indians by John R. Swanton
  • Old Harbor Place the history of this town near Tampa Bay, Florida
  • On the Great Hopewell Road an archaeological journey

  • "100 Voices" - - ↓ - - ↓ - - ↓ - - ↓ - - ↓ - - ↓ - - ↓ - - ↓ -

    There are so many sites on100 Voices, I created a separate section for them below

  • 100 Voices...Eyewitness accounts of the Battle of the Little Bighorn long list of rememberences of the battle
  • American Horse details
  • The Arikara Narrative details
  • Big Beaver details
  • Kate Bighead details
  • Bird Horse details
  • Black Elk details
  • Bobtail Horse details
  • William Bordeaux details
  • Brave Bear details
  • Brave Wolf details
  • Bull Hump and White Bird details
  • Crazy Horse details
  • Crow King details
  • Curley details
  • Dives Backward details
  • Drags The Rope details
  • Eagle Bear details
  • Eagle Elk details
  • Dr. Charles Eastman details
  • Elk Head details
  • Feather Earring details
  • Flying By details
  • Fool's Crow details
  • Foolish Elk details
  • Foolish Elk details
  • Flying Hawk details
  • Gall details
  • Goes Ahead details
  • George Bird Grinnell details
  • Hairy Moccasin details
  • He Dog details
  • Hollow Horn Bear details
  • Hollow Horn Eagle and Brave Bird details
  • Horned Horse details
  • Hostile Chiefs details
  • Hump details
  • Ice Bear details
  • Iron Hail details
  • Iron Hawk details
  • Iron Thunder details
  • Julia Face details
  • Kills Alive details
  • Kill Eagle details
  • Lazy White Bull details
  • Left Hand details
  • Lights details
  • Little Hawk details
  • Little Sioux details
  • Little Soldier details
  • Little Knife details
  • Low Dog details
  • David Humphreys Miller details
  • Moving Robe details
  • Old Eagle details
  • One Bull details
  • Pine details
  • Pretty Shield details
  • Rain In The Face details
  • Red Bear details
  • Red Feather details
  • Red Hawk details
  • Red Horse details
  • Red Star details
  • A Ree details
  • Respects Nothing details
  • Running Wolf details
  • Runs The Enemy details
  • Sage details
  • Seven Anonymous Sioux warriors details
  • Seventh Cavalry Scout List details
  • Short Bull details
  • Sitting Bull details
  • Soldier details
  • Soldier Wolf details
  • Mrs. Spotted Horn Bull details
  • Spotted Wolf details
  • Standing Bear details
  • John Stands In Timber details
  • Strikes Two details
  • Tall Bull details
  • Thunder Bear details
  • Turning Hawk details
  • Turtle Rib details
  • Two Eagles details
  • Two Moon details
  • Water Man details
  • Weasel Bear details
  • White Cow Bull details
  • White Cow Walking details
  • White Man Runs Him details
  • White Shield details
  • Wooden Leg details
  • Yellow Nose details
  • Young Elk Head details
  • Young Hawk details
  • Young Two Moon details

    end of 100 Voices Links - - ↑ - - ↑ - - ↑ - - ↑ - - ↑ - - ↑ - - ↑ - - ↑ -

  • Oneida Tribe of Wisconsin History a brief history
  • Order of Indian Wars of the United States a list of the "Indian Wars"
  • The Order of the Indian Wars Home Page a club
  • Oregon-California Trails Association Info about these trails & people on them
  • Oregon Indians by John R. Swanton
  • The Oregon Trail "The first section of the Oregon Trail bisected two major Native American tribes--the Cheyenne to the north and the Pawnee to the south"
  • Oregon War 1856 letter to the editor of N.Y.Times
  • The Battle of Oriskany map and article from Wikipedia
  • Other Weapons Used in 19th-Century Battles interesting article
  • AN OUTSTANDING PETROGLYPH SITE NEAR THE EEL RIVER, TRINITY COUNTY, CALIFORNIA about this California site
  • Palatki "6000 Years of Arizona Rock Art"
  • Paleoamerican Origins Smithsonian website
  • Paleoenvironmental Change about the American Southwest, detailed bibliography
  • Paleoecologist Finds Corridor Ice-free but Forbidding scholarly article
  • The Paleoindian Database of the Americas from The University of Tennessee Department of Anthropology
  • Paleoindian & Other Archaeological Stuff "I (Tony Baker) have created this WEB site to share my knowledge of the Paleoindians, the Archaic and archaeology of the southwest"
  • Paleoindian and Archaic Peoples "Adapted from The Ice-age History of Southwestern National Parks. Smithsonian Institution Press"
  • Parkin Mounds State Park about this park in Arkansas
  • Pathology in the Crow Creek Skeletons: Full Database "to provide a compendium of the diseases and other health related conditions that affected the people at Crow Creek"
  • Pawnee Villages from the Nebraska State Historical Society page
  • Pawnee Woman's Grave historical marker in Nebraska
  • Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology their exhibits: "The Ethnography of Lewis and Clark: Native American Objects and the American Quest for Commerce and Science, Rainmakers from the Gods: Hopi Katsinam, Against the Winds: American Indian Running Traditions, Three Generations of Women Anthropologists: The Children of Changing Woman"
  • The Peachtree Highlands National Historic District "on land that originally belonged to the Creek Indians"
  • Pebble Creek Fight from the Nebraska State Historical Society page
  • Pennsylvania Indians by John R. Swanton
  • Pennsylvania on the Eve of Colonization from the state history site
  • Pertinent Texts and Images in the 19th Century excerpts from many books
  • Pinson Mounds in Tennessee
  • The Plains Indians Kate Bighead's rememberence of the Battle of the Little Bighorn
  • Pleistocene Wetlands Probably Provided Plenty of Vegetables for Paleo-Americans 1998 Article from Center for the Study of the First Americans' "Mammoth Trumpet" in PDF format
  • Battle of Point Pleasant info about the events leading to this battle
  • Battle of Point Pleasant October 10, 1774
  • Point Types of Southern Ontario all kinds of info from Canada
  • Ponca Indians historical marker in Nebraska
  • PONCA TRAIL OF TEARS - WHITE BUFFALO GIRL marker in Nebraska
  • The Pottery Project: 2,000 Years - 20,000 Vessels An Official Project of Save America's Treasures
  • Pre-Clovis Human Prints Found in Clay "Dates of N. Mexico Find Fixed about 28,000 B.P."
  • Prehistoric Artifacts And Settlement Patterns In Dallas, Native American Presence In Area lots of info
  • Prehistoric Burial Site from the Nebraska State Historical Society page
  • Prehistoric Farmers nice article
  • Prehistoric Native Americans a look at the original Floridians and a good map
  • Prehistoric People of the Kanawha Valley nice history pages
  • Presidio Del Norte in Texas, "established by captain Alonzo Rubin de Celis in 1759-1760"
  • Project Gutenberg's Etext of Indian Heroes and Great Chieftains by Charles A. Eastman
  • Putting a New Face on Prehistory By Boyce Rensberger
  • Quest for the Domination of North America a brief description of the King William's, Queen Anne's, King George's and French and Indian wars
  • Raid on Indians' fort in New England. May 26, 1637 a drawing & brief article
  • Red Clay State Historical Park "the seat of Cherokee government from 1832 until the forced removal of the Cherokee in 1838"
  • Red Cloud Agency Nebraska historical marker
  • Red Eagle Surrenders also known as William Weatherford
  • Red River War Lots of info & photos on this campaign in Texas and Oklahoma
  • Remarks Concerning the Savages of North America sympathetic article by Benjamin Franklin
  • "Reports Available Online" from Cultural Resources Analysts, Inc. numerous archaeology reports
  • Research Issues in San Diego Archaeology very detailed site from the San Diego County Archaeological Society, edited by Don Laylander
  • Resources for North American Archaeology numerous links from ArchNet
  • Rethinking the Peopling of the Americas nice exhibition from the Center for Desert Archaeology
  • Retracing An Archaeological Expedition "The Canadian Museum of Civilization invites you to retrace the footsteps of some of its archaeologists as they uncovered new chapters in the long and fascinating history of the Northwest Territories"
  • Revolutionary Events in New York and the Colonies 1775 to 1783 significant dates in New York during the Revolutionary period
  • Rhode Island Indians by John R. Swanton
  • ROBINSON TREATY Made in the Year 1850 WITH THE OJIBEWA INDIANS OF LAKE HURON "CONVEYING CERTAIN LANDS TO THE CROWN" in Canada
  • ROBINSON TREATY Made in the Year 1850 WITH THE OJIBEWA INDIANS OF LAKE SUPERIOR also "CONVEYING CERTAIN LANDS TO THE CROWN"
  • The Rocky Boy Reservation a history of this reservation in Montana
  • Rodriguez - Chamuscado Expedition - 1581 about their trip through Texas
  • Round Mountain details on the Civil War battle
  • Round Valey, California a look at some happenings in this area
  • Route of The Comanche Exodus historical site in Texas
  • Ruddles's Station, Kentucky nice site on this settlement
  • Russell Cave a NPS site in Alabama
  • The Russian Church & Native American Cultures a scholarly look at the subject
  • St.Stephens History Alabama history
  • Sainte-Marie among the Hurons "Established in 1639, Sainte-Marie was the headquarters of the French Jesuit mission to the Hurons and was the first European community in Ontario."
  • Salinas Pueblo Missions National Monument Home Page a NPS site in New Mexico
  • Sanco historical spot in Texas
  • Sand Creek details of this fight in Colorado
  • SANILAC PETROGLYPHS info on this site in Michigan
  • The Delicate Art of Scalping "article written by George A. Bray III"
  • Schoenbrunn Village "The Moravian church founded Schoenbrunn ("beautiful spring") in 1772 as a mission to the Delaware Indians"
  • Seip Mound "The Hopewell Indians (100 BC-AD 500) built Seip Mound for burials"
  • Seminole Canyon Archaeological Site ancient site in Texas
  • September 1824 Indian Treaty in Goliad County, Texas
  • Serpent Mound "One of the few effigy mounds in Ohio, Serpent Mound is the largest and finest serpent effigy in the United States"
  • 1760-1795: The British Period in the Northwest from "The Geographic Location of Potawatomi Bands: 1795 to 1846"
  • 1766 Exploration of Diego Ortiz Parrilla historical marker in Texas
  • 7th Cavalry Regiment - Early History their story and the Plains Indians
  • She-Who-Is-Alone's Sacrifice interesting article
  • Shelving Rock "for hundreds of years campsite or village of Nomadic Indians"...in Texas
  • Shrum Mound "It was probably constructed about 2000 years ago by the prehistoric Adena people"
  • Siege of Detroit The Conspiracy of Pontiac
  • Sitting Bull and the Mounties article from The Wild West
  • THE SKIRMISH AT SPRING CREEK historical marker in Nebraska
  • Smithville, Texas and Native Americans a look at this area
  • Socorro Mission La Purisima in El Paso County, Texas
  • South Carolina Institute of Archaeology and Anthropology "it serves as the main State agency concerned with South Carolina's Prehistoric and Historic Archaeology"
  • South Dakota Indians by John R. Swanton
  • South Dakota Paleopathology "To facilitate exchange of information about skeletal pathology, we hope to build a substantial paleopathology database accessible on the web" - info about the Cow Creek Massacre, too
  • South Dakota State Historical Society their archaeological research center
  • SouthWestern Archaeology "This is the "Type Site" for World Wide Web archaeology as practiced in the American Southwest"
  • The Spalding-Allen Collection a collection from the middle 1800s
  • Spanish Period: 1540-1820 California history in PDF format
  • The Spread of Maize to the Colorado Plateau detailed article
  • Squaw Creek Indian Fight about this site in texas
  • Old Stone Fort State Archaeological Park "one of two sites interpreting prehistoric American Indian culture and mound building in the Tennessee State Park system"
  • The Stone Houses in Archer County, Texas
  • Story Mound "Erected by prehistoric Adena Indians (800 BC-AD 100) it was excavated in 1897 by Clarence Loveberry"
  • Studying Ancient American DNA Article from Center for the Study of the First Americans' "Mammoth Trumpet" in PDF format
  • Table Creek Treaty with Pawnee Indians Nebraska event on September 24, 1857
  • TED'S INDIAN ARROWHEAD & ARTIFACT COLLECTION "All of my hunting activity has been in Comanche County Texas where there has been an abundance of Indian artifacts to be found on the surface of the ground in the fields and along the draws in the pastures"
  • Temecula History a chronology of the Southern California town
  • Tennessee Indians by John R. Swanton
  • Teotihuacan a look at this ancient city in Mexico
  • Terrestrial Evidence of a Nuclear Catastrophe in Paleoindian Times March 2001 Article from Center for the Study of the First Americans' "Mammoth Trumpet" in PDF format
  • Texas Archeological Society "dedicated to the study and preservation of the historic and prehistoric aspects of Texas' past"
  • Texas Indians written at a child's level in PDF format
  • Texas Indians by John R. Swanton
  • Texas Rangers' Battle of May 29, 1850 historical marker in Texas
  • Texas Site Suggests Link with European Upper Paleolithic by Don Alan Hall & George Wisner
  • This Day in Georgia History an excellent site set up similar to the "Dates" section of my site
  • History of The Three Rivers Petroglyph Site short article
  • The Tobin Indian Raid about this event in Nebraska
  • Toltec Mounds State Park about this park in Arkansas
  • Tonto National Monument "This was home to the prehistoric Salado people"
  • Tonwantonga "Ruled by the great chief Blackbird, an estimated 1,100 people lived in this earthlodge town about 1795"
  • Town Creek Indian Mound details and a photo of this ancient site in North Carolina
  • TOWOSAHGY STATE HISTORIC SITE short page on this Missouri site
  • Trade Routes and Economic Exchange Among the Indians of California a look at this subject
  • The Trail of Tears "An American Tragedy - The Story Continues Through Arkansas"
  • The Treaty Era from the perspective of the Menominee Indians "These lessons are in no way designed to be Indian propaganda, but strive instead to give a balanced view of the treaty era in Wisconsin History from the perspective of the Menominee Indians"
  • TREATY MADE NOVEMBER 15, 1923 BETWEEN HIS MAJESTY THE KING AND THE MISSISSAUGA INDIANS copy of this Canadian document
  • TREATY MADE OCTOBER 31, 1923 BETWEEN HIS MAJESTY THE KING AND THE CHIPPEWA INDIANS OF CHRISTIAN ISLAND, GEORGINA ISLAND AND RAMA transcript from Canada
  • TREATY No. 8 MADE JUNE 21, 1899
  • Treaty No.11 June 27, 1921 in Canada
  • TREATY No.5 BETWEEN HER MAJESTY THE QUEEN AND THE SAULTEAUX AND SWAMPY CREE TRIBES OF INDIANS made in 1875
  • TREATY No.4 BETWEEN HER MAJESTY THE QUEEN AND THE CREE AND SAULTEAUX TRIBES OF INDIANS a transcript from Canada
  • (JAMES BAY) TREATY No. 9 originally written in 1905, amended several times
  • TREATIES No. 1 AND 2 BETWEEN HER MAJESTY THE QUEEN AND THE CHIPPEWA AND CREE INDIANS 1871 in "MANITOBA AND COUNTRY ADJACENT"
  • TREATY No. 7 BETWEEN HER MAJESTY THE QUEEN AND THE BLACKFEET AND OTHER INDIAN TRIBES made in 1877
  • TREATY No. 6 BETWEEN HER MAJESTY THE QUEEN AND THE PLAIN AND WOOD CREE INDIANS AND OTHER TRIBES OF INDIANS a copy
  • TREATY No. 10 AND REPORTS OF COMMISSIONERS a Canadian Treaty
  • TREATY No. 3 BETWEEN HER MAJESTY THE QUEEN AND THE SAULTEAUX TRIBE OF THE OJIBBEWAY INDIANS "AT THE NORTHWEST ANGLE ON THE LAKE OF THE WOODS"
  • The Treaty of 1851 "representing the Poh-lik or lower Klamath, the Peh-tsick or upper Klamath, and the Hoo-pah or Trinity river Indians"
  • The Treaty of 1864 "between the United States government, and the Hoopa, South Fork, Redwood, and Grouse Creek Indians."
  • TREATY OF FORT LARAMIE WIKIPEDIA PAGE
  • TREATY OF THE QUINAIELT "Signed by the Quinault on the Quinault River: July 1, 1855"
  • Articles of Treaty Seven from Canada
  • TREATY WITH THE CHIPPEWA JULY 29, 1837
  • TREATY WITH THE CHIPPEWA OCTOBER 4, 1842
  • TREATY WITH THE CHIPPEWA SEPTEMBER 30, 1854
  • TREATY WITH THE INDIANS LIVING IN THE COUNTRY OF THE ONEIDAS 1794 transcript
  • TREATY WITH THE NEW YORK INDIANS 1838 transcript
  • TREATY WITH THE ONEIDA 1838 transcript
  • TREATY WITH THE OTTAWA, ETC. March 28, 1836
  • Tribal Histories This is a good place to go to get a brief look at the history of many tribes
  • Tucson History "Visitors remain drawn to the area's Native American, Spanish, Mexican, and pioneer roots, which converged to create its unique character"
  • Tulsa's History info about this area of Oklahoma
  • U.S. and Indian Treaties "CHOCTAW -CHEROKEE-CHICKASAW-CREEK-CANADIAN TRIBES"
  • U.S. History - Colonial Cycle lots of info and links for this time period
  • U.S.Indian policies 1830-1890 Great site, lots of info & links
  • The Utah History Encyclopedia lots of info here on a wide variety of subjects
  • Chief Vann House State Historical Site "Called the 'Showplace of the Cherokee Nation,' this two-story classic brick mansion was built by Chief James Vann in 1804"
  • Vermont Indians by John R. Swanton
  • Virginia Indians by John R. Swanton
  • Virginia: THOMAS HARIOT'S A Briefe and True Report of the New Found Land first published in 1588
  • Visiting Places of the Past tour guide from the Center for Desert Archaeology
  • A Walking Tour of Plimoth Plantation Re-creations of Indians' and settlers' homes
  • War Chart when who fought who
  • Warren Wagon Train Massacre about this site in Texas
  • George Washington and Indians a detailed look at his writings and more
  • Washington and the Creek-Georgia Conflict a detailed look at this subject
  • Washington Indians by John R. Swanton
  • Washington Triggers the French and Indian War long article on Washington's actions
  • Weapons and Tools of America's Past Ray Louis makes replicas of old artifacts
  • Weapons of Mass Destruction - Native Americans, part 1 a very long and detailed article
  • This Week in Western Canadian History all kinds of info
  • Wennawoods Publishing They specialize in the 17th & 18th Century along the Eastern frontier-lots of fascinating books
  • West Virginia Indians by John R. Swanton
  • Western Frontier "Regrettably, many of the accomplishments and sagas of African Americans, Native Americans, Mexican Americans and Asian Americans have never been told in book form. There is a need for the total history of the American West to be told so there will be a more complete picture. Members of these groups played a crucial role in the development of our nation, and the West is no exception"
  • The Extraordinary Lewis Wetzel Wikipedia page on "one of America's greatest forgotten indian fighting heros"
  • What's The Point? Identifying Flint Artifacts (Ohio Site)
  • Whitman Massacre Trial Introduction all kinds of details
  • Whitman Mission lots of info on this site
  • Who Were The First Americans? - Part 1 Article from Center for the Study of the First Americans' "Mammoth Trumpet" in PDF format
  • Who Were The First Americans? - Part 2 Article from Center for the Study of the First Americans' "Mammoth Trumpet" in PDF format
  • Wild Women of the West from The Wild West
  • Wisconsin Indians by John R. Swanton
  • Wisconsin Treaty of September 26, 1833 with the Potawatomi
  • GEN. TOM WOODWARD'S INDIAN HISTORY "From the Montgomery Mail, February 27, 1858"
  • Tom Woodward's Letter on the Creek War written "Nov. 3, 1858 to J.J. HOOPER Esq."
  • More on the Creek War from General Thomas Woodward "October 31st, 1858, To J.J. HOOPER, Esq."
  • Another letter by T.S.Woodward "Oct. 20th, 1858, To J.J. HOOPER, Esq"
  • T.S.Woodward Correspondence "August 12th, 1858, to COL. ALBERT J. PICKETT"
  • More on Alabama by Woodward "July 8, 1858, to J.J. HOOPER, Esq."
  • The people and events of old Alabama by Woodward "June 21st, 1858 to COL. A.J. Pickett"
  • Descriptions of the Creek War by General Woodward "June 16th, 1858 to COL. JOHN BANKS"
  • Day to day life in Alabama by T.S.Woodward "June 13th, 1858, to J. J. HOOPER, Esq"
  • General Woodward's commentary on the Indians of Alabama "April 25th, 1858, to COL. ALBERT J. PICKETT"
  • The early history of Macon by T.S.Woodward "April 2, 1858, to F. A. RUTHERFORD, Esq"
  • Woodward answering questions on the Chippewas in the Montgomery Mail, March 25, 1858
  • Woodward on de Soto "March 21, 1858, To. J. J. HOOPER, Esq"
  • Woodward expounding on the Creeks "Jan. 10, 1858, TO J. J. HOOPER, Esq"
  • Wyoming Indians by John R. Swanton
  • The Wyoming Valley Massacre this is in Pennsylvania, not Wyoming
  • Zuni History from "Land Use History of North America"